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Tax deadline 2. Tax deadline   Roth IRAs Table of Contents What's New for 2013 What's New for 2014 Reminders Introduction What Is a Roth IRA? When Can a Roth IRA Be Opened? Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA?How Much Can Be Contributed? When Can You Make Contributions? What if You Contribute Too Much? Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA?Conversions Rollover From Employer's Plan Into a Roth IRA Military Death Gratuities and Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) Payments Rollover From a Roth IRA Rollover of Exxon Valdez Settlement Income Rollover of Airline Payments Are Distributions Taxable?What Are Qualified Distributions? Additional Tax on Early Distributions Ordering Rules for Distributions How Do You Figure the Taxable Part? Must You Withdraw or Use Assets?Minimum distributions. Tax deadline Recognizing Losses on Investments Distributions After Owner's Death What's New for 2013 Roth IRA contribution limit. Tax deadline  If contributions on your behalf are made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit for 2013 will generally be the lesser of: $5,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Tax deadline If you were age 50 or older before 2014 and contributions on your behalf were made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit for 2013 will generally be the lesser of: $6,500, or Your taxable compensation for the year. Tax deadline However, if your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) is above a certain amount, your contribution limit may be reduced. Tax deadline For more information, see How Much Can Be Contributed? under Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? in this chapter. Tax deadline Modified AGI limit for Roth IRA contributions increased. Tax deadline  For 2013, your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced (phased out) in the following situations. Tax deadline Your filing status is married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and your modified AGI is at least $178,000. Tax deadline You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $188,000 or more. Tax deadline Your filing status is single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time in 2013 and your modified AGI is at least $112,000. Tax deadline You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $127,000 or more. Tax deadline Your filing status is married filing separately, you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, and your modified AGI is more than -0-. Tax deadline You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $10,000 or more. Tax deadline See Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? in this chapter. Tax deadline Net Investment Income Tax. Tax deadline  For purposes of the Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT), net investment income does not include distributions from a qualified retirement plan (for example, 401(a), 403(a), 403(b), 457(b) plans, and IRAs). Tax deadline However, these distributions are taken into account when determining the modified adjusted gross income threshold. Tax deadline Distributions from a nonqualified retirement plan are included in net investment income. Tax deadline See Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, and its instructions for more information. Tax deadline What's New for 2014 Modified AGI limit for Roth IRA contributions increased. Tax deadline  For 2014, your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced (phased out) in the following situations. Tax deadline Your filing status is married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) and your modified AGI is at least $181,000. Tax deadline You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $191,000 or more. Tax deadline Your filing status is single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time in 2014 and your modified AGI is at least $114,000. Tax deadline You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $129,000 or more. Tax deadline Your filing status is married filing separately, you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, and your modified AGI is more than -0-. Tax deadline You cannot make a Roth IRA contribution if your modified AGI is $10,000 or more. Tax deadline Reminders Deemed IRAs. Tax deadline  For plan years beginning after 2002, a qualified employer plan (retirement plan) can maintain a separate account or annuity under the plan (a deemed IRA) to receive voluntary employee contributions. Tax deadline If the separate account or annuity otherwise meets the requirements of an IRA, it will be subject only to IRA rules. Tax deadline An employee's account can be treated as a traditional IRA or a Roth IRA. Tax deadline For this purpose, a “qualified employer plan” includes: A qualified pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan (section 401(a) plan), A qualified employee annuity plan (section 403(a) plan), A tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan), and A deferred compensation plan (section 457 plan) maintained by a state, a political subdivision of a state, or an agency or instrumentality of a state or political subdivision of a state. Tax deadline Designated Roth accounts. Tax deadline  Designated Roth accounts are separate accounts under 401(k), 403(b), or 457(b) plans that accept elective deferrals that are referred to as Roth contributions. Tax deadline These elective deferrals are included in your income, but qualified distributions from these accounts are not included in your income. Tax deadline Designated Roth accounts are not IRAs and should not be confused with Roth IRAs. Tax deadline Contributions, up to their respective limits, can be made to Roth IRAs and designated Roth accounts according to your eligibility to participate. Tax deadline A contribution to one does not impact your eligibility to contribute to the other. Tax deadline See Publication 575, for more information on designated Roth accounts. Tax deadline Introduction Regardless of your age, you may be able to establish and make nondeductible contributions to an individual retirement plan called a Roth IRA. Tax deadline Contributions not reported. Tax deadline   You do not report Roth IRA contributions on your return. Tax deadline What Is a Roth IRA? A Roth IRA is an individual retirement plan that, except as explained in this chapter, is subject to the rules that apply to a traditional IRA (defined next). Tax deadline It can be either an account or an annuity. Tax deadline Individual retirement accounts and annuities are described in chapter 1 under How Can a Traditional IRA Be Opened. Tax deadline To be a Roth IRA, the account or annuity must be designated as a Roth IRA when it is opened. Tax deadline A deemed IRA can be a Roth IRA, but neither a SEP IRA nor a SIMPLE IRA can be designated as a Roth IRA. Tax deadline Unlike a traditional IRA, you cannot deduct contributions to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline But, if you satisfy the requirements, qualified distributions (discussed later) are tax free. Tax deadline Contributions can be made to your Roth IRA after you reach age 70½ and you can leave amounts in your Roth IRA as long as you live. Tax deadline Traditional IRA. Tax deadline   A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth IRA or SIMPLE IRA. Tax deadline Traditional IRAs are discussed in chapter 1. Tax deadline When Can a Roth IRA Be Opened? You can open a Roth IRA at any time. Tax deadline However, the time for making contributions for any year is limited. Tax deadline See When Can You Make Contributions , later under Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline Can You Contribute to a Roth IRA? Generally, you can contribute to a Roth IRA if you have taxable compensation (defined later) and your modified AGI (defined later) is less than: $188,000 for married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $127,000 for single, head of household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year, and $10,000 for married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year. Tax deadline You may be able to claim a credit for contributions to your Roth IRA. Tax deadline For more information, see chapter 4. Tax deadline Is there an age limit for contributions?   Contributions can be made to your Roth IRA regardless of your age. Tax deadline Can you contribute to a Roth IRA for your spouse?   You can contribute to a Roth IRA for your spouse provided the contributions satisfy the Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA limit discussed in chapter 1 under How Much Can Be Contributed, you file jointly, and your modified AGI is less than $188,000. Tax deadline Compensation. Tax deadline   Compensation includes wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, bonuses, and other amounts received for providing personal services. Tax deadline It also includes commissions, self-employment income, nontaxable combat pay, military differential pay, and taxable alimony and separate maintenance payments. Tax deadline For more information, see What Is Compensation? under Who Can Open a Traditional IRA? in chapter 1. Tax deadline Modified AGI. Tax deadline   Your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes is your adjusted gross income (AGI) as shown on your return with some adjustments. Tax deadline Use Worksheet 2-1 , later, to determine your modified AGI. Tax deadline    Do not subtract conversion income when figuring your other AGI-based phaseouts and taxable income, such as your deduction for medical and dental expenses. Tax deadline Subtract them from AGI only for the purpose of figuring your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes. Tax deadline How Much Can Be Contributed? The contribution limit for Roth IRAs generally depends on whether contributions are made only to Roth IRAs or to both traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs. Tax deadline Worksheet 2-1. Tax deadline Modified Adjusted Gross Income for Roth IRA Purposes Use this worksheet to figure your modified adjusted gross income for Roth IRA purposes. Tax deadline 1. Tax deadline Enter your adjusted gross income from Form 1040, line 38; Form 1040A, line 22; or Form 1040NR, line 37 1. Tax deadline   2. Tax deadline Enter any income resulting from the conversion of an IRA (other than a Roth IRA) to a Roth IRA (included on Form 1040, line 15b, Form 1040A, line 11b, or Form 1040NR, line 16b) and a rollover from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA (included on Form 1040, line 16b, Form 1040A, line 12b, or Form 1040NR, line 17b) 2. Tax deadline   3. Tax deadline Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. Tax deadline   4. Tax deadline Enter any traditional IRA deduction from Form 1040, line 32; Form 1040A, line 17; or Form 1040NR, line 32 4. Tax deadline   5. Tax deadline Enter any student loan interest deduction from Form 1040, line 33; Form 1040A, line 18; or Form 1040NR, line 33 5. Tax deadline   6. Tax deadline Enter any tuition and fees deduction from Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19 6. Tax deadline   7. Tax deadline Enter any domestic production activities deduction from Form 1040, line 35, or Form 1040NR, line 34 7. Tax deadline   8. Tax deadline Enter any foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing exclusion from Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18 8. Tax deadline   9. Tax deadline Enter any foreign housing deduction from Form 2555, line 50 9. Tax deadline   10. Tax deadline Enter any excludable qualified savings bond interest from Form 8815, line 14 10. Tax deadline   11. Tax deadline Enter any excluded employer-provided adoption benefits from Form 8839, line 28 11. Tax deadline   12. Tax deadline Add the amounts on lines 3 through 11 12. Tax deadline   13. Tax deadline Enter: $188,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $10,000 if married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, or $127,000 for all others 13. Tax deadline   Is the amount on line 12 more than the amount on line 13? If yes, see the note below. Tax deadline  If no, the amount on line 12 is your modified adjusted gross income for Roth IRA purposes. Tax deadline       Note. Tax deadline If the amount on line 12 is more than the amount on line 13 and you have other income or loss items, such as social security income or passive activity losses, that are subject to AGI-based phaseouts, you can refigure your AGI solely for the purpose of figuring your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes. Tax deadline (If you receive social security benefits, use Worksheet 1 in Appendix B to refigure your AGI. Tax deadline ) Then go to line 3 above in this Worksheet 2-1 to refigure your modified AGI. Tax deadline If you do not have other income or loss items subject to AGI-based phaseouts, your modified adjusted gross income for Roth IRA purposes is the amount on line 12 above. Tax deadline Roth IRAs only. Tax deadline   If contributions are made only to Roth IRAs, your contribution limit generally is the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation. Tax deadline   However, if your modified AGI is above a certain amount, your contribution limit may be reduced, as explained later under Contribution limit reduced . Tax deadline Roth IRAs and traditional IRAs. Tax deadline   If contributions are made to both Roth IRAs and traditional IRAs established for your benefit, your contribution limit for Roth IRAs generally is the same as your limit would be if contributions were made only to Roth IRAs, but then reduced by all contributions for the year to all IRAs other than Roth IRAs. Tax deadline Employer contributions under a SEP or SIMPLE IRA plan do not affect this limit. Tax deadline   This means that your contribution limit is the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) minus all contributions (other than employer contributions under a SEP or SIMPLE IRA plan) for the year to all IRAs other than Roth IRAs, or Your taxable compensation minus all contributions (other than employer contributions under a SEP or SIMPLE IRA plan) for the year to all IRAs other than Roth IRAs. Tax deadline   However, if your modified AGI is above a certain amount, your contribution limit may be reduced, as explained below under Contribution limit reduced . Tax deadline   Simplified employee pensions (SEPs) are discussed in Publication 560. Tax deadline Savings incentive match plans for employees (SIMPLEs) are discussed in chapter 3. Tax deadline Repayment of reservist distributions. Tax deadline   You can repay qualified reservist distributions even if the repayments would cause your total contributions to the Roth IRA to be more than the general limit on contributions. Tax deadline However, the total repayments cannot be more than the amount of your distribution. Tax deadline Note. Tax deadline If you make repayments of qualified reservist distributions to a Roth IRA, increase your basis in the Roth IRA by the amount of the repayment. Tax deadline For more information, see Qualified reservist repayments under How Much Can Be Contributed? in chapter 1. Tax deadline Contribution limit reduced. Tax deadline   If your modified AGI is above a certain amount, your contribution limit is gradually reduced. Tax deadline Use Table 2-1, later, to determine if this reduction applies to you. Tax deadline Table 2-1. Tax deadline Effect of Modified AGI on Roth IRA Contribution This table shows whether your contribution to a Roth IRA is affected by the amount of your modified adjusted gross income (modified AGI). Tax deadline IF you have taxable compensation and your filing status is . Tax deadline . Tax deadline . Tax deadline AND your modified AGI is . Tax deadline . Tax deadline . Tax deadline THEN . Tax deadline . Tax deadline . Tax deadline married filing jointly or  qualifying widow(er) less than $178,000 you can contribute up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) as explained under How Much Can Be Contributed . Tax deadline at least $178,000 but less than $188,000 the amount you can contribute is reduced as explained under Contribution limit reduced . Tax deadline $188,000 or more you cannot contribute to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year zero (-0-) you can contribute up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) as explained under How Much Can Be Contributed . Tax deadline more than zero (-0-) but less than $10,000 the amount you can contribute is reduced as explained under Contribution limit reduced . Tax deadline $10,000 or more you cannot contribute to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline single, head of household,  or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year less than $112,000 you can contribute up to $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older) as explained under How Much Can Be Contributed . Tax deadline at least $112,000 but less than $127,000 the amount you can contribute is reduced as explained under Contribution limit reduced . Tax deadline $127,000 or more you cannot contribute to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline Figuring the reduction. Tax deadline   If the amount you can contribute must be reduced, use Worksheet 2-2, later, to figure your reduced contribution limit. Tax deadline Worksheet 2-2. Tax deadline Determining Your Reduced Roth IRA Contribution Limit Before using this worksheet, check Table 2-1, earlier, to determine whether or not your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced. Tax deadline If it is, use this worksheet to determine how much it is reduced. Tax deadline 1. Tax deadline Enter your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes (Worksheet 2-1, line 12) 1. Tax deadline   2. Tax deadline Enter: $178,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er), $-0- if married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time in 2013, or $112,000 for all others 2. Tax deadline   3. Tax deadline Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. Tax deadline   4. Tax deadline Enter: $10,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er) or married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, or $15,000 for all others 4. Tax deadline   5. Tax deadline Divide line 3 by line 4 and enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least three places). Tax deadline If the result is 1. Tax deadline 000 or more, enter 1. Tax deadline 000 5. Tax deadline   6. Tax deadline Enter the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation 6. Tax deadline   7. Tax deadline Multiply line 5 by line 6 7. Tax deadline   8. Tax deadline Subtract line 7 from line 6. Tax deadline Round the result up to the nearest $10. Tax deadline If the result is less than $200, enter $200 8. Tax deadline   9. Tax deadline Enter contributions for the year to other IRAs 9. Tax deadline   10. Tax deadline Subtract line 9 from line 6 10. Tax deadline   11. Tax deadline Enter the lesser of line 8 or line 10. Tax deadline This is your reduced Roth IRA contribution limit 11. Tax deadline      Round your reduced contribution limit up to the nearest $10. Tax deadline If your reduced contribution limit is more than $0, but less than $200, increase the limit to $200. Tax deadline Example. Tax deadline You are a 45-year-old, single individual with taxable compensation of $113,000. Tax deadline You want to make the maximum allowable contribution to your Roth IRA for 2013. Tax deadline Your modified AGI for 2013 is $113,000. Tax deadline You have not contributed to any traditional IRA, so the maximum contribution limit before the modified AGI reduction is $5,500. Tax deadline You figure your reduced Roth IRA contribution of $5,140 as shown on Worksheet 2-2. Tax deadline Example—Illustrated, later. Tax deadline   Worksheet 2-2. Tax deadline Example—Illustrated Before using this worksheet, check Table 2-1, earlier, to determine whether or not your Roth IRA contribution limit is reduced. Tax deadline If it is, use this worksheet to determine how much it is reduced. Tax deadline 1. Tax deadline Enter your modified AGI for Roth IRA purposes (Worksheet 2-1, line 12) 1. Tax deadline 113,000 2. Tax deadline Enter: $178,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er), $-0- if married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time in 2013, or $112,000 for all others 2. Tax deadline 112,000 3. Tax deadline Subtract line 2 from line 1 3. Tax deadline 1,000 4. Tax deadline Enter: $10,000 if filing a joint return or qualifying widow(er) or married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, or $15,000 for all others 4. Tax deadline 15,000 5. Tax deadline Divide line 3 by line 4 and enter the result as a decimal (rounded to at least three places). Tax deadline If the result is 1. Tax deadline 000 or more, enter 1. Tax deadline 000 5. Tax deadline . Tax deadline 067 6. Tax deadline Enter the lesser of: $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older), or Your taxable compensation 6. Tax deadline 5,500 7. Tax deadline Multiply line 5 by line 6 7. Tax deadline 369 8. Tax deadline Subtract line 7 from line 6. Tax deadline Round the result up to the nearest $10. Tax deadline If the result is less than $200, enter $200 8. Tax deadline 5,140 9. Tax deadline Enter contributions for the year to other IRAs 9. Tax deadline 0 10. Tax deadline Subtract line 9 from line 6 10. Tax deadline 5,500 11. Tax deadline Enter the lesser of line 8 or line 10. Tax deadline This is your reduced Roth IRA contribution limit 11. Tax deadline 5,140 When Can You Make Contributions? You can make contributions to a Roth IRA for a year at any time during the year or by the due date of your return for that year (not including extensions). Tax deadline You can make contributions for 2013 by the due date (not including extensions) for filing your 2013 tax return. Tax deadline This means that most people can make contributions for 2013 by April 15, 2014. Tax deadline What if You Contribute Too Much? A 6% excise tax applies to any excess contribution to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline Excess contributions. Tax deadline   These are the contributions to your Roth IRAs for a year that equal the total of: Amounts contributed for the tax year to your Roth IRAs (other than amounts properly and timely rolled over from a Roth IRA or properly converted from a traditional IRA or rolled over from a qualified retirement plan, as described later) that are more than your contribution limit for the year (explained earlier under How Much Can Be Contributed? ), plus Any excess contributions for the preceding year, reduced by the total of: Any distributions out of your Roth IRAs for the year, plus Your contribution limit for the year minus your contributions to all your IRAs for the year. Tax deadline Withdrawal of excess contributions. Tax deadline   For purposes of determining excess contributions, any contribution that is withdrawn on or before the due date (including extensions) for filing your tax return for the year is treated as an amount not contributed. Tax deadline This treatment only applies if any earnings on the contributions are also withdrawn. Tax deadline The earnings are considered earned and received in the year the excess contribution was made. Tax deadline   If you timely filed your 2013 tax return without withdrawing a contribution that you made in 2013, you can still have the contribution returned to you within 6 months of the due date of your 2013 tax return, excluding extensions. Tax deadline If you do, file an amended return with “Filed pursuant to section 301. Tax deadline 9100-2” written at the top. Tax deadline Report any related earnings on the amended return and include an explanation of the withdrawal. Tax deadline Make any other necessary changes on the amended return. Tax deadline Applying excess contributions. Tax deadline    If contributions to your Roth IRA for a year were more than the limit, you can apply the excess contribution in one year to a later year if the contributions for that later year are less than the maximum allowed for that year. Tax deadline Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA? You may be able to convert amounts from either a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA into a Roth IRA. Tax deadline You may be able to roll over amounts from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline You may be able to recharacterize contributions made to one IRA as having been made directly to a different IRA. Tax deadline You can roll amounts over from a designated Roth account or from one Roth IRA to another Roth IRA. Tax deadline Conversions You can convert a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline The conversion is treated as a rollover, regardless of the conversion method used. Tax deadline Most of the rules for rollovers, described in chapter 1 under Rollover From One IRA Into Another , apply to these rollovers. Tax deadline However, the 1-year waiting period does not apply. Tax deadline Conversion methods. Tax deadline   You can convert amounts from a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA in any of the following three ways. Tax deadline Rollover. Tax deadline You can receive a distribution from a traditional IRA and roll it over (contribute it) to a Roth IRA within 60 days after the distribution. Tax deadline Trustee-to-trustee transfer. Tax deadline You can direct the trustee of the traditional IRA to transfer an amount from the traditional IRA to the trustee of the Roth IRA. Tax deadline Same trustee transfer. Tax deadline If the trustee of the traditional IRA also maintains the Roth IRA, you can direct the trustee to transfer an amount from the traditional IRA to the Roth IRA. Tax deadline Same trustee. Tax deadline   Conversions made with the same trustee can be made by redesignating the traditional IRA as a Roth IRA, rather than opening a new account or issuing a new contract. Tax deadline Income. Tax deadline   You must include in your gross income distributions from a traditional IRA that you would have had to include in income if you had not converted them into a Roth IRA. Tax deadline These amounts are normally included in income on your return for the year that you converted them from a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline If you must include any amount in your gross income, you may have to increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. Tax deadline See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Tax deadline More information. Tax deadline   For more information on conversions, see Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA in chapter 1. Tax deadline Rollover From Employer's Plan Into a Roth IRA You can roll over into a Roth IRA all or part of an eligible rollover distribution you receive from your (or your deceased spouse's): Employer's qualified pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan (including a 401(k) plan); Annuity plan; Tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan); or Governmental deferred compensation plan (section 457 plan). Tax deadline Any amount rolled over is subject to the same rules for converting a traditional IRA into a Roth IRA. Tax deadline See Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA in chapter 1. Tax deadline Also, the rollover contribution must meet the rollover requirements that apply to the specific type of retirement plan. Tax deadline Rollover methods. Tax deadline   You can roll over amounts from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA in one of the following ways. Tax deadline Rollover. Tax deadline You can receive a distribution from a qualified retirement plan and roll it over (contribute) to a Roth IRA within 60 days after the distribution. Tax deadline Since the distribution is paid directly to you, the payer generally must withhold 20% of it. Tax deadline Direct rollover option. Tax deadline Your employer's qualified plan must give you the option to have any part of an eligible rollover distribution paid directly to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline Generally, no tax is withheld from any part of the designated distribution that is directly paid to the trustee of the Roth IRA. Tax deadline Rollover by nonspouse beneficiary. Tax deadline   If you are a designated beneficiary (other than a surviving spouse) of a deceased employee, you can roll over all or part of an eligible rollover distribution from one of the types of plans listed above into a Roth IRA. Tax deadline You must make the rollover by a direct trustee-to-trustee transfer into an inherited Roth IRA. Tax deadline   You will determine your required minimum distributions in years after you make the rollover based on whether the employee died before his or her required beginning date for taking distributions from the plan. Tax deadline For more information, see Distributions after the employee’s death under Tax on Excess Accumulation in Publication 575. Tax deadline Income. Tax deadline   You must include in your gross income distributions from a qualified retirement plan that you would have had to include in income if you had not rolled them over into a Roth IRA. Tax deadline You do not include in gross income any part of a distribution from a qualified retirement plan that is a return of contributions (after-tax contributions) to the plan that were taxable to you when paid. Tax deadline These amounts are normally included in income on your return for the year of the rollover from the qualified employer plan to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline If you must include any amount in your gross income, you may have to increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. Tax deadline See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Tax deadline For more information on eligible rollover distributions from qualified retirement plans and withholding, see Rollover From Employer's Plan Into an IRA in chapter 1. Tax deadline Military Death Gratuities and Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) Payments If you received a military death gratuity or SGLI payment with respect to a death from injury that occurred after October 6, 2001, you can contribute (roll over) all or part of the amount received to your Roth IRA. Tax deadline The contribution is treated as a qualified rollover contribution. Tax deadline The amount you can roll over to your Roth IRA cannot exceed the total amount that you received reduced by any part of that amount that was contributed to a Coverdell ESA or another Roth IRA. Tax deadline Any military death gratuity or SGLI payment contributed to a Roth IRA is disregarded for purposes of the 1-year waiting period between rollovers. Tax deadline The rollover must be completed before the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date you received the payment. Tax deadline The amount contributed to your Roth IRA is treated as part of your cost basis (investment in the contract) in the Roth IRA that is not taxable when distributed. Tax deadline Rollover From a Roth IRA You can withdraw, tax free, all or part of the assets from one Roth IRA if you contribute them within 60 days to another Roth IRA. Tax deadline Most of the rules for rollovers, described in chapter 1 under Rollover From One IRA Into Another , apply to these rollovers. Tax deadline However, rollovers from retirement plans other than Roth IRAs are disregarded for purposes of the 1-year waiting period between rollovers. Tax deadline A rollover from a Roth IRA to an employer retirement plan is not allowed. Tax deadline A rollover from a designated Roth account can only be made to another designated Roth account or to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline If you roll over an amount from one Roth IRA to another Roth IRA, the 5-year period used to determine qualified distributions does not change. Tax deadline The 5-year period begins with the first taxable year for which the contribution was made to the initial Roth IRA. Tax deadline See What are Qualified Distributions , later. Tax deadline Rollover of Exxon Valdez Settlement Income If you are a qualified taxpayer (defined in chapter 1, earlier) and you received qualified settlement income (defined in chapter 1, earlier), you can contribute all or part of the amount received to an eligible retirement plan which includes a Roth IRA. Tax deadline The rules for contributing qualified settlement income to a Roth IRA are the same as the rules for contributing qualified settlement income to a traditional IRA with the following exception. Tax deadline Qualified settlement income that is contributed to a Roth IRA, or to a designated Roth account, will be: Included in your taxable income for the year the qualified settlement income was received, and Treated as part of your cost basis (investment in the contract) in the Roth IRA that is not taxable when distributed. Tax deadline For more information, see Rollover of Exxon Valdez Settlement Income in chapter 1. Tax deadline Rollover of Airline Payments If you are a qualified airline employee (defined next), you may contribute any portion of an airline payment (defined below) you receive to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline The contribution must be made within 180 days from the date you received the payment. Tax deadline The contribution will be treated as a qualified rollover contribution. Tax deadline The rollover contribution is included in income to the extent it would be included in income if it were not part of the rollover contribution. Tax deadline Also, any reduction in the airline payment amount on account of employment taxes shall be disregarded when figuring the amount you can contribute to your Roth IRA. Tax deadline Qualified airline employee. Tax deadline    A current or former employee of a commercial airline carrier who was a participant in a qualified defined benefit plan maintained by the carrier which was terminated or became subject to restrictions under Section 402(b) of the Pension Protection Act of 2006. Tax deadline These provisions also apply to surviving spouses of qualified airline employees. Tax deadline Airline payment. Tax deadline    An airline payment is any payment of money or other property that is paid to a qualified airline employee from a commercial airline carrier. Tax deadline The payment also must be made both: Under the approval of an order of federal bankruptcy court in a case filed after September 11, 2001, and before January 1, 2007, and In respect of the qualified airline employee’s interest in a bankruptcy claim against the airline carrier, any note of the carrier (or amount paid in lieu of a note being issued), or any other fixed obligation of the carrier to pay a lump sum amount. Tax deadline Any reduction in the airline payment amount on account of employment taxes shall be disregarded when figuring the amount you can roll over to your traditional IRA. Tax deadline Also, an airline payment shall not include any amount payable on the basis of the airline carrier’s future earnings or profits. Tax deadline Are Distributions Taxable? You do not include in your gross income qualified distributions or distributions that are a return of your regular contributions from your Roth IRA(s). Tax deadline You also do not include distributions from your Roth IRA that you roll over tax free into another Roth IRA. Tax deadline You may have to include part of other distributions in your income. Tax deadline See Ordering Rules for Distributions , later. Tax deadline Basis of distributed property. Tax deadline   The basis of property distributed from a Roth IRA is its fair market value (FMV) on the date of distribution, whether or not the distribution is a qualified distribution. Tax deadline Withdrawals of contributions by due date. Tax deadline   If you withdraw contributions (including any net earnings on the contributions) by the due date of your return for the year in which you made the contribution, the contributions are treated as if you never made them. Tax deadline If you have an extension of time to file your return, you can withdraw the contributions and earnings by the extended due date. Tax deadline The withdrawal of contributions is tax free, but you must include the earnings on the contributions in income for the year in which you made the contributions. Tax deadline What Are Qualified Distributions? A qualified distribution is any payment or distribution from your Roth IRA that meets the following requirements. Tax deadline It is made after the 5-year period beginning with the first taxable year for which a contribution was made to a Roth IRA set up for your benefit, and The payment or distribution is: Made on or after the date you reach age 59½, Made because you are disabled (defined earlier), Made to a beneficiary or to your estate after your death, or One that meets the requirements listed under First home under Exceptions in chapter 1 (up to a $10,000 lifetime limit). Tax deadline Additional Tax on Early Distributions If you receive a distribution that is not a qualified distribution, you may have to pay the 10% additional tax on early distributions as explained in the following paragraphs. Tax deadline Distributions of conversion and certain rollover contributions within 5-year period. Tax deadline   If, within the 5-year period starting with the first day of your tax year in which you convert an amount from a traditional IRA or rollover an amount from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA, you take a distribution from a Roth IRA, you may have to pay the 10% additional tax on early distributions. Tax deadline You generally must pay the 10% additional tax on any amount attributable to the part of the amount converted or rolled over (the conversion or rollover contribution) that you had to include in income (recapture amount). Tax deadline A separate 5-year period applies to each conversion and rollover. Tax deadline See Ordering Rules for Distributions , later, to determine the recapture amount, if any. Tax deadline   The 5-year period used for determining whether the 10% early distribution tax applies to a distribution from a conversion or rollover contribution is separately determined for each conversion and rollover, and is not necessarily the same as the 5-year period used for determining whether a distribution is a qualified distribution. Tax deadline See What Are Qualified Distributions , earlier. Tax deadline   For example, if a calendar-year taxpayer makes a conversion contribution on February 25, 2013, and makes a regular contribution for 2012 on the same date, the 5-year period for the conversion begins January 1, 2013, while the 5-year period for the regular contribution begins on January 1, 2012. Tax deadline   Unless one of the exceptions listed later applies, you must pay the additional tax on the portion of the distribution attributable to the part of the conversion or rollover contribution that you had to include in income because of the conversion or rollover. Tax deadline   You must pay the 10% additional tax in the year of the distribution, even if you had included the conversion or rollover contribution in an earlier year. Tax deadline You also must pay the additional tax on any portion of the distribution attributable to earnings on contributions. Tax deadline Other early distributions. Tax deadline   Unless one of the exceptions listed below applies, you must pay the 10% additional tax on the taxable part of any distributions that are not qualified distributions. Tax deadline Exceptions. Tax deadline   You may not have to pay the 10% additional tax in the following situations. Tax deadline You have reached age 59½. Tax deadline You are totally and permanently disabled. Tax deadline You are the beneficiary of a deceased IRA owner. Tax deadline You use the distribution to buy, build, or rebuild a first home. Tax deadline The distributions are part of a series of substantially equal payments. Tax deadline You have unreimbursed medical expenses that are more than 10% (or 7. Tax deadline 5% if you or your spouse was born before January 2, 1949) of your adjusted gross income (defined earlier) for the year. Tax deadline You are paying medical insurance premiums during a period of unemployment. Tax deadline The distributions are not more than your qualified higher education expenses. Tax deadline The distribution is due to an IRS levy of the qualified plan. Tax deadline The distribution is a qualified reservist distribution. Tax deadline Most of these exceptions are discussed earlier in chapter 1 under Early Distributions . Tax deadline Please click here for the text description of the image. Tax deadline Is Roth Distributions a Qualified Distribution? Ordering Rules for Distributions If you receive a distribution from your Roth IRA that is not a qualified distribution, part of it may be taxable. Tax deadline There is a set order in which contributions (including conversion contributions and rollover contributions from qualified retirement plans) and earnings are considered to be distributed from your Roth IRA. Tax deadline For these purposes, disregard the withdrawal of excess contributions and the earnings on them (discussed earlier under What if You Contribute Too Much ). Tax deadline Order the distributions as follows. Tax deadline Regular contributions. Tax deadline Conversion and rollover contributions, on a first-in, first-out basis (generally, total conversions and rollovers from the earliest year first). Tax deadline See Aggregation (grouping and adding) rules, later. Tax deadline Take these conversion and rollover contributions into account as follows: Taxable portion (the amount required to be included in gross income because of the conversion or rollover) first, and then the Nontaxable portion. Tax deadline Earnings on contributions. Tax deadline Disregard rollover contributions from other Roth IRAs for this purpose. Tax deadline Aggregation (grouping and adding) rules. Tax deadline   Determine the taxable amounts distributed (withdrawn), distributions, and contributions by grouping and adding them together as follows. Tax deadline Add all distributions from all your Roth IRAs during the year together. Tax deadline Add all regular contributions made for the year (including contributions made after the close of the year, but before the due date of your return) together. Tax deadline Add this total to the total undistributed regular contributions made in prior years. Tax deadline Add all conversion and rollover contributions made during the year together. Tax deadline For purposes of the ordering rules, in the case of any conversion or rollover in which the conversion or rollover distribution is made in 2013 and the conversion or rollover contribution is made in 2014, treat the conversion or rollover contribution as contributed before any other conversion or rollover contributions made in 2014. Tax deadline Add any recharacterized contributions that end up in a Roth IRA to the appropriate contribution group for the year that the original contribution would have been taken into account if it had been made directly to the Roth IRA. Tax deadline   Disregard any recharacterized contribution that ends up in an IRA other than a Roth IRA for the purpose of grouping (aggregating) both contributions and distributions. Tax deadline Also disregard any amount withdrawn to correct an excess contribution (including the earnings withdrawn) for this purpose. Tax deadline Example. Tax deadline On October 15, 2009, Justin converted all $80,000 in his traditional IRA to his Roth IRA. Tax deadline His Forms 8606 from prior years show that $20,000 of the amount converted is his basis. Tax deadline Justin included $60,000 ($80,000 − $20,000) in his gross income. Tax deadline On February 23, 2013, Justin made a regular contribution of $5,000 to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline On November 8, 2013, at age 60, Justin took a $7,000 distribution from his Roth IRA. Tax deadline The first $5,000 of the distribution is a return of Justin's regular contribution and is not includible in his income. Tax deadline The next $2,000 of the distribution is not includible in income because it was included previously. Tax deadline Figuring your recapture amount. Tax deadline   If you had an early distribution from your Roth IRAs in 2013, you must allocate the early distribution by using the Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart, later. Tax deadline Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart Enter the amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19   Before you begin: You will need your prior year Form(s) 8606 and income tax return(s) if you entered an amount on any line(s) as indicated below. Tax deadline   You will now allocate the amount you entered above (2013 Form 8606, line 19) in the order shown, to the amounts on the lines listed below (to the extent a prior year distribution was not allocable to the amount). Tax deadline The maximum amount you can enter on each line below is the amount entered on the referenced lines of the form for that year. Tax deadline Note. Tax deadline Once you have allocated the full amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19, STOP. Tax deadline See the Example , earlier. Tax deadline Tax Year Your Form 2013 Form 8606, line 20   Form 8606, line 22   1998 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   1999 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2000 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2001 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2002 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2003 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2004 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2005 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2006 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2007 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2008 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2009 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2010 Form 8606, lines 18 and 23   Form 8606, lines 17 and 22   2011 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2012 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 25       *Only include those amounts rolled over to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline  **Only include any contributions (usually Form 1099-R, box 5) that were taxable to you when made and rolled over to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline Amount to include on Form 5329, line 1. Tax deadline   Include on line 1 of your 2013 Form 5329 the following four amounts from the Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart that you filled out. Tax deadline The amount you allocated to line 20 of your 2013 Form 8606. Tax deadline The amount(s) allocated to your 2009 through 2013 Forms 8606, line 18, and your 2010 Form 8606, line 23. Tax deadline The amount(s) allocated to your 2009, 2011, 2012, and 2013 Forms 1040, line 16b; Forms 1040A, line 12b; and Forms 1040NR, line 17b. Tax deadline The amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 25. Tax deadline   Also, include any amount you allocated to line 20 of your 2013 Form 8606 on your 2013 Form 5329, line 2, and enter exception number 09. Tax deadline Example. Tax deadline Ishmael, age 32, opened a Roth IRA in 2000. Tax deadline He made the maximum contributions to it every year. Tax deadline In addition, he made the following transactions into his Roth IRA. Tax deadline In 2005, he converted $10,000 from his traditional IRA into his Roth IRA. Tax deadline He filled out a 2005 Form 8606 and attached it with his 2005 Form 1040. Tax deadline He entered $0 on line 17 of Form 8606 because he took a deduction for all the contributions to the traditional IRA, therefore he has no basis. Tax deadline He entered $10,000 on line 18 of Form 8606. Tax deadline In 2011, he rolled over the entire balance of his qualified retirement plan, $20,000, into a Roth IRA when he changed jobs. Tax deadline He used a 2011 Form 1040 to file his taxes. Tax deadline He entered $20,000 on line 16a of Form 1040 because that was the amount reported in box 1 of his 2011 Form 1099-R. Tax deadline Box 5 of his 2011 Form 1099-R reported $0 since he did not make any after-tax contributions to the qualified retirement plan. Tax deadline He entered $20,000 on line 16b of Form 1040 since that is the taxable amount that was rolled over in 2011. Tax deadline The total balance in his Roth IRA as of January 1, 2013 was $105,000 ($50,000 in contributions from 2000 through 2012 + $10,000 from the 2005 conversion + $20,000 from the 2011 rollover + $25,000 from earnings). Tax deadline He has not taken any early distribution from his Roth IRA before 2013. Tax deadline In 2013, he made the maximum contribution of $5,500 to his Roth IRA. Tax deadline In August of 2013, he took a $85,500 early distribution from his Roth IRA to use as a down payment on the purchase of his first home. Tax deadline See his filled out Illustrated Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart, later, to see how he allocated the amounts from the above transactions. Tax deadline Based on his allocation, he would enter $20,000 on his 2013 Form 5329, line 1 (see Amount to include on Form 5329, line 1 , above). Tax deadline He should also report $10,000 on his 2013 Form 5329, line 2, and enter exception 09 since that amount is not subject to the 10% additional tax on early distributions. Tax deadline Illustrated Recapture Amount—Allocation Chart Enter the amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19 $85,500 Before you begin: You will need your prior year Form(s) 8606 and income tax return(s) if you entered an amount on any line(s) as indicated below. Tax deadline   You will now allocate the amount you entered above (2013 Form 8606, line 19) in the order shown, to the amounts on the lines listed below (to the extent a prior year distribution was not allocable to the amount). Tax deadline The maximum amount you can enter on each line below is the amount entered on the referenced lines of the form for that year. Tax deadline Note. Tax deadline Once you have allocated the full amount from your 2013 Form 8606, line 19, STOP. Tax deadline See the Example , earlier. Tax deadline Tax Year Your Form 2013 Form 8606, line 20 $10,000 Form 8606, line 22 $55,500 1998 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   1999 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2000 Form 8606, line 16   Form 8606, line 15   2001 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2002 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2003 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2004 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2005 Form 8606, line 18 $10,000 Form 8606, line 17 $-0- 2006 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2007 Form 8606, line 18   Form 8606, line 17   2008 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2009 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2010 Form 8606, lines 18 and 23   Form 8606, lines 17 and 22   2011 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b* $10,000 Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2012 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 18  and  Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b*   Form 8606, line 17  and  Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a**   2013 Form 8606, line 25       *Only include those amounts rolled over to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline  **Only include any contributions (usually Form 1099-R, box 5) that were taxable to you when made and rolled over to a Roth IRA. Tax deadline How Do You Figure the Taxable Part? To figure the taxable part of a distribution that is not a qualified distribution, complete Form 8606, Part III. Tax deadline Must You Withdraw or Use Assets? You are not required to take distributions from your Roth IRA at any age. Tax deadline The minimum distribution rules that apply to traditional IRAs do not apply to Roth IRAs while the owner is alive. Tax deadline However, after the death of a Roth IRA owner, certain of the minimum distribution rules that apply to traditional IRAs also apply to Roth IRAs as explained later under Distributions After Owner's Death . Tax deadline Minimum distributions. Tax deadline   You cannot use your Roth IRA to satisfy minimum distribution requirements for your traditional IRA. Tax deadline Nor can you use distributions from traditional IRAs for required distributions from Roth IRAs. Tax deadline See Distributions to beneficiaries , later. Tax deadline Recognizing Losses on Investments If you have a loss on your Roth IRA investment, you can recognize the loss on your income tax return, but only when all the amounts in all of your Roth IRA accounts have been distributed to you and the total distributions are less than your unrecovered basis. Tax deadline Your basis is the total amount of contributions in your Roth IRAs. Tax deadline You claim the loss as a miscellaneous itemized deduction, subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to certain miscellaneous itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Tax deadline Any such losses are added back to taxable income for purposes of calculating the alternative minimum tax. Tax deadline Distributions After Owner's Death If a Roth IRA owner dies, the minimum distribution rules that apply to traditional IRAs apply to Roth IRAs as though the Roth IRA owner died before his or her required beginning date. Tax deadline See When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets? in chapter 1. Tax deadline Distributions to beneficiaries. Tax deadline   Generally, the entire interest in the Roth IRA must be distributed by the end of the fifth calendar year after the year of the owner's death unless the interest is payable to a designated beneficiary over the life or life expectancy of the designated beneficiary. Tax deadline (See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) in chapter 1. Tax deadline )   If paid as an annuity, the entire interest must be payable over a period not greater than the designated beneficiary's life expectancy and distributions must begin before the end of the calendar year following the year of death. Tax deadline Distributions from another Roth IRA cannot be substituted for these distributions unless the other Roth IRA was inherited from the same decedent. Tax deadline   If the sole beneficiary is the spouse, he or she can either delay distributions until the decedent would have reached age 70½ or treat the Roth IRA as his or her own. Tax deadline Combining with other Roth IRAs. Tax deadline   A beneficiary can combine an inherited Roth IRA with another Roth IRA maintained by the beneficiary only if the beneficiary either: Inherited the other Roth IRA from the same decedent, or Was the spouse of the decedent and the sole beneficiary of the Roth IRA and elects to treat it as his or her own IRA. Tax deadline Distributions that are not qualified distributions. Tax deadline   If a distribution to a beneficiary is not a qualified distribution, it is generally includible in the beneficiary's gross income in the same manner as it would have been included in the owner's income had it been distributed to the IRA owner when he or she was alive. Tax deadline   If the owner of a Roth IRA dies before the end of: The 5-year period beginning with the first taxable year for which a contribution was made to a Roth IRA set up for the owner's benefit, or The 5-year period starting with the year of a conversion contribution from a traditional IRA or a rollover from a qualified retirement plan to a Roth IRA, each type of contribution is divided among multiple beneficiaries according to the pro-rata share of each. Tax deadline See Ordering Rules for Distributions , earlier in this chapter under Are Distributions Taxable. Tax deadline Example. Tax deadline When Ms. Tax deadline Hibbard died in 2013, her Roth IRA contained regular contributions of $4,000, a conversion contribution of $10,000 that was made in 2009, and earnings of $2,000. Tax deadline No distributions had been made from her IRA. Tax deadline She had no basis in the conversion contribution in 2009. Tax deadline When she established this Roth IRA (her first) in 2009, she named each of her four children as equal beneficiaries. Tax deadline Each child will receive one-fourth of each type of contribution and one-fourth of the earnings. Tax deadline An immediate distribution of $4,000 to each child will be treated as $1,000 from regular contributions, $2,500 from conversion contributions, and $500 from earnings. Tax deadline In this case, because the distributions are made before the end of the applicable 5-year period for a qualified distribution, each beneficiary includes $500 in income for 2013. Tax deadline The 10% additional tax on early distributions does not apply because the distribution was made to the beneficiaries as a result of the death of the IRA owner. Tax deadline If distributions from an inherited Roth IRA are less than the required minimum distribution for the year, discussed in chapter 1 under When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions), you may have to pay a 50% excise tax for that year on the amount not distributed as required. Tax deadline For the tax on excess accumulations (insufficient distributions), see Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) under What Acts Result in Penalties or Additional Taxes? in chapter 1. Tax deadline If this applies to you, substitute “Roth IRA” for “traditional IRA” in that discussion. Tax deadline Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Understanding Your CP160 Notice

You received this notice to remind you of the amount you owe in tax, penalty and interest.


What you need to do

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 26-Mar-2014

How to get help

  • Call the 1-800 number listed on the top right corner of your notice.
  • Authorize someone (e.g., accountant) to contact the IRS on your behalf using Form 2848.
  • See if you qualify for help from a Low Income Taxpayer Clinic.
     

The Tax Deadline

Tax deadline Index A Adoption Child tax credit, Adopted child. Tax deadline (see also Child tax credit) Afghanistan, Afghanistan area. Tax deadline Aliens, Alien Status Amount of exclusion, Amount of Exclusion Arabian peninsula, Arabian peninsula. Tax deadline Assistance (see Tax help) C Child tax credit, Child Tax Credit Limits Modified adjusted gross income, Modified AGI. Tax deadline Qualifying child, Qualifying Child Child, qualifying, Qualifying child. Tax deadline Claims for tax forgiveness, Claims for Tax Forgiveness Codes, W-2, Form W-2 Codes Combat zone Election to include pay for earned income credit, Nontaxable combat pay election. Tax deadline Exclusion, Combat Zone Exclusion Extension of deadlines, Service That Qualifies for an Extension of Deadline Related forgiveness, Combat Zone Related Forgiveness Community property, Community Property, Residents of community property states. Tax deadline Contingency operation, Service That Qualifies for an Extension of Deadline Credits Child tax, Child Tax Credit Earned income, Earned Income Credit Excess social security tax withheld, Credit for Excess Social Security Tax Withheld First-time homebuyer, First-Time Homebuyer Credit D Decedents, Forgiveness of Decedent's Tax Liability Deductions, itemized, Itemized Deductions Domicile, Domicile. Tax deadline Dual-status aliens, Dual-Status Aliens E Earned income credit, Earned Income Credit Social security card, Social security number. Tax deadline Social security number, Social security number. Tax deadline Educational expenses, Educational Expenses Employee business expenses, Employee Business Expenses Excess social security tax withholding credit, Credit for Excess Social Security Tax Withheld Excess withholding credit How to take, How to take the credit. Tax deadline Expenses Employee business, Employee Business Expenses Moving, Moving Expenses Extension of deadlines, Extension of Deadlines Extension of time to file, Extensions F Family, Adopted child. Tax deadline (see also Child tax credit) Filing returns, Filing Returns First-time homebuyer credit, First-Time Homebuyer Credit Foreclosures Mortgage settlement payouts, Foreclosures Foreign income, Foreign Source Income Foreign moves, Foreign Moves Forms 1040, Foreign Moves, Itemized Deductions, Where To File 1040A, Where To File 1040EZ, Where To File 1040NR, Nonresident Aliens 2106, Employee Business Expenses, Reimbursement. Tax deadline 2106-EZ, Employee Business Expenses 2848, Signing Returns, Spouse overseas. Tax deadline 3903, Moving Expenses 4868, Extensions W-2, Form W-2 Codes, Form W-2. Tax deadline , Nontaxable combat pay election. Tax deadline Foster care Child tax credit, Qualifying Child Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. Tax deadline G Gross income, Gross Income H Help (see Tax help) Home Away from, Away from home. Tax deadline Definition of, Away from home. Tax deadline Sale of, Sale of Home Homebuyer credit, First-Time Homebuyer Credit Hospitalization, Hospitalized While Serving in a Combat Zone, Hospitalized After Leaving a Combat Zone, Qualified hospitalization. Tax deadline I Income Foreign source, Foreign Source Income Gross, Gross Income Individual retirement arrangements, Individual Retirement Arrangements Installment agreement Payment deferment, Request for deferment. Tax deadline Interest rate (maximum), Maximum Rate of Interest Iraq, Arabian peninsula. Tax deadline Itemized deductions, Itemized Deductions J Joint returns, Joint returns. Tax deadline , Joint returns. Tax deadline , Joint returns. Tax deadline K Kosovo, The Kosovo area. Tax deadline M Military action related forgiveness, Terrorist or Military Action Related Forgiveness Military Spouses Residency Relief Act Domicile, Military Spouses Residency Relief Act (MSRRA) Miscellaneous itemized deductions, Employee Business Expenses Missing status, Missing status. Tax deadline , Spouse in missing status. Tax deadline , Missing status. Tax deadline Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) Child tax credit limits, Modified AGI. Tax deadline Moving expenses, Moving Expenses N Nonresident aliens, Nonresident Aliens P Permanent change of station, Permanent change of station. Tax deadline Personal representative, Forgiveness of Decedent's Tax Liability Power of attorney, Signing Returns Professional dues, Professional Dues Publications (see Tax help) Q Qualifying child, Qualifying child. Tax deadline R Reimbursements Employee business expenses, Reimbursement. Tax deadline Moving and storage, Services or reimbursements provided by the government. Tax deadline Uniforms, Uniforms Reservists, Armed Forces reservists. Tax deadline Travel, Armed Forces Reservists Uniforms, Uniforms Resident aliens, Resident Aliens Returns Filing, Filing Returns Signing, Signing Returns S Sale of home, Sale of Home Same-sex marriage, Same-Sex Marriage SCRA violation payouts, Foreclosures Separate returns, Separate returns. Tax deadline Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, Maximum Rate of Interest Serving in a combat zone, Serving in a Combat Zone Social security numbers (SSNs) Earned income credit, Residency test. Tax deadline Spouse Deadline extension, Spouses. Tax deadline Died, Spouse died during the year. Tax deadline Incapacitated, Spouse incapacitated. Tax deadline Missing, Spouse in missing status. Tax deadline Nonresident alien, Treating nonresident alien spouse as resident alien. Tax deadline Overseas, Spouse overseas. Tax deadline State bonus payments, State bonus payments. Tax deadline T Tax forgiven, Combat Zone Related Forgiveness Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Temporary work location, Temporary work location. Tax deadline Terrorist related forgiveness, Terrorist or Military Action Related Forgiveness Transportation, Armed Forces reservists. Tax deadline Transportation expenses, Transportation Expenses Travel expenses, Travel Expenses TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help U Uniforms, Uniforms W When to file, When To File Where to file, Where To File Y Yugoslavia, The Kosovo area. Tax deadline Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications