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Self Employment Taxes

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Self Employment Taxes

Self employment taxes 29. Self employment taxes   Limit on Itemized Deductions Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Are You Subject to the Limit? Which Itemized Deductions Are Limited? Which Itemized Deductions Are Not Limited? How Do You Figure the Limit?Example. Self employment taxes Introduction This chapter discusses the overall limit on itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Self employment taxes The following topics are included. Self employment taxes Who is subject to the limit. Self employment taxes Which itemized deductions are limited. Self employment taxes How to figure the limit. Self employment taxes Useful Items - You may want to see: Forms (and Instructions) Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions Are You Subject to the Limit? You are subject to the limit on certain itemized deductions if your adjusted gross income (AGI) is more than $300,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $275,000 if head of household, $250,000 if single, or $150,000 if married filing separately. Self employment taxes Your AGI is the amount on Form 1040, line 38. Self employment taxes Which Itemized Deductions Are Limited? The following Schedule A (Form 1040) deductions are subject to the overall limit on itemized deductions. Self employment taxes Taxes paid—line 9 Interest paid—lines 10, 11, 12, and 13 Gifts to charity—line 19 Job expenses and certain miscellaneous deductions—line 27 Other miscellaneous deductions—line 28, excluding gambling and casualty or theft losses. Self employment taxes . Self employment taxes Which Itemized Deductions Are Not Limited? The following Schedule A (Form 1040) deductions are not subject to the overall limit on itemized deductions. Self employment taxes However, they are still subject to other applicable limits. Self employment taxes Medical and dental expenses—line 4. Self employment taxes Investment interest expense—line 14. Self employment taxes Casualty and theft losses of personal use property—line 20. Self employment taxes Casualty and theft losses of income-producing property—line 28. Self employment taxes Gambling losses—line 28. Self employment taxes How Do You Figure the Limit? If your itemized deductions are subject to the limit, the total of all your itemized deductions is reduced by the smaller of: 80% of your itemized deductions that are affected by the limit. Self employment taxes See Which Itemized Deductions Are Limited , earlier, or 3% of the amount by which your AGI exceeds $300,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $275,000 if head of household, $250,000 if single, or $150,000 if married filing separately. Self employment taxes Before you figure the overall limit on itemized deductions, you first must complete Schedule A (Form 1040), lines 1 through 28, including any related forms (such as Form 2106, Form 4684, etc. Self employment taxes ). Self employment taxes The overall limit on itemized deductions is figured after you have applied any other limit on the allowance of any itemized deduction. Self employment taxes These other limits include charitable contribution limits (chapter 24), the limit on certain meal and entertainment expenses (chapter 26), and the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit on certain miscellaneous deductions (chapter 28). Self employment taxes Itemized Deductions Worksheet. Self employment taxes   After you have completed Schedule A (Form 1040) through line 28, you can use the Itemized Deductions Worksheet in the Instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040) to figure your limit. Self employment taxes Enter the result on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 29. Self employment taxes Keep the worksheet for your records. Self employment taxes    You should compare the amount of your standard deduction to the amount of your itemized deductions after applying the limit. Self employment taxes Use the greater amount when completing Form 1040, line 40. Self employment taxes See chapter 20 for information on how to figure your standard deduction. Self employment taxes Example. Self employment taxes For tax year 2013 Bill and Terry Willow are filing a joint return on Form 1040. Self employment taxes Their adjusted gross income on line 38 is $325,500. Self employment taxes Their Schedule A itemized deductions are as follows: Taxes paid—line 9 $17,900 Interest paid—lines 10, 11, 12, and 13 45,000 Investment interest expense—line 14 41,000 Gifts to charity—line 19 21,000 Job expenses—line 27 17,240 Total $142,140 The Willows’ investment interest expense deduction ($41,000 from Schedule A (Form 1040), line 14) is not subject to the overall limit on itemized deductions. Self employment taxes The Willows use the Itemized Deductions Worksheet in the Schedule A (Form 1040) instructions to figure their overall limit. Self employment taxes Of their $142,140 total itemized deductions, the Willows can deduct only $141,375 ($142,140 - $765). Self employment taxes They enter $141,375 on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 29. Self employment taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Self Employment Taxes

Self employment taxes 5. Self employment taxes   Figuring Your Tax Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Tax Year Identification NumberF-1 and M-1 visa holders. Self employment taxes J-1 visa holders. Self employment taxes Filing StatusResident Aliens Nonresident Aliens Reporting Your Income DeductionsResident Aliens Nonresident Aliens ExemptionsResident Aliens Nonresident Aliens Itemized DeductionsResident Aliens Nonresident Aliens Tax Credits and PaymentsResident Aliens Nonresident Aliens Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa or Puerto Rico Introduction After you have determined your alien status, the source of your income, and if and how that income is taxed in the United States, your next step is to figure your tax. Self employment taxes The information in this chapter is not as comprehensive for resident aliens as it is for nonresident aliens. Self employment taxes Resident aliens should get publications, forms, and instructions for U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens, because the information for filing returns for resident aliens is generally the same as for U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes If you are both a nonresident alien and a resident alien in the same tax year, see chapter 6 for a discussion of dual-status aliens. Self employment taxes Topics - This chapter discusses: Identification numbers, Filing status, Deductions, Exemptions, Tax credits and payments, and Special rules for bona fide residents of American Samoa and Puerto Rico. Self employment taxes Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses 501 Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information 521 Moving Expenses 526 Charitable Contributions 535 Business Expenses 597 Information on the United States–Canada Income Tax Treaty Form (and Instructions) W-7 Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number 1040 U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes Individual Income Tax Return 1040NR U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return 1040NR-EZ U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens With No Dependents 2106 Employee Business Expenses 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses 3903 Moving Expenses 4563 Exclusion of Income for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa 8959 Additional Medicare Tax See chapter 12 for information about getting these publications and forms. Self employment taxes Tax Year You must figure your income and file a tax return on the basis of an annual accounting period called a tax year. Self employment taxes If you have not previously established a fiscal tax year, your tax year is the calendar year. Self employment taxes A calendar year is 12 consecutive months ending on December 31. Self employment taxes If you have previously established a regular fiscal year (12 consecutive months ending on the last day of a month other than December or a 52–53 week year) and are considered to be a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes resident for any calendar year, you will be treated as a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes resident for any part of your fiscal year that falls within that calendar year. Self employment taxes Identification Number A taxpayer identification number must be furnished on returns, statements, and other tax-related documents. Self employment taxes For an individual, this is a social security number (SSN). Self employment taxes If you do not have and are not eligible to get an SSN, you must apply for an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). Self employment taxes An employer identification number (EIN) is required if you are engaged in a trade or business as a sole proprietor and have employees or a qualified retirement plan. Self employment taxes You must furnish a taxpayer identification number if you are: An alien who has income effectively connected with the conduct of a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business at any time during the year, An alien who has a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes office or place of business at any time during the year, A nonresident alien spouse treated as a resident, as discussed in chapter 1, or Any other alien who files a tax return, an amended return, or a refund claim (but not information returns). Self employment taxes Social security number (SSN). Self employment taxes   Generally, you can get an SSN if you have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence or under other immigration categories that authorize U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes employment. Self employment taxes   To apply for this number, get Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card, from your local Social Security Administration (SSA) office or call the SSA at 1-800-772-1213. Self employment taxes You can also download Form SS-5 from the SSA's website at www. Self employment taxes socialsecurity. Self employment taxes gov/ssnumber/ss5. Self employment taxes htm. Self employment taxes You must visit an SSA office in person and submit your Form SS-5 along with original documentation showing your age, identity, immigration status, and authority to work in the United States. Self employment taxes Generally, you will receive your card about 2 weeks after the SSA has all of the necessary information. Self employment taxes F-1 and M-1 visa holders. Self employment taxes    If you are an F-1 or M-1 student, you must also show your Form I-20. Self employment taxes For more information, see SSA Publication 05-10181, International Students and Social Security Numbers, available online at www. Self employment taxes socialsecurity. Self employment taxes gov/pubs/10181. Self employment taxes html. Self employment taxes J-1 visa holders. Self employment taxes   If you are a J-1 exchange visitor, you will also need to show your Form DS-2019. Self employment taxes For more information, see SSA Publication 05-10107, Foreign Workers and Social Security Numbers, available online at www. Self employment taxes socialsecurity. Self employment taxes gov/pubs/10107. Self employment taxes html. Self employment taxes Individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). Self employment taxes   If you do not have and are not eligible to get an SSN, you must apply for an ITIN. Self employment taxes For details on how to do so, see Form W-7 and its instructions. Self employment taxes Allow 6 to 10 weeks for the IRS to notify you of your ITIN. Self employment taxes If you already have an ITIN, enter it wherever an SSN is required on your tax return. Self employment taxes   An ITIN is for tax use only. Self employment taxes It does not entitle you to social security benefits or change your employment or immigration status under U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes law. Self employment taxes   In addition to those aliens who are required to furnish a taxpayer identification number and are not eligible for an SSN, a Form W-7 must be filed for: Alien individuals who are claimed as dependents and are not eligible for an SSN, and Alien spouses who are claimed as exemptions and are not eligible for an SSN. Self employment taxes Employer identification number (EIN). Self employment taxes   An individual may use an SSN (or ITIN) for individual taxes and an EIN for business taxes. Self employment taxes To apply for an EIN, file Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number, with the IRS. Self employment taxes Filing Status The amount of your tax depends on your filing status. Self employment taxes Your filing status is important in determining whether you can take certain deductions and credits. Self employment taxes The rules for determining your filing status are different for resident aliens and nonresident aliens. Self employment taxes Resident Aliens Resident aliens can use the same filing statuses available to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes See your form instructions or Publication 501 for more information on filing status. Self employment taxes Married filing jointly. Self employment taxes   Generally, you can file as married filing jointly only if both you and your spouse were resident aliens for the entire tax year, or if you make one of the choices discussed in chapter 1 to treat your spouse as a resident alien for the entire tax year. Self employment taxes Qualifying widow(er). Self employment taxes   If your spouse died in 2011 or 2012, you did not remarry before the end of 2013, and you have a dependent child living with you, you may qualify to file as a qualifying widow(er) and use the joint return tax rates. Self employment taxes This applies only if you could have filed a joint return with your spouse for the year your spouse died. Self employment taxes Head of household. Self employment taxes   You can qualify as head of household if you are unmarried or considered unmarried on the last day of the year and you pay more than half the cost of keeping up a home for you and a qualifying person. Self employment taxes You must be a resident alien for the entire tax year. Self employment taxes   You are considered unmarried for this purpose if your spouse was a nonresident alien at any time during the year and you do not make one of the choices discussed in chapter 1 to treat your spouse as a resident alien for the entire tax year. Self employment taxes Note. Self employment taxes   Even if you are considered unmarried for head of household purposes because you are married to a nonresident alien, you may still be considered married for purposes of the earned income credit. Self employment taxes In that case, you will not be entitled to the credit. Self employment taxes See Publication 596 for more information. Self employment taxes Nonresident Aliens If you are a nonresident alien filing Form 1040NR, you may be able to use one of the filing statuses discussed later. Self employment taxes If you are filing Form 1040NR-EZ, you can only claim “Single nonresident alien” or “Married nonresident alien” as your filing status. Self employment taxes Married nonresident alien. Self employment taxes   Married nonresident aliens who are not married to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens or residents generally must use the Tax Table column or the Tax Computation Worksheet for married filing separate returns when determining the tax on income effectively connected with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes Exceptions. Self employment taxes   Married nonresident aliens normally cannot use the Tax Table column or the Tax Computation Worksheet for single individuals. Self employment taxes However, you may be able to file as single if you lived apart from your spouse during the last 6 months of the year and you are a married resident of Canada, Mexico, South Korea, or are a married U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes national. Self employment taxes See the instructions for Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ to see if you qualify. Self employment taxes U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes national is defined later in this section under Qualifying widow(er) . Self employment taxes   A nonresident alien generally cannot file as married filing jointly. Self employment taxes However, a nonresident alien who is married to a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or resident can choose to be treated as a resident and file a joint return on Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040EZ. Self employment taxes For information on these choices, see chapter 1. Self employment taxes If you do not make the choice to file jointly, file Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ and use the Tax Table column or the Tax Computation Worksheet for married individuals filing separately. Self employment taxes Qualifying widow(er). Self employment taxes   You may be eligible to file as a qualifying widow(er) and use the joint return tax rates if all of the following conditions apply. Self employment taxes You were a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea, or a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes national (defined later). Self employment taxes Your spouse died in 2011 or 2012 and you did not remarry before the end of 2013. Self employment taxes You have a dependent child living with you. Self employment taxes See the instructions for Form 1040NR for the rules for filing as a qualifying widow(er) with a dependent child. Self employment taxes   A U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes national is an individual who, although not a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen, owes his or her allegiance to the United States. Self employment taxes U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes nationals include American Samoans and Northern Mariana Islanders who chose to become U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes nationals instead of U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes Head of household. Self employment taxes   You cannot file as head of household if you are a nonresident alien at any time during the tax year. Self employment taxes However, if you are married, your spouse can qualify as a head of household if: Your spouse is a resident alien or U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen for the entire tax year, You do not choose to be treated as a resident alien, and Your spouse meets the other requirements for this filing status, as discussed earlier under Resident Aliens . Self employment taxes Note. Self employment taxes   Even if your spouse is considered unmarried for head of household purposes because you are a nonresident alien, your spouse may still be considered married for purposes of the earned income credit. Self employment taxes In that case, your spouse will not be entitled to the credit. Self employment taxes See Publication 596 for more information. Self employment taxes Estates and trusts. Self employment taxes   A nonresident alien estate or trust using Form 1040NR must use Tax Rate Schedule W in the Form 1040NR instructions when determining the tax on income effectively connected with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes Special rules for aliens from certain U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes possessions. Self employment taxes   A nonresident alien who is a bona fide resident of American Samoa or Puerto Rico for the entire tax year and who is temporarily working in the United States should read Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa or Puerto Rico, at the end of this chapter, for information about special rules. Self employment taxes Reporting Your Income You must report each item of income that is taxable according to the rules in chapters 2, 3, and 4. Self employment taxes For resident aliens, this includes income from sources both within and outside the United States. Self employment taxes For nonresident aliens, this includes both income that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States (subject to graduated tax rates) and income from U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes sources that is not effectively connected (subject to a flat 30% tax rate or lower tax treaty rate). Self employment taxes Deductions Resident and nonresident aliens can claim similar deductions on their U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax returns. Self employment taxes However, nonresident aliens generally can claim only deductions related to income that is effectively connected with their U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes Resident Aliens You can claim the same deductions allowed to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens if you are a resident alien for the entire tax year. Self employment taxes While the discussion that follows contains some of the same general rules and guidelines that apply to you, it is specifically directed toward nonresident aliens. Self employment taxes You should get Form 1040 and instructions for more information on how to claim your allowable deductions. Self employment taxes Nonresident Aliens You can claim deductions to figure your effectively connected taxable income. Self employment taxes You generally cannot claim deductions related to income that is not connected with your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes business activities. Self employment taxes Except for personal exemptions, and certain itemized deductions, discussed later, you can claim deductions only to the extent they are connected with your effectively connected income. Self employment taxes Ordinary and necessary business expenses. Self employment taxes   You can deduct all ordinary and necessary expenses in the operation of your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business to the extent they relate to income effectively connected with that trade or business. Self employment taxes The deduction for travel expenses while in the United States is discussed under Itemized Deductions, later. Self employment taxes For information about other business expenses, see Publication 535. Self employment taxes Losses. Self employment taxes   You can deduct losses resulting from transactions that you entered into for profit and that you were not reimbursed for by insurance, etc. Self employment taxes to the extent that they relate to income that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States. Self employment taxes Educator expenses. Self employment taxes   If you were an eligible educator in 2013, you can deduct as an adjustment to income up to $250 in unreimbursed qualified expenses you paid or incurred during 2013 for books, supplies (other than nonathletic supplies for courses of instruction in health or physical education), computer equipment, and other equipment and materials used in the classroom. Self employment taxes For more information, see your tax form instructions. Self employment taxes Individual retirement arrangement (IRA). Self employment taxes   If you made contributions to a traditional IRA for 2013, you may be able to take an IRA deduction. Self employment taxes But you must have taxable compensation effectively connected with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business to do so. Self employment taxes A Form 5498 should be sent to you by May 31, 2014, that shows all contributions to your traditional IRA for 2013. Self employment taxes If you were covered by a retirement plan (qualified pension, profit-sharing (including 401(k)), annuity, SEP, SIMPLE, etc. Self employment taxes ) at work or through self-employment, your IRA deduction may be reduced or eliminated. Self employment taxes But you can still make contributions to a traditional IRA even if you cannot deduct them. Self employment taxes If you made nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA for 2013, you must report them on Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs. Self employment taxes   For more information, see Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs). Self employment taxes Moving expenses. Self employment taxes   If you are a nonresident alien temporarily in the United States earning taxable income for performing personal services, you can deduct moving expenses to the United States if you meet both of the following tests. Self employment taxes You are a full-time employee for at least 39 weeks during the 12 months right after you move, or if you are self-employed, you work full time for at least 39 weeks during the first 12 months and 78 weeks during the first 24 months right after you move. Self employment taxes Your new job location is at least 50 miles farther (by the shortest commonly traveled route) from your former home than your former job location was. Self employment taxes If you had no former job location, the new job location must be at least 50 miles from your former home. Self employment taxes   You cannot deduct the moving expense you have when returning to your home abroad or moving to a foreign job site. Self employment taxes   Figure your deductible moving expenses to the United States on Form 3903, and deduct them on line 26 of Form 1040NR. Self employment taxes   For more information on the moving expense deduction, see Publication 521. Self employment taxes Reimbursements. Self employment taxes   If your employer reimbursed you for allowable moving expenses under an accountable plan, your employer should have excluded these reimbursements from your income. Self employment taxes You can only deduct allowable moving expenses that were not reimbursed by your employer or that were reimbursed but the reimbursement was included in your income. Self employment taxes For more information, see Publication 521. Self employment taxes Moving expense or travel expense. Self employment taxes   If you deduct moving expenses to the United States, you cannot also deduct travel expenses (discussed later under Itemized Deductions) while temporarily away from your tax home in a foreign country. Self employment taxes Moving expenses are based on a change in your principal place of business while travel expenses are based on your temporary absence from your principal place of business. Self employment taxes Self-employed SEP, SIMPLE, and qualified retirement plans. Self employment taxes   If you are self-employed, you may be able to deduct contributions to a SEP, SIMPLE, or qualified retirement plan that provides retirement benefits for yourself and your common-law employees, if any. Self employment taxes To make deductible contributions for yourself, you must have net earnings from self-employment that are effectively connected with your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes   Get Publication 560, Retirement Plans for Small Business (SEP, SIMPLE, and Qualified Plans), for further information. Self employment taxes Penalty on early withdrawal of savings. Self employment taxes   You must include in income all effectively connected interest income you receive or that is credited to your account during the year. Self employment taxes Do not reduce it by any penalty you must pay on an early withdrawal from a time savings account. Self employment taxes However, if the interest income is effectively connected with your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business during the year, you can deduct on line 30 of Form 1040NR the amount of the early withdrawal penalty that the banking institution charged. Self employment taxes Student loan interest expense. Self employment taxes   If you paid interest on a student loan in 2013, you may be able to deduct up to $2,500 of the interest you paid. Self employment taxes Generally, you can claim the deduction if all the following requirements are met. Self employment taxes Your filing status is any filing status except married filing separately. Self employment taxes Your modified adjusted gross income is less than $75,000. Self employment taxes No one else is claiming an exemption for you on his or her 2013 tax return. Self employment taxes You paid interest on a loan taken out only to pay tuition and other qualified higher education expenses for yourself, your spouse, someone who was your dependent when the loan was taken out, or someone you could have claimed as a dependent for the year the loan was taken out except that: The person filed a joint return, The person had gross income that was equal to or more than the exemption amount for that year ($3,900 for 2013), or You could be claimed as a dependent on someone else's return. Self employment taxes The loan is not from a related person or a person who borrowed the proceeds under a qualified employer plan or a contract purchased under such a plan. Self employment taxes The education expenses were paid or incurred within a reasonable period of time before or after the loan was taken out. Self employment taxes The person for whom the expenses were paid or incurred was an eligible student. Self employment taxes Use the worksheet in the Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ instructions to figure the deduction. Self employment taxes For more information, see Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education. Self employment taxes Exemptions Resident aliens can claim personal exemptions and exemptions for dependents in the same way as U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes However, nonresident aliens generally can claim only a personal exemption for themselves on their U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax return. Self employment taxes Resident Aliens You can claim personal exemptions and exemptions for dependents according to the dependency rules for U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes You can claim an exemption for your spouse on a separate return if your spouse had no gross income for U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax purposes and was not the dependent of another taxpayer. Self employment taxes You can claim this exemption even if your spouse has not been a resident alien for a full tax year or is an alien who has not come to the United States. Self employment taxes You can claim an exemption for each person who qualifies as a dependent according to the rules for U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes The dependent must be a citizen or national (defined earlier) of the United States or be a resident of the United States, Canada, or Mexico for some part of the calendar year in which your tax year begins. Self employment taxes Get Publication 501 for more information. Self employment taxes Your spouse and each dependent for whom you claim an exemption must have either an SSN or an ITIN. Self employment taxes See Identification Number, earlier. Self employment taxes Nonresident Aliens Generally, if you are a nonresident alien engaged in a trade or business in the United States, you can claim only one personal exemption ($3,900 for 2013). Self employment taxes You may be able to claim an exemption for a spouse and a dependent if you are described in any of the following discussions. Self employment taxes Your spouse and each dependent for whom you claim an exemption must have either an SSN or an ITIN. Self employment taxes See Identification Number, earlier. Self employment taxes Residents of Mexico or Canada or U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes nationals. Self employment taxes   If you are a resident of Mexico or Canada or a national of the United States (defined earlier), you can also claim a personal exemption for your spouse if your spouse had no gross income for U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax purposes and cannot be claimed as the dependent on another U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes taxpayer's return. Self employment taxes In addition, you can claim exemptions for your dependents who meet certain tests. Self employment taxes Residents of Mexico, Canada, or nationals of the United States must use the same rules as U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens to determine who is a dependent and for which dependents exemptions can be claimed. Self employment taxes See Publication 501 for these rules. Self employment taxes For purposes of these rules, dependents who are U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes nationals meet the citizenship test discussed in Publication 501. Self employment taxes Residents of South Korea. Self employment taxes   Nonresident aliens who are residents of South Korea may be able to claim exemptions for a spouse and children. Self employment taxes The income tax treaty with South Korea imposes two additional requirements on South Korean residents: The spouse and all children claimed must live with the alien in the United States at some time during the tax year, and The additional deduction for the exemptions must be prorated based on the ratio of the alien's U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes source gross income effectively connected with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business for the tax year to the alien's entire income from all sources during the tax year. Self employment taxes Example. Self employment taxes Mr. Self employment taxes Park, a nonresident alien who is a resident of South Korea, lives temporarily in the United States with his wife and two children. Self employment taxes During the tax year he receives U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes compensation of $18,000. Self employment taxes He also receives $6,000 of income from sources outside the United States that is not effectively connected with his U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes Thus, his total income for the year is $24,000. Self employment taxes Mr. Self employment taxes Park meets all requirements for claiming exemptions for his spouse and two children. Self employment taxes The additional deduction for 2013 is $8,775 figured as follows: $18,000 $24,000 × $11,700* = $8,775               *3 × $3,900 = $11,700   Students and business apprentices from India. Self employment taxes   Students and business apprentices who are eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States–India Income Tax Treaty may be able to claim exemptions for their spouse and dependents. Self employment taxes   You can claim an exemption for your spouse if he or she had no gross income during the year and cannot be claimed as a dependent on another U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes taxpayer's return. Self employment taxes   You can claim exemptions for each of your dependents not admitted to the United States on “F-2,” “J-2,” or “M-2” visas if they meet the same rules that apply to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes See Publication 501 for these rules. Self employment taxes   List your spouse and dependents on line 7c of Form 1040NR. Self employment taxes Enter the total on the appropriate line to the right of line 7c. Self employment taxes Itemized Deductions Nonresident aliens can claim some of the same itemized deductions that resident aliens can claim. Self employment taxes However, nonresident aliens can claim itemized deductions only if they have income effectively connected with their U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes Resident Aliens You can claim the same itemized deductions as U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens, using Schedule A of Form 1040. Self employment taxes These deductions include certain medical and dental expenses, state and local income taxes, real estate taxes, interest you paid on a home mortgage, charitable contributions, casualty and theft losses, and miscellaneous deductions. Self employment taxes If you do not itemize your deductions, you can claim the standard deduction for your particular filing status. Self employment taxes For further information, see Form 1040 and instructions. Self employment taxes Nonresident Aliens You can deduct certain itemized deductions if you receive income effectively connected with your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes These deductions include state and local income taxes, charitable contributions to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes organizations, casualty and theft losses, and miscellaneous deductions. Self employment taxes Use Schedule A of Form 1040NR to claim itemized deductions. Self employment taxes If you are filing Form 1040NR-EZ, you can only claim a deduction for state or local income taxes. Self employment taxes If you are claiming any other itemized deduction, you must file Form 1040NR. Self employment taxes Standard deduction. Self employment taxes   Nonresident aliens cannot claim the standard deduction. Self employment taxes However, see Students and business apprentices from India , next. Self employment taxes Students and business apprentices from India. Self employment taxes   A special rule applies to students and business apprentices who are eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States–India Income Tax Treaty. Self employment taxes You can claim the standard deduction provided you do not claim itemized deductions. Self employment taxes   Use Worksheet 5-1 to figure your standard deduction. Self employment taxes If you are married and your spouse files a return and itemizes deductions, you cannot take the standard deduction. Self employment taxes State and local income taxes. Self employment taxes   You can deduct state and local income taxes you paid on income that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States. Self employment taxes If you received a refund or rebate in 2013 of taxes you paid in an earlier year, do not reduce your deduction by that amount. Self employment taxes Instead, you must include the refund or rebate in income if you deducted the taxes in the earlier year and the deduction reduced your tax. Self employment taxes See Recoveries in Publication 525 for details on how to figure the amount to include in income. Self employment taxes Charitable contributions. Self employment taxes   You can deduct your charitable contributions or gifts to qualified organizations subject to certain limits. Self employment taxes Qualified organizations include organizations that are religious, charitable, educational, scientific, or literary in nature, or that work to prevent cruelty to children or animals. Self employment taxes Certain organizations that promote national or international amateur sports competition are also qualified organizations. Self employment taxes Foreign organizations. Self employment taxes   Contributions made directly to a foreign organization are not deductible. Self employment taxes However, you can deduct contributions to a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes organization that transfers funds to a charitable foreign organization if the U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes organization controls the use of the funds or if the foreign organization is only an administrative arm of the U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes organization. Self employment taxes   For more information about organizations that qualify to receive charitable contributions, see Publication 526, Charitable Contributions. Self employment taxes Worksheet 5-1. Self employment taxes 2013 Standard Deduction Worksheet for Students and Business Apprentices From India Caution. Self employment taxes If you are married filing a separate return and your spouse itemizes deductions, do not complete this worksheet. Self employment taxes You cannot take the standard deduction even if you were born before January 2, 1949, or are blind. Self employment taxes 1 Enter the amount shown below for your filing status. Self employment taxes           Single or married filing separately—$6,100 Qualifying widow(er)—$12,200 1. Self employment taxes           2 Can you be claimed as a dependent on someone else's U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes income tax return?  No. Self employment taxes Enter the amount from line 1 on line 4. Self employment taxes Skip line 3 and go to line 5. Self employment taxes   Yes. Self employment taxes Go to line 3. Self employment taxes         3 Is your earned income* more than $650?           Yes. Self employment taxes Add $350 to your earned income. Self employment taxes Enter the total. Self employment taxes           No. Self employment taxes Enter $1,000 3. Self employment taxes       4 Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 3 4. Self employment taxes   5 If born before January 2, 1949, OR blind, enter $1,200 ($1,500 if single). Self employment taxes If born before January 2, 1949, AND blind, enter $2,400 ($3,000 if single). Self employment taxes Otherwise, enter -0- 5. Self employment taxes   6 Add lines 4 and 5. Self employment taxes Enter the total here and on Form 1040NR, line 38 (or Form 1040NR-EZ, line 11). Self employment taxes Print “Standard Deduction Allowed Under U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes –India Income Tax Treaty” in the space to the left of these lines. Self employment taxes This is your standard deduction for 2013. Self employment taxes 6. Self employment taxes   *Earned income includes wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, and other compensation received for personal services you performed. Self employment taxes It also includes any amount received as a scholarship that you must include in your income. Self employment taxes Generally, your earned income is the total of the amount(s) you reported on Form 1040NR, lines 8,12,13, and 19, minus amounts on lines 27 and 31 (or Form 1040NR-EZ, lines 3 and 5, minus any amount on line 8). Self employment taxes Contributions from which you benefit. Self employment taxes   If you receive a benefit as a result of making a contribution to a qualified organization, you can deduct only the amount of your contribution that is more than the value of the benefit you receive. Self employment taxes   If you pay more than the fair market value to a qualified organization for merchandise, goods, or services, the amount you pay that is more than the value of the item can be a charitable contribution. Self employment taxes For the excess amount to qualify, you must pay it with the intent to make a charitable contribution. Self employment taxes Cash contributions. Self employment taxes   You cannot deduct a cash contribution, regardless of the amount, unless you keep as a record of the contribution a bank record (such as a canceled check, a bank copy of a canceled check, or a bank statement containing the name of the charity, the date, and the amount) or a written record from the charity. Self employment taxes The written record must include the name of the charity, date of the contribution, and the amount of the contribution. Self employment taxes   You may deduct a cash contribution of $250 or more only if you have a written statement from the charitable organization showing: The amount of any money contributed, Whether the organization gave you any goods or services in return for your contribution, and A description and estimate of the value of any goods or services described in (2). Self employment taxes If you received only intangible religious benefits, the organization must state this, but it does not have to describe or value the benefit. Self employment taxes Noncash contributions. Self employment taxes   For contributions not made in cash, the records you must keep depend on the amount of your deduction. Self employment taxes See Publication 526 for details. Self employment taxes For example, if you make a noncash contribution and the amount of your deduction is more than $500, you must complete and attach to your tax return Form 8283, Noncash Charitable Contributions. Self employment taxes If you deduct more than $500 for a contribution of a motor vehicle, boat, or airplane, you must also attach a statement from the charitable organization to your return. Self employment taxes If your total deduction is over $5,000, you also may have to get appraisals of the values of the property. Self employment taxes If the donated property is valued at more than $5,000, you must obtain a qualified appraisal. Self employment taxes You generally must attach to your tax return an appraisal of any property if your deduction for the property is more than $500,000. Self employment taxes See Form 8283 and its instructions for details. Self employment taxes Contributions of appreciated property. Self employment taxes   If you contribute property to a qualified organization, the amount of your charitable contribution is generally the fair market value of the property at the time of the contribution. Self employment taxes However, if you contribute property with a fair market value that is more than your basis in it, you may have to reduce the fair market value by the amount of appreciation (increase in value) when you figure your deduction. Self employment taxes Your basis in the property is generally what you paid for it. Self employment taxes If you need more information about basis, get Publication 551, Basis of Assets. Self employment taxes   Different rules apply to figuring your deduction, depending on whether the property is: Ordinary income property, or Capital gain property. Self employment taxes For information about these rules, see Publication 526. Self employment taxes Limit. Self employment taxes   The amount you can deduct in a tax year is limited in the same way it is for a citizen or resident of the United States. Self employment taxes For a discussion of limits on charitable contributions and other information, get Publication 526. Self employment taxes Casualty and theft losses. Self employment taxes   You can deduct your loss from fire, storm, shipwreck, or other casualty, or theft of property even though your property is not connected with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes The property can be personal use property or income-producing property not connected with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business. Self employment taxes The property must be located in the United States at the time of the casualty or theft. Self employment taxes You can deduct theft losses only in the year in which you discover the loss. Self employment taxes   The amount of the loss is the fair market value of the property immediately before the casualty or theft less its fair market value immediately after the casualty or theft (but not more than its cost or adjusted basis) less any insurance or other reimbursement. Self employment taxes The fair market value of property immediately after a theft is considered zero, because you no longer have the property. Self employment taxes   If your property is covered by insurance, you should file a timely insurance claim for reimbursement. Self employment taxes If you do not, you cannot deduct this loss as a casualty or theft loss. Self employment taxes   Figure your deductible casualty and theft losses on Form 4684, Casualties and Thefts. Self employment taxes Losses from personal use property. Self employment taxes    You cannot deduct the first $100 of each casualty or theft loss to property held for personal use. Self employment taxes You can deduct only the total of these losses for the year (reduced by the $100 limit) that is more than 10% of your adjusted gross income (line 37, Form 1040NR) for the year. Self employment taxes Losses from income-producing property. Self employment taxes   These losses are not subject to the limitations that apply to personal use property. Self employment taxes Use Section B of Form 4684 to figure your deduction for these losses. Self employment taxes Job expenses and other miscellaneous deductions. Self employment taxes   You can deduct job expenses, such as allowable unreimbursed travel expenses (discussed next), and other miscellaneous deductions. Self employment taxes Generally, the allowable deductions must be related to effectively connected income. Self employment taxes Deductible expenses include: Union dues, Safety equipment and small tools needed for your job, Dues to professional organizations, Subscriptions to professional journals, Tax return preparation fees, and Casualty and theft losses of property used in performing services as an employee (employee property). Self employment taxes   Most miscellaneous itemized deductions are deductible only if they are more than 2% of your adjusted gross income (line 37, Form 1040NR). Self employment taxes For more information on miscellaneous deductions, see the instructions for Form 1040NR. Self employment taxes Travel expenses. Self employment taxes   You may be able to deduct your ordinary and necessary travel expenses while you are temporarily performing personal services in the United States. Self employment taxes Generally, a temporary assignment in a single location is one that is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for one year or less. Self employment taxes You must be able to show you were present in the United States on an activity that required your temporary absence from your regular place of work. Self employment taxes   For example, if you have established a “tax home” through regular employment in a foreign country, and intend to return to similar employment in the same country at the end of your temporary stay in the United States, you can deduct reasonable travel expenses you paid. Self employment taxes You cannot deduct travel expenses for other members of your family or party. Self employment taxes Deductible travel expenses. Self employment taxes   If you qualify, you can deduct your expenses for: Transportation—airfare, local transportation, including train, bus, etc. Self employment taxes , Lodging—rent paid, utilities (do not include telephone), hotel or motel room expenses, and Meal expenses—actual expenses allowed if you keep records of the amounts, or, if you do not wish to keep detailed records, you are generally allowed a standard meal allowance amount depending on the date and area of your travel. Self employment taxes You generally can deduct only 50% of unreimbursed meal expenses. Self employment taxes The standard meal allowance rates for high-cost areas are available at www. Self employment taxes gsa. Self employment taxes gov/perdiem. Self employment taxes The rates for other areas are in Publication 463. Self employment taxes   Use Form 2106 or 2106-EZ to figure your allowable expenses that you claim on line 7 of Schedule A (Form 1040NR). Self employment taxes Expenses allocable to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax-exempt income. Self employment taxes   You cannot deduct an expense, or part of an expense, that is allocable to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax-exempt income, including income exempt by tax treaty. Self employment taxes Example. Self employment taxes Irina Oak, a citizen of Poland, resided in the United States for part of the year to acquire business experience from a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes company. Self employment taxes During her stay in the United States, she received a salary of $8,000 from her Polish employer. Self employment taxes She received no other U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes source income. Self employment taxes She spent $3,000 on travel expenses, of which $1,000 were for meals. Self employment taxes None of these expenses were reimbursed. Self employment taxes Under the tax treaty with Poland, $5,000 of her salary is exempt from U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes income tax. Self employment taxes In filling out Form 2106-EZ, she must reduce her deductible meal expenses by half ($500). Self employment taxes She must reduce the remaining $2,500 of travel expenses by 62. Self employment taxes 5% ($1,563) because 62. Self employment taxes 5% ($5,000 ÷ $8,000) of her salary is exempt from tax. Self employment taxes She enters the remaining total of $937 on line 7 of Schedule A (Form 1040NR). Self employment taxes She completes the remaining lines according to the instructions for Schedule A. Self employment taxes More information. Self employment taxes   For more information about deductible expenses, reimbursements, and recordkeeping, get Publication 463. Self employment taxes Tax Credits and Payments This discussion covers tax credits and payments for resident aliens, followed by a discussion of the credits and payments for nonresident aliens. Self employment taxes Resident Aliens Resident aliens generally claim tax credits and report tax payments, including withholding, using the same rules that apply to U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizens. Self employment taxes The following items are some of the credits you may be able to claim. Self employment taxes Foreign tax credit. Self employment taxes   You can claim a credit, subject to certain limits, for income tax you paid or accrued to a foreign country on foreign source income. Self employment taxes You cannot claim a credit for taxes paid or accrued on excluded foreign earned income. Self employment taxes To claim a credit for income taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country, you generally will file Form 1116, Foreign Tax Credit (Individual, Estate, or Trust), with your Form 1040. Self employment taxes   For more information, get Publication 514, Foreign Tax Credit for Individuals. Self employment taxes Child and dependent care credit. Self employment taxes   You may be able to take this credit if you pay someone to care for your qualifying child who is under age 13, or your disabled dependent or disabled spouse, so that you can work or look for work. Self employment taxes Generally, you must be able to claim an exemption for your dependent. Self employment taxes   For more information, get Publication 503, Child and Dependent Care Expenses, and Form 2441, Child and Dependent Care Expenses. Self employment taxes Credit for the elderly or the disabled. Self employment taxes   You may qualify for this credit if you are 65 or older or if you retired on permanent and total disability. Self employment taxes For more information on this credit, get Publication 524, Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled, and Schedule R (Form 1040A or 1040). Self employment taxes Education credits. Self employment taxes   You may qualify for these credits if you paid qualified education expenses for yourself, your spouse, or your dependent. Self employment taxes There are two education credits: the American Opportunity Credit and the lifetime learning credit. Self employment taxes You cannot claim these credits if you are married filing separately. Self employment taxes Use Form 8863, Education Credits (American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits), to figure the credit. Self employment taxes For more information, see Publication 970. Self employment taxes Retirement savings contributions credit. Self employment taxes   You may qualify for this credit (also known as the saver's credit) if you made eligible contributions to an employer-sponsored retirement plan or to an individual retirement arrangement (IRA) in 2013. Self employment taxes You cannot claim this credit if: You were born after January 1, 1996, You were a full-time student, Your exemption is claimed by someone else on his or her 2013 tax return, or Your adjusted gross income is more than: $59,000, if your filing status is married filing jointly, $44,250, if your filing status is head of household, or $29,500, if your filing status is single, married filing separately, or qualifying widow(er). Self employment taxes Use Form 8880, Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings Contributions, to figure the credit. Self employment taxes For more information, see Publication 590. Self employment taxes Child tax credit. Self employment taxes   You may be able to take this credit if you have a qualifying child. Self employment taxes   A qualifying child for purposes of the child tax credit is a child who: Was under age 17 at the end of 2013. Self employment taxes Is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew). Self employment taxes Is a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen, a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes national, or a resident alien. Self employment taxes Did not provide over half of his or her own support for 2013. Self employment taxes Lived with you more than half of 2013. Self employment taxes Temporary absences, such as for school, vacation, or medical care, count as time lived in the home. Self employment taxes Is claimed as a dependent on your return. Self employment taxes An adopted child is always treated as your own child. Self employment taxes An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Self employment taxes   See your form instructions for additional details. Self employment taxes Adoption credit. Self employment taxes   You may qualify to take a tax credit of up to $12,970 for qualifying expenses paid to adopt an eligible child. Self employment taxes This amount may be allowed for the adoption of a child with special needs regardless of whether you have qualifying expenses. Self employment taxes To claim the adoption credit, file Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses, with your Form 1040. Self employment taxes Earned income credit. Self employment taxes   You may qualify for an earned income credit of up to $3,250 if a child lived with you in the United States and your earned income and adjusted gross income were each less than $37,870 ($43,210 if married filing jointly). Self employment taxes If two children lived with you in the United States and your earned income and adjusted gross income were each less than $43,038 ($48,378 if married filing jointly), your credit could be as much as $5,372. Self employment taxes If three or more children lived with you in the United States and your earned income and adjusted gross income were each less than $46,227 ($51,567 if married filing jointly), your credit could be as much as $6,044. Self employment taxes If you do not have a qualifying child and your earned income and adjusted gross income were each less than $14,340 ($19,680 if married filing jointly), your credit could be as much as $487. Self employment taxes You cannot claim the earned income credit if your filing status is married filing separately. Self employment taxes    You and your spouse (if filing a joint return) and any qualifying child must have valid SSNs to claim this credit. Self employment taxes You cannot claim the credit using an ITIN. Self employment taxes If a social security card has a legend that says Not Valid for Employment and the number was issued so that you (or your spouse or your qualifying child) could receive a federally funded benefit, you cannot claim the earned income credit. Self employment taxes An example of a federally funded benefit is Medicaid. Self employment taxes If a card has this legend and the individual's immigration status has changed so that the individual is now a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or lawful permanent resident, ask the SSA to issue a new social security card without the legend. Self employment taxes Other information. Self employment taxes   There are other eligibility rules that are not discussed here. Self employment taxes For more information, get Publication 596, Earned Income Credit. Self employment taxes Nonresident Aliens You can claim some of the same credits that resident aliens can claim. Self employment taxes You can also report certain taxes you paid, are considered to have paid, or that were withheld from your income. Self employment taxes Credits Credits are allowed only if you receive effectively connected income. Self employment taxes You may be able to claim some of the following credits. Self employment taxes Foreign tax credit. Self employment taxes   If you receive foreign source income that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States, you can claim a credit for any income taxes paid or accrued to any foreign country or U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes possession on that income. Self employment taxes   If you do not have foreign source income effectively connected with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes trade or business, you cannot claim credits against your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax for taxes paid or accrued to a foreign country or U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes possession. Self employment taxes   You cannot take any credit for taxes imposed by a foreign country or U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes possession on your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes source income if those taxes were imposed only because you are a citizen or resident of the foreign country or possession. Self employment taxes   If you claim a foreign tax credit, you generally will have to attach to your return a Form 1116. Self employment taxes See Publication 514 for more information. Self employment taxes Child and dependent care credit. Self employment taxes   You may qualify for this credit if you pay someone to care for your qualifying child who is under age 13, or your disabled dependent or disabled spouse, so that you can work or look for work. Self employment taxes Generally, you must be able to claim an exemption for your dependent. Self employment taxes   Married nonresident aliens can claim the credit only if they choose to file a joint return with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or resident spouse as discussed in chapter 1, or if they qualify as certain married individuals living apart (see Joint Return Test in Publication 503). Self employment taxes   The amount of your child and dependent care expense that qualifies for the credit in any tax year cannot be more than your earned income from the United States for that tax year. Self employment taxes Earned income generally means wages, salaries, and professional fees for personal services performed. Self employment taxes   For more information, get Publication 503. Self employment taxes Education credits. Self employment taxes   If you are a nonresident alien for any part of the year, you generally cannot claim the education credits. Self employment taxes However, if you are married and choose to file a joint return with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or resident spouse as discussed in chapter 1, you may be eligible for these credits. Self employment taxes Retirement savings contributions credit. Self employment taxes   You may qualify for this credit (also known as the saver's credit) if you made eligible contributions to an employer-sponsored retirement plan or to an individual retirement arrangement (IRA) in 2013. Self employment taxes You cannot claim this credit if: You were born after January 1, 1996, You were a full-time student, Your exemption is claimed by someone else on his or her 2013 tax return, or Your adjusted gross income is more than $29,500. Self employment taxes Use Form 8880 to figure the credit. Self employment taxes For more information, see Publication 590. Self employment taxes Child tax credit. Self employment taxes   You may be able to take this credit if you have a qualifying child. Self employment taxes   A qualifying child for purposes of the child tax credit is a child who: Was under age 17 at the end of 2013. Self employment taxes Is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew). Self employment taxes Is a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen, a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes national, or a resident alien. Self employment taxes Did not provide over half of his or her own support for 2013. Self employment taxes Lived with you more than half of 2013. Self employment taxes Temporary absences, such as for school, vacation, or medical care, count as time lived in the home. Self employment taxes Is claimed as a dependent on your return. Self employment taxes An adopted child is always treated as your own child. Self employment taxes An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Self employment taxes   See your form instructions for additional details. Self employment taxes Adoption credit. Self employment taxes   You may qualify to take a tax credit of up to $12,970 for qualifying expenses paid to adopt an eligible child. Self employment taxes This amount may be allowed for the adoption of a child with special needs regardless of whether you have qualifying expenses. Self employment taxes To claim the adoption credit, file Form 8839 with your Form 1040NR. Self employment taxes   Married nonresident aliens can claim the credit only if they choose to file a joint return with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or resident spouse as discussed in chapter 1, or if they qualify as certain married individuals living apart (see Married Persons Not Filing Jointly in the Form 8839 instructions). Self employment taxes Credit for prior year minimum tax. Self employment taxes   If you paid alternative minimum tax in a prior year, get Form 8801, Credit for Prior Year Minimum Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, to see if you qualify for this credit. Self employment taxes Earned income credit. Self employment taxes   If you are a nonresident alien for any part of the tax year, you generally cannot get the earned income credit. Self employment taxes However, if you are married and choose to file a joint return with a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or resident spouse as discussed in chapter 1, you may be eligible for the credit. Self employment taxes    You, your spouse, and any qualifying child must have valid SSNs to claim this credit. Self employment taxes You cannot claim the credit using an ITIN. Self employment taxes If a social security card has a legend that says Not Valid for Employment and the number was issued so that you (or your spouse or your qualifying child) could receive a federally funded benefit, you cannot claim the earned income credit. Self employment taxes An example of a federally funded benefit is Medicaid. Self employment taxes If a card has this legend and the individual's immigration status has changed so that the individual is now a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or lawful permanent resident, ask the SSA to issue a new social security card without the legend. Self employment taxes   See Publication 596 for more information on the credit. Self employment taxes Tax Withheld You can claim the tax withheld during the year as a payment against your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes tax. Self employment taxes You claim it on line 61 of Form 1040NR or on line 18 of Form 1040NR-EZ. Self employment taxes The tax withheld reduces any tax you owe with Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ. Self employment taxes Withholding from wages. Self employment taxes   Any federal income tax withheld from your wages during the tax year while you were a nonresident alien is allowed as a payment against your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes income tax liability for the same year. Self employment taxes You can claim the income tax withheld whether or not you were engaged in a trade or business in the United States during the year, and whether or not the wages (or any other income) were connected with a trade or business in the United States. Self employment taxes Excess social security tax withheld. Self employment taxes   If you have two or more employers, you may be able to claim a credit against your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes income tax liability for social security tax withheld in excess of the maximum required. Self employment taxes See Social Security and Medicare Taxes in chapter 8 for more information. Self employment taxes Additional Medicare Tax. Self employment taxes   Your employer is responsible for withholding the 0. Self employment taxes 9% Additional Medicare Tax on Medicare wages or RRTA compensation it pays to you in excess of $200,000 in 2013. Self employment taxes If you do not owe Additional Medicare Tax, you can claim a credit for any withheld Additional Medicare Tax against the total tax liability shown on your tax return by filing Form 8959. Self employment taxes Tax paid on undistributed long-term capital gains. Self employment taxes   If you are a shareholder in a mutual fund (or other regulated investment company) or real estate investment trust, you can claim a credit for your share of any taxes paid by the company on its undistributed long-term capital gains. Self employment taxes You will receive information on Form 2439, Notice to Shareholder of Undistributed Long-Term Capital Gains, which you must attach to your return. Self employment taxes Tax withheld at the source. Self employment taxes   You can claim as a payment any tax withheld at the source on investment and other fixed or determinable annual or periodic income paid to you. Self employment taxes Fixed or determinable income includes interest, dividend, rental, and royalty income that you do not claim to be effectively connected income. Self employment taxes Wage or salary payments can be fixed or determinable income to you, but usually are subject to withholding as discussed above. Self employment taxes Taxes on fixed or determinable income are withheld at a 30% rate or at a lower treaty rate. Self employment taxes Tax withheld on partnership income. Self employment taxes   If you are a foreign partner in a partnership, the partnership will withhold tax on your share of effectively connected taxable income from the partnership. Self employment taxes The partnership will give you a statement on Form 8805, Foreign Partner's Information Statement of Section 1446 Withholding Tax, showing the tax withheld. Self employment taxes A partnership that is publicly traded may withhold on your actual distributions of effectively connected income. Self employment taxes In this case, the partnership will give you a statement on Form 1042-S. Self employment taxes Claim the tax withheld as a payment on line 61b or 61d of Form 1040NR, as appropriate. Self employment taxes Claiming tax withheld on your return. Self employment taxes   When you fill out your tax return, take extra care to enter the correct amount of any tax withheld shown on your information documents. Self employment taxes The following table lists some of the more common information documents and shows where to find the amount of tax withheld. Self employment taxes Form number Location  of tax  withheld RRB-1042S Box 12 SSA-1042S Box 9 W-2 Box 2 W-2c Box 2 1042-S Box 9 8805 Line 10 8288-A Box 2 Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa or Puerto Rico If you are a nonresident alien who is a bona fide resident of American Samoa or Puerto Rico for the entire tax year, you generally are taxed the same as resident aliens. Self employment taxes You should file Form 1040 and report all income from sources both in and outside the United States. Self employment taxes However, you can exclude the income discussed in the following paragraphs. Self employment taxes For tax purposes other than reporting income, however, you will be treated as a nonresident alien. Self employment taxes For example, you are not allowed the standard deduction, you cannot file a joint return, and you are not allowed a deduction for a dependent unless that person is a citizen or national of the United States. Self employment taxes There are also limits on what deductions and credits are allowed. Self employment taxes See Nonresident Aliens under Deductions , Itemized Deductions , and Tax Credits and Payments in this chapter. Self employment taxes Residents of Puerto Rico. Self employment taxes   If you are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the entire year, you can exclude from gross income all income from sources in Puerto Rico (other than amounts for services performed as an employee of the United States or any of its agencies). Self employment taxes   If you report income on a calendar year basis and you do not have wages subject to withholding, file your return and pay your tax by June 15. Self employment taxes You must also make your first payment of estimated tax by June 15. Self employment taxes You cannot file a joint income tax return or make joint payments of estimated tax. Self employment taxes However, if you are married to a U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes citizen or resident, see Nonresident Spouse Treated as a Resident in chapter 1. Self employment taxes   If you earn wages subject to withholding, your U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes income tax return is due by April 15. Self employment taxes Your first payment of estimated tax is also due by April 15. Self employment taxes For information on withholding and estimated tax, see chapter 8 . Self employment taxes Residents of American Samoa. Self employment taxes   If you are a bona fide resident of American Samoa for the entire year, you can exclude from gross income all income from sources in American Samoa (other than amounts for services performed as an employee of the U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes government or any of its agencies). Self employment taxes An employee of the American Samoan government is not considered an employee of the U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes government or any of its agencies for purposes of the exclusion. Self employment taxes For more information about this exclusion, get Form 4563 and Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U. Self employment taxes S. Self employment taxes Possessions. Self employment taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications