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Irs Tax Extension 2011

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Irs Tax Extension 2011

Irs tax extension 2011 3. Irs tax extension 2011   Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees (SIMPLE) Table of Contents Introduction What Is a SIMPLE Plan?Eligible Employees How Are Contributions Made? How Much Can Be Contributed on Your Behalf?Matching contributions less than 3%. Irs tax extension 2011 Traditional IRA mistakenly moved to SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets?Are Distributions Taxable? Introduction This chapter is for employees who need information about savings incentive match plans for employees (SIMPLE plans). Irs tax extension 2011 It explains what a SIMPLE plan is, contributions to a SIMPLE plan, and distributions from a SIMPLE plan. Irs tax extension 2011 Under a SIMPLE plan, SIMPLE retirement accounts for participating employees can be set up either as: Part of a 401(k) plan, or A plan using IRAs (SIMPLE IRA). Irs tax extension 2011 This chapter only discusses the SIMPLE plan rules that relate to SIMPLE IRAs. Irs tax extension 2011 See chapter 3 of Publication 560 for information on any special rules for SIMPLE plans that do not use IRAs. Irs tax extension 2011 If your employer maintains a SIMPLE plan, you must be notified, in writing, that you can choose the financial institution that will serve as trustee for your SIMPLE IRA and that you can roll over or transfer your SIMPLE IRA to another financial institution. Irs tax extension 2011 See Rollovers and Transfers Exception, later under When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets. Irs tax extension 2011 What Is a SIMPLE Plan? A SIMPLE plan is a tax-favored retirement plan that certain small employers (including self-employed individuals) can set up for the benefit of their employees. Irs tax extension 2011 See chapter 3 of Publication 560 for information on the requirements employers must satisfy to set up a SIMPLE plan. Irs tax extension 2011 A SIMPLE plan is a written agreement (salary reduction agreement) between you and your employer that allows you, if you are an eligible employee (including a self-employed individual), to choose to: Reduce your compensation (salary) by a certain percentage each pay period, and Have your employer contribute the salary reductions to a SIMPLE IRA on your behalf. Irs tax extension 2011 These contributions are called salary reduction contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 All contributions under a SIMPLE IRA plan must be made to SIMPLE IRAs, not to any other type of IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 The SIMPLE IRA can be an individual retirement account or an individual retirement annuity, described in chapter 1. Irs tax extension 2011 Contributions are made on behalf of eligible employees. Irs tax extension 2011 (See Eligible Employees below. Irs tax extension 2011 ) Contributions are also subject to various limits. Irs tax extension 2011 (See How Much Can Be Contributed on Your Behalf , later. Irs tax extension 2011 ) In addition to salary reduction contributions, your employer must make either matching contributions or nonelective contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 See How Are Contributions Made , later. Irs tax extension 2011 You may be able to claim a credit for contributions to your SIMPLE plan. Irs tax extension 2011 For more information, see chapter 4. Irs tax extension 2011 Eligible Employees You must be allowed to participate in your employer's SIMPLE plan if you: Received at least $5,000 in compensation from your employer during any 2 years prior to the current year, and Are reasonably expected to receive at least $5,000 in compensation during the calendar year for which contributions are made. Irs tax extension 2011 Self-employed individual. Irs tax extension 2011   For SIMPLE plan purposes, the term employee includes a self-employed individual who received earned income. Irs tax extension 2011 Excludable employees. Irs tax extension 2011   Your employer can exclude the following employees from participating in the SIMPLE plan. Irs tax extension 2011 Employees whose retirement benefits are covered by a collective bargaining agreement (union contract). Irs tax extension 2011 Employees who are nonresident aliens and received no earned income from sources within the United States. Irs tax extension 2011 Employees who would not have been eligible employees if an acquisition, disposition, or similar transaction had not occurred during the year. Irs tax extension 2011 Compensation. Irs tax extension 2011   For purposes of the SIMPLE plan rules, your compensation for a year generally includes the following amounts. Irs tax extension 2011 Wages, tips, and other pay from your employer that is subject to income tax withholding. Irs tax extension 2011 Deferred amounts elected under any 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, government (section 457) plans, SEP plans, and SIMPLE plans. Irs tax extension 2011 Self-employed individual compensation. Irs tax extension 2011   For purposes of the SIMPLE plan rules, if you are self-employed, your compensation for a year is your net earnings from self-employment (Schedule SE (Form 1040), Section A, line 4, or Section B, line 6) before subtracting any contributions made to a SIMPLE IRA on your behalf. Irs tax extension 2011   For these purposes, net earnings from self-employment include services performed while claiming exemption from self-employment tax as a member of a group conscientiously opposed to social security benefits. Irs tax extension 2011 How Are Contributions Made? Contributions under a salary reduction agreement are called salary reduction contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 They are made on your behalf by your employer. Irs tax extension 2011 Your employer must also make either matching contributions or nonelective contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 Salary reduction contributions. Irs tax extension 2011   During the 60-day period before the beginning of any year, and during the 60-day period before you are eligible, you can choose salary reduction contributions expressed either as a percentage of compensation, or as a specific dollar amount (if your employer offers this choice). Irs tax extension 2011 You can choose to cancel the election at any time during the year. Irs tax extension 2011   Salary reduction contributions are also referred to as “elective deferrals. Irs tax extension 2011 ”   Your employer cannot place restrictions on the contributions amount (such as by limiting the contributions percentage), except to comply with the salary reduction contributions limit, discussed under How Much Can Be Contributed on Your Behalf, later. Irs tax extension 2011 Matching contributions. Irs tax extension 2011   Unless your employer chooses to make nonelective contributions, your employer must make contributions equal to the salary reduction contributions you choose (elect), but only up to certain limits. Irs tax extension 2011 See How Much Can Be Contributed on Your Behalf below. Irs tax extension 2011 These contributions are in addition to the salary reduction contributions and must be made to the SIMPLE IRAs of all eligible employees (defined earlier) who chose salary reductions. Irs tax extension 2011 These contributions are referred to as matching contributions. Irs tax extension 2011   Matching contributions on behalf of a self-employed individual are not treated as salary reduction contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 Nonelective contributions. Irs tax extension 2011   Instead of making matching contributions, your employer may be able to choose to make nonelective contributions on behalf of all eligible employees. Irs tax extension 2011 These nonelective contributions must be made on behalf of each eligible employee who has at least $5,000 of compensation from your employer, whether or not the employee chose salary reductions. Irs tax extension 2011   One of the requirements your employer must satisfy is notifying the employees that the election was made. Irs tax extension 2011 For other requirements that your employer must satisfy, see chapter 3 of Publication 560. Irs tax extension 2011 How Much Can Be Contributed on Your Behalf? The limits on contributions to a SIMPLE IRA vary with the type of contribution that is made. Irs tax extension 2011 Salary reduction contributions limit. Irs tax extension 2011   Salary reduction contributions (employee-chosen contributions or elective deferrals) that your employer can make on your behalf under a SIMPLE plan are limited to $12,000 for 2013. Irs tax extension 2011 The limitation remains at $12,000 for 2014. Irs tax extension 2011 If you are a participant in any other employer plans during 2013 and you have elective salary reductions or deferred compensation under those plans, the salary reduction contributions under the SIMPLE plan also are included in the annual limit of $17,500 for 2013 on exclusions of salary reductions and other elective deferrals. Irs tax extension 2011 You, not your employer, are responsible for monitoring compliance with these limits. Irs tax extension 2011 Additional elective deferrals can be contributed to your SIMPLE plan if: You reached age 50 by the end of 2013, and No other elective deferrals can be made for you to the plan for the year because of limits or restrictions, such as the regular annual limit. Irs tax extension 2011 The most that can be contributed in additional elective deferrals to your SIMPLE plan is the lesser of the following two amounts. Irs tax extension 2011 $2,500 for 2013, or Your compensation for the year reduced by your other elective deferrals for the year. Irs tax extension 2011 The additional deferrals are not subject to any other contribution limit and are not taken into account in applying other contribution limits. Irs tax extension 2011 The additional deferrals are not subject to the nondiscrimination rules as long as all eligible participants are allowed to make them. Irs tax extension 2011 Matching employer contributions limit. Irs tax extension 2011   Generally, your employer must make matching contributions to your SIMPLE IRA in an amount equal to your salary reduction contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 These matching contributions cannot be more than 3% of your compensation for the calendar year. Irs tax extension 2011 See Matching contributions less than 3% below. Irs tax extension 2011 Example 1. Irs tax extension 2011 In 2013, Joshua was a participant in his employer's SIMPLE plan. Irs tax extension 2011 His compensation, before SIMPLE plan contributions, was $41,600 ($800 per week). Irs tax extension 2011 Instead of taking it all in cash, Joshua elected to have 12. Irs tax extension 2011 5% of his weekly pay ($100) contributed to his SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 For the full year, Joshua's salary reduction contributions were $5,200, which is less than the $12,000 limit on these contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 Under the plan, Joshua's employer was required to make matching contributions to Joshua's SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 Because his employer's matching contributions must equal Joshua's salary reductions, but cannot be more than 3% of his compensation (before salary reductions) for the year, his employer's matching contribution was limited to $1,248 (3% of $41,600). Irs tax extension 2011 Example 2. Irs tax extension 2011 Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that Joshua's compensation for the year was $408,163 and he chose to have 2. Irs tax extension 2011 94% of his weekly pay contributed to his SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 In this example, Joshua's salary reduction contributions for the year (2. Irs tax extension 2011 94% × $408,163) were equal to the 2013 limit for salary reduction contributions ($12,000). Irs tax extension 2011 Because 3% of Joshua's compensation ($12,245) is more than the amount his employer was required to match ($12,000), his employer's matching contributions were limited to $12,000. Irs tax extension 2011 In this example, total contributions made on Joshua's behalf for the year were $24,000 ($12,000 (Joshua's contributions) + $12,000 (matching contributions)), the maximum contributions permitted under a SIMPLE IRA for 2013. Irs tax extension 2011 Matching contributions less than 3%. Irs tax extension 2011   Your employer can reduce the 3% limit on matching contributions for a calendar year, but only if: The limit is not reduced below 1%, The limit is not reduced for more than 2 years out of the 5-year period that ends with (and includes) the year for which the election is effective, and Employees are notified of the reduced limit within a reasonable period of time before the 60-day election period during which they can enter into salary reduction agreements. Irs tax extension 2011   For purposes of applying the rule in item (2) in determining whether the limit was reduced below 3% for the year, any year before the first year in which your employer (or a former employer) maintains a SIMPLE IRA plan will be treated as a year for which the limit was 3%. Irs tax extension 2011 If your employer chooses to make nonelective contributions for a year, that year also will be treated as a year for which the limit was 3%. Irs tax extension 2011 Nonelective employer contributions limit. Irs tax extension 2011   If your employer chooses to make nonelective contributions, instead of matching contributions, to each eligible employee's SIMPLE IRA, contributions must be 2% of your compensation for the entire year. Irs tax extension 2011 For 2013, only $255,000 of your compensation can be taken into account to figure the contribution limit. Irs tax extension 2011   Your employer can substitute the 2% nonelective contribution for the matching contribution for a year if both of the following requirements are met. Irs tax extension 2011 Eligible employees are notified that a 2% nonelective contribution will be made instead of a matching contribution. Irs tax extension 2011 This notice is provided within a reasonable period during which employees can enter into salary reduction agreements. Irs tax extension 2011 Example 3. Irs tax extension 2011 Assume the same facts as in Example 2 , except that Joshua's employer chose to make nonelective contributions instead of matching contributions. Irs tax extension 2011 Because his employer's nonelective contributions are limited to 2% of up to $255,000 of Joshua's compensation, his employer's contribution to Joshua's SIMPLE IRA was limited to $5,100. Irs tax extension 2011 In this example, total contributions made on Joshua's behalf for the year were $17,100 (Joshua's salary reductions of $12,000 plus his employer's contribution of $5,100). Irs tax extension 2011 Traditional IRA mistakenly moved to SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011   If you mistakenly roll over or transfer an amount from a traditional IRA to a SIMPLE IRA, you can later recharacterize the amount as a contribution to another traditional IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 For more information, see Recharacterizations in chapter 1. Irs tax extension 2011 Recharacterizing employer contributions. Irs tax extension 2011   You cannot recharacterize employer contributions (including elective deferrals) under a SEP or SIMPLE plan as contributions to another IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 SEPs are discussed in chapter 2 of Publication 560. Irs tax extension 2011 SIMPLE plans are discussed in this chapter. Irs tax extension 2011 Converting from a SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011   Generally, you can convert an amount in your SIMPLE IRA to a Roth IRA under the same rules explained in chapter 1 under Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA . Irs tax extension 2011    However, you cannot convert any amount distributed from the SIMPLE IRA during the 2-year period beginning on the date you first participated in any SIMPLE IRA plan maintained by your employer. Irs tax extension 2011 When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets? Generally, the same distribution (withdrawal) rules that apply to traditional IRAs apply to SIMPLE IRAs. Irs tax extension 2011 These rules are discussed in chapter 1. Irs tax extension 2011 Your employer cannot restrict you from taking distributions from a SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 Are Distributions Taxable? Generally, distributions from a SIMPLE IRA are fully taxable as ordinary income. Irs tax extension 2011 If the distribution is an early distribution (discussed in chapter 1), it may be subject to the additional tax on early distributions. Irs tax extension 2011 See Additional Tax on Early Distributions, later. Irs tax extension 2011 Rollovers and Transfers Exception Generally, rollovers and trustee-to-trustee transfers are not taxable distributions. Irs tax extension 2011 Two-year rule. Irs tax extension 2011   To qualify as a tax-free rollover (or a tax-free trustee-to-trustee transfer), a rollover distribution (or a transfer) made from a SIMPLE IRA during the 2-year period beginning on the date on which you first participated in your employer's SIMPLE plan must be contributed (or transferred) to another SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011 The 2-year period begins on the first day on which contributions made by your employer are deposited in your SIMPLE IRA. Irs tax extension 2011   After the 2-year period, amounts in a SIMPLE IRA can be rolled over or transferred tax free to an IRA other than a SIMPLE IRA, or to a qualified plan, a tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan), or deferred compensation plan of a state or local government (section 457 plan). Irs tax extension 2011 Additional Tax on Early Distributions The additional tax on early distributions (discussed in chapter 1) applies to SIMPLE IRAs. Irs tax extension 2011 If a distribution is an early distribution and occurs during the 2-year period following the date on which you first participated in your employer's SIMPLE plan, the additional tax on early distributions is increased from 10% to 25%. Irs tax extension 2011 If a rollover distribution (or transfer) from a SIMPLE IRA does not satisfy the 2-year rule, and is otherwise an early distribution, the additional tax imposed because of the early distribution is increased from 10% to 25% of the amount distributed. Irs tax extension 2011 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Irs Tax Extension 2011

Irs tax extension 2011 There are three ways you can request an automatic extension of time to file a U.S. individual income tax return: (1) you can electronically file Form 4868 (PDF), Application For Automatic Extension of Time To File U.S. Individual Tax Return; (2) you can pay all or part of your estimated income tax due using a credit or debit card or by using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS); or (3) you can file a paper Form 4868 by mail. Irs tax extension 2011 Irs tax extension 2011 If you file your Form 4868 electronically you will receive an acknowledgement or confirmation number for your records and you do not need to mail in Form 4868. If you need to pay additional taxes when filing Form 4868 electronically, you may do so through the outside service provider or through e-file. You can refer to your tax software or tax professional for ways to file electronically using e-file services. Several companies offer free filing of Form 4868 through the Free File program that you can access on the IRS.gov website. If you wish to file electronically, be sure to have a copy of last year's tax return. You will be asked to provide the adjusted gross income (AGI) from the return for taxpayer verification. Irs tax extension 2011 Irs tax extension 2011 A second way of requesting an automatic extension of time to file your individual income tax return is to pay part or your entire estimated income tax due by credit card or debit card or by using EFTPS. You may pay by phone or Internet through one of the service providers listed on Form 4868. Each service provider will charge a convenience fee based on the amount of the tax payment. At the completion of the transaction, you will receive a confirmation number for your records. Irs tax extension 2011 Irs tax extension 2011 Finally, you can request an automatic extension of time to file your individual income tax return by completing paper Form 4868 and mailing it to the appropriate address provided on the form. Irs tax extension 2011 Irs tax extension 2011 Please be aware that an extension of time to file is NOT an extension of time to pay.