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Student Income Tax

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Student Income Tax

Student income tax Part Six -   Cómo Calcular los Impuestos y Créditos Los ocho capítulos de esta sección explican cómo calcular sus impuestos y cómo calcular los impuestos de determinados hijos con ingresos no derivados del trabajo de $2,000 o más. Student income tax Explican también créditos tributarios que, a diferencia de las deducciones, se restan directamente de los impuestos y los disminuyen, dólar por dólar. Student income tax El capítulo 36 trata sobre el crédito por ingreso del trabajo y el capítulo 37 abarca una amplia gama de otros créditos, como por ejemplo, el crédito por adopción. Student income tax Table of Contents 30. Student income tax   Cómo Calcular los ImpuestosIntroduction Cómo Calcular los Impuestos Impuesto Mínimo Alternativo (AMT) Impuestos Calculados por el IRS Cómo Presentar la Declaración 31. Student income tax   Impuesto sobre Ingresos No Derivados del Trabajo de Determinados Hijos¿Que Hay de Nuevo? Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Cómo Saber si se Tiene que Utilizar la Declaración del Padre o de la MadrePadres que no Presentan la Declaración Conjunta Elección de los Padres de Declarar los Intereses y Dividendos del HijoConsecuencias de Incluir los Ingresos del Hijo Cómo Calcular los Ingresos del Hijo Cómo Calcular el Impuesto Adicional Impuesto para Determinados Hijos con Ingresos No Derivados del TrabajoCómo Facilitar Información sobre los Padres (líneas A-C del Formulario 8615) Paso 1. Student income tax Cómo Calcular los Ingresos Netos No Derivados del Trabajo del Hijo (Parte I del Formulario 8615) Paso 2. Student income tax Cómo Calcular el Impuesto Provisional a la Tasa Impositiva de los Padres (Parte II del Formulario 8615) Paso 3. Student income tax Cómo Calcular el Impuesto del Hijo (Parte III del Formulario 8615) 32. Student income tax   Crédito por Gastos del Cuidado de Menores y DependientesRecordatorios Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Requisitos Para Reclamar el CréditoRequisitos de la Persona Calificada Requisito del Ingreso del Trabajo Requisito de Gastos Relacionados con el Trabajo Requisito de la Declaración Conjunta Requisito de Identificación del Proveedor de Cuidados Cómo Calcular el CréditoCómo Calcular el Total de los Gastos Relacionados con el Trabajo Límite del Ingreso del Trabajo Límite de Dinero Cantidad de Crédito Cómo Reclamar el CréditoCrédito tributario no reembolsable. Student income tax Impuestos sobre la Nómina para Empleadores de Empleados Domésticos 33. Student income tax   Crédito para Ancianos o Personas IncapacitadasIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Reúne los Requisitos del Crédito?Persona que Reúne los Requisitos Límites sobre los Ingresos Cómo Reclamar el CréditoEl Crédito Calculado por el IRS El Crédito Calculado por Usted Mismo 34. Student income tax   Crédito Tributario por HijosIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Hijo Calificado Cantidad de CréditoLímites del Crédito Cómo Reclamar el Crédito Crédito Tributario Adicional por Hijos Cómo Completar el Anexo 8812 (Formulario 1040A o Formulario 1040)Parte I Partes II a IV 35. Student income tax   Créditos Tributarios por EstudiosIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Quién Puede Reclamar un Crédito Tributario por Estudios? Gastos de Estudios CalificadosNo se Permite Beneficio Doble Ajustes a los Gastos de Estudios Calificados 36. Student income tax   Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo (EIC) Qué Hay de Nuevo Recordatorios Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Reúne los Requisitos para el Crédito?Si se Hizo una Solicitud Indebida del Crédito en un Año Anterior Parte A. Student income tax Requisitos para TodosRequisito 1. Student income tax Tiene que Tener Ingresos Brutos Ajustados Inferiores a: Requisito 2. Student income tax Tiene que tener un número de Seguro Social válido Requisito 3. Student income tax Su Estado Civil para Efectos de la Declaración no Puede Ser Casado que Presenta la Declaración por Separado Requisito 4. Student income tax Tiene que Ser Ciudadano o Extranjero Residente de los Estados Unidos Durante Todo el Año Requisito 5. Student income tax No Puede Presentar el Formulario 2555 ni el Formulario 2555-EZ Requisito 6. Student income tax Tiene que Tener Ingresos de Inversiones de $3,300 o Menos Requisito 7. Student income tax Tiene que Haber Recibido Ingresos del Trabajo Parte B. Student income tax Requisitos si Tiene un Hijo CalificadoRequisito 8. Student income tax Su Hijo Tiene que Cumplir los Requisitos de Parentesco, Edad, Residencia y de la Declaración Conjunta Requisito 9. Student income tax Para Reclamar el Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo, Sólo una Persona Puede Basarse en el Hijo Calificado de Usted Requisito 10. Student income tax Otro Contribuyente no Puede Reclamarlo a Usted como Hijo Calificado Parte C. Student income tax Requisitos si no Tiene un Hijo CalificadoRequisito 11. Student income tax Tiene que Tener por lo Menos 25 Años pero Menos de 65 Años Requisito 12. Student income tax No Puede Ser el Dependiente de Otra Persona Requisito 13. Student income tax Otro Contribuyente no Puede Reclamarlo a Usted como Hijo Calificado Requisito 14. Student income tax Tiene que Haber Vivido en los Estados Unidos durante más de la Mitad del Año Parte D. Student income tax Cómo Calcular y Reclamar el Crédito por Ingreso del TrabajoRequisito 15. Student income tax Su Ingreso del Trabajo Tiene que Ser Menos de: El IRS Puede Calcularle el Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo Cómo Calcular Usted Mismo el Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo EjemplosEjemplo 1. Student income tax Juan y Julia Martínez (Formulario 1040A) Ejemplo 2. Student income tax Carla Robles (Formulario 1040EZ) 37. Student income tax   Otros CréditosQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Créditos no ReembolsablesCrédito por Adopción Crédito por Vehículo Motorizado Alternativo Crédito por Bienes de Reabastecimiento de Vehículos con Combustible Alternativo Crédito para Titulares de Bonos de Crédito Tributario Crédito por Impuestos Extranjeros Crédito por Intereses Hipotecarios Crédito no Reembolsable del Impuesto Mínimo de Años Anteriores Crédito por Vehículos Enchufables con Motor de Dirección Eléctrica Créditos por Energía de la Propiedad Residencial Crédito por Aportaciones a Cuentas de Ahorro para la Jubilación (Crédito del Ahorrador) Créditos ReembolsablesCrédito por el Impuesto sobre Ganancias de Capital no Distribuidas Crédito Tributario por Cobertura del Seguro Médico Crédito por Retención en Exceso del Impuesto del Seguro Social o del Impuesto de la Jubilación Ferroviaria Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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SB/SE serves taxpayers who file Form 1040, Schedules C, E, F or Form 2106, as well as small businesses with assets under $10 million.

 

A-Z Index for Business
Find it Fast! Know what you're looking for and want to find it fast? Select business topics using our A-Z listing, or by business type such as sole proprietor, corporation, etc. We also provide links to major business subjects, such as Business Expenses, which provides a gateway to all related information on that subject.



 

A-Z Index for Business
Find it Fast! Know what you're looking for and want to find it fast? Select business topics using our A-Z listing, or by business type such as sole proprietor, corporation, etc. We also provide links to major business subjects, such as Business Expenses, which provides a gateway to all related information on that subject.

Affordable Care Act Tax Provisions
Health coverage legislation enacted this year and future changes.

Business Tax Credits
A list of forms for claiming business tax credits, and a complete explanation about when carryovers, credits and deductions cease.

Filing and Payments
The IRS is making it easier than ever for you to conduct business with us electronically.

Filing Past Due Tax Returns
Before you decide not to file your tax return on time or not pay all of your taxes when they are due, consider this.

Información y Recursos para Pequeñas Empresas
Información y recursos para dueños de pequeños negocios. Infórmese sobre sus obligaciones tributarias.

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Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts (FBAR)
If you have a financial interest in or signature authority over a foreign financial account, including a bank account, brokerage account, mutual fund, trust, or other type of foreign financial account, the Bank Secrecy Act may require you to report the account yearly to the Internal Revenue Service by filing Form TD F 90-22.1, Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts (FBAR).

Small Business Taxes: The Virtual Workshop
This workshop helps business owners understand federal tax obligations.

State Government Websites
A collection of links to State government Web sites with useful information for businesses.

Struggling with Paying Your Taxes? Let IRS Help You Get a Fresh Start.
Help from the IRS for individuals and small businesses struggling to meet their tax obligations. On February 24, 2011, the Internal Revenue Service Commissioner announced an initiative to help people get a fresh start with their tax liabilities. The initiative centers on changes to IRS collection practices that will lessen the negative impact on taxpayers.

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 06-Dec-2013

The Student Income Tax

Student income tax Publication 908 - Main Content Table of Contents Bankruptcy Code Tax Compliance RequirementsTax Returns Due for Periods Ending Before the Bankruptcy Filing in Chapter 13 Cases Tax Returns Due After the Bankruptcy Filing Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13 Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11Debtor's Election To End Tax Year – Form 1040 Taxes and the Bankruptcy Estate Bankruptcy Estate – Income, Deductions, and Credits Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due Tax Return Example – Form 1041 Partnerships and CorporationsFiling Requirements Partnerships Corporations Receiverships Determination of TaxPrompt Determination Requests Court Jurisdiction Over Tax MattersBankruptcy Court Tax Court Federal Tax ClaimsUnsecured Tax Claims Discharge of Unpaid Tax Debt CancellationExclusions Reduction of Tax Attributes Partnerships Corporations Tax Attribute Reduction Example How To Get Tax HelpTaxpayer Advocacy Panel (TAP). Student income tax Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs). Student income tax Bankruptcy Code Tax Compliance Requirements Tax Returns Due for Periods Ending Before the Bankruptcy Filing in Chapter 13 Cases The Bankruptcy Code requires chapter 13 debtors to file all required tax returns for tax periods ending within 4 years of the debtor's bankruptcy filing. Student income tax All such federal tax returns must be filed with the IRS before the date first set for the first meeting of creditors. Student income tax The debtor may request the trustee to hold the meeting open for an additional 120 days to enable the debtor to file the returns (or until the day the returns are due under an automatic IRS extension, if later). Student income tax After notice and hearing, the bankruptcy court may extend the period for another 30 days. Student income tax Failure to timely file the returns can prevent confirmation of a chapter 13 plan and result in either dismissal of the chapter 13 case or conversion to a chapter 7 case. Student income tax Note. Student income tax Individual debtors should use their home address when filing Form 1040 with the IRS. Student income tax Returns should not be filed “in care of” the trustee's address. Student income tax Ordering tax transcripts and copies of returns. Student income tax   Trustees may require the debtor to submit copies or transcripts of the debtor's returns as proof of filing. Student income tax The debtor can request free transcripts of the debtor's income tax returns by filing Form 4506-T, Request for Transcript of Tax Return, with the IRS or by placing a request on the IRS's free Automated Delivery Service (ADS), available by calling 1-800-829-1040. Student income tax If requested through ADS, the transcript will be mailed to the debtor's most current address according to the IRS's records. Student income tax Transcripts requested using Form 4506-T may be mailed to any address, including to the attention of the trustee in the debtor's bankruptcy case. Student income tax Transcripts are normally mailed within 10 to 15 days of receipt of the request by the IRS. Student income tax A transcript contains most of the information on the debtor's filed return, but it is not a copy of the return. Student income tax To request a copy of the debtor's filed return, file Form 4506, Request for Copy of Tax Return. Student income tax It may take up to 60 days for the IRS to provide the copies after receipt of the debtor's request, and there is a fee of $57. Student income tax 00 per tax return for copies of the returns. Student income tax Tax Returns Due After the Bankruptcy Filing For debtors filing bankruptcy under all chapters (chapters 7, 11, 12, or 13), the Bankruptcy Code provides that if the debtor does not file a tax return that becomes due after the commencement of the bankruptcy case, or obtain an extension for filing the return before the due date, the taxing authority may request that the bankruptcy court either dismiss the case or convert the case to a case under another chapter of the Bankruptcy Code. Student income tax If the debtor does not file the required return or obtain an extension within 90 days after the request is made, the bankruptcy court must dismiss or convert the case. Student income tax Tax returns and payment of taxes in chapter 11 cases. Student income tax   The Bankruptcy Code provides that a chapter 11 debtor's failure to timely file tax returns and pay taxes owed after the date of the “order for relief” (the bankruptcy petition date in voluntary cases) is cause for dismissal of the chapter 11 case, conversion to a chapter 7 case, or appointment of a chapter 11 trustee. Student income tax Disclosure of debtor's return information to trustee. Student income tax   In bankruptcy cases filed under chapter 7 or 11 by individuals, the debtor's income tax returns for the year the bankruptcy case begins and for earlier years are, upon written request, open to inspection by or disclosure to the trustee. Student income tax If the bankruptcy case was not voluntary, disclosure cannot be made before the bankruptcy court has entered an order for relief, unless the court rules that the disclosure is needed for determining whether relief should be ordered. Student income tax    In bankruptcy cases other than those of individuals filing under chapter 7 or 11, the debtor's income tax returns for the current and prior years are, upon written request, open to inspection by or disclosure to the trustee, but only if the IRS finds that the trustee has a material interest that will be affected by information on the return. Student income tax Material interest is generally defined as a financial or monetary interest. Student income tax Material interest is not limited to the trustee's responsibility to file a return on behalf of the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax   However, the U. Student income tax S. Student income tax Trustee (an officer of the Department of Justice, responsible for maintaining and supervising a panel of private trustees for chapter 7 bankruptcy cases) and the standing chapter 13 trustee (the administrator of chapter 13 cases in a specific geographic region) generally do not have a material interest in the debtor’s return or return information. Student income tax Disclosure of bankruptcy estate's return information to debtor. Student income tax    The bankruptcy estate's tax return(s) are open, upon written request, to inspection by or disclosure to the individual debtor in a chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy. Student income tax Disclosure of the estate's return to the debtor may be necessary to enable the debtor to determine the amount and nature of the tax attributes, if any, that the debtor assumes when the bankruptcy estate terminates. Student income tax Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13 Only individuals may file a chapter 13 bankruptcy. Student income tax Chapter 13 relief is not available to corporations or partnerships. Student income tax The bankruptcy estate is not treated as a separate entity for tax purposes when an individual files a petition under chapter 12 (Adjustment of Debts of a Family Farmer or Fisherman with Regular Annual Income) or 13 (Adjustment of Debts of an Individual with Regular Income) of the Bankruptcy Code. Student income tax In these cases the individual continues to file the same federal income tax returns that were filed prior to the bankruptcy petition, Form 1040, U. Student income tax S. Student income tax Individual Income Tax Return. Student income tax On the debtor's individual tax return, Form 1040, report all income received during the entire year and deduct all allowable expenses. Student income tax Do not include in income the amount from any debt canceled due to the debtor's bankruptcy. Student income tax To the extent the debtor has any losses, credits, or basis in property that were previously reduced as a result of canceled debt, these reductions must be included on the debtor's return. Student income tax See Debt Cancellation, later. Student income tax Interest on trust accounts in chapter 13 cases. Student income tax   In chapter 13 proceedings, do not include interest earned on amounts held by the trustee in trust accounts as income on the debtor's return. Student income tax This interest is not available to either the debtor or creditors, it is available only to the trustee for use by the U. Student income tax S. Student income tax Trustee system. Student income tax The interest is also not taxable to the trustee as income. Student income tax Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11 When an individual debtor files for bankruptcy under chapter 7 or 11 of the Bankruptcy Code, the bankruptcy estate is treated as a new taxable entity, separate from the individual taxpayer. Student income tax The bankruptcy estate in a chapter 7 case is represented by a trustee. Student income tax The trustee is appointed to administer the estate and liquidate any nonexempt assets. Student income tax In chapter 11 cases, the debtor often remains in control of the assets as a “debtor-in-possession” and acts as the bankruptcy trustee. Student income tax However, the bankruptcy court, for cause, may appoint a trustee if such appointment is in the best interests of the creditors and the estate. Student income tax During the chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy, the debtor continues to file an individual tax return on Form 1040. Student income tax The bankruptcy trustee files a Form 1041 for the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax However, when a debtor in a chapter 11 bankruptcy case remains a debtor-in-possession, he or she must file both a Form 1040 individual return and a Form 1041 estate return for the bankruptcy estate (if return filing requirements are met). Student income tax Although a husband and wife may file a joint bankruptcy petition whose bankruptcy estates are jointly administered, the estates are be treated as two separate entities for tax purposes. Student income tax Two separate bankruptcy estate income tax returns must be filed (if each spouse separately meets the filing requirements). Student income tax For information about determining the tax due and paying tax for a chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy estate, see Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due, later. Student income tax Debtor's Election To End Tax Year – Form 1040 Short tax years. Student income tax   An individual debtor in a chapter 7 or 11 case may elect to close the debtor's tax year for the year in which the bankruptcy petition is filed, as of the day before the date on which the bankruptcy case commences. Student income tax If the debtor makes this election, the debtor's tax year is divided into 2 short tax years of less than 12 months each. Student income tax The first tax year ends on the day before the commencement date and the second tax year begins on the commencement date. Student income tax   If the election is made, the debtor's federal income tax liability for the first short tax year becomes an allowable claim against the bankruptcy estate arising before the bankruptcy filing. Student income tax Also, the tax liability for the first short tax year is not subject to discharge under the Bankruptcy Code. Student income tax    If the debtor does not make an election to end the tax year, the commencement of the bankruptcy case does not affect the debtor's tax year. Student income tax Also, no part of the debtor's income tax liability for the year in which the bankruptcy case commences can be collected from the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The debtor cannot make a short tax year election if no assets, other than exempt property, are in the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax Making the Election - Filing Requirements First short tax year. Student income tax   The debtor can elect to end the debtor's tax year by filing a return on Form 1040 for the first short tax year. Student income tax The return must be filed on or before the 15th day of the fourth full month after the end of that first tax year. Student income tax Second short tax year. Student income tax   If the debtor elects to end the tax year on the day before filing the bankruptcy case, the debtor must file the return for the first short tax year in the manner discussed above. Student income tax   If the debtor makes this election, the debtor must also file a separate Form 1040 for the second short tax year by the regular due date. Student income tax To avoid delays in processing the return, write “Second Short Year Return After Section 1398 Election” at the top of the return. Student income tax Example. Student income tax Jane Doe, an individual calendar year taxpayer, filed a bankruptcy petition under chapter 7 or 11 on May 8, 2012. Student income tax If Jane elected to close her tax year at the commencement of her case, Jane's first short year for 2012 runs from January 1 through May 7, 2012. Student income tax Jane's second short year runs from May 8, 2012, through December 31, 2012. Student income tax To have a timely filed election for the first short year, Jane must file Form 1040 (or an extension of time to file) for the period January 1 through May 7 by September 15. Student income tax To avoid delays in processing the return, write “Section 1398 Election” at the top of the return. Student income tax The debtor may also make the election by attaching a statement to Form 4868, Automatic Extension of Time to File an U. Student income tax S. Student income tax Individual Tax Return. Student income tax The statement must state that the debtor elects under IRC section 1398(d)(2) to close the debtor's tax year on the day before filing the bankruptcy case. Student income tax The debtor must file Form 4868 by the due date of the return for the first short tax year. Student income tax The debtor's spouse may also elect to close his or her tax year, see Election by debtor's spouse, below. Student income tax Election by debtor's spouse. Student income tax   If the debtor is married, the debtor's spouse may join in the election to end the tax year. Student income tax If the debtor and spouse make a joint election, the debtor must file a joint return for the first short tax year. Student income tax The debtor must elect by the due date for filing the return for the first short tax year. Student income tax Once the election is made, it cannot be revoked for the first short tax year. Student income tax However, the election does not prevent the debtor and the spouse from filing separate returns for the second short tax year. Student income tax Later bankruptcy of spouse. Student income tax    If the debtor's spouse files for bankruptcy later in the same year, he or she may also choose to end his or her tax year, regardless of whether he or she joined in the election to end the debtor's tax year. Student income tax   As each spouse has a separate bankruptcy, one or both of them may have 3 short tax years in the same calendar year. Student income tax If the debtor's spouse joined the debtor's election or if the debtor had not made the election to end the tax year, the debtor can join in the spouse's election. Student income tax However, if the debtor made an election and the spouse did not join that election, the debtor cannot then join the spouse's later election. Student income tax The debtor and the spouse are precluded from this election because they have different tax years. Student income tax This results because the debtor does not have a tax year ending the day before the spouse's filing for bankruptcy, and the debtor cannot file a joint return for a year ending on the day before the spouse's filing of bankruptcy. Student income tax Example 1. Student income tax Paul and Mary Harris are calendar-year taxpayers. Student income tax Paul's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case begins on March 4. Student income tax If Paul does not make an election, his tax year does not end on March 3. Student income tax If he makes an election, Paul's first tax year is January 1–March 3, and his second tax year begins on March 4. Student income tax Mary could join in Paul's election as long as they file a joint return for the tax year January 1–March 3. Student income tax They must make the election by July 15, the due date for filing the joint return. Student income tax Example 2. Student income tax Fred and Ethel Barnes are calendar-year taxpayers. Student income tax Fred's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case begins on May 6, and Ethel's bankruptcy case begins on November 1 of the same year. Student income tax Ethel could elect to end her tax year on October 31. Student income tax If Fred did not elect to end his tax year on May 5, or if he elected to do so but Ethel had not joined in his election, Ethel would have 2 tax years in the same calendar year if she decided to close her tax year. Student income tax Her first tax year is January 1–October 31, and her second year is November 1–December 31. Student income tax If Fred did not end his tax year as of May 5, he could join in Ethel's election to close her tax year on October 31, but only if they file a joint return for the tax year January 1–October 31. Student income tax If Fred elected to end his tax year on May 5, but Ethel did not join in Fred's election, Fred cannot join in Ethel's election to end her tax year on October 31. Student income tax Fred and Ethel cannot file a joint return for that short tax year because their tax years preceding October 31 were not the same. Student income tax Example 3. Student income tax Jack and Karen Thomas are calendar-year taxpayers. Student income tax Karen's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case began on April 10, and Jack's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case began on October 3 of the same year. Student income tax Karen elected to close her tax year on April 9 and Jack joins in Karen's election. Student income tax Under these facts, Jack would have 3 tax years for the same calendar year if he makes the election relating to his own bankruptcy case. Student income tax The first tax year would be January 1–April 9; the second, April 10–October 2; and the third, October 3–December 31. Student income tax Karen may join in Jack's election if they file a joint return for the second short tax year (April 10–October 2). Student income tax If Karen does join in, she would have the same 3 short tax years as Jack. Student income tax Also, if Karen joins in Jack's election, they may file a joint return for the third tax year (October 3–December 31), but they are not required to do so. Student income tax Annualizing taxable income. Student income tax   If the debtor elects to close the tax year, the debtor must annualize taxable income for each short tax year in the same manner a change in annual accounting period is calculated. Student income tax See Short Tax Year in Publication 538, for information on how to annualize the debtor's income and to figure the tax for the short tax year. Student income tax Dismissal of bankruptcy case. Student income tax   If the bankruptcy court later dismisses an individual chapter 7 or 11 case, the bankruptcy estate is no longer treated as a separate taxable entity. Student income tax It is as if no bankruptcy estate was created for tax purposes. Student income tax In this situation, the debtor must file amended tax returns on Form 1040X, to replace all full or short year individual returns (Form 1040) and bankruptcy estate returns (Form 1041) filed as a result of the bankruptcy case. Student income tax Income, deductions, and credits previously reported by the bankruptcy estate must be reported on the debtor's amended returns. Student income tax Attach a statement to the amended returns explaining why the debtor is filing an amended return. Student income tax Taxes and the Bankruptcy Estate Property of the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax   At the commencement of a bankruptcy case a bankruptcy estate is created. Student income tax Bankruptcy law determines which of the debtor's assets become part of a bankruptcy estate. Student income tax This estate generally includes all of the debtor's legal and equitable interests in property as of the commencement date. Student income tax However, there are exceptions and certain property is exempted or excluded from the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax Note. Student income tax Exempt property and abandoned property are initially part of the bankruptcy estate, but are subsequently removed from the estate. Student income tax Excluded property is never included in the estate. Student income tax Transfer of assets between debtor and bankruptcy estate. Student income tax   The transfer (other than by sale or exchange) of an asset from the debtor to the bankruptcy estate is not treated as a disposition for income tax purposes. Student income tax The transfer does not result in gain or loss, acceleration of income or deductions, or recapture of deductions or credits. Student income tax For example, the transfer of an installment obligation to the estate would not accelerate gain under the rules for reporting installment sales. Student income tax The estate assumes the same basis, holding period, and character of the transferred assets. Student income tax Also, the estate generally accounts for the transferred assets in the same manner as debtor. Student income tax   When the bankruptcy estate is terminated or dissolved, any resulting transfer (other than by sale or exchange) of the estate's assets back to the debtor is also not treated as a disposition for tax purposes. Student income tax The transfer does not result in gain or loss, acceleration of income or deductions, or recapture of deductions or credits to the estate. Student income tax Abandoned property. Student income tax    The abandonment of property by the estate to the debtor is a nontaxable disposition of property. Student income tax If the debtor received abandoned property from the bankruptcy estate, the debtor assumes the same basis in the property that the bankruptcy estate had. Student income tax Separate taxable entity. Student income tax   When an individual files a bankruptcy petition under chapter 7 or 11, the bankruptcy estate is treated as a separate taxable entity from the debtor. Student income tax The court appointed trustee or the debtor-in-possession is responsible for preparing and filing all of the bankruptcy estate's tax returns, including its income tax return on Form 1041, U. Student income tax S. Student income tax Income Tax Return for Estates and Trusts, and paying its taxes. Student income tax The debtor remains responsible for filing his or her own returns on Form 1040, U. Student income tax S. Student income tax Individual Income Tax Return, and paying taxes on income that does not belong to the estate. Student income tax Employer identification number. Student income tax   The trustee or debtor-in-possession must obtain an EIN for a bankruptcy estate. Student income tax The trustee or debtor-in-possession uses this EIN on all tax returns filed for the bankruptcy estate with the IRS, including estimated tax returns. Student income tax See Employer identification number, under Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due, later. Student income tax    The social security number of the individual debtor cannot be used as the EIN for the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax Income, deductions, and credits – Form 1040. Student income tax   In an individual chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy case, do not include the income, deductions, and credits that belong to the bankruptcy estate on the debtor's individual income tax return (Form 1040). Student income tax Also, do not include as income on the debtor's return the amount of any debt canceled by reason of the bankruptcy discharge. Student income tax The bankruptcy estate must reduce certain losses, credits, and the basis in property (to the extent of these items) by the amount of canceled debt. Student income tax See Debt Cancellation, below. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The debtor may not be able to claim certain deductions available to the bankruptcy estate such as administrative expenses. Student income tax Additionally, the bankruptcy exclusion cannot be used to exclude income from a cancelled debt if the discharge of indebtedness was not within the bankruptcy case, even though the debtor was under the bankruptcy court's protection at the time. Student income tax However, other exclusions, such as the insolvency exclusion, may apply. Student income tax Bankruptcy Estate – Income, Deductions, and Credits Bankruptcy Estate Income Income of the estate in individual chapter 7 cases. Student income tax    The gross income of the bankruptcy estate includes gross income of the debtor to which the estate is entitled under the Bankruptcy Code. Student income tax Gross income also includes income generated by the bankruptcy estate from property of the estate after the commencement of the case. Student income tax   Gross income of the bankruptcy estate does not include amounts received or accrued by the debtor before the commencement of the case. Student income tax Additionally, in chapter 7 cases, gross income of the bankruptcy estate does not include any income that the debtor earns after the date of the bankruptcy petition. Student income tax Income of the estate in individual chapter 11 cases. Student income tax    In chapter 11 cases, under IRC section 1398(e)(1), gross income of the bankruptcy estate includes income that the debtor earns for services performed after the bankruptcy petition date. Student income tax Also, earnings from services performed by an individual debtor after the commencement of the chapter 11 case are property of the bankruptcy estate under section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code (11 U. Student income tax S. Student income tax C. Student income tax section 1115). Student income tax Note. Student income tax A debtor-in-possession may be compensated by the estate for managing or operating a trade or business that the debtor conducted before the commencement of the bankruptcy case. Student income tax Such payments should be reported by the debtor as miscellaneous income on his or her individual income tax return (Form 1040). Student income tax Amounts paid by the estate to the debtor-in-possession for managing or operating the trade or business may qualify as administrative expenses of the estate. Student income tax See Administrative expenses, below. Student income tax Conversion or dismissal of chapter 11 cases. Student income tax   If a chapter 11 case is converted to a chapter 13 case, the chapter 13 estate is not a separate taxable entity and earnings from post-conversion services and income from property of the estate realized after the conversion to chapter 13 are taxed to the debtor. Student income tax If the chapter 11 case is converted to a chapter 7 case, 11 U. Student income tax S. Student income tax C. Student income tax section 1115 does not apply after conversion and: Earnings from post-conversion services will be taxed to the debtor, rather than the estate, and The property of the chapter 11 estate will become property of the chapter 7 estate. Student income tax Any income on this property will be taxed to the estate even if the income is realized after the conversion to chapter 7. Student income tax If a chapter 11 case is dismissed, the debtor is treated as if the bankruptcy case had never been filed and as if no bankruptcy estate had been created. Student income tax Bankruptcy Estate Deductions and Credits A bankruptcy estate deducts expenses incurred in a trade, business, or activity, and uses credits in the same way the debtor would have deducted or credited them had he or she continued operations. Student income tax Note. Student income tax Expenses may be disallowed under other provisions of the IRC (such as the disallowance of certain capital expenditures or expenses relating to tax-exempt interest). Student income tax Administrative expenses. Student income tax   Allowable expenses include administrative expenses. Student income tax    Administrative expenses can only be deducted by the estate, never by the debtor. Student income tax   The bankruptcy estate is allowed deductions for bankruptcy administrative expenses and fees, including accounting fees, attorney fees, and court costs. Student income tax These expenses are deductible on Form 1040, Schedule A as miscellaneous itemized deductions not subject to the 2% floor on miscellaneous itemized deductions, because they would not have been incurred if property had not been held by the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax See IRC section 67(e). Student income tax Administrative expenses of the bankruptcy estate attributable to conducting a trade or business for the production of estate rents or royalties are deductible in arriving at adjusted gross income on Form 1040, Schedules C, E, and F. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The bankruptcy estate uses Form 1041 as a transmittal for the tax return prepared using Form 1040 and its schedules. Student income tax See Transmittal for Form 1040 under Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax, later. Student income tax Administrative expense loss. Student income tax   If the administrative expenses of the bankruptcy estate are more than its gross income for a tax year, the excess amount may be carried back 3 years and forward 7 years. Student income tax The amounts can only be carried to a tax year of the estate and never to a debtor's tax year. Student income tax The excess amount to be carried back or forward is treated like a net operating loss (NOL) and must first be carried back to the earliest year possible. Student income tax For a discussion of NOLs, see Publication 536. Student income tax Attribute carryovers. Student income tax   The bankruptcy estate may use its tax attributes the same way that the debtor would have used them. Student income tax These items are determined as of the first day of the debtor's tax year in which the bankruptcy case begins. Student income tax The bankruptcy estate assumes the following tax attributes from the debtor: NOL carryovers, Carryovers of excess charitable contributions, Recovery of tax benefit items, Credit carryovers, Capital loss carryovers, Basis, holding period, and character of assets, Method of accounting, Passive activity loss and credit carryovers, Unused at-risk deductions, and Other tax attributes provided in the regulations. Student income tax   Certain tax attributes of the bankruptcy estate must be reduced by the amount of income that was previously excluded as a result of cancellation of debt during the bankruptcy proceeding. Student income tax See Debt Cancellation, later. Student income tax   When the bankruptcy estate is terminated (for example, when the case ends), the debtor assumes any remaining tax attributes previously taken over by the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax The debtor also generally assumes any of the tax attributes, listed above, that arose during the administration of the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The debtor does not assume the bankruptcy estate's administrative expense losses because they cannot be used by an individual taxpayer filing Form 1040. Student income tax See Administrative expense loss, above. Student income tax Passive and at-risk activities. Student income tax   For bankruptcy cases beginning after November 8, 1992, passive activity carryover losses and credits and unused at-risk deductions are treated as tax attributes passing from the debtor to the bankruptcy estate, which the estate then passes back to the debtor when the bankruptcy estate terminates. Student income tax Additionally, transfers to the debtor (other than by sale or exchange) of interests in passive or at-risk activities are treated as non-taxable exchanges. Student income tax These transfers include the return of exempt property and abandonment of estate property to the debtor. Student income tax Carrybacks from the debtor's activities. Student income tax   The debtor cannot carry back any NOL or credit carryback from a tax year ending after the bankruptcy case has begun to any tax year ending before the case began. Student income tax Carrybacks from the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax   If the bankruptcy estate has an NOL that did not pass to the estate from the debtor under the attribute carryover rules, the estate can carry the loss back not only to its own earlier tax years but also to the debtor's tax years before the year the bankruptcy case began. Student income tax The estate may also carry back excess credits, such as the general business credit, to the pre-bankruptcy tax years. Student income tax Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Allocation of income and credits on information returns and required statement for returns for individual chapter 11 cases. Student income tax    In chapter 11 cases, when an employer issues a Form W-2 reporting all of the debtor's wages, salary, or other compensation for a calendar year, and a portion of the earnings represent post-petition services includible in the estate's gross income, the Form W-2 amounts must be allocated between the estate and the debtor. Student income tax The debtor-in-possession or trustee must allocate the income amount reported in box 1 and the income tax withheld reported in box 2 between the debtor and the estate. Student income tax These allocations must reflect that the debtor's gross earnings from post-petition services and gross income from post-petition property are, generally, includible in the estate's gross income and not the debtor's gross income. Student income tax The debtor and trustee may use a simple percentage method to allocate income and income tax withheld. Student income tax The same method must be used to allocate the income and the withheld tax. Student income tax Example. Student income tax If 20% of the wages reported on Form W-2 for a calendar year were earned after the commencement of the case and are included in the estate's gross income, 20% of the withheld income tax reported on Form W-2 must also be claimed as a credit on the estate's income tax return. Student income tax Likewise, 80% of wages must be reported by the debtor and 80% of the income tax withheld must be claimed as a credit on the debtor's income tax return. Student income tax See IRC section 31(a). Student income tax   If information returns are issued to the debtor for gross income, gross proceeds, or other reportable payments that should have been reported to the bankruptcy estate, the debtor-in-possession or trustee must allocate the improperly reported income in a reasonable manner between the debtor and the estate. Student income tax In general, the allocation must ensure that any income and income tax withheld attributable to the post-petition period is reported on the estate's return, and any income and income tax withheld attributable to the pre-petition period is reported on the debtor's return. Student income tax    IRS Notice 2006-83 requires the debtor to attach a statement to his or her individual income tax return (Form 1040) stating that the return is filed subject to a chapter 11 bankruptcy case. Student income tax The statement must also: Show the allocations of income and income tax withheld, Describe the method used to allocate income and income tax withheld, and List the filing date of the bankruptcy case, the bankruptcy court in which the case is pending, the bankruptcy court case number, and the bankruptcy estate's EIN. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The debtor-in-possession or trustee must attach a similar statement to the bankruptcy estate's income tax return (Form 1041). Student income tax   The model Notice 2006-83 Statement, shown above, may be used by debtors, debtors-in-possession, and trustees to satisfy the reporting requirement. Student income tax Self-employment taxes in individual chapter 11 cases. Student income tax   IRC section 1401 imposes a tax upon the self-employment income, that is, the net earnings from self-employment of an individual. Student income tax Net earnings from self-employment are equal to the gross income derived by an individual from any trade or business carried on by such individual, less deductions attributable to the business. Student income tax   Neither section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code nor IRC section 1398 addresses the application of self-employment tax to the post-petition earnings of the individual debtor. Student income tax Therefore, if the debtor continues to derive gross income from the performance of services as a self-employed individual after the commencement of the bankruptcy case, the debtor must continue to report the debtor's self-employment income on Schedule SE (Form 1040) of the debtor's income tax return. Student income tax This schedule includes self-employment income earned post-petition and the attributable deductions. Student income tax The debtor must pay any self-employment tax imposed by IRC section 1401. Student income tax Employment taxes and employer's obligation to file Form W-2 in individual chapter 11 cases. Student income tax   In chapter 11 cases, post-petition wages earned by a debtor are generally treated as gross income of the estate. Student income tax However, section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code (11 U. Student income tax S. Student income tax C. Student income tax section 1115) does not affect the determination of what are deemed wages for Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax, Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) tax, or Federal Income Tax Withholding purposes. Student income tax See Notice 2006-83. Student income tax   The reporting and withholding obligations of a debtor's employer also do not change. Student income tax An employer should continue to report the wages and tax withholding on a Form W-2 issued under the debtor's name and social security number. Student income tax Notice to persons required to file information returns (other than Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement) in individual chapter 11 cases. Student income tax   Within a reasonable time after the commencement of a chapter 11 bankruptcy case, the trustee or debtor-in-possession should provide notification of the bankruptcy estate's EIN to all persons (or entities) that are required to file information returns for the bankruptcy estate's gross income, gross proceeds, or other types of reportable payments. Student income tax See IRC section 6109(a)(2). Student income tax As these payments are the property of the estate under section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code, the payors should report the gross income, gross proceeds, or other reportable payments on the appropriate information return using the estate's name and EIN as required under the IRC and regulations (see IRC sections 6041 through 6049). Student income tax   The trustee or debtor-in-possession should not, however, provide the EIN to a person (or entity) filing Form W-2 reporting the debtor's wages or other compensation, as section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code does not affect the determination of what constitutes wages for purposes of federal income tax withholding or FICA. Student income tax See Notice 2006-83. Student income tax An employer should continue to report all wage income and tax withholding, both pre-petition and post-petition, on a Form W-2 to the debtor under the debtor's social security number. Student income tax   The debtor in a chapter 11 case is not required to file a new Form W-4 with an employer solely because the debtor filed a chapter 11 case and the post-petition wages are includible in the estate's income and not the debtor's income. Student income tax However, a new Form W-4 may be necessary if the debtor is no longer entitled to claim the same number of allowances previously claimed because certain deductions or credits now belong to the estate. Student income tax See Employment Tax Regulations section 31. Student income tax 3402(f)(2)-1. Student income tax Additionally, the debtor may wish to file a new Form W-4 to increase the income tax withheld from post-petition wages allocated to the estate to avoid having to make estimated tax payments for the estate. Student income tax See IRC section 6654(a). Student income tax Notice required in converted and dismissed cases. Student income tax   When a chapter 11 bankruptcy case is closed, dismissed, or converted to a chapter 12 or 13 case, the bankruptcy estate ends as a separate taxable entity. Student income tax The debtor should, within a reasonable time, send notice of such event to the persons (or entities) previously notified of the bankruptcy case. Student income tax This helps to ensure that gross income, proceeds, and other reportable payments realized after the event are reported to the debtor under the correct TIN rather than to the estate. Student income tax   When a chapter 11 case is converted to a chapter 7 case, the bankruptcy estate will continue to exist as a separate taxable entity. Student income tax Gross income (other than post-conversion income from the debtor's services), gross proceeds, or other reportable payments should continue to be reported to the estate if they are property of the chapter 7 estate. Student income tax However, income from services performed by the debtor after conversion of the case to chapter 7 is not property of the chapter 7 estate. Student income tax After the conversion, the debtor should notify payors required to report the debtor's nonemployee compensation that compensation earned after the conversion should be reported using the debtor's name and TIN, not the estate's name and EIN. Student income tax Employment taxes. Student income tax   The trustee or debtor-in-possession must withhold income and social security taxes and file employment tax returns for any wages paid by the trustee or debtor, including wage claims paid as administrative expenses. Student income tax See Publication 15, Circular E, Employer's Tax Guide, for details on employer tax responsibilities. Student income tax   The trustee also has the duty to prepare and file Forms W-2 for wage claims paid by the trustee, regardless of whether the claims accrued before or during bankruptcy. Student income tax For a further discussion of employment taxes, see Employment Taxes, later. Student income tax Notice 2006-83 Statement Pending Bankruptcy Case The taxpayer, , filed a bankruptcy petition under chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the bankruptcy court for the District of . Student income tax The bankruptcy court case number is . Student income tax Gross income, and withheld federal income tax, reported on Form W-2, Forms 1099, Schedule K-1, and other information returns received under the taxpayer's name and social security number (or other taxpayer identification number) are allocated between the taxpayer's TIN and the bankruptcy estate's EIN as follows, using [describe allocation method]:. Student income tax   Year Taxpayer   Estate 1. Student income tax Form W-2, Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax shown on Form W-2 $   $   2. Student income tax Form 1099-INT Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax (if any) shown on Form 1099-INT $   $   3. Student income tax Form 1099-DIV Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax (if any) shown on Form 1099-DIV $   $   4. Student income tax Form 1099-MISC Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax (if any) shown on Form 1099-MISC $   $   Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due Filing Requirements Filing threshold. Student income tax   If the bankruptcy estate has gross income that meets or exceeds the minimum amount required for filing, the trustee or debtor-in-possession must file an income tax return on Form 1041. Student income tax This amount is equal to the sum of the personal exemption amount plus the basic standard deduction for a married individual filing separately. Student income tax   For 2012, the threshold filing amount for a bankruptcy estate is $9,750 (the sum of the $3,800 personal exemption plus the $5,950 standard deduction for married individuals filing separately). Student income tax   These amounts are generally adjusted annually. Student income tax See the present year Form 1041 Instructions at www. Student income tax irs. Student income tax gov/form1041 for the current dollar amounts. Student income tax Accounting period. Student income tax   A bankruptcy estate may have a fiscal year. Student income tax However, this period cannot be longer than 12 months. Student income tax Change of accounting period. Student income tax   The bankruptcy estate may change its accounting period (tax year) once without IRS approval. Student income tax This rule allows the bankruptcy trustee to close the estate's tax year early, before the expected termination of the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax The trustee can then file a return for the first short tax year to get a quick determination of the estate's tax liability. Student income tax Employer identification number. Student income tax   The trustee or debtor-in-possession must obtain an EIN for a bankruptcy estate. Student income tax The trustee or debtor-in-possession uses this EIN on all tax returns filed for the bankruptcy estate with the IRS, including estimated tax returns. Student income tax    The social security number of the individual debtor cannot be used as the EIN for the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax   Obtain an EIN for a bankruptcy estate by applying: Online by clicking on the EIN link at www. Student income tax irs. Student income tax gov/businesses/small. Student income tax The EIN is issued immediately once the application information is validated. Student income tax By telephone at 1-800-829-4933 from 7:00 a. Student income tax m. Student income tax to 7:00 p. Student income tax m. Student income tax in the trustee's or debtor-in-possession's local time zone. Student income tax Assistance provided to callers from Alaska and Hawaii will be based on the hours of operation in the Pacific time zone, or By mailing or faxing Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number. Student income tax   If the trustee or debtor-in-possession has not received the bankruptcy estate's EIN by the time the return is due, write “Applied for” and the date you applied in the space for the EIN. Student income tax For more details, see Pub. Student income tax 583, Starting a Business and Keeping Records. Student income tax   Trustees representing ten or more bankruptcy estates (other than estates that will be filing employment or excise tax returns) may request a series or block of EINs. Student income tax Figuring tax due. Student income tax   The bankruptcy estate figures its taxable income the same way an individual figures taxable income. Student income tax However, the estate uses the tax rates for a married individual filing separately to calculate the tax on its taxable income. Student income tax The estate is entitled to one personal exemption and may either itemize deductions or take the basic standard deduction for a married individual filing a separate return. Student income tax The estate cannot take the higher standard deduction allowed for married persons filing separately who are 65 or older or blind. Student income tax Tax rate schedule. Student income tax The tax on income for bankruptcy estates is calculated using the tax rate schedule for Married Individuals Filing Separately not the Estates and Trusts tax rate schedule. Student income tax When to file. Student income tax   Calendar year bankruptcy estates must file Form 1041 by April 15th. Student income tax Fiscal year bankruptcy estates must file on or before the 15th day of the 4th month following the close of its tax year. Student income tax For example, an estate that has a tax year that ends on June 30th must file Form 1041 by October 15th of the tax year. Student income tax If the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, file on the next business day. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The bankruptcy estate is allowed an automatic 6-month extension of time to file the bankruptcy estate tax return upon filing the required application, Form 7004, Application for Automatic Extension of Time To File Certain Business Income Tax, Information, and Other Returns. Student income tax Transmittal for Form 1040. Student income tax   Form 1041 is used as a transmittal for Form 1040. Student income tax If a return is required, the trustee or debtor-in-possession must complete the identification area at the top of Form 1041 and indicate the chapter under which the bankruptcy estate filed, either chapter 7 or chapter 11. Student income tax   Prepare the bankruptcy estate's return by completing Form 1040. Student income tax In the top margin of Form 1040, write “Attachment to Form 1041 —DO NOT DETACH. Student income tax ” Then, attach Form 1040 to the Form 1041 transmittal. Student income tax Enter the tax and payment amounts on lines 23 through 29 of Form 1041, then sign and date the return. Student income tax An example of a bankruptcy estate's tax return is prepared below. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The filing of the bankruptcy estate's tax return does not relieve a debtor from the requirement to file his or her individual tax return on Form 1040. Student income tax Payment of Tax Due Payment methods. Student income tax   Payment of tax due may be made by check or money order or by credit or debit card. Student income tax For information on how to make payments electronically by credit or debit card, go to irs. Student income tax gov/e-pay. Student income tax      Payments may also be made electronically using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS), a free tax payment system that allows you to make payments online or by phone. Student income tax To enroll in EFTPS, go to eftps. Student income tax gov or call 1-800-555-4477. Student income tax For more information see Publication 966, Electronic Federal Tax Payment System: A Guide to Getting Started. Student income tax Payment voucher – Form 1041-V. Student income tax   Form 1041-V accompanies payments made by check or money order for Form 1041. Student income tax The voucher includes information about the bankruptcy estate, including the name of the bankruptcy estate, trustee, EIN, and amount due. Student income tax Using Form 1041-V assists the IRS in processing the payment more accurately and efficiently. Student income tax We recommend the use of Form 1041-V; however, there is no penalty if the voucher is not used. Student income tax Estimated tax – Form 1041-ES. Student income tax   In most cases, the trustee or debtor-in-possession must pay any required estimated tax due for the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax See the Form 1041-ES Instructions for information on the minimum threshold amount required for filing Form 1041-ES, paying the estimated tax, and exceptions to filing. Student income tax Employment Taxes The trustee or debtor-in-possession must withhold income and social security taxes and file employment tax returns for any wages paid by the trustee or debtor, including wage claims paid as administrative expenses. Student income tax Until these employment taxes are deposited as required by the IRC, they should be set aside in a separate bank account to ensure that funds are available to satisfy the liability. Student income tax If the employment taxes are not paid as required, the trustee may be held personally liable for payment of the taxes. Student income tax   See Publication 15, (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide, for details on employer tax responsibilities. Student income tax Also see IRS Notice 931, Deposit Requirements for Employment Taxes, for details on the deposit rules, including the requirement that federal employment tax deposits be made by electronic funds transfer. Student income tax The trustee also has a duty to prepare and file Forms W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, for wage claims paid by the trustee, regardless of whether the claims accrued before or during bankruptcy. Student income tax If the debtor fails to prepare and file Forms W-2 for wages paid before bankruptcy, the trustee should instruct the employees to file a Form 4852, Substitute for Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, or Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. Student income tax , with their individual income tax returns. Student income tax Tax Return Example – Form 1041 This publication is not revised annually. Student income tax Future changes to the forms and their instructions may not be reflected in this example. Student income tax Note. Student income tax The following return was prepared for tax year 2011. Student income tax In 2011, the threshold filing amount for a bankruptcy estate was $9,500 (the sum of the $3,700 personal exemption plus the $5,800 standard deduction for married individuals filing separately). Student income tax Facts and circumstances. Student income tax   On December 15, 2010, Thomas Smith filed a bankruptcy petition under chapter 7. Student income tax Joan Black was appointed trustee to administer the bankruptcy estate and to distribute the assets. Student income tax   The estate received the following assets from Mr. Student income tax Smith: A $100,000 certificate of deposit, Commercial rental real estate with a fair market value (FMV) of $280,000, and His personal residence with an FMV of $200,000. Student income tax   Also, the estate received a $251,500 capital loss carryover. Student income tax   Mr. Student income tax Smith's bankruptcy case was closed on December 31, 2011. Student income tax During 2011, Mr. Student income tax Smith was relieved of $70,000 of debt by the bankruptcy court. Student income tax The estate chose a calendar year as its tax year. Student income tax Joan, the trustee, reviews the estate's transactions and reports the taxable events on the estate's final return. Student income tax Schedule B (Form 1040). Student income tax    The certificate of deposit earned $5,500 of interest during 2011. Student income tax Joan reports this interest on Schedule B. Student income tax She completes this schedule and enters the result on Form 1040. Student income tax Form 4562. Student income tax   Joan enters the depreciation allowed on Form 4562. Student income tax She completes the form and enters the result on Schedule E. Student income tax Schedule E (Form 1040). Student income tax   The commercial real estate was rented through the date of sale. Student income tax Joan reports the income and expenses on Schedule E. Student income tax She enters the net income on Form 1040. Student income tax Form 4797. Student income tax   The commercial real estate was sold on July 1, 2011, for $280,000. Student income tax The property was purchased in 2001 at a cost of $250,000. Student income tax The total depreciation allowable as of the date of sale was $120,000. Student income tax Additionally, $25,000 of selling expenses were incurred. Student income tax Joan reports the gain or loss from the sale on Form 4797. Student income tax She completes the form and enters the gain on Schedule D (Form 1040). Student income tax   Mr. Student income tax Smith's former residence was sold on September 30, 2011. Student income tax The sale price was $200,000, the selling expenses were $20,000, and his adjusted basis was $130,000. Student income tax This sale is excluded from gross income under IRC section 121. Student income tax Note. Student income tax Gains from the sale of personal residences are excluded from gross income up to $250,000 under IRC section 121 ($500,000 for married couples filing a joint return). Student income tax Bankruptcy estates succeed to this exclusion at the commencement of the case. Student income tax See Regulation section 1. Student income tax 1398-3. Student income tax Schedule D (Form 1040). Student income tax   Joan completes Schedule D, taking into account the $250,000 capital loss carryover from 2010 ($251,500 transferred to the estate minus $1,500 used on the estate's 2010 return). Student income tax She enters the results on Form 1040. Student income tax Form 1040, page 1. Student income tax   Joan completes page 1 of the Form 1040 and enters the adjusted gross income on the first line of Form 1040, page 2. Student income tax Schedule A (Form 1040). Student income tax   During 2011, the estate paid mortgage interest and real property tax on Mr. Student income tax Smith's former residence. Student income tax It also paid income tax to the state. Student income tax Joan enters the mortgage interest, real estate tax, and income tax on Schedule A. Student income tax Also, she reports the bankruptcy estate's administrative expenses as a miscellaneous deduction not subject to the 2% floor on miscellaneous itemized deductions. Student income tax She completes the Schedule A and enters the result on page 2 of Form 1040. Student income tax Form 1040, page 2. Student income tax   Joan determines the estate's taxable income and figures its tax using the tax rate schedule for married filing separately. Student income tax She then enters the estate's estimated tax payments and figures the amount the estate still owes. Student income tax Form 982. Student income tax   Joan completes the Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the capital loss carryover. Student income tax Because $70,000 of debt was canceled, Joan must reduce the tax attributes of the estate by the amount of the canceled debt. Student income tax See Debt Cancellation, later. Student income tax After the bankruptcy case ends, Mr. Student income tax Smith will assume the estate's tax attributes. Student income tax Mr. Student income tax Smith will assume a capital loss carryover of $53,500 ($123,500 carryover minus the $70,000 attribute reduction) for use in preparation of his individual tax return (Form 1040). Student income tax Note. Student income tax If the bankruptcy estate had continued, the capital loss carryover would be available to the bankruptcy estate for the 2012 tax year. Student income tax Form 1041. Student income tax   Joan enters the total tax, estimated tax payments, and tax due from Form 1040 on Form 1041. Student income tax She completes the identification area at the top of Form 1041, then signs and dates the return as the trustee on behalf of the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Form 1040 - page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Form 1040 - page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Schedule A This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Schedule B This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Schedule D This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Schedule E This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Form 4797 - page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Form 2119 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Form 4797 - page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Form 4562 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Capital Loss Carryover Worksheet This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Student income tax Please click the link to view the image. Student income tax Sample Form 982 Capital Loss Carryover Worksheet—Lines 6 and 14 Use this worksheet to figure your capital loss carryovers from 2010 to 2011 if your 2010 Schedule D, line 21, is a loss and (a) that loss is a smaller loss than the loss on your 2010 Schedule D, line 16, or (b) the amount on your 2010 Form 1040, line 41 (or your 2010 Form 1040NR, line 38, if applicable) is less than zero. Student income tax Otherwise, you do not have any carryovers. Student income tax 1. Student income tax Enter the amount from your 2010 Form 1040, line 41, or Form 1040NR, line 38. Student income tax If a loss, enclose the amount in parentheses 1. Student income tax 19,880   2. Student income tax Enter the loss from your 2010 Schedule D, line 21, as a positive amount 2. Student income tax 1,500   3. Student income tax Combine lines 1 and 2. Student income tax If zero or less, enter -0- 3. Student income tax 21,380   4. Student income tax Enter the smaller of line 2 or line 3 4. Student income tax 1,500     If line 7 of your 2010 Schedule D is a loss, go to line 5; otherwise, enter -0- on line 5 and go to line 9. Student income tax       5. Student income tax Enter the loss from your 2010 Schedule D, line 7, as a positive amount 5. Student income tax 0   6. Student income tax Enter any gain from your 2010 Schedule D, line 15. Student income tax If a loss, enter -0- 6. Student income tax         7. Student income tax Add lines 4 and 6 7. Student income tax 1,500   8. Student income tax Short-term capital loss carryover for 2011. Student income tax Subtract line 7 from line 5. Student income tax If zero or less, enter -0-. Student income tax If more than zero, also enter this amount on Schedule D, line 6 8. Student income tax 0     If line 15 of your 2010 Schedule D is a loss, go to line 9; otherwise, skip lines 9 through 13. Student income tax       9. Student income tax Enter the loss from your 2010 Schedule D, line 15, as a positive amount 9. Student income tax 251,500   10. Student income tax Enter any gain from your 2010 Schedule D, line 7. Student income tax If a loss, enter -0- 10. Student income tax 0       11. Student income tax Subtract line 5 from line 4. Student income tax If zero or less, enter -0- 11. Student income tax 1,500       12. Student income tax Add lines 10 and 11 12. Student income tax 1,500   13. Student income tax Long-term capital loss carryover for 2011. Student income tax Subtract line 12 from line 9. Student income tax If zero or less, enter -0-. Student income tax If more than zero, also enter this amount on Schedule D, line 14 13. Student income tax 250,000                       Partnerships and Corporations Filing Requirements A separate taxable estate is not created when a partnership or corporation files a bankruptcy petition and their tax return filing requirements do not change. Student income tax The debtor-in-possession, court appointed trustee, assignee, or receiver must file the entity's income tax returns on Form 1065, Form 1120 or, Form 1120S. Student income tax In cases where a trustee or receiver is not appointed, the debtor-in-possession continues business operations and remains in possession of the business' property during the bankruptcy proceeding. Student income tax The debtor-in-possession, rather than the general partner of a partnership or corporate officer of a corporation, assumes the fiduciary responsibility to file the business' tax returns. Student income tax Partnerships The filing requirements for a partnership in a bankruptcy proceeding do not change. Student income tax However, the responsibility to file the required returns becomes that of the court appointed trustee, receiver, or debtor-in-possession. Student income tax A partnership's debt that is canceled as a result of the bankruptcy proceeding is not included in the partnership's income. Student income tax However, It may or may not be included in the individual partners' income. Student income tax See Partnerships, below under Debt Cancellation. Student income tax Corporations The filing requirements for a corporation in a bankruptcy proceeding also do not change. Student income tax A bankruptcy trustee, receiver, or debtor-in-possession, having possession of or holding title to substantially all of the property or business operations of the debtor corporation, must file the debtor's corporate income tax return for the tax year. Student income tax The following discussion only highlights bankruptcy tax rules applying to corporations. Student income tax The complex details of corporate bankruptcy reorganizations are beyond the scope of this publication. Student income tax Therefore, you may wish to seek the help of a professional tax advisor. Student income tax See Corporations under Debt Cancellation for information about a corporation's debt canceled in a bankruptcy proceeding. Student income tax Tax-Free Reorganizations The tax-free reorganization provisions of the Internal Revenue Code allow a corporation to transfer all or part of its assets to another corporation in a bankruptcy under title 11 of the United States Code or in a similar case. Student income tax However, under the reorganization plan, the stock or securities of the corporation to which the assets are transferred must be distributed in a transaction that qualifies under IRC section 354, 355, or 356. Student income tax A “similar case” includes a receivership, foreclosure, or other similar proceeding in a federal or state court. Student income tax In these cases, any party to the reorganization must be under the jurisdiction of the court and the transfer of assets under the plan of reorganization must be approved by the court. Student income tax In a receivership, foreclosure, or similar proceeding before a federal or state agency involving certain financial institutions, the agency is treated as a court. Student income tax Generally, IRC section 354 provides that no gain or loss is recognized if a corporation's stock is exchanged solely for stock or securities in a corporation that is a party to the reorganization under a qualifying reorganization plan. Student income tax In this case, shareholders in the bankrupt corporation would recognize no gain or loss if they exchange their stock solely for stock or securities of the corporation acquiring the bankrupt corporation's assets. Student income tax IRC section 355 generally provides that no gain or loss is recognized by a shareholder if a corporation distributes solely stock or securities of another corporation that the distributing corporation controls immediately before the distribution. Student income tax IRC section 356 allows tax-free exchanges in situations that would qualify under IRC section 354 or 355, except that other property or money, in addition to the permitted stock or securities, is received by the shareholder. Student income tax In this situation, gain is recognized by the shareholder, but only to the extent of the money and the FMV of the other property received. Student income tax No loss is recognized in this situation. Student income tax Exemption from tax return filing A trustee, receiver, or assignee of a corporation in bankruptcy, receivership, or in the process of dissolving, may apply to the IRS for relief from filing federal income tax returns for the corporation. Student income tax To qualify, the corporation must have ceased business operations and have no assets nor income for the tax year. Student income tax The exemption request must be submitted to the local IRS Insolvency Office handling the case. Student income tax The request to the IRS must include the name, address, and EIN of the corporation and a statement of the facts (with any supporting documents) showing why the debtor needs relief from the filing requirements. Student income tax The request must also include the following statement: “I hereby request relief from filing federal income tax returns for tax years ending _____ for the above-named corporation and declare under penalties of perjury that to the best of my knowledge and belief the information contained herein is correct. Student income tax ” The statement must be signed by the trustee, receiver or assignee. Student income tax The statement must also include notice of appointment to act on behalf of the corporation (this is not required for bankruptcy trustees or debtors-in-possession). Student income tax The IRS will act on your request within 90 days. Student income tax Disclosure of return information to trustee. Student income tax   Upon written request, current and earlier returns of the debtor are open to inspection by or disclosure to the trustee or receiver. Student income tax However, in bankruptcy cases other than those of individuals filing under chapter 7 or 11, such as a corporate bankruptcy, the IRS must find that the trustee has a material interest that will be affected by information on the return. Student income tax Material interest is generally defined as a financial or monetary interest. Student income tax Material interest is not limited to the trustee's responsibility to file a return on behalf of the bankruptcy estate. Student income tax Receiverships Court-established receiverships sometimes arise in connection with bankruptcies. Student income tax Certain court-established receiverships should be treated as qualified settlement funds ("QSFs") for purposes of IRC section 468B and the underlying Treasury Regulations. Student income tax QSFs are required to file an annual income tax return, Form 1120-SF, U. Student income tax S. Student income tax Income Tax Return for Settlement Funds. Student income tax More information about QSFs may be found in Treasury Regulation sections 1. Student income tax 468B-1 through -5. Student income tax Determination of Tax The determination of the proper amount of tax due for a tax year begins with the bankruptcy estate's filing of Form 1041, and the individual debtor's filing of Form 1040, or for bankrupt entities filing Forms 1065, 1120, or 1120S. Student income tax After a return is filed, the IRS will either accept the return as filed or select the return for examination. Student income tax Under examination the IRS may redetermine the tax liability shown on the return. Student income tax If the bankruptcy estate or debtor disagrees with the redetermined tax due, the tax as redetermined by the IRS may be contested in the bankruptcy court, or Tax Court, as applicable. Student income tax See Court Jurisdiction over Tax Matters, later. Student income tax Prompt Determination Requests Pursuant to Rev. Student income tax Proc. Student income tax 2006-24, 2006-22 I. Student income tax R. Student income tax B. Student income tax 943, www. Student income tax irs. Student income tax gov/irb/2006-22_IRB/ar12, as modified by Announcement 2011-77, www. Student income tax irs. Student income tax gov/irb/2011-51_IRB/ar13, the bankruptcy trustee may request a determination of any unpaid tax liability incurred by the bankruptcy estate during the administration of the case, by filing a tax return and a request for such determination with the IRS. Student income tax Unless the return is fraudulent or contains a material misrepresentation, the estate, trustee, debtor, and any successor to the debtor are discharged from liability upon payment of the tax: As determined by the IRS, As determined by the bankruptcy court, after completion of the IRS examination, or As shown on the return, if the IRS does not: Notify the trustee within 60 days after the request for determination that the return has been selected for examination, or Complete the examination and notify the trustee of any tax due within 180 days after the request (or any additional time permitted by the bankruptcy court). Student income tax Making the request for determination. Student income tax   As detailed in Rev. Student income tax Proc. Student income tax 2006-24, as modified by Announcement 2011-77, to request a prompt determination of any unpaid tax liability of the estate, the trustee must file a signed written request, in duplicate, with the Internal Revenue Service, Centralized Insolvency Operation, P. Student income tax O. Student income tax Box 7346, Philadelphia, PA 19101–7346 (marked “Request for Prompt Determination”). Student income tax   The request must be submitted in duplicate and must be executed under penalties of perjury. Student income tax In addition, the trustee must submit along with the request an exact copy of the return(s) filed by the trustee with the IRS for each completed tax period. Student income tax The request must contain the following information: A statement indicating that it is a Request for Prompt Determination of Tax Liability, specifying the type of return and tax period for each return being filed. Student income tax The name and location of the office where the return was filed. Student income tax The name of the debtor. Student income tax Debtor's social security number, TIN, or EIN. Student income tax Type of bankruptcy estate. Student income tax Bankruptcy case number. Student income tax Court where the bankruptcy case is pending. Student income tax   The copy of the return(s) submitted with the request must be an exact copy of a valid return. Student income tax A request for prompt determination will be considered incomplete and returned to the trustee if it is filed with a copy of a document that does not qualify as a valid return. Student income tax    To qualify as valid, a return must meet certain criteria, including a signature under penalties of perjury. Student income tax A document filed by the trustee with the jurat stricken, deleted, or modified will not qualify as a valid return. Student income tax Examination of return. Student income tax   The IRS will notify the trustee within 60 days from receipt of the request whether the return filed by the trustee has been selected for examination or has been accepted as filed. Student income tax If the return is selected for examination, it will be examined as soon as possible. Student income tax The IRS will notify the trustee of any tax due within 180 days from receipt of the application or within any additional time permitted by the bankruptcy court. Student income tax   If a prompt determination request is incomplete, all the documents received by the IRS will be returned to the trustee by the assigned Field Insolvency Office with an explanation identifying the missing item(s) and instructions to re-file the request once corrected. Student income tax   Once corrected, the request must be filed with the IRS at the Field Insolvency Office address specified in the correspondence accompanying the returned incomplete request. Student income tax   In the case of an incomplete request submitted with a copy of an invalid return document, the trustee must file a valid original return with the appropriate IRS office and submit a copy of that return with the corrected request when the request is re-filed. Student income tax Note. Student income tax An incomplete request includes those submitted with a copy of a return form, the original of which does not qualify as a valid return. Student income tax   The 60-day period to notify the trustee whether the return is accepted as filed or has been selected for examination does not begin to run until a complete request package is recei