Filing Your Taxes Online is Fast, Easy and Secure.
Start now and receive your tax refund in as little as 7 days.

1. Get Answers

Your online questions are customized to your unique tax situation.

2. Maximize your Refund

Find tax credits for everything from school tuition to buying a hybri

3. E-File for FREE

E-file free with direct deposit to get your refund in as few as 7 days.

Filing your taxes with paper mail can be difficult and it could take weeks for your refund to arrive. IRS e-file is easy, fast and secure. There is no paperwork going to the IRS so tax refunds can be processed in as little as 7 days with direct deposit. As you prepare your taxes online, you can see your tax refund in real time.

FREE audit support and representation from an enrolled agent – NEW and only from H&R Block

Www Onlinetaxes H&rblock Com

2006 Taxes OnlineFree Tax Calculator 2012Tax Return FormHow To File An Amended Tax Return For 2011 Turbotax2011 1040Taxslayer WebsiteHow Do I File My 2010 Taxes For Free1040ez2012Ez Form 2010How Do I File Self Employment TaxesTaxes 1040ezHow To File An Amended Tax Return For 2010Ez Form 1040Irs Website For For 1040ez1040ez Tax Forms To PrintFree Efile State Tax Return2010 H R Taxes FreeE File State Taxes OnlyNj 1040 NrUnemployed TaxesH & R BlockAmend My 2012 Tax ReturnStudent Tax RefundDoes A Working Student Have To File For TaxesUs Irs E File FreeState Income Tax Forms 2012Efile 2011 TaxesTax Forms 1040 EzFree File Fillable FormsFile Form 1040x Online2008 TurbotaxHand R Block OnlineIncome Tax Return 20131040ez Instructions 2012Irs.gov/1040xFederal Tax Forms And State FormsFree State Taxes Online FilingState Tax Return Free FilingHow To File Taxes For Self Employment IncomeFile An Amended Tax Return For 2011

Www Onlinetaxes H&rblock Com

Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Index Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
Español

Better Business Bureaus (BBBs) are nonprofit organizations that encourage honest advertising and selling practices and are supported primarily by local businesses. They offer a variety of consumer services, including consumer education materials; business reports, particularly unanswered or unsettled complaints or other problems; mediation and arbitration services; and information about charities and other organizations that are seeking public donations. They also provide ratings (A, B, C, D, or F) of local companies to express the BBB's confidence that the company operates in a trustworthy manner and demonstrates a willingness to resolve customer concerns.

Grand Rapids, MI

Website: Better Business Bureau

Email: info@westernmichigan.bbb.org

Address: Better Business Bureau
2627 E. Beltline Ave., SE, Suite 320
Grand Rapids, MI 49546

Phone Number: 616-774-8236

Southfield, MI

Website: Better Business Bureau

Email: info@easternmichiganbbb.org

Address: Better Business Bureau
26777 Central Park Blvd., Suite 100
Southfield, MI 48076-4163

Phone Number: 248-223-9400

The Www Onlinetaxes H&rblock Com

Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Publication 501 - Main Content Table of Contents Who Must FileSelf-employed persons. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Filing Requirements for Most Taxpayers Dependents Other Situations Who Should File Filing StatusMarital Status Single Married Filing Jointly Married Filing Separately Head of Household Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child ExemptionsForm 1040EZ filers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Form 1040A filers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Form 1040 filers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com More information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Personal Exemptions Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying Child Qualifying Relative Phaseout of Exemptions Social Security Numbers for DependentsBorn and died in 2013. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Standard DeductionStandard Deduction Amount Standard Deduction for Dependents Who Should Itemize How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Who Must File If you are a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com citizen or resident alien, whether you must file a federal income tax return depends on your gross income, your filing status, your age, and whether you are a dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For details, see Table 1 and Table 2. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You also must file if one of the situations described in Table 3 applies. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The filing requirements apply even if you owe no tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Table 1. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers IF your filing status is. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com AND at the end of 2013 you were. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com * THEN file a return if your gross income was at least. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ** single under 65  $10,000 65 or older $11,500 head of household under 65 $12,850 65 or older $14,350 married, filing jointly*** under 65 (both spouses) $20,000 65 or older (one spouse) $21,200 65 or older (both spouses) $22,400 married, filing separately any age  $3,900 qualifying widow(er) with dependent child under 65 $16,100 65 or older $17,300 * If you were born before January 2, 1949, you are considered to be 65 or older at the end of 2013. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ** Gross income means all income you receive in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax, including any income from sources outside the United States or from the sale of your main home (even if you can exclude part or all of it). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Do not include any social security benefits unless (a) you are married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time during 2013 or (b) one-half of your social security benefits plus your other gross income and any tax-exempt interest is more than $25,000 ($32,000 if married filing jointly). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If (a) or (b) applies, see the Form 1040 instructions to figure the taxable part of social security benefits you must include in gross income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Gross income includes gains, but not losses, reported on Form 8949 or Schedule D. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Gross income from a business means, for example, the amount on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com But in figuring gross income, do not reduce your income by any losses, including any loss on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com *** If you did not live with your spouse at the end of 2013 (or on the date your spouse died) and your gross income was at least $3,900, you must file a return regardless of your age. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You may have to pay a penalty if you are required to file a return but fail to do so. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you willfully fail to file a return, you may be subject to criminal prosecution. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For information on what form to use — Form 1040EZ, Form 1040A, or Form 1040 — see the instructions for your tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Gross income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Gross income is all income you receive in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are married and live with your spouse in a community property state, half of any income defined by state law as community income may be considered yours. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For a list of community property states, see Community property states under Married Filing Separately, later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Self-employed persons. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are self-employed in a business that provides services (where products are not a factor), your gross income from that business is the gross receipts. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are self-employed in a business involving manufacturing, merchandising, or mining, your gross income from that business is the total sales minus the cost of goods sold. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com In either case, you must add any income from investments and from incidental or outside operations or sources. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You must file Form 1040 if you owe any self-employment tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Your filing status generally depends on whether you are single or married. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Whether you are single or married is determined at the end of your tax year, which is December 31 for most taxpayers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Filing status is discussed in detail later in this publication. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Age. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Age is a factor in determining if you must file a return only if you are 65 or older at the end of your tax year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For 2013, you are 65 or older if you were born before January 2, 1949. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Filing Requirements for Most Taxpayers You must file a return if your gross income for the year was at least the amount shown on the appropriate line in Table 1. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Dependents should see Table 2 instead. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Deceased Persons You must file an income tax return for a decedent (a person who died) if both of the following are true. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are the surviving spouse, executor, administrator, or legal representative. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The decedent met the filing requirements described in this publication at the time of his or her death. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For more information, see Final Income Tax Return for Decedent — Form 1040 in Publication 559. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Table 2. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents See Exemptions for Dependents to find out if you are a dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If your parent (or someone else) can claim you as a dependent, use this table to see if you must file a return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com  In this table, unearned income includes taxable interest, ordinary dividends, and capital gain distributions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It also includes unemployment compensation, taxable social security benefits, pensions, annuities, and distributions of unearned income from a trust. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Earned income includes salaries, wages, tips, professional fees, and taxable scholarship and fellowship grants. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Gross income is the total of your unearned and earned income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If your gross income was $3,900 or more, you usually cannot be claimed as a dependent unless you are a qualifying child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For details, see Exemptions for Dependents. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Single dependents—Were you either age 65 or older or blind? □ No. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must file a return if any of the following apply. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your unearned income was more than $1,000. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your earned income was more than $6,100. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your gross income was more than the larger of— $1,000, or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $350. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com     □ Yes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must file a return if any of the following apply. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your unearned income was more than $2,500 ($4,000 if 65 or older and blind). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your earned income was more than $7,600 ($9,100 if 65 or older and blind). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your gross income was more than the larger of—  $2,500 ($4,000 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $1,850 ($3,350 if 65 or older and blind). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com     Married dependents—Were you either age 65 or older or blind? □ No. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must file a return if any of the following apply. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your unearned income was more than $1,000. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your earned income was more than $6,100. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your gross income was more than the larger of— $1,000, or Your earned income (up to $5,750 plus $350. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com     □ Yes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must file a return if any of the following apply. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your unearned income was more than $2,200 ($3,400 if 65 or older and blind). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your earned income was more than $7,300 ($8,500 if 65 or older and blind). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your gross income was more than the larger of— $2,200 ($3,400 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $1,550 ($2,750 if 65 or older and blind). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com     U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad To determine whether you must file a return, include in your gross income any income you earned or received abroad, including any income you can exclude under the foreign earned income exclusion. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For more information on special tax rules that may apply to you, see Publication 54, Tax Guide for U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Residents of Puerto Rico If you are a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com citizen and also a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, you generally must file a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com income tax return for any year in which you meet the income requirements. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This is in addition to any legal requirement you may have to file an income tax return with Puerto Rico. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the whole year, your U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com gross income does not include income from sources within Puerto Rico. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It does, however, include any income you received for your services as an employee of the United States or any U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com agency. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you receive income from Puerto Rican sources that is not subject to U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com tax, you must reduce your standard deduction, which reduces the amount of income you can have before you must file a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com income tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For more information, see Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Possessions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Individuals With Income From U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Possessions If you had income from Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, or the U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Virgin Islands, special rules may apply when determining whether you must file a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com federal income tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com In addition, you may have to file a return with the individual possession government. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Publication 570 for more information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Dependents A person who is a dependent may still have to file a return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It depends on his or her earned income, unearned income, and gross income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For details, see Table 2. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com A dependent must also file if one of the situations described in Table 3 applies. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Responsibility of parent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If a dependent child must file an income tax return but cannot file due to age or any other reason, a parent, guardian, or other legally responsible person must file it for the child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If the child cannot sign the return, the parent or guardian must sign the child's name followed by the words “By (your signature), parent for minor child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ” Earned income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Earned income includes salaries, wages, professional fees, and other amounts received as pay for work you actually perform. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Earned income (only for purposes of filing requirements and the standard deduction) also includes any part of a scholarship that you must include in your gross income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See chapter 1 of Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education, for more information on taxable and nontaxable scholarships. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Child's earnings. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Amounts a child earns by performing services are included in his or her gross income and not the gross income of the parent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This is true even if under local law the child's parent has the right to the earnings and may actually have received them. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com But if the child does not pay the tax due on this income, the parent is liable for the tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Unearned income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Unearned income includes income such as interest, dividends, and capital gains. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Trust distributions of interest, dividends, capital gains, and survivor annuities are also considered unearned income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Election to report child's unearned income on parent's return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may be able to include your child's interest and dividend income on your tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you do this, your child will not have to file a return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com To make this election, all of the following conditions must be met. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your child was under age 19 (or under age 24 if a student) at the end of 2013. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (A child born on January 1, 1995, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2013; you cannot make the election for this child unless the child was a student. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Similarly, a child born on January 1, 1990, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2013; you cannot make the election for this child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ) Your child had gross income only from interest and dividends (including capital gain distributions and Alaska Permanent Fund dividends). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The interest and dividend income was less than $10,000. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your child is required to file a return for 2013 unless you make this election. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your child does not file a joint return for 2013. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com No estimated tax payment was made for 2013 and no 2012 overpayment was applied to 2013 under your child's name and social security number. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com No federal income tax was withheld from your child's income under the backup withholding rules. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are the parent whose return must be used when making the election to report your child's unearned income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   For more information, see Form 8814 and Parent's Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends in Publication 929. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Other Situations You may have to file a tax return even if your gross income is less than the amount shown in Table 1 or Table 2 for your filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Table 3 for those other situations when you must file. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Table 3. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return If any of the four conditions listed below applied to you for 2013, you must file a return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 1. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You owe any special taxes, including any of the following. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   a. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Alternative minimum tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (See Form 6251. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com )   b. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Additional tax on a qualified plan, including an individual retirement arrangement (IRA), or other tax-favored account. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (See Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs), and Publication 969, Health Savings Accounts and Other Tax-Favored Health Plans. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ) But if you are filing a return only because you owe this tax, you can file Form 5329 by itself. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   c. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Social security or Medicare tax on tips you did not report to your employer (see Publication 531, Reporting Tip Income) or on wages you received from an employer who did not withhold these taxes (see Form 8919). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   d. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Write-in taxes, including uncollected social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement tax on tips you reported to your employer or on group-term life insurance and additional tax on health savings accounts. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (See Publication 531, Publication 969, and the Form 1040 instructions for line 60. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com )   e. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Household employment taxes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com But if you are filing a return only because you owe these taxes, you can file Schedule H (Form 1040) by itself. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   f. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Recapture taxes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (See the Form 1040 instructions for lines 44, 59b, and 60. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ) 2. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You (or your spouse if filing jointly) received Archer MSA, Medicare Advantage MSA, or health savings account distributions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 3. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You had net earnings from self-employment of at least $400. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (See Schedule SE (Form 1040) and its instructions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ) 4. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You had wages of $108. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 28 or more from a church or qualified church-controlled organization that is exempt from employer social security and Medicare taxes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (See Schedule SE (Form 1040) and its instructions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ) Who Should File Even if you do not have to file, you should file a tax return if you can get money back. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For example, you should file if one of the following applies. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You had income tax withheld from your pay. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You made estimated tax payments for the year or had any of your overpayment for last year applied to this year's estimated tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You qualify for the earned income credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Publication 596, Earned Income Credit (EIC), for more information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You qualify for the additional child tax credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See the instructions for the tax form you file (Form 1040 or 1040A) for more information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You qualify for the refundable American opportunity education credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Form 8863, Education Credits. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You qualify for the health coverage tax credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For information about this credit, see Form 8885, Health Coverage Tax Credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You qualify for the credit for federal tax on fuels. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Form 4136, Credit for Federal Tax Paid on Fuels. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Form 1099-B received. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Even if you are not required to file a return, you should consider filing if all of the following apply. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You received a Form 1099-B, Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions (or substitute statement). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The amount in box 2a of Form 1099-B (or substitute statement), when added to your other gross income, means you have to file a tax return because of the filing requirement in Table 1 or Table 2 that applies to you. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Box 3 of Form 1099-B (or substitute statement) is blank. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com In this case, filing a return may keep you from getting a notice from the IRS. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Filing Status You must determine your filing status before you can determine whether you must file a tax return, your standard deduction (discussed later), and your tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You also use your filing status to determine whether you are eligible to claim certain other deductions and credits. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com There are five filing statuses: Single, Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately, Head of Household, and Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If more than one filing status applies to you, choose the one that will give you the lowest tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Marital Status In general, your filing status depends on whether you are considered unmarried or married. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Unmarried persons. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You are considered unmarried for the whole year if, on the last day of your tax year, you are unmarried or legally separated from your spouse under a divorce or separate maintenance decree. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   State law governs whether you are married or legally separated under a divorce or separate maintenance decree. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Divorced persons. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are divorced under a final decree by the last day of the year, you are considered unmarried for the whole year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Divorce and remarriage. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you obtain a divorce for the sole purpose of filing tax returns as unmarried individuals, and at the time of divorce you intend to and do, in fact, remarry each other in the next tax year, you and your spouse must file as married individuals in both years. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Annulled marriages. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you obtain a court decree of annulment, which holds that no valid marriage ever existed, you are considered unmarried even if you filed joint returns for earlier years. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must file amended returns (Form 1040X) claiming single or head of household status for all tax years that are affected by the annulment and not closed by the statute of limitations for filing a tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Generally, for a credit or refund, you must file Form 1040X within 3 years (including extensions) after the date you filed your original return or within 2 years after the date you paid the tax, whichever is later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you filed your original tax return early (for example, March 1), your return is considered filed on the due date (generally April 15). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, if you had an extension to file (for example, until October 15) but you filed earlier and we received it on July 1, your return is considered filed on July 1. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Head of household or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are considered unmarried, you may be able to file as a head of household or as a qualifying widow(er) with a dependent child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Head of Household and Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child to see if you qualify. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Married persons. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are considered married, you and your spouse can file a joint return or separate returns. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Considered married. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You are considered married for the whole year if, on the last day of your tax year, you and your spouse meet any one of the following tests. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are married and living together. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are living together in a common law marriage recognized in the state where you now live or in the state where the common law marriage began. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are married and living apart but not legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are separated under an interlocutory (not final) decree of divorce. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Same-sex marriage. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    For federal tax purposes, individuals of the same sex are married if they were lawfully married in a state (or foreign country) whose laws authorize the marriage of two individuals of the same sex, even if the state (or foreign country) in which they now live does not recognize same-sex marriage. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The term "spouse" includes an individual married to a person of the same sex if the couple is lawfully married under state (or foreign) law. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, individuals who have entered into a registered domestic partnership, civil union, or other similar relationship that is not called a marriage under state (or foreign) law are not married for federal tax purposes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   The word “state” as used here includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com territories and possessions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It means any domestic jurisdiction that has the legal authority to sanction marriages. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The term “foreign country” means any foreign jurisdiction that has the legal authority to sanction marriages. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   If individuals of the same sex are married, they generally must use the married filing jointly or married filing separately filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, if they did not live together during the last 6 months of the year, one or both of them may be able to use the head of household filing status, as explained later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   For more details, see Answers to Frequently Asked Questions For Individuals of the Same Sex Who Are Married Under State Law on IRS. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com gov. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Spouse died during the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your spouse died during the year, you are considered married for the whole year for filing status purposes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   If you did not remarry before the end of the tax year, you can file a joint return for yourself and your deceased spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For the next 2 years, you may be entitled to the special benefits described later under Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   If you remarried before the end of the tax year, you can file a joint return with your new spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your deceased spouse's filing status is married filing separately for that year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Married persons living apart. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you live apart from your spouse and meet certain tests, you may be able to file as head of household even if you are not divorced or legally separated. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you qualify to file as head of household instead of as married filing separately, your standard deduction will be higher. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Also, your tax may be lower, and you may be able to claim the earned income credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Head of Household , later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Single Your filing status is single if you are considered unmarried and you do not qualify for another filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com To determine your marital status, see Marital Status , earlier. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Widow(er). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Your filing status may be single if you were widowed before January 1, 2013, and did not remarry before the end of 2013. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You may, however, be able to use another filing status that will give you a lower tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Head of Household and Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child , later, to see if you qualify. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com How to file. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You can file Form 1040. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you have taxable income of less than $100,000, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If, in addition, you have no dependents, are under 65 and not blind, and meet other requirements, you can file Form 1040EZ. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you file Form 1040A or Form 1040, show your filing status as single by checking the box on line 1. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Use the Single column of the Tax Table, or Section A of the Tax Computation Worksheet, to figure your tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Married Filing Jointly You can choose married filing jointly as your filing status if you are considered married and both you and your spouse agree to file a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com On a joint return, you and your spouse report your combined income and deduct your combined allowable expenses. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can file a joint return even if one of you had no income or deductions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you and your spouse decide to file a joint return, your tax may be lower than your combined tax for the other filing statuses. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Also, your standard deduction (if you do not itemize deductions) may be higher, and you may qualify for tax benefits that do not apply to other filing statuses. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you and your spouse each have income, you may want to figure your tax both on a joint return and on separate returns (using the filing status of married filing separately). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can choose the method that gives the two of you the lower combined tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com How to file. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file as married filing jointly, you can use Form 1040. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you and your spouse have taxable income of less than $100,000, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If, in addition, you and your spouse have no dependents, are both under 65 and not blind, and meet other requirements, you can file Form 1040EZ. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040A, show this filing status by checking the box on line 2. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Use the Married filing jointly column of the Tax Table, or Section B of the Tax Computation Worksheet, to figure your tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Spouse died. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your spouse died during the year, you are considered married for the whole year and can choose married filing jointly as your filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Spouse died during the year , under Married persons, earlier. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   If your spouse died in 2014 before filing a 2013 return, you can choose married filing jointly as your filing status on your 2013 return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Divorced persons. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are divorced under a final decree by the last day of the year, you are considered unmarried for the whole year and you cannot choose married filing jointly as your filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Filing a Joint Return Both you and your spouse must include all of your income, exemptions, and deductions on your joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Accounting period. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Both of you must use the same accounting period, but you can use different accounting methods. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Joint responsibility. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Both of you may be held responsible, jointly and individually, for the tax and any interest or penalty due on your joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This means that if one spouse does not pay the tax due, the other may have to. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Or, if one spouse does not report the correct tax, both spouses may be responsible for any additional taxes assessed by the IRS. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com One spouse may be held responsible for all the tax due even if all the income was earned by the other spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   You may want to file separately if: You believe your spouse is not reporting all of his or her income, or You do not want to be responsible for any taxes due if your spouse does not have enough tax withheld or does not pay enough estimated tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Divorced taxpayer. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may be held jointly and individually responsible for any tax, interest, and penalties due on a joint return filed before your divorce. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This responsibility may apply even if your divorce decree states that your former spouse will be responsible for any amounts due on previously filed joint returns. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Relief from joint responsibility. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    In some cases, one spouse may be relieved of joint responsibility for tax, interest, and penalties on a joint return for items of the other spouse that were incorrectly reported on the joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can ask for relief no matter how small the liability. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   There are three types of relief available. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Innocent spouse relief. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Separation of liability (available only to joint filers who are divorced, widowed, legally separated, or who have not lived together for the 12 months ending on the date the election for this relief is filed). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Equitable relief. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You must file Form 8857, Request for Innocent Spouse Relief, to request relief from joint responsibility. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Publication 971, Innocent Spouse Relief, explains the kinds of relief and who may qualify for them. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Signing a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    For a return to be considered a joint return, both spouses generally must sign the return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Spouse died before signing. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your spouse died before signing the return, the executor or administrator must sign the return for your spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If neither you nor anyone else has been appointed as executor or administrator, you can sign the return for your spouse and enter “Filing as surviving spouse” in the area where you sign the return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Spouse away from home. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your spouse is away from home, you should prepare the return, sign it, and send it to your spouse to sign so it can be filed on time. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Injury or disease prevents signing. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your spouse cannot sign because of injury or disease and tells you to sign for him or her, you can sign your spouse's name in the proper space on the return followed by the words “By (your name), Husband (or Wife). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ” Be sure to also sign in the space provided for your signature. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Attach a dated statement, signed by you, to the return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The statement should include the form number of the return you are filing, the tax year, and the reason your spouse cannot sign, and should state that your spouse has agreed to your signing for him or her. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Signing as guardian of spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are the guardian of your spouse who is mentally incompetent, you can sign the return for your spouse as guardian. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Spouse in combat zone. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You can sign a joint return for your spouse if your spouse cannot sign because he or she is serving in a combat zone (such as the Persian Gulf area, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, or Afghanistan), even if you do not have a power of attorney or other statement. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Attach a signed statement to your return explaining that your spouse is serving in a combat zone. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For more information on special tax rules for persons who are serving in a combat zone, or who are in missing status as a result of serving in a combat zone, see Publication 3, Armed Forces' Tax Guide. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Other reasons spouse cannot sign. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your spouse cannot sign the joint return for any other reason, you can sign for your spouse only if you are given a valid power of attorney (a legal document giving you permission to act for your spouse). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Attach the power of attorney (or a copy of it) to your tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can use Form 2848. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Nonresident alien or dual-status alien. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Generally, a married couple cannot file a joint return if either one is a nonresident alien at any time during the tax year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, if one spouse was a nonresident alien or dual-status alien who was married to a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com citizen or resident alien at the end of the year, the spouses can choose to file a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you do file a joint return, you and your spouse are both treated as U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com residents for the entire tax year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See chapter 1 of Publication 519. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Married Filing Separately You can choose married filing separately as your filing status if you are married. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This filing status may benefit you if you want to be responsible only for your own tax or if it results in less tax than filing a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you and your spouse do not agree to file a joint return, you must use this filing status unless you qualify for head of household status, discussed later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You may be able to choose head of household filing status if you are considered unmarried because you live apart from your spouse and meet certain tests (explained later, under Head of Household ). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This can apply to you even if you are not divorced or legally separated. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you qualify to file as head of household, instead of as married filing separately, your tax may be lower, you may be able to claim the earned income credit and certain other credits, and your standard deduction will be higher. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The head of household filing status allows you to choose the standard deduction even if your spouse chooses to itemize deductions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Head of Household , later, for more information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You will generally pay more combined tax on separate returns than you would on a joint return for the reasons listed under Special Rules, later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, unless you are required to file separately, you should figure your tax both ways (on a joint return and on separate returns). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This way you can make sure you are using the filing status that results in the lowest combined tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com When figuring the combined tax of a married couple, you may want to consider state taxes as well as federal taxes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com How to file. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file a separate return, you generally report only your own income, exemptions, credits, and deductions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can claim an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse had no gross income, is not filing a return, and was not the dependent of another person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   You can file Form 1040. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If your taxable income is less than $100,000, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Select this filing status by checking the box on line 3 of either form. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Enter your spouse's full name and SSN or ITIN in the spaces provided. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If your spouse does not have and is not required to have an SSN or ITIN, enter “NRA” in the space for your spouse's SSN. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Use the Married filing separately column of the Tax Table or Section C of the Tax Computation Worksheet to figure your tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Special Rules If you choose married filing separately as your filing status, the following special rules apply. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Because of these special rules, you usually pay more tax on a separate return than if you use another filing status you qualify for. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your tax rate generally is higher than on a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your exemption amount for figuring the alternative minimum tax is half that allowed on a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot take the credit for child and dependent care expenses in most cases, and the amount you can exclude from income under an employer's dependent care assistance program is limited to $2,500 (instead of $5,000 on a joint return). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are legally separated or living apart from your spouse, you may be able to file a separate return and still take the credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Joint Return Test in Publication 503, Child and Dependent Care Expenses, for more information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot take the earned income credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot take the exclusion or credit for adoption expenses in most cases. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot take the education credits (the American opportunity credit and lifetime learning credit), the deduction for student loan interest, or the tuition and fees deduction. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot exclude any interest income from qualified U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com savings bonds you used for higher education expenses. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you lived with your spouse at any time during the tax year: You cannot claim the credit for the elderly or the disabled, and You must include in income a greater percentage (up to 85%) of any social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits you received. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The following credits and deductions are reduced at income levels half those for a joint return: The child tax credit, The retirement savings contributions credit, The deduction for personal exemptions, and Itemized deductions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your capital loss deduction limit is $1,500 (instead of $3,000 on a joint return). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If your spouse itemizes deductions, you cannot claim the standard deduction. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you can claim the standard deduction, your basic standard deduction is half the amount allowed on a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Adjusted gross income (AGI) limits. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your AGI on a separate return is lower than it would have been on a joint return, you may be able to deduct a larger amount for certain deductions that are limited by AGI, such as medical expenses. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may not be able to deduct all or part of your contributions to a traditional IRA if you or your spouse were covered by an employee retirement plan at work during the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your deduction is reduced or eliminated if your income is more than a certain amount. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This amount is much lower for married individuals who file separately and lived together at any time during the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For more information, see How Much Can You Deduct? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Rental activity losses. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you actively participated in a passive rental real estate activity that produced a loss, you generally can deduct the loss from your nonpassive income up to $25,000. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This is called a special allowance. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, married persons filing separate returns who lived together at any time during the year cannot claim this special allowance. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Married persons filing separate returns who lived apart at all times during the year are each allowed a $12,500 maximum special allowance for losses from passive real estate activities. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Rental Activities in Publication 925, Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Community property states. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you live in Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, or Wisconsin and file separately, your income may be considered separate income or community income for income tax purposes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Publication 555, Community Property. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Joint Return After Separate Returns You can change your filing status from a separate return to a joint return by filing an amended return using Form 1040X. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You generally can change to a joint return any time within 3 years from the due date of the separate return or returns. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This does not include any extensions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com A separate return includes a return filed by you or your spouse claiming married filing separately, single, or head of household filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Separate Returns After Joint Return Once you file a joint return, you cannot choose to file separate returns for that year after the due date of the return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Exception. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    A personal representative for a decedent can change from a joint return elected by the surviving spouse to a separate return for the decedent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The personal representative has 1 year from the due date (including extensions) of the return to make the change. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Publication 559 for more information on filing income tax returns for a decedent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Head of Household You may be able to file as head of household if you meet all the following requirements. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are unmarried or considered unmarried on the last day of the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Marital Status , earlier, and Considered Unmarried , later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You paid more than half the cost of keeping up a home for the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com A qualifying person lived with you in the home for more than half the year (except for temporary absences, such as school). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, if the qualifying person is your dependent parent, he or she does not have to live with you. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Special rule for parent , later, under Qualifying Person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you qualify to file as head of household, your tax rate usually will be lower than the rates for single or married filing separately. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You will also receive a higher standard deduction than if you file as single or married filing separately. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com How to file. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file as head of household, you can use Form 1040. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you have taxable income of less than $100,000 and meet certain other conditions, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Indicate your choice of this filing status by checking the box on line 4 of either form. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Use the Head of a household column of the Tax Table or Section D of the Tax Computation Worksheet to figure your tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Considered Unmarried To qualify for head of household status, you must be either unmarried or considered unmarried on the last day of the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are considered unmarried on the last day of the tax year if you meet all the following tests. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You file a separate return (defined earlier under Joint Return After Separate Returns ). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You paid more than half the cost of keeping up your home for the tax year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your spouse did not live in your home during the last 6 months of the tax year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your spouse is considered to live in your home even if he or she is temporarily absent due to special circumstances. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Temporary absences , later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your home was the main home of your child, stepchild, or foster child for more than half the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com (See Home of qualifying person , later, for rules applying to a child's birth, death, or temporary absence during the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com ) You must be able to claim an exemption for the child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, you meet this test if you cannot claim the exemption only because the noncustodial parent can claim the child using the rules described later in Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) under Qualifying Child or in Support Test for Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) under Qualifying Relative. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The general rules for claiming an exemption for a dependent are explained later under Exemptions for Dependents . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you were considered married for part of the year and lived in a community property state (listed earlier under Married Filing Separately), special rules may apply in determining your income and expenses. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Publication 555 for more information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Nonresident alien spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You are considered unmarried for head of household purposes if your spouse was a nonresident alien at any time during the year and you do not choose to treat your nonresident spouse as a resident alien. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, your spouse is not a qualifying person for head of household purposes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must have another qualifying person and meet the other tests to be eligible to file as a head of household. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Choice to treat spouse as resident. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You are considered married if you choose to treat your spouse as a resident alien. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See chapter 1 of Publication 519. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Keeping Up a Home To qualify for head of household status, you must pay more than half of the cost of keeping up a home for the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can determine whether you paid more than half of the cost of keeping up a home by using Worksheet 1. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Worksheet 1. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Cost of Keeping Up a Home         Amount You  Paid Total  Cost Property taxes $ $ Mortgage interest expense     Rent     Utility charges     Repairs/maintenance     Property insurance     Food consumed on the premises     Other household expenses     Totals $ $       Minus total amount you paid   ()       Amount others paid   $       If the total amount you paid is more than the amount others paid, you meet the requirement of paying more than half the cost of keeping up the home. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Costs you include. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Include in the cost of keeping up a home expenses such as rent, mortgage interest, real estate taxes, insurance on the home, repairs, utilities, and food eaten in the home. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   If you used payments you received under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) or other public assistance programs to pay part of the cost of keeping up your home, you cannot count them as money you paid. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, you must include them in the total cost of keeping up your home to figure if you paid over half the cost. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Costs you do not include. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Do not include the cost of clothing, education, medical treatment, vacations, life insurance, or transportation. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Also, do not include the rental value of a home you own or the value of your services or those of a member of your household. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Qualifying Person See Table 4 to see who is a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Any person not described in Table 4 is not a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example 1—child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your unmarried son lived with you all year and was 18 years old at the end of the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com He did not provide more than half of his own support and does not meet the tests to be a qualifying child of anyone else. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com As a result, he is your qualifying child (see Qualifying Child , later) and, because he is single, your qualifying person for head of household purposes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example 2—child who is not qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your son was 25 years old at the end of the year and his gross income was $5,000. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Because he does not meet the age test (explained later under Qualifying Child), your son is not your qualifying child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Because he does not meet the gross income test (explained later under Qualifying Relative), he is not your qualifying relative. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com As a result, he is not your qualifying person for head of household purposes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example 3—girlfriend. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your girlfriend lived with you all year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Even though she may be your qualifying relative if the gross income and support tests (explained later) are met, she is not your qualifying person for head of household purposes because she is not related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Table 4. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example 4—girlfriend's child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The facts are the same as in Example 3 except your girlfriend's 10-year-old son also lived with you all year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com He is not your qualifying child and, because he is your girlfriend's qualifying child, he is not your qualifying relative (see Not a Qualifying Child Test , later). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com As a result, he is not your qualifying person for head of household purposes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Home of qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Generally, the qualifying person must live with you for more than half of the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Special rule for parent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your qualifying person is your father or mother, you may be eligible to file as head of household even if your father or mother does not live with you. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, you must be able to claim an exemption for your father or mother. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Also, you must pay more than half the cost of keeping up a home that was the main home for the entire year for your father or mother. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   You are keeping up a main home for your father or mother if you pay more than half the cost of keeping your parent in a rest home or home for the elderly. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Death or birth. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may be eligible to file as head of household even if the qualifying person who qualifies you for this filing status is born or dies during the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com To qualify you for head of household filing status, the qualifying person (as defined in Table 4) must be one of the following. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your qualifying child or qualifying relative who lived with you for more than half the part of the year he or she was alive. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your parent for whom you paid, for the entire part of the year he or she was alive, more than half the cost of keeping up the home he or she lived in. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You are unmarried. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your mother, for whom you can claim an exemption, lived in an apartment by herself. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com She died on September 2. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The cost of the upkeep of her apartment for the year until her death was $6,000. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You paid $4,000 and your brother paid $2,000. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your brother made no other payments towards your mother's support. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your mother had no income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Because you paid more than half of the cost of keeping up your mother's apartment from January 1 until her death, and you can claim an exemption for her, you can file as a head of household. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Temporary absences. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You and your qualifying person are considered to live together even if one or both of you are temporarily absent from your home due to special circumstances such as illness, education, business, vacation, or military service. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It must be reasonable to assume the absent person will return to the home after the temporary absence. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must continue to keep up the home during the absence. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Kidnapped child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may be eligible to file as head of household even if the child who is your qualifying person has been kidnapped. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can claim head of household filing status if all the following statements are true. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The child is presumed by law enforcement authorities to have been kidnapped by someone who is not a member of your family or the child's family. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com In the year of the kidnapping, the child lived with you for more than half the part of the year before the kidnapping. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You would have qualified for head of household filing status if the child had not been kidnapped. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   This treatment applies for all years until the earliest of: The year the child is returned, The year there is a determination that the child is dead, or The year the child would have reached age 18. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child If your spouse died in 2013, you can use married filing jointly as your filing status for 2013 if you otherwise qualify to use that status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The year of death is the last year for which you can file jointly with your deceased spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Married Filing Jointly , earlier. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You may be eligible to use qualifying widow(er) with dependent child as your filing status for 2 years following the year your spouse died. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For example, if your spouse died in 2012 and you have not remarried, you may be able to use this filing status for 2013 and 2014. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The rules for using this filing status are explained in detail here. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This filing status entitles you to use joint return tax rates and the highest standard deduction amount (if you do not itemize deductions). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It does not entitle you to file a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com How to file. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, you can use Form 1040. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you also have taxable income of less than $100,000 and meet certain other conditions, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Check the box on line 5 of either form. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Use the Married filing jointly column of the Tax Table or Section B of the Tax Computation Worksheet to figure your tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Table 4. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Who Is a Qualifying Person Qualifying You To File as Head of Household?1 See the text of this publication for the other requirements you must meet to claim head of household filing status. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com IF the person is your . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   AND . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   THEN that person is . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com qualifying child (such as a son, daughter, or grandchild who lived with you more than half the year and meets certain other tests)2   he or she is single   a qualifying person, whether or not you can claim an exemption for the person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   he or she is married and you can claim an exemption for him or her   a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   he or she is married and you cannot claim an exemption for him or her   not a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 3 qualifying relative4 who is your father or mother   you can claim an exemption for him or her5   a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 6   you cannot claim an exemption for him or her   not a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com qualifying relative4 other than your father or mother (such as a grandparent, brother, or sister who meets certain tests). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   he or she lived with you more than half the year, and he or she is related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , later, and you can claim an exemption for him or her5   a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   he or she did not live with you more than half the year   not a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   he or she is not related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , later, and is your qualifying relative only because he or she lived with you all year as a member of your household   not a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   you cannot claim an exemption for him or her   not a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 1 A person cannot qualify more than one taxpayer to use the head of household filing status for the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 2 The term “qualifying child” is defined under Exemptions for Dependents, later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Note: If you are a noncustodial parent, the term “qualifying child” for head of household filing status does not include a child who is your qualifying child for exemption purposes only because of the rules described under Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) under Qualifying Child, later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are the custodial parent and those rules apply, the child generally is your qualifying child for head of household filing status even though the child is not a qualifying child for whom you can claim an exemption. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 3 This person is a qualifying person if the only reason you cannot claim the exemption is that you can be claimed as a dependent on someone else's return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 4 The term “qualifying relative” is defined under Exemptions for Dependents, later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 5 If you can claim an exemption for a person only because of a multiple support agreement, that person is not a qualifying person. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Multiple Support Agreement . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 6 See Special rule for parent . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Eligibility rules. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You are eligible to file your 2013 return as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child if you meet all the following tests. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You were entitled to file a joint return with your spouse for the year your spouse died. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It does not matter whether you actually filed a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your spouse died in 2011 or 2012 and you did not remarry before the end of 2013. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You have a child or stepchild for whom you can claim an exemption. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This does not include a foster child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This child lived in your home all year, except for temporary absences. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Temporary absences , earlier, under Head of Household. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com There are also exceptions, described later, for a child who was born or died during the year and for a kidnapped child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You paid more than half the cost of keeping up a home for the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Keeping Up a Home , earlier, under Head of Household. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com John's wife died in 2011. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com John has not remarried. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com He has continued during 2012 and 2013 to keep up a home for himself and his child, who lives with him and for whom he can claim an exemption. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For 2011 he was entitled to file a joint return for himself and his deceased wife. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For 2012 and 2013, he can file as a qualifying widower with a dependent child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com After 2013, he can file as head of household if he qualifies. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Death or birth. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may be eligible to file as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child if the child who qualifies you for this filing status is born or dies during the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You must have provided more than half of the cost of keeping up a home that was the child's main home during the entire part of the year he or she was alive. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Kidnapped child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may be eligible to file as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child even if the child who qualifies you for this filing status has been kidnapped. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can claim qualifying widow(er) with dependent child filing status if all the following statements are true. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The child is presumed by law enforcement authorities to have been kidnapped by someone who is not a member of your family or the child's family. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com In the year of the kidnapping, the child lived with you for more than half the part of the year before the kidnapping. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You would have qualified for qualifying widow(er) with dependent child filing status if the child had not been kidnapped. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com As mentioned earlier, this filing status is available for only 2 years following the year your spouse died. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Exemptions Exemptions reduce your taxable income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can deduct $3,900 for each exemption you claim in 2013. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are entitled to two exemptions for 2013, you can deduct $7,800 ($3,900 × 2). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com But you may lose the benefit of part or all of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is above a certain amount. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Types of exemptions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    There are two types of exemptions you may be able to take: Personal exemptions for yourself and your spouse, and Exemptions for dependents (dependency exemptions). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com While each is worth the same amount ($3,900 for 2013), different rules, discussed later, apply to each type. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Dependent cannot claim a personal exemption. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are entitled to claim an exemption for a dependent (such as your child), that dependent cannot claim a personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com How to claim exemptions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    How you claim an exemption on your tax return depends on which form you file. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Form 1040EZ filers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file Form 1040EZ, the exemption amount is combined with the standard deduction and entered on line 5. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Form 1040A filers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file Form 1040A, complete lines 6a through 6d. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Also complete line 26. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Form 1040 filers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file Form 1040, complete lines 6a through 6d. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Also complete line 42. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If your adjusted gross income is more than $150,000, see Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com citizen or resident alien. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you are a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com citizen, U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com resident alien, U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com national (defined later) or a resident of Canada or Mexico, you may qualify for any of the exemptions discussed here. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Nonresident aliens. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    Generally, if you are a nonresident alien (other than a resident of Canada or Mexico, or certain residents of India or Korea), you can qualify for only one personal exemption for yourself. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot claim exemptions for a spouse or dependents. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   These restrictions do not apply if you are a nonresident alien married to a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com citizen or resident alien and have chosen to be treated as a resident of the United States. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com More information. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    For more information on exemptions if you are a nonresident alien, see chapter 5 in Publication 519. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Dual-status taxpayers. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you have been both a nonresident alien and a resident alien in the same tax year, you should see Publication 519 for information on determining your exemptions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Personal Exemptions You are generally allowed one exemption for yourself. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are married, you may be allowed one exemption for your spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com These are called personal exemptions. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your Own Exemption You can take one exemption for yourself unless you can be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If another taxpayer is entitled to claim you as a dependent, you cannot take an exemption for yourself even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim you as a dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your Spouse's Exemption Your spouse is never considered your dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    On a joint return, you can claim one exemption for yourself and one for your spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Separate return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you file a separate return, you can claim an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse had no gross income, is not filing a return, and was not the dependent of another taxpayer. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This is true even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim your spouse as a dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can claim an exemption for your spouse even if he or she is a nonresident alien; in that case, your spouse must have no gross income for U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com tax purposes and satisfy the other conditions listed above. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Head of household. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you qualify for head of household filing status because you are considered unmarried, you can claim an exemption for your spouse if the conditions described in the preceding paragraph are satisfied. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   To claim the exemption for your spouse, check the box on line 6b of Form 1040 or Form 1040A and enter the name of your spouse in the space to the right of the box. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Enter the SSN or ITIN of your spouse in the space provided at the top of Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Death of spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If your spouse died during the year and you file a joint return for yourself and your deceased spouse, you generally can claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just explained in Joint return . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you file a separate return for the year, you may be able to claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just described in Separate return . Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   If you remarried during the year, you cannot take an exemption for your deceased spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   If you are a surviving spouse without gross income and you remarry in the year your spouse died, you can be claimed as an exemption on both the final separate return of your deceased spouse and the separate return of your new spouse for that year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you file a joint return with your new spouse, you can be claimed as an exemption only on that return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Divorced or separated spouse. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If you obtained a final decree of divorce or separate maintenance during the year, you cannot take your former spouse's exemption. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This rule applies even if you provided all of your former spouse's support. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Exemptions for Dependents You are allowed one exemption for each person you can claim as a dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can claim an exemption for a dependent even if your dependent files a return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The term “dependent” means: A qualifying child, or A qualifying relative. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The terms “ qualifying child ” and “ qualifying relative ” are defined later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can claim an exemption for a qualifying child or qualifying relative only if these three tests are met. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Dependent taxpayer test. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Joint return test. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Citizen or resident test. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com These three tests are explained in detail later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com All the requirements for claiming an exemption for a dependent are summarized in Table 5. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Table 5. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent This table is only an overview of the rules. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For details, see the rest of this publication. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot claim any dependents if you, or your spouse if filing jointly, could be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   You cannot claim a married person who files a joint return as a dependent unless that joint return is filed only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com citizen, U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com resident alien, U. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com S. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 1  You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   Tests To Be a Qualifying Child Tests To Be a Qualifying Relative The child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   The child must be (a) under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse if filing jointly), (b) under age 24 at the end of the year, a student, and younger than you (or your spouse if filing jointly), or (c) any age if permanently and totally disabled. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   The child must have lived with you for more than half of the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 2  The child must not have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   The child is not filing a joint return for the year (unless that joint return is filed only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com  If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com See the Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person described later to find out which person is the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The person cannot be your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   The person either (a) must be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , or (b) must live with you all year as a member of your household2 (and your relationship must not violate local law). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com   The person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 3  You must provide more than half of the person's total support for the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 4  1 There is an exception for certain adopted children. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 2 There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 3 There is an exception if the person is disabled and has income from a sheltered workshop. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com 4 There are exceptions for multiple support agreements, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Dependent not allowed a personal exemption. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you can claim an exemption for your dependent, the dependent cannot claim his or her own personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com This is true even if you do not claim the dependent's exemption on your return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com It is also true if the dependent's exemption on your return is reduced or eliminated under the phaseout rule described under Phaseout of Exemptions, later. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Housekeepers, maids, or servants. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    If these people work for you, you cannot claim exemptions for them. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Child tax credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You may be entitled to a child tax credit for each qualifying child who was under age 17 at the end of the year if you claimed an exemption for that child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com For more information, see the instructions for the tax form you file (Form 1040 or 1040A). Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Dependent Taxpayer Test If you can be claimed as a dependent by another person, you cannot claim anyone else as a dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Even if you have a qualifying child or qualifying relative, you cannot claim that person as a dependent. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com If you are filing a joint return and your spouse can be claimed as a dependent by someone else, you and your spouse cannot claim any dependents on your joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Joint Return Test You generally cannot claim a married person as a dependent if he or she files a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Exception. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com    You can claim an exemption for a person who files a joint return if that person and his or her spouse file the joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example 1—child files joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com He earned $25,000 for the year. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The couple files a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You cannot take an exemption for your daughter. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example 2—child files joint return only as claim for refund of withheld tax. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Neither is required to file a tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com They do not have a child. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Taxes were taken out of their pay so they file a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The exception to the joint return test applies, so you are not disqualified from claiming an exemption for each of them just because they file a joint return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com You can claim exemptions for each of them if all the other tests to do so are met. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com He and his wife are not required to file a tax return. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. Www onlinetaxes h&rblock com Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income