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Mypay com 3. Mypay com   Personal Exemptions and Dependents Table of Contents What's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ExemptionsPersonal Exemptions Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying Child Qualifying Relative Phaseout of Exemptions Social Security Numbers for DependentsBorn and died in 2013. Mypay com Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. Mypay com Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. Mypay com What's New Exemption amount. Mypay com  The amount you can deduct for each exemption has increased. Mypay com It was $3,800 for 2012. Mypay com It is $3,900 for 2013. Mypay com Exemption phaseout. Mypay com  You lose at least part of the benefit of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. Mypay com For 2013, this amount is $150,000 for a married individual filing a separate return; $250,000 for a single individual; $275,000 for a head of household; and $300,000 for married individuals filing jointly or a qualifying widow(er). Mypay com See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Mypay com Introduction This chapter discusses the following topics. Mypay com Personal exemptions — You generally can take one for yourself and, if you are married, one for your spouse. Mypay com Exemptions for dependents — You generally can take an exemption for each of your dependents. Mypay com A dependent is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. Mypay com If you are entitled to claim an exemption for a dependent, that dependent cannot claim a personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Mypay com Phaseout of exemptions — Your deduction is reduced if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. Mypay com Social security number (SSN) requirement for dependents — You must list the SSN of any dependent for whom you claim an exemption. Mypay com Deduction. Mypay com   Exemptions reduce your taxable income. Mypay com You can deduct $3,900 for each exemption you claim in 2013. Mypay com But you may lose at least part of the dollar amount of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is more than a certain amount. Mypay com See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Mypay com How to claim exemptions. Mypay com    How you claim an exemption on your tax return depends on which form you file. Mypay com    If you file Form 1040EZ, the exemption amount is combined with the standard deduction amount and entered on line 5. Mypay com    If you file Form 1040A, complete lines 6a through 6d. Mypay com The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Mypay com Also complete line 26. Mypay com   If you file Form 1040, complete lines 6a through 6d. Mypay com The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Mypay com Also complete line 42. Mypay com Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 501 Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information Form (and Instructions) 2120 Multiple Support Declaration 8332 Release/Revocation of Release of Claim to Exemption for Child by Custodial Parent Exemptions There are two types of exemptions you may be able to take: Personal exemptions for yourself and your spouse, and Exemptions for dependents (dependency exemptions). Mypay com While each is worth the same amount ($3,900 for 2013), different rules apply to each type. Mypay com Personal Exemptions You are generally allowed one exemption for yourself. Mypay com If you are married, you may be allowed one exemption for your spouse. Mypay com These are called personal exemptions. Mypay com Your Own Exemption You can take one exemption for yourself unless you can be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Mypay com If another taxpayer is entitled to claim you as a dependent, you cannot take an exemption for yourself even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim you as a dependent. Mypay com Your Spouse's Exemption Your spouse is never considered your dependent. Mypay com Joint return. Mypay com   On a joint return you can claim one exemption for yourself and one for your spouse. Mypay com Separate return. Mypay com   If you file a separate return, you can claim an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse had no gross income, is not filing a return, and was not the dependent of another taxpayer. Mypay com This is true even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim your spouse as a dependent. Mypay com You can claim an exemption for your spouse even if he or she is a nonresident alien; in that case, your spouse must have no gross income for U. Mypay com S. Mypay com tax purposes, must not be filing a return, and must not be the dependent of another taxpayer. Mypay com Death of spouse. Mypay com   If your spouse died during the year and you file a joint return for yourself and your deceased spouse, you generally can claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just explained in Joint return . Mypay com If you file a separate return for the year, you may be able to claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just described in Separate return . Mypay com   If you remarried during the year, you cannot take an exemption for your deceased spouse. Mypay com   If you are a surviving spouse without gross income and you remarry in the year your spouse died, you can be claimed as an exemption on both the final separate return of your deceased spouse and the separate return of your new spouse for that year. Mypay com If you file a joint return with your new spouse, you can be claimed as an exemption only on that return. Mypay com Divorced or separated spouse. Mypay com   If you obtained a final decree of divorce or separate maintenance during the year, you cannot take your former spouse's exemption. Mypay com This rule applies even if you provided all of your former spouse's support. Mypay com Exemptions for Dependents You are allowed one exemption for each person you can claim as a dependent. Mypay com You can claim an exemption for a dependent even if your dependent files a return. Mypay com The term “dependent” means: A qualifying child, or A qualifying relative. Mypay com The terms “ qualifying child ” and “ qualifying relative ” are defined later. Mypay com You can claim an exemption for a qualifying child or qualifying relative only if these three tests are met. Mypay com Dependent taxpayer test. Mypay com Joint return test. Mypay com Citizen or resident test. Mypay com These three tests are explained in detail later. Mypay com All the requirements for claiming an exemption for a dependent are summarized in Table 3-1. Mypay com Table 3-1. Mypay com Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent Caution. Mypay com This table is only an overview of the rules. Mypay com For details, see the rest of this chapter. Mypay com You cannot claim any dependents if you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) could be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Mypay com   You cannot claim a married person who files a joint return as a dependent unless that joint return is filed only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid. Mypay com   You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen, U. Mypay com S. Mypay com resident alien, U. Mypay com S. Mypay com national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. Mypay com 1  You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. Mypay com   Tests To Be a Qualifying Child   Tests To Be a Qualifying Relative The child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them. Mypay com   The child must be (a) under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), (b) under age 24 at the end of the year, a student, and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), or (c) any age if permanently and totally disabled. Mypay com   The child must have lived with you for more than half of the year. Mypay com 2  The child must not have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. Mypay com   The child is not filing a joint return for the year (unless that return is filed only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid). Mypay com  If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. Mypay com See the Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person to find out which person is the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child. Mypay com   The person cannot be your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Mypay com   The person either (a) must be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , or (b) must live with you all year as a member of your household2 (and your relationship must not violate local law). Mypay com   The person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. Mypay com 3  You must provide more than half of the person's total support for the year. Mypay com 4  1There is an exception for certain adopted children. Mypay com 2There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Mypay com 3There is an exception if the person is disabled and has income from a sheltered workshop. Mypay com 4There are exceptions for multiple support agreements, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Mypay com Dependent not allowed a personal exemption. Mypay com If you can claim an exemption for your dependent, the dependent cannot claim his or her own personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Mypay com This is true even if you do not claim the dependent's exemption on your return. Mypay com It is also true if the dependent's exemption on your return is reduced or eliminated under the phaseout rule described under Phaseout of Exemptions, later. Mypay com Housekeepers, maids, or servants. Mypay com   If these people work for you, you cannot claim exemptions for them. Mypay com Child tax credit. Mypay com   You may be entitled to a child tax credit for each qualifying child who was under age 17 at the end of the year if you claimed an exemption for that child. Mypay com For more information, see chapter 34. Mypay com Dependent Taxpayer Test If you can be claimed as a dependent by another person, you cannot claim anyone else as a dependent. Mypay com Even if you have a qualifying child or qualifying relative, you cannot claim that person as a dependent. Mypay com If you are filing a joint return and your spouse can be claimed as a dependent by someone else, you and your spouse cannot claim any dependents on your joint return. Mypay com Joint Return Test You generally cannot claim a married person as a dependent if he or she files a joint return. Mypay com Exception. Mypay com   You can claim an exemption for a person who files a joint return if that person and his or her spouse file the joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Mypay com Example 1—child files joint return. Mypay com You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. Mypay com He earned $25,000 for the year. Mypay com The couple files a joint return. Mypay com You cannot take an exemption for your daughter. Mypay com Example 2—child files joint return only as claim for refund of withheld tax. Mypay com Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. Mypay com Neither is required to file a tax return. Mypay com They do not have a child. Mypay com Taxes were taken out of their pay so they filed a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. Mypay com The exception to the joint return test applies, so you are not disqualified from claiming an exemption for each of them just because they file a joint return. Mypay com You can claim exemptions for each of them if all the other tests to do so are met. Mypay com Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. Mypay com He and his wife are not required to file a tax return. Mypay com However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. Mypay com Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Mypay com The exception to the joint return test does not apply, so you cannot claim an exemption for either of them. Mypay com Citizen or Resident Test You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen, U. Mypay com S. Mypay com resident alien, U. Mypay com S. Mypay com national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. Mypay com However, there is an exception for certain adopted children, as explained next. Mypay com Exception for adopted child. Mypay com   If you are a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen or U. Mypay com S. Mypay com national who has legally adopted a child who is not a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen, U. Mypay com S. Mypay com resident alien, or U. Mypay com S. Mypay com national, this test is met if the child lived with you as a member of your household all year. Mypay com This exception also applies if the child was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Mypay com Child's place of residence. Mypay com   Children usually are citizens or residents of the country of their parents. Mypay com   If you were a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen when your child was born, the child may be a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen and meet this test even if the other parent was a nonresident alien and the child was born in a foreign country. Mypay com Foreign students' place of residence. Mypay com   Foreign students brought to this country under a qualified international education exchange program and placed in American homes for a temporary period generally are not U. Mypay com S. Mypay com residents and do not meet this test. Mypay com You cannot claim an exemption for them. Mypay com However, if you provided a home for a foreign student, you may be able to take a charitable contribution deduction. Mypay com See Expenses Paid for Student Living With You in chapter 24. Mypay com U. Mypay com S. Mypay com national. Mypay com   A U. Mypay com S. Mypay com national is an individual who, although not a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen, owes his or her allegiance to the United States. Mypay com U. Mypay com S. Mypay com nationals include American Samoans and Northern Mariana Islanders who chose to become U. Mypay com S. Mypay com nationals instead of U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizens. Mypay com Qualifying Child Five tests must be met for a child to be your qualifying child. Mypay com The five tests are: Relationship, Age, Residency, Support, and Joint return. Mypay com These tests are explained next. Mypay com If a child meets the five tests to be the qualifying child of more than one person, a special rule applies to determine which person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. Mypay com See Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person, later. Mypay com Relationship Test To meet this test, a child must be: Your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant (for example, your grandchild) of any of them, or Your brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant (for example, your niece or nephew) of any of them. Mypay com Adopted child. Mypay com   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. Mypay com The term “adopted child” includes a child who was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Mypay com Foster child. Mypay com   A foster child is an individual who is placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. Mypay com Age Test To meet this test, a child must be: Under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), A student under age 24 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly), or Permanently and totally disabled at any time during the year, regardless of age. Mypay com Example. Mypay com Your son turned 19 on December 10. Mypay com Unless he was permanently and totally disabled or a student, he does not meet the age test because, at the end of the year, he was not under age 19. Mypay com Child must be younger than you or spouse. Mypay com   To be your qualifying child, a child who is not permanently and totally disabled must be younger than you. Mypay com However, if you are married filing jointly, the child must be younger than you or your spouse but does not have to be younger than both of you. Mypay com Example 1—child not younger than you or spouse. Mypay com Your 23-year-old brother, who is a student and unmarried, lives with you and your spouse. Mypay com He is not disabled. Mypay com Both you and your spouse are 21 years old, and you file a joint return. Mypay com Your brother is not your qualifying child because he is not younger than you or your spouse. Mypay com Example 2—child younger than your spouse but not younger than you. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your spouse is 25 years old. Mypay com Because your brother is younger than your spouse, and you and your spouse are filing a joint return, your brother is your qualifying child, even though he is not younger than you. Mypay com Student defined. Mypay com   To qualify as a student, your child must be, during some part of each of any 5 calendar months of the year: A full-time student at a school that has a regular teaching staff, course of study, and a regularly enrolled student body at the school, or A student taking a full-time, on-farm training course given by a school described in (1), or by a state, county, or local government agency. Mypay com The 5 calendar months do not have to be consecutive. Mypay com Full-time student. Mypay com   A full-time student is a student who is enrolled for the number of hours or courses the school considers to be full-time attendance. Mypay com School defined. Mypay com   A school can be an elementary school, junior or senior high school, college, university, or technical, trade, or mechanical school. Mypay com However, an on-the-job training course, correspondence school, or school offering courses only through the Internet does not count as a school. Mypay com Vocational high school students. Mypay com   Students who work on “co-op” jobs in private industry as a part of a school's regular course of classroom and practical training are considered full-time students. Mypay com Permanently and totally disabled. Mypay com   Your child is permanently and totally disabled if both of the following apply. Mypay com He or she cannot engage in any substantial gainful activity because of a physical or mental condition. Mypay com A doctor determines the condition has lasted or can be expected to last continuously for at least a year or can lead to death. Mypay com Residency Test To meet this test, your child must have lived with you for more than half the year. Mypay com There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, kidnapped children, and children of divorced or separated parents. Mypay com Temporary absences. Mypay com   Your child is considered to have lived with you during periods of time when one of you, or both, are temporarily absent due to special circumstances such as: Illness, Education, Business, Vacation, or Military service. Mypay com Your child is also considered to have lived with you during any required hospital stay following birth, as long as the child would have lived with you during that time but for the hospitalization. Mypay com Death or birth of child. Mypay com   A child who was born or died during the year is treated as having lived with you more than half of the year if your home was the child's home more than half of the time he or she was alive during the year. Mypay com Child born alive. Mypay com   You may be able to claim an exemption for a child born alive during the year, even if the child lived only for a moment. Mypay com State or local law must treat the child as having been born alive. Mypay com There must be proof of a live birth shown by an official document, such as a birth certificate. Mypay com The child must be your qualifying child or qualifying relative, and all the other tests to claim an exemption for a dependent must be met. Mypay com Stillborn child. Mypay com   You cannot claim an exemption for a stillborn child. Mypay com Kidnapped child. Mypay com   You may be able to treat your child as meeting the residency test even if the child has been kidnapped. Mypay com See Publication 501 for details. Mypay com Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). Mypay com   In most cases, because of the residency test, a child of divorced or separated parents is the qualifying child of the custodial parent. Mypay com However, the child will be treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent if all four of the following statements are true. Mypay com The parents: Are divorced or legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance, Are separated under a written separation agreement, or Lived apart at all times during the last 6 months of the year, whether or not they are or were married. Mypay com The child received over half of his or her support for the year from the parents. Mypay com The child is in the custody of one or both parents for more than half of the year. Mypay com Either of the following statements is true. Mypay com The custodial parent signs a written declaration, discussed later, that he or she will not claim the child as a dependent for the year, and the noncustodial parent attaches this written declaration to his or her return. Mypay com (If the decree or agreement went into effect after 1984 and before 2009, see Post-1984 and pre-2009 divorce decree or separation agreement , later. Mypay com If the decree or agreement went into effect after 2008, see Post-2008 divorce decree or separation agreement , later. Mypay com ) A pre-1985 decree of divorce or separate maintenance or written separation agreement that applies to 2013 states that the noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent, the decree or agreement was not changed after 1984 to say the noncustodial parent cannot claim the child as a dependent, and the noncustodial parent provides at least $600 for the child's support during the year. Mypay com Custodial parent and noncustodial parent. Mypay com   The custodial parent is the parent with whom the child lived for the greater number of nights during the year. Mypay com The other parent is the noncustodial parent. Mypay com   If the parents divorced or separated during the year and the child lived with both parents before the separation, the custodial parent is the one with whom the child lived for the greater number of nights during the rest of the year. Mypay com   A child is treated as living with a parent for a night if the child sleeps: At that parent's home, whether or not the parent is present, or In the company of the parent, when the child does not sleep at a parent's home (for example, the parent and child are on vacation together). Mypay com Equal number of nights. Mypay com   If the child lived with each parent for an equal number of nights during the year, the custodial parent is the parent with the higher adjusted gross income (AGI). Mypay com December 31. Mypay com   The night of December 31 is treated as part of the year in which it begins. Mypay com For example, December 31, 2013, is treated as part of 2013. Mypay com Emancipated child. Mypay com   If a child is emancipated under state law, the child is treated as not living with either parent. Mypay com See Examples 5 and 6. Mypay com Absences. Mypay com   If a child was not with either parent on a particular night (because, for example, the child was staying at a friend's house), the child is treated as living with the parent with whom the child normally would have lived for that night, except for the absence. Mypay com But if it cannot be determined with which parent the child normally would have lived or if the child would not have lived with either parent that night, the child is treated as not living with either parent that night. Mypay com Parent works at night. Mypay com   If, due to a parent's nighttime work schedule, a child lives for a greater number of days, but not nights, with the parent who works at night, that parent is treated as the custodial parent. Mypay com On a school day, the child is treated as living at the primary residence registered with the school. Mypay com Example 1—child lived with one parent for a greater number of nights. Mypay com You and your child’s other parent are divorced. Mypay com In 2013, your child lived with you 210 nights and with the other parent 155 nights. Mypay com You are the custodial parent. Mypay com Example 2—child is away at camp. Mypay com In 2013, your daughter lives with each parent for alternate weeks. Mypay com In the summer, she spends 6 weeks at summer camp. Mypay com During the time she is at camp, she is treated as living with you for 3 weeks and with her other parent, your ex-spouse, for 3 weeks because this is how long she would have lived with each parent if she had not attended summer camp. Mypay com Example 3—child lived same number of nights with each parent. Mypay com Your son lived with you 180 nights during the year and lived the same number of nights with his other parent, your ex-spouse. Mypay com Your AGI is $40,000. Mypay com Your ex-spouse's AGI is $25,000. Mypay com You are treated as your son's custodial parent because you have the higher AGI. Mypay com Example 4—child is at parent’s home but with other parent. Mypay com Your son normally lives with you during the week and with his other parent, your ex-spouse, every other weekend. Mypay com You become ill and are hospitalized. Mypay com The other parent lives in your home with your son for 10 consecutive days while you are in the hospital. Mypay com Your son is treated as living with you during this 10-day period because he was living in your home. Mypay com Example 5—child emancipated in May. Mypay com When your son turned age 18 in May 2013, he became emancipated under the law of the state where he lives. Mypay com As a result, he is not considered in the custody of his parents for more than half of the year. Mypay com The special rule for children of divorced or separated parents does not apply. Mypay com Example 6—child emancipated in August. Mypay com Your daughter lives with you from January 1, 2013, until May 31, 2013, and lives with her other parent, your ex-spouse, from June 1, 2013, through the end of the year. Mypay com She turns 18 and is emancipated under state law on August 1, 2013. Mypay com Because she is treated as not living with either parent beginning on August 1, she is treated as living with you the greater number of nights in 2013. Mypay com You are the custodial parent. Mypay com Written declaration. Mypay com    The custodial parent may use either Form 8332 or a similar statement (containing the same information required by the form) to make the written declaration to release the exemption to the noncustodial parent. Mypay com The noncustodial parent must attach a copy of the form or statement to his or her tax return. Mypay com   The exemption can be released for 1 year, for a number of specified years (for example, alternate years), or for all future years, as specified in the declaration. Mypay com Post-1984 and pre-2009 divorce decree or separation agreement. Mypay com   If the divorce decree or separation agreement went into effect after 1984 and before 2009, the noncustodial parent may be able to attach certain pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332. Mypay com The decree or agreement must state all three of the following. Mypay com The noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent without regard to any condition, such as payment of support. Mypay com The custodial parent will not claim the child as a dependent for the year. Mypay com The years for which the noncustodial parent, rather than the custodial parent, can claim the child as a dependent. Mypay com   The noncustodial parent must attach all of the following pages of the decree or agreement to his or her tax return. Mypay com The cover page (write the other parent's social security number on this page). Mypay com The pages that include all of the information identified in items (1) through (3) above. Mypay com The signature page with the other parent's signature and the date of the agreement. Mypay com Post-2008 divorce decree or separation agreement. Mypay com   The noncustodial parent cannot attach pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332 if the decree or agreement went into effect after 2008. Mypay com The custodial parent must sign either Form 8332 or a similar statement whose only purpose is to release the custodial parent's claim to an exemption for a child, and the noncustodial parent must attach a copy to his or her return. Mypay com The form or statement must release the custodial parent's claim to the child without any conditions. Mypay com For example, the release must not depend on the noncustodial parent paying support. Mypay com    The noncustodial parent must attach the required information even if it was filed with a return in an earlier year. Mypay com Revocation of release of claim to an exemption. Mypay com   The custodial parent can revoke a release of claim to exemption that he or she previously released to the noncustodial parent on Form 8332 (or a similar statement). Mypay com For the revocation to be effective for 2013, the custodial parent must have given (or made reasonable efforts to give) written notice of the revocation to the noncustodial parent in 2012 or earlier. Mypay com The custodial parent can use Part III of Form 8332 for this purpose and must attach a copy of the revocation to his or her return for each tax year he or she claims the child as a dependent as a result of the revocation. Mypay com Remarried parent. Mypay com   If you remarry, the support provided by your new spouse is treated as provided by you. Mypay com Parents who never married. Mypay com   This special rule for divorced or separated parents also applies to parents who never married, and who lived apart at all times during the last 6 months of the year. Mypay com Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) To meet this test, the child cannot have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. Mypay com This test is different from the support test to be a qualifying relative, which is described later. Mypay com However, to see what is or is not support, see Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Relative) , later. Mypay com If you are not sure whether a child provided more than half of his or her own support, you may find Worksheet 3-1 helpful. Mypay com Worksheet 3-1. Mypay com Worksheet for Determining Support Funds Belonging to the Person You Supported       1. Mypay com Enter the total funds belonging to the person you supported, including income received (taxable and nontaxable) and amounts borrowed during the year, plus the amount in savings and other accounts at the beginning of the year. Mypay com Do not include funds provided by the state; include those amounts on line 23 instead 1. Mypay com     2. Mypay com Enter the amount on line 1 that was used for the person's support 2. Mypay com     3. Mypay com Enter the amount on line 1 that was used for other purposes 3. Mypay com     4. Mypay com Enter the total amount in the person's savings and other accounts at the end of the year 4. Mypay com     5. Mypay com Add lines 2 through 4. Mypay com (This amount should equal line 1. Mypay com ) 5. Mypay com     Expenses for Entire Household (where the person you supported lived)       6. Mypay com Lodging (complete line 6a or 6b):         a. Mypay com Enter the total rent paid 6a. Mypay com       b. Mypay com Enter the fair rental value of the home. Mypay com If the person you supported owned the home,  also include this amount in line 21 6b. Mypay com     7. Mypay com Enter the total food expenses 7. Mypay com     8. Mypay com Enter the total amount of utilities (heat, light, water, etc. Mypay com not included in line 6a or 6b) 8. Mypay com     9. Mypay com Enter the total amount of repairs (not included in line 6a or 6b) 9. Mypay com     10. Mypay com Enter the total of other expenses. Mypay com Do not include expenses of maintaining the home, such as mortgage interest, real estate taxes, and insurance 10. Mypay com     11. Mypay com Add lines 6a through 10. Mypay com These are the total household expenses 11. Mypay com     12. Mypay com Enter total number of persons who lived in the household 12. Mypay com     Expenses for the Person You Supported       13. Mypay com Divide line 11 by line 12. Mypay com This is the person's share of the household expenses 13. Mypay com     14. Mypay com Enter the person's total clothing expenses 14. Mypay com     15. Mypay com Enter the person's total education expenses 15. Mypay com     16. Mypay com Enter the person's total medical and dental expenses not paid for or reimbursed by insurance 16. Mypay com     17. Mypay com Enter the person's total travel and recreation expenses 17. Mypay com     18. Mypay com Enter the total of the person's other expenses 18. Mypay com     19. Mypay com Add lines 13 through 18. Mypay com This is the total cost of the person's support for the year 19. Mypay com     Did the Person Provide More Than Half of His or Her Own Support?       20. Mypay com Multiply line 19 by 50% (. Mypay com 50) 20. Mypay com     21. Mypay com Enter the amount from line 2, plus the amount from line 6b if the person you supported owned  the home. Mypay com This is the amount the person provided for his or her own support 21. Mypay com     22. Mypay com Is line 21 more than line 20?   No. Mypay com You meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying child. Mypay com If this person also meets the other tests to be a qualifying child, stop here; do not complete lines 23–26. Mypay com Otherwise, go to line 23 and fill out the rest of the worksheet to determine if this person is your qualifying relative. Mypay com    Yes. Mypay com You do not meet the support test for this person to be either your qualifying child or your qualifying relative. Mypay com Stop here. Mypay com        Did You Provide More Than Half?       23. Mypay com Enter the amount others provided for the person's support. Mypay com Include amounts provided by state, local, and other welfare societies or agencies. Mypay com Do not include any amounts included on line 1 23. Mypay com     24. Mypay com Add lines 21 and 23 24. Mypay com     25. Mypay com Subtract line 24 from line 19. Mypay com This is the amount you provided for the person's support 25. Mypay com     26. Mypay com Is line 25 more than line 20?   Yes. Mypay com You meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying relative. Mypay com    No. Mypay com You do not meet the support test for this person to be your qualifying relative. Mypay com You cannot claim an exemption for this person unless you can do so under a multiple support agreement, the support test for children of divorced or separated parents, or the special rule for kidnapped children. Mypay com See Multiple Support Agreement or Support Test for Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) , or Kidnapped child under Qualifying Relative. Mypay com   Example. Mypay com You provided $4,000 toward your 16-year-old son's support for the year. Mypay com He has a part-time job and provided $6,000 to his own support. Mypay com He provided more than half of his own support for the year. Mypay com He is not your qualifying child. Mypay com Foster care payments and expenses. Mypay com   Payments you receive for the support of a foster child from a child placement agency are considered support provided by the agency. Mypay com Similarly, payments you receive for the support of a foster child from a state or county are considered support provided by the state or county. Mypay com   If you are not in the trade or business of providing foster care and your unreimbursed out-of-pocket expenses in caring for a foster child were mainly to benefit an organization qualified to receive deductible charitable contributions, the expenses are deductible as charitable contributions but are not considered support you provided. Mypay com For more information about the deduction for charitable contributions, see chapter 24. Mypay com If your unreimbursed expenses are not deductible as charitable contributions, they may qualify as support you provided. Mypay com   If you are in the trade or business of providing foster care, your unreimbursed expenses are not considered support provided by you. Mypay com Example 1. Mypay com Lauren, a foster child, lived with Mr. Mypay com and Mrs. Mypay com Smith for the last 3 months of the year. Mypay com The Smiths cared for Lauren because they wanted to adopt her (although she had not been placed with them for adoption). Mypay com They did not care for her as a trade or business or to benefit the agency that placed her in their home. Mypay com The Smiths' unreimbursed expenses are not deductible as charitable contributions but are considered support they provided for Lauren. Mypay com Example 2. Mypay com You provided $3,000 toward your 10-year-old foster child's support for the year. Mypay com The state government provided $4,000, which is considered support provided by the state, not by the child. Mypay com See Support provided by the state (welfare, food stamps, housing, etc. Mypay com ) , later. Mypay com Your foster child did not provide more than half of her own support for the year. Mypay com Scholarships. Mypay com   A scholarship received by a child who is a student is not taken into account in determining whether the child provided more than half of his or her own support. Mypay com Joint Return Test (To Be a Qualifying Child) To meet this test, the child cannot file a joint return for the year. Mypay com Exception. Mypay com   An exception to the joint return test applies if your child and his or her spouse file a joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Mypay com Example 1—child files joint return. Mypay com You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. Mypay com He earned $25,000 for the year. Mypay com The couple files a joint return. Mypay com Because your daughter and her husband file a joint return, she is not your qualifying child. Mypay com Example 2—child files joint return only as a claim for refund of withheld tax. Mypay com Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. Mypay com Neither is required to file a tax return. Mypay com They do not have a child. Mypay com Taxes were taken out of their pay so they filed a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. Mypay com The exception to the joint return test applies, so your son may be your qualifying child if all the other tests are met. Mypay com Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. Mypay com He and his wife were not required to file a tax return. Mypay com However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. Mypay com Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Mypay com The exception to the joint return test does not apply, so your son is not your qualifying child. Mypay com Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person If your qualifying child is not a qualifying child of anyone else, this special rule does not apply to you and you do not need to read about it. Mypay com This is also true if your qualifying child is not a qualifying child of anyone else except your spouse with whom you file a joint return. Mypay com If a child is treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent under the rules for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) described earlier, see Applying this special rule to divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), later. Mypay com Sometimes, a child meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests to be a qualifying child of more than one person. Mypay com Although the child is a qualifying child of each of these persons, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child to take all of the following tax benefits (provided the person is eligible for each benefit). Mypay com The exemption for the child. Mypay com The child tax credit. Mypay com Head of household filing status. Mypay com The credit for child and dependent care expenses. Mypay com The exclusion from income for dependent care benefits. Mypay com The earned income credit. Mypay com The other person cannot take any of these benefits based on this qualifying child. Mypay com In other words, you and the other person cannot agree to divide these benefits between you. Mypay com The other person cannot take any of these tax benefits for a child unless he or she has a different qualifying child. Mypay com Tiebreaker rules. Mypay com   To determine which person can treat the child as a qualifying child to claim these six tax benefits, the following tiebreaker rules apply. Mypay com If only one of the persons is the child's parent, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the parent. Mypay com If the parents file a joint return together and can claim the child as a qualifying child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the parents. Mypay com If the parents do not file a joint return together but both parents claim the child as a qualifying child, the IRS will treat the child as the qualifying child of the parent with whom the child lived for the longer period of time during the year. Mypay com If the child lived with each parent for the same amount of time, the IRS will treat the child as the qualifying child of the parent who had the higher adjusted gross income (AGI) for the year. Mypay com If no parent can claim the child as a qualifying child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the person who had the highest AGI for the year. Mypay com If a parent can claim the child as a qualifying child but no parent does so claim the child, the child is treated as the qualifying child of the person who had the highest AGI for the year, but only if that person's AGI is higher than the highest AGI of any of the child's parents who can claim the child. Mypay com If the child's parents file a joint return with each other, this rule can be applied by dividing the parents' combined AGI equally between the parents. Mypay com See Example 6 . Mypay com   Subject to these tiebreaker rules, you and the other person may be able to choose which of you claims the child as a qualifying child. Mypay com Example 1—child lived with parent and grandparent. Mypay com You and your 3-year-old daughter Jane lived with your mother all year. Mypay com You are 25 years old, unmarried, and your AGI is $9,000. Mypay com Your mother's AGI is $15,000. Mypay com Jane's father did not live with you or your daughter. Mypay com You have not signed Form 8332 (or a similar statement) to release the child's exemption to the noncustodial parent. Mypay com Jane is a qualifying child of both you and your mother because she meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. Mypay com However, only one of you can claim her. Mypay com Jane is not a qualifying child of anyone else, including her father. Mypay com You agree to let your mother claim Jane. Mypay com This means your mother can claim Jane as a qualifying child for all of the six tax benefits listed earlier, if she qualifies (and if you do not claim Jane as a qualifying child for any of those tax benefits). Mypay com Example 2—parent has higher AGI than grandparent. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your AGI is $18,000. Mypay com Because your mother's AGI is not higher than yours, she cannot claim Jane. Mypay com Only you can claim Jane. Mypay com Example 3—two persons claim same child. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that you and your mother both claim Jane as a qualifying child. Mypay com In this case, you, as the child's parent, will be the only one allowed to claim Jane as a qualifying child. Mypay com The IRS will disallow your mother's claim to the six tax benefits listed earlier unless she has another qualifying child. Mypay com Example 4—qualifying children split between two persons. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you also have two other young children who are qualifying children of both you and your mother. Mypay com Only one of you can claim each child. Mypay com However, if your mother's AGI is higher than yours, you can allow your mother to claim one or more of the children. Mypay com For example, if you claim one child, your mother can claim the other two. Mypay com Example 5—taxpayer who is a qualifying child. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you are only 18 years old and did not provide more than half of your own support for the year. Mypay com This means you are your mother's qualifying child. Mypay com If she can claim you as a dependent, then you cannot claim your daughter as a dependent because of the Dependent Taxpayer Test explained earlier. Mypay com Example 6—child lived with both parents and grandparent. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you are married to your daughter's father. Mypay com The two of you live together with your daughter and your mother, and have an AGI of $20,000 on a joint return. Mypay com If you and your husband do not claim your daughter as a qualifying child, your mother can claim her instead. Mypay com Even though the AGI on your joint return, $20,000, is more than your mother's AGI of $15,000, for this purpose each parent's AGI can be treated as $10,000, so your mother's $15,000 AGI is treated as higher than the highest AGI of any of the child's parents who can claim the child. Mypay com Example 7—separated parents. Mypay com You, your husband, and your 10-year-old son lived together until August 1, 2013, when your husband moved out of the household. Mypay com In August and September, your son lived with you. Mypay com For the rest of the year, your son lived with your husband, the boy's father. Mypay com Your son is a qualifying child of both you and your husband because your son lived with each of you for more than half the year and because he met the relationship, age, support, and joint return tests for both of you. Mypay com At the end of the year, you and your husband still were not divorced, legally separated, or separated under a written separation agreement, so the rule for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) does not apply. Mypay com You and your husband will file separate returns. Mypay com Your husband agrees to let you treat your son as a qualifying child. Mypay com This means, if your husband does not claim your son as a qualifying child, you can claim your son as a qualifying child for the dependency exemption, child tax credit, and exclusion for dependent care benefits (if you qualify for each of those tax benefits). Mypay com However, you cannot claim head of household filing status because you and your husband did not live apart for the last 6 months of the year. Mypay com As a result, your filing status is married filing separately, so you cannot claim the earned income credit or the credit for child and dependent care expenses. Mypay com Example 8—separated parents claim same child. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 7 except that you and your husband both claim your son as a qualifying child. Mypay com In this case, only your husband will be allowed to treat your son as a qualifying child. Mypay com This is because, during 2013, the boy lived with him longer than with you. Mypay com If you claimed an exemption or the child tax credit for your son, the IRS will disallow your claim to both these tax benefits. Mypay com If you do not have another qualifying child or dependent, the IRS will also disallow your claim to the exclusion for dependent care benefits. Mypay com In addition, because you and your husband did not live apart for the last 6 months of the year, your husband cannot claim head of household filing status. Mypay com As a result, his filing status is married filing separately, so he cannot claim the earned income credit or the credit for child and dependent care expenses. Mypay com Example 9—unmarried parents. Mypay com You, your 5-year-old son, and your son's father lived together all year. Mypay com You and your son's father are not married. Mypay com Your son is a qualifying child of both you and his father because he meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and his father. Mypay com Your AGI is $12,000 and your son's father's AGI is $14,000. Mypay com Your son's father agrees to let you claim the child as a qualifying child. Mypay com This means you can claim him as a qualifying child for the dependency exemption, child tax credit, head of household filing status, credit for child and dependent care expenses, exclusion for dependent care benefits, and the earned income credit, if you qualify for each of those tax benefits (and if your son's father does not, in fact, claim your son as a qualifying child for any of those tax benefits). Mypay com Example 10—unmarried parents claim same child. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 9 except that you and your son's father both claim your son as a qualifying child. Mypay com In this case, only your son's father will be allowed to treat your son as a qualifying child. Mypay com This is because his AGI, $14,000, is more than your AGI, $12,000. Mypay com If you claimed an exemption or the child tax credit for your son, the IRS will disallow your claim to both these tax benefits. Mypay com If you do not have another qualifying child or dependent, the IRS will also disallow your claim to the earned income credit, head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, and the exclusion for dependent care benefits. Mypay com Example 11—child did not live with a parent. Mypay com You and your 7-year-old niece, your sister's child, lived with your mother all year. Mypay com You are 25 years old, and your AGI is $9,300. Mypay com Your mother's AGI is $15,000. Mypay com Your niece's parents file jointly, have an AGI of less than $9,000, and do not live with you or their child. Mypay com Your niece is a qualifying child of both you and your mother because she meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. Mypay com However, only your mother can treat her as a qualifying child. Mypay com This is because your mother's AGI, $15,000, is more than your AGI, $9,300. Mypay com Applying this special rule to divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart). Mypay com   If a child is treated as the qualifying child of the noncustodial parent under the rules described earlier for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), only the noncustodial parent can claim an exemption and the child tax credit for the child. Mypay com However, the custodial parent, if eligible, or other eligible person can claim the child as a qualifying child for head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, the exclusion for dependent care benefits, and the earned income credit. Mypay com If the child is the qualifying child of more than one person for these benefits, then the tiebreaker rules just explained determine which person can treat the child as a qualifying child. Mypay com Example 1. Mypay com You and your 5-year-old son lived all year with your mother, who paid the entire cost of keeping up the home. Mypay com Your AGI is $10,000. Mypay com Your mother's AGI is $25,000. Mypay com Your son's father did not live with you or your son. Mypay com Under the rules explained earlier for children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), your son is treated as the qualifying child of his father, who can claim an exemption and the child tax credit for him. Mypay com Because of this, you cannot claim an exemption or the child tax credit for your son. Mypay com However, your son's father cannot claim your son as a qualifying child for head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, the exclusion for dependent care benefits, or the earned income credit. Mypay com You and your mother did not have any child care expenses or dependent care benefits, so neither of you can claim the credit for child and dependent care expenses or the exclusion for dependent care benefits. Mypay com But the boy is a qualifying child of both you and your mother for head of household filing status and the earned income credit because he meets the relationship, age, residency, support, and joint return tests for both you and your mother. Mypay com (Note: The support test does not apply for the earned income credit. Mypay com ) However, you agree to let your mother claim your son. Mypay com This means she can claim him for head of household filing status and the earned income credit if she qualifies for each and if you do not claim him as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. Mypay com (You cannot claim head of household filing status because your mother paid the entire cost of keeping up the home. Mypay com ) Example 2. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your AGI is $25,000 and your mother's AGI is $21,000. Mypay com Your mother cannot claim your son as a qualifying child for any purpose because her AGI is not higher than yours. Mypay com Example 3. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except you and your mother both claim your son as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. Mypay com Your mother also claims him as a qualifying child for head of household filing status. Mypay com You, as the child's parent, will be the only one allowed to claim your son as a qualifying child for the earned income credit. Mypay com The IRS will disallow your mother's claim to the earned income credit and head of household filing status unless she has another qualifying child. Mypay com Qualifying Relative Four tests must be met for a person to be your qualifying relative. Mypay com The four tests are: Not a qualifying child test, Member of household or relationship test, Gross income test, and Support test. Mypay com Age. Mypay com   Unlike a qualifying child, a qualifying relative can be any age. Mypay com There is no age test for a qualifying relative. Mypay com Kidnapped child. Mypay com   You may be able to treat a child as your qualifying relative even if the child has been kidnapped. Mypay com See Publication 501 for details. Mypay com Not a Qualifying Child Test A child is not your qualifying relative if the child is your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Mypay com Example 1. Mypay com Your 22-year-old daughter, who is a student, lives with you and meets all the tests to be your qualifying child. Mypay com She is not your qualifying relative. Mypay com Example 2. Mypay com Your 2-year-old son lives with your parents and meets all the tests to be their qualifying child. Mypay com He is not your qualifying relative. Mypay com Example 3. Mypay com Your son lives with you but is not your qualifying child because he is 30 years old and does not meet the age test. Mypay com He may be your qualifying relative if the gross income test and the support test are met. Mypay com Example 4. Mypay com Your 13-year-old grandson lived with his mother for 3 months, with his uncle for 4 months, and with you for 5 months during the year. Mypay com He is not your qualifying child because he does not meet the residency test. Mypay com He may be your qualifying relative if the gross income test and the support test are met. Mypay com Child of person not required to file a return. Mypay com   A child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer and so may qualify as your qualifying relative if the child's parent (or other person for whom the child is defined as a qualifying child) is not required to file an income tax return and either: Does not file an income tax return, or Files a return only to get a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Mypay com Example 1—return not required. Mypay com You support an unrelated friend and her 3-year-old child, who lived with you all year in your home. Mypay com Your friend has no gross income, is not required to file a 2013 tax return, and does not file a 2013 tax return. Mypay com Both your friend and her child are your qualifying relatives if the support test is met. Mypay com Example 2—return filed to claim refund. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your friend had wages of $1,500 during the year and had income tax withheld from her wages. Mypay com She files a return only to get a refund of the income tax withheld and does not claim the earned income credit or any other tax credits or deductions. Mypay com Both your friend and her child are your qualifying relatives if the support test is met. Mypay com Example 3—earned income credit claimed. Mypay com The facts are the same as in Example 2 except your friend had wages of $8,000 during the year and claimed the earned income credit on her return. Mypay com Your friend's child is the qualifying child of another taxpayer (your friend), so you cannot claim your friend's child as your qualifying relative. Mypay com Child in Canada or Mexico. Mypay com   You may be able to claim your child as a dependent even if the child lives in Canada or Mexico. Mypay com If the child does not live with you, the child does not meet the residency test to be your qualifying child. Mypay com However, the child may still be your qualifying relative. Mypay com If the persons the child does live with are not U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizens and have no U. Mypay com S. Mypay com gross income, those persons are not “taxpayers,” so the child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Mypay com If the child is not the qualifying child of any other taxpayer, the child is your qualifying relative as long as the gross income test and the support test are met. Mypay com   You cannot claim as a dependent a child who lives in a foreign country other than Canada or Mexico, unless the child is a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen, U. Mypay com S. Mypay com resident alien, or U. Mypay com S. Mypay com national. Mypay com There is an exception for certain adopted children who lived with you all year. Mypay com See Citizen or Resident Test , earlier. Mypay com Example. Mypay com You provide all the support of your children, ages 6, 8, and 12, who live in Mexico with your mother and have no income. Mypay com You are single and live in the United States. Mypay com Your mother is not a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com citizen and has no U. Mypay com S. Mypay com income, so she is not a “taxpayer. Mypay com ” Your children are not your qualifying children because they do not meet the residency test. Mypay com But since they are not the qualifying children of any other taxpayer, they are your qualifying relatives and you can claim them as dependents. Mypay com You may also be able to claim your mother as a dependent if the gross income and support tests are met. Mypay com Member of Household or Relationship Test To meet this test, a person must either: Live with you all year as a member of your household, or Be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you . Mypay com If at any time during the year the person was your spouse, that person cannot be your qualifying relative. Mypay com However, see Personal Exemptions , earlier. Mypay com Relatives who do not have to live with you. Mypay com   A person related to you in any of the following ways does not have to live with you all year as a member of your household to meet this test. Mypay com Your child, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild). Mypay com (A legally adopted child is considered your child. Mypay com ) Your brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, or stepsister. Mypay com Your father, mother, grandparent, or other direct ancestor, but not foster parent. Mypay com Your stepfather or stepmother. Mypay com A son or daughter of your brother or sister. Mypay com A son or daughter of your half brother or half sister. Mypay com A brother or sister of your father or mother. Mypay com Your son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law. Mypay com Any of these relationships that were established by marriage are not ended by death or divorce. Mypay com Example. Mypay com You and your wife began supporting your wife's father, a widower, in 2006. Mypay com Your wife died in 2012. Mypay com Despite your wife's death, your father-in-law continues to meet this test, even if he does not live with you. Mypay com You can claim him as a dependent if all other tests are met, including the gross income test and support test. Mypay com Foster child. Mypay com   A foster child is an individual who is placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. Mypay com Joint return. Mypay com   If you file a joint return, the person can be related to either you or your spouse. Mypay com Also, the person does not need to be related to the spouse who provides support. Mypay com   For example, your spouse's uncle who receives more than half of his support from you may be your qualifying relative, even though he does not live with you. Mypay com However, if you and your spouse file separate returns, your spouse's uncle can be your qualifying relative only if he lives with you all year as a member of your household. Mypay com Temporary absences. Mypay com   A person is considered to live with you as a member of your household during periods of time when one of you, or both, are temporarily absent due to special circumstances such as: Illness, Education, Business, Vacation, or Military service. Mypay com   If the person is placed in a nursing home for an indefinite period of time to receive constant medical care, the absence may be considered temporary. Mypay com Death or birth. Mypay com   A person who died during the year, but lived with you as a member of your household until death, will meet this test. Mypay com The same is true for a child who was born during the year and lived with you as a member of your household for the rest of the year. Mypay com The test is also met if a child lived with you as a member of your household except for any required hospital stay following birth. Mypay com   If your dependent died during the year and you otherwise qualify to claim an exemption for the dependent, you can still claim the exemption. Mypay com Example. Mypay com Your dependent mother died on January 15. Mypay com She met the tests to be your qualifying relative. Mypay com The other tests to claim an exemption for a dependent were also met. Mypay com You can claim an exemption for her on your return. Mypay com Local law violated. Mypay com   A person does not meet this test if at any time during the year the relationship between you and that person violates local law. Mypay com Example. Mypay com Your girlfriend lived with you as a member of your household all year. Mypay com However, your relationship with her violated the laws of the state where you live, because she was married to someone else. Mypay com Therefore, she does not meet this test and you cannot claim her as a dependent. Mypay com Adopted child. Mypay com   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. Mypay com The term “adopted child” includes a child who was lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Mypay com Cousin. Mypay com   Your cousin meets this test only if he or she lives with you all year as a member of your household. Mypay com A cousin is a descendant of a brother or sister of your father or mother. Mypay com Gross Income Test To meet this test, a person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. Mypay com Gross income defined. Mypay com   Gross income is all income in the form of money, property, and services that is not exempt from tax. Mypay com   In a manufacturing, merchandising, or mining business, gross income is the total net sales minus the cost of goods sold, plus any miscellaneous income from the business. Mypay com   Gross receipts from rental property are gross income. Mypay com Do not deduct taxes, repairs, or other expenses, to determine the gross income from rental property. Mypay com   Gross income includes a partner's share of the gross (not a share of the net) partnership income. Mypay com    Gross income also includes all taxable unemployment compensation and certain scholarship and fellowship grants. Mypay com Scholarships received by degree candidates and used for tuition, fees, supplies, books, and equipment required for particular courses generally are not included in gross income. Mypay com For more information about scholarships, see chapter 12. Mypay com   Tax-exempt income, such as certain social security benefits, is not included in gross income. Mypay com Disabled dependent working at sheltered workshop. Mypay com   For purposes of the gross income test, the gross income of an individual who is permanently and totally disabled at any time during the year does not include income for services the individual performs at a sheltered workshop. Mypay com The availability of medical care at the workshop must be the main reason for the individual's presence there. Mypay com Also, the income must come solely from activities at the workshop that are incident to this medical care. Mypay com   A “sheltered workshop” is a school that: Provides special instruction or training designed to alleviate the disability of the individual, and Is operated by certain tax-exempt organizations, or by a state, a U. Mypay com S. Mypay com possession, a political subdivision of a state or possession, the United States, or the District of Columbia. Mypay com “Permanently and totally disabled” has the same meaning here as under Qualifying Child, earlier. Mypay com Support Test (To Be a Qualifying Relative) To meet this test, you generally must provide more than half of a person's total support during the calendar year. Mypay com However, if two or more persons provide support, but no one person provides more than half of a person's total support, see Multiple Support Agreement , later. Mypay com How to determine if support test is met. Mypay com   You figure whether you have provided more than half of a person's total support by comparing the amount you contributed to that person's support with the entire amount of support that person received from all sources. Mypay com This includes support the person provided from his or her own funds. Mypay com   You may find Worksheet 3-1 helpful in figuring whether you provided more than half of a person's support. Mypay com Person's own funds not used for support. Mypay com   A person's own funds are not support unless they are actually spent for support. Mypay com Example. Mypay com Your mother received $2,400 in social security benefits and $300 in interest. Mypay com She paid $2,000 for lodging and $400 for recreation. Mypay com She put $300 in a savings account. Mypay com Even though your mother received a total of $2,700 ($2,400 + $300), she spent only $2,400 ($2,000 + $400) for her own support. Mypay com If you spent more than $2,400 for her support and no other support was received, you have provided more than half of her support. Mypay com Child's wages used for own support. Mypay com   You cannot include in your contribution to your child's support any support paid for by the child with the child's own wages, even if you paid the wages. Mypay com Year support is provided. Mypay com   The year you provide the support is the year you pay for it, even if you do so with borrowed money that you repay in a later year. Mypay com   If you use a fiscal year to report your income, you must provide more than half of the dependent's support for the calendar year in which your fiscal year begins. Mypay com Armed Forces dependency allotments. Mypay com   The part of the allotment contributed by the government and the part taken out of your military pay are both considered provided by you in figuring whether you provide more than half of the support. Mypay com If your allotment is used to support persons other than those you name, you can take the exemptions for them if they otherwise qualify. Mypay com Example. Mypay com You are in the Armed Forces. Mypay com You authorize an allotment for your widowed mother that she uses to support herself and her sister. Mypay com If the allotment provides more than half of each person's support, you can take an exemption for each of them, if they otherwise qualify, even though you authorize the allotment only for your mother. Mypay com Tax-exempt military quarters allowances. Mypay com   These allowances are treated the same way as dependency allotments in figuring support. Mypay com The allotment of pay and the tax-exempt basic allowance for quarters are both considered as provided by you for support. Mypay com Tax-exempt income. Mypay com   In figuring a person's total support, include tax-exempt income, savings, and borrowed amounts used to support that person. Mypay com Tax-exempt income includes certain social security benefits, welfare benefits, nontaxable life insurance proceeds, Armed Forces family allotments, nontaxable pensions, and tax-exempt interest. Mypay com Example 1. Mypay com You provide $4,000 toward your mother's support during the year. Mypay com She has earned income of $600, nontaxable social security benefits of $4,800, and tax-exempt interest of $200. Mypay com She uses all these for her support. Mypay com You cannot claim an exemption for your mother because the $4,000 you provide is not more than half of her total support of $9,600 ($4,000 + $600 + $4,800 + $200). Mypay com Example 2. Mypay com Your niece takes out a student loan of $2,500 a