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Www irs gov formspubs 5. Www irs gov formspubs   How To Get Tax Help Table of Contents Low Income Taxpayer Clinics Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. Www irs gov formspubs Free help with your tax return. Www irs gov formspubs   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. Www irs gov formspubs The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. Www irs gov formspubs The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Www irs gov formspubs Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. Www irs gov formspubs In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. Www irs gov formspubs To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. Www irs gov formspubs   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. Www irs gov formspubs To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. Www irs gov formspubs aarp. Www irs gov formspubs org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. Www irs gov formspubs For more information on these programs, go to IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. Www irs gov formspubs Internet. Www irs gov formspubs    IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Www irs gov formspubs Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Www irs gov formspubs Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. Www irs gov formspubs Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. Www irs gov formspubs The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Www irs gov formspubs Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. Www irs gov formspubs You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Www irs gov formspubs The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Www irs gov formspubs Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. Www irs gov formspubs No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. Www irs gov formspubs The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. Www irs gov formspubs When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. Www irs gov formspubs New subject areas are added on a regular basis. Www irs gov formspubs  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. Www irs gov formspubs You can use the IRS Tax Map, to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. Www irs gov formspubs The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. Www irs gov formspubs When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. Www irs gov formspubs Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. Www irs gov formspubs You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. Www irs gov formspubs Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. Www irs gov formspubs Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. Www irs gov formspubs Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. Www irs gov formspubs Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. Www irs gov formspubs If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. Www irs gov formspubs Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. Www irs gov formspubs You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Www irs gov formspubs It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Www irs gov formspubs Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov. Www irs gov formspubs Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov for more information. Www irs gov formspubs Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. Www irs gov formspubs Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov. Www irs gov formspubs Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. Www irs gov formspubs Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov. Www irs gov formspubs Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. Www irs gov formspubs Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. Www irs gov formspubs Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. Www irs gov formspubs An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Www irs gov formspubs Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. Www irs gov formspubs If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. Www irs gov formspubs Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. Www irs gov formspubs Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). Www irs gov formspubs Go to IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. Www irs gov formspubs Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. Www irs gov formspubs Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. Www irs gov formspubs Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. Www irs gov formspubs Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and choose from a variety of options. Www irs gov formspubs Phone. Www irs gov formspubs    You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. Www irs gov formspubs Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Www irs gov formspubs Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov, or download the IRS2Go app. Www irs gov formspubs Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Www irs gov formspubs The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Www irs gov formspubs Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. Www irs gov formspubs Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. Www irs gov formspubs Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. Www irs gov formspubs Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. Www irs gov formspubs If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. Www irs gov formspubs The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Www irs gov formspubs Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Www irs gov formspubs Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. Www irs gov formspubs The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Www irs gov formspubs Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. Www irs gov formspubs Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. Www irs gov formspubs Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. Www irs gov formspubs You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Www irs gov formspubs It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Www irs gov formspubs Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). Www irs gov formspubs You should receive your order within 10 business days. Www irs gov formspubs Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. Www irs gov formspubs If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. Www irs gov formspubs Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. Www irs gov formspubs The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. Www irs gov formspubs These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. Www irs gov formspubs Walk-in. Www irs gov formspubs   You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in-person. Www irs gov formspubs Products. Www irs gov formspubs You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. Www irs gov formspubs Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. Www irs gov formspubs Services. Www irs gov formspubs You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. Www irs gov formspubs An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Www irs gov formspubs Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. Www irs gov formspubs Mail. Www irs gov formspubs   You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. Www irs gov formspubs You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. Www irs gov formspubs Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Www irs gov formspubs Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. Www irs gov formspubs The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. Www irs gov formspubs Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. Www irs gov formspubs   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. Www irs gov formspubs We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. Www irs gov formspubs You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. Www irs gov formspubs You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. Www irs gov formspubs   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. Www irs gov formspubs Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. Www irs gov formspubs Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. Www irs gov formspubs Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. Www irs gov formspubs We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Www irs gov formspubs   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. Www irs gov formspubs   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. Www irs gov formspubs If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. Www irs gov formspubs Low Income Taxpayer Clinics Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals and tax collection disputes. Www irs gov formspubs Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. Www irs gov formspubs Visit Taxpayer Advocate or see IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. Www irs gov formspubs Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Www irs gov formspubs Publication 15 - Main Content Table of Contents 1. Www irs gov formspubs Employer Identification Number (EIN) 2. Www irs gov formspubs Who Are Employees?Relief provisions. Www irs gov formspubs Business Owned and Operated by Spouses 3. Www irs gov formspubs Family Employees 4. Www irs gov formspubs Employee's Social Security Number (SSN)Registering for SSNVS. Www irs gov formspubs 5. Www irs gov formspubs Wages and Other CompensationAccountable plan. Www irs gov formspubs Nonaccountable plan. Www irs gov formspubs Per diem or other fixed allowance. Www irs gov formspubs 50% test. Www irs gov formspubs Health Savings Accounts and medical savings accounts. Www irs gov formspubs Nontaxable fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs When fringe benefits are treated as paid. Www irs gov formspubs Valuation of fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding on fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs Depositing taxes on fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs 6. Www irs gov formspubs TipsOrdering rule. Www irs gov formspubs 7. Www irs gov formspubs Supplemental Wages 8. Www irs gov formspubs Payroll Period 9. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding From Employees' WagesIncome Tax Withholding Social Security and Medicare Taxes Part-Time Workers 10. Www irs gov formspubs Required Notice to Employees About the Earned Income Credit (EIC) 11. Www irs gov formspubs Depositing TaxesWhen To Deposit How To Deposit Deposit Penalties 12. Www irs gov formspubs Filing Form 941 or Form 944 13. Www irs gov formspubs Reporting Adjustments to Form 941 or Form 944Current Period Adjustments Prior Period Adjustments Wage Repayments 14. Www irs gov formspubs Federal Unemployment (FUTA) TaxSuccessor employer. Www irs gov formspubs Household employees. Www irs gov formspubs When to deposit. Www irs gov formspubs Household employees. Www irs gov formspubs Electronic filing by reporting agents. Www irs gov formspubs 16. Www irs gov formspubs How To Use the Income Tax Withholding TablesWage Bracket Method Percentage Method Alternative Methods of Income Tax Withholding How To Get Tax Help 1. Www irs gov formspubs Employer Identification Number (EIN) If you are required to report employment taxes or give tax statements to employees or annuitants, you need an EIN. Www irs gov formspubs The EIN is a nine-digit number the IRS issues. Www irs gov formspubs The digits are arranged as follows: 00-0000000. Www irs gov formspubs It is used to identify the tax accounts of employers and certain others who have no employees. Www irs gov formspubs Use your EIN on all of the items you send to the IRS and SSA. Www irs gov formspubs For more information, see Publication 1635, Employer Identification Number: Understanding Your EIN. Www irs gov formspubs If you do not have an EIN, you may apply for one online. Www irs gov formspubs Go to the IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and click on the Apply for an EIN Online link under Tools. Www irs gov formspubs You may also apply for an EIN by calling 1-800-829-4933, or you can fax or mail Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number, to the IRS. Www irs gov formspubs Do not use an SSN in place of an EIN. Www irs gov formspubs You should have only one EIN. Www irs gov formspubs If you have more than one and are not sure which one to use, call 1-800-829-4933 or 1-800-829-4059 (TDD/TTY for persons who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability). Www irs gov formspubs Give the numbers you have, the name and address to which each was assigned, and the address of your main place of business. Www irs gov formspubs The IRS will tell you which number to use. Www irs gov formspubs If you took over another employer's business (see Successor employer in section 9), do not use that employer's EIN. Www irs gov formspubs If you have applied for an EIN but do not have your EIN by the time a return is due, file a paper return and write “Applied For” and the date you applied for it in the space shown for the number. Www irs gov formspubs 2. Www irs gov formspubs Who Are Employees? Generally, employees are defined either under common law or under statutes for certain situations. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-A for details on statutory employees and nonemployees. Www irs gov formspubs Employee status under common law. Www irs gov formspubs   Generally, a worker who performs services for you is your employee if you have the right to control what will be done and how it will be done. Www irs gov formspubs This is so even when you give the employee freedom of action. Www irs gov formspubs What matters is that you have the right to control the details of how the services are performed. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-A for more information on how to determine whether an individual providing services is an independent contractor or an employee. Www irs gov formspubs   Generally, people in business for themselves are not employees. Www irs gov formspubs For example, doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, and others in an independent trade in which they offer their services to the public are usually not employees. Www irs gov formspubs However, if the business is incorporated, corporate officers who work in the business are employees of the corporation. Www irs gov formspubs   If an employer-employee relationship exists, it does not matter what it is called. Www irs gov formspubs The employee may be called an agent or independent contractor. Www irs gov formspubs It also does not matter how payments are measured or paid, what they are called, or if the employee works full or part time. Www irs gov formspubs Statutory employees. Www irs gov formspubs   If someone who works for you is not an employee under the common law rules discussed earlier, do not withhold federal income tax from his or her pay, unless backup withholding applies. Www irs gov formspubs Although the following persons may not be common law employees, they are considered employees by statute for social security, Medicare, and FUTA tax purposes under certain conditions. Www irs gov formspubs An agent (or commission) driver who delivers food, beverages (other than milk), laundry, or dry cleaning for someone else. Www irs gov formspubs A full-time life insurance salesperson who sells primarily for one company. Www irs gov formspubs A homeworker who works by guidelines of the person for whom the work is done, with materials furnished by and returned to that person or to someone that person designates. Www irs gov formspubs A traveling or city salesperson (other than an agent-driver or commission-driver) who works full time (except for sideline sales activities) for one firm or person getting orders from customers. Www irs gov formspubs The orders must be for merchandise for resale or supplies for use in the customer's business. Www irs gov formspubs The customers must be retailers, wholesalers, contractors, or operators of hotels, restaurants, or other businesses dealing with food or lodging. Www irs gov formspubs    Statutory nonemployees. Www irs gov formspubs   Direct sellers, qualified real estate agents, and certain companion sitters are, by law, considered nonemployees. Www irs gov formspubs They are generally treated as self-employed for all federal tax purposes, including income and employment taxes. Www irs gov formspubs H-2A agricultural workers. Www irs gov formspubs   On Form W-2, do not check box 13 (Statutory employee), as H-2A workers are not statutory employees. Www irs gov formspubs Treating employees as nonemployees. Www irs gov formspubs   You will generally be liable for social security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax if you do not deduct and withhold these taxes because you treated an employee as a nonemployee. Www irs gov formspubs You may be able to calculate your liability using special section 3509 rates for the employee share of social security and Medicare taxes and the federal income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs The applicable rates depend on whether you filed required Forms 1099. Www irs gov formspubs You cannot recover the employee share of social security, or Medicare tax, or income tax withholding from the employee if the tax is paid under section 3509. Www irs gov formspubs You are liable for the income tax withholding regardless of whether the employee paid income tax on the wages. Www irs gov formspubs You continue to owe the full employer share of social security and Medicare taxes. Www irs gov formspubs The employee remains liable for the employee share of social security and Medicare taxes. Www irs gov formspubs See Internal Revenue Code section 3509 for details. Www irs gov formspubs Also see the Instructions for Form 941-X. Www irs gov formspubs   Section 3509 rates are not available if you intentionally disregard the requirement to withhold taxes from the employee or if you withheld income taxes but not social security or Medicare taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Section 3509 is not available for reclassifying statutory employees. Www irs gov formspubs See Statutory employees , earlier in this section. Www irs gov formspubs   If the employer issued required information returns, the section 3509 rates are: For social security taxes; employer rate of 6. Www irs gov formspubs 2% plus 20% of the employee rate (see the Instructions for Form 941-X). Www irs gov formspubs For Medicare taxes; employer rate of 1. Www irs gov formspubs 45% plus 20% of the employee rate of 1. Www irs gov formspubs 45%, for a total rate of 1. Www irs gov formspubs 74% of wages. Www irs gov formspubs For Additional Medicare Tax; 0. Www irs gov formspubs 18% (20% of the employee rate of 0. Www irs gov formspubs 9%) of wages subject to Additional Medicare Tax. Www irs gov formspubs For income tax withholding, the rate is 1. Www irs gov formspubs 5% of wages. Www irs gov formspubs   If the employer did not issue required information returns, the section 3509 rates are: For social security taxes; employer rate of 6. Www irs gov formspubs 2% plus 40% of the employee rate (see the Instructions for Form 941-X). Www irs gov formspubs For Medicare taxes; employer rate of 1. Www irs gov formspubs 45% plus 40% of the employee rate of 1. Www irs gov formspubs 45%, for a total rate of 2. Www irs gov formspubs 03% of wages. Www irs gov formspubs For Additional Medicare Tax; 0. Www irs gov formspubs 36% (40% of the employee rate of 0. Www irs gov formspubs 9%) of wages subject to Additional Medicare Tax. Www irs gov formspubs For income tax withholding, the rate is 3. Www irs gov formspubs 0% of wages. Www irs gov formspubs Relief provisions. Www irs gov formspubs   If you have a reasonable basis for not treating a worker as an employee, you may be relieved from having to pay employment taxes for that worker. Www irs gov formspubs To get this relief, you must file all required federal tax returns, including information returns, on a basis consistent with your treatment of the worker. Www irs gov formspubs You (or your predecessor) must not have treated any worker holding a substantially similar position as an employee for any periods beginning after 1977. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 1976, Do You Qualify for Relief Under Section 530. Www irs gov formspubs IRS help. Www irs gov formspubs   If you want the IRS to determine whether a worker is an employee, file Form SS-8, Determination of Worker Status for Purposes of Federal Employment Taxes and Income Tax Withholding. Www irs gov formspubs Voluntary Classification Settlement Program (VCSP). Www irs gov formspubs   Employers who are currently treating their workers (or a class or group of workers) as independent contractors or other nonemployees and want to voluntarily reclassify their workers as employees for future tax periods may be eligible to participate in the VCSP if certain requirements are met. Www irs gov formspubs To apply, use Form 8952, Application for Voluntary Classification Settlement Program (VCSP). Www irs gov formspubs For more information visit IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and enter “VCSP” in the search box. Www irs gov formspubs Business Owned and Operated by Spouses If you and your spouse jointly own and operate a business and share in the profits and losses, you are partners in a partnership, whether or not you have a formal partnership agreement. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 541, Partnerships, for more details. Www irs gov formspubs The partnership is considered the employer of any employees, and is liable for any employment taxes due on wages paid to its employees. Www irs gov formspubs Exception—Qualified joint venture. Www irs gov formspubs   For tax years beginning after December 31, 2006, the Small Business and Work Opportunity Tax Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-28) provides that a “qualified joint venture,” whose only members are spouses filing a joint income tax return, can elect not to be treated as a partnership for federal tax purposes. Www irs gov formspubs A qualified joint venture conducts a trade or business where: The only members of the joint venture are spouses who file a joint income tax return, Both spouses materially participate (see Material participation in the Instructions for Schedule C (Form 1040), line G) in the trade or business (mere joint ownership of property is not enough), Both spouses elect to not be treated as a partnership, and The business is co-owned by both spouses and is not held in the name of a state law entity such as a partnership or limited liability company (LLC). Www irs gov formspubs   To make the election, all items of income, gain, loss, deduction, and credit must be divided between the spouses, in accordance with each spouse's interest in the venture, and reported on separate Schedules C or F as sole proprietors. Www irs gov formspubs Each spouse must also file a separate Schedule SE to pay self-employment taxes, as applicable. Www irs gov formspubs   Spouses using the qualified joint venture rules are treated as sole proprietors for federal tax purposes and generally do not need an EIN. Www irs gov formspubs If employment taxes are owed by the qualified joint venture, either spouse may report and pay the employment taxes due on the wages paid to the employees using the EIN of that spouse's sole proprietorship. Www irs gov formspubs Generally, filing as a qualified joint venture will not increase the spouses' total tax owed on the joint income tax return. Www irs gov formspubs However, it gives each spouse credit for social security earnings on which retirement benefits are based and for Medicare coverage without filing a partnership return. Www irs gov formspubs    Note. Www irs gov formspubs If your spouse is your employee, not your partner, see One spouse employed by another in section 3. Www irs gov formspubs   For more information on qualified joint ventures, visit IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and enter “qualified joint venture” in the search box. Www irs gov formspubs Exception—Community income. Www irs gov formspubs   If you and your spouse wholly own an unincorporated business as community property under the community property laws of a state, foreign country, or U. Www irs gov formspubs S. Www irs gov formspubs possession, you can treat the business either as a sole proprietorship (of the spouse who carried on the business) or a partnership. Www irs gov formspubs You may still make an election to be taxed as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership. Www irs gov formspubs See Exception—Qualified joint venture , earlier. Www irs gov formspubs 3. Www irs gov formspubs Family Employees Child employed by parents. Www irs gov formspubs   Payments for the services of a child under age 18 who works for his or her parent in a trade or business are not subject to social security and Medicare taxes if the trade or business is a sole proprietorship or a partnership in which each partner is a parent of the child. Www irs gov formspubs If these payments are for work other than in a trade or business, such as domestic work in the parent's private home, they are not subject to social security and Medicare taxes until the child reaches age 21. Www irs gov formspubs However, see Covered services of a child or spouse , later in this section. Www irs gov formspubs Payments for the services of a child under age 21 who works for his or her parent, whether or not in a trade or business, are not subject to FUTA tax. Www irs gov formspubs Payments for the services of a child of any age who works for his or her parent are generally subject to income tax withholding unless the payments are for domestic work in the parent's home, or unless the payments are for work other than in a trade or business and are less than $50 in the quarter or the child is not regularly employed to do such work. Www irs gov formspubs One spouse employed by another. Www irs gov formspubs   The wages for the services of an individual who works for his or her spouse in a trade or business are subject to income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes, but not to FUTA tax. Www irs gov formspubs However, the payments for services of one spouse employed by another in other than a trade or business, such as domestic service in a private home, are not subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Covered services of a child or spouse. Www irs gov formspubs   The wages for the services of a child or spouse are subject to income tax withholding as well as social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes if he or she works for: A corporation, even if it is controlled by the child's parent or the individual's spouse; A partnership, even if the child's parent is a partner, unless each partner is a parent of the child; A partnership, even if the individual's spouse is a partner; or An estate, even if it is the estate of a deceased parent. Www irs gov formspubs Parent employed by son or daughter. Www irs gov formspubs   When the employer is a son or daughter employing his or her parent the following rules apply. Www irs gov formspubs Payments for the services of a parent in the son’s or daughter’s (the employer’s) trade or business are subject to income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Payments for the services of a parent not in the son’s or daughter’s (the employer’s) trade or business are generally not subject to social security and Medicare taxes. Www irs gov formspubs    Social security and Medicare taxes do apply to payments made to a parent for domestic services if all of the following apply: The parent is employed by his or her son or daughter; The son or daughter (the employer) has a child or stepchild living in the home; The son or daughter (the employer) is a widow or widower, divorced, or living with a spouse who, because of a mental or physical condition, cannot care for the child or stepchild for at least 4 continuous weeks in a calendar quarter; and The child or stepchild is either under age 18 or requires the personal care of an adult for at least 4 continuous weeks in a calendar quarter due to a mental or physical condition. Www irs gov formspubs   Payments made to a parent employed by his or her child are not subject to FUTA tax, regardless of the type of services provided. Www irs gov formspubs 4. Www irs gov formspubs Employee's Social Security Number (SSN) You are required to get each employee's name and SSN and to enter them on Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs This requirement also applies to resident and nonresident alien employees. Www irs gov formspubs You should ask your employee to show you his or her social security card. Www irs gov formspubs The employee may show the card if it is available. Www irs gov formspubs Do not accept a social security card that says “Not valid for employment. Www irs gov formspubs ” A social security number issued with this legend does not permit employment. Www irs gov formspubs You may, but are not required to, photocopy the social security card if the employee provides it. Www irs gov formspubs If you do not provide the correct employee name and SSN on Form W-2, you may owe a penalty unless you have reasonable cause. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 1586, Reasonable Cause Regulations & Requirements for Missing and Incorrect Name/TINs, for information on the requirement to solicit the employee's SSN. Www irs gov formspubs Applying for a social security card. Www irs gov formspubs   Any employee who is legally eligible to work in the United States and does not have a social security card can get one by completing Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card, and submitting the necessary documentation. Www irs gov formspubs You can get Form SS-5 at SSA offices, by calling 1-800-772-1213, or from the SSA website at www. Www irs gov formspubs socialsecurity. Www irs gov formspubs gov/online/ss-5. Www irs gov formspubs html. Www irs gov formspubs The employee must complete and sign Form SS-5; it cannot be filed by the employer. Www irs gov formspubs You may be asked to supply a letter to accompany Form SS-5 if the employee has exceeded his or her yearly or lifetime limit for the number of replacement cards allowed. Www irs gov formspubs Applying for a social security number. Www irs gov formspubs   If you file Form W-2 on paper and your employee applied for an SSN but does not have one when you must file Form W-2, enter “Applied For” on the form. Www irs gov formspubs If you are filing electronically, enter all zeros (000-00-000) in the social security number field. Www irs gov formspubs When the employee receives the SSN, file Copy A of Form W-2c, Corrected Wage and Tax Statement, with the SSA to show the employee's SSN. Www irs gov formspubs Furnish copies B, C, and 2 of Form W-2c to the employee. Www irs gov formspubs Up to 25 Forms W-2c for each Form W-3c, Transmittal of Corrected Wage and Tax Statements, may now be filed per session over the Internet, with no limit on the number of sessions. Www irs gov formspubs For more information, visit the SSA's Employer W-2 Filing Instructions & Information webpage at www. Www irs gov formspubs socialsecurity. Www irs gov formspubs gov/employer. Www irs gov formspubs Advise your employee to correct the SSN on his or her original Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs Correctly record the employee's name and SSN. Www irs gov formspubs   Record the name and number of each employee as they are shown on the employee's social security card. Www irs gov formspubs If the employee's name is not correct as shown on the card (for example, because of marriage or divorce), the employee should request a corrected card from the SSA. Www irs gov formspubs Continue to report the employee's wages under the old name until the employee shows you an updated social security card with the new name. Www irs gov formspubs If the SSA issues the employee a replacement card after a name change, or a new card with a different social security number after a change in alien work status, file a Form W-2c to correct the name/SSN reported for the most recently filed Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs It is not necessary to correct other years if the previous name and number were used for years before the most recent Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs IRS individual taxpayer identification numbers (ITINs) for aliens. Www irs gov formspubs   Do not accept an ITIN in place of an SSN for employee identification or for work. Www irs gov formspubs An ITIN is only available to resident and nonresident aliens who are not eligible for U. Www irs gov formspubs S. Www irs gov formspubs employment and need identification for other tax purposes. Www irs gov formspubs You can identify an ITIN because it is a nine-digit number, beginning with the number “9” with either a “7” or “8” as the fourth digit and is formatted like an SSN (for example, 9NN-7N-NNNN). Www irs gov formspubs    An individual with an ITIN who later becomes eligible to work in the United States must obtain an SSN. Www irs gov formspubs If the individual is currently eligible to work in the United States, instruct the individual to apply for an SSN and follow the instructions under Applying for a social security number, earlier. Www irs gov formspubs Do not use an ITIN in place of an SSN on Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs Verification of social security numbers. Www irs gov formspubs   Employers and authorized reporting agents can use the Social Security Number Verification Service (SSNVS) to instantly verify up to 10 names and SSNs (per screen) at a time, or submit an electronic file of up to 250,000 names and SSNs and usually receive the results the next business day. Www irs gov formspubs Visit www. Www irs gov formspubs socialsecurity. Www irs gov formspubs gov/employer/ssnv. Www irs gov formspubs htm for more information. Www irs gov formspubs Registering for SSNVS. Www irs gov formspubs   You must register online and receive authorization from your employer to use SSNVS. Www irs gov formspubs To register, visit SSA's website at www. Www irs gov formspubs ssa. Www irs gov formspubs gov/employer and click on the Business Services Online link. Www irs gov formspubs Follow the registration instructions to obtain a user identification (ID) and password. Www irs gov formspubs You will need to provide the following information about yourself and your company. Www irs gov formspubs Name. Www irs gov formspubs SSN. Www irs gov formspubs Date of birth. Www irs gov formspubs Type of employer. Www irs gov formspubs EIN. Www irs gov formspubs Company name, address, and telephone number. Www irs gov formspubs Email address. Www irs gov formspubs   When you have completed the online registration process, SSA will mail a one-time activation code to your employer. Www irs gov formspubs You must enter the activation code online to use SSNVS. Www irs gov formspubs 5. Www irs gov formspubs Wages and Other Compensation Wages subject to federal employment taxes generally include all pay you give to an employee for services performed. Www irs gov formspubs The pay may be in cash or in other forms. Www irs gov formspubs It includes salaries, vacation allowances, bonuses, commissions, and fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs It does not matter how you measure or make the payments. Www irs gov formspubs Amounts an employer pays as a bonus for signing or ratifying a contract in connection with the establishment of an employer-employee relationship and an amount paid to an employee for cancellation of an employment contract and relinquishment of contract rights are wages subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes and income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs Also, compensation paid to a former employee for services performed while still employed is wages subject to employment taxes. Www irs gov formspubs More information. Www irs gov formspubs   See section 6 for a discussion of tips and section 7 for a discussion of supplemental wages. Www irs gov formspubs Also, see section 15 for exceptions to the general rules for wages. Www irs gov formspubs Publication 15-A provides additional information on wages, including nonqualified deferred compensation, and other compensation. Www irs gov formspubs Publication 15-B provides information on other forms of compensation, including: Accident and health benefits, Achievement awards, Adoption assistance, Athletic facilities, De minimis (minimal) benefits, Dependent care assistance, Educational assistance, Employee discounts, Employee stock options, Employer-provided cell phones, Group-term life insurance coverage, Health Savings Accounts, Lodging on your business premises, Meals, Moving expense reimbursements, No-additional-cost services, Retirement planning services, Transportation (commuting) benefits, Tuition reduction, and Working condition benefits. Www irs gov formspubs Employee business expense reimbursements. Www irs gov formspubs   A reimbursement or allowance arrangement is a system by which you pay the advances, reimbursements, and charges for your employees' business expenses. Www irs gov formspubs How you report a reimbursement or allowance amount depends on whether you have an accountable or a nonaccountable plan. Www irs gov formspubs If a single payment includes both wages and an expense reimbursement, you must specify the amount of the reimbursement. Www irs gov formspubs   These rules apply to all ordinary and necessary employee business expenses that would otherwise qualify for a deduction by the employee. Www irs gov formspubs Accountable plan. Www irs gov formspubs   To be an accountable plan, your reimbursement or allowance arrangement must require your employees to meet all three of the following rules. Www irs gov formspubs They must have paid or incurred deductible expenses while performing services as your employees. Www irs gov formspubs The reimbursement or advance must be paid for the expense and must not be an amount that would have otherwise been paid by the employee. Www irs gov formspubs They must substantiate these expenses to you within a reasonable period of time. Www irs gov formspubs They must return any amounts in excess of substantiated expenses within a reasonable period of time. Www irs gov formspubs   Amounts paid under an accountable plan are not wages and are not subject to income, social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs   If the expenses covered by this arrangement are not substantiated (or amounts in excess of substantiated expenses are not returned within a reasonable period of time), the amount paid under the arrangement in excess of the substantiated expenses is treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan. Www irs gov formspubs This amount is subject to income, social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes for the first payroll period following the end of the reasonable period of time. Www irs gov formspubs   A reasonable period of time depends on the facts and circumstances. Www irs gov formspubs Generally, it is considered reasonable if your employees receive their advance within 30 days of the time they incur the expenses, adequately account for the expenses within 60 days after the expenses were paid or incurred, and return any amounts in excess of expenses within 120 days after the expenses were paid or incurred. Www irs gov formspubs Also, it is considered reasonable if you give your employees a periodic statement (at least quarterly) that asks them to either return or adequately account for outstanding amounts and they do so within 120 days. Www irs gov formspubs Nonaccountable plan. Www irs gov formspubs   Payments to your employee for travel and other necessary expenses of your business under a nonaccountable plan are wages and are treated as supplemental wages and subject to income, social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Your payments are treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan if: Your employee is not required to or does not substantiate timely those expenses to you with receipts or other documentation, You advance an amount to your employee for business expenses and your employee is not required to or does not return timely any amount he or she does not use for business expenses, You advance or pay an amount to your employee regardless of whether you reasonably expect the employee to have business expenses related to your business, or You pay an amount as a reimbursement you would have otherwise paid as wages. Www irs gov formspubs   See section 7 for more information on supplemental wages. Www irs gov formspubs Per diem or other fixed allowance. Www irs gov formspubs   You may reimburse your employees by travel days, miles, or some other fixed allowance under the applicable revenue procedure. Www irs gov formspubs In these cases, your employee is considered to have accounted to you if your reimbursement does not exceed rates established by the Federal Government. Www irs gov formspubs The 2013 standard mileage rate for auto expenses was 56. Www irs gov formspubs 5 cents per mile. Www irs gov formspubs The rate for 2014 is 56 cents per mile. Www irs gov formspubs   The government per diem rates for meals and lodging in the continental United States are listed in Publication 1542, Per Diem Rates. Www irs gov formspubs Other than the amount of these expenses, your employees' business expenses must be substantiated (for example, the business purpose of the travel or the number of business miles driven). Www irs gov formspubs   If the per diem or allowance paid exceeds the amounts substantiated, you must report the excess amount as wages. Www irs gov formspubs This excess amount is subject to income tax withholding and payment of social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Show the amount equal to the substantiated amount (for example, the nontaxable portion) in box 12 of Form W-2 using code “L. Www irs gov formspubs ” Wages not paid in money. Www irs gov formspubs   If in the course of your trade or business you pay your employees in a medium that is neither cash nor a readily negotiable instrument, such as a check, you are said to pay them “in kind. Www irs gov formspubs ” Payments in kind may be in the form of goods, lodging, food, clothing, or services. Www irs gov formspubs Generally, the fair market value of such payments at the time they are provided is subject to federal income tax withholding and social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs   However, noncash payments for household work, agricultural labor, and service not in the employer's trade or business are exempt from social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Withhold income tax on these payments only if you and the employee agree to do so. Www irs gov formspubs Nonetheless, noncash payments for agricultural labor, such as commodity wages, are treated as cash payments subject to employment taxes if the substance of the transaction is a cash payment. Www irs gov formspubs Moving expenses. Www irs gov formspubs   Reimbursed and employer-paid qualified moving expenses (those that would otherwise be deductible by the employee) paid under an accountable plan are not includible in an employee's income unless you have knowledge the employee deducted the expenses in a prior year. Www irs gov formspubs Reimbursed and employer-paid nonqualified moving expenses are includible in income and are subject to employment taxes and income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs For more information on moving expenses, see Publication 521, Moving Expenses. Www irs gov formspubs Meals and lodging. Www irs gov formspubs   The value of meals is not taxable income and is not subject to income tax withholding and social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes if the meals are furnished for the employer's convenience and on the employer's premises. Www irs gov formspubs The value of lodging is not subject to income tax withholding and social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes if the lodging is furnished for the employer's convenience, on the employer's premises, and as a condition of employment. Www irs gov formspubs    “For the convenience of the employer” means you have a substantial business reason for providing the meals and lodging other than to provide additional compensation to the employee. Www irs gov formspubs For example, meals you provide at the place of work so that an employee is available for emergencies during his or her lunch period are generally considered to be for your convenience. Www irs gov formspubs   However, whether meals or lodging are provided for the convenience of the employer depends on all of the facts and circumstances. Www irs gov formspubs A written statement that the meals or lodging are for your convenience is not sufficient. Www irs gov formspubs 50% test. Www irs gov formspubs   If over 50% of the employees who are provided meals on an employer's business premises receive these meals for the convenience of the employer, all meals provided on the premises are treated as furnished for the convenience of the employer. Www irs gov formspubs If this 50% test is met, the value of the meals is excludable from income for all employees and is not subject to federal income tax withholding or employment taxes. Www irs gov formspubs For more information, see Publication 15-B. Www irs gov formspubs Health insurance plans. Www irs gov formspubs   If you pay the cost of an accident or health insurance plan for your employees, including an employee's spouse and dependents, your payments are not wages and are not subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, or federal income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs Generally, this exclusion also applies to qualified long-term care insurance contracts. Www irs gov formspubs However, for income tax withholding, the value of health insurance benefits must be included in the wages of S corporation employees who own more than 2% of the S corporation (2% shareholders). Www irs gov formspubs For social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, the health insurance benefits are excluded from the wages only for employees and their dependents or for a class or classes of employees and their dependents. Www irs gov formspubs See Announcement 92-16 for more information. Www irs gov formspubs You can find Announcement 92-16 on page 53 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 1992-5. Www irs gov formspubs Health Savings Accounts and medical savings accounts. Www irs gov formspubs   Your contributions to an employee's Health Savings Account (HSA) or Archer medical savings account (MSA) are not subject to social security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes, or federal income tax withholding if it is reasonable to believe at the time of payment of the contributions they will be excludable from the income of the employee. Www irs gov formspubs To the extent it is not reasonable to believe they will be excludable, your contributions are subject to these taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Employee contributions to their HSAs or MSAs through a payroll deduction plan must be included in wages and are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes and income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs However, HSA contributions made under a salary reduction arrangement in a section 125 cafeteria plan are not wages and are not subject to employment taxes or withholding. Www irs gov formspubs For more information, see the Instructions for Form 8889, Health Savings Accounts (HSAs). Www irs gov formspubs Medical care reimbursements. Www irs gov formspubs   Generally, medical care reimbursements paid for an employee under an employer's self-insured medical reimbursement plan are not wages and are not subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes, or income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-B for an exception for highly compensated employees. Www irs gov formspubs Differential wage payments. Www irs gov formspubs   Differential wage payments are any payments made by an employer to an individual for a period during which the individual is performing service in the uniformed services while on active duty for a period of more than 30 days and represent all or a portion of the wages the individual would have received from the employer if the individual were performing services for the employer. Www irs gov formspubs   Differential wage payments are wages for income tax withholding, but are not subject to social security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Employers should report differential wage payments in box 1 of Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs For more information about the tax treatment of differential wage payments, visit IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and enter “employees in a combat zone” in the search box. Www irs gov formspubs Fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs   You generally must include fringe benefits in an employee's gross income (but see Nontaxable fringe benefits next). Www irs gov formspubs The benefits are subject to income tax withholding and employment taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Fringe benefits include cars you provide, flights on aircraft you provide, free or discounted commercial flights, vacations, discounts on property or services, memberships in country clubs or other social clubs, and tickets to entertainment or sporting events. Www irs gov formspubs In general, the amount you must include is the amount by which the fair market value of the benefits is more than the sum of what the employee paid for it plus any amount the law excludes. Www irs gov formspubs There are other special rules you and your employees may use to value certain fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-B for more information. Www irs gov formspubs Nontaxable fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs   Some fringe benefits are not taxable (or are minimally taxable) if certain conditions are met. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-B for details. Www irs gov formspubs The following are some examples of nontaxable fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs Services provided to your employees at no additional cost to you. Www irs gov formspubs Qualified employee discounts. Www irs gov formspubs Working condition fringes that are property or services the employee could deduct as a business expense if he or she had paid for it. Www irs gov formspubs Examples include a company car for business use and subscriptions to business magazines. Www irs gov formspubs Certain minimal value fringes (including an occasional cab ride when an employee must work overtime and meals you provide at eating places you run for your employees if the meals are not furnished at below cost). Www irs gov formspubs Qualified transportation fringes subject to specified conditions and dollar limitations (including transportation in a commuter highway vehicle, any transit pass, and qualified parking). Www irs gov formspubs Qualified moving expense reimbursement. Www irs gov formspubs See Moving expenses , earlier in this section, for details. Www irs gov formspubs The use of on-premises athletic facilities, if substantially all of the use is by employees, their spouses, and their dependent children. Www irs gov formspubs Qualified tuition reduction an educational organization provides to its employees for education. Www irs gov formspubs For more information, see Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education. Www irs gov formspubs Employer-provided cell phones provided primarily for a noncompensatory business reason. Www irs gov formspubs   However, do not exclude the following fringe benefits from the income of highly compensated employees unless the benefit is available to other employees on a nondiscriminatory basis. Www irs gov formspubs No-additional-cost services. Www irs gov formspubs Qualified employee discounts. Www irs gov formspubs Meals provided at an employer operated eating facility. Www irs gov formspubs Reduced tuition for education. Www irs gov formspubs  For more information, including the definition of a highly compensated employee, see Publication 15-B. Www irs gov formspubs When fringe benefits are treated as paid. Www irs gov formspubs   You may choose to treat certain noncash fringe benefits as paid by the pay period, by the quarter, or on any other basis you choose as long as you treat the benefits as paid at least once a year. Www irs gov formspubs You do not have to make a formal choice of payment dates or notify the IRS of the dates you choose. Www irs gov formspubs You do not have to make this choice for all employees. Www irs gov formspubs You may change methods as often as you like, as long as you treat all benefits provided in a calendar year as paid by December 31 of the calendar year. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-B for more information, including a discussion of the special accounting rule for fringe benefits provided during November and December. Www irs gov formspubs Valuation of fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs   Generally, you must determine the value of fringe benefits no later than January 31 of the next year. Www irs gov formspubs Before January 31, you may reasonably estimate the value of the fringe benefits for purposes of withholding and depositing on time. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding on fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs   You may add the value of fringe benefits to regular wages for a payroll period and figure withholding taxes on the total, or you may withhold federal income tax on the value of the fringe benefits at the optional flat 25% supplemental wage rate. Www irs gov formspubs However, see Withholding on supplemental wages when an employee receives more than $1 million of supplemental wages during the calendar year in section 7. Www irs gov formspubs   You may choose not to withhold income tax on the value of an employee's personal use of a vehicle you provide. Www irs gov formspubs You must, however, withhold social security and Medicare taxes on the use of the vehicle. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-B for more information on this election. Www irs gov formspubs Depositing taxes on fringe benefits. Www irs gov formspubs   Once you choose when fringe benefits are paid, you must deposit taxes in the same deposit period you treat the fringe benefits as paid. Www irs gov formspubs To avoid a penalty, deposit the taxes following the general deposit rules for that deposit period. Www irs gov formspubs   If you determine by January 31 you overestimated the value of a fringe benefit at the time you withheld and deposited for it, you may claim a refund for the overpayment or have it applied to your next employment tax return. Www irs gov formspubs See Valuation of fringe benefits , earlier. Www irs gov formspubs If you underestimated the value and deposited too little, you may be subject to a failure-to-deposit penalty. Www irs gov formspubs See section 11 for information on deposit penalties. Www irs gov formspubs   If you deposited the required amount of taxes but withheld a lesser amount from the employee, you can recover from the employee the social security, Medicare, or income taxes you deposited on his or her behalf, and included in the employee's Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs However, you must recover the income taxes before April 1 of the following year. Www irs gov formspubs Sick pay. Www irs gov formspubs   In general, sick pay is any amount you pay under a plan to an employee who is unable to work because of sickness or injury. Www irs gov formspubs These amounts are sometimes paid by a third party, such as an insurance company or an employees' trust. Www irs gov formspubs In either case, these payments are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Sick pay becomes exempt from these taxes after the end of 6 calendar months after the calendar month the employee last worked for the employer. Www irs gov formspubs The payments are always subject to federal income tax. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 15-A for more information. Www irs gov formspubs 6. Www irs gov formspubs Tips Tips your employee receives from customers are generally subject to withholding. Www irs gov formspubs Your employee must report cash tips to you by the 10th of the month after the month the tips are received. Www irs gov formspubs The report should include tips you paid over to the employee for charge customers, tips the employee received directly from customers, and tips received from other employees under any tip-sharing arrangement. Www irs gov formspubs Both directly and indirectly tipped employees must report tips to you. Www irs gov formspubs No report is required for months when tips are less than $20. Www irs gov formspubs Your employee reports the tips on Form 4070, Employee's Report of Tips to Employer, or on a similar statement. Www irs gov formspubs The statement must be signed by the employee and must include: The employee's name, address, and SSN, Your name and address, The month or period the report covers, and The total of tips received during the month or period. Www irs gov formspubs Both Forms 4070 and 4070-A, Employee's Daily Record of Tips, are included in Publication 1244, Employee's Daily Record of Tips and Report to Employer. Www irs gov formspubs You are permitted to establish a system for electronic tip reporting by employees. Www irs gov formspubs See Regulations section 31. Www irs gov formspubs 6053-1(d). Www irs gov formspubs Collecting taxes on tips. Www irs gov formspubs   You must collect income tax, employee social security tax, and employee Medicare tax on the employee's tips. Www irs gov formspubs The withholding rules for withholding an employee's share of Medicare tax on tips also apply to withholding the Additional Medicare Tax once wages and tips exceed $200,000 in the calendar year. Www irs gov formspubs If an employee reports to you in writing $20 or more of tips in a month, the tips are also subject to FUTA tax. Www irs gov formspubs   You can collect these taxes from the employee's wages or from other funds he or she makes available. Www irs gov formspubs See Tips treated as supplemental wages in section 7 for more information. Www irs gov formspubs Stop collecting the employee social security tax when his or her wages and tips for tax year 2014 reach $117,000; collect the income and employee Medicare taxes for the whole year on all wages and tips. Www irs gov formspubs You are responsible for the employer social security tax on wages and tips until the wages (including tips) reach the limit. Www irs gov formspubs You are responsible for the employer Medicare tax for the whole year on all wages and tips. Www irs gov formspubs File Form 941 or Form 944 to report withholding and employment taxes on tips. Www irs gov formspubs Ordering rule. Www irs gov formspubs   If, by the 10th of the month after the month for which you received an employee's report on tips, you do not have enough employee funds available to deduct the employee tax, you no longer have to collect it. Www irs gov formspubs If there are not enough funds available, withhold taxes in the following order. Www irs gov formspubs Withhold on regular wages and other compensation. Www irs gov formspubs Withhold social security and Medicare taxes on tips. Www irs gov formspubs Withhold income tax on tips. Www irs gov formspubs Reporting tips. Www irs gov formspubs   Report tips and any collected and uncollected social security and Medicare taxes on Form W-2 and on Form 941, lines 5b, 5c, and 5d (Form 944, lines 4b, 4c, and 4d). Www irs gov formspubs Report an adjustment on Form 941, line 9 (Form 944, line 6), for the uncollected social security and Medicare taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Enter the amount of uncollected social security tax and Medicare tax on Form W-2, box 12, with codes “A” and “B. Www irs gov formspubs ” Do not include any uncollected Additional Medicare Tax in box 12 of Form W-2. Www irs gov formspubs See section 13 and the General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3. Www irs gov formspubs   Revenue Ruling 2012-18 provides guidance for employers regarding social security and Medicare taxes imposed on tips, including information on the reporting of the employer share of social security and Medicare taxes under section 3121(q), the difference between tips and service charges, and the section 45B credit. Www irs gov formspubs See Revenue Ruling 2012-18, 2012-26 I. Www irs gov formspubs R. Www irs gov formspubs B. Www irs gov formspubs 1032, available at www. Www irs gov formspubs irs. Www irs gov formspubs gov/irb/2012-26_IRB/ar07. Www irs gov formspubs html. Www irs gov formspubs Allocated tips. Www irs gov formspubs   If you operate a large food or beverage establishment, you must report allocated tips under certain circumstances. Www irs gov formspubs However, do not withhold income, social security, or Medicare taxes on allocated tips. Www irs gov formspubs   A large food or beverage establishment is one that provides food or beverages for consumption on the premises, where tipping is customary, and where there were normally more than 10 employees on a typical business day during the preceding year. Www irs gov formspubs   The tips may be allocated by one of three methods—hours worked, gross receipts, or good faith agreement. Www irs gov formspubs For information about these allocation methods, including the requirement to file Forms 8027 electronically if 250 or more forms are filed, see the Instructions for Form 8027. Www irs gov formspubs For information on filing Form 8027 electronically with the IRS, see Publication 1239. Www irs gov formspubs Tip Rate Determination and Education Program. Www irs gov formspubs   Employers may participate in the Tip Rate Determination and Education Program. Www irs gov formspubs The program primarily consists of two voluntary agreements developed to improve tip income reporting by helping taxpayers to understand and meet their tip reporting responsibilities. Www irs gov formspubs The two agreements are the Tip Rate Determination Agreement (TRDA) and the Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment (TRAC). Www irs gov formspubs A tip agreement, the Gaming Industry Tip Compliance Agreement (GITCA), is available for the gaming (casino) industry. Www irs gov formspubs To get more information about TRDA and TRAC agreements, see Publication 3144, Tips on Tips. Www irs gov formspubs Additionally, visit IRS. Www irs gov formspubs gov and enter “MSU tips” in the search box to get more information about GITCA, TRDA, or TRAC agreements. Www irs gov formspubs 7. Www irs gov formspubs Supplemental Wages Supplemental wages are wage payments to an employee that are not regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs They include, but are not limited to, bonuses, commissions, overtime pay, payments for accumulated sick leave, severance pay, awards, prizes, back pay, retroactive pay increases, and payments for nondeductible moving expenses. Www irs gov formspubs Other payments subject to the supplemental wage rules include taxable fringe benefits and expense allowances paid under a nonaccountable plan. Www irs gov formspubs How you withhold on supplemental wages depends on whether the supplemental payment is identified as a separate payment from regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs See Regulations section 31. Www irs gov formspubs 3402(g)-1 for additional guidance for wages paid after January 1, 2007. Www irs gov formspubs Also see Revenue Ruling 2008-29, 2008-24 I. Www irs gov formspubs R. Www irs gov formspubs B. Www irs gov formspubs 1149, available at www. Www irs gov formspubs irs. Www irs gov formspubs gov/irb/2008-24_IRB/ar08. Www irs gov formspubs html. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding on supplemental wages when an employee receives more than $1 million of supplemental wages from you during the calendar year. Www irs gov formspubs   Special rules apply to the extent supplemental wages paid to any one employee during the calendar year exceed $1 million. Www irs gov formspubs If a supplemental wage payment, together with other supplemental wage payments made to the employee during the calendar year, exceeds $1 million, the excess is subject to withholding at 39. Www irs gov formspubs 6% (or the highest rate of income tax for the year). Www irs gov formspubs Withhold using the 39. Www irs gov formspubs 6% rate without regard to the employee's Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs In determining supplemental wages paid to the employee during the year, include payments from all businesses under common control. Www irs gov formspubs For more information, see Treasury Decision 9276, 2006-37 I. Www irs gov formspubs R. Www irs gov formspubs B. Www irs gov formspubs 423, available at www. Www irs gov formspubs irs. Www irs gov formspubs gov/irb/2006-37_IRB/ar09. Www irs gov formspubs html. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding on supplemental wage payments to an employee who does not receive $1 million of supplemental wages during the calendar year. Www irs gov formspubs   If the supplemental wages paid to the employee during the calendar year are less than or equal to $1 million, the following rules apply in determining the amount of income tax to be withheld. Www irs gov formspubs Supplemental wages combined with regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs   If you pay supplemental wages with regular wages but do not specify the amount of each, withhold federal income tax as if the total were a single payment for a regular payroll period. Www irs gov formspubs Supplemental wages identified separately from regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs   If you pay supplemental wages separately (or combine them in a single payment and specify the amount of each), the federal income tax withholding method depends partly on whether you withhold income tax from your employee's regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs If you withheld income tax from an employee's regular wages in the current or immediately preceding calendar year, you can use one of the following methods for the supplemental wages. Www irs gov formspubs Withhold a flat 25% (no other percentage allowed). Www irs gov formspubs If the supplemental wages are paid concurrently with regular wages, add the supplemental wages to the concurrently paid regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs If there are no concurrently paid regular wages, add the supplemental wages to alternatively, either the regular wages paid or to be paid for the current payroll period or the regular wages paid for the preceding payroll period. Www irs gov formspubs Figure the income tax withholding as if the total of the regular wages and supplemental wages is a single payment. Www irs gov formspubs Subtract the tax withheld from the regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs Withhold the remaining tax from the supplemental wages. Www irs gov formspubs If there were other payments of supplemental wages paid during the payroll period made before the current payment of supplemental wages, aggregate all the payments of supplemental wages paid during the payroll period with the regular wages paid during the payroll period, calculate the tax on the total, subtract the tax already withheld from the regular wages and the previous supplemental wage payments, and withhold the remaining tax. Www irs gov formspubs If you did not withhold income tax from the employee's regular wages in the current or immediately preceding calendar year, use method 1-b. Www irs gov formspubs This would occur, for example, when the value of the employee's withholding allowances claimed on Form W-4 is more than the wages. Www irs gov formspubs Regardless of the method you use to withhold income tax on supplemental wages, they are subject to social security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes. Www irs gov formspubs Example 1. Www irs gov formspubs You pay John Peters a base salary on the 1st of each month. Www irs gov formspubs He is single and claims one withholding allowance. Www irs gov formspubs In January he is paid $1,000. Www irs gov formspubs Using the wage bracket tables, you withhold $50 from this amount. Www irs gov formspubs In February, he receives salary of $1,000 plus a commission of $2,000, which you combine with regular wages and do not separately identify. Www irs gov formspubs You figure the withholding based on the total of $3,000. Www irs gov formspubs The correct withholding from the tables is $338. Www irs gov formspubs Example 2. Www irs gov formspubs You pay Sharon Warren a base salary on the 1st of each month. Www irs gov formspubs She is single and claims one allowance. Www irs gov formspubs Her May 1 pay is $2,000. Www irs gov formspubs Using the wage bracket tables, you withhold $188. Www irs gov formspubs On May 14 she receives a bonus of $1,000. Www irs gov formspubs Electing to use supplemental wage withholding method 1-b, you: Add the bonus amount to the amount of wages from the most recent base salary pay date (May 1) ($2,000 + $1,000 = $3,000). Www irs gov formspubs Determine the amount of withholding on the combined $3,000 amount to be $338 using the wage bracket tables. Www irs gov formspubs Subtract the amount withheld from wages on the most recent base salary pay date (May 1) from the combined withholding amount ($338 – $188 = $150). Www irs gov formspubs Withhold $150 from the bonus payment. Www irs gov formspubs Example 3. Www irs gov formspubs The facts are the same as in Example 2, except you elect to use the flat rate method of withholding on the bonus. Www irs gov formspubs You withhold 25% of $1,000, or $250, from Sharon's bonus payment. Www irs gov formspubs Example 4. Www irs gov formspubs The facts are the same as in Example 2, except you elect to pay Sharon a second bonus of $2,000 on May 28. Www irs gov formspubs Using supplemental wage withholding method 1-b, you: Add the first and second bonus amounts to the amount of wages from the most recent base salary pay date (May 1) ($2,000 + $1,000 + $2,000 = $5,000). Www irs gov formspubs Determine the amount of withholding on the combined $5,000 amount to be $781 using the wage bracket tables. Www irs gov formspubs Subtract the amounts withheld from wages on the most recent base salary pay date (May 1) and the amounts withheld from the first bonus payment from the combined withholding amount ($781 – $188 – $150 = $443). Www irs gov formspubs Withhold $443 from the second bonus payment. Www irs gov formspubs Tips treated as supplemental wages. Www irs gov formspubs   Withhold income tax on tips from wages earned by the employee or from other funds the employee makes available. Www irs gov formspubs If an employee receives regular wages and reports tips, figure income tax withholding as if the tips were supplemental wages. Www irs gov formspubs If you have not withheld income tax from the regular wages, add the tips to the regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs Then withhold income tax on the total. Www irs gov formspubs If you withheld income tax from the regular wages, you can withhold on the tips by method 1-a or 1-b discussed earlier in this section under Supplemental wages identified separately from regular wages. Www irs gov formspubs Vacation pay. Www irs gov formspubs   Vacation pay is subject to withholding as if it were a regular wage payment. Www irs gov formspubs When vacation pay is in addition to regular wages for the vacation period, treat it as a supplemental wage payment. Www irs gov formspubs If the vacation pay is for a time longer than your usual payroll period, spread it over the pay periods for which you pay it. Www irs gov formspubs 8. Www irs gov formspubs Payroll Period Your payroll period is a period of service for which you usually pay wages. Www irs gov formspubs When you have a regular payroll period, withhold income tax for that time period even if your employee does not work the full period. Www irs gov formspubs No regular payroll period. Www irs gov formspubs   When you do not have a regular payroll period, withhold the tax as if you paid wages for a daily or miscellaneous payroll period. Www irs gov formspubs Figure the number of days (including Sundays and holidays) in the period covered by the wage payment. Www irs gov formspubs If the wages are unrelated to a specific length of time (for example, commissions paid on completion of a sale), count back the number of days from the payment period to the latest of: The last wage payment made during the same calendar year, The date employment began, if during the same calendar year, or January 1 of the same year. Www irs gov formspubs Employee paid for period less than 1 week. Www irs gov formspubs   When you pay an employee for a period of less than one week, and the employee signs a statement under penalties of perjury indicating he or she is not working for any other employer during the same week for wages subject to withholding, figure withholding based on a weekly payroll period. Www irs gov formspubs If the employee later begins to work for another employer for wages subject to withholding, the employee must notify you within 10 days. Www irs gov formspubs You then figure withholding based on the daily or miscellaneous period. Www irs gov formspubs 9. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding From Employees' Wages Income Tax Withholding Using Form W-4 to figure withholding. Www irs gov formspubs   To know how much federal income tax to withhold from employees' wages, you should have a Form W-4 on file for each employee. Www irs gov formspubs Encourage your employees to file an updated Form W-4 for 2014, especially if they owed taxes or received a large refund when filing their 2013 tax return. Www irs gov formspubs Advise your employees to use the IRS Withholding Calculator on the IRS website at www. Www irs gov formspubs irs. Www irs gov formspubs gov/individuals for help in determining how many withholding allowances to claim on their Forms W-4. Www irs gov formspubs   Ask all new employees to give you a signed Form W-4 when they start work. Www irs gov formspubs Make the form effective with the first wage payment. Www irs gov formspubs If a new employee does not give you a completed Form W-4, withhold income tax as if he or she is single, with no withholding allowances. Www irs gov formspubs Form in Spanish. Www irs gov formspubs   You can provide Formulario W-4(SP), Certificado de Exención de Retenciones del Empleado, in place of Form W-4, to your Spanish-speaking employees. Www irs gov formspubs For more information, see Publicación 17(SP), El Impuesto Federal sobre los Ingresos (Para Personas Físicas). Www irs gov formspubs The rules discussed in this section that apply to Form W-4 also apply to Formulario W-4(SP). Www irs gov formspubs Electronic system to receive Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs   You may establish a system to electronically receive Forms W-4 from your employees. Www irs gov formspubs See Regulations section 31. Www irs gov formspubs 3402(f)(5)-1(c) for more information. Www irs gov formspubs Effective date of Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs   A Form W-4 remains in effect until the employee gives you a new one. Www irs gov formspubs When you receive a new Form W-4 from an employee, do not adjust withholding for pay periods before the effective date of the new form. Www irs gov formspubs If an employee gives you a Form W-4 that replaces an existing Form W-4, begin withholding no later than the start of the first payroll period ending on or after the 30th day from the date when you received the replacement Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs For exceptions, see Exemption from federal income tax withholding , IRS review of requested Forms W-4 , and Invalid Forms W-4 , later in this section. Www irs gov formspubs A Form W-4 that makes a change for the next calendar year will not take effect in the current calendar year. Www irs gov formspubs Successor employer. Www irs gov formspubs   If you are a successor employer (see Successor employer , later in this section), secure new Forms W-4 from the transferred employees unless the “Alternative Procedure” in section 5 of Revenue Procedure 2004-53 applies. Www irs gov formspubs See Revenue Procedure 2004-53, 2004-34 I. Www irs gov formspubs R. Www irs gov formspubs B. Www irs gov formspubs 320, available at www. Www irs gov formspubs irs. Www irs gov formspubs gov/irb/2004-34_IRB/ar13. Www irs gov formspubs html. Www irs gov formspubs Completing Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs   The amount of any federal income tax withholding must be based on marital status and withholding allowances. Www irs gov formspubs Your employees may not base their withholding amounts on a fixed dollar amount or percentage. Www irs gov formspubs However, an employee may specify a dollar amount to be withheld in addition to the amount of withholding based on filing status and withholding allowances claimed on Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs Employees may claim fewer withholding allowances than they are entitled to claim. Www irs gov formspubs They may wish to claim fewer allowances to ensure they have enough withholding or to offset the tax on other sources of taxable income not subject to withholding. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, for more information about completing Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs Along with Form W-4, you may wish to order Publication 505 for use by your employees. Www irs gov formspubs Do not accept any withholding or estimated tax payments from your employees in addition to withholding based on their Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs If they require additional withholding, they should submit a new Form W-4 and, if necessary, pay estimated tax by filing Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals, or by using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS) to make estimated tax payments. Www irs gov formspubs Exemption from federal income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs   Generally, an employee may claim exemption from federal income tax withholding because he or she had no income tax liability last year and expects none this year. Www irs gov formspubs See the Form W-4 instructions for more information. Www irs gov formspubs However, the wages are still subject to social security and Medicare taxes. Www irs gov formspubs See also Invalid Forms W-4 , later in this section. Www irs gov formspubs   A Form W-4 claiming exemption from withholding is effective when it is filed with the employer and only for that calendar year. Www irs gov formspubs To continue to be exempt from withholding in the next calendar year, an employee must give you a new Form W-4 by February 15. Www irs gov formspubs If the employee does not give you a new Form W-4 by February 15, begin withholding based on the last Form W-4 for the employee that did not claim an exemption from withholding or, if one was not filed, then withhold tax as if he or she is single with zero withholding allowances. Www irs gov formspubs If the employee provides a new Form W-4 claiming exemption from withholding on February 16 or later, you may apply it to future wages but do not refund any taxes already withheld. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding income taxes on the wages of nonresident alien employees. Www irs gov formspubs   In general, you must withhold federal income taxes on the wages of nonresident alien employees. Www irs gov formspubs However, see Publication 515, Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Entities, for exceptions to this general rule. Www irs gov formspubs Also see section 3 of Publication 51 (Circular A), Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide, for guidance on H-2A visa workers. Www irs gov formspubs Withholding adjustment for nonresident alien employees. Www irs gov formspubs   For 2014, apply the procedure discussed next to figure the amount of income tax to withhold from the wages of nonresident alien employees performing services within the United States. Www irs gov formspubs Nonresident alien students from India and business apprentices from India are not subject to this procedure. Www irs gov formspubs Instructions. Www irs gov formspubs   To figure how much income tax to withhold from the wages paid to a nonresident alien employee performing services in the United States, use the following steps. Www irs gov formspubs Step 1. Www irs gov formspubs   Add to the wages paid to the nonresident alien employee for the payroll period the amount shown in the chart below for the applicable payroll period. Www irs gov formspubs    Amount to Add to Nonresident Alien Employee's Wages for Calculating Income Tax Withholding Only   Payroll Period Add Additional     Weekly $ 43. Www irs gov formspubs 30     Biweekly 86. Www irs gov formspubs 50     Semimonthly 93. Www irs gov formspubs 80     Monthly 187. Www irs gov formspubs 50     Quarterly 562. Www irs gov formspubs 50     Semiannually 1,125. Www irs gov formspubs 00     Annually 2,250. Www irs gov formspubs 00     Daily or Miscellaneous (each day of the payroll period) 8. Www irs gov formspubs 70   Step 2. Www irs gov formspubs   Use the amount figured in Step 1 and the number of withholding allowances claimed (generally limited to one allowance) to figure income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs Determine the value of withholding allowances by multiplying the number of withholding allowances claimed by the appropriate amount from Table 5. Www irs gov formspubs Percentage Method—2014 Amount for One Withholding Allowance shown on page 41. Www irs gov formspubs If you are using the Percentage Method Tables for Income Tax Withholding, provided on pages 43–44, reduce the amount figured in Step 1 by the value of withholding allowances and use that reduced amount to figure the income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs If you are using the Wage Bracket Method for Income Tax Withholding, provided on pages 45–64, use the amount figured in Step 1 and the number of withholding allowances to figure income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs The amounts from the chart above are added to wages solely for calculating income tax withholding on the wages of the nonresident alien employee. Www irs gov formspubs The amounts from the chart should not be included in any box on the employee's Form W-2 and do not increase the income tax liability of the employee. Www irs gov formspubs Also, the amounts from the chart do not increase the social security tax or Medicare tax liability of the employer or the employee, or the FUTA tax liability of the employer. Www irs gov formspubs This procedure only applies to nonresident alien employees who have wages subject to income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs Example. Www irs gov formspubs An employer using the percentage method of withholding pays wages of $500 for a biweekly payroll period to a married nonresident alien employee. Www irs gov formspubs The nonresident alien has properly completed Form W-4, entering marital status as “single” with one withholding allowance and indicating status as a nonresident alien on Form W-4, line 6 (see Nonresident alien employee's Form W-4 , later in this section). Www irs gov formspubs The employer determines the wages to be used in the withholding tables by adding to the $500 amount of wages paid the amount of $86. Www irs gov formspubs 50 from the chart under Step 1 ($586. Www irs gov formspubs 50 total). Www irs gov formspubs The employer then applies the applicable tables to determine the income tax withholding for nonresident aliens (see Step 2 ). Www irs gov formspubs Reminder: If you use the Percentage Method Tables for Income Tax Withholding, reduce the amount figured in Step 1 by the value of withholding allowances and use that reduced amount to figure income tax withholding. Www irs gov formspubs The $86. Www irs gov formspubs 50 added to wages for calculating income tax withholding is not reported on Form W-2, and does not increase the income tax liability of the employee. Www irs gov formspubs Also, the $86. Www irs gov formspubs 50 added to wages does not affect the social security tax or Medicare tax liability of the employer or the employee, or the FUTA tax liability of the employer. Www irs gov formspubs Supplemental wage payment. Www irs gov formspubs   This procedure for determining the amount of income tax withholding does not apply to a supplemental wage payment (see section 7) if the 39. Www irs gov formspubs 6% mandatory flat rate withholding applies or if the 25% optional flat rate withholding is being used to calculate income tax withholding on the supplemental wage payment. Www irs gov formspubs Nonresident alien employee's Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs   When completing Forms W-4, nonresident aliens are required to: Not claim exemption from income tax withholding, Request withholding as if they are single, regardless of their actual marital status, Claim only one allowance (if the nonresident alien is a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea, or a student or business apprentice from India, he or she may claim more than one allowance), and Write “Nonresident Alien” or “NRA” above the dotted line on line 6 of Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs   If you maintain an electronic Form W-4 system, you should provide a field for nonresident aliens to enter nonresident alien status in lieu of writing “Nonresident Alien” or “NRA” above the dotted line on line 6. Www irs gov formspubs A nonresident alien employee may request additional withholding at his or her option for other purposes, although such additions should not be necessary for withholding to cover federal income tax liability related to employment. Www irs gov formspubs Form 8233. Www irs gov formspubs   If a nonresident alien employee claims a tax treaty exemption from withholding, the employee must submit Form 8233, Exemption From Withholding on Compensation for Independent (and Certain Dependent) Personal Services of a Nonresident Alien Individual, with respect to the income exempt under the treaty, instead of Form W-4. Www irs gov formspubs See Publication 515 for details. Www irs gov formspubs IRS review of requested Forms W-4. Www irs gov formspubs   When requested by the IRS, you must make original Forms W-4 available for inspection by an IRS employee. Www irs gov formspubs You may also be directed to send certain Forms W-4 to the IRS. Www irs gov formspubs You may receive a notice from the IRS requiring you to submit a copy of Form W-4 for one or more of your named employees. Www irs gov formspubs Send the requested copy or copies of Form W-4 to the IRS at the address provided and in the manner directed by the notice. Www irs gov formspubs The IRS may also require you to submit copies of Form W-4 to the IRS as directed by Treasury Decision 9337, 2007-35 I. Www irs gov formspubs R. Www irs gov formspubs B. Www irs gov formspubs 455, which is available at www. Www irs gov formspubs irs. Www irs gov formspubs gov/irb/2007-35_IRB/ar10. Www irs gov formspubs html. Www irs gov formspubs When we refer to Form W-4, the same rules apply to Formulario W-4(SP), its Spanish translation. Www irs gov formspubs After submitting a copy of a requested Form W-4 to the IRS, continue to withhold federal income tax based on that Form W-4 if it is valid (see Invalid Forms W-4 , later in this section). Www irs gov formspubs However, if the IRS later notifies you in writing the employee is not entitled to claim exemption from withholding or a claimed number of withholding allowances, withhold federal income tax based on the effective date, marital status, and maximum number of withholding allowances specified in the IRS notice (commonly referred to as a "lock-in letter