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Penalties For Late Tax Returns

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Penalties For Late Tax Returns

Penalties for late tax returns Index A Additional Medicare Tax, What's New Allocated tips, Allocated Tips Assistance (see Tax help) C Cash tips, How to keep a daily tip record. Penalties for late tax returns Credit card charge tips, How to keep a daily tip record. Penalties for late tax returns D Daily tip record, Keeping a Daily Tip Record E Electronic tip record, Electronic tip record. Penalties for late tax returns Electronic tip statement, Electronic tip statement. Penalties for late tax returns Employers Giving money to, for taxes, Giving your employer money for taxes. Penalties for late tax returns Reporting tips to, Reporting Tips to Your Employer EmTRAC program, Tip Rate Determination and Education Program F Figures Form 4070A, sample filled-in, Form 1040 Schedule C, Self-employed persons. Penalties for late tax returns Unreported tips, Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns Form 4070, What tips to report. Penalties for late tax returns Sample filled-in, Form 4070A, How to keep a daily tip record. Penalties for late tax returns Form 4137, Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns Form 8027, How to request an approved lower rate. Penalties for late tax returns Form W-2 Uncollected taxes, Giving your employer money for taxes. Penalties for late tax returns , Reporting uncollected social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. Penalties for late tax returns G Gaming Industry Tip Compliance Agreement Program, Tip Rate Determination and Education Program H Help (see Tax help) M Missing children, photographs of, Reminder N Noncash tips, How to keep a daily tip record. Penalties for late tax returns P Penalties Failure to report tips to employer, Penalty for not reporting tips. Penalties for late tax returns Underpayment of estimated taxes, Giving your employer money for taxes. Penalties for late tax returns Publications (see Tax help) R Recordkeeping requirements Daily tip record, Keeping a Daily Tip Record Reporting Employee to report tips to employer, Reporting Tips to Your Employer Tip income, Introduction S Self-employed persons, Self-employed persons. Penalties for late tax returns Service charge paid as wages, Service charges. Penalties for late tax returns Social security and Medicare taxes Allocated tips, How to report allocated tips. Penalties for late tax returns Reporting of earnings to Social Security Administration, Why report tips to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns Tips not reported to employer, Reporting social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips not reported to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns Uncollected taxes on tips, Reporting uncollected social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax returns, Reporting Tips on Your Tax Return Tip pools, How to keep a daily tip record. Penalties for late tax returns Tip Rate Determination and Education Program, Tip Rate Determination and Education Program Tip splitting, How to keep a daily tip record. Penalties for late tax returns TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help U Uncollected taxes, Giving your employer money for taxes. Penalties for late tax returns , Reporting uncollected social security, Medicare, Additional Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns W Withholding, Why report tips to your employer. Penalties for late tax returns Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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Understanding Your CP123 Notice

We made changes to your excise tax return because we believe there was a miscalculation. As a result of these changes, you have a balance due of less than $1.


What you need to do

  • Read the notice carefully.
  • Compare the figures on the notice with your railroad retirement tax return.
  • Contact us within 30 days of the date of your notice if you disagree with the changes we made.
  • Correct the copy of your railroad retirement tax return that you kept for your records if you agree with our changes.
  • You don’t have to pay if you owe less than $1.

You may want to

  • Download copies of the following materials (if they weren’t included with your notice).
  • Call 1-800-829-FORM to have forms and publications mailed to you.

 


Answers to Common Questions

Q. How can I find out what caused my tax return to change?

A. You can contact us at the number listed on your notice for specific information about your tax return.

Q. What should I do if I disagree with the changes you made?

A. If you disagree, contact us at the toll-free number listed on the top right corner of your notice or respond in writing within 30 days of the date of the notice. If your response provides additional information that justifies a reversal of the change, we’ll reverse the change we made to your account. If you agree with the change, update your records. No further action is required.

 


Tips for next year

Review your return for accuracy before mailing it to us.

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 23-Jan-2014

How to get help

  • Call the 1-800 number listed on the top right corner of your notice.
  • Authorize someone (e.g., accountant) to contact the IRS on your behalf using Form 2848.
  • See if you qualify for help from a Low Income Taxpayer Clinic.
     

The Penalties For Late Tax Returns

Penalties for late tax returns Publication 536 - Main Content Table of Contents NOL Steps How To Figure an NOLNonbusiness deductions (line 6). Penalties for late tax returns Nonbusiness income (line 7). Penalties for late tax returns Nonbusiness capital losses. Penalties for late tax returns Business capital losses. Penalties for late tax returns Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A When To Use an NOLExceptions to 2-Year Carryback Rule Waiving the Carryback Period How To Carry an NOL Back or Forward How To Claim an NOL DeductionDeducting a Carryback Deducting a Carryforward Change in Marital Status Change in Filing Status Illustrated Form 1045 How To Figure an NOL CarryoverIllustrated Form 1045, Schedule B NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014Worksheet Instructions How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics NOL Steps Follow Steps 1 through 5 to figure and use your NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Step 1. Penalties for late tax returns   Complete your tax return for the year. Penalties for late tax returns You may have an NOL if a negative figure appears on the line below: Individuals — Form 1040, line 41, or Form 1040NR, line 39. Penalties for late tax returns Estates and trusts — Form 1041, line 22. Penalties for late tax returns   If the amount on that line is not negative, stop here — you do not have an NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Step 2. Penalties for late tax returns   Determine whether you have an NOL and its amount. Penalties for late tax returns See How To Figure an NOL , later. Penalties for late tax returns If you do not have an NOL, stop here. Penalties for late tax returns Step 3. Penalties for late tax returns   Decide whether to carry the NOL back to a past year or to waive the carryback period and instead carry the NOL forward to a future year. Penalties for late tax returns See When To Use an NOL , later. Penalties for late tax returns Step 4. Penalties for late tax returns   Deduct the NOL in the carryback or carryforward year. Penalties for late tax returns See How To Claim an NOL Deduction , later. Penalties for late tax returns If your NOL deduction is equal to or less than your taxable income without the deduction, stop here — you have used up your NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Step 5. Penalties for late tax returns   Determine the amount of your unused NOL. Penalties for late tax returns See How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later. Penalties for late tax returns Carry over the unused NOL to the next carryback or carryforward year and begin again at Step 4. Penalties for late tax returns Note. Penalties for late tax returns   If your NOL deduction includes more than one NOL amount, apply Step 5 separately to each NOL amount, starting with the amount from the earliest year. Penalties for late tax returns How To Figure an NOL If your deductions for the year are more than your income for the year, you may have an NOL. Penalties for late tax returns There are rules that limit what you can deduct when figuring an NOL. Penalties for late tax returns In general, the following items are not allowed when figuring an NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Any deduction for personal exemptions. Penalties for late tax returns Capital losses in excess of capital gains. Penalties for late tax returns The section 1202 exclusion of the gain from the sale or exchange of qualified small business stock. Penalties for late tax returns Nonbusiness deductions in excess of nonbusiness income. Penalties for late tax returns The net operating loss deduction. Penalties for late tax returns The domestic production activities deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1045, Schedule A. Penalties for late tax returns   Use Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure an NOL. Penalties for late tax returns The following discussion explains Schedule A and includes an illustrated example. Penalties for late tax returns   First, complete Form 1045, Schedule A, line 1, using amounts from your return. Penalties for late tax returns If line 1 is a negative amount, you may have an NOL. Penalties for late tax returns   Next, complete the rest of Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure your NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Nonbusiness deductions (line 6). Penalties for late tax returns   Enter on line 6 deductions that are not connected to your trade or business or your employment. Penalties for late tax returns Examples of deductions not related to your trade or business are: Alimony paid, Deductions for contributions to an IRA or a self-employed retirement plan, Health savings account deduction, Archer medical savings account deduction, Most itemized deductions (except for casualty and theft losses, state income tax on trade and business income, and any employee business expenses), and The standard deduction. Penalties for late tax returns   Do not include on line 6 the deduction for personal exemptions for you, your spouse, or your dependents. Penalties for late tax returns   Do not enter business deductions on line 6. Penalties for late tax returns These are deductions that are connected to your trade or business. Penalties for late tax returns They include the following. Penalties for late tax returns State income tax on income attributable to trade or business (including wages, salary, and unemployment compensation). Penalties for late tax returns Moving expenses. Penalties for late tax returns Educator expenses. Penalties for late tax returns The deduction for the deductible part of self-employed health insurance. Penalties for late tax returns Domestic production activities deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Rental losses. Penalties for late tax returns Loss on the sale or exchange of business real estate or depreciable property. Penalties for late tax returns Your share of a business loss from a partnership or an S corporation. Penalties for late tax returns Ordinary loss on the sale or exchange of stock in a small business corporation or a small business investment company. Penalties for late tax returns If you itemize your deductions, casualty and theft losses (even if they involve nonbusiness property) and employee business expenses (such as union dues, uniforms, tools, education expenses, and travel and transportation expenses). Penalties for late tax returns Loss on the sale of accounts receivable (if you use an accrual method of accounting). Penalties for late tax returns Interest and litigation expenses on state and federal income taxes related to your business. Penalties for late tax returns Unrecovered investment in a pension or annuity claimed on a decedent's final return. Penalties for late tax returns Payment by a federal employee to buy back sick leave used in an earlier year. Penalties for late tax returns Nonbusiness income (line 7). Penalties for late tax returns   Enter on line 7 only income that is not related to your trade or business or your employment. Penalties for late tax returns For example, enter your annuity income, dividends, and interest on investments. Penalties for late tax returns Also, include your share of nonbusiness income from partnerships and S corporations. Penalties for late tax returns   Do not include on line 7 the income you receive from your trade or business or your employment. Penalties for late tax returns This includes salaries and wages, self-employment income, unemployment compensation included in your gross income, and your share of business income from partnerships and S corporations. Penalties for late tax returns Also, do not include rental income or ordinary gain from the sale or other disposition of business real estate or depreciable business property. Penalties for late tax returns Adjustment for section 1202 exclusion (line 17). Penalties for late tax returns   Enter on line 17 any gain you excluded under section 1202 on the sale or exchange of qualified small business stock. Penalties for late tax returns Adjustments for capital losses (lines 19–22). Penalties for late tax returns   The amount deductible for capital losses is limited based on whether the losses are business capital losses or nonbusiness capital losses. Penalties for late tax returns Nonbusiness capital losses. Penalties for late tax returns   You can deduct your nonbusiness capital losses (line 2) only up to the amount of your nonbusiness capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion (line 3). Penalties for late tax returns If your nonbusiness capital losses are more than your nonbusiness capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion, you cannot deduct the excess. Penalties for late tax returns Business capital losses. Penalties for late tax returns   You can deduct your business capital losses (line 11) only up to the total of: Your nonbusiness capital gains that are more than the total of your nonbusiness capital losses and excess nonbusiness deductions (line 10), and Your total business capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion (line 12). Penalties for late tax returns Domestic production activities deduction (line 23). Penalties for late tax returns   You cannot take the domestic production activities deduction when figuring your NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Enter on line 23 any domestic production activities deduction claimed on your return. Penalties for late tax returns NOLs from other years (line 24). Penalties for late tax returns   You cannot deduct any NOL carryovers or carrybacks from other years. Penalties for late tax returns Enter the total amount of your NOL deduction for losses from other years. Penalties for late tax returns Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A The following example illustrates how to figure an NOL. Penalties for late tax returns It includes filled-in pages 1 and 2 of Form 1040 and Form 1045, Schedule A. Penalties for late tax returns Example. Penalties for late tax returns Glenn Johnson is in the retail record business. Penalties for late tax returns He is single and has the following income and deductions on his Form 1040 for 2013. Penalties for late tax returns See the illustrated Form 1040 , later. Penalties for late tax returns INCOME   Wages from part-time job $1,225 Interest on savings 425 Net long-term capital gain on sale of real estate used in business 2,000 Glenn's total income $3,650 DEDUCTIONS   Net loss from business (gross income of $67,000 minus expenses of $72,000) $5,000 Net short-term capital loss on sale of stock 1,000 Standard deduction 6,100 Personal exemption 3,900 Glenn's total deductions $16,000 Glenn's deductions exceed his income by $12,350 ($16,000 − $3,650). Penalties for late tax returns However, to figure whether he has an NOL, certain deductions are not allowed. Penalties for late tax returns He uses Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure his NOL. Penalties for late tax returns See the Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A , later. Penalties for late tax returns The following items are not allowed on Form 1045, Schedule A. Penalties for late tax returns Nonbusiness net short-term capital loss $1,000 Nonbusiness deductions (standard deduction, $6,100) minus nonbusiness income (interest, $425) 5,675 Deduction for personal exemption 3,900 Total adjustments to net loss $10,575     Therefore, Glenn's NOL for 2013 is figured as follows: Glenn's total 2013 income $3,650 Less:     Glenn's original 2013 total deductions $16,000   Reduced by the disallowed items − 10,575 − 5,425 Glenn's NOL for 2013 $1,775 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Penalties for late tax returns Please click the link to view the image. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1040, page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Penalties for late tax returns Please click the link to view the image. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1040, page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Penalties for late tax returns Please click the link to view the image. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1045, page 2 When To Use an NOL Generally, if you have an NOL for a tax year ending in 2013, you must carry back the entire amount of the NOL to the 2 tax years before the NOL year (the carryback period), and then carry forward any remaining NOL for up to 20 years after the NOL year (the carryforward period). Penalties for late tax returns You can, however, choose not to carry back an NOL and only carry it forward. Penalties for late tax returns See Waiving the Carryback Period , later. Penalties for late tax returns You cannot deduct any part of the NOL remaining after the 20-year carryforward period. Penalties for late tax returns NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns   This is the year in which the NOL occurred. Penalties for late tax returns Exceptions to 2-Year Carryback Rule Eligible losses, farming losses, qualified disaster losses, and specified liability losses, all defined next, qualify for longer carryback periods. Penalties for late tax returns Eligible loss. Penalties for late tax returns   The carryback period for eligible losses is 3 years. Penalties for late tax returns Only the eligible loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 3 years. Penalties for late tax returns An eligible loss is any part of an NOL that: Is from a casualty or theft, or Is attributable to a federally declared disaster for a qualified small business or certain qualified farming businesses. Penalties for late tax returns Qualified small business. Penalties for late tax returns   A qualified small business is a sole proprietorship or a partnership that has average annual gross receipts (reduced by returns and allowances) of $5 million or less during the 3-year period ending with the tax year of the NOL. Penalties for late tax returns If the business did not exist for this entire 3-year period, use the period the business was in existence. Penalties for late tax returns   An eligible loss does not include a farming loss or a qualified disaster loss. Penalties for late tax returns Farming loss. Penalties for late tax returns   The carryback period for a farming loss is 5 years. Penalties for late tax returns Only the farming loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 5 years. Penalties for late tax returns A farming loss is the smaller of: The amount that would be the NOL for the tax year if only income and deductions attributable to farming businesses were taken into account, or The NOL for the tax year. Penalties for late tax returns Farming business. Penalties for late tax returns   A farming business is a trade or business involving cultivation of land or the raising or harvesting of any agricultural or horticultural commodity. Penalties for late tax returns A farming business can include operating a nursery or sod farm or raising or harvesting most ornamental trees or trees bearing fruit, nuts, or other crops. Penalties for late tax returns The raising, shearing, feeding, caring for, training, and management of animals is also considered a farming business. Penalties for late tax returns   A farming business does not include contract harvesting of an agricultural or horticultural commodity grown or raised by someone else. Penalties for late tax returns It also does not include a business in which you merely buy or sell plants or animals grown or raised entirely by someone else. Penalties for late tax returns Waiving the 5-year carryback. Penalties for late tax returns   You can choose to figure the carryback period for a farming loss without regard to the special 5-year carryback rule. Penalties for late tax returns To make this choice for 2013, attach to your 2013 income tax return filed by the due date (including extensions) a statement that you are choosing to treat any 2013 farming losses without regard to the special 5-year carryback rule. Penalties for late tax returns If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months after the due date of the return (excluding extensions). Penalties for late tax returns Attach an election statement to your amended return, and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. Penalties for late tax returns 9100-2” at the top of the statement. Penalties for late tax returns Once made, this choice is irrevocable. Penalties for late tax returns Qualified disaster loss. Penalties for late tax returns   The carryback period for a qualified disaster loss is 5 years. Penalties for late tax returns Only the qualified disaster loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 5 years. Penalties for late tax returns A qualified disaster loss is the smaller of: The sum of: Any losses attributable to a federally declared disaster and occurring before January 1, 2010, in the disaster area, plus Any allowable qualified disaster expenses (even if you did not choose to treat those expenses as deductions in the current year), or The NOL for the tax year. Penalties for late tax returns Qualified disaster expenses. Penalties for late tax returns   A qualified disaster expense is any capital expense paid or incurred in connection with a trade or business or with business-related property which is: For the abatement or control of hazardous substances that were released as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010, For the removal of debris from, or the demolition of structures on, real property which is business-related property damaged or destroyed as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010, or For the repair of business-related property damaged as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010. Penalties for late tax returns Business-related property is property held for use in a trade or business, property held for the production of income, or inventory property. Penalties for late tax returns Note. Penalties for late tax returns Section 198A allows taxpayers to treat certain capital expenses (qualified disaster expenses) as deductions in the year the expenses were paid or incurred. Penalties for late tax returns Excluded losses. Penalties for late tax returns   A qualified disaster loss does not include any losses from property used in connection with any private or commercial golf course, country club, massage parlor, hot tub facility, suntan facility, or any store for which the principal business is the sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption off premises. Penalties for late tax returns   A qualified disaster loss also does not include any losses from any gambling or animal racing property. Penalties for late tax returns Gambling or animal racing property is any equipment, furniture, software, or other property used directly in connection with gambling, the racing of animals, or the on-site viewing of such racing, and the portion of any real property (determined by square footage) that is dedicated to gambling, the racing of animals, or the on-site viewing of such racing, unless this portion is less than 100 square feet. Penalties for late tax returns Specified liability loss. Penalties for late tax returns   The carryback period for a specified liability loss is 10 years. Penalties for late tax returns Only the specified liability loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 10 years. Penalties for late tax returns Generally, a specified liability loss is a loss arising from: Product liability and expenses incurred in the investigation or settlement of, or opposition to, product liability claims, or An act (or failure to act) that occurred at least 3 years before the beginning of the loss year and resulted in a liability under a federal or state law requiring: Reclamation of land, Dismantling of a drilling platform, Remediation of environmental contamination, or Payment under any workers compensation act. Penalties for late tax returns   Any loss from a liability arising from (1) through (4) above can be taken into account as a specified liability loss only if you used an accrual method of accounting throughout the period in which the act (or failure to act) occurred. Penalties for late tax returns For details, see section 172(f). Penalties for late tax returns Waiving the 10-year carryback. Penalties for late tax returns   You can choose to figure the carryback period for a specified liability loss without regard to the special 10-year carryback rule. Penalties for late tax returns To make this choice for 2013 attach to your 2013 income tax return filed by the due date (including extensions) a statement that you are choosing to treat any 2013 specified liability losses without regard to the special 10-year carryback rule. Penalties for late tax returns If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months after the due date of the return (excluding extensions). Penalties for late tax returns Attach a statement to your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. Penalties for late tax returns 9100-2” at the top of the statement. Penalties for late tax returns Once made, this choice is irrevocable. Penalties for late tax returns Waiving the Carryback Period You can choose not to carry back your NOL. Penalties for late tax returns If you make this choice, then you can use your NOL only in the 20-year carryforward period. Penalties for late tax returns (This choice means you also choose not to carry back any alternative tax NOL. Penalties for late tax returns ) To make this choice, attach a statement to your original return filed by the due date (including extensions) for the NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns This statement must show that you are choosing to waive the carryback period under section 172(b)(3). Penalties for late tax returns If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). Penalties for late tax returns Attach a statement to your amended return, and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. Penalties for late tax returns 9100-2” at the top of the statement. Penalties for late tax returns Once you choose to waive the carryback period, it generally is irrevocable. Penalties for late tax returns If you choose to waive the carryback period for more than one NOL, you must make a separate choice and attach a separate statement for each NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns If you do not file this statement on time, you cannot waive the carryback period. Penalties for late tax returns How To Carry an NOL Back or Forward If you choose to carry back the NOL, you must first carry the entire NOL to the earliest carryback year. Penalties for late tax returns If your NOL is not used up, you can carry the rest to the next earliest carryback year, and so on. Penalties for late tax returns If you waive the carryback period or do not use up the NOL in the carryback period, carry forward what remains of the NOL to the 20 tax years following the NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns Start by carrying it to the first tax year after the NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns If you do not use it up, carry the unused part to the next year. Penalties for late tax returns Continue to carry any unused part of the NOL forward until the NOL is used up or you complete the 20-year carryforward period. Penalties for late tax returns Example 1. Penalties for late tax returns You started your business as a sole proprietor in 2013 and had a $42,000 NOL for the year. Penalties for late tax returns No part of the NOL qualifies for the 3-year, 5-year, or 10-year carryback. Penalties for late tax returns You begin using your NOL in 2011, the second year before the NOL year, as shown in the following chart. Penalties for late tax returns Year   Carryback/  Carryover Unused  Loss 2011 $42,000 $40,000 2012 40,000 37,000 2013 (NOL year)     2014 37,000 31,500 2015 31,500 22,500 2016 22,500 12,700 2017 12,700 4,000 2018 4,000 -0- If your loss were larger, you could carry it forward until the year 2033. Penalties for late tax returns If you still had an unused 2013 carryforward after the year 2033, you would not be allowed to deduct it. Penalties for late tax returns Example 2. Penalties for late tax returns Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that $4,000 of the NOL is attributable to a casualty loss and this loss qualifies for a 3-year carryback period. Penalties for late tax returns You begin using the $4,000 in 2010. Penalties for late tax returns As shown in the following chart, $3,000 of this NOL is used in 2010. Penalties for late tax returns The remaining $1,000 is carried to 2011 with the $38,000 NOL that you must begin using in 2011. Penalties for late tax returns Year   Carryback/  Carryover Unused  Loss 2010 $4,000 $1,000 2011 39,000 37,000 2012 37,000 34,000 2013 (NOL year)     2014 34,000 28,500 2015 28,500 19,500 2016 19,500 9,700 2017 9,700 1,000 2018 1,000 -0- How To Claim an NOL Deduction If you have not already carried the NOL to an earlier year, your NOL deduction is the total NOL. Penalties for late tax returns If you carried the NOL to an earlier year, your NOL deduction is the carried over NOL minus the NOL amount you used in the earlier year or years. Penalties for late tax returns If you carry more than one NOL to the same year, your NOL deduction is the total of these carrybacks and carryovers. Penalties for late tax returns NOL resulting in no taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns   If your NOL is more than the taxable income of the year you carry it to (figured before deducting the NOL), you generally will have an NOL carryover to the next year. Penalties for late tax returns See How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later, to determine how much NOL you have used and how much you carry to the next year. Penalties for late tax returns Deducting a Carryback If you carry back your NOL, you can use either Form 1045 or Form 1040X. Penalties for late tax returns You can get your refund faster by using Form 1045, but you have a shorter time to file it. Penalties for late tax returns You can use Form 1045 to apply an NOL to all carryback years. Penalties for late tax returns If you use Form 1040X, you must use a separate Form 1040X for each carryback year to which you apply the NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Estates and trusts that do not file Form 1045 must file an amended Form 1041 (instead of Form 1040X) for each carryback year to which NOLs are applied. Penalties for late tax returns Use a copy of the appropriate year's Form 1041, check the “Amended return” box, and follow the Form 1041 instructions for amended returns. Penalties for late tax returns Include the NOL deduction with other deductions not subject to the 2% limit (line 15a). Penalties for late tax returns Also, see the special procedures for filing an amended return due to an NOL carryback, explained under Form 1040X , later. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1045. Penalties for late tax returns   You can apply for a quick refund by filing Form 1045. Penalties for late tax returns This form results in a tentative adjustment of tax in the carryback year. Penalties for late tax returns See the Illustrated Form 1045 . Penalties for late tax returns at the end of this discussion. Penalties for late tax returns   If the IRS refunds or credits an amount to you from Form 1045 and later determines that the refund or credit is too much, the IRS may assess and collect the excess immediately. Penalties for late tax returns   Generally, you must file Form 1045 on or after the date you file your tax return for the NOL year, but not later than one year after the end of the NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns If the last day of the NOL year falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday, the form will be considered timely if postmarked on the next business day. Penalties for late tax returns For example, if you are a calendar year taxpayer with a carryback from 2013 to 2011, you must file Form 1045 on or after the date you file your tax return for 2013, but no later than December 31, 2014. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1040X. Penalties for late tax returns   If you do not file Form 1045, you can file Form 1040X to get a refund of tax because of an NOL carryback. Penalties for late tax returns File Form 1040X within 3 years after the due date, including extensions, for filing the return for the NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns For example, if you are a calendar year taxpayer and filed your 2011 return by the April 15, 2012, due date, you must file a claim for refund of 2008 tax because of an NOL carryback from 2011 by April 15, 2015. Penalties for late tax returns   Attach a computation of your NOL using Form 1045, Schedule A, and, if it applies, your NOL carryover using Form 1045, Schedule B, discussed later . Penalties for late tax returns Refiguring your tax. Penalties for late tax returns   To refigure your total tax liability for a carryback year, first refigure your adjusted gross income for that year. Penalties for late tax returns (On Form 1045, use lines 10 and 11 and the “After carryback” column for the applicable carryback year. Penalties for late tax returns ) Use your adjusted gross income after applying the NOL deduction to refigure income or deduction items that are based on, or limited to, a percentage of your adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Refigure the following items. Penalties for late tax returns The special allowance for passive activity losses from rental real estate activities. Penalties for late tax returns Taxable social security and tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Penalties for late tax returns IRA deductions. Penalties for late tax returns Excludable savings bond interest. Penalties for late tax returns Excludable employer-provided adoption benefits. Penalties for late tax returns The student loan interest deduction. Penalties for late tax returns The tuition and fees deduction. Penalties for late tax returns   If more than one of these items apply, refigure them in the order listed above, using your adjusted gross income after applying the NOL deduction and any previous item. Penalties for late tax returns (Enter your NOL deduction on Form 1045, line 10. Penalties for late tax returns On line 11, using the “After carryback” column, enter your adjusted gross income refigured after applying the NOL deduction and after refiguring any above items. Penalties for late tax returns )   Next, refigure your taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns (On Form 1045, use lines 12 through 15 and the “After carryback” column. Penalties for late tax returns ) Use your refigured adjusted gross income (Form 1045, line 11, using the “After carryback” column) to refigure certain deductions and other items that are based on or limited to a percentage of your adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Refigure the following items. Penalties for late tax returns The itemized deduction for medical expenses. Penalties for late tax returns The itemized deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums. Penalties for late tax returns The itemized deduction for casualty losses. Penalties for late tax returns Miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% limit. Penalties for late tax returns The overall limit on itemized deductions (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). Penalties for late tax returns The phaseout of the deduction for exemptions (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). Penalties for late tax returns Qualified motor vehicle tax (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). Penalties for late tax returns    Do not refigure the itemized deduction for charitable contributions. Penalties for late tax returns   Finally, use your refigured taxable income (Form 1045, line 15, using the “After carryback” column) to refigure your total tax liability. Penalties for late tax returns Refigure your income tax, your alternative minimum tax, and any credits that are based on or limited by your adjusted gross income (AGI), modified adjusted gross income (MAGI), or tax liability. Penalties for late tax returns (On Form 1045, use lines 16 through 25, and the “After carryback” column. Penalties for late tax returns ) The earned income credit, for example, may be affected by changes to adjusted gross income or the amount of tax (or both) and, therefore, must be recomputed. Penalties for late tax returns If you become eligible for a credit because of the carryback, complete the form for that specific credit (such as the EIC Worksheet) for that year. Penalties for late tax returns   While it is necessary to refigure your income tax, alternative minimum tax, and credits, do not refigure your self-employment tax. Penalties for late tax returns Deducting a Carryforward If you carry forward your NOL to a tax year after the NOL year, list your NOL deduction as a negative figure on the “Other income” line of Form 1040 or Form 1040NR (line 21 for 2013). Penalties for late tax returns Estates and trusts include an NOL deduction on Form 1041 with other deductions not subject to the 2% limit (line 15a for 2013). Penalties for late tax returns You must attach a statement that shows all the important facts about the NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Your statement should include a computation showing how you figured the NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns If you deduct more than one NOL in the same year, your statement must cover each of them. Penalties for late tax returns Change in Marital Status If you and your spouse were not married to each other in all years involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, only the spouse who had the loss can take the NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns If you file a joint return, the NOL deduction is limited to the income of that spouse. Penalties for late tax returns For example, if your marital status changes because of death or divorce, and in a later year you have an NOL, you can carry back that loss only to the part of the income reported on the joint return (filed with your former spouse) that was related to your taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns After you deduct the NOL in the carryback year, the joint rates apply to the resulting taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns Refund limit. Penalties for late tax returns   If you are not married in the NOL year (or are married to a different spouse), and in the carryback year you were married and filed a joint return, your refund for the overpaid joint tax may be limited. Penalties for late tax returns You can claim a refund for the difference between your share of the refigured tax and your contribution toward the tax paid on the joint return. Penalties for late tax returns The refund cannot be more than the joint overpayment. Penalties for late tax returns Attach a statement showing how you figured your refund. Penalties for late tax returns Figuring your share of a joint tax liability. Penalties for late tax returns   There are five steps for figuring your share of the refigured joint tax liability. Penalties for late tax returns Figure your total tax as though you had filed as married filing separately. Penalties for late tax returns Figure your spouse's total tax as though your spouse had also filed as married filing separately. Penalties for late tax returns Add the amounts in (1) and (2). Penalties for late tax returns Divide the amount in (1) by the amount in (3). Penalties for late tax returns Multiply the refigured tax on your joint return by the amount figured in (4). Penalties for late tax returns This is your share of the joint tax liability. Penalties for late tax returns Figuring your contribution toward tax paid. Penalties for late tax returns   Unless you have an agreement or clear evidence of each spouse's contributions toward the payment of the joint tax liability, figure your contribution by adding the tax withheld on your wages and your share of joint estimated tax payments or tax paid with the return. Penalties for late tax returns If the original return for the carryback year resulted in an overpayment, reduce your contribution by your share of the tax refund. Penalties for late tax returns Figure your share of a joint payment or refund by the same method used in figuring your share of the joint tax liability. Penalties for late tax returns Use your taxable income as originally reported on the joint return in steps (1) and (2) above, and substitute the joint payment or refund for the refigured joint tax in step (5). Penalties for late tax returns Change in Filing Status If you and your spouse were married and filed a joint return for each year involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, figure the NOL deduction on a joint return as you would for an individual. Penalties for late tax returns However, treat the NOL deduction as a joint NOL. Penalties for late tax returns If you and your spouse were married and filed separate returns for each year involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, the spouse who sustained the loss may take the NOL deduction on a separate return. Penalties for late tax returns Special rules apply for figuring the NOL carrybacks and carryovers of married people whose filing status changes for any tax year involved in figuring an NOL carryback or carryover. Penalties for late tax returns Separate to joint return. Penalties for late tax returns   If you and your spouse file a joint return for a carryback or carryforward year, and were married but filed separate returns for any of the tax years involved in figuring the NOL carryback or carryover, treat the separate carryback or carryover as a joint carryback or carryover. Penalties for late tax returns Joint to separate returns. Penalties for late tax returns   If you and your spouse file separate returns for a carryback or carryforward year, but filed a joint return for any or all of the tax years involved in figuring the NOL carryover, figure each of your carryovers separately. Penalties for late tax returns Joint return in NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns   Figure each spouse's share of the joint NOL through the following steps. Penalties for late tax returns Figure each spouse's NOL as if he or she filed a separate return. Penalties for late tax returns See How To Figure an NOL , earlier. Penalties for late tax returns If only one spouse has an NOL, stop here. Penalties for late tax returns All of the joint NOL is that spouse's NOL. Penalties for late tax returns If both spouses have an NOL, multiply the joint NOL by a fraction, the numerator of which is spouse A's NOL figured in (1) and the denominator of which is the total of the spouses' NOLs figured in (1). Penalties for late tax returns The result is spouse A's share of the joint NOL. Penalties for late tax returns The rest of the joint NOL is spouse B's share. Penalties for late tax returns Example 1. Penalties for late tax returns Mark and Nancy are married and file a joint return for 2013. Penalties for late tax returns They have an NOL of $5,000. Penalties for late tax returns They carry the NOL back to 2011, a year in which Mark and Nancy filed separate returns. Penalties for late tax returns Figured separately, Nancy's 2013 deductions were more than her income, and Mark's income was more than his deductions. Penalties for late tax returns Mark does not have any NOL to carry back. Penalties for late tax returns Nancy can carry back the entire $5,000 NOL to her 2011 separate return. Penalties for late tax returns Example 2. Penalties for late tax returns Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that both Mark and Nancy had deductions in 2013 that were more than their income. Penalties for late tax returns Figured separately, his NOL is $1,800 and her NOL is $3,000. Penalties for late tax returns The sum of their separate NOLs ($4,800) is less than their $5,000 joint NOL because his deductions included a $200 net capital loss that is not allowed in figuring his separate NOL. Penalties for late tax returns The loss is allowed in figuring their joint NOL because it was offset by Nancy's capital gains. Penalties for late tax returns Mark's share of their $5,000 joint NOL is $1,875 ($5,000 × $1,800/$4,800) and Nancy's is $3,125 ($5,000 − $1,875). Penalties for late tax returns Joint return in previous carryback or carryforward year. Penalties for late tax returns   If only one spouse had an NOL deduction on the previous year's joint return, all of the joint carryover is that spouse's carryover. Penalties for late tax returns If both spouses had an NOL deduction (including separate carryovers of a joint NOL, figured as explained in the previous discussion ), figure each spouse's share of the joint carryover through the following steps. Penalties for late tax returns Figure each spouse's modified taxable income as if he or she filed a separate return. Penalties for late tax returns See Modified taxable income under How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later. Penalties for late tax returns Multiply the joint modified taxable income you used to figure the joint carryover by a fraction, the numerator of which is spouse A's modified taxable income figured in (1) and the denominator of which is the total of the spouses' modified taxable incomes figured in (1). Penalties for late tax returns This is spouse A's share of the joint modified taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns Subtract the amount figured in (2) from the joint modified taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns This is spouse B's share of the joint modified taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns Reduce the amount figured in (3), but not below zero, by spouse B's NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Add the amounts figured in (2) and (4). Penalties for late tax returns Subtract the amount figured in (5) from spouse A's NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns This is spouse A's share of the joint carryover. Penalties for late tax returns The rest of the joint carryover is spouse B's share. Penalties for late tax returns Example. Penalties for late tax returns Sam and Wanda filed a joint return for 2011 and separate returns for 2012 and 2013. Penalties for late tax returns In 2013, Sam had an NOL of $18,000 and Wanda had an NOL of $2,000. Penalties for late tax returns They choose to carry back both NOLs 2 years to their 2011 joint return and claim a $20,000 NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Their joint modified taxable income (MTI) for 2011 is $15,000, and their joint NOL carryover to 2012 is $5,000 ($20,000 – $15,000). Penalties for late tax returns Sam and Wanda each figure their separate MTI for 2011 as if they had filed separate returns. Penalties for late tax returns Then they figure their shares of the $5,000 carryover as follows. Penalties for late tax returns Step 1. Penalties for late tax returns   Sam's separate MTI $9,000 Wanda's separate MTI + 3,000 Total MTI $12,000 Step 2. Penalties for late tax returns   Joint MTI $15,000 Sam's MTI ÷ total MTI ($9,000 ÷ $12,000) × . Penalties for late tax returns 75 Sam's share of joint MTI $11,250 Step 3. Penalties for late tax returns   Joint MTI $15,000 Sam's share of joint MTI − 11,250 Wanda's share of joint MTI $3,750 Step 4. Penalties for late tax returns   Wanda's share of joint MTI $3,750 Wanda's NOL deduction − 2,000 Wanda's remaining share $1,750 Step 5. Penalties for late tax returns   Sam's share of joint MTI $11,250 Wanda's remaining share + 1,750 Joint MTI to be offset $13,000 Step 6. Penalties for late tax returns   Sam's NOL deduction $18,000 Joint MTI to be offset − 13,000 Sam's carryover to 2012 $5,000 Joint carryover to 2012 $5,000 Sam's carryover − 5,000 Wanda's carryover to 2012 $-0- Wanda's $2,000 NOL deduction offsets $2,000 of her $3,750 share of the joint modified taxable income and is completely used up. Penalties for late tax returns She has no carryover to 2012. Penalties for late tax returns Sam's $18,000 NOL deduction offsets all of his $11,250 share of joint modified taxable income and the remaining $1,750 of Wanda's share. Penalties for late tax returns His carryover to 2012 is $5,000. Penalties for late tax returns Illustrated Form 1045 The following example illustrates how to use Form 1045 to claim an NOL deduction in a carryback year. Penalties for late tax returns It includes a filled-in page 1 of Form 1045. Penalties for late tax returns Example. Penalties for late tax returns Martha Sanders is a self-employed contractor. Penalties for late tax returns Martha's 2013 deductions are more than her 2013 income because of a business loss. Penalties for late tax returns She uses Form 1045 to carry back her NOL 2 years and claim an NOL deduction in 2011. Penalties for late tax returns Her filing status in both years was single. Penalties for late tax returns See the filled-in Form 1045 later. Penalties for late tax returns Martha figures her 2013 NOL on Form 1045, Schedule A (not shown). Penalties for late tax returns (For an example using Form 1045, Schedule A, see Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A under How To Figure an NOL , earlier. Penalties for late tax returns ) She enters the $10,000 NOL from Form 1045, Schedule A, line 25, on Form 1045, line 1a. Penalties for late tax returns Martha completes lines 10 through 25, using the “Before carryback” column under the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11 on page 1 of Form 1045 using the following amounts from her 2011 return. Penalties for late tax returns 2011 Adjusted gross income $50,000 Itemized deductions:     Medical expenses [$6,000 − ($50,000 × 7. Penalties for late tax returns 5%)] $2,250   State income tax + 2,000   Real estate tax + 4,000   Home mortgage interest + 5,000   Total itemized deductions $13,250 Exemption $3,700 Income tax $4,550 Self-employment tax $6,120   Martha refigures her taxable income for 2011 after carrying back her 2013 NOL as follows: 2011 Adjusted gross income $50,000 Less:     NOL from 2013 −10,000 2011 Adjusted gross income after carryback $40,000 Less:     Itemized deductions:     Medical expenses [$6,000 − ($40,000 × 7. Penalties for late tax returns 5%)] $3,000   State income tax + 2,000   Real estate tax + 4,000   Home mortgage interest + 5,000   Total itemized deductions −14,000 Less:     Exemption − 3,700 2011 Taxable income after carryback $22,300 Martha then completes lines 10 through 25, using the “After carryback” column under the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11. Penalties for late tax returns On line 10, Martha enters her $10,000 NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Her new adjusted gross income on line 11 is $40,000 ($50,000 − $10,000). Penalties for late tax returns To complete line 12, she must refigure her medical expense deduction using her new adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Her refigured medical expense deduction is $3,000 [$6,000 − ($40,000 × 7. Penalties for late tax returns 5%)]. Penalties for late tax returns This increases her total itemized deductions to $14,000 [$13,250 + ($3,000 − $2,250)]. Penalties for late tax returns Martha uses her refigured taxable income ($22,300) from line 15, and the tax tables in her 2011 Form 1040 instructions to find her income tax. Penalties for late tax returns She enters the new amount, $2,924, on line 16, and her new total tax liability, $9,044, on line 25. Penalties for late tax returns Martha used up her $10,000 NOL in 2011 so she does not complete a column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/2012. Penalties for late tax returns The decrease in tax because of her NOL deduction (line 27) is $1,612. Penalties for late tax returns Martha files Form 1045 after filing her 2013 return, but no later than December 31, 2014. Penalties for late tax returns She mails it to the Internal Revenue Service Center for the place where she lives as shown in the 2013 instructions for Form 1040 and attaches a copy of her 2013 return (including the applicable forms and schedules). Penalties for late tax returns This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Penalties for late tax returns Please click the link to view the image. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1045, page 1 How To Figure an NOL Carryover If your NOL is more than your taxable income for the year to which you carry it (figured before deducting the NOL), you may have an NOL carryover. Penalties for late tax returns You must make certain modifications to your taxable income to determine how much NOL you will use up in that year and how much you can carry over to the next tax year. Penalties for late tax returns Your carryover is the excess of your NOL deduction over your modified taxable income for the carryback or carryforward year. Penalties for late tax returns If your NOL deduction includes more than one NOL, apply the NOLs against your modified taxable income in the same order in which you incurred them, starting with the earliest. Penalties for late tax returns Modified taxable income. Penalties for late tax returns   Your modified taxable income is your taxable income figured with the following changes. Penalties for late tax returns You cannot claim an NOL deduction for the NOL carryover you are figuring or for any later NOL. Penalties for late tax returns You cannot claim a deduction for capital losses in excess of your capital gains. Penalties for late tax returns Also, you must increase your taxable income by the amount of any section 1202 exclusion. Penalties for late tax returns You cannot claim the domestic production activities deduction. Penalties for late tax returns You cannot claim a deduction for your exemptions for yourself, your spouse, or dependents. Penalties for late tax returns You must figure any item affected by the amount of your adjusted gross income after making the changes in (1), (2), and (3), above, and certain other changes to your adjusted gross income that result from (1), (2), and (3). Penalties for late tax returns This includes income and deduction items used to figure adjusted gross income (for example, IRA deductions), as well as certain itemized deductions. Penalties for late tax returns To figure a charitable contribution deduction, do not include deductions for NOL carrybacks in the change in (1) but do include deductions for NOL carryforwards from tax years before the NOL year. Penalties for late tax returns   Your taxable income as modified cannot be less than zero. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1045, Schedule B. Penalties for late tax returns   You can use Form 1045, Schedule B, to figure your modified taxable income for carryback years and your carryover from each of those years. Penalties for late tax returns Do not use Form 1045, Schedule B, for a carryforward year. Penalties for late tax returns If your 2013 return includes an NOL deduction from an NOL year before 2013 that reduced your taxable income to zero (to less than zero, if an estate or trust), see NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014 , later. Penalties for late tax returns Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule B The following example illustrates how to figure an NOL carryover from a carryback year. Penalties for late tax returns It includes a filled-in Form 1045, Schedule B. Penalties for late tax returns Example. Penalties for late tax returns Ida Brown runs a small clothing shop. Penalties for late tax returns In 2013, she has an NOL of $36,000 that she carries back to 2011. Penalties for late tax returns She has no other carrybacks or carryforwards to 2011. Penalties for late tax returns Ida's adjusted gross income in 2011 was $35,000, consisting of her salary of $36,000 minus a $1,000 capital loss deduction. Penalties for late tax returns She is single and claimed only one personal exemption of $3,700. Penalties for late tax returns During that year, she gave $1,450 in charitable contributions. Penalties for late tax returns Her medical expenses were $3,000. Penalties for late tax returns She also deducted $1,650 in taxes and $3,125 in home mortgage interest. Penalties for late tax returns Her deduction for charitable contributions was not limited because her contributions, $1,450, were less than 50% of her adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns The deduction for medical expenses was limited to expenses over 7. Penalties for late tax returns 5% of adjusted gross income (. Penalties for late tax returns 075 × $35,000 = $2,625; $3,000 − $2,625 = $375). Penalties for late tax returns The deductions for taxes and home mortgage interest were not subject to any limits. Penalties for late tax returns She was able to claim $6,600 ($1,450 + $375 + $1,650 + $3,125) in itemized deductions and a personal exemption deduction of $3,700 for 2011. Penalties for late tax returns She had no other deductions in 2011 (except the NOL deduction). Penalties for late tax returns Her taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction) for the year was $24,700. Penalties for late tax returns Ida's adjusted gross income in 2012 was $9,325, consisting of net business income from the clothing shop of $12,325 and a net capital loss of $3,000. Penalties for late tax returns She did not itemize her deductions in 2012. Penalties for late tax returns She deducted the standard deduction of $5,950 and the personal exemption deduction of $3,800. Penalties for late tax returns She had no other deductions in 2012 (other than the NOL deduction). Penalties for late tax returns Her taxable income, therefore, was ($425). Penalties for late tax returns Ida's $36,000 carryback will result in her having 2011 taxable income of zero. Penalties for late tax returns She then completes the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11 on Form 1045, Schedule B, to figure how much of her NOL she uses up in 2011 and how much she can carry over to 2012. Penalties for late tax returns She completes the column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. Penalties for late tax returns See the illustrated Form 1045, Schedule B , shown later. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 1. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters $36,000, her 2013 net operating loss, on line 1. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 2. Penalties for late tax returns She enters $24,700, her 2011 taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction), on line 2. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 3. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters her net capital loss deduction of $1,000 on line 3. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, lines 4 and 5. Penalties for late tax returns Ida had no section 1202 exclusion or domestic production activities deduction in 2011. Penalties for late tax returns She enters zero on lines 4 and 5. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 6. Penalties for late tax returns Although Ida's entry on line 3 modifies her adjusted gross income, that does not affect any other items included in her adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters zero on line 6. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 7. Penalties for late tax returns Ida had itemized deductions and entered $1,000 on line 3, so she completes lines 11 through 38 to figure her adjustment to itemized deductions. Penalties for late tax returns On line 7, she enters the total adjustment from line 38. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 8. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters the deduction for her personal exemption of $3,700 for 2011. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 9. Penalties for late tax returns After combining lines 2 through 8, Ida's modified taxable income is $29,475. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 10. Penalties for late tax returns Ida figures her carryover to 2012 by subtracting her modified taxable income (line 9) from her NOL deduction (line 1). Penalties for late tax returns She enters the $6,525 carryover on line 10. Penalties for late tax returns She also enters the $6,525 as her NOL deduction for 2012 on Form 1045, page 1, line 10, in the “After carryback” column under the column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. Penalties for late tax returns (For an illustrated example of page 1 of Form 1045, see Illustrated Form 1045 under How To Claim an NOL Deduction , earlier. Penalties for late tax returns ) Next, Ida completes column 2 for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 11. Penalties for late tax returns Ida's adjusted gross income for 2011 was $35,000. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 12. Penalties for late tax returns She adds lines 3 through 6 and enters $1,000 on line 12. Penalties for late tax returns (This is her net capital loss deduction added back, which modifies her adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns ) Column 1, line 13. Penalties for late tax returns Her modified adjusted gross income for 2011 is now $36,000. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 14. Penalties for late tax returns On her 2011 tax return, she deducted $375 as medical expenses. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 15. Penalties for late tax returns Her actual medical expenses were $3,000. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 16. Penalties for late tax returns She multiplies her modified adjusted gross income, $36,000, by . Penalties for late tax returns 075. Penalties for late tax returns She enters $2,700 on line 16. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 17. Penalties for late tax returns She substracts $2,700 from her actual medical expenses, $3,000. Penalties for late tax returns She enters $300 on line 17. Penalties for late tax returns This is her modified medical deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 18. Penalties for late tax returns The difference between her medical deduction and her modified medical deduction is $75. Penalties for late tax returns She enters this on line 18. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, lines 19 through 21. Penalties for late tax returns Ida had no deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums in 2011. Penalties for late tax returns She skips lines 19 and 20 and enters zero on line 21. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 22. Penalties for late tax returns She enters her modified adjusted gross income of $36,000 on line 22. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 23. Penalties for late tax returns She had no other carrybacks to 2011 and enters zero on line 23. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 24. Penalties for late tax returns Her modified adjusted gross income remains $36,000. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 25. Penalties for late tax returns Her actual contributions for 2011 were $1,450, which she enters on line 25. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 26. Penalties for late tax returns She now refigures her charitable contributions based on her modified adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Her contributions are well below the 50% limit, so she enters $1,450 on line 26. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 27. Penalties for late tax returns The difference is zero. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, lines 28 through 37. Penalties for late tax returns Ida had no casualty losses or deductions for miscellaneous items in 2011. Penalties for late tax returns She skips lines 28 through 31 and lines 33 through 36. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters zero on lines 32 and 37. Penalties for late tax returns Column 1, line 38. Penalties for late tax returns She combines lines 18, 21, 27, 32, and 37 and enters $75 on line 38. Penalties for late tax returns She carries this figure to line 7. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 1. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters $6,525, the carryback of her 2013 NOL to 2012, from column 1, line 10, on line 1. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 2. Penalties for late tax returns She enters ($425), her 2012 taxable income, on line 2. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 3. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters her net capital loss deduction of $3,000 on line 3. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, lines 4 and 5. Penalties for late tax returns Ida had no section 1202 exclusion or domestic production activities deduction in 2012. Penalties for late tax returns She enters zero on lines 4 and 5. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 6. Penalties for late tax returns Although Ida's entry on line 3 modifies her adjusted gross income, that does not affect any other items included in her adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters zero on line 6. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 7. Penalties for late tax returns Because Ida did not itemize deductions on her 2012 tax return, she enters zero on line 7. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 8. Penalties for late tax returns Ida enters the deduction for her personal exemption of $3,800 for 2012. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 9. Penalties for late tax returns After combining lines 2 through 8, Ida's modified taxable income is $6,375. Penalties for late tax returns Column 2, line 10. Penalties for late tax returns Ida figures her carryforward to 2014 by subtracting her modified taxable income (line 9) from her NOL deduction (line 1). Penalties for late tax returns She enters the $150 carryover on line 10. Penalties for late tax returns This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Penalties for late tax returns Please click the link to view the image. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1045, page 3 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Penalties for late tax returns Please click the link to view the image. Penalties for late tax returns Form 1045, page 4 NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014 If you had an NOL deduction carried forward from a year prior to 2013 that resulted in your having taxable income on your 2013 return of zero (of less than zero, if an estate or trust), complete Table 1 , Worksheet for NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014, on the following pages. Penalties for late tax returns It will help you figure your NOL to carry to 2014. Penalties for late tax returns Keep the worksheet for your records. Penalties for late tax returns Worksheet Instructions At the top of the worksheet, enter the NOL year for which you are figuring the carryover. Penalties for late tax returns More than one NOL. Penalties for late tax returns   If your 2013 NOL deduction includes amounts for more than one loss year, complete this worksheet only for one loss year. Penalties for late tax returns To determine which year, start with your earliest NOL and subtract each NOL separately from your taxable income figured without the NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Complete this worksheet for the earliest NOL that results in your having taxable income below zero. Penalties for late tax returns Your NOL carryover to 2014 is the total of the amount on line 10 of the worksheet and all later NOL amounts. Penalties for late tax returns Example. Penalties for late tax returns Your taxable income for 2013 is $5,000 without your $9,000 NOL deduction. Penalties for late tax returns Your NOL deduction includes a $2,000 carryover from 2011 and a $7,000 carryover from 2012. Penalties for late tax returns Subtract your 2011 NOL of $2,000 from $5,000. Penalties for late tax returns This gives you taxable income of $3,000. Penalties for late tax returns Your 2011 NOL is now completely used up. Penalties for late tax returns Subtract your $7,000 2012 NOL from $3,000. Penalties for late tax returns This gives you taxable income of ($4,000). Penalties for late tax returns You now complete the worksheet for your 2012 NOL. Penalties for late tax returns Your NOL carryover to 2014 is the unused part of your 2012 NOL from line 10 of the worksheet. Penalties for late tax returns Line 2. Penalties for late tax returns   Treat your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and later years as a positive amount. Penalties for late tax returns Add it to your negative taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction). Penalties for late tax returns Enter the result on line 2. Penalties for late tax returns Line 6. Penalties for late tax returns   You must refigure the following income and deductions based on adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns The special allowance for passive activity losses from rental real estate activities. Penalties for late tax returns Taxable social security and tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Penalties for late tax returns IRA deductions. Penalties for late tax returns Excludable savings bond interest. Penalties for late tax returns Excludable employer-provided adoption benefits. Penalties for late tax returns The student loan interest deduction. Penalties for late tax returns The tuition and fees deduction. Penalties for late tax returns   If none of these items apply to you, enter zero on line 6. Penalties for late tax returns Otherwise, increase your adjusted gross income by the total of lines 3 through 5 and your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and later years. Penalties for late tax returns Using this increased adjusted gross income, refigure the items that apply, in the order listed above. Penalties for late tax returns Your adjustment for each item is the difference between the refigured amount and the amount included on your return. Penalties for late tax returns Combine the adjustments for previous items with your adjusted gross income before refiguring the next item. Penalties for late tax returns Keep a record of your computations. Penalties for late tax returns   Enter your total adjustments for the above items on line 6. Penalties for late tax returns Line 7. Penalties for late tax returns   Enter zero if you claimed the standard deduction or the amounts on lines 3 through 5 are zero. Penalties for late tax returns Otherwise, use lines 11 through 33 of the worksheet to figure the amount to enter on this line. Penalties for late tax returns Complete only those sections that apply to you. Penalties for late tax returns Estates and trusts. Penalties for late tax returns   Enter zero on line 7 if you did not claim any miscellaneous deductions on Form 1041, line 15c, or a casualty or theft loss. Penalties for late tax returns Otherwise, refigure these deductions by substituting modified adjusted gross income (see below ) for adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Subtract the recomputed deductions from those claimed on the return. Penalties for late tax returns Enter the result on line 7. Penalties for late tax returns Modified adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns   To refigure miscellaneous itemized deductions of an estate or trust (Form 1041, line 15c), modified adjusted gross income is the total of the following amounts. Penalties for late tax returns The adjusted gross income on the return. Penalties for late tax returns The amounts from lines 3 through 5 of the worksheet. Penalties for late tax returns The exemption amount from Form 1041, line 20. Penalties for late tax returns The NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years. Penalties for late tax returns   To refigure the casualty and theft loss deduction of an estate or trust, modified adjusted gross income is the total of the following amounts. Penalties for late tax returns The adjusted gross income amount you used to figure the deduction claimed on the return. Penalties for late tax returns The amounts from lines 3 through 5 of the worksheet. Penalties for late tax returns The NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years. Penalties for late tax returns Line 11. Penalties for late tax returns   Treat your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years as a positive amount. Penalties for late tax returns Add it to your adjusted gross income. Penalties for late tax returns Enter the result on line 11. Penalties for late tax returns Line 20. Penalties for late tax returns   Is your modified adjusted gross income from line 13 of this worksheet more than $100,000 ($50,000 if married filing separately)?   □ Yes. Penalties for late tax returns Your deduction is limited. Penalties for late tax returns Refigure your deduction using the Mortgage Insurance Premiums Deduction Worksheet in the 2013 Instructions for Form 1045. Penalties for late tax returns On line 2 of the Mortgage Insurance Premiums Deduction Worksheet, enter the amount from line 13 of this worksheet. Penalties for late tax returns   □ No. Penalties for late tax returns Your deduction is not limited. Penalties for late tax returns Enter the amount from line 19 on line 20 and enter -0- on line 21. Penalties for late tax returns Line 23. Penalties for late tax returns   If you had a contributions carryover from 2012 to 2013 and your NOL deduction includes an amount from an NOL year before 2012, you may have to reduce your contributions carryover. Penalties for late tax returns Reduce the contributions carryover by the amount of any adjustment you made to your 2012 charitable contributions deduction when figuring your NOL carryover to 2013. Penalties for late tax returns Use the reduced contributions carryover to figure the amount to enter on line 23. Penalties for late tax returns Please click here for the text description of the image. Penalties for late tax returns Worksheet for NOL Carryover Worksheet for NOL Carryover (Continued) How To Get Tax Help Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. Penalties for late tax returns Free help with your tax return. Penalties for late tax returns   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. Penalties for late tax returns The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. Penalties for late tax returns The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Penalties for late tax returns Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. Penalties for late tax returns In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. Penalties for late tax returns To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. Penalties for late tax returns   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. Penalties for late tax returns To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. Penalties for late tax returns aarp. Penalties for late tax returns org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. Penalties for late tax returns For more information on these programs, go to IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. Penalties for late tax returns Internet. Penalties for late tax returns    IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Penalties for late tax returns Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Penalties for late tax returns Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. Penalties for late tax returns Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. Penalties for late tax returns The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Penalties for late tax returns Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. Penalties for late tax returns You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Penalties for late tax returns The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Penalties for late tax returns Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. Penalties for late tax returns No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. Penalties for late tax returns The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. Penalties for late tax returns When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. Penalties for late tax returns New subject areas are added on a regular basis. Penalties for late tax returns  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. Penalties for late tax returns You can use the IRS Tax Map to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. Penalties for late tax returns The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. Penalties for late tax returns When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. Penalties for late tax returns Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. Penalties for late tax returns You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. Penalties for late tax returns Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. Penalties for late tax returns Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. Penalties for late tax returns Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. Penalties for late tax returns Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. Penalties for late tax returns If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. Penalties for late tax returns Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. Penalties for late tax returns You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Penalties for late tax returns It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Penalties for late tax returns Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov. Penalties for late tax returns Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov for more information. Penalties for late tax returns Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. Penalties for late tax returns Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov. Penalties for late tax returns Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. Penalties for late tax returns Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov. Penalties for late tax returns Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. Penalties for late tax returns Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. Penalties for late tax returns Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. Penalties for late tax returns An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Penalties for late tax returns Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. Penalties for late tax returns If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. Penalties for late tax returns Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. Penalties for late tax returns Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). Penalties for late tax returns Go to IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. Penalties for late tax returns Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. Penalties for late tax returns Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. Penalties for late tax returns Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. Penalties for late tax returns Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov and choose from a variety of options. Penalties for late tax returns Phone. Penalties for late tax returns    You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. Penalties for late tax returns Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Penalties for late tax returns Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov, or download the IRS2Go app. Penalties for late tax returns Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Penalties for late tax returns The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Penalties for late tax returns Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. Penalties for late tax returns Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. Penalties for late tax returns Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. Penalties for late tax returns Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. Penalties for late tax returns If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. Penalties for late tax returns The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Penalties for late tax returns Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Penalties for late tax returns Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. Penalties for late tax returns The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Penalties for late tax returns Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. Penalties for late tax returns Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. Penalties for late tax returns Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. Penalties for late tax returns You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Penalties for late tax returns It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Penalties for late tax returns Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). Penalties for late tax returns You should receive your order within 10 business days. Penalties for late tax returns Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. Penalties for late tax returns If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. Penalties for late tax returns Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. Penalties for late tax returns The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. Penalties for late tax returns These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. Penalties for late tax returns Walk-in. Penalties for late tax returns   You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in person. Penalties for late tax returns Products. Penalties for late tax returns You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. Penalties for late tax returns Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. Penalties for late tax returns Services. Penalties for late tax returns You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. Penalties for late tax returns An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Penalties for late tax returns Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. Penalties for late tax returns gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. Penalties for late tax returns Mail. Penalties for late tax returns   You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. Penalties for late tax returns You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. Penalties for late tax returns Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Penalties for late tax returns Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. Penalties for late tax returns The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. Penalties for late tax returns Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. Penalties for late tax returns   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. Penalties for late tax returns We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. Penalties for late tax returns You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. Penalties for late tax returns You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. Penalties for late tax returns   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. Penalties for late tax returns Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. Penalties for late tax returns Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. Penalties for late tax returns Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. Penalties for late tax returns We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Penalties for late tax returns   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. Penalties for late tax returns   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. Penalties for late tax returns If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. Penalties for late tax returns Low Income Taxpayer Clinics Low Income