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State Income Tax Rate

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State Income Tax Rate

State income tax rate Publication 938 - Main Content Table of Contents Who May Request Information How To Request Information Who May Request Information The persons listed below, or their agent or representative, should follow the procedures in this publication to request tax information from the representative of the REMIC or the issuer of the CDO. State income tax rate Any broker who holds a REMIC regular interest or CDO for itself or as a nominee for an actual holder. State income tax rate A middleman who holds a REMIC regular interest or CDO as a nominee for an actual holder and who is required to file an information return with respect to the regular interest or CDO. State income tax rate The following persons, if they hold their REMIC regular interest or CDO directly and not through a nominee. State income tax rate A corporation. State income tax rate A fiscal year taxpayer. State income tax rate A dealer in securities or commodities required to register as such under the laws of the United States or a state. State income tax rate A real estate investment trust (as defined in section 856). State income tax rate An entity registered at all times during the tax year under the Investment Company Act of 1940. State income tax rate A common trust fund (as defined in section 584(a)). State income tax rate A financial institution such as a mutual savings bank, savings and loan association, building and loan association, cooperative bank, homestead association, credit union, industrial loan association or bank, or other similar organization. State income tax rate Any trust that is exempt from tax under section 664(c) (a charitable remainder annuity trust or a charitable remainder unitrust). State income tax rate A REMIC. State income tax rate Note. State income tax rate A person listed in (3) above who holds an interest through a nominee (instead of directly from the REMIC or the issuer of the CDO) should request the information from the nominee instead of from the REMIC or the issuer of the CDO. State income tax rate The request should be made of the nominee in the same manner as specified below for requesting information from the representative. State income tax rate How To Request Information Use the directory to find the representative of the REMIC or issuer of the CDO. State income tax rate You can request information from the representative or issuer by telephone or mail. State income tax rate If only an address is listed in the directory, you must request the information in writing. State income tax rate Your request must specify the calendar quarters and the classes of REMIC regular interests or CDOs for which you need the information. State income tax rate The representative or issuer must provide the information to you by the later of: The 30th day after the close of the calendar quarter for which you request the information, or The 14th day after the receipt of your request. State income tax rate The representative or issuer can provide the information to you by telephone, by written statement sent by first class mail, by printing the information in a publication that is generally read by and available to persons who may request the information (for example, a webpage), or by any other method agreed to by both parties. State income tax rate If the information is published, the representative or issuer must notify you by telephone or in writing of the publication in which the information will appear, the date of its appearance, and, if possible, the page number. State income tax rate Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The State Income Tax Rate

State income tax rate Publication 536 - Main Content Table of Contents NOL Steps How To Figure an NOLNonbusiness deductions (line 6). State income tax rate Nonbusiness income (line 7). State income tax rate Nonbusiness capital losses. State income tax rate Business capital losses. State income tax rate Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A When To Use an NOLExceptions to 2-Year Carryback Rule Waiving the Carryback Period How To Carry an NOL Back or Forward How To Claim an NOL DeductionDeducting a Carryback Deducting a Carryforward Change in Marital Status Change in Filing Status Illustrated Form 1045 How To Figure an NOL CarryoverIllustrated Form 1045, Schedule B NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014Worksheet Instructions How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics NOL Steps Follow Steps 1 through 5 to figure and use your NOL. State income tax rate Step 1. State income tax rate   Complete your tax return for the year. State income tax rate You may have an NOL if a negative figure appears on the line below: Individuals — Form 1040, line 41, or Form 1040NR, line 39. State income tax rate Estates and trusts — Form 1041, line 22. State income tax rate   If the amount on that line is not negative, stop here — you do not have an NOL. State income tax rate Step 2. State income tax rate   Determine whether you have an NOL and its amount. State income tax rate See How To Figure an NOL , later. State income tax rate If you do not have an NOL, stop here. State income tax rate Step 3. State income tax rate   Decide whether to carry the NOL back to a past year or to waive the carryback period and instead carry the NOL forward to a future year. State income tax rate See When To Use an NOL , later. State income tax rate Step 4. State income tax rate   Deduct the NOL in the carryback or carryforward year. State income tax rate See How To Claim an NOL Deduction , later. State income tax rate If your NOL deduction is equal to or less than your taxable income without the deduction, stop here — you have used up your NOL. State income tax rate Step 5. State income tax rate   Determine the amount of your unused NOL. State income tax rate See How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later. State income tax rate Carry over the unused NOL to the next carryback or carryforward year and begin again at Step 4. State income tax rate Note. State income tax rate   If your NOL deduction includes more than one NOL amount, apply Step 5 separately to each NOL amount, starting with the amount from the earliest year. State income tax rate How To Figure an NOL If your deductions for the year are more than your income for the year, you may have an NOL. State income tax rate There are rules that limit what you can deduct when figuring an NOL. State income tax rate In general, the following items are not allowed when figuring an NOL. State income tax rate Any deduction for personal exemptions. State income tax rate Capital losses in excess of capital gains. State income tax rate The section 1202 exclusion of the gain from the sale or exchange of qualified small business stock. State income tax rate Nonbusiness deductions in excess of nonbusiness income. State income tax rate The net operating loss deduction. State income tax rate The domestic production activities deduction. State income tax rate Form 1045, Schedule A. State income tax rate   Use Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure an NOL. State income tax rate The following discussion explains Schedule A and includes an illustrated example. State income tax rate   First, complete Form 1045, Schedule A, line 1, using amounts from your return. State income tax rate If line 1 is a negative amount, you may have an NOL. State income tax rate   Next, complete the rest of Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure your NOL. State income tax rate Nonbusiness deductions (line 6). State income tax rate   Enter on line 6 deductions that are not connected to your trade or business or your employment. State income tax rate Examples of deductions not related to your trade or business are: Alimony paid, Deductions for contributions to an IRA or a self-employed retirement plan, Health savings account deduction, Archer medical savings account deduction, Most itemized deductions (except for casualty and theft losses, state income tax on trade and business income, and any employee business expenses), and The standard deduction. State income tax rate   Do not include on line 6 the deduction for personal exemptions for you, your spouse, or your dependents. State income tax rate   Do not enter business deductions on line 6. State income tax rate These are deductions that are connected to your trade or business. State income tax rate They include the following. State income tax rate State income tax on income attributable to trade or business (including wages, salary, and unemployment compensation). State income tax rate Moving expenses. State income tax rate Educator expenses. State income tax rate The deduction for the deductible part of self-employed health insurance. State income tax rate Domestic production activities deduction. State income tax rate Rental losses. State income tax rate Loss on the sale or exchange of business real estate or depreciable property. State income tax rate Your share of a business loss from a partnership or an S corporation. State income tax rate Ordinary loss on the sale or exchange of stock in a small business corporation or a small business investment company. State income tax rate If you itemize your deductions, casualty and theft losses (even if they involve nonbusiness property) and employee business expenses (such as union dues, uniforms, tools, education expenses, and travel and transportation expenses). State income tax rate Loss on the sale of accounts receivable (if you use an accrual method of accounting). State income tax rate Interest and litigation expenses on state and federal income taxes related to your business. State income tax rate Unrecovered investment in a pension or annuity claimed on a decedent's final return. State income tax rate Payment by a federal employee to buy back sick leave used in an earlier year. State income tax rate Nonbusiness income (line 7). State income tax rate   Enter on line 7 only income that is not related to your trade or business or your employment. State income tax rate For example, enter your annuity income, dividends, and interest on investments. State income tax rate Also, include your share of nonbusiness income from partnerships and S corporations. State income tax rate   Do not include on line 7 the income you receive from your trade or business or your employment. State income tax rate This includes salaries and wages, self-employment income, unemployment compensation included in your gross income, and your share of business income from partnerships and S corporations. State income tax rate Also, do not include rental income or ordinary gain from the sale or other disposition of business real estate or depreciable business property. State income tax rate Adjustment for section 1202 exclusion (line 17). State income tax rate   Enter on line 17 any gain you excluded under section 1202 on the sale or exchange of qualified small business stock. State income tax rate Adjustments for capital losses (lines 19–22). State income tax rate   The amount deductible for capital losses is limited based on whether the losses are business capital losses or nonbusiness capital losses. State income tax rate Nonbusiness capital losses. State income tax rate   You can deduct your nonbusiness capital losses (line 2) only up to the amount of your nonbusiness capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion (line 3). State income tax rate If your nonbusiness capital losses are more than your nonbusiness capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion, you cannot deduct the excess. State income tax rate Business capital losses. State income tax rate   You can deduct your business capital losses (line 11) only up to the total of: Your nonbusiness capital gains that are more than the total of your nonbusiness capital losses and excess nonbusiness deductions (line 10), and Your total business capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion (line 12). State income tax rate Domestic production activities deduction (line 23). State income tax rate   You cannot take the domestic production activities deduction when figuring your NOL. State income tax rate Enter on line 23 any domestic production activities deduction claimed on your return. State income tax rate NOLs from other years (line 24). State income tax rate   You cannot deduct any NOL carryovers or carrybacks from other years. State income tax rate Enter the total amount of your NOL deduction for losses from other years. State income tax rate Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A The following example illustrates how to figure an NOL. State income tax rate It includes filled-in pages 1 and 2 of Form 1040 and Form 1045, Schedule A. State income tax rate Example. State income tax rate Glenn Johnson is in the retail record business. State income tax rate He is single and has the following income and deductions on his Form 1040 for 2013. State income tax rate See the illustrated Form 1040 , later. State income tax rate INCOME   Wages from part-time job $1,225 Interest on savings 425 Net long-term capital gain on sale of real estate used in business 2,000 Glenn's total income $3,650 DEDUCTIONS   Net loss from business (gross income of $67,000 minus expenses of $72,000) $5,000 Net short-term capital loss on sale of stock 1,000 Standard deduction 6,100 Personal exemption 3,900 Glenn's total deductions $16,000 Glenn's deductions exceed his income by $12,350 ($16,000 − $3,650). State income tax rate However, to figure whether he has an NOL, certain deductions are not allowed. State income tax rate He uses Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure his NOL. State income tax rate See the Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A , later. State income tax rate The following items are not allowed on Form 1045, Schedule A. State income tax rate Nonbusiness net short-term capital loss $1,000 Nonbusiness deductions (standard deduction, $6,100) minus nonbusiness income (interest, $425) 5,675 Deduction for personal exemption 3,900 Total adjustments to net loss $10,575     Therefore, Glenn's NOL for 2013 is figured as follows: Glenn's total 2013 income $3,650 Less:     Glenn's original 2013 total deductions $16,000   Reduced by the disallowed items − 10,575 − 5,425 Glenn's NOL for 2013 $1,775 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. State income tax rate Please click the link to view the image. State income tax rate Form 1040, page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. State income tax rate Please click the link to view the image. State income tax rate Form 1040, page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. State income tax rate Please click the link to view the image. State income tax rate Form 1045, page 2 When To Use an NOL Generally, if you have an NOL for a tax year ending in 2013, you must carry back the entire amount of the NOL to the 2 tax years before the NOL year (the carryback period), and then carry forward any remaining NOL for up to 20 years after the NOL year (the carryforward period). State income tax rate You can, however, choose not to carry back an NOL and only carry it forward. State income tax rate See Waiving the Carryback Period , later. State income tax rate You cannot deduct any part of the NOL remaining after the 20-year carryforward period. State income tax rate NOL year. State income tax rate   This is the year in which the NOL occurred. State income tax rate Exceptions to 2-Year Carryback Rule Eligible losses, farming losses, qualified disaster losses, and specified liability losses, all defined next, qualify for longer carryback periods. State income tax rate Eligible loss. State income tax rate   The carryback period for eligible losses is 3 years. State income tax rate Only the eligible loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 3 years. State income tax rate An eligible loss is any part of an NOL that: Is from a casualty or theft, or Is attributable to a federally declared disaster for a qualified small business or certain qualified farming businesses. State income tax rate Qualified small business. State income tax rate   A qualified small business is a sole proprietorship or a partnership that has average annual gross receipts (reduced by returns and allowances) of $5 million or less during the 3-year period ending with the tax year of the NOL. State income tax rate If the business did not exist for this entire 3-year period, use the period the business was in existence. State income tax rate   An eligible loss does not include a farming loss or a qualified disaster loss. State income tax rate Farming loss. State income tax rate   The carryback period for a farming loss is 5 years. State income tax rate Only the farming loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 5 years. State income tax rate A farming loss is the smaller of: The amount that would be the NOL for the tax year if only income and deductions attributable to farming businesses were taken into account, or The NOL for the tax year. State income tax rate Farming business. State income tax rate   A farming business is a trade or business involving cultivation of land or the raising or harvesting of any agricultural or horticultural commodity. State income tax rate A farming business can include operating a nursery or sod farm or raising or harvesting most ornamental trees or trees bearing fruit, nuts, or other crops. State income tax rate The raising, shearing, feeding, caring for, training, and management of animals is also considered a farming business. State income tax rate   A farming business does not include contract harvesting of an agricultural or horticultural commodity grown or raised by someone else. State income tax rate It also does not include a business in which you merely buy or sell plants or animals grown or raised entirely by someone else. State income tax rate Waiving the 5-year carryback. State income tax rate   You can choose to figure the carryback period for a farming loss without regard to the special 5-year carryback rule. State income tax rate To make this choice for 2013, attach to your 2013 income tax return filed by the due date (including extensions) a statement that you are choosing to treat any 2013 farming losses without regard to the special 5-year carryback rule. State income tax rate If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months after the due date of the return (excluding extensions). State income tax rate Attach an election statement to your amended return, and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. State income tax rate 9100-2” at the top of the statement. State income tax rate Once made, this choice is irrevocable. State income tax rate Qualified disaster loss. State income tax rate   The carryback period for a qualified disaster loss is 5 years. State income tax rate Only the qualified disaster loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 5 years. State income tax rate A qualified disaster loss is the smaller of: The sum of: Any losses attributable to a federally declared disaster and occurring before January 1, 2010, in the disaster area, plus Any allowable qualified disaster expenses (even if you did not choose to treat those expenses as deductions in the current year), or The NOL for the tax year. State income tax rate Qualified disaster expenses. State income tax rate   A qualified disaster expense is any capital expense paid or incurred in connection with a trade or business or with business-related property which is: For the abatement or control of hazardous substances that were released as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010, For the removal of debris from, or the demolition of structures on, real property which is business-related property damaged or destroyed as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010, or For the repair of business-related property damaged as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010. State income tax rate Business-related property is property held for use in a trade or business, property held for the production of income, or inventory property. State income tax rate Note. State income tax rate Section 198A allows taxpayers to treat certain capital expenses (qualified disaster expenses) as deductions in the year the expenses were paid or incurred. State income tax rate Excluded losses. State income tax rate   A qualified disaster loss does not include any losses from property used in connection with any private or commercial golf course, country club, massage parlor, hot tub facility, suntan facility, or any store for which the principal business is the sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption off premises. State income tax rate   A qualified disaster loss also does not include any losses from any gambling or animal racing property. State income tax rate Gambling or animal racing property is any equipment, furniture, software, or other property used directly in connection with gambling, the racing of animals, or the on-site viewing of such racing, and the portion of any real property (determined by square footage) that is dedicated to gambling, the racing of animals, or the on-site viewing of such racing, unless this portion is less than 100 square feet. State income tax rate Specified liability loss. State income tax rate   The carryback period for a specified liability loss is 10 years. State income tax rate Only the specified liability loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 10 years. State income tax rate Generally, a specified liability loss is a loss arising from: Product liability and expenses incurred in the investigation or settlement of, or opposition to, product liability claims, or An act (or failure to act) that occurred at least 3 years before the beginning of the loss year and resulted in a liability under a federal or state law requiring: Reclamation of land, Dismantling of a drilling platform, Remediation of environmental contamination, or Payment under any workers compensation act. State income tax rate   Any loss from a liability arising from (1) through (4) above can be taken into account as a specified liability loss only if you used an accrual method of accounting throughout the period in which the act (or failure to act) occurred. State income tax rate For details, see section 172(f). State income tax rate Waiving the 10-year carryback. State income tax rate   You can choose to figure the carryback period for a specified liability loss without regard to the special 10-year carryback rule. State income tax rate To make this choice for 2013 attach to your 2013 income tax return filed by the due date (including extensions) a statement that you are choosing to treat any 2013 specified liability losses without regard to the special 10-year carryback rule. State income tax rate If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months after the due date of the return (excluding extensions). State income tax rate Attach a statement to your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. State income tax rate 9100-2” at the top of the statement. State income tax rate Once made, this choice is irrevocable. State income tax rate Waiving the Carryback Period You can choose not to carry back your NOL. State income tax rate If you make this choice, then you can use your NOL only in the 20-year carryforward period. State income tax rate (This choice means you also choose not to carry back any alternative tax NOL. State income tax rate ) To make this choice, attach a statement to your original return filed by the due date (including extensions) for the NOL year. State income tax rate This statement must show that you are choosing to waive the carryback period under section 172(b)(3). State income tax rate If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). State income tax rate Attach a statement to your amended return, and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. State income tax rate 9100-2” at the top of the statement. State income tax rate Once you choose to waive the carryback period, it generally is irrevocable. State income tax rate If you choose to waive the carryback period for more than one NOL, you must make a separate choice and attach a separate statement for each NOL year. State income tax rate If you do not file this statement on time, you cannot waive the carryback period. State income tax rate How To Carry an NOL Back or Forward If you choose to carry back the NOL, you must first carry the entire NOL to the earliest carryback year. State income tax rate If your NOL is not used up, you can carry the rest to the next earliest carryback year, and so on. State income tax rate If you waive the carryback period or do not use up the NOL in the carryback period, carry forward what remains of the NOL to the 20 tax years following the NOL year. State income tax rate Start by carrying it to the first tax year after the NOL year. State income tax rate If you do not use it up, carry the unused part to the next year. State income tax rate Continue to carry any unused part of the NOL forward until the NOL is used up or you complete the 20-year carryforward period. State income tax rate Example 1. State income tax rate You started your business as a sole proprietor in 2013 and had a $42,000 NOL for the year. State income tax rate No part of the NOL qualifies for the 3-year, 5-year, or 10-year carryback. State income tax rate You begin using your NOL in 2011, the second year before the NOL year, as shown in the following chart. State income tax rate Year   Carryback/  Carryover Unused  Loss 2011 $42,000 $40,000 2012 40,000 37,000 2013 (NOL year)     2014 37,000 31,500 2015 31,500 22,500 2016 22,500 12,700 2017 12,700 4,000 2018 4,000 -0- If your loss were larger, you could carry it forward until the year 2033. State income tax rate If you still had an unused 2013 carryforward after the year 2033, you would not be allowed to deduct it. State income tax rate Example 2. State income tax rate Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that $4,000 of the NOL is attributable to a casualty loss and this loss qualifies for a 3-year carryback period. State income tax rate You begin using the $4,000 in 2010. State income tax rate As shown in the following chart, $3,000 of this NOL is used in 2010. State income tax rate The remaining $1,000 is carried to 2011 with the $38,000 NOL that you must begin using in 2011. State income tax rate Year   Carryback/  Carryover Unused  Loss 2010 $4,000 $1,000 2011 39,000 37,000 2012 37,000 34,000 2013 (NOL year)     2014 34,000 28,500 2015 28,500 19,500 2016 19,500 9,700 2017 9,700 1,000 2018 1,000 -0- How To Claim an NOL Deduction If you have not already carried the NOL to an earlier year, your NOL deduction is the total NOL. State income tax rate If you carried the NOL to an earlier year, your NOL deduction is the carried over NOL minus the NOL amount you used in the earlier year or years. State income tax rate If you carry more than one NOL to the same year, your NOL deduction is the total of these carrybacks and carryovers. State income tax rate NOL resulting in no taxable income. State income tax rate   If your NOL is more than the taxable income of the year you carry it to (figured before deducting the NOL), you generally will have an NOL carryover to the next year. State income tax rate See How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later, to determine how much NOL you have used and how much you carry to the next year. State income tax rate Deducting a Carryback If you carry back your NOL, you can use either Form 1045 or Form 1040X. State income tax rate You can get your refund faster by using Form 1045, but you have a shorter time to file it. State income tax rate You can use Form 1045 to apply an NOL to all carryback years. State income tax rate If you use Form 1040X, you must use a separate Form 1040X for each carryback year to which you apply the NOL. State income tax rate Estates and trusts that do not file Form 1045 must file an amended Form 1041 (instead of Form 1040X) for each carryback year to which NOLs are applied. State income tax rate Use a copy of the appropriate year's Form 1041, check the “Amended return” box, and follow the Form 1041 instructions for amended returns. State income tax rate Include the NOL deduction with other deductions not subject to the 2% limit (line 15a). State income tax rate Also, see the special procedures for filing an amended return due to an NOL carryback, explained under Form 1040X , later. State income tax rate Form 1045. State income tax rate   You can apply for a quick refund by filing Form 1045. State income tax rate This form results in a tentative adjustment of tax in the carryback year. State income tax rate See the Illustrated Form 1045 . State income tax rate at the end of this discussion. State income tax rate   If the IRS refunds or credits an amount to you from Form 1045 and later determines that the refund or credit is too much, the IRS may assess and collect the excess immediately. State income tax rate   Generally, you must file Form 1045 on or after the date you file your tax return for the NOL year, but not later than one year after the end of the NOL year. State income tax rate If the last day of the NOL year falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday, the form will be considered timely if postmarked on the next business day. State income tax rate For example, if you are a calendar year taxpayer with a carryback from 2013 to 2011, you must file Form 1045 on or after the date you file your tax return for 2013, but no later than December 31, 2014. State income tax rate Form 1040X. State income tax rate   If you do not file Form 1045, you can file Form 1040X to get a refund of tax because of an NOL carryback. State income tax rate File Form 1040X within 3 years after the due date, including extensions, for filing the return for the NOL year. State income tax rate For example, if you are a calendar year taxpayer and filed your 2011 return by the April 15, 2012, due date, you must file a claim for refund of 2008 tax because of an NOL carryback from 2011 by April 15, 2015. State income tax rate   Attach a computation of your NOL using Form 1045, Schedule A, and, if it applies, your NOL carryover using Form 1045, Schedule B, discussed later . State income tax rate Refiguring your tax. State income tax rate   To refigure your total tax liability for a carryback year, first refigure your adjusted gross income for that year. State income tax rate (On Form 1045, use lines 10 and 11 and the “After carryback” column for the applicable carryback year. State income tax rate ) Use your adjusted gross income after applying the NOL deduction to refigure income or deduction items that are based on, or limited to, a percentage of your adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Refigure the following items. State income tax rate The special allowance for passive activity losses from rental real estate activities. State income tax rate Taxable social security and tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. State income tax rate IRA deductions. State income tax rate Excludable savings bond interest. State income tax rate Excludable employer-provided adoption benefits. State income tax rate The student loan interest deduction. State income tax rate The tuition and fees deduction. State income tax rate   If more than one of these items apply, refigure them in the order listed above, using your adjusted gross income after applying the NOL deduction and any previous item. State income tax rate (Enter your NOL deduction on Form 1045, line 10. State income tax rate On line 11, using the “After carryback” column, enter your adjusted gross income refigured after applying the NOL deduction and after refiguring any above items. State income tax rate )   Next, refigure your taxable income. State income tax rate (On Form 1045, use lines 12 through 15 and the “After carryback” column. State income tax rate ) Use your refigured adjusted gross income (Form 1045, line 11, using the “After carryback” column) to refigure certain deductions and other items that are based on or limited to a percentage of your adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Refigure the following items. State income tax rate The itemized deduction for medical expenses. State income tax rate The itemized deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums. State income tax rate The itemized deduction for casualty losses. State income tax rate Miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% limit. State income tax rate The overall limit on itemized deductions (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). State income tax rate The phaseout of the deduction for exemptions (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). State income tax rate Qualified motor vehicle tax (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). State income tax rate    Do not refigure the itemized deduction for charitable contributions. State income tax rate   Finally, use your refigured taxable income (Form 1045, line 15, using the “After carryback” column) to refigure your total tax liability. State income tax rate Refigure your income tax, your alternative minimum tax, and any credits that are based on or limited by your adjusted gross income (AGI), modified adjusted gross income (MAGI), or tax liability. State income tax rate (On Form 1045, use lines 16 through 25, and the “After carryback” column. State income tax rate ) The earned income credit, for example, may be affected by changes to adjusted gross income or the amount of tax (or both) and, therefore, must be recomputed. State income tax rate If you become eligible for a credit because of the carryback, complete the form for that specific credit (such as the EIC Worksheet) for that year. State income tax rate   While it is necessary to refigure your income tax, alternative minimum tax, and credits, do not refigure your self-employment tax. State income tax rate Deducting a Carryforward If you carry forward your NOL to a tax year after the NOL year, list your NOL deduction as a negative figure on the “Other income” line of Form 1040 or Form 1040NR (line 21 for 2013). State income tax rate Estates and trusts include an NOL deduction on Form 1041 with other deductions not subject to the 2% limit (line 15a for 2013). State income tax rate You must attach a statement that shows all the important facts about the NOL. State income tax rate Your statement should include a computation showing how you figured the NOL deduction. State income tax rate If you deduct more than one NOL in the same year, your statement must cover each of them. State income tax rate Change in Marital Status If you and your spouse were not married to each other in all years involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, only the spouse who had the loss can take the NOL deduction. State income tax rate If you file a joint return, the NOL deduction is limited to the income of that spouse. State income tax rate For example, if your marital status changes because of death or divorce, and in a later year you have an NOL, you can carry back that loss only to the part of the income reported on the joint return (filed with your former spouse) that was related to your taxable income. State income tax rate After you deduct the NOL in the carryback year, the joint rates apply to the resulting taxable income. State income tax rate Refund limit. State income tax rate   If you are not married in the NOL year (or are married to a different spouse), and in the carryback year you were married and filed a joint return, your refund for the overpaid joint tax may be limited. State income tax rate You can claim a refund for the difference between your share of the refigured tax and your contribution toward the tax paid on the joint return. State income tax rate The refund cannot be more than the joint overpayment. State income tax rate Attach a statement showing how you figured your refund. State income tax rate Figuring your share of a joint tax liability. State income tax rate   There are five steps for figuring your share of the refigured joint tax liability. State income tax rate Figure your total tax as though you had filed as married filing separately. State income tax rate Figure your spouse's total tax as though your spouse had also filed as married filing separately. State income tax rate Add the amounts in (1) and (2). State income tax rate Divide the amount in (1) by the amount in (3). State income tax rate Multiply the refigured tax on your joint return by the amount figured in (4). State income tax rate This is your share of the joint tax liability. State income tax rate Figuring your contribution toward tax paid. State income tax rate   Unless you have an agreement or clear evidence of each spouse's contributions toward the payment of the joint tax liability, figure your contribution by adding the tax withheld on your wages and your share of joint estimated tax payments or tax paid with the return. State income tax rate If the original return for the carryback year resulted in an overpayment, reduce your contribution by your share of the tax refund. State income tax rate Figure your share of a joint payment or refund by the same method used in figuring your share of the joint tax liability. State income tax rate Use your taxable income as originally reported on the joint return in steps (1) and (2) above, and substitute the joint payment or refund for the refigured joint tax in step (5). State income tax rate Change in Filing Status If you and your spouse were married and filed a joint return for each year involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, figure the NOL deduction on a joint return as you would for an individual. State income tax rate However, treat the NOL deduction as a joint NOL. State income tax rate If you and your spouse were married and filed separate returns for each year involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, the spouse who sustained the loss may take the NOL deduction on a separate return. State income tax rate Special rules apply for figuring the NOL carrybacks and carryovers of married people whose filing status changes for any tax year involved in figuring an NOL carryback or carryover. State income tax rate Separate to joint return. State income tax rate   If you and your spouse file a joint return for a carryback or carryforward year, and were married but filed separate returns for any of the tax years involved in figuring the NOL carryback or carryover, treat the separate carryback or carryover as a joint carryback or carryover. State income tax rate Joint to separate returns. State income tax rate   If you and your spouse file separate returns for a carryback or carryforward year, but filed a joint return for any or all of the tax years involved in figuring the NOL carryover, figure each of your carryovers separately. State income tax rate Joint return in NOL year. State income tax rate   Figure each spouse's share of the joint NOL through the following steps. State income tax rate Figure each spouse's NOL as if he or she filed a separate return. State income tax rate See How To Figure an NOL , earlier. State income tax rate If only one spouse has an NOL, stop here. State income tax rate All of the joint NOL is that spouse's NOL. State income tax rate If both spouses have an NOL, multiply the joint NOL by a fraction, the numerator of which is spouse A's NOL figured in (1) and the denominator of which is the total of the spouses' NOLs figured in (1). State income tax rate The result is spouse A's share of the joint NOL. State income tax rate The rest of the joint NOL is spouse B's share. State income tax rate Example 1. State income tax rate Mark and Nancy are married and file a joint return for 2013. State income tax rate They have an NOL of $5,000. State income tax rate They carry the NOL back to 2011, a year in which Mark and Nancy filed separate returns. State income tax rate Figured separately, Nancy's 2013 deductions were more than her income, and Mark's income was more than his deductions. State income tax rate Mark does not have any NOL to carry back. State income tax rate Nancy can carry back the entire $5,000 NOL to her 2011 separate return. State income tax rate Example 2. State income tax rate Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that both Mark and Nancy had deductions in 2013 that were more than their income. State income tax rate Figured separately, his NOL is $1,800 and her NOL is $3,000. State income tax rate The sum of their separate NOLs ($4,800) is less than their $5,000 joint NOL because his deductions included a $200 net capital loss that is not allowed in figuring his separate NOL. State income tax rate The loss is allowed in figuring their joint NOL because it was offset by Nancy's capital gains. State income tax rate Mark's share of their $5,000 joint NOL is $1,875 ($5,000 × $1,800/$4,800) and Nancy's is $3,125 ($5,000 − $1,875). State income tax rate Joint return in previous carryback or carryforward year. State income tax rate   If only one spouse had an NOL deduction on the previous year's joint return, all of the joint carryover is that spouse's carryover. State income tax rate If both spouses had an NOL deduction (including separate carryovers of a joint NOL, figured as explained in the previous discussion ), figure each spouse's share of the joint carryover through the following steps. State income tax rate Figure each spouse's modified taxable income as if he or she filed a separate return. State income tax rate See Modified taxable income under How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later. State income tax rate Multiply the joint modified taxable income you used to figure the joint carryover by a fraction, the numerator of which is spouse A's modified taxable income figured in (1) and the denominator of which is the total of the spouses' modified taxable incomes figured in (1). State income tax rate This is spouse A's share of the joint modified taxable income. State income tax rate Subtract the amount figured in (2) from the joint modified taxable income. State income tax rate This is spouse B's share of the joint modified taxable income. State income tax rate Reduce the amount figured in (3), but not below zero, by spouse B's NOL deduction. State income tax rate Add the amounts figured in (2) and (4). State income tax rate Subtract the amount figured in (5) from spouse A's NOL deduction. State income tax rate This is spouse A's share of the joint carryover. State income tax rate The rest of the joint carryover is spouse B's share. State income tax rate Example. State income tax rate Sam and Wanda filed a joint return for 2011 and separate returns for 2012 and 2013. State income tax rate In 2013, Sam had an NOL of $18,000 and Wanda had an NOL of $2,000. State income tax rate They choose to carry back both NOLs 2 years to their 2011 joint return and claim a $20,000 NOL deduction. State income tax rate Their joint modified taxable income (MTI) for 2011 is $15,000, and their joint NOL carryover to 2012 is $5,000 ($20,000 – $15,000). State income tax rate Sam and Wanda each figure their separate MTI for 2011 as if they had filed separate returns. State income tax rate Then they figure their shares of the $5,000 carryover as follows. State income tax rate Step 1. State income tax rate   Sam's separate MTI $9,000 Wanda's separate MTI + 3,000 Total MTI $12,000 Step 2. State income tax rate   Joint MTI $15,000 Sam's MTI ÷ total MTI ($9,000 ÷ $12,000) × . State income tax rate 75 Sam's share of joint MTI $11,250 Step 3. State income tax rate   Joint MTI $15,000 Sam's share of joint MTI − 11,250 Wanda's share of joint MTI $3,750 Step 4. State income tax rate   Wanda's share of joint MTI $3,750 Wanda's NOL deduction − 2,000 Wanda's remaining share $1,750 Step 5. State income tax rate   Sam's share of joint MTI $11,250 Wanda's remaining share + 1,750 Joint MTI to be offset $13,000 Step 6. State income tax rate   Sam's NOL deduction $18,000 Joint MTI to be offset − 13,000 Sam's carryover to 2012 $5,000 Joint carryover to 2012 $5,000 Sam's carryover − 5,000 Wanda's carryover to 2012 $-0- Wanda's $2,000 NOL deduction offsets $2,000 of her $3,750 share of the joint modified taxable income and is completely used up. State income tax rate She has no carryover to 2012. State income tax rate Sam's $18,000 NOL deduction offsets all of his $11,250 share of joint modified taxable income and the remaining $1,750 of Wanda's share. State income tax rate His carryover to 2012 is $5,000. State income tax rate Illustrated Form 1045 The following example illustrates how to use Form 1045 to claim an NOL deduction in a carryback year. State income tax rate It includes a filled-in page 1 of Form 1045. State income tax rate Example. State income tax rate Martha Sanders is a self-employed contractor. State income tax rate Martha's 2013 deductions are more than her 2013 income because of a business loss. State income tax rate She uses Form 1045 to carry back her NOL 2 years and claim an NOL deduction in 2011. State income tax rate Her filing status in both years was single. State income tax rate See the filled-in Form 1045 later. State income tax rate Martha figures her 2013 NOL on Form 1045, Schedule A (not shown). State income tax rate (For an example using Form 1045, Schedule A, see Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A under How To Figure an NOL , earlier. State income tax rate ) She enters the $10,000 NOL from Form 1045, Schedule A, line 25, on Form 1045, line 1a. State income tax rate Martha completes lines 10 through 25, using the “Before carryback” column under the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11 on page 1 of Form 1045 using the following amounts from her 2011 return. State income tax rate 2011 Adjusted gross income $50,000 Itemized deductions:     Medical expenses [$6,000 − ($50,000 × 7. State income tax rate 5%)] $2,250   State income tax + 2,000   Real estate tax + 4,000   Home mortgage interest + 5,000   Total itemized deductions $13,250 Exemption $3,700 Income tax $4,550 Self-employment tax $6,120   Martha refigures her taxable income for 2011 after carrying back her 2013 NOL as follows: 2011 Adjusted gross income $50,000 Less:     NOL from 2013 −10,000 2011 Adjusted gross income after carryback $40,000 Less:     Itemized deductions:     Medical expenses [$6,000 − ($40,000 × 7. State income tax rate 5%)] $3,000   State income tax + 2,000   Real estate tax + 4,000   Home mortgage interest + 5,000   Total itemized deductions −14,000 Less:     Exemption − 3,700 2011 Taxable income after carryback $22,300 Martha then completes lines 10 through 25, using the “After carryback” column under the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11. State income tax rate On line 10, Martha enters her $10,000 NOL deduction. State income tax rate Her new adjusted gross income on line 11 is $40,000 ($50,000 − $10,000). State income tax rate To complete line 12, she must refigure her medical expense deduction using her new adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Her refigured medical expense deduction is $3,000 [$6,000 − ($40,000 × 7. State income tax rate 5%)]. State income tax rate This increases her total itemized deductions to $14,000 [$13,250 + ($3,000 − $2,250)]. State income tax rate Martha uses her refigured taxable income ($22,300) from line 15, and the tax tables in her 2011 Form 1040 instructions to find her income tax. State income tax rate She enters the new amount, $2,924, on line 16, and her new total tax liability, $9,044, on line 25. State income tax rate Martha used up her $10,000 NOL in 2011 so she does not complete a column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/2012. State income tax rate The decrease in tax because of her NOL deduction (line 27) is $1,612. State income tax rate Martha files Form 1045 after filing her 2013 return, but no later than December 31, 2014. State income tax rate She mails it to the Internal Revenue Service Center for the place where she lives as shown in the 2013 instructions for Form 1040 and attaches a copy of her 2013 return (including the applicable forms and schedules). State income tax rate This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. State income tax rate Please click the link to view the image. State income tax rate Form 1045, page 1 How To Figure an NOL Carryover If your NOL is more than your taxable income for the year to which you carry it (figured before deducting the NOL), you may have an NOL carryover. State income tax rate You must make certain modifications to your taxable income to determine how much NOL you will use up in that year and how much you can carry over to the next tax year. State income tax rate Your carryover is the excess of your NOL deduction over your modified taxable income for the carryback or carryforward year. State income tax rate If your NOL deduction includes more than one NOL, apply the NOLs against your modified taxable income in the same order in which you incurred them, starting with the earliest. State income tax rate Modified taxable income. State income tax rate   Your modified taxable income is your taxable income figured with the following changes. State income tax rate You cannot claim an NOL deduction for the NOL carryover you are figuring or for any later NOL. State income tax rate You cannot claim a deduction for capital losses in excess of your capital gains. State income tax rate Also, you must increase your taxable income by the amount of any section 1202 exclusion. State income tax rate You cannot claim the domestic production activities deduction. State income tax rate You cannot claim a deduction for your exemptions for yourself, your spouse, or dependents. State income tax rate You must figure any item affected by the amount of your adjusted gross income after making the changes in (1), (2), and (3), above, and certain other changes to your adjusted gross income that result from (1), (2), and (3). State income tax rate This includes income and deduction items used to figure adjusted gross income (for example, IRA deductions), as well as certain itemized deductions. State income tax rate To figure a charitable contribution deduction, do not include deductions for NOL carrybacks in the change in (1) but do include deductions for NOL carryforwards from tax years before the NOL year. State income tax rate   Your taxable income as modified cannot be less than zero. State income tax rate Form 1045, Schedule B. State income tax rate   You can use Form 1045, Schedule B, to figure your modified taxable income for carryback years and your carryover from each of those years. State income tax rate Do not use Form 1045, Schedule B, for a carryforward year. State income tax rate If your 2013 return includes an NOL deduction from an NOL year before 2013 that reduced your taxable income to zero (to less than zero, if an estate or trust), see NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014 , later. State income tax rate Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule B The following example illustrates how to figure an NOL carryover from a carryback year. State income tax rate It includes a filled-in Form 1045, Schedule B. State income tax rate Example. State income tax rate Ida Brown runs a small clothing shop. State income tax rate In 2013, she has an NOL of $36,000 that she carries back to 2011. State income tax rate She has no other carrybacks or carryforwards to 2011. State income tax rate Ida's adjusted gross income in 2011 was $35,000, consisting of her salary of $36,000 minus a $1,000 capital loss deduction. State income tax rate She is single and claimed only one personal exemption of $3,700. State income tax rate During that year, she gave $1,450 in charitable contributions. State income tax rate Her medical expenses were $3,000. State income tax rate She also deducted $1,650 in taxes and $3,125 in home mortgage interest. State income tax rate Her deduction for charitable contributions was not limited because her contributions, $1,450, were less than 50% of her adjusted gross income. State income tax rate The deduction for medical expenses was limited to expenses over 7. State income tax rate 5% of adjusted gross income (. State income tax rate 075 × $35,000 = $2,625; $3,000 − $2,625 = $375). State income tax rate The deductions for taxes and home mortgage interest were not subject to any limits. State income tax rate She was able to claim $6,600 ($1,450 + $375 + $1,650 + $3,125) in itemized deductions and a personal exemption deduction of $3,700 for 2011. State income tax rate She had no other deductions in 2011 (except the NOL deduction). State income tax rate Her taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction) for the year was $24,700. State income tax rate Ida's adjusted gross income in 2012 was $9,325, consisting of net business income from the clothing shop of $12,325 and a net capital loss of $3,000. State income tax rate She did not itemize her deductions in 2012. State income tax rate She deducted the standard deduction of $5,950 and the personal exemption deduction of $3,800. State income tax rate She had no other deductions in 2012 (other than the NOL deduction). State income tax rate Her taxable income, therefore, was ($425). State income tax rate Ida's $36,000 carryback will result in her having 2011 taxable income of zero. State income tax rate She then completes the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11 on Form 1045, Schedule B, to figure how much of her NOL she uses up in 2011 and how much she can carry over to 2012. State income tax rate She completes the column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. State income tax rate See the illustrated Form 1045, Schedule B , shown later. State income tax rate Column 1, line 1. State income tax rate Ida enters $36,000, her 2013 net operating loss, on line 1. State income tax rate Column 1, line 2. State income tax rate She enters $24,700, her 2011 taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction), on line 2. State income tax rate Column 1, line 3. State income tax rate Ida enters her net capital loss deduction of $1,000 on line 3. State income tax rate Column 1, lines 4 and 5. State income tax rate Ida had no section 1202 exclusion or domestic production activities deduction in 2011. State income tax rate She enters zero on lines 4 and 5. State income tax rate Column 1, line 6. State income tax rate Although Ida's entry on line 3 modifies her adjusted gross income, that does not affect any other items included in her adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Ida enters zero on line 6. State income tax rate Column 1, line 7. State income tax rate Ida had itemized deductions and entered $1,000 on line 3, so she completes lines 11 through 38 to figure her adjustment to itemized deductions. State income tax rate On line 7, she enters the total adjustment from line 38. State income tax rate Column 1, line 8. State income tax rate Ida enters the deduction for her personal exemption of $3,700 for 2011. State income tax rate Column 1, line 9. State income tax rate After combining lines 2 through 8, Ida's modified taxable income is $29,475. State income tax rate Column 1, line 10. State income tax rate Ida figures her carryover to 2012 by subtracting her modified taxable income (line 9) from her NOL deduction (line 1). State income tax rate She enters the $6,525 carryover on line 10. State income tax rate She also enters the $6,525 as her NOL deduction for 2012 on Form 1045, page 1, line 10, in the “After carryback” column under the column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. State income tax rate (For an illustrated example of page 1 of Form 1045, see Illustrated Form 1045 under How To Claim an NOL Deduction , earlier. State income tax rate ) Next, Ida completes column 2 for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. State income tax rate Column 1, line 11. State income tax rate Ida's adjusted gross income for 2011 was $35,000. State income tax rate Column 1, line 12. State income tax rate She adds lines 3 through 6 and enters $1,000 on line 12. State income tax rate (This is her net capital loss deduction added back, which modifies her adjusted gross income. State income tax rate ) Column 1, line 13. State income tax rate Her modified adjusted gross income for 2011 is now $36,000. State income tax rate Column 1, line 14. State income tax rate On her 2011 tax return, she deducted $375 as medical expenses. State income tax rate Column 1, line 15. State income tax rate Her actual medical expenses were $3,000. State income tax rate Column 1, line 16. State income tax rate She multiplies her modified adjusted gross income, $36,000, by . State income tax rate 075. State income tax rate She enters $2,700 on line 16. State income tax rate Column 1, line 17. State income tax rate She substracts $2,700 from her actual medical expenses, $3,000. State income tax rate She enters $300 on line 17. State income tax rate This is her modified medical deduction. State income tax rate Column 1, line 18. State income tax rate The difference between her medical deduction and her modified medical deduction is $75. State income tax rate She enters this on line 18. State income tax rate Column 1, lines 19 through 21. State income tax rate Ida had no deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums in 2011. State income tax rate She skips lines 19 and 20 and enters zero on line 21. State income tax rate Column 1, line 22. State income tax rate She enters her modified adjusted gross income of $36,000 on line 22. State income tax rate Column 1, line 23. State income tax rate She had no other carrybacks to 2011 and enters zero on line 23. State income tax rate Column 1, line 24. State income tax rate Her modified adjusted gross income remains $36,000. State income tax rate Column 1, line 25. State income tax rate Her actual contributions for 2011 were $1,450, which she enters on line 25. State income tax rate Column 1, line 26. State income tax rate She now refigures her charitable contributions based on her modified adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Her contributions are well below the 50% limit, so she enters $1,450 on line 26. State income tax rate Column 1, line 27. State income tax rate The difference is zero. State income tax rate Column 1, lines 28 through 37. State income tax rate Ida had no casualty losses or deductions for miscellaneous items in 2011. State income tax rate She skips lines 28 through 31 and lines 33 through 36. State income tax rate Ida enters zero on lines 32 and 37. State income tax rate Column 1, line 38. State income tax rate She combines lines 18, 21, 27, 32, and 37 and enters $75 on line 38. State income tax rate She carries this figure to line 7. State income tax rate Column 2, line 1. State income tax rate Ida enters $6,525, the carryback of her 2013 NOL to 2012, from column 1, line 10, on line 1. State income tax rate Column 2, line 2. State income tax rate She enters ($425), her 2012 taxable income, on line 2. State income tax rate Column 2, line 3. State income tax rate Ida enters her net capital loss deduction of $3,000 on line 3. State income tax rate Column 2, lines 4 and 5. State income tax rate Ida had no section 1202 exclusion or domestic production activities deduction in 2012. State income tax rate She enters zero on lines 4 and 5. State income tax rate Column 2, line 6. State income tax rate Although Ida's entry on line 3 modifies her adjusted gross income, that does not affect any other items included in her adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Ida enters zero on line 6. State income tax rate Column 2, line 7. State income tax rate Because Ida did not itemize deductions on her 2012 tax return, she enters zero on line 7. State income tax rate Column 2, line 8. State income tax rate Ida enters the deduction for her personal exemption of $3,800 for 2012. State income tax rate Column 2, line 9. State income tax rate After combining lines 2 through 8, Ida's modified taxable income is $6,375. State income tax rate Column 2, line 10. State income tax rate Ida figures her carryforward to 2014 by subtracting her modified taxable income (line 9) from her NOL deduction (line 1). State income tax rate She enters the $150 carryover on line 10. State income tax rate This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. State income tax rate Please click the link to view the image. State income tax rate Form 1045, page 3 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. State income tax rate Please click the link to view the image. State income tax rate Form 1045, page 4 NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014 If you had an NOL deduction carried forward from a year prior to 2013 that resulted in your having taxable income on your 2013 return of zero (of less than zero, if an estate or trust), complete Table 1 , Worksheet for NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014, on the following pages. State income tax rate It will help you figure your NOL to carry to 2014. State income tax rate Keep the worksheet for your records. State income tax rate Worksheet Instructions At the top of the worksheet, enter the NOL year for which you are figuring the carryover. State income tax rate More than one NOL. State income tax rate   If your 2013 NOL deduction includes amounts for more than one loss year, complete this worksheet only for one loss year. State income tax rate To determine which year, start with your earliest NOL and subtract each NOL separately from your taxable income figured without the NOL deduction. State income tax rate Complete this worksheet for the earliest NOL that results in your having taxable income below zero. State income tax rate Your NOL carryover to 2014 is the total of the amount on line 10 of the worksheet and all later NOL amounts. State income tax rate Example. State income tax rate Your taxable income for 2013 is $5,000 without your $9,000 NOL deduction. State income tax rate Your NOL deduction includes a $2,000 carryover from 2011 and a $7,000 carryover from 2012. State income tax rate Subtract your 2011 NOL of $2,000 from $5,000. State income tax rate This gives you taxable income of $3,000. State income tax rate Your 2011 NOL is now completely used up. State income tax rate Subtract your $7,000 2012 NOL from $3,000. State income tax rate This gives you taxable income of ($4,000). State income tax rate You now complete the worksheet for your 2012 NOL. State income tax rate Your NOL carryover to 2014 is the unused part of your 2012 NOL from line 10 of the worksheet. State income tax rate Line 2. State income tax rate   Treat your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and later years as a positive amount. State income tax rate Add it to your negative taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction). State income tax rate Enter the result on line 2. State income tax rate Line 6. State income tax rate   You must refigure the following income and deductions based on adjusted gross income. State income tax rate The special allowance for passive activity losses from rental real estate activities. State income tax rate Taxable social security and tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. State income tax rate IRA deductions. State income tax rate Excludable savings bond interest. State income tax rate Excludable employer-provided adoption benefits. State income tax rate The student loan interest deduction. State income tax rate The tuition and fees deduction. State income tax rate   If none of these items apply to you, enter zero on line 6. State income tax rate Otherwise, increase your adjusted gross income by the total of lines 3 through 5 and your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and later years. State income tax rate Using this increased adjusted gross income, refigure the items that apply, in the order listed above. State income tax rate Your adjustment for each item is the difference between the refigured amount and the amount included on your return. State income tax rate Combine the adjustments for previous items with your adjusted gross income before refiguring the next item. State income tax rate Keep a record of your computations. State income tax rate   Enter your total adjustments for the above items on line 6. State income tax rate Line 7. State income tax rate   Enter zero if you claimed the standard deduction or the amounts on lines 3 through 5 are zero. State income tax rate Otherwise, use lines 11 through 33 of the worksheet to figure the amount to enter on this line. State income tax rate Complete only those sections that apply to you. State income tax rate Estates and trusts. State income tax rate   Enter zero on line 7 if you did not claim any miscellaneous deductions on Form 1041, line 15c, or a casualty or theft loss. State income tax rate Otherwise, refigure these deductions by substituting modified adjusted gross income (see below ) for adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Subtract the recomputed deductions from those claimed on the return. State income tax rate Enter the result on line 7. State income tax rate Modified adjusted gross income. State income tax rate   To refigure miscellaneous itemized deductions of an estate or trust (Form 1041, line 15c), modified adjusted gross income is the total of the following amounts. State income tax rate The adjusted gross income on the return. State income tax rate The amounts from lines 3 through 5 of the worksheet. State income tax rate The exemption amount from Form 1041, line 20. State income tax rate The NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years. State income tax rate   To refigure the casualty and theft loss deduction of an estate or trust, modified adjusted gross income is the total of the following amounts. State income tax rate The adjusted gross income amount you used to figure the deduction claimed on the return. State income tax rate The amounts from lines 3 through 5 of the worksheet. State income tax rate The NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years. State income tax rate Line 11. State income tax rate   Treat your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years as a positive amount. State income tax rate Add it to your adjusted gross income. State income tax rate Enter the result on line 11. State income tax rate Line 20. State income tax rate   Is your modified adjusted gross income from line 13 of this worksheet more than $100,000 ($50,000 if married filing separately)?   □ Yes. State income tax rate Your deduction is limited. State income tax rate Refigure your deduction using the Mortgage Insurance Premiums Deduction Worksheet in the 2013 Instructions for Form 1045. State income tax rate On line 2 of the Mortgage Insurance Premiums Deduction Worksheet, enter the amount from line 13 of this worksheet. State income tax rate   □ No. State income tax rate Your deduction is not limited. State income tax rate Enter the amount from line 19 on line 20 and enter -0- on line 21. State income tax rate Line 23. State income tax rate   If you had a contributions carryover from 2012 to 2013 and your NOL deduction includes an amount from an NOL year before 2012, you may have to reduce your contributions carryover. State income tax rate Reduce the contributions carryover by the amount of any adjustment you made to your 2012 charitable contributions deduction when figuring your NOL carryover to 2013. State income tax rate Use the reduced contributions carryover to figure the amount to enter on line 23. State income tax rate Please click here for the text description of the image. State income tax rate Worksheet for NOL Carryover Worksheet for NOL Carryover (Continued) How To Get Tax Help Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. State income tax rate Free help with your tax return. State income tax rate   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. State income tax rate The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. State income tax rate The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. State income tax rate Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. State income tax rate In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. State income tax rate To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. State income tax rate gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. State income tax rate   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. State income tax rate To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. State income tax rate aarp. State income tax rate org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. State income tax rate For more information on these programs, go to IRS. State income tax rate gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. State income tax rate Internet. State income tax rate    IRS. State income tax rate gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. State income tax rate Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. State income tax rate Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. State income tax rate Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. State income tax rate gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. State income tax rate The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. State income tax rate Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. State income tax rate You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. State income tax rate The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. State income tax rate Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. State income tax rate No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. State income tax rate The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. State income tax rate When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. State income tax rate New subject areas are added on a regular basis. State income tax rate  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. State income tax rate gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. State income tax rate You can use the IRS Tax Map to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. State income tax rate The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. State income tax rate When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. State income tax rate Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. State income tax rate You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. State income tax rate Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. State income tax rate gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. State income tax rate Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. State income tax rate Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. State income tax rate Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. State income tax rate If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. State income tax rate Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. State income tax rate gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. State income tax rate You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. State income tax rate It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. State income tax rate Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. State income tax rate gov. State income tax rate Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. State income tax rate gov for more information. State income tax rate Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. State income tax rate Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. State income tax rate gov. State income tax rate Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. State income tax rate Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. State income tax rate gov. State income tax rate Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. State income tax rate gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. State income tax rate Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. State income tax rate Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. State income tax rate gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. State income tax rate An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. State income tax rate Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. State income tax rate gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. State income tax rate If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. State income tax rate Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. State income tax rate Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). State income tax rate Go to IRS. State income tax rate gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. State income tax rate Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. State income tax rate Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. State income tax rate Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. State income tax rate Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. State income tax rate gov and choose from a variety of options. State income tax rate Phone. State income tax rate    You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. State income tax rate Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. State income tax rate Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. State income tax rate gov, or download the IRS2Go app. State income tax rate Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. State income tax rate The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. State income tax rate Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. State income tax rate Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. State income tax rate Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. State income tax rate Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. State income tax rate If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. State income tax rate The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. State income tax rate Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. State income tax rate Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. State income tax rate The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. State income tax rate Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. State income tax rate Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. State income tax rate Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. State income tax rate You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. State income tax rate It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. State income tax rate Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). State income tax rate You should receive your order within 10 business days. State income tax rate Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. State income tax rate If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. State income tax rate Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. State income tax rate The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. State income tax rate These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. State income tax rate Walk-in. State income tax rate   You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in person. State income tax rate Products. State income tax rate You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. State income tax rate Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. State income tax rate Services. State income tax rate You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. State income tax rate An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. State income tax rate Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. State income tax rate gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. State income tax rate Mail. State income tax rate   You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. State income tax rate You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. State income tax rate Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. State income tax rate Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. State income tax rate The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. State income tax rate Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. State income tax rate   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. State income tax rate We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. State income tax rate You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. State income tax rate You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. State income tax rate   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. State income tax rate Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. State income tax rate Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. State income tax rate Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. State income tax rate We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. State income tax rate   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. State income tax rate   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. State income tax rate If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. State income tax rate Low Income Taxpayer Clinics Low Income