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How To File 2012 Taxes Online

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How To File 2012 Taxes Online

How to file 2012 taxes online 1. How to file 2012 taxes online   Canceled Debts Table of Contents General RulesForm 1099-C Discounts and loan modifications Sales or other dispositions (such as foreclosures and repossessions) Abandonments Stockholder debt This chapter discusses the tax treatment of canceled debts. How to file 2012 taxes online General Rules Generally, if a debt for which you are personally liable is forgiven or discharged for less than the full amount owed, the debt is considered canceled in whatever amount it remained unpaid. How to file 2012 taxes online There are exceptions to this rule, discussed under Exceptions , later. How to file 2012 taxes online Generally, you must include the canceled debt in your income. How to file 2012 taxes online However, you may be able to exclude the canceled debt. How to file 2012 taxes online See Exclusions , later. How to file 2012 taxes online Example. How to file 2012 taxes online John owed $1,000 to Mary. How to file 2012 taxes online Mary agreed to accept and John paid $400 in satisfaction of the entire debt. How to file 2012 taxes online John has canceled debt of $600. How to file 2012 taxes online Example. How to file 2012 taxes online Margaret owed $1,000 to Henry. How to file 2012 taxes online Henry and Margaret agreed that Margaret would provide Henry with services (instead of money) in full satisfaction of the debt. How to file 2012 taxes online Margaret does not have canceled debt. How to file 2012 taxes online Instead, she has income from services. How to file 2012 taxes online A debt includes any indebtedness: For which you are liable, or Subject to which you hold property. How to file 2012 taxes online Debt for which you are personally liable is recourse debt. How to file 2012 taxes online All other debt is nonrecourse debt. How to file 2012 taxes online If you are not personally liable for the debt, you do not have ordinary income from the cancellation of debt unless you retain the collateral and either: The lender offers a discount for the early payment of the debt, or The lender agrees to a loan modification that results in the reduction of the principal balance of the debt. How to file 2012 taxes online See Discounts and loan modifications , later. How to file 2012 taxes online However, upon the disposition of the property securing a nonrecourse debt, the amount realized includes the entire unpaid amount of the debt, not just the FMV of the property. How to file 2012 taxes online As a result, you may realize a gain or loss if the outstanding debt immediately before the disposition is more or less than your adjusted basis in the property. How to file 2012 taxes online For more details on figuring your gain or loss, see chapter 2 of this publication or see Publication 544. How to file 2012 taxes online There are several exceptions and exclusions that may result in part or all of a canceled debt being nontaxable. How to file 2012 taxes online See Exceptions and Exclusions, later. How to file 2012 taxes online You must report any taxable canceled debt as ordinary income on: Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 21, if the debt is a nonbusiness debt; Schedule C (Form 1040), line 6 (or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), line 1), if the debt is related to a nonfarm sole proprietorship; Schedule E (Form 1040), line 3, if the debt is related to nonfarm rental of real property; Form 4835, line 6, if the debt is related to a farm rental activity for which you use Form 4835 to report farm rental income based on crops or livestock produced by a tenant; or Schedule F (Form 1040), line 8, if the debt is farm debt and you are a farmer. How to file 2012 taxes online Form 1099-C If you receive a Form 1099-C, that means an applicable entity has reported an identifiable event to the IRS regarding a debt you owe. How to file 2012 taxes online The identifiable event may be an actual cancellation of the debt or it may be an event the applicable entity is required, solely for purposes of reporting to the IRS, to treat as a cancellation of debt. How to file 2012 taxes online For information on the reasons an applicable entity files Form 1099-C, see Identifiable event codes, later. How to file 2012 taxes online Unless you meet one of the exceptions or exclusions discussed later, this canceled debt is ordinary income and must be reported on the appropriate form discussed above. How to file 2012 taxes online An applicable entity includes: A federal government agency, A financial institution, A credit union, and Any organization a significant trade or business of which is lending money. How to file 2012 taxes online Identifiable event codes. How to file 2012 taxes online    Box 6 of Form 1099-C should indicate the reason the creditor filed this form. How to file 2012 taxes online The codes shown in box 6 are explained below. How to file 2012 taxes online Also see the chart after the explanation for a quick reference guide for the codes used in Box 6. How to file 2012 taxes online Note. How to file 2012 taxes online Codes A through G and I identify specific occurrences resulting from an actual discharge of indebtedness. How to file 2012 taxes online However, Code H, Expiration of nonpayment testing period, does not necessarily identify an actual discharge of indebtedness. How to file 2012 taxes online Code A — Bankruptcy. How to file 2012 taxes online Code A is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a title 11 bankruptcy case. How to file 2012 taxes online See Bankruptcy , later. How to file 2012 taxes online Code B — Other judicial debt relief. How to file 2012 taxes online Code B is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a receivership, foreclosure, or similar federal or state court proceeding other than bankruptcy. How to file 2012 taxes online Code C — Statute of limitations or expiration of deficiency period. How to file 2012 taxes online Code C is used to identify cancellation of debt either when the statute of limitations for collecting the debt expires or when the statutory period for filing a claim or beginning a deficiency judgment proceeding expires. How to file 2012 taxes online In the case of the expiration of a statute of limitations, an identifiable event occurs only if and when your affirmative defense of the statute of limitations is upheld in a final judgment or decision in a judicial proceeding, and the period for appealing the judgment or decision has expired. How to file 2012 taxes online Code D — Foreclosure election. How to file 2012 taxes online Code D is used to identify cancellation of debt when the creditor elects foreclosure remedies that statutorily end or bar the creditor's right to pursue collection of the debt. How to file 2012 taxes online This event applies to a mortgage lender or holder who is barred from pursuing debt collection after a power of sale in the mortgage or deed of trust is exercised. How to file 2012 taxes online Code E — Debt relief from probate or similar proceeding. How to file 2012 taxes online Code E is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a probate court or similar legal proceeding. How to file 2012 taxes online Code F — By agreement. How to file 2012 taxes online Code F is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of an agreement between the creditor and the debtor to cancel the debt at less than full consideration. How to file 2012 taxes online Code G — Decision or policy to discontinue collection. How to file 2012 taxes online Code G is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a decision or a defined policy of the creditor to discontinue collection activity and cancel the debt. How to file 2012 taxes online For purposes of this identifiable event, a defined policy includes both a written policy and the creditor's established business practice. How to file 2012 taxes online Code H — Expiration of nonpayment testing period. How to file 2012 taxes online Code H is used to indicate that the creditor has not received a payment on the debt during a testing period ending on December 31, 2013. How to file 2012 taxes online The testing period is a 36-month period increased by the number of months the creditor was prevented from engaging in collection activity by a stay in bankruptcy or similar bar under state or local law. How to file 2012 taxes online This identifiable event applies only for a creditor that is a financial institution or credit union (and certain of their subsidiaries), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC), National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), and other Federal executive agencies. How to file 2012 taxes online Expiration of the nonpayment testing period does not necessarily result from an actual discharge of indebtedness. How to file 2012 taxes online Code I — Other actual discharge before identifiable event. How to file 2012 taxes online Code I is used to identify an actual cancellation of debt that occurs before any of the identifiable events described in codes A through H. How to file 2012 taxes online Form 1099-C Reference Guide for Box 6 Identifiable Event Codes A Bankruptcy B Other judicial debt relief C Statute of limitations or expiration of deficiency period D Foreclosure election E Debt relief from probate or similar proceeding F By agreement G Decision or policy to discontinue collection H Expiration of nonpayment testing period I Other actual discharge before identifiable event Even if you did not receive a Form 1099-C, you must report canceled debt as gross income on your tax return unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. How to file 2012 taxes online Amount of canceled debt. How to file 2012 taxes online    The amount in box 2 of Form 1099-C may represent some or all of the debt that has been canceled or treated as canceled. How to file 2012 taxes online The amount in box 2 will include principal and may include interest and other nonprincipal amounts (such as fees or penalties). How to file 2012 taxes online Unless you meet one of the exceptions or exclusions discussed later, the amount of the debt that has been canceled is ordinary income and must be reported on the appropriate form as discussed earlier. How to file 2012 taxes online Interest included in canceled debt. How to file 2012 taxes online    If any interest is included in the amount of canceled debt in box 2, it will be shown in box 3. How to file 2012 taxes online Whether the interest portion of the canceled debt must be included in your income depends on whether the interest would be deductible if you paid it. How to file 2012 taxes online See Deductible Debt under Exceptions, later. How to file 2012 taxes online Persons who each receive a Form 1099-C showing the full amount of debt. How to file 2012 taxes online    If you and another person were jointly and severally liable for a canceled debt, each of you may get a Form 1099-C showing the entire amount of the canceled debt. How to file 2012 taxes online However, you may not have to report that entire amount as income. How to file 2012 taxes online The amount, if any, you must report depends on all the facts and circumstances, including: State law, The amount of debt proceeds each person received, How much of any interest deduction from the debt was claimed by each person, How much of the basis of any co-owned property bought with the debt proceeds was allocated to each co-owner, and Whether the canceled debt qualifies for any of the exceptions or exclusions described in this publication. How to file 2012 taxes online See Example 3 under Insolvency, later. How to file 2012 taxes online Discounts and loan modifications If a lender discounts (reduces) the principal balance of a loan because you pay it off early, or agrees to a loan modification (a “workout”) that includes a reduction in the principal balance of a loan, the amount of the discount or the amount of principal reduction is canceled debt. How to file 2012 taxes online However, if the debt is nonrecourse and you did not retain the collateral, you do not have cancellation of the debt income. How to file 2012 taxes online The amount of the canceled debt must be included in income unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. How to file 2012 taxes online For more details, see Exceptions and Exclusions, later. How to file 2012 taxes online Sales or other dispositions (such as foreclosures and repossessions) Recourse debt. How to file 2012 taxes online   If you owned property that was subject to a recourse debt in excess of the FMV of the property, the lender's foreclosure or repossession of the property is treated as a sale or disposition of the property by you and may result in your realization of gain or loss. How to file 2012 taxes online The gain or loss on the disposition of the property is measured by the difference between the FMV of the property at the time of the disposition and your adjusted basis (usually your cost) in the property. How to file 2012 taxes online The character of the gain or loss (such as ordinary or capital) is determined by the character of the property. How to file 2012 taxes online If the lender forgives all or part of the amount of the debt in excess of the FMV of the property, the cancellation of the excess debt may result in ordinary income. How to file 2012 taxes online The ordinary income from the cancellation of debt (the excess of the canceled debt over the FMV of the property) must be included in your gross income reported on your tax return unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. How to file 2012 taxes online For more details, see Exceptions and Exclusions, later. How to file 2012 taxes online Nonrecourse debt. How to file 2012 taxes online   If you owned property that was subject to a nonrecourse debt in excess of the FMV of the property, the lender's foreclosure on the property does not result in ordinary income from the cancellation of debt. How to file 2012 taxes online The entire amount of the nonrecourse debt is treated as an amount realized on the disposition of the property. How to file 2012 taxes online The gain or loss on the disposition of the property is measured by the difference between the total amount realized (the entire amount of the nonrecourse debt plus the amount of cash and the FMV of any property received) and your adjusted basis in the property. How to file 2012 taxes online The character of the gain or loss is determined by the character of the property. How to file 2012 taxes online More information. How to file 2012 taxes online    See Publications 523, 544, and 551, and chapter 2 of this publication for more details. How to file 2012 taxes online Abandonments Recourse debt. How to file 2012 taxes online   If you abandon property that secures a debt for which you are personally liable (recourse debt) and the debt is canceled, you will realize ordinary income equal to the canceled debt. How to file 2012 taxes online You must report this income on your tax return unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. How to file 2012 taxes online For more details, see Exceptions and Exclusions, later. How to file 2012 taxes online This income is separate from any amount realized from the abandonment of the property. How to file 2012 taxes online For more details, see chapter 3. How to file 2012 taxes online Nonrecourse debt. How to file 2012 taxes online   If you abandon property that secures a debt for which you are not personally liable (nonrecourse debt), you may realize gain or loss but will not have cancellation of indebtedness income. How to file 2012 taxes online Stockholder debt If you are a stockholder in a corporation and the corporation cancels or forgives your debt to it, the canceled debt is a constructive distribution. How to file 2012 taxes online For more information, see Publication 542, Corporations. How to file 2012 taxes online Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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