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Turbotax Military

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Turbotax Military

Turbotax military Publication 1544(SP) - Introductory Material Table of Contents Qué Hay de Nuevo Introducción Qué Hay de Nuevo Acontecimientos futuros. Turbotax military  Si desea obtener la información más reciente sobre los acontecimientos relacionados con la Publicación 1544(SP), tal como legislación promulgada después que ésta fue impresa, acceda a www. Turbotax military irs. Turbotax military gov/pub1544, en inglés. Turbotax military Cómo enmendar un informe. Turbotax military  Puede enmendar un informe anterior marcando el encasillado 1a en la parte superior del Formulario 8300-SP. Turbotax military Vea Cómo enmendar un informe, más adelante. Turbotax military Introducción Si, en un período de 12 meses, usted recibe de un comprador más de $10,000 en efectivo producto de una transacción llevada a cabo en su ocupación o negocio, tiene que declarar la transacción al Servicio de Impuestos Internos (IRS, por sus siglas en inglés) y a la Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (Red para hacer cumplir la ley contra delitos financieros, o FinCEN, por su abreviatura en inglés) en el Formulario 8300-SP, Informe de Pagos en Efectivo en Exceso de $10,000 Recibidos en una Ocupación o Negocio, o en el Formulario 8300, Report of Cash Payments Over $10,000 Received in a Trade or Business, en inglés. Turbotax military En esta publicación se explica por qué, cuándo y dónde debe declarar estos pagos recibidos en efectivo, así como las multas considerables que se imponen por no declarar dichos pagos. Turbotax military Algunas organizaciones no tienen que presentar el Formulario 8300-SP, incluidas las instituciones financieras que deben presentar el Formulario 104 de la FinCEN (anteriormente Formulario 4789), Currency Transaction Report (Informe de transacciones en efectivo), en inglés, así como los casinos, los cuales deben presentar el Formulario 103 de la FinCEN (anteriormente Formulario 8362), Currency Transaction Report by Casinos (Informe de transacciones en efectivo hechas por casinos), también en inglés. Turbotax military Esta publicación no incluye información sobre estos dos últimos formularios. Turbotax military En esta publicación encontrará explicaciones sobre la terminología y los puntos más importantes relacionados con el Formulario 8300-SP. Turbotax military Lea las instrucciones adjuntas a este formulario, ya que explican lo que debe anotar en cada línea del mismo. Turbotax military Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Turbotax Military

Turbotax military 2. Turbotax military   Taxable and Nontaxable Income Table of Contents Compensation for Services Retirement Plan DistributionsIndividual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Pensions and Annuities Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement BenefitsAre Any of Your Benefits Taxable? How Much Is Taxable? How To Report Your Benefits Lump-Sum Election Repayments More Than Gross Benefits Sickness and Injury BenefitsDisability Pensions Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts Workers' Compensation Other Sickness and Injury Benefits Life Insurance ProceedsInstallments for life. Turbotax military Surviving spouse. Turbotax military Endowment Contract Proceeds Accelerated Death Benefits Sale of HomeMaximum Amount of Exclusion Ownership and Use Tests Married Persons Business Use or Rental of Home Reporting the Sale Reverse Mortgages Other ItemsWelfare benefits. Turbotax military Payments from a state fund for victims of crime. Turbotax military Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP). Turbotax military Mortgage assistance payments. Turbotax military Payments to reduce cost of winter energy use. Turbotax military Nutrition Program for the Elderly. Turbotax military Reemployment Trade Adjustment Assistance (RTAA). Turbotax military Generally, income is taxable unless it is specifically exempt (not taxed) by law. Turbotax military Your taxable income may include compensation for services, interest, dividends, rents, royalties, income from partnerships, estate or trust income, gain from sales or exchanges of property, and business income of all kinds. Turbotax military Under special provisions of the law, certain items are partially or fully exempt from tax. Turbotax military Provisions that are of special interest to older taxpayers are discussed in this chapter. Turbotax military Compensation for Services Generally, you must include in gross income everything you receive in payment for personal services. Turbotax military In addition to wages, salaries, commissions, fees, and tips, this includes other forms of compensation such as fringe benefits and stock options. Turbotax military You need not receive the compensation in cash for it to be taxable. Turbotax military Payments you receive in the form of goods or services generally must be included in gross income at their fair market value. Turbotax military Volunteer work. Turbotax military   Do not include in your gross income amounts you receive for supportive services or reimbursements for out-of-pocket expenses under any of the following volunteer programs. Turbotax military Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP). Turbotax military Foster Grandparent Program. Turbotax military Senior Companion Program. Turbotax military Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE). Turbotax military Unemployment compensation. Turbotax military   You must include in income all unemployment compensation you or your spouse (if married filing jointly) received. Turbotax military More information. Turbotax military   See Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income, for more detailed information on specific types of income. Turbotax military Retirement Plan Distributions This section summarizes the tax treatment of amounts you receive from traditional individual retirement arrangements (IRA), employee pensions or annuities, and disability pensions or annuities. Turbotax military A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth or SIMPLE IRA. Turbotax military A Roth IRA is an individual retirement plan that can be either an account or an annuity and features nondeductible contributions and tax-free distributions. Turbotax military A SIMPLE IRA is a tax-favored retirement plan that certain small employers (including self-employed individuals) can set up for the benefit of their employees. Turbotax military More detailed information can be found in Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs), and Publication 575, Pension and Annuity Income. Turbotax military Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) In general, distributions from a traditional IRA are taxable in the year you receive them. Turbotax military Exceptions to the general rule are rollovers, tax-free withdrawals of contributions, and the return of nondeductible contributions. Turbotax military These are discussed in Publication 590. Turbotax military If you made nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA, you must file Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs. Turbotax military If you do not file Form 8606 with your return, you may have to pay a $50 penalty. Turbotax military Also, when you receive distributions from your traditional IRA, the amounts will be taxed unless you can show, with satisfactory evidence, that nondeductible contributions were made. Turbotax military Early distributions. Turbotax military   Generally, early distributions are amounts distributed from your traditional IRA account or annuity before you are age 59½, or amounts you receive when you cash in retirement bonds before you are age  59½. Turbotax military You must include early distributions of taxable amounts in your gross income. Turbotax military These taxable amounts are also subject to an additional 10% tax unless the distribution qualifies for an exception. Turbotax military For purposes of the additional 10% tax, an IRA is a qualified retirement plan. Turbotax military For more information about this tax, see Tax on Early Distributions under Pensions and Annuities, later. Turbotax military After age 59½ and before age 70½. Turbotax military   After you reach age 59½, you can receive distributions from your traditional IRA without having to pay the 10% additional tax. Turbotax military Even though you can receive distributions after you reach age 59½, distributions are not required until you reach  age 70½. Turbotax military Required distributions. Turbotax military   If you are the owner of a traditional IRA, you generally must receive the entire balance in your IRA or start receiving periodic distributions from your IRA by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. Turbotax military See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) in Publication 590. Turbotax military If distributions from your traditional IRA(s) are less than the required minimum distribution for the year, you may have to pay a 50% excise tax for that year on the amount not distributed as required. Turbotax military For purposes of the 50% excise tax, an IRA is a qualified retirement plan. Turbotax military For more information about this tax, see Tax on Excess Accumulation under Pensions and Annuities, later. Turbotax military See also Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) in Publication 590. Turbotax military Pensions and Annuities Generally, if you did not pay any part of the cost of your employee pension or annuity, and your employer did not withhold part of the cost of the contract from your pay while you worked, the amounts you receive each year are fully taxable. Turbotax military However, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , later. Turbotax military If you paid part of the cost of your pension or annuity plan (see Cost , later), you can exclude part of each annuity payment from income as a recovery of your cost (investment in the contract). Turbotax military This tax-free part of the payment is figured when your annuity starts and remains the same each year, even if the amount of the payment changes. Turbotax military The rest of each payment is taxable. Turbotax military However, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , later. Turbotax military You figure the tax-free part of the payment using one of the following methods. Turbotax military Simplified Method. Turbotax military You generally must use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan (a qualified employee plan, a qualified employee annuity, or a tax-sheltered annuity plan or contract). Turbotax military You cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Turbotax military General Rule. Turbotax military You must use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Turbotax military You generally cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan. Turbotax military Contact your employer or plan administrator to find out if your pension or annuity is paid under a qualified or nonqualified plan. Turbotax military You determine which method to use when you first begin receiving your annuity, and you continue using it each year that you recover part of your cost. Turbotax military Exclusion limit. Turbotax military   If your annuity starting date is after 1986, the total amount of annuity income you can exclude over the years as a recovery of the cost cannot exceed your total cost. Turbotax military Any unrecovered cost at your (or the last annuitant's) death is allowed as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on the final return of the decedent. Turbotax military This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit on miscellaneous deductions. Turbotax military   If you contributed to your pension or annuity and your annuity starting date is before 1987, you can continue to take your monthly exclusion for as long as you receive your annuity. Turbotax military If you chose a joint and survivor annuity, your survivor can continue to take the survivor's exclusion figured as of the annuity starting date. Turbotax military The total exclusion may be more than your cost. Turbotax military Cost. Turbotax military   Before you can figure how much, if any, of your pension or annuity benefits are taxable, you must determine your cost in the plan (your investment in the contract). Turbotax military Your total cost in the plan includes everything that you paid. Turbotax military It also includes amounts your employer contributed that were taxable to you when paid. Turbotax military However, see Foreign employment contributions , later. Turbotax military   From this total cost, subtract any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, unrepaid loans, or other tax-free amounts you received by the later of the annuity starting date or the date on which you received your first payment. Turbotax military   The annuity starting date is the later of the first day of the first period for which you received a payment from the plan or the date on which the plan's obligations became fixed. Turbotax military    The amount of your contributions to the plan may be shown in box 9b of any Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. Turbotax military , that you receive. Turbotax military Foreign employment contributions. Turbotax military   If you worked abroad, certain amounts your employer paid into your retirement plan that were not includible in your gross income may be considered part of your cost. Turbotax military For details, see Foreign employment contributions in Publication 575. Turbotax military Withholding. Turbotax military   The payer of your pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, annuity, or deferred compensation plan will withhold income tax on the taxable part of amounts paid to you. Turbotax military However, you can choose not to have tax withheld on the payments you receive, unless they are eligible rollover distributions. Turbotax military (These are distributions that are eligible for rollover treatment but are not paid directly to another qualified retirement plan or to a traditional IRA. Turbotax military ) See Withholding Tax and Estimated Tax and Rollovers in Publication 575 for more information. Turbotax military   For payments other than eligible rollover distributions, you can tell the payer how much to withhold by filing a Form W-4P, Withholding Certificate for Pension or Annuity Payments. Turbotax military Simplified Method. Turbotax military   Under the Simplified Method, you figure the tax-free part of each annuity payment by dividing your cost by the total number of anticipated monthly payments. Turbotax military For an annuity that is payable over the lives of the annuitants, this number is based on the annuitants' ages on the annuity starting date and is determined from a table. Turbotax military For any other annuity, this number is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Turbotax military Who must use the Simplified Method. Turbotax military   You must use the Simplified Method if your annuity starting date is after November 18, 1996, and you receive your pension or annuity payments from a qualified plan or annuity, unless you were at least 75 years old and entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments (defined next). Turbotax military   In addition, if your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, you could have chosen to use the Simplified Method for payments from a qualified plan, unless you were at least 75 years old and entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments. Turbotax military If you chose to use the Simplified Method, you must continue to use it each year that you recover part of your cost. Turbotax military Guaranteed payments. Turbotax military   Your annuity contract provides guaranteed payments if a minimum number of payments or a minimum amount (for example, the amount of your investment) is payable even if you and any survivor annuitant do not live to receive the minimum. Turbotax military If the minimum amount is less than the total amount of the payments you are to receive, barring death, during the first 5 years after payments begin (figured by ignoring any payment increases), you are entitled to less than 5 years of guaranteed payments. Turbotax military Who cannot use the Simplified Method. Turbotax military   You cannot use the Simplified Method and must use the General Rule if you receive pension or annuity payments from: A nonqualified plan, such as a private annuity, a purchased commercial annuity, or a nonqualified employee plan, or A qualified plan if you are age 75 or older on your annuity starting date and you are entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments (defined above). Turbotax military   In addition, you had to use the General Rule for either circumstance described above if your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996. Turbotax military If you did not have to use the General Rule, you could have chosen to use it. Turbotax military You also had to use the General Rule for payments from a qualified plan if your annuity starting date is before July 2, 1986, and you did not qualify to use the Three-Year Rule. Turbotax military   If you had to use the General Rule (or chose to use it), you must continue to use it each year that you recover your cost. Turbotax military   Unless your annuity starting date was before 1987, once you have recovered all of your non-taxable investment, all of each remaining payment you receive is fully taxable. Turbotax military Once your remaining payments are fully taxable, there is no longer a concern with the General Rule or Simplified Method. Turbotax military   Complete information on the General Rule, including the actuarial tables you need, is contained in Publication 939, General Rule for Pensions and Annuities. Turbotax military How to use the Simplified Method. Turbotax military   Complete the Simplified Method Worksheet in the Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR instructions or in Publication 575 to figure your taxable annuity for 2013. Turbotax military Be sure to keep the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity next year. Turbotax military   To complete line 3 of the worksheet, you must determine the total number of expected monthly payments for your annuity. Turbotax military How you do this depends on whether the annuity is for a single life, multiple lives, or a fixed period. Turbotax military For this purpose, treat an annuity that is payable over the life of an annuitant as payable for that annuitant's life even if the annuity has a fixed-period feature or also provides a temporary annuity payable to the annuitant's child under age 25. Turbotax military    You do not need to complete line 3 of the worksheet or make the computation on line 4 if you received annuity payments last year and used last year's worksheet to figure your taxable annuity. Turbotax military Instead, enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 of this year's worksheet. Turbotax military Single-life annuity. Turbotax military   If your annuity is payable for your life alone, use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Turbotax military Enter on line 3 the number shown for your age on your annuity starting date. Turbotax military This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Turbotax military Multiple-lives annuity. Turbotax military   If your annuity is payable for the lives of more than one annuitant, use Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Turbotax military Enter on line 3 the number shown for the annuitants' combined ages on the annuity starting date. Turbotax military For an annuity payable to you as the primary annuitant and to more than one survivor annuitant, combine your age and the age of the youngest survivor annuitant. Turbotax military For an annuity that has no primary annuitant and is payable to you and others as survivor annuitants, combine the ages of the oldest and youngest annuitants. Turbotax military Do not treat as a survivor annuitant anyone whose entitlement to payments depends on an event other than the primary annuitant's death. Turbotax military   However, if your annuity starting date is before 1998, do not use Table 2 and do not combine the annuitants' ages. Turbotax military Instead, you must use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet and enter on line 3 the number shown for the primary annuitant's age on the annuity starting date. Turbotax military This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Turbotax military Fixed-period annuities. Turbotax military   If your annuity does not depend in whole or in part on anyone's life expectancy, the total number of expected monthly payments to enter on line 3 of the worksheet is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Turbotax military Line 6. Turbotax military   The amount on line 6 should include all amounts that could have been recovered in prior years. Turbotax military If you did not recover an amount in a prior year, you may be able to amend your returns for the affected years. Turbotax military    Be sure to keep a copy of the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity in later years. Turbotax military Example. Turbotax military Bill Smith, age 65, began receiving retirement benefits in 2013, under a joint and survivor annuity. Turbotax military Bill's annuity starting date is January 1, 2013. Turbotax military The benefits are to be paid over the joint lives of Bill and his wife, Kathy, age 65. Turbotax military Bill had contributed $31,000 to a qualified plan and had received no distributions before the annuity starting date. Turbotax military Bill is to receive a retirement benefit of $1,200 a month, and Kathy is to receive a monthly survivor benefit of $600 upon Bill's death. Turbotax military Bill must use the Simplified Method to figure his taxable annuity because his payments are from a qualified plan and he is under age 75. Turbotax military See the illustrated Worksheet 2-A, Simplified Method Worksheet, later. Turbotax military You can find a blank version of this worksheet in Publication 575. Turbotax military (The references in the illustrated worksheet are to sections in Publication 575). Turbotax military His annuity is payable over the lives of more than one annuitant, so Bill uses his and Kathy's combined ages, 130 (65 + 65), and Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet in completing line 3 of the worksheet and finds the line 3 amount to be 310. Turbotax military Bill's tax-free monthly amount is $100 ($31,000 ÷ 310 as shown on line 4 of the worksheet). Turbotax military Upon Bill's death, if Bill has not recovered the full $31,000 investment, Kathy will also exclude $100 from her $600 monthly payment. Turbotax military The full amount of any annuity payments received after 310 payments are paid must generally be included in gross income. Turbotax military If Bill and Kathy die before 310 payments are made, a miscellaneous itemized deduction will be allowed for the unrecovered cost on the final income tax return of the last to die. Turbotax military This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Turbotax military Worksheet 2-A. Turbotax military Simplified Method Worksheet—Illustrated 1. Turbotax military Enter the total pension or annuity payments received this year. Turbotax military Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a 1. Turbotax military $ 14,400 2. Turbotax military Enter your cost in the plan (contract) at the annuity starting date plus any death benefit exclusion* See Cost (Investment in the Contract), earlier 2. Turbotax military 31,000   Note. Turbotax military If your annuity starting date was before this year and you completed this worksheet last year, skip line 3 and enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 below (even if the amount of your pension or annuity has changed). Turbotax military Otherwise, go to line 3. Turbotax military     3. Turbotax military Enter the appropriate number from Table 1 below. Turbotax military But if your annuity starting date was after 1997 and the payments are for your life and that of your beneficiary, enter the appropriate number from Table 2 below 3. Turbotax military 310 4. Turbotax military Divide line 2 by the number on line 3 4. Turbotax military 100 5. Turbotax military Multiply line 4 by the number of months for which this year's payments were made. Turbotax military If your annuity starting date was before 1987, enter this amount on line 8 below and skip lines 6, 7, 10, and 11. Turbotax military Otherwise, go to line 6 5. Turbotax military 1,200 6. Turbotax military Enter any amount previously recovered tax free in years after 1986. Turbotax military This is the amount shown on line 10 of your worksheet for last year 6. Turbotax military 0 7. Turbotax military Subtract line 6 from line 2 7. Turbotax military 31,000 8. Turbotax military Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 7 8. Turbotax military 1,200 9. Turbotax military Taxable amount for year. Turbotax military Subtract line 8 from line 1. Turbotax military Enter the result, but not less than zero. Turbotax military Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Turbotax military Note. Turbotax military If your Form 1099-R shows a larger taxable amount, use the amount figured on this line instead. Turbotax military If you are a retired public safety officer, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers, earlier, before entering an amount on your tax return. Turbotax military 9. Turbotax military $ 13,200 10. Turbotax military Was your annuity starting date before 1987? □ Yes. Turbotax military STOP. Turbotax military Do not complete the rest of this worksheet. Turbotax military  ☑ No. Turbotax military Add lines 6 and 8. Turbotax military This is the amount you have recovered tax free through 2013. Turbotax military You will need this number if you need to fill out this worksheet next year. Turbotax military 10. Turbotax military 1,200 11. Turbotax military Balance of cost to be recovered. Turbotax military Subtract line 10 from line 2. Turbotax military If zero, you will not have to complete this worksheet next year. Turbotax military The payments you receive next year will generally be fully taxable 11. Turbotax military $ 29,800 * A death benefit exclusion (up to $5,000) applied to certain benefits received by employees who died before August 21, 1996. Turbotax military   Table 1 for Line 3 Above       AND your annuity starting date was—   IF your age on your annuity starting date was . Turbotax military . Turbotax military . Turbotax military   BEFORE November 19, 1996, enter on line 3 . Turbotax military . Turbotax military . Turbotax military AFTER November 18, 1996, enter on line 3 . Turbotax military . Turbotax military . Turbotax military   55 or under 300 360   56-60 260 310   61-65 240 260   66-70 170 210   71 or over 120 160 Table 2 for Line 3 Above   IF the annuitants' combined ages on your annuity starting date were . Turbotax military . Turbotax military . Turbotax military   THEN enter on line 3 . Turbotax military . Turbotax military . Turbotax military         110 or under   410         111-120   360         121-130   310         131-140   260         141 or over   210       Survivors of retirees. Turbotax military   Benefits paid to you as a survivor under a joint and survivor annuity must be included in your gross income in the same way the retiree would have included them in gross income. Turbotax military   If you receive a survivor annuity because of the death of a retiree who had reported the annuity under the Three-Year Rule, include the total received in your income. Turbotax military The retiree's cost has already been recovered tax free. Turbotax military   If the retiree was reporting the annuity payments under the General Rule, you must apply the same exclusion percentage the retiree used to your initial payment called for in the contract. Turbotax military The resulting tax-free amount will then remain fixed. Turbotax military Any increases in the survivor annuity are fully taxable. Turbotax military   If the retiree was reporting the annuity payments under the Simplified Method, the part of each payment that is tax free is the same as the tax-free amount figured by the retiree at the annuity starting date. Turbotax military See Simplified Method , earlier. Turbotax military How to report. Turbotax military   If you file Form 1040, report your total annuity on line 16a, and the taxable part on line 16b. Turbotax military If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 16b. Turbotax military Do not make an entry on line 16a. Turbotax military   If you file Form 1040A, report your total annuity on line 12a, and the taxable part on line 12b. Turbotax military If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 12b. Turbotax military Do not make an entry on line 12a. Turbotax military   If you file Form 1040NR, report your total annuity on line 17a, and the taxable part on line 17b. Turbotax military If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 17b. Turbotax military Do not make an entry on line 17a. Turbotax military Example. Turbotax military You are a Form 1040 filer and you received monthly payments totaling $1,200 (12 months x $100) during 2013 from a pension plan that was completely financed by your employer. Turbotax military You had paid no tax on the payments that your employer made to the plan, and the payments were not used to pay for accident, health, or long-term care insurance premiums (as discussed later under Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers ). Turbotax military The entire $1,200 is taxable. Turbotax military You include $1,200 only on Form 1040, line 16b. Turbotax military Joint return. Turbotax military   If you file a joint return and you and your spouse each receive one or more pensions or annuities, report the total of the pensions and annuities on line 16a of Form 1040, line 12a of Form 1040A, or line 17a of Form 1040NR. Turbotax military Report the total of the taxable parts on line 16b of Form 1040, line 12b of Form 1040A, or line 17b of Form 1040NR. Turbotax military Form 1099-R. Turbotax military   You should receive a Form 1099-R for your pension or annuity. Turbotax military Form 1099-R shows your pension or annuity for the year and any income tax withheld. Turbotax military You should receive a Form W-2 if you receive distributions from certain nonqualified plans. Turbotax military You must attach Forms 1099-R or Forms W-2 to your 2013 tax return if federal income tax was withheld. Turbotax military Generally, you should be sent these forms by January 31, 2014. Turbotax military Nonperiodic Distributions If you receive a nonperiodic distribution from your retirement plan, you may be able to exclude all or part of it from your income as a recovery of your cost. Turbotax military Nonperiodic distributions include cash withdrawals, distributions of current earnings (dividends) on your investment, and certain loans. Turbotax military For information on how to figure the taxable amount of a nonperiodic distribution, see Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments in Publication 575. Turbotax military The taxable part of a nonperiodic distribution may be subject to an additional 10% tax. Turbotax military See Tax on Early Distributions, later. Turbotax military Lump-sum distributions. Turbotax military   If you receive a lump-sum distribution from a qualified employee plan or qualified employee annuity and the plan participant was born before January 2, 1936, you may be able to elect optional methods of figuring the tax on the distribution. Turbotax military The part from active participation in the plan before 1974 may qualify as capital gain subject to a 20% tax rate. Turbotax military The part from participation after 1973 (and any part from participation before 1974 that you do not report as capital gain) is ordinary income. Turbotax military You may be able to use the 10-year tax option to figure tax on the ordinary income part. Turbotax military Form 1099-R. Turbotax military   If you receive a total distribution from a plan, you should receive a Form 1099-R. Turbotax military If the distribution qualifies as a lump-sum distribution, box 3 shows the capital gain part of the distribution. Turbotax military The amount in box 2a, Taxable amount, minus the amount in box 3, Capital gain, is the ordinary income part. Turbotax military More information. Turbotax military   For more detailed information on lump-sum distributions, see Publication 575 or Form 4972, Tax on Lump-Sum Distributions. Turbotax military Tax on Early Distributions Most distributions you receive from your qualified retirement plan and nonqualified annuity contracts before you reach age 59½ are subject to an additional tax of 10%. Turbotax military The tax applies to the taxable part of the distribution. Turbotax military For this purpose, a qualified retirement plan is: A qualified employee plan (including a qualified cash or deferred arrangement (CODA) under Internal Revenue Code section 401(k)), A qualified employee annuity plan, A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan), or An eligible state or local government section 457 deferred compensation plan (to the extent that any distribution is attributable to amounts the plan received in a direct transfer or rollover from one of the other plans listed here or an IRA). Turbotax military  An IRA is also a qualified retirement plan for purposes of this tax. Turbotax military General exceptions to tax. Turbotax military   The early distribution tax does not apply to any distributions that are: Made as part of a series of substantially equal periodic payments (made at least annually) for your life (or life expectancy) or the joint lives (or joint life expectancies) of you and your designated beneficiary (if from a qualified retirement plan, the payments must begin after separation from service), Made because you are totally and permanently disabled, or Made on or after the death of the plan participant or contract holder. Turbotax military Additional exceptions. Turbotax military   There are additional exceptions to the early distribution tax for certain distributions from qualified retirement plans and nonqualified annuity contracts. Turbotax military See Publication 575 for details. Turbotax military Reporting tax. Turbotax military   If you owe only the tax on early distributions and distribution code 1 (early distribution, no known exception) is correctly shown in Form 1099-R, box 7, multiply the taxable part of the early distribution by 10% (. Turbotax military 10) and enter the result on Form 1040, line 58, or Form 1040NR, line 56. Turbotax military See the instructions for line 58 of Form 1040 or line 56 of Form 1040NR for more information about reporting the early distribution tax. Turbotax military Tax on Excess Accumulation To make sure that most of your retirement benefits are paid to you during your lifetime, rather than to your beneficiaries after your death, the payments that you receive from qualified retirement plans must begin no later than your required beginning date. Turbotax military Unless the rule for 5% owners applies, this is generally April 1 of the year that follows the later of: The calendar year in which you reach age 70½, or The calendar year in which you retire from employment with the employer maintaining the plan. Turbotax military However, your plan may require you to begin to receive payments by April 1 of the year that follows the year in which you reach 70½, even if you have not retired. Turbotax military For this purpose, a qualified retirement plan includes: A qualified employee plan, A qualified employee annuity plan, An eligible section 457 deferred compensation plan, or A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan) (for benefits accruing after 1986). Turbotax military  An IRA is also a qualified retirement plan for purposes of this tax. Turbotax military An excess accumulation is the undistributed remainder of the required minimum distribution that was left in your qualified retirement plan. Turbotax military 5% owners. Turbotax military   If you own (or are considered to own under section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code) more than 5% of the company maintaining your qualified retirement plan, you must begin to receive distributions from the plan by April 1 of the year after the calendar year in which you reach age 70½. Turbotax military See Publication 575 for more information. Turbotax military Amount of tax. Turbotax military   If you do not receive the required minimum distribution, you are subject to an additional tax. Turbotax military The tax equals 50% of the difference between the amount that must be distributed and the amount that was distributed during the tax year. Turbotax military You can get this excise tax excused if you establish that the shortfall in distributions was due to reasonable error and that you are taking reasonable steps to remedy the shortfall. Turbotax military Form 5329. Turbotax military   You must file a Form 5329 if you owe a tax because you did not receive a minimum required distribution from your qualified retirement plan. Turbotax military Additional information. Turbotax military   For more detailed information on the tax on excess accumulation, see Publication 575. Turbotax military Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers If you are an eligible retired public safety officer (law enforcement officer, firefighter, chaplain, or member of a rescue squad or ambulance crew), you can elect to exclude from income distributions made from your eligible retirement plan that are used to pay the premiums for accident or health insurance or long-term care insurance. Turbotax military The premiums can be for coverage for you, your spouse, or dependent(s). Turbotax military The distribution must be made directly from the plan to the insurance provider. Turbotax military You can exclude from income the smaller of the amount of the insurance premiums or $3,000. Turbotax military You can only make this election for amounts that would otherwise be included in your income. Turbotax military The amount excluded from your income cannot be used to claim a medical expense deduction. Turbotax military An eligible retirement plan is a governmental plan that is a: Qualified trust, Section 403(a) plan, Section 403(b) annuity, or Section 457(b) plan. Turbotax military If you make this election, reduce the otherwise taxable amount of your pension or annuity by the amount excluded. Turbotax military The taxable amount shown in box 2a of any Form 1099-R that you receive does not reflect the exclusion. Turbotax military Report your total distributions on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. Turbotax military Report the taxable amount on Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Turbotax military Enter “PSO” next to the appropriate line on which you report the taxable amount. Turbotax military Railroad Retirement Benefits Benefits paid under the Railroad Retirement Act fall into two categories. Turbotax military These categories are treated differently for income tax purposes. Turbotax military Social security equivalent benefits. Turbotax military   The first category is the amount of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits that equals the social security benefit that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. Turbotax military This part of the tier 1 benefit is the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) and is treated for tax purposes like social security benefits. Turbotax military (See Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits , later. Turbotax military ) Non-social security equivalent benefits. Turbotax military   The second category contains the rest of the tier 1 benefits, called the non-social security equivalent benefit (NSSEB). Turbotax military It also contains any tier 2 benefit, vested dual benefit (VDB), and supplemental annuity benefit. Turbotax military This category of benefits is treated as an amount received from a qualified employee plan. Turbotax military This allows for the tax-free (nontaxable) recovery of employee contributions from the tier 2 benefits and the NSSEB part of the tier 1 benefits. Turbotax military Vested dual benefits and supplemental annuity benefits are non-contributory pensions and are fully taxable. Turbotax military More information. Turbotax military   For more information about railroad retirement benefits, see Publication 575. Turbotax military Military Retirement Pay Military retirement pay based on age or length of service is taxable and must be included in income as a pension on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; on Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or on Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. Turbotax military But, certain military and government disability pensions that are based on a percentage of disability from active service in the Armed Forces of any country generally are not taxable. Turbotax military For more information, including information about veterans' benefits and insurance, see Publication 525. Turbotax military Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits This discussion explains the federal income tax rules for social security benefits and equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Turbotax military Social security benefits include monthly retirement, survivor, and disability benefits. Turbotax military They do not include supplemental security income (SSI) payments, which are not taxable. Turbotax military Equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits are the part of tier 1 benefits that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. Turbotax military They commonly are called the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) portion of tier 1 benefits. Turbotax military If you received these benefits during 2013, you should have received a Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099 (Form SSA-1042S or Form RRB-1042S if you are a nonresident alien), showing the amount of the benefits. Turbotax military Are Any of Your Benefits Taxable? Note. Turbotax military When the term “benefits” is used in this section, it applies to both social security benefits and the SSEB portion of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Turbotax military  To find out whether any of your benefits may be taxable, compare the base amount for your filing status (explained later) with the total of: One-half of your benefits, plus All your other income, including tax-exempt interest. Turbotax military When making this comparison, do not reduce your other income by any exclusions for: Interest from qualified U. Turbotax military S. Turbotax military savings bonds, Employer-provided adoption benefits, Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or Income earned in American Samoa or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents. Turbotax military Figuring total income. Turbotax military   To figure the total of one-half of your benefits plus your other income, use Worksheet 2-B. Turbotax military If that total amount is more than your base amount, part of your benefits may be taxable. Turbotax military If you are married and file a joint return for 2013, you and your spouse must combine your incomes and your benefits to figure whether any of your combined benefits are taxable. Turbotax military Even if your spouse did not receive any benefits, you must add your spouse's income to yours to figure whether any of your benefits are taxable. Turbotax military If the only income you received during 2013 was your social security or the SSEB portion of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, your benefits generally are not taxable and you probably do not have to file a return. Turbotax military If you have income in addition to your benefits, you may have to file a return even if none of your benefits are taxable. Turbotax military Worksheet 2-B. Turbotax military A Quick Way To Check if Your Benefits May Be Taxable A. Turbotax military Enter the amount from box 5 of all your Forms SSA-1099 and RRB-1099. Turbotax military Include  the full amount of any lump-sum benefit payments received in 2013, for 2013 and  earlier years. Turbotax military (If you received more than one form, combine the amounts from box 5  and enter the total. Turbotax military ) A. Turbotax military     Note. Turbotax military If the amount on line A is zero or less, stop here; none of your benefits are  taxable this year. Turbotax military     B. Turbotax military Enter one-half of the amount on line A B. Turbotax military   C. Turbotax military Enter your taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends, and other taxable income C. Turbotax military   D. Turbotax military Enter any tax-exempt interest income (such as interest on municipal bonds) plus any exclusions from income for: •Interest from qualified U. Turbotax military S. Turbotax military savings bonds, •Employer-provided adoption benefits, •Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or •Income earned in American Samoa or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents D. Turbotax military   E. Turbotax military Add lines B, C, and D and enter the total E. Turbotax military   F. Turbotax military If you are: •Married filing jointly, enter $32,000 •Single, head of household, qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately and you  lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, enter $25,000 •Married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during 2013,  enter -0- F. Turbotax military   G. Turbotax military Is the amount on line F less than or equal to the amount on line E? □ No. Turbotax military None of your benefits are taxable this year. Turbotax military  □ Yes. Turbotax military Some of your benefits may be taxable. Turbotax military To figure how much of your benefits  are taxable, see Which worksheet to use under How Much Is Taxable. Turbotax military     Base Amount Your base amount is: $25,000 if you are single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, $25,000 if you are married filing separately and lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, $32,000 if you are married filing jointly, or $0 if you are married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during 2013. Turbotax military Repayment of Benefits Any repayment of benefits you made during 2013 must be subtracted from the gross benefits you received in 2013. Turbotax military It does not matter whether the repayment was for a benefit you received in 2013 or in an earlier year. Turbotax military If you repaid more than the gross benefits you received in 2013, see Repayments More Than Gross Benefits , later. Turbotax military Your gross benefits are shown in box 3 of Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099. Turbotax military Your repayments are shown in box 4. Turbotax military The amount in box 5 shows your net benefits for 2013 (box 3 minus box 4). Turbotax military Use the amount in box 5 to figure whether any of your benefits are taxable. Turbotax military Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax You can choose to have federal income tax withheld from your social security and/or the SSEB portion of your tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Turbotax military If you choose to do this, you must complete a Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. Turbotax military If you do not choose to have income tax withheld, you may have to request additional withholding from other income, or pay estimated tax during the year. Turbotax military For details, see Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, or the instructions for Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals. Turbotax military How Much Is Taxable? If part of your benefits is taxable, how much is taxable depends on the total amount of your benefits and other income. Turbotax military Generally, the higher that total amount, the greater the taxable part of your benefits. Turbotax military Maximum taxable part. Turbotax military   The taxable part of your benefits usually cannot be more than 50%. Turbotax military However, up to 85% of your benefits can be taxable if either of the following situations applies to you. Turbotax military The total of one-half of your benefits and all your other income is more than $34,000 ($44,000 if you are married filing jointly). Turbotax military You are married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during 2013. Turbotax military   If you are a nonresident alien, 85% of your benefits are taxable. Turbotax military However, this income is exempt under some tax treaties. Turbotax military Which worksheet to use. Turbotax military   A worksheet to figure your taxable benefits is in the instructions for your Form 1040 or 1040A. Turbotax military However, you will need to use a different worksheet(s) if any of the following situations applies to you. Turbotax military You contributed to a traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA) and you or your spouse were covered by a retirement plan at work. Turbotax military In this situation, you must use the special worksheets in Appendix B of Publication 590 to figure both your IRA deduction and your taxable benefits. Turbotax military Situation (1) does not apply and you take one or more of the following exclusions. Turbotax military Interest from qualified U. Turbotax military S. Turbotax military savings bonds (Form 8815). Turbotax military Employer-provided adoption benefits (Form 8839). Turbotax military Foreign earned income or housing (Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ). Turbotax military Income earned in American Samoa (Form 4563) or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents. Turbotax military In these situations, you must use Worksheet 1 in Publication 915, Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, to figure your taxable benefits. Turbotax military You received a lump-sum payment for an earlier year. Turbotax military In this situation, also complete Worksheet 2 or 3 and Worksheet 4 in Publication 915. Turbotax military See Lump-Sum Election , later. Turbotax military How To Report Your Benefits If part of your benefits are taxable, you must use Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR. Turbotax military You cannot use Form 1040EZ. Turbotax military Reporting on Form 1040. Turbotax military   Report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on line 20a and the taxable part on line 20b. Turbotax military If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on line 20a. Turbotax military Reporting on Form 1040A. Turbotax military   Report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on line 14a and the taxable part on line 14b. Turbotax military If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on line 14a. Turbotax military Reporting on Form 1040NR. Turbotax military   Report 85% of the total amount of your benefits (box 5 of your Form SSA-1042S or Form RRB-1042S) in the appropriate column of Form 1040NR, Schedule NEC, line 8. Turbotax military Benefits not taxable. Turbotax military   If you are filing Form 1040EZ, do not report any benefits on your tax return. Turbotax military If you are filing Form 1040 or Form 1040A, report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on Form 1040, line 20a, or Form 1040A, line 14a. Turbotax military Enter -0- on Form 1040, line 20b, or Form 1040A, line 14b. Turbotax military If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on Form 1040, line 20a, or Form 1040A, line 14a. Turbotax military Lump-Sum Election You must include the taxable part of a lump-sum (retroactive) payment of benefits received in 2013 in your 2013 income, even if the payment includes benefits for an earlier year. Turbotax military This type of lump-sum benefit payment should not be confused with the lump-sum death benefit that both the SSA and RRB pay to many of their beneficiaries. Turbotax military No part of the lump-sum death benefit is subject to tax. Turbotax military For more information about the lump-sum death benefit, visit the Social Security Administration website at www. Turbotax military SSA. Turbotax military gov, and use keyword: death benefit. Turbotax military Generally, you use your 2013 income to figure the taxable part of the total benefits received in 2013. Turbotax military However, you may be able to figure the taxable part of a lump-sum payment for an earlier year separately, using your income for the earlier year. Turbotax military You can elect this method if it lowers your taxable benefits. Turbotax military See Publication 915 for more information. Turbotax military Repayments More Than Gross Benefits In some situations, your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099 will show that the total benefits you repaid (box 4) are more than the gross benefits (box 3) you received. Turbotax military If this occurred, your net benefits in box 5 will be a negative figure (a figure in parentheses) and none of your benefits will be taxable. Turbotax military If you receive more than one form, a negative figure in box 5 of one form is used to offset a positive figure in box 5 of another form for that same year. Turbotax military If you have any questions about this negative figure, contact your local Social Security Administration office or your local U. Turbotax military S. Turbotax military Railroad Retirement Board field office. Turbotax military Joint return. Turbotax military   If you and your spouse file a joint return, and your Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099 has a negative figure in box 5 but your spouse's does not, subtract the box 5 amount on your form from the box 5 amount on your spouse's form. Turbotax military You do this to get your net benefits when figuring if your combined benefits are taxable. Turbotax military Repayment of benefits received in an earlier year. Turbotax military   If the total amount shown in box 5 of all of your Forms SSA-1099 and RRB-1099 is a negative figure, you can take an itemized deduction for the part of this negative figure that represents benefits you included in gross income in an earlier year. Turbotax military   If this deduction is $3,000 or less, it is subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to certain miscellaneous itemized deductions. Turbotax military Claim it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Turbotax military   If this deduction is more than $3,000, you have to follow some special instructions. Turbotax military See Publication 915 for those instructions. Turbotax military Sickness and Injury Benefits Generally, you must report as income any amount you receive for personal injury or sickness through an accident or health plan that is paid for by your employer. Turbotax military If both you and your employer pay for the plan, only the amount you receive that is due to your employer's payments is reported as income. Turbotax military However, certain payments may not be taxable to you. Turbotax military Some of these payments are discussed later in this section. Turbotax military Also, see Military and Government Disability Pensions and Other Sickness and Injury Benefits in Publication 525. Turbotax military Cost paid by you. Turbotax military   If you pay the entire cost of an accident or health plan, do not include any amounts you receive from the plan for personal injury or sickness as income on your tax return. Turbotax military If your plan reimbursed you for medical expenses you deducted in an earlier year, you may have to include some, or all, of the reimbursement in your income. Turbotax military Disability Pensions If you retired on disability, you must include in income any disability pension you receive under a plan that is paid for by your employer. Turbotax military You must report your taxable disability payments as wages on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 8 of Form 1040NR until you reach minimum retirement age. Turbotax military Minimum retirement age generally is the age at which you can first receive a pension or annuity if you are not disabled. Turbotax military If you were 65 or older by the end of 2013 or you were retired on permanent and total disability and received taxable disability income, you may be able to claim the credit for the elderly or the disabled. Turbotax military See Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled, later. Turbotax military For more information on this credit, see Publication 524, Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled. Turbotax military Beginning on the day after you reach minimum retirement age, payments you receive are taxable as a pension or annuity. Turbotax military Report the payments on lines 16a and 16b of Form 1040, on lines 12a and 12b of Form 1040A, or on lines 17a and 17b of Form 1040NR. Turbotax military For more information on pensions and annuities, see Publication 575. Turbotax military Retirement and profit-sharing plans. Turbotax military   If you receive payments from a retirement or profit-sharing plan that does not provide for disability retirement, do not treat the payments as a disability pension. Turbotax military The payments must be reported as a pension or annuity. Turbotax military Accrued leave payment. Turbotax military   If you retire on disability, any lump-sum payment you receive for accrued annual leave is a salary payment. Turbotax military The payment is not a disability payment. Turbotax military Include it in your income in the tax year you receive it. Turbotax military Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts In most cases, long-term care insurance contracts generally are treated as accident and health insurance contracts. Turbotax military Amounts you receive from them (other than policyholder dividends or premium refunds) generally are excludable from income as amounts received for personal injury or sickness. Turbotax military However, the amount you can exclude may be limited. Turbotax military Long-term care insurance contracts are discussed in more detail in Publication 525. Turbotax military Workers' Compensation Amounts you receive as workers' compensation for an occupational sickness or injury are fully exempt from tax if they are paid under a workers' compensation act or a statute in the nature of a workers' compensation act. Turbotax military The exemption also applies to your survivors. Turbotax military The exemption, however, does not apply to retirement plan benefits you receive based on your age, length of service, or prior contributions to the plan, even if you retired because of an occupational sickness or injury. Turbotax military If part of your workers' compensation reduces your social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, that part is considered social security (or equivalent railroad retirement) benefits and may be taxable. Turbotax military For a discussion of the taxability of these benefits, see Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, earlier. Turbotax military Return to work. Turbotax military   If you return to work after qualifying for workers' compensation, salary payments you receive for performing light duties are taxable as wages. Turbotax military Other Sickness and Injury Benefits In addition to disability pensions and annuities, you may receive other payments for sickness or injury. Turbotax military Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA). Turbotax military   Payments received under this Act for personal injury or sickness, including payments to beneficiaries in case of death, are not taxable. Turbotax military However, you are taxed on amounts you receive under this Act as continuation of pay for up to 45 days while a claim is being decided. Turbotax military Report this income on Form 1040, line 7; Form 1040A, line 7; on Form 1040EZ, line 1; or Form 1040NR, line 8. Turbotax military Also, pay for sick leave while a claim is being processed is taxable and must be included in your income as wages. Turbotax military    If part of the payments you receive under FECA reduces your social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, that part is considered social security (or equivalent railroad retirement) benefits and may be taxable. Turbotax military For a discussion of the taxability of these benefits, see Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, earlier. Turbotax military Other compensation. Turbotax military   Many other amounts you receive as compensation for sickness or injury are not taxable. Turbotax military These include the following amounts. Turbotax military Benefits you receive under an accident or health insurance policy on which either you paid the premiums or your employer paid the premiums but you had to include them in your income. Turbotax military Disability benefits you receive for loss of income or earning capacity as a result of injuries under a no-fault car insurance policy. Turbotax military Compensation you receive for permanent loss or loss of use of a part or function of your body, for your permanent disfigurement, or for such loss or disfigurement suffered by your spouse or dependent(s). Turbotax military This compensation must be based only on the injury and not on the period of your absence from work. Turbotax military These benefits are not taxable even if your employer pays for the accident and health plan that provides these benefits. Turbotax military Life Insurance Proceeds Life insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of the insured person are not taxable unless the policy was turned over to you for a price. Turbotax military This is true even if the proceeds were paid under an accident or health insurance policy or an endowment contract. Turbotax military Proceeds not received in installments. Turbotax military   If death benefits are paid to you in a lump sum or other than at regular intervals, include in your income only the benefits that are more than the amount payable to you at the time of the insured person's death. Turbotax military If the benefit payable at death is not specified, you include in your income the benefit payments that are more than the present value of the payments at the time of death. Turbotax military Proceeds received in installments. Turbotax military   If you receive life insurance proceeds in installments, you can exclude part of each installment from your income. Turbotax military   To determine the excluded part, divide the amount held by the insurance company (generally the total lump sum payable at the death of the insured person) by the number of installments to be paid. Turbotax military Include anything over this excluded part in your income as interest. Turbotax military Installments for life. Turbotax military   If, as the beneficiary under an insurance contract, you are entitled to receive the proceeds in installments for the rest of your life without a refund or period-certain guarantee, you figure the excluded part of each installment by dividing the amount held by the insurance company by your life expectancy. Turbotax military If there is a refund or period-certain guarantee, the amount held by the insurance company for this purpose is reduced by the actuarial value of the guarantee. Turbotax military Surviving spouse. Turbotax military   If your spouse died before October 23, 1986, and insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of your spouse are received in installments, you can exclude, in any year, up to $1,000 of the interest included in the installments. Turbotax military If you remarry, you can continue to take the exclusion. Turbotax military Surrender of policy for cash. Turbotax military   If you surrender a life insurance policy for cash, you must include in income any proceeds that are more than the cost of the life insurance policy. Turbotax military In general, your cost (or investment in the contract) is the total of premiums that you paid for the life insurance policy, less any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, or unrepaid loans that were not included in your income. Turbotax military You should receive a Form 1099-R showing the total proceeds and the taxable part. Turbotax military Report these amounts on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. Turbotax military Endowment Contract Proceeds An endowment contract is a policy that pays over to you a specified amount of money on a certain date unless you die before that date, in which case, the money is paid to your designated beneficiary. Turbotax military Endowment proceeds paid in a lump sum to you at maturity are taxable only if the proceeds are more than the cost of the policy. Turbotax military To determine your cost, subtract from the total premiums (or other consideration) paid for the contract any amount that you previously received under the contract and excluded from your income. Turbotax military Include in your income the part of the lump-sum payment that is more than your cost. Turbotax military Endowment proceeds that you choose to receive in installments instead of a lump-sum payment at the maturity of the policy are taxed as an annuity. Turbotax military The tax treatment of an annuity is explained in Publication 575. Turbotax military For this treatment to apply, you must choose to receive the proceeds in installments before receiving any part of the lump sum. Turbotax military This election must be made within 60 days after the lump-sum payment first becomes payable to you. Turbotax military Accelerated Death Benefits Certain amounts paid as accelerated death benefits under a life insurance contract or viatical settlement before the insured's death are generally excluded from income if the insured is terminally or chronically ill. Turbotax military However, see Exception , later. Turbotax military For a chronically ill individual, accelerated death benefits paid on the basis of costs incurred for qualified long-term care services are fully excludable. Turbotax military Accelerated death benefits paid on a per diem or other periodic basis without regard to the costs are excludable up to a limit. Turbotax military In addition, if any portion of a death benefit under a life insurance contract on the life of a terminally or chronically ill individual is sold or assigned to a viatical settlement provider, the amount received also is excluded from income. Turbotax military Generally, a viatical settlement provider is one who regularly engages in the business of buying or taking assignment of life insurance contracts on the lives of insured individuals who are terminally or chronically ill. Turbotax military To report taxable accelerated death benefits made on a per diem or other periodic basis, you must file Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts, with your return. Turbotax military Terminally or chronically ill defined. Turbotax military   A terminally ill person is one who has been certified by a physician as having an illness or physical condition that reasonably can be expected to result in death within 24 months from the date of the certification. Turbotax military A chronically ill person is one who is not terminally ill but has been certified (within the previous 12 months) by a licensed health care practitioner as meeting either of the following conditions. Turbotax military The person is unable to perform (without substantial help) at least two activities of daily living (eating, toileting, transferring, bathing, dressing, and continence) for a period of 90 days or more because of a loss of functional capacity. Turbotax military The person requires substantial supervision to protect himself or herself from threats to health and safety due to severe cognitive impairment. Turbotax military Exception. Turbotax military   The exclusion does not apply to any amount paid to a person other than the insured if that other person has an insurable interest in the life of the insured because the insured: Is a director, officer, or employee of the other person, or Has a financial interest in the business of the other person. Turbotax military Sale of Home You may be able to exclude from income any gain up to $250,000 ($500,000 on a joint return in most cases) on the sale of your main home. Turbotax military Generally, if you can exclude all of the gain, you do not need to report the sale on your tax return. Turbotax military You can choose not to take the exclusion by including the gain from the sale in your gross income on your tax return for the year of the sale. Turbotax military Main home. Turbotax military   Usually, your main home is the home you live in most of the time and can be a: House, Houseboat, Mobile home, Cooperative apartment, or Condominium. Turbotax military Repaying the first-time homebuyer credit because you sold your home. Turbotax military   If you claimed a first-time homebuyer credit for your main home and you sell it, you may have to repay the credit. Turbotax military For a home purchased in 2008 and used as your main home until sold in 2013, you must file Form 5405 and repay the balance of the unpaid credit on your 2013 tax return. Turbotax military   For a home purchased after 2008, you generally must repay the entire credit if the home was sold (or otherwise ceased to be your main home) within 36 months of the purchase date. Turbotax military If you purchased your home in 2009 and used it as your main home until sold in 2013, you do not have to repay the credit or file Form 5405. Turbotax military If you purchased your home in 2010 and used it as your main home until sold in 2013, you may have to file Form 5405 and repay the entire credit on your 2013 tax return. Turbotax military   See the Instructions for Form 5405 for more information about repaying the credit and exceptions to repayment that may apply to you. Turbotax military Maximum Amount of Exclusion You can generally exclude up to $250,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Turbotax military You meet the ownership test. Turbotax military You meet the use test. Turbotax military During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, you did not exclude gain from the sale of another home. Turbotax military You may be able to exclude up to $500,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if you are married and file a joint return and meet the requirements listed in the discussion of the special rules for joint returns, later, under Married Persons . Turbotax military Ownership and Use Tests To claim the exclusion, you must meet the ownership and use tests. Turbotax military This means that during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale, you must have: Owned the home for at least 2 years (the ownership test), and Lived in the home as your main home for at least 2 years (the use test). Turbotax military Exception to ownership and use tests. Turbotax military   If you owned and lived in the property as your main home for less than 2 years, you still can claim an exclusion in some cases. Turbotax military Generally, you must have sold the home due to a change in place of employment, health, or unforeseen circumstances. Turbotax military The maximum amount you can exclude will be reduced. Turbotax military See Publication 523, Selling Your Home, for more information. Turbotax military Exception to use test for individuals with a disability. Turbotax military   There is an exception to the use test if, during the 5-year period before the sale of your home: You become physically or mentally unable to care for yourself, and You owned and lived in your home as your main home for a total of at least 1 year. Turbotax military Under this exception, you are considered to live in your home during any time that you own the home and live in a facility (including a nursing home) that is licensed by a state or political subdivision to care for persons in your condition. Turbotax military   If you meet this exception to the use test, you still have to meet the 2-out-of-5-year ownership test to claim the exclusion. Turbotax military Exception to ownership test for property acquired in a like-kind exchange. Turbotax military   You must have owned your main home for at least 5 years to qualify for the exclusion if you acquired your main home in a like-kind exchange. Turbotax military This special 5-year ownership rule continues to apply to a home you acquired in a like-kind exchange and gave to another person. Turbotax military A like-kind exchange is an exchange of property held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment. Turbotax military See Publication 523 for more information. Turbotax military Period of nonqualified use. Turbotax military   Generally, the gain from the sale or exchange of your main home will not qualify for the exclusion to the extent that the gain is allocated to periods of nonqualified use. Turbotax military Nonqualified use is any period after December 31, 2008, during which the property is not used as the main home. Turbotax military See Publication 523 for more information. Turbotax military Married Persons In the special situations discussed below, if you and your spouse file a joint return for the year of sale and one spouse meets the ownership and use test, you can exclude up to $250,000 of gain. Turbotax military However, see Special rules for joint returns , next. Turbotax military Special rules for joint returns. Turbotax military   You can exclude up to $500,000 of the gain on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Turbotax military You are married and file a joint return for the year. Turbotax military Either you or your spouse meets the ownership test. Turbotax military Both you and your spouse meet the use test. Turbotax military During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, neither you nor your spouse exclude gain from the sale of another home. Turbotax military Sale of home by surviving spouse. Turbotax military   If your spouse died and you did not remarry before the date of sale, you are considered to have owned and lived in the property as your main home during any period of time when your spouse owned and lived in it as a main home. Turbotax military   If you meet all of the following requirements, you may qualify to exclude up to $500,000 of any gain from the sale or exchange of your main home in 2013. Turbotax military The sale or exchange took place no more than 2 years after the date of death of your spouse. Turbotax military You have not remarried. Turbotax military You and your spouse met the use test at the time of your spouse's death. Turbotax military You or your spouse met the ownership test at the time of your spouse's death. Turbotax military Neither you nor your spouse excluded gain from the sale of another home during the last 2 years. Turbotax military Home transferred from spouse. Turbotax military   If your home was transferred to you by your spouse (or former spouse if the transfer was incident to divorce), you are considered to have owned it during any period of time when your spouse owned it. Turbotax military Use of home after divorce. Turbotax military   You are considered to have used property as your main home during any period when: You owned it, and Your spouse or former spouse is allowed to live in it under a divorce or separation instrument and uses it as his or her main home. Turbotax military Business Use or Rental of Home You may be able to exclude gain from the sale of a home that you have used for business or to produce rental income. Turbotax military However, you must meet the ownership and use tests. Turbotax military See Publication 523 for more information. Turbotax military Depreciation after May 6, 1997. Turbotax military   If you were entitled to take depreciation deductions because you used your home for business purposes or as rental property, you cannot exclude the part of your gain equal to any depreciation allowed or allowable as a deduction for periods after May 6, 1997. Turbotax military See Publication 523 for more information. Turbotax military Reporting the Sale Do not report the 2013 sale of your main home on your tax return unless: You have a gain and you do not qualify to exclude all of it, You have a gain and you choose not to exclude it, or You received Form 1099-S. Turbotax military If you have a gain that you cannot or choose not to exclude, if you received a Form 1099-S, or if you have a deductible loss, report the sale on your tax return. Turbotax military Report the sale on Part I or Part II of Form 8949 as a short-term or long-term transaction, depending on how long you owned the home. Turbotax military If you used your home for business or to produce rental income, you may have to use Form 4797, Sales of Business Property, to report the sale of the business or rental part. Turbotax military See Publication 523 for more information. Turbotax military Reverse Mortgages A revers