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Taxact sign Publication 521 - Additional Material Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Better Business Bureaus (BBBs) are nonprofit organizations that encourage honest advertising and selling practices and are supported primarily by local businesses. They offer a variety of consumer services, including consumer education materials; business reports, particularly unanswered or unsettled complaints or other problems; mediation and arbitration services; and information about charities and other organizations that are seeking public donations. They also provide ratings (A, B, C, D, or F) of local companies to express the BBB's confidence that the company operates in a trustworthy manner and demonstrates a willingness to resolve customer concerns.

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Taxact sign Publication 575 - Main Content Table of Contents General InformationPension. Taxact sign Annuity. Taxact sign Qualified employee plan. Taxact sign Qualified employee annuity. Taxact sign Designated Roth account. Taxact sign Tax-sheltered annuity plan. Taxact sign Fixed-period annuities. Taxact sign Annuities for a single life. Taxact sign Joint and survivor annuities. Taxact sign Variable annuities. Taxact sign Disability pensions. Taxact sign Variable Annuities Section 457 Deferred Compensation Plans Disability Pensions Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers Railroad Retirement Benefits Withholding Tax and Estimated Tax Cost (Investment in the Contract)Foreign employment contributions while a nonresident alien. Taxact sign Taxation of Periodic PaymentsPeriod of participation. Taxact sign Fully Taxable Payments Partly Taxable Payments Taxation of Nonperiodic PaymentsFiguring the Taxable Amount Loans Treated as Distributions Transfers of Annuity Contracts Lump-Sum Distributions RolloversExceptions. Taxact sign No tax withheld. Taxact sign Partial rollovers. Taxact sign Frozen deposits. Taxact sign Reasonable period of time. Taxact sign 20% Mandatory withholding. Taxact sign How to report. Taxact sign How to report. Taxact sign Special rule for Roth IRAs and designated Roth accounts. Taxact sign Special Additional TaxesTax on Early Distributions Tax on Excess Accumulation Survivors and BeneficiariesGuaranteed payments. Taxact sign How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics General Information Definitions. Taxact sign   Some of the terms used in this publication are defined in the following paragraphs. Taxact sign Pension. Taxact sign   A pension is generally a series of definitely determinable payments made to you after you retire from work. Taxact sign Pension payments are made regularly and are based on such factors as years of service and prior compensation. Taxact sign Annuity. Taxact sign   An annuity is a series of payments under a contract made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year. Taxact sign They can be either fixed (under which you receive a definite amount) or variable (not fixed). Taxact sign You can buy the contract alone or with the help of your employer. Taxact sign Qualified employee plan. Taxact sign   A qualified employee plan is an employer's stock bonus, pension, or profit-sharing plan that is for the exclusive benefit of employees or their beneficiaries and that meets Internal Revenue Code requirements. Taxact sign It qualifies for special tax benefits, such as tax deferral for employer contributions and capital gain treatment or the 10-year tax option for lump-sum distributions (if participants qualify). Taxact sign To determine whether your plan is a qualified plan, check with your employer or the plan administrator. Taxact sign Qualified employee annuity. Taxact sign   A qualified employee annuity is a retirement annuity purchased by an employer for an employee under a plan that meets Internal Revenue Code requirements. Taxact sign Designated Roth account. Taxact sign   A designated Roth account is a separate account created under a qualified Roth contribution program to which participants may elect to have part or all of their elective deferrals to a 401(k), 403(b), or 457(b) plan designated as Roth contributions. Taxact sign Elective deferrals that are designated as Roth contributions are included in your income. Taxact sign However, qualified distributions (explained later) are not included in your income. Taxact sign You should check with your plan administrator to determine if your plan will accept designated Roth contributions. Taxact sign Tax-sheltered annuity plan. Taxact sign   A tax-sheltered annuity plan (often referred to as a 403(b) plan or a tax-deferred annuity plan) is a retirement plan for employees of public schools and certain tax-exempt organizations. Taxact sign Generally, a tax-sheltered annuity plan provides retirement benefits by purchasing annuity contracts for its participants. Taxact sign Types of pensions and annuities. Taxact sign   Pensions and annuities include the following types. Taxact sign Fixed-period annuities. Taxact sign   You receive definite amounts at regular intervals for a specified length of time. Taxact sign Annuities for a single life. Taxact sign   You receive definite amounts at regular intervals for life. Taxact sign The payments end at death. Taxact sign Joint and survivor annuities. Taxact sign   The first annuitant receives a definite amount at regular intervals for life. Taxact sign After he or she dies, a second annuitant receives a definite amount at regular intervals for life. Taxact sign The amount paid to the second annuitant may or may not differ from the amount paid to the first annuitant. Taxact sign Variable annuities. Taxact sign   You receive payments that may vary in amount for a specified length of time or for life. Taxact sign The amounts you receive may depend upon such variables as profits earned by the pension or annuity funds, cost-of-living indexes, or earnings from a mutual fund. Taxact sign Disability pensions. Taxact sign   You receive disability payments because you retired on disability and have not reached minimum retirement age. Taxact sign More than one program. Taxact sign   You may receive employee plan benefits from more than one program under a single trust or plan of your employer. Taxact sign If you participate in more than one program, you may have to treat each as a separate pension or annuity contract, depending upon the facts in each case. Taxact sign Also, you may be considered to have received more than one pension or annuity. Taxact sign Your former employer or the plan administrator should be able to tell you if you have more than one contract. Taxact sign Example. Taxact sign Your employer set up a noncontributory profit-sharing plan for its employees. Taxact sign The plan provides that the amount held in the account of each participant will be paid when that participant retires. Taxact sign Your employer also set up a contributory defined benefit pension plan for its employees providing for the payment of a lifetime pension to each participant after retirement. Taxact sign The amount of any distribution from the profit-sharing plan depends on the contributions (including allocated forfeitures) made for the participant and the earnings from those contributions. Taxact sign Under the pension plan, however, a formula determines the amount of the pension benefits. Taxact sign The amount of contributions is the amount necessary to provide that pension. Taxact sign Each plan is a separate program and a separate contract. Taxact sign If you get benefits from these plans, you must account for each separately, even though the benefits from both may be included in the same check. Taxact sign Distributions from a designated Roth account are treated separately from other distributions from the plan. Taxact sign Qualified domestic relations order (QDRO). Taxact sign   A QDRO is a judgment, decree, or order relating to payment of child support, alimony, or marital property rights to a spouse, former spouse, child, or other dependent of a participant in a retirement plan. Taxact sign The QDRO must contain certain specific information, such as the name and last known mailing address of the participant and each alternate payee, and the amount or percentage of the participant's benefits to be paid to each alternate payee. Taxact sign A QDRO may not award an amount or form of benefit that is not available under the plan. Taxact sign   A spouse or former spouse who receives part of the benefits from a retirement plan under a QDRO reports the payments received as if he or she were a plan participant. Taxact sign The spouse or former spouse is allocated a share of the participant's cost (investment in the contract) equal to the cost times a fraction. Taxact sign The numerator of the fraction is the present value of the benefits payable to the spouse or former spouse. Taxact sign The denominator is the present value of all benefits payable to the participant. Taxact sign   A distribution that is paid to a child or other dependent under a QDRO is taxed to the plan participant. Taxact sign Variable Annuities The tax rules in this publication apply both to annuities that provide fixed payments and to annuities that provide payments that vary in amount based on investment results or other factors. Taxact sign For example, they apply to commercial variable annuity contracts, whether bought by an employee retirement plan for its participants or bought directly from the issuer by an individual investor. Taxact sign Under these contracts, the owner can generally allocate the purchase payments among several types of investment portfolios or mutual funds and the contract value is determined by the performance of those investments. Taxact sign The earnings are not taxed until distributed either in a withdrawal or in annuity payments. Taxact sign The taxable part of a distribution is treated as ordinary income. Taxact sign Net investment income tax. Taxact sign   Beginning in 2013, annuities under a nonqualified plan are included in calculating your net investment income for the net investment income tax (NIIT). Taxact sign For information see the Instructions for Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax — Individuals, Estates and Trusts. Taxact sign For information on the tax treatment of a transfer or exchange of a variable annuity contract, see Transfers of Annuity Contracts under Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments, later. Taxact sign Withdrawals. Taxact sign   If you withdraw funds before your annuity starting date and your annuity is under a qualified retirement plan, a ratable part of the amount withdrawn is tax free. Taxact sign The tax-free part is based on the ratio of your cost (investment in the contract) to your account balance under the plan. Taxact sign   If your annuity is under a nonqualified plan (including a contract you bought directly from the issuer), the amount withdrawn is allocated first to earnings (the taxable part) and then to your cost (the tax-free part). Taxact sign However, if you bought your annuity contract before August 14, 1982, a different allocation applies to the investment before that date and the earnings on that investment. Taxact sign To the extent the amount withdrawn does not exceed that investment and earnings, it is allocated first to your cost (the tax-free part) and then to earnings (the taxable part). Taxact sign   If you withdraw funds (other than as an annuity) on or after your annuity starting date, the entire amount withdrawn is generally taxable. Taxact sign   The amount you receive in a full surrender of your annuity contract at any time is tax free to the extent of any cost that you have not previously recovered tax free. Taxact sign The rest is taxable. Taxact sign   For more information on the tax treatment of withdrawals, see Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments , later. Taxact sign If you withdraw funds from your annuity before you reach age 59½, also see Tax on Early Distributions under Special Additional Taxes, later. Taxact sign Annuity payments. Taxact sign   If you receive annuity payments under a variable annuity plan or contract, you recover your cost tax free under either the Simplified Method or the General Rule, as explained under Taxation of Periodic Payments , later. Taxact sign For a variable annuity paid under a qualified plan, you generally must use the Simplified Method. Taxact sign For a variable annuity paid under a nonqualified plan (including a contract you bought directly from the issuer), you must use a special computation under the General Rule. Taxact sign For more information, see Variable annuities in Publication 939 under Computation Under the General Rule. Taxact sign Death benefits. Taxact sign    If you receive a single-sum distribution from a variable annuity contract because of the death of the owner or annuitant, the distribution is generally taxable only to the extent it is more than the unrecovered cost of the contract. Taxact sign If you choose to receive an annuity, the payments are subject to tax as described above. Taxact sign If the contract provides a joint and survivor annuity and the primary annuitant had received annuity payments before death, you figure the tax-free part of annuity payments you receive as the survivor in the same way the primary annuitant did. Taxact sign See Survivors and Beneficiaries , later. Taxact sign Section 457 Deferred Compensation Plans If you work for a state or local government or for a tax-exempt organization, you may be able to participate in a section 457 deferred compensation plan. Taxact sign If your plan is an eligible plan, you are not taxed currently on pay that is deferred under the plan or on any earnings from the plan's investment of the deferred pay. Taxact sign You are generally taxed on amounts deferred in an eligible state or local government plan only when they are distributed from the plan. Taxact sign You are taxed on amounts deferred in an eligible tax-exempt organization plan when they are distributed or otherwise made available to you. Taxact sign Your 457(b) plan may have a designated Roth account option. Taxact sign If so, you may be able to roll over amounts to the designated Roth account or make contributions. Taxact sign Elective deferrals to a designated Roth account are included in your income. Taxact sign Qualified distributions (explained later) are not included in your income. Taxact sign See the Designated Roth accounts discussion under Taxation of Periodic Payments, later. Taxact sign This publication covers the tax treatment of benefits under eligible section 457 plans, but it does not cover the treatment of deferrals. Taxact sign For information on deferrals under section 457 plans, see Retirement Plan Contributions under Employee Compensation in Publication 525. Taxact sign Is your plan eligible?   To find out if your plan is an eligible plan, check with your employer. Taxact sign Plans that are not eligible section 457 plans include the following: Bona fide vacation leave, sick leave, compensatory time, severance pay, disability pay, or death benefit plans. Taxact sign Nonelective deferred compensation plans for nonemployees (independent contractors). Taxact sign Deferred compensation plans maintained by churches. Taxact sign Length of service award plans for bona fide volunteer firefighters and emergency medical personnel. Taxact sign An exception applies if the total amount paid to a volunteer exceeds $3,000 for any year of service. Taxact sign Disability Pensions If you retired on disability, you generally must include in income any disability pension you receive under a plan that is paid for by your employer. Taxact sign You must report your taxable disability payments as wages on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 8 of Form 1040NR until you reach minimum retirement age. Taxact sign Minimum retirement age generally is the age at which you can first receive a pension or annuity if you are not disabled. Taxact sign You may be entitled to a tax credit if you were permanently and totally disabled when you retired. Taxact sign For information on this credit, see Publication 524. Taxact sign Beginning on the day after you reach minimum retirement age, payments you receive are taxable as a pension or annuity. Taxact sign Report the payments on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or on Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. Taxact sign Disability payments for injuries incurred as a direct result of a terrorist attack directed against the United States (or its allies) are not included in income. Taxact sign For more information about payments to survivors of terrorist attacks, see Publication 3920, Tax Relief for Victims of Terrorist Attacks. Taxact sign Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers If you are an eligible retired public safety officer (law enforcement officer, firefighter, chaplain, or member of a rescue squad or ambulance crew), you can elect to exclude from income distributions made from your eligible retirement plan that are used to pay the premiums for accident or health insurance or long-term care insurance. Taxact sign The premiums can be for coverage for you, your spouse, or dependents. Taxact sign The distribution must be made directly from the plan to the insurance provider. Taxact sign You can exclude from income the smaller of the amount of the insurance premiums or $3,000. Taxact sign You can only make this election for amounts that would otherwise be included in your income. Taxact sign The amount excluded from your income cannot be used to claim a medical expense deduction. Taxact sign An eligible retirement plan is a governmental plan that is: a qualified trust, a section 403(a) plan, a section 403(b) annuity, or a section 457(b) plan. Taxact sign If you make this election, reduce the otherwise taxable amount of your pension or annuity by the amount excluded. Taxact sign The amount shown in box 2a of Form 1099-R does not reflect this exclusion. Taxact sign Report your total distributions on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. Taxact sign Report the taxable amount on Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Taxact sign Enter “PSO” next to the appropriate line on which you report the taxable amount. Taxact sign If you are retired on disability and reporting your disability pension on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A, or line 8 of Form 1040NR, include only the taxable amount on that line and enter “PSO” and the amount excluded on the dotted line next to the applicable line. Taxact sign Railroad Retirement Benefits Benefits paid under the Railroad Retirement Act fall into two categories. Taxact sign These categories are treated differently for income tax purposes. Taxact sign The first category is the amount of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits that equals the social security benefit that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. Taxact sign This part of the tier 1 benefit is the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) and you treat it for tax purposes like social security benefits. Taxact sign If you received, repaid, or had tax withheld from the SSEB portion of tier 1 benefits during 2013, you will receive Form RRB-1099, Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board (or Form RRB-1042S, Statement for Nonresident Alien Recipients of Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board, if you are a nonresident alien) from the U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign Railroad Retirement Board (RRB). Taxact sign For more information about the tax treatment of the SSEB portion of tier 1 benefits and Forms RRB-1099 and RRB-1042S, see Publication 915. Taxact sign The second category contains the rest of the tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, called the non-social security equivalent benefit (NSSEB). Taxact sign It also contains any tier 2 benefit, vested dual benefit (VDB), and supplemental annuity benefit. Taxact sign Treat this category of benefits, shown on Form RRB-1099-R, as an amount received from a qualified employee plan. Taxact sign This allows for the tax-free (nontaxable) recovery of employee contributions from the tier 2 benefits and the NSSEB part of the tier 1 benefits. Taxact sign (The NSSEB and tier 2 benefits, less certain repayments, are combined into one amount called the Contributory Amount Paid on Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign ) Vested dual benefits and supplemental annuity benefits are non-contributory pensions and are fully taxable. Taxact sign See Taxation of Periodic Payments , later, for information on how to report your benefits and how to recover the employee contributions tax free. Taxact sign Form RRB-1099-R is used for U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizens, resident aliens, and nonresident aliens. Taxact sign Nonresident aliens. Taxact sign   A nonresident alien is an individual who is not a citizen or a resident alien of the United States. Taxact sign Nonresident aliens are subject to mandatory U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign tax withholding unless exempt under a tax treaty between the United States and their country of legal residency. Taxact sign A tax treaty exemption may reduce or eliminate tax withholding from railroad retirement benefits. Taxact sign See Tax withholding next for more information. Taxact sign   If you are a nonresident alien and your tax withholding rate changed or your country of legal residence changed during the year, you may receive more than one Form RRB-1042S or Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign To determine your total benefits paid or repaid and total tax withheld for the year, you should add the amounts shown on all forms you received for that year. Taxact sign For information on filing requirements for aliens, see Publication 519, U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign Tax Guide for Aliens. Taxact sign For information on tax treaties between the United States and other countries that may reduce or eliminate U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign tax on your benefits, see Publication 901, U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign Tax Treaties. Taxact sign Tax withholding. Taxact sign   To request or change your income tax withholding from SSEB payments, U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizens should contact the IRS for Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request, and file it with the RRB. Taxact sign To elect, revoke, or change your income tax withholding from NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, and supplemental annuity payments received, use Form RRB W-4P, Withholding Certificate for Railroad Retirement Payments. Taxact sign If you are a nonresident alien or a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizen living abroad, you should provide Form RRB-1001, Nonresident Questionnaire, to the RRB to furnish citizenship and residency information and to claim any treaty exemption from U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign tax withholding. Taxact sign Nonresident U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizens cannot elect to be exempt from withholding on payments delivered outside of the U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign Help from the RRB. Taxact sign   To request an RRB form or to get help with questions about an RRB benefit, you should contact your nearest RRB field office if you reside in the United States (call 1-877-772-5772 for the nearest field office) or U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign consulate/Embassy if you reside outside the United States. Taxact sign You can visit the RRB on the Internet at www. Taxact sign rrb. Taxact sign gov. Taxact sign Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign   The following discussion explains the items shown on Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign The amounts shown on this form are before any deduction for: Federal income tax withholding, Medicare premiums, Legal process garnishment payments, Recovery of a prior year overpayment of an NSSEB, tier 2 benefit, VDB, or supplemental annuity benefit, or Recovery of Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act benefits received while awaiting payment of your railroad retirement annuity. Taxact sign   The amounts shown on this form are after any offset for: Social Security benefits, Age reduction, Public Service pensions or public disability benefits, Dual railroad retirement entitlement under another RRB claim number, Work deductions, Legal process partition deductions, Actuarial adjustment, Annuity waiver, or Recovery of a current-year overpayment of NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, or supplemental annuity benefits. Taxact sign   The amounts shown on Form RRB-1099-R do not reflect any special rules, such as capital gain treatment or the special 10-year tax option for lump-sum payments, or tax-free rollovers. Taxact sign To determine if any of these rules apply to your benefits, see the discussions about them later. Taxact sign   Generally, amounts shown on your Form RRB-1099-R are considered a normal distribution. Taxact sign Use distribution code “7” if you are asked for a distribution code. Taxact sign Distribution codes are not shown on Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign   There are three copies of this form. Taxact sign Copy B is to be included with your income tax return if federal income tax is withheld. Taxact sign Copy C is for your own records. Taxact sign Copy 2 is filed with your state, city, or local income tax return, when required. Taxact sign See the illustrated Copy B (Form RRB-1099-R) above. Taxact sign       Each beneficiary will receive his or her own Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign If you receive benefits on more than one railroad retirement record, you may get more than one Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign So that you get your form timely, make sure the RRB always has your current mailing address. Taxact sign Please click here for the text description of the image. Taxact sign Form RRB-1099-R Box 1—Claim Number and Payee Code. Taxact sign   Your claim number is a six- or nine-digit number preceded by an alphabetical prefix. Taxact sign This is the number under which the RRB paid your benefits. Taxact sign Your payee code follows your claim number and is the last number in this box. Taxact sign It is used by the RRB to identify you under your claim number. Taxact sign In all your correspondence with the RRB, be sure to use the claim number and payee code shown in this box. Taxact sign Box 2—Recipient's Identification Number. Taxact sign   This is the recipient's U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign taxpayer identification number. Taxact sign It is the social security number (SSN), individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN), or employer identification number (EIN), if known, for the person or estate listed as the recipient. Taxact sign If you are a resident or nonresident alien who must furnish a taxpayer identification number to the IRS and are not eligible to obtain an SSN, use Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, to apply for an ITIN. Taxact sign The Instructions for Form W-7 explain how and when to apply. Taxact sign Box 3—Employee Contributions. Taxact sign   This is the amount of taxes withheld from the railroad employee's earnings that exceeds the amount of taxes that would have been withheld had the earnings been covered under the social security system. Taxact sign This amount is the employee's cost that you use to figure the tax-free part of the NSSEB and tier 2 benefit you received (the amount shown in box 4). Taxact sign (For information on how to figure the tax-free part, see Partly Taxable Payments under Taxation of Periodic Payments, later. Taxact sign ) The amount shown is the total employee contribution amount, not reduced by any amounts that the RRB calculated as previously recovered. Taxact sign It is the latest amount reported for 2013 and may have increased or decreased from a previous Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign If this amount has changed, the change is retroactive. Taxact sign You may need to refigure the tax-free part of your NSSEB/tier 2 benefit for 2013 and prior tax years. Taxact sign If this box is blank, it means that the amount of your NSSEB and tier 2 payments shown in box 4 is fully taxable. Taxact sign    If you had a previous annuity entitlement that ended and you are figuring the tax-free part of your NSSEB/tier 2 benefit for your current annuity entitlement, you should contact the RRB for confirmation of your correct employee contribution amount. Taxact sign Box 4—Contributory Amount Paid. Taxact sign   This is the gross amount of the NSSEB and tier 2 benefit you received in 2013, less any 2013 benefits you repaid in 2013. Taxact sign (Any benefits you repaid in 2013 for an earlier year or for an unknown year are shown in box 8. Taxact sign ) This amount is the total contributory pension paid in 2013. Taxact sign It may be partly taxable and partly tax free or fully taxable. Taxact sign If you determine you are eligible to compute a tax-free part as explained later in Partly Taxable Payments under Taxation of Periodic Payments, use the latest reported employee contribution amount shown in box 3 as the cost. Taxact sign Box 5—Vested Dual Benefit. Taxact sign   This is the gross amount of vested dual benefit (VDB) payments paid in 2013, less any 2013 VDB payments you repaid in 2013. Taxact sign It is fully taxable. Taxact sign VDB payments you repaid in 2013 for an earlier year or for an unknown year are shown in box 8. Taxact sign Note. Taxact sign The amounts shown in boxes 4 and 5 may represent payments for 2013 and/or other years after 1983. Taxact sign Box 6—Supplemental Annuity. Taxact sign   This is the gross amount of supplemental annuity benefits paid in 2013, less any 2013 supplemental annuity benefits you repaid in 2013. Taxact sign It is fully taxable. Taxact sign Supplemental annuity benefits you repaid in 2013 for an earlier year or for an unknown year are shown in box 8. Taxact sign Box 7—Total Gross Paid. Taxact sign   This is the sum of boxes 4, 5, and 6. Taxact sign The amount represents the total pension paid in 2013. Taxact sign Include this amount on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. Taxact sign Box 8—Repayments. Taxact sign   This amount represents any NSSEB, tier 2 benefit, VDB, and supplemental annuity benefit you repaid to the RRB in 2013 for years before 2013 or for unknown years. Taxact sign The amount shown in this box has not been deducted from the amounts shown in boxes 4, 5, and 6. Taxact sign It only includes repayments of benefits that were taxable to you. Taxact sign This means it only includes repayments in 2013 of NSSEB benefits paid after 1985, tier 2 and VDB benefits paid after 1983, and supplemental annuity benefits paid in any year. Taxact sign If you included the benefits in your income in the year you received them, you may be able to deduct the repaid amount. Taxact sign For more information about repayments, see Repayment of benefits received in an earlier year , later. Taxact sign    You may have repaid an overpayment of benefits by returning a payment, by making a payment, or by having an amount withheld from your railroad retirement annuity payment. Taxact sign Box 9—Federal Income Tax Withheld. Taxact sign   This is the total federal income tax withheld from your NSSEB, tier 2 benefit, VDB, and supplemental annuity benefit. Taxact sign Include this on your income tax return as tax withheld. Taxact sign If you are a nonresident alien and your tax withholding rate and/or country of legal residence changed during 2013, you will receive more than one Form RRB-1099-R for 2013. Taxact sign Determine the total amount of U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign federal income tax withheld from your 2013 RRB NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, and supplemental annuity payments by adding the amounts in box 9 of all original 2013 Forms RRB-1099-R, or the latest corrected or duplicate Forms RRB-1099-R you receive. Taxact sign Box 10—Rate of Tax. Taxact sign   If you are taxed as a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizen or resident alien, this box does not apply to you. Taxact sign If you are a nonresident alien, an entry in this box indicates the rate at which tax was withheld on the NSSEB, tier 2, VDB, and supplemental annuity payments that were paid to you in 2013. Taxact sign If you are a nonresident alien whose tax was withheld at more than one rate during 2013, you will receive a separate Form RRB-1099-R for each rate change during 2013. Taxact sign Box 11—Country. Taxact sign   If you are taxed as a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizen or resident alien, this box does not apply to you. Taxact sign If you are a nonresident alien, an entry in this box indicates the country of which you were a resident for tax purposes at the time you received railroad retirement payments in 2013. Taxact sign If you are a nonresident alien who was a resident of more than one country during 2013, you will receive a separate Form RRB-1099-R for each country of residence during 2013. Taxact sign Box 12—Medicare Premium Total. Taxact sign   This is for information purposes only. Taxact sign The amount shown in this box represents the total amount of Part B Medicare premiums deducted from your railroad retirement annuity payments in 2013. Taxact sign Medicare premium refunds are not included in the Medicare total. Taxact sign The Medicare total is normally shown on Form RRB-1099 (if you are a citizen or resident alien of the United States) or Form RRB-1042S (if you are a nonresident alien). Taxact sign However, if Form RRB-1099 or Form RRB-1042S is not required for 2013, then this total will be shown on Form RRB-1099-R. Taxact sign If your Medicare premiums were deducted from your social security benefits, paid by a third party, refunded to you, and/or you paid the premiums by direct billing, your Medicare total will not be shown in this box. Taxact sign Repayment of benefits received in an earlier year. Taxact sign   If you had to repay any railroad retirement benefits that you had included in your income in an earlier year because at that time you thought you had an unrestricted right to it, you can deduct the amount you repaid in the year in which you repaid it. Taxact sign   If you repaid $3,000 or less in 2013, deduct it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Taxact sign The 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit applies to this deduction. Taxact sign You cannot take this deduction if you file Form 1040A. Taxact sign    If you repaid more than $3,000 in 2013, you can either take a deduction for the amount repaid on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28 or you can take a credit against your tax. Taxact sign For more information, see Repayments in Publication 525. Taxact sign Withholding Tax and Estimated Tax Your retirement plan distributions are subject to federal income tax withholding. Taxact sign However, you can choose not to have tax withheld on payments you receive unless they are eligible rollover distributions. Taxact sign (These are distributions, described later under Rollovers, that are eligible for rollover treatment but are not paid directly to another qualified retirement plan or to a traditional IRA. Taxact sign ) If you choose not to have tax withheld or if you do not have enough tax withheld, you may have to make estimated tax payments. Taxact sign See Estimated tax , later. Taxact sign The withholding rules apply to the taxable part of payments you receive from: An employer pension, annuity, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan, Any other deferred compensation plan, A traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA), or A commercial annuity. Taxact sign For this purpose, a commercial annuity means an annuity, endowment, or life insurance contract issued by an insurance company. Taxact sign There will be no withholding on any part of a distribution where it is reasonable to believe that it will not be includible in gross income. Taxact sign Choosing no withholding. Taxact sign   You can choose not to have income tax withheld from retirement plan payments unless they are eligible rollover distributions. Taxact sign You can make this choice on Form W-4P for periodic and nonperiodic payments. Taxact sign This choice generally remains in effect until you revoke it. Taxact sign   The payer will ignore your choice not to have tax withheld if: You do not give the payer your social security number (in the required manner), or The IRS notifies the payer, before the payment is made, that you gave an incorrect social security number. Taxact sign   To choose not to have tax withheld, a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizen or resident alien must give the payer a home address in the United States or its possessions. Taxact sign Without that address, the payer must withhold tax. Taxact sign For example, the payer has to withhold tax if the recipient has provided a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign address for a nominee, trustee, or agent to whom the benefits are delivered, but has not provided his or her own U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign home address. Taxact sign   If you do not give the payer a home address in the United States or its possessions, you can choose not to have tax withheld only if you certify to the payer that you are not a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizen, a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign resident alien, or someone who left the country to avoid tax. Taxact sign But if you so certify, you may be subject to the 30% flat rate withholding that applies to nonresident aliens. Taxact sign This 30% rate will not apply if you are exempt or subject to a reduced rate by treaty. Taxact sign For details, get Publication 519. Taxact sign Periodic payments. Taxact sign   Unless you choose no withholding, your annuity or similar periodic payments (other than eligible rollover distributions) will be treated like wages for withholding purposes. Taxact sign Periodic payments are amounts paid at regular intervals (such as weekly, monthly, or yearly) for a period of time greater than one year (such as for 15 years or for life). Taxact sign You should give the payer a completed withholding certificate (Form W-4P or a similar form provided by the payer). Taxact sign If you do not, tax will be withheld as if you were married and claiming three withholding allowances. Taxact sign   Tax will be withheld as if you were single and were claiming no withholding allowances if: You do not give the payer your social security number (in the required manner), or The IRS notifies the payer (before any payment is made) that you gave an incorrect social security number. Taxact sign   You must file a new withholding certificate to change the amount of withholding. Taxact sign Nonperiodic distributions. Taxact sign    Unless you choose no withholding, the withholding rate for a nonperiodic distribution (a payment other than a periodic payment) that is not an eligible rollover distribution is 10% of the distribution. Taxact sign You can also ask the payer to withhold an additional amount using Form W-4P. Taxact sign The part of any loan treated as a distribution (except an offset amount to repay the loan), explained later, is subject to withholding under this rule. Taxact sign Eligible rollover distribution. Taxact sign    If you receive an eligible rollover distribution, 20% of it generally will be withheld for income tax. Taxact sign You cannot choose not to have tax withheld from an eligible rollover distribution. Taxact sign However, tax will not be withheld if you have the plan administrator pay the eligible rollover distribution directly to another qualified plan or an IRA in a direct rollover. Taxact sign For more information about eligible rollover distributions, see Rollovers , later. Taxact sign Estimated tax. Taxact sign   Your estimated tax is the total of your expected income tax, self-employment tax, and certain other taxes for the year, minus your expected credits and withheld tax. Taxact sign Generally, you must make estimated tax payments for 2014 if you expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax (after subtracting your withholding and credits) and you expect your withholding and credits to be less than the smaller of: 90% of the tax to be shown on your 2014 return, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2013 return. Taxact sign If your adjusted gross income for 2013 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2014 is married filing separately), substitute 110% for 100% in (2) above. Taxact sign For more information, get Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Taxact sign In figuring your withholding or estimated tax, remember that a part of your monthly social security or equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits may be taxable. Taxact sign See Publication 915. Taxact sign You can choose to have income tax withheld from those benefits. Taxact sign Use Form W-4V to make this choice. Taxact sign Cost (Investment in the Contract) Distributions from your pension or annuity plan may include amounts treated as a recovery of your cost (investment in the contract). Taxact sign If any part of a distribution is treated as a recovery of your cost under the rules explained in this publication, that part is tax free. Taxact sign Therefore, the first step in figuring how much of a distribution is taxable is to determine the cost of your pension or annuity. Taxact sign In general, your cost is your net investment in the contract as of the annuity starting date (or the date of the distribution, if earlier). Taxact sign To find this amount, you must first figure the total premiums, contributions, or other amounts you paid. Taxact sign This includes the amounts your employer contributed that were taxable to you when paid. Taxact sign (However, see Foreign employment contributions , later. Taxact sign ) It does not include amounts withheld from your pay on a tax-deferred basis (money that was taken out of your gross pay before taxes were deducted). Taxact sign It also does not include amounts you contributed for health and accident benefits (including any additional premiums paid for double indemnity or disability benefits). Taxact sign From this total cost you must subtract the following amounts. Taxact sign Any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, or unrepaid loans that were not included in your income and that you received by the later of the annuity starting date or the date on which you received your first payment. Taxact sign Any other tax-free amounts you received under the contract or plan by the later of the dates in (1). Taxact sign If you must use the Simplified Method for your annuity payments, the tax-free part of any single-sum payment received in connection with the start of the annuity payments, regardless of when you received it. Taxact sign (See Simplified Method , later, for information on its required use. Taxact sign ) If you use the General Rule for your annuity payments, the value of the refund feature in your annuity contract. Taxact sign (See General Rule , later, for information on its use. Taxact sign ) Your annuity contract has a refund feature if the annuity payments are for your life (or the lives of you and your survivor) and payments in the nature of a refund of the annuity's cost will be made to your beneficiary or estate if all annuitants die before a stated amount or a stated number of payments are made. Taxact sign For more information, see Publication 939. Taxact sign The tax treatment of the items described in (1) through (3) is discussed later under Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments . Taxact sign Form 1099-R. Taxact sign If you began receiving periodic payments of a life annuity in 2013, the payer should show your total contributions to the plan in box 9b of your 2013 Form 1099-R. Taxact sign Annuity starting date defined. Taxact sign   Your annuity starting date is the later of the first day of the first period for which you received a payment or the date the plan's obligations became fixed. Taxact sign Example. Taxact sign On January 1, you completed all your payments required under an annuity contract providing for monthly payments starting on August 1 for the period beginning July 1. Taxact sign The annuity starting date is July 1. Taxact sign This is the date you use in figuring the cost of the contract and selecting the appropriate number from Table 1 for line 3 of the Simplified Method Worksheet. Taxact sign Designated Roth accounts. Taxact sign   Your cost in these accounts is your designated Roth contributions that were included in your income as wages subject to applicable withholding requirements. Taxact sign Your cost will also include any in-plan Roth rollovers you included in income. Taxact sign Foreign employment contributions. Taxact sign   If you worked abroad, your cost may include contributions by your employer to the retirement plan, but only if those contributions would be excludible from your gross income had they been paid directly to you as compensation. Taxact sign The contributions that apply are: Contributions before 1963 by your employer, Contributions after 1962 by your employer if the contributions would be excludible from your gross income (not including the foreign earned income exclusion) had they been paid directly to you, or Contributions after 1996 by your employer if you performed the services of a foreign missionary (a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church or a lay person) but only if the contributions would be excludible from your gross income had they been paid directly to you. Taxact sign Foreign employment contributions while a nonresident alien. Taxact sign   In determining your cost, special rules apply if you are a U. Taxact sign S. Taxact sign citizen or resident alien who received distributions in 2013 from a plan to which contributions were made while you were a nonresident alien. Taxact sign Your contributions and your employer's contributions are not included in your cost if the contribution: Was made based on compensation which was for services performed outside the United States while you were a nonresident alien, and Was not subject to income tax under the laws of the United States or any foreign country, but only if the contribution would have been subject to income tax if paid as cash compensation when the services were performed. Taxact sign Taxation of Periodic Payments This section explains how the periodic payments you receive from a pension or annuity plan are taxed. Taxact sign Periodic payments are amounts paid at regular intervals (such as weekly, monthly, or yearly) for a period of time greater than one year (such as for 15 years or for life). Taxact sign These payments are also known as amounts received as an annuity. Taxact sign If you receive an amount from your plan that is not a periodic payment, see Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments , later. Taxact sign In general, you can recover the cost of your pension or annuity tax free over the period you are to receive the payments. Taxact sign The amount of each payment that is more than the part that represents your cost is taxable (however, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier). Taxact sign Designated Roth accounts. Taxact sign   If you receive a qualified distribution from a designated Roth account, the distribution is not included in your gross income. Taxact sign This applies to both your cost in the account and income earned on that account. Taxact sign A qualified distribution is generally a distribution that is: Made after a 5-tax-year period of participation, and Made on or after the date you reach age 59½, made to a beneficiary or your estate on or after your death, or attributable to your being disabled. Taxact sign   If the distribution is not a qualified distribution, the rules discussed in this section apply. Taxact sign The designated Roth account is treated as a separate contract. Taxact sign Period of participation. Taxact sign   The 5-tax-year period of participation is the 5-tax-year period beginning with the first tax year for which the participant made a designated Roth contribution to the plan. Taxact sign Therefore, for designated Roth contributions made for 2013, the first year for which a qualified distribution can be made is 2018. Taxact sign   However, if a direct rollover is made to the plan from a designated Roth account under another plan, the 5-tax-year period for the recipient plan begins with the first tax year for which the participant first had designated Roth contributions made to the other plan. Taxact sign   Your 401(k), 403(b), or 457(b) plan may permit you to roll over amounts from those plans to a designated Roth account within the same plan. Taxact sign This is known as an in-plan Roth rollover. Taxact sign For more details, see In-plan Roth rollovers , later. Taxact sign Fully Taxable Payments The pension or annuity payments that you receive are fully taxable if you have no cost in the contract because any of the following situations applies to you (however, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier). Taxact sign You did not pay anything or are not considered to have paid anything for your pension or annuity. Taxact sign Amounts withheld from your pay on a tax-deferred basis are not considered part of the cost of the pension or annuity payment. Taxact sign Your employer did not withhold contributions from your salary. Taxact sign You got back all of your contributions tax free in prior years (however, see Exclusion not limited to cost under Partly Taxable Payments, later). Taxact sign Report the total amount you got on Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or on Form 1040NR, line 17b. Taxact sign You should make no entry on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. Taxact sign Deductible voluntary employee contributions. Taxact sign   Distributions you receive that are based on your accumulated deductible voluntary employee contributions are generally fully taxable in the year distributed to you. Taxact sign Accumulated deductible voluntary employee contributions include net earnings on the contributions. Taxact sign If distributed as part of a lump sum, they do not qualify for the 10-year tax option or capital gain treatment, explained later. Taxact sign Partly Taxable Payments If you have a cost to recover from your pension or annuity plan (see Cost (Investment in the Contract) , earlier), you can exclude part of each annuity payment from income as a recovery of your cost. Taxact sign This tax-free part of the payment is figured when your annuity starts and remains the same each year, even if the amount of the payment changes. Taxact sign The rest of each payment is taxable (however, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier). Taxact sign You figure the tax-free part of the payment using one of the following methods. Taxact sign Simplified Method. Taxact sign You generally must use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan (a qualified employee plan, a qualified employee annuity, or a tax-sheltered annuity plan or contract). Taxact sign You cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Taxact sign General Rule. Taxact sign You must use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Taxact sign You generally cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan. Taxact sign You determine which method to use when you first begin receiving your annuity, and you continue using it each year that you recover part of your cost. Taxact sign If you had more than one partly taxable pension or annuity, figure the tax-free part and the taxable part of each separately. Taxact sign Qualified plan annuity starting before November 19, 1996. Taxact sign   If your annuity is paid under a qualified plan and your annuity starting date (defined earlier under Cost (Investment in the Contract) ) is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, you could have chosen to use either the Simplified Method or the General Rule. Taxact sign If your annuity starting date is before July 2, 1986, you use the General Rule unless your annuity qualified for the Three-Year Rule. Taxact sign If you used the Three-Year Rule (which was repealed for annuities starting after July 1, 1986), your annuity payments are generally now fully taxable. Taxact sign Exclusion limit. Taxact sign   Your annuity starting date determines the total amount of annuity payments that you can exclude from income over the years. Taxact sign Once your annuity starting date is determined, it does not change. Taxact sign If you calculate the taxable portion of your annuity payments using the simplified method worksheet, the annuity starting date determines the recovery period for your cost. Taxact sign That recovery period begins on your annuity starting date and is not affected by the date you first complete the worksheet. Taxact sign Exclusion limited to cost. Taxact sign   If your annuity starting date is after 1986, the total amount of annuity income that you can exclude over the years as a recovery of the cost cannot exceed your total cost. Taxact sign Any unrecovered cost at your (or the last annuitant's) death is allowed as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on the final return of the decedent. Taxact sign This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Taxact sign Example 1. Taxact sign Your annuity starting date is after 1986, and you exclude $100 a month ($1,200 a year) under the Simplified Method. Taxact sign The total cost of your annuity is $12,000. Taxact sign Your exclusion ends when you have recovered your cost tax free, that is, after 10 years (120 months). Taxact sign After that, your annuity payments are generally fully taxable. Taxact sign Example 2. Taxact sign The facts are the same as in Example 1, except you die (with no surviving annuitant) after the eighth year of retirement. Taxact sign You have recovered tax free only $9,600 (8 × $1,200) of your cost. Taxact sign An itemized deduction for your unrecovered cost of $2,400 ($12,000 – $9,600) can be taken on your final return. Taxact sign Exclusion not limited to cost. Taxact sign   If your annuity starting date is before 1987, you can continue to take your monthly exclusion for as long as you receive your annuity. Taxact sign If you chose a joint and survivor annuity, your survivor can continue to take the survivor's exclusion figured as of the annuity starting date. Taxact sign The total exclusion may be more than your cost. Taxact sign Simplified Method Under the Simplified Method, you figure the tax-free part of each annuity payment by dividing your cost by the total number of anticipated monthly payments. Taxact sign For an annuity that is payable for the lives of the annuitants, this number is based on the annuitants' ages on the annuity starting date and is determined from a table. Taxact sign For any other annuity, this number is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Taxact sign Who must use the Simplified Method. Taxact sign   You must use the Simplified Method if your annuity starting date is after November 18, 1996, and you meet both of the following conditions. Taxact sign You receive your pension or annuity payments from any of the following plans. Taxact sign A qualified employee plan. Taxact sign A qualified employee annuity. Taxact sign A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan). Taxact sign On your annuity starting date, at least one of the following conditions applies to you. Taxact sign You are under age 75. Taxact sign You are entitled to less than 5 years of guaranteed payments. Taxact sign Guaranteed payments. Taxact sign   Your annuity contract provides guaranteed payments if a minimum number of payments or a minimum amount (for example, the amount of your investment) is payable even if you and any survivor annuitant do not live to receive the minimum. Taxact sign If the minimum amount is less than the total amount of the payments you are to receive, barring death, during the first 5 years after payments begin (figured by ignoring any payment increases), you are entitled to less than 5 years of guaranteed payments. Taxact sign Annuity starting before November 19, 1996. Taxact sign   If your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, and you chose to use the Simplified Method, you must continue to use it each year that you recover part of your cost. Taxact sign You could have chosen to use the Simplified Method if your annuity is payable for your life (or the lives of you and your survivor annuitant) and you met both of the conditions listed earlier under Who must use the Simplified Method . Taxact sign Who cannot use the Simplified Method. Taxact sign   You cannot use the Simplified Method if you receive your pension or annuity from a nonqualified plan or otherwise do not meet the conditions described in the preceding discussion. Taxact sign See General Rule , later. Taxact sign How to use the Simplified Method. Taxact sign    Complete Worksheet A in the back of this publication to figure your taxable annuity for 2013. Taxact sign Be sure to keep the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity next year. Taxact sign   To complete line 3 of the worksheet, you must determine the total number of expected monthly payments for your annuity. Taxact sign How you do this depends on whether the annuity is for a single life, multiple lives, or a fixed period. Taxact sign For this purpose, treat an annuity that is payable over the life of an annuitant as payable for that annuitant's life even if the annuity has a fixed-period feature or also provides a temporary annuity payable to the annuitant's child under age 25. Taxact sign    You do not need to complete line 3 of the worksheet or make the computation on line 4 if you received annuity payments last year and used last year's worksheet to figure your taxable annuity. Taxact sign Instead, enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 of this year's worksheet. Taxact sign Single-life annuity. Taxact sign   If your annuity is payable for your life alone, use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Taxact sign Enter on line 3 the number shown for your age on your annuity starting date. Taxact sign This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Taxact sign Multiple-lives annuity. Taxact sign   If your annuity is payable for the lives of more than one annuitant, use Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Taxact sign Enter on line 3 the number shown for the annuitants' combined ages on the annuity starting date. Taxact sign For an annuity payable to you as the primary annuitant and to more than one survivor annuitant, combine your age and the age of the youngest survivor annuitant. Taxact sign For an annuity that has no primary annuitant and is payable to you and others as survivor annuitants, combine the ages of the oldest and youngest annuitants. Taxact sign Do not treat as a survivor annuitant anyone whose entitlement to payments depends on an event other than the primary annuitant's death. Taxact sign   However, if your annuity starting date is before 1998, do not use Table 2 and do not combine the annuitants' ages. Taxact sign Instead, you must use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet and enter on line 3 the number shown for the primary annuitant's age on the annuity starting date. Taxact sign This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Taxact sign Fixed-period annuity. Taxact sign   If your annuity does not depend in whole or in part on anyone's life expectancy, the total number of expected monthly payments to enter on line 3 of the worksheet is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Taxact sign Line 6. Taxact sign   The amount on line 6 should include all amounts that could have been recovered in prior years. Taxact sign If you did not recover an amount in a prior year, you may be able to amend your returns for the affected years. Taxact sign Example. Taxact sign Bill Smith, age 65, began receiving retirement benefits in 2013 under a joint and survivor annuity. Taxact sign Bill's annuity starting date is January 1, 2013. Taxact sign The benefits are to be paid for the joint lives of Bill and his wife, Kathy, age 65. Taxact sign Bill had contributed $31,000 to a qualified plan and had received no distributions before the annuity starting date. Taxact sign Bill is to receive a retirement benefit of $1,200 a month, and Kathy is to receive a monthly survivor benefit of $600 upon Bill's death. Taxact sign Bill must use the Simplified Method to figure his taxable annuity because his payments are from a qualified plan and he is under age 75. Taxact sign Because his annuity is payable over the lives of more than one annuitant, he uses his and Kathy's combined ages and Table 2 at the bottom of Worksheet A in completing line 3 of the worksheet. Taxact sign His completed worksheet is shown later. Taxact sign Bill's tax-free monthly amount is $100 ($31,000 ÷ 310) as shown on line 4 of the worksheet. Taxact sign Upon Bill's death, if Bill has not recovered the full $31,000 investment, Kathy will also exclude $100 from her $600 monthly payment. Taxact sign The full amount of any annuity payments received after 310 payments are paid must be included in gross income. Taxact sign If Bill and Kathy die before 310 payments are made, a miscellaneous itemized deduction will be allowed for the unrecovered cost on the final income tax return of the last to die. Taxact sign This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Taxact sign Worksheet A. Taxact sign Simplified Method Worksheet for Bill Smith 1. Taxact sign Enter the total pension or annuity payments received this year. Taxact sign Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a 1. Taxact sign $14,400 2. Taxact sign Enter your cost in the plan (contract) at the annuity starting date plus any death benefit exclusion. Taxact sign * See Cost (Investment in the Contract) , earlier 2. Taxact sign 31,000   Note. Taxact sign If your annuity starting date was before this year and you completed this worksheet last year, skip line 3 and enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 below (even if the amount of your pension or annuity has changed). Taxact sign Otherwise, go to line 3. Taxact sign     3. Taxact sign Enter the appropriate number from Table 1 below. Taxact sign But if your annuity starting date was after 1997 and the payments are for your life and that of your beneficiary, enter the appropriate number from Table 2 below 3. Taxact sign 310 4. Taxact sign Divide line 2 by the number on line 3 4. Taxact sign 100 5. Taxact sign Multiply line 4 by the number of months for which this year's payments were made. Taxact sign If your annuity starting date was before 1987, enter this amount on line 8 below and skip lines 6, 7, 10, and 11. Taxact sign Otherwise, go to line 6 5. Taxact sign 1,200 6. Taxact sign Enter any amount previously recovered tax free in years after 1986. Taxact sign This is the amount shown on line 10 of your worksheet for last year 6. Taxact sign -0- 7. Taxact sign Subtract line 6 from line 2 7. Taxact sign 31,000 8. Taxact sign Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 7 8. Taxact sign 1,200 9. Taxact sign Taxable amount for year. Taxact sign Subtract line 8 from line 1. Taxact sign Enter the result, but not less than zero. Taxact sign Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Taxact sign Note: If your Form 1099-R shows a larger taxable amount, use the amount figured on this line instead. Taxact sign If you are a retired public safety officer, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , earlier, before entering an amount on your tax return 9. Taxact sign $13,200 10. Taxact sign Was your annuity starting date before 1987? □ Yes. Taxact sign STOP. Taxact sign Do not complete the rest of this worksheet. Taxact sign  ☑ No. Taxact sign Add lines 6 and 8. Taxact sign This is the amount you have recovered tax free through 2013. Taxact sign You will need this number if you need to fill out this worksheet next year 10. Taxact sign 1,200 11. Taxact sign Balance of cost to be recovered. Taxact sign Subtract line 10 from line 2. Taxact sign If zero, you will not have to complete this worksheet next year. Taxact sign The payments you receive next year will generally be fully taxable 11. Taxact sign $29,800         * A death benefit exclusion (up to $5,000) applied to certain benefits received by employees who died before August 21, 1996. Taxact sign           Table 1 for Line 3 Above       AND your annuity starting date was—     IF the age at annuity starting date was. Taxact sign . Taxact sign . Taxact sign BEFORE November 19, 1996, enter on line 3. Taxact sign . Taxact sign . Taxact sign AFTER November 18, 1996, enter on line 3. Taxact sign . Taxact sign . Taxact sign     55 or under 300 360     56-60 260 310     61-65 240 260     66-70 170 210     71 or older 120 160     Table 2 for Line 3 Above     IF the combined ages at  annuity starting date were. Taxact sign . Taxact sign . Taxact sign THEN enter on line 3. Taxact sign . Taxact sign . Taxact sign     110 or under   410     111-120   360     121-130   310     131-140   260     141 or older   210   Multiple annuitants. Taxact sign   If you and one or more other annuitants receive payments at the same time, you exclude from each annuity payment a pro rata share of the monthly tax-free amount. Taxact sign Figure your share by taking the following steps. Taxact sign Complete your worksheet through line 4 to figure the monthly tax-free amount. Taxact sign Divide the amount of your monthly payment by the total amount of the monthly payments to all annuitants. Taxact sign Multiply the amount on line 4 of your worksheet by the amount figured in (2) above. Taxact sign The result is your share of the monthly tax-free amount. Taxact sign   Replace the amount on line 4 of the worksheet with the result in (3) above. Taxact sign Enter that amount on line 4 of your worksheet each year. Taxact sign General Rule Under the General Rule, you determine the tax-free part of each annuity payment based on the ratio of the cost of the contract to the total expected return. Taxact sign Expected return is the total amount you and other eligible annuitants can expect to receive under the contract. Taxact sign To figure it, you must use life expectancy (actuarial) tables prescribed by the IRS. Taxact sign Who must use the General Rule. Taxact sign   You must use the General Rule if you receive pension or annuity payments from: A nonqualified plan (such as a private annuity, a purchased commercial annuity, or a nonqualified employee plan), or A qualified plan if you are age 75 or older on your annuity starting date and your annuity payments are guaranteed for at least 5 years. Taxact sign Annuity starting before November 19, 1996. Taxact sign   If your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, you had to use the General Rule for either circumstance just described. Taxact sign You also had to use it for any fixed-period annuity. Taxact sign If you did not have to use the General Rule, you could have chosen to use it. Taxact sign If your annuity starting date is before July 2, 1986, you had to use the General Rule unless you could use the Three-Year Rule. Taxact sign   If you had to use the General Rule (or chose to use it), you must continue to use it each year that you recover your cost. Taxact sign Who cannot use the General Rule. Taxact sign   You cannot use the General Rule if you receive your pension or annuity from a qualified plan and none of the circumstances described in the preceding discussions apply to you. Taxact sign See Simplified Method , earlier. Taxact sign More information. Taxact sign   For complete information on using the General Rule, including the actuarial tables you need, see Publication 939. Taxact sign Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments This section of the publication explains how any nonperiodic distributions you receive under a pension or annuity plan are taxed. Taxact sign Nonperiodic distributions are also known as amounts not received as an annuity. Taxact sign They include all payments other than periodic payments and corrective distributions. Taxact sign For example, the following items are treated as nonperiodic distributions. Taxact sign Cash withdrawals. Taxact sign Distributions of current earnings (dividends) on your investment. Taxact sign However, do not include these distributions in your income to the extent the insurer keeps them to pay premiums or other consideration for the contract. Taxact sign Certain loans. Taxact sign See Loans Treated as Distributions , later. Taxact sign The value of annuity contracts transferred without full and adequate consideration. Taxact sign See Transfers of Annuity Contracts , later. Taxact sign Corrective distributions of excess plan contributions. Taxact sign   Generally, if the contributions made for you during the year to certain retirement plans exceed certain limits, the excess is taxable to you. Taxact sign To correct an excess, your plan may distribute it to you (along with any income earned on the excess). Taxact sign Although the plan reports the corrective distributions on Form 1099-R, the distribution is not treated as a nonperiodic distribution from the plan. Taxact sign It is not subject to the allocation rules explained in the following discussion, it cannot be rolled over into another plan, and it is not subject to the additional tax on early distributions. Taxact sign    If your retirement plan made a corrective distribution of excess amounts (excess deferrals, excess contributions, or excess annual additions), your Form 1099-R should have the code “8,” “B,” “P,” or “E” in box 7. Taxact sign   For information on plan contribution limits and how to report corrective distributions of excess contributions, see Retirement Plan Contributions under Employee Compensation in Publication 525. Taxact sign Figuring the Taxable Amount How you figure the taxable amount of a nonperiodic distribution depends on whether it is made before the annuity starting date, or on or after the annuity starting date. Taxact sign If it is made before the annuity starting date, its tax treatment also depends on whether it is made under a qualified or nonqualified plan. Taxact sign If it is made under a nonqualified plan, its tax treatment depends on whether it fully discharges the contract, is received under certain life insurance or endowment contracts, or is allocable to an investment you made before August 14, 1982. Taxact sign You may be able to roll over the taxable amount of a nonperiodic distribution from a qualified retirement plan into another qualified retirement plan or a traditional IRA tax free. Taxact sign See Rollovers, later. Taxact sign If you do not make a tax-free rollover and the distribution qualifies as a lump-sum distribution, you may be able to elect an optional method of figuring the tax on the taxable amount. Taxact sign See Lump-Sum Distributions, later. Taxact sign Annuity starting date. Taxact sign   The annuity starting date is either the first day of the first period for which you receive an annuity payment under the contract or the date on which the obligation under the contract becomes fixed, whichever is later. Taxact sign Distributions of employer securities. Taxact sign    If you receive a distribution of employer securities from a qualified retirement plan, you may be able to defer the tax on the net unrealized appreciation (NUA) in the securities. Taxact sign The NUA is the net increase in the securities' value while they were in the trust. Taxact sign This tax deferral applies to distributions of the employer corporation's stocks, bonds, registered debentures, and debentures with interest coupons attached. Taxact sign   If the distribution is a lump-sum distribution, tax is deferred on all of the NUA unless you choose to include it in your income for the year of the distribution. Taxact sign    A lump-sum distribution for this purpose is the distribution or payment of a plan participant's entire balance (within a single tax year) from all of the employer's qualified plans of one kind (pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plans), but only if paid: Because of the plan participant's death, After the participant reaches age 59½, Because the participant, if an employee, separates from service, or After the participant, if a self-employed individual, becomes totally and permanently disabled. Taxact sign    If you choose to include NUA in your income for the year of the distribution and the participant was born before January 2, 1936, you may be able to figure the tax on the NUA using the optional methods described und