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Income Tax For Students

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Income Tax For Students

Income tax for students 12. Income tax for students   Self-Employment Tax Table of Contents What's New for 2013 What's New for 2014 Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Why Pay Self-Employment Tax? How To Pay Self-Employment TaxReplacing a lost social security card. Income tax for students Name change. Income tax for students Penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. Income tax for students Who Must Pay Self-Employment Tax?Limited partner. Income tax for students Community property. Income tax for students Figuring Self-Employment EarningsLandlord Participation in Farming Methods for Figuring Net EarningsRegular Method Farm Optional Method Nonfarm Optional Method Using Both Optional Methods Reporting Self-Employment Tax What's New for 2013 Tax rates. Income tax for students  For tax years beginning in 2013, the social security part of the self-employment tax increases from 10. Income tax for students 4% to 12. Income tax for students 4%. Income tax for students The Medicare part of the tax remains at 2. Income tax for students 9%. Income tax for students As a result, the self-employment tax is increased from 13. Income tax for students 3% to 15. Income tax for students 3%. Income tax for students Additional Medicare Tax. Income tax for students . Income tax for students  For tax years beginning in 2013, a 0. Income tax for students 9% Additional Medicare Tax applies to your Medicare wages, Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RRTA) compensation, and self-employment income above a threshold amount. Income tax for students Use Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax, to figure this tax. Income tax for students For more information, see the Instructions for Form 8959. Income tax for students Maximum net earnings. Income tax for students  The maximum net self-employment earnings subject to the social security part (12. Income tax for students 4%) of the self-employment tax increased to $113,700 for 2013. Income tax for students There is no maximum limit on earnings subject to the Medicare part (2. Income tax for students 9%). Income tax for students What's New for 2014 Maximum net earnings. Income tax for students  The maximum net self-employment earnings subject to the social security part of the self-employment tax for 2014 will be discussed in the 2013 Publication 334. Income tax for students Introduction Self-employment tax (SE tax) is a social security and Medicare tax primarily for individuals who work for themselves. Income tax for students It is similar to the social security and Medicare taxes withheld from the pay of most wage earners. Income tax for students You usually have to pay SE tax if you are self-employed. Income tax for students You are usually self-employed if you operate your own farm on land you either own or rent. Income tax for students You have to figure SE tax on Schedule SE (Form 1040). Income tax for students Farmers who have employees may have to pay the employer's share of social security and Medicare taxes, as well. Income tax for students See chapter 13 for information on employment taxes. Income tax for students Self-employment tax rate. Income tax for students   For tax years beginning in 2013, the self-employment tax rate is 15. Income tax for students 3%. Income tax for students The rate consists of two parts: 12. Income tax for students 4% for social security (old-age, survivors, and disability insurance) and 2. Income tax for students 9% for Medicare (hospital insurance). Income tax for students Topics - This chapter discusses: Why pay self-employment tax How to pay self-employment tax Who must pay self-employment tax Figuring self-employment earnings Landlord participation in farming Methods for figuring net earnings Reporting self-employment tax Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 541 Partnerships Form (and Instructions) 1040 U. Income tax for students S. Income tax for students Individual Income Tax Return Sch F (Form 1040) Profit or Loss From Farming Sch SE (Form 1040) Self-Employment Tax 1065 U. Income tax for students S. Income tax for students Return of Partnership Income Sch K-1 (Form 1065) Partner's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. Income tax for students See chapter 16 for information about getting publications and forms. Income tax for students Why Pay Self-Employment Tax? Social security benefits are available to self-employed persons just as they are to wage earners. Income tax for students Your payments of SE tax contribute to your coverage under the social security system. Income tax for students Social security coverage provides you with retirement benefits, disability benefits, survivor benefits, and hospital insurance (Medicare) benefits. Income tax for students How to become insured under social security. Income tax for students   You must be insured under the social security system before you begin receiving social security benefits. Income tax for students You are insured if you have the required number of credits (also called quarters of coverage). Income tax for students Earning credits in 2013. Income tax for students   You can earn a maximum of four credits per year. Income tax for students For 2013, you earn one credit for each $1,160 of combined wages and self-employment earnings subject to social security tax. Income tax for students You need $4,640 ($1,160 × 4) of combined wages and self-employment earnings subject to social security tax to earn four credits in 2013. Income tax for students It does not matter whether the income is earned in 1 quarter or is spread over 2 or more quarters. Income tax for students For an explanation of the number of credits you must have to be insured and the benefits available to you and your family under the social security program, consult your nearest Social Security Administration (SSA) office or visit the SSA website at www. Income tax for students socialsecurity. Income tax for students gov. Income tax for students Making false statements to get or to increase social security benefits may subject you to penalties. Income tax for students The Social Security Administration (SSA) time limit for posting self-employment earnings. Income tax for students   Generally, the SSA will give you credit only for self-employment earnings reported on a tax return filed within 3 years, 3 months, and 15 days after the tax year you earned the income. Income tax for students    If you file your tax return or report a change in your self-employment earnings after the SSA time limit for posting self-employment earnings, the SSA may change its records, but only to remove or reduce the amount. Income tax for students The SSA will not change its records to increase your self-employment earnings after the SSA time limit listed above. Income tax for students How To Pay Self-Employment Tax To pay SE tax, you must have a social security number (SSN) or an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). Income tax for students This section explains how to: Obtain an SSN or ITIN, and Pay your SE tax using estimated tax. Income tax for students An ITIN does not entitle you to social security benefits. Income tax for students Obtaining an ITIN does not change your immigration or employment status under U. Income tax for students S. Income tax for students law. Income tax for students Obtaining a social security number. Income tax for students   If you have never had an SSN, apply for one using Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card. Income tax for students The application is also available in Spanish. Income tax for students You can get this form at any Social Security office or by calling 1-800-772-1213. Income tax for students    You can also download Form SS-5 from the Social Security Administration website at  www. Income tax for students socialsecurity. Income tax for students gov. Income tax for students   If you have a social security number from the time you were an employee, you must use that number. Income tax for students Do not apply for a new one. Income tax for students Replacing a lost social security card. Income tax for students   If you have a number but lost your card, file Form SS-5. Income tax for students You will get a new card showing your original number, not a new number. Income tax for students Name change. Income tax for students   If your name has changed since you received your social security card, complete Form SS-5 to report a name change. Income tax for students Obtaining an individual taxpayer identification number. Income tax for students   The IRS will issue you an ITIN, for tax use only, if you are a nonresident or resident alien and you do not have, and are not eligible to get, an SSN. Income tax for students To apply for an ITIN, file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number. Income tax for students You can get this form by calling 1-800-829-3676. Income tax for students For more information on ITINs, see Publication 1915, Understanding Your IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number. Income tax for students Form W-7 and Publication 1915 are also available in Spanish. Income tax for students    You can also download Form W-7 from the IRS website at IRS. Income tax for students gov. Income tax for students Paying estimated tax. Income tax for students   Estimated tax is the method used to pay tax (including SE tax) on income not subject to withholding. Income tax for students You generally have to make estimated tax payments if you expect to owe tax, including SE tax, of $1,000 or more when you file your return. Income tax for students Use Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals, to figure and pay the tax. Income tax for students   However, if at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2013 or 2014 was from farming and you file your 2014 Form 1040 and pay all the tax due by March 2, 2015, you do not have to pay any estimated tax. Income tax for students For more information about estimated tax for farmers, see chapter 15. Income tax for students Penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. Income tax for students   You may have to pay a penalty if you do not pay enough estimated tax by its due date. Income tax for students Who Must Pay Self-Employment Tax? You must pay SE tax and file Schedule SE (Form 1040) if your net earnings from self-employment were $400 or more. Income tax for students The SE tax rules apply no matter how old you are and even if you are already receiving social security or Medicare benefits. Income tax for students Aliens. Income tax for students   Generally, resident aliens must pay self-employment tax under the same rules that apply to U. Income tax for students S. Income tax for students citizens. Income tax for students Nonresident aliens are not subject to self-employment tax. Income tax for students However, residents of the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or American Samoa are subject to self-employment tax, as they are considered U. Income tax for students S. Income tax for students residents for self-employment tax purposes. Income tax for students For more information on aliens, see Publication 519, U. Income tax for students S. Income tax for students Tax Guide for Aliens. Income tax for students Are you self-employed?   You are self-employed if you carry on a trade or business (such as running a farm) as a sole proprietor, an independent contractor, a member of a partnership, or are otherwise in business for yourself. Income tax for students A trade or business is generally an activity carried on for a livelihood or in good faith to make a profit. Income tax for students Share farmer. Income tax for students   You are a self-employed farmer under an income-sharing arrangement if both the following apply. Income tax for students You produce a crop or raise livestock on land belonging to another person. Income tax for students Your share of the crop or livestock, or the proceeds from their sale, depends on the amount produced. Income tax for students Your net farm profit or loss from the income-sharing arrangement is reported on Schedule F (Form 1040) and included in your self-employment earnings. Income tax for students   If you produce a crop or livestock on land belonging to another person and are to receive a specified rate of pay, a fixed sum of money, or a fixed quantity of the crop or livestock, and not a share of the crop or livestock or their proceeds, you may be either self-employed or an employee of the landowner. Income tax for students This will depend on whether the landowner has the right to direct or control your performance of services. Income tax for students Example. Income tax for students A share farmer produces a crop on land owned by another person on a 50-50 crop-share basis. Income tax for students Under the terms of their agreement, the share farmer furnishes the labor and half the cost of seed and fertilizer. Income tax for students The landowner furnishes the machinery and equipment used to produce and harvest the crop, and half the cost of seed and fertilizer. Income tax for students The share farmer is provided a house in which to live. Income tax for students The landowner and the share farmer decide on a cropping plan. Income tax for students The share farmer is a self-employed farmer for purposes of the agreement to produce the crops, and the share farmer's part of the profit or loss from the crops is reported on Schedule F (Form 1040) and included in self-employment earnings. Income tax for students The tax treatment of the landowner is discussed later under Landlord Participation in Farming. Income tax for students Contract farming. Income tax for students   Under typical contract farming arrangements, the grower receives a fixed payment per unit of crops or finished livestock delivered to the processor or packing company. Income tax for students Since the grower typically furnishes labor and bears some production risk, the payments are reported on Schedule F and are therefore subject to self-employment tax. Income tax for students 4-H Club or FFA project. Income tax for students   If an individual participates in a 4-H Club or Future Farmers of America (FFA) project, any net income received from sales or prizes related to the project may be subject to income tax. Income tax for students Report the net income as “Other income” on line 21 of Form 1040. Income tax for students If necessary, attach a statement showing the gross income and expenses. Income tax for students The net income may not be subject to SE tax if the project is primarily for educational purposes and not for profit, and is completed by the individual under the rules and economic restrictions of the sponsoring 4-H or FFA organization. Income tax for students Such a project is generally not considered a trade or business. Income tax for students Partners in a partnership. Income tax for students   Generally, you are self-employed if you are a member of a partnership that carries on a trade or business. Income tax for students Limited partner. Income tax for students   If you are a limited partner, your partnership income is generally not subject to SE tax. Income tax for students However, guaranteed payments you receive for services you perform for the partnership are subject to SE tax and should be reported to you in box 14 of your Schedule K-1 (Form 1065). Income tax for students Business Owned and Operated by Spouses. Income tax for students   If you and your spouse jointly own and operate a farm as an unincorporated business and share in the profits and losses, you are partners in a partnership whether or not you have a formal partnership agreement. Income tax for students You must file Form 1065, instead of Schedule F, unless you make a joint election to be treated as a qualified joint venture. Income tax for students Making this election will allow you to avoid the complexity of Form 1065 but still give each spouse credit for social security earnings on which retirement benefits are based. Income tax for students Qualified joint venture. Income tax for students   If you and your spouse each materially participate as the only members of a jointly owned and operated farm, and you file a joint tax return for the tax year, you can make a joint election to be treated as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership for the tax year. Income tax for students For an explanation of “material participation,” see the instructions for Schedule C, line G, and the instructions for Schedule F, line E. Income tax for students   To make this election, you must divide all items of income, gain, loss, deduction, and credit attributable to the business between you and your spouse in accordance with your respective interests in the venture. Income tax for students Each of you must file a separate Schedule F and a separate Schedule SE. Income tax for students For more information, see Qualified Joint Venture in the Instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040). Income tax for students Spouse employee. Income tax for students   If your spouse is your employee, not your partner, you must withhold and pay social security and Medicare taxes for him or her. Income tax for students For more information about employment taxes, see chapter 13. Income tax for students Community property. Income tax for students   If you are a partner and your distributive share of any income or loss from a trade or business carried on by the partnership is community property, treat your share as your self-employment earnings. Income tax for students Do not treat any of your share as self-employment earnings of your spouse. Income tax for students Figuring Self-Employment Earnings Farmer. Income tax for students   If you are self-employed as a farmer, use Schedule F (Form 1040) to figure your self-employment earnings. Income tax for students Partnership income or loss. Income tax for students   If you are a member of a partnership that carries on a trade or business, the partnership should report your self-employment earnings in box 14, code A, of your Schedule K-1 (Form 1065). Income tax for students Box 14 of Schedule K-1 may also provide amounts for gross farming or fishing income (code B) and gross nonfarm income (code C). Income tax for students Use these amounts if you use the farm or nonfarm optional method to figure net earnings from self-employment (see Methods for Figuring Net Earnings , later). Income tax for students   If you are a general partner, you may need to reduce these reported earnings by amounts you claim as a section 179 deduction, unreimbursed partnership expenses, or depletion on oil and gas properties. Income tax for students   If the amount reported is a loss, include only the deductible amount when you figure your total self-employment earnings. Income tax for students   For more information, see the Partner's Instructions for Schedule K-1 (Form 1065). Income tax for students   For general information on partnerships, see Publication 541. Income tax for students More than one business. Income tax for students   If you have self-employment earnings from more than one trade, business, or profession, you generally must combine the net profit or loss from each to determine your total self-employment earnings. Income tax for students A loss from one business reduces your profit from another business. Income tax for students However, do not combine earnings from farm and nonfarm businesses if you are using one of the optional methods (discussed later) to figure net earnings. Income tax for students Community property. Income tax for students   If any of the income from a farm or business, other than a partnership, is community property under state law, it is included in the self-employment earnings of the spouse carrying on the trade or business. Income tax for students Lost income payments. Income tax for students   Lost income payments received from insurance or other sources for reducing or stopping farming activities are included in self-employment earnings. Income tax for students These include USDA payments to compensate for lost income resulting from reductions in tobacco quotas and allotments. Income tax for students Even if you are not farming when you receive the payment, it is included in self-employment earnings if it relates to your farm business (even though it is temporarily inactive). Income tax for students A connection exists if it is clear the payment would not have been made but for your conduct of your farm business. Income tax for students Gain or loss. Income tax for students   A gain or loss from the disposition of property that is neither stock in trade nor held primarily for sale to customers is not included in self-employment earnings. Income tax for students It does not matter whether the disposition is a sale, exchange, or involuntary conversion. Income tax for students For example, gains or losses from the disposition of the following types of property are not included in self-employment earnings. Income tax for students Investment property. Income tax for students Depreciable property or other fixed assets used in your trade or business. Income tax for students Livestock held for draft, breeding, sport, or dairy purposes, and not held primarily for sale, regardless of how long the livestock was held, or whether it was raised or purchased. Income tax for students Unharvested standing crops sold with land held more than 1 year. Income tax for students Timber, coal, or iron ore held for more than 1 year if an economic interest was retained, such as a right to receive coal royalties. Income tax for students   A gain or loss from the cutting of timber is not included in self-employment earnings if the cutting is treated as a sale or exchange. Income tax for students For more information on electing to treat the cutting of timber as a sale or exchange, see Timber in chapter 8. Income tax for students Wages and salaries. Income tax for students   Wages and salaries received for services performed as an employee and covered by social security or railroad retirement are not included in self-employment earnings. Income tax for students   Wages paid in kind to you for agricultural labor, such as commodity wages, are not included in self-employment earnings. Income tax for students Retired partner. Income tax for students   Retirement income received by a partner from his or her partnership under a written plan is not included in self-employment earnings if all the following apply. Income tax for students The retired partner performs no services for the partnership during the year. Income tax for students The retired partner is owed only the retirement payments. Income tax for students The retired partner's share (if any) of the partnership capital was fully paid to the retired partner. Income tax for students The payments to the retired partner are lifelong periodic payments. Income tax for students Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) payments. Income tax for students   Under the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), if you own or operate highly erodible or other specified cropland, you may enter into a longterm contract with the USDA, agreeing to convert to a less intensive use of that cropland. Income tax for students You must include the annual rental payments and any onetime incentive payment you receive under the program on Schedule F, lines 4a and 4b. Income tax for students Cost share payments you receive may qualify for the costsharing exclusion. Income tax for students See Cost-Sharing Exclusion (Improvements), above. Income tax for students CRP payments are reported to you on Form 1099G. Income tax for students Individuals who are receiving Social Security retirement or disability benefits may exclude CRP payments when calculating self-employment tax. Income tax for students See the instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040). Income tax for students Self-employed health insurance deduction. Income tax for students   You cannot deduct the self-employed health insurance deduction you report on Form 1040, line 29, from self-employment earnings on Schedule SE (Form 1040). Income tax for students Landlord Participation in Farming As a general rule, income and deductions from rentals and from personal property leased with real estate are not included in determining self-employment earnings. Income tax for students However, income and deductions from farm rentals, including government commodity program payments received by a landowner who rents land, are included if the rental arrangement provides that the landowner will, and does, materially participate in the production or management of production of the farm products on the land. Income tax for students Crop shares. Income tax for students   Rent paid in the form of crop shares is included in self-employment earnings for the year you sell, exchange, give away, or use the crop shares if you meet one of the four material participation tests (discussed next) at the time the crop shares are produced. Income tax for students Feeding such crop shares to livestock is considered using them. Income tax for students Your gross income for figuring your self-employment earnings includes the fair market value of the crop shares when they are used as feed. Income tax for students Material participation for landlords. Income tax for students   You materially participate if you have an arrangement with your tenant for your participation and you meet one or more of the following tests. Income tax for students You do at least three of the following. Income tax for students Pay, using cash or credit, at least half the direct costs of producing the crop or livestock. Income tax for students Furnish at least half the tools, equipment, and livestock used in the production activities. Income tax for students Advise or consult with your tenant. Income tax for students Inspect the production activities periodically. Income tax for students You regularly and frequently make, or take an important part in making, management decisions substantially contributing to or affecting the success of the enterprise. Income tax for students You work 100 hours or more spread over a period of 5 weeks or more in activities connected with agricultural production. Income tax for students You do things that, considered in their totality, show you are materially and significantly involved in the production of the farm commodities. Income tax for students These tests may be used as general guides for determining whether you are a material participant. Income tax for students Example. Income tax for students Drew Houston agrees to produce a crop on J. Income tax for students Clarke's cotton farm, with each receiving half the proceeds. Income tax for students Clarke advises Houston when to plant, spray, and pick the cotton. Income tax for students During the growing season, Clarke inspects the crop every few days to determine whether Houston is properly taking care of the crop. Income tax for students Houston furnishes all labor needed to grow and harvest the crop. Income tax for students The management decisions made by Clarke in connection with the care of the cotton crop and his regular inspection of the crop establish that he participates to a material degree in the cotton production operations. Income tax for students The income Clarke receives from his cotton farm is included in his self-employment earnings. Income tax for students Methods for Figuring Net Earnings There are three ways to figure your net earnings from self-employment. Income tax for students The regular method. Income tax for students The farm optional method. Income tax for students The nonfarm optional method. Income tax for students You must use the regular method unless you are eligible to use one or both of the optional methods. Income tax for students See Figure 12-1 , shown later. Income tax for students Figure 12-1. Income tax for students Can I Use the Optional Methods? Please click here for the text description of the image. Income tax for students Figure 12–1. Income tax for students Can I Use the Optional Methods? Why use an optional method?   You may want to use the optional methods (discussed later) when you have a loss or a small net profit and any one of the following applies. Income tax for students You want to receive credit for social security benefit coverage. Income tax for students You incurred child or dependent care expenses for which you could claim a credit. Income tax for students (An optional method may increase your earned income, which could increase your credit. Income tax for students ) You are entitled to the earned income credit. Income tax for students (An optional method may increase your earned income, which could increase your credit. Income tax for students ) You are entitled to the additional child tax credit. Income tax for students (An optional method may increase your earned income, which could increase your credit. Income tax for students ) Effects of using an optional method. Income tax for students   Using an optional method could increase your SE tax. Income tax for students Paying more SE tax may result in you getting higher social security disability or retirement benefits. Income tax for students   If you use either or both optional methods, you must figure and pay the SE tax due under these methods even if you would have had a smaller SE tax or no SE tax using the regular method. Income tax for students   The optional methods may be used only to figure your SE tax. Income tax for students To figure your income tax, include your actual self-employment earnings in gross income, regardless of which method you use to determine SE tax. Income tax for students Regular Method Multiply your total self-employment earnings by 92. Income tax for students 35% (. Income tax for students 9235) to get your net earnings under the regular method. Income tax for students See Short Schedule SE, line 4, or Long Schedule SE, line 4a. Income tax for students Net earnings figured using the regular method are also called “actual net earnings. Income tax for students ” Farm Optional Method Use the farm optional method only for self-employment earnings from a farming business. Income tax for students You can use this method if you meet either of the following tests. Income tax for students Your gross farm income is $6,960 or less. Income tax for students Your net farm profits are less than $5,024. Income tax for students Gross farm income. Income tax for students   Your gross farm income is the total of the amounts from: Schedule F (Form 1040), line 9, and Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), box 14, code B (from farm partnerships). Income tax for students Net farm profits. Income tax for students   Net farm profits generally are the total of the amounts from: Schedule F (Form 1040), line 34, and Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), box 14, code A (from farm partnerships). Income tax for students However, you may need to adjust the amount reported on Schedule K-1 if you are a general partner or if it is a loss. Income tax for students For more information, see Partnership income or loss , earlier. Income tax for students Figuring farm net earnings. Income tax for students   If you meet either of the two tests explained above, use Table 12-1. Income tax for students Figuring Farm Net Earnings , to figure your net earnings from self-employment under the farm optional method. Income tax for students Table 12-1. Income tax for students Figuring Farm Net Earnings IF your gross farm income  is. Income tax for students . Income tax for students . Income tax for students THEN your net earnings are equal to. Income tax for students . Income tax for students . Income tax for students $6,960 or less Two-thirds of your gross farm income. Income tax for students More than $6,960 $4,640 Optional method can reduce or eliminate SE tax. Income tax for students   If your gross farm income is $6,960 or less and your farm net earnings figured under the farm optional method are less than your actual net earnings, you can use the farm optional method to reduce or eliminate your SE tax. Income tax for students Your actual net earnings are your net earnings figured using the regular method, explained earlier. Income tax for students Example. Income tax for students Your gross farm income is $540 and your net farm profit is $460. Income tax for students Consequently, your net earnings figured under the farm optional method are $360 (2/3 of $540) and your actual net earnings are $425 (92. Income tax for students 35% of $460). Income tax for students You owe no SE tax if you use the optional method because your net earnings under the farm optional method are less than $400. Income tax for students Nonfarm Optional Method This is an optional method available for determining net earnings from nonfarm self-employment, much like the farm optional method. Income tax for students If you are also engaged in a nonfarm business, you may be able to use this method to figure your nonfarm net earnings. Income tax for students You can use this method even if you do not use the farm optional method for determining your farm net earnings and even if you have a net loss from your nonfarm business. Income tax for students For more information about the nonfarm optional method, see Publication 334. Income tax for students You cannot combine farm and nonfarm self-employment earnings to figure your net earnings under either of the optional methods. Income tax for students Using Both Optional Methods If you use both optional methods, you must add the net earnings figured under each method to arrive at your total net earnings from self-employment. Income tax for students You can report less than your total actual farm and nonfarm net earnings but not less than actual nonfarm net earnings. Income tax for students If you use both optional methods, you can report no more than $4,640 as your combined net earnings from self-employment. Income tax for students Reporting Self-Employment Tax Use Schedule SE (Form 1040) to figure and report your SE tax. Income tax for students Then, enter the SE tax on line 56 of Form 1040 and attach Schedule SE to Form 1040. Income tax for students Most taxpayers can use Section A–Short Schedule SE to figure their SE tax. Income tax for students However, certain taxpayers must use Section B–Long Schedule SE. Income tax for students Use the chart on page 1 of Schedule SE to find out which one to use. Income tax for students If you have to pay SE tax, you must file Form 1040 (with Schedule SE attached) even if you do not otherwise have to file a federal income tax return. Income tax for students Deduction for employer-equivalent portion of self-employment tax. Income tax for students   You can deduct the employer-equivalent portion of your SE tax in figuring your adjusted gross income. Income tax for students This deduction only affects your income tax. Income tax for students It does not affect either your net earnings from self-employment or your SE tax. Income tax for students   To deduct the tax, enter on Form 1040, line 27, the amount shown on Section A, Line 6, or Section B, line 13, Deduction for employer-equivalent portion of self-employment tax, of the Schedule SE. Income tax for students Joint return. Income tax for students   Even if you file a joint return, you cannot file a joint Schedule SE. Income tax for students This is true whether one spouse or both spouses have self-employment earnings. Income tax for students Your spouse is not considered self-employed just because you are. Income tax for students If both of you have self-employment earnings, each of you must complete a separate Schedule SE. Income tax for students However, if one spouse uses the Short Schedule SE and the other spouse has to use the Long Schedule SE, both can use the same form. Income tax for students Attach both schedules to the joint return. Income tax for students If you and your spouse operate a business as a partnership, see Business Owned and Operated by Spouses and Qualified joint venture , earlier, under Who Must Pay Self-Employment Tax . Income tax for students Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Income Tax For Students

Income tax for students 6. Income tax for students   How To Get Tax Help Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. Income tax for students Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications