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Free tax preparation military 3. Free tax preparation military   Farm Income Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Schedule F (Form 1040) Sales of Farm ProductsSchedule F. Free tax preparation military Form 4797. Free tax preparation military Sales Caused by Weather-Related Conditions Rents (Including Crop Shares)Crop Shares Agricultural Program PaymentsCommodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Loans Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Crop Insurance and Crop Disaster Payments Feed Assistance and Payments Cost-Sharing Exclusion (Improvements) Payments Under the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 and Under the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 Tobacco Quota Buyout Program Payments Other Payments Payment to More Than One Person Income From CooperativesPatronage Dividends Per-Unit Retain Certificates Cancellation of DebtGeneral Rule Exceptions Exclusions Income From Other SourcesSod. Free tax preparation military Granting the right to remove deposits. Free tax preparation military Income Averaging for FarmersElected Farm Income (EFI) How To Figure the Tax Effect on Other Tax Determinations Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) Schedule J Introduction You may receive income from many sources. Free tax preparation military You must report the income from all the different sources on your tax return, unless it is excluded by law. Free tax preparation military Where you report the income on your tax return depends on its source. Free tax preparation military This chapter discusses farm income you report on Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming. Free tax preparation military For information on where to report other income, see the Instructions for Form 1040, U. Free tax preparation military S. Free tax preparation military Individual Income Tax Return. Free tax preparation military Accounting method. Free tax preparation military   The rules discussed in this chapter assume you use the cash method of accounting. Free tax preparation military Under the cash method, you generally include an item of income in gross income in the year you receive it. Free tax preparation military See Cash Method in chapter 2. Free tax preparation military   If you use an accrual method of accounting, different rules may apply to your situation. Free tax preparation military See Accrual Method in chapter 2. Free tax preparation military Topics - This chapter discusses: Schedule F Sales of farm products Rents (including crop shares) Agricultural program payments Income from cooperatives Cancellation of debt Income from other sources Income averaging for farmers Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income 550 Investment Income and Expenses 908 Bankruptcy Tax Guide 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 4681 Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments Form (and Instructions) 982 Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of Indebtedness Sch E (Form 1040) Supplemental Income and Loss Sch J (Form 1040) Income Averaging for Farmers and Fishermen 1099-G Certain Government Payments 1099-PATR Taxable Distributions Received From Cooperatives 4797 Sales of Business Property 4835 Farm Rental Income and Expenses See chapter 16 for information about getting publications and forms. Free tax preparation military Schedule F (Form 1040) Individuals, trusts, and partnerships report farm income on Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming. Free tax preparation military Use this schedule to figure the net profit or loss from regular farming operations. Free tax preparation military Income from farming reported on Schedule F includes amounts you receive from cultivating, operating, or managing a farm for gain or profit, either as owner or tenant. Free tax preparation military This includes income from operating a stock, dairy, poultry, fish, fruit, or truck farm and income from operating a plantation, ranch, range, or orchard. Free tax preparation military It also includes income from the sale of crop shares if you materially participate in producing the crop. Free tax preparation military See Rents (Including Crop Shares) , later. Free tax preparation military Income received from operating a nursery, which specializes in growing ornamental plants, is considered to be income from farming. Free tax preparation military Income reported on Schedule F does not include gains or losses from sales or other dispositions of the following farm assets. Free tax preparation military Land. Free tax preparation military Depreciable farm equipment. Free tax preparation military Buildings and structures. Free tax preparation military Livestock held for draft, breeding, sport, or dairy purposes. Free tax preparation military Gains and losses from most dispositions of farm assets are discussed in chapters 8 and 9. Free tax preparation military Gains and losses from casualties, thefts, and condemnations are discussed in chapter 11. Free tax preparation military Sales of Farm Products Where to report. Free tax preparation military    Table 3-1 shows where to report the sale of farm products on your tax return. Free tax preparation military Schedule F. Free tax preparation military   Amounts received from the sales of products you raised on your farm for sale (or bought for resale), such as livestock, produce, or grains, are reported on Schedule F. Free tax preparation military This includes money and the fair market value of any property or services you receive. Free tax preparation military When you sell farm products bought for resale, your profit or loss is the difference between your selling price (money plus the fair market value of any property) and your basis in the item (usually the cost). Free tax preparation military See chapter 6 for information on the basis of assets. Free tax preparation military You generally report these amounts on Schedule F for the year you receive payment. Free tax preparation military Example. Free tax preparation military In 2012, you bought 20 feeder calves for $11,000 for resale. Free tax preparation military You sold them in 2013 for $21,000. Free tax preparation military You report the $21,000 sales price on Schedule F, line 1b, subtract your $11,000 basis on line 1d, and report the resulting $10,000 profit on line 1e. Free tax preparation military Form 4797. Free tax preparation military   Sales of livestock held for draft, breeding, sport, or dairy purposes may result in ordinary or capital gains or losses, depending on the circumstances. Free tax preparation military In either case, you should always report these sales on Form 4797 instead of Schedule F. Free tax preparation military See Livestock under Ordinary or Capital Gain or Loss in chapter 8. Free tax preparation military Animals you do not hold primarily for sale are considered business assets of your farm. Free tax preparation military Table 3-1. Free tax preparation military Where To Report Sales of Farm Products Item Sold Schedule F Form 4797 Farm products raised for sale X   Farm products bought for resale X   Farm assets not held primarily for sale, such as livestock held for draft, breeding, sport, or dairy purposes (bought or raised)   X Sale by agent. Free tax preparation military   If your agent sells your farm products, you have constructive receipt of the income when your agent receives payment and you must include the net proceeds from the sale in gross income for the year the agent receives payment. Free tax preparation military This applies even if your agent pays you in a later year. Free tax preparation military For a discussion on constructive receipt of income, see Cash Method under Accounting Methods in chapter 2. Free tax preparation military Sales Caused by Weather-Related Conditions If you sell or exchange more livestock, including poultry, than you normally would in a year because of a drought, flood, or other weather-related condition, you may be able to postpone reporting the gain from the additional animals until the next year. Free tax preparation military You must meet all the following conditions to qualify. Free tax preparation military Your principal trade or business is farming. Free tax preparation military You use the cash method of accounting. Free tax preparation military You can show that, under your usual business practices, you would not have sold or exchanged the additional animals this year except for the weather-related condition. Free tax preparation military The weather-related condition caused an area to be designated as eligible for assistance by the federal government. Free tax preparation military Sales or exchanges made before an area became eligible for federal assistance qualify if the weather-related condition that caused the sale or exchange also caused the area to be designated as eligible for federal assistance. Free tax preparation military The designation can be made by the President, the Department of Agriculture (or any of its agencies), or by other federal departments or agencies. Free tax preparation military A weather-related sale or exchange of livestock (other than poultry) held for draft, breeding, or dairy purposes may be an involuntary conversion. Free tax preparation military See Other Involuntary Conversions in chapter 11. Free tax preparation military Usual business practice. Free tax preparation military   You must determine the number of animals you would have sold had you followed your usual business practice in the absence of the weather-related condition. Free tax preparation military Do this by considering all the facts and circumstances, but do not take into account your sales in any earlier year for which you postponed the gain. Free tax preparation military If you have not yet established a usual business practice, rely on the usual business practices of similarly situated farmers in your general region. Free tax preparation military Connection with affected area. Free tax preparation military   The livestock does not have to be raised or sold in an area affected by a weather-related condition for the postponement to apply. Free tax preparation military However, the sale must occur solely because of a weather-related condition that affected the water, grazing, or other requirements of the livestock. Free tax preparation military This requirement generally will not be met if the costs of feed, water, or other requirements of the livestock affected by the weather-related condition are not substantial in relation to the total costs of holding the livestock. Free tax preparation military Classes of livestock. Free tax preparation military   You must figure the amount to be postponed separately for each generic class of animals—for example, hogs, sheep, and cattle. Free tax preparation military Do not separate animals into classes based on age, sex, or breed. Free tax preparation military Amount to be postponed. Free tax preparation military   Follow these steps to figure the amount of gain to be postponed for each class of animals. Free tax preparation military Divide the total income realized from the sale of all livestock in the class during the tax year by the total number of such livestock sold. Free tax preparation military For this purpose, do not treat any postponed gain from the previous year as income received from the sale of livestock. Free tax preparation military Multiply the result in (1) by the excess number of such livestock sold solely because of weather-related conditions. Free tax preparation military Example. Free tax preparation military You are a calendar year taxpayer and you normally sell 100 head of beef cattle a year. Free tax preparation military As a result of drought, you sold 135 head during 2012. Free tax preparation military You realized $70,200 from the sale. Free tax preparation military On August 9, 2012, as a result of drought, the affected area was declared a disaster area eligible for federal assistance. Free tax preparation military The income you can postpone until 2013 is $18,200 [($70,200 ÷ 135) × 35]. Free tax preparation military How to postpone gain. Free tax preparation military   To postpone gain, attach a statement to your tax return for the year of the sale. Free tax preparation military The statement must include your name and address and give the following information for each class of livestock for which you are postponing gain. Free tax preparation military A statement that you are postponing gain under Internal Revenue Code (IRC) section 451(e). Free tax preparation military Evidence of the weather-related conditions that forced the early sale or exchange of the livestock and the date, if known, on which an area was designated as eligible for assistance by the federal government because of weather-related conditions. Free tax preparation military A statement explaining the relationship of the area affected by the weather-related condition to your early sale or exchange of the livestock. Free tax preparation military The number of animals sold in each of the 3 preceding years. Free tax preparation military The number of animals you would have sold in the tax year had you followed your normal business practice in the absence of weather-related conditions. Free tax preparation military The total number of animals sold and the number sold because of weather-related conditions during the tax year. Free tax preparation military A computation, as described above, of the income to be postponed for each class of livestock. Free tax preparation military   Generally, you must file the statement and the return by the due date of the return, including extensions. Free tax preparation military However, for sales or exchanges treated as an involuntary conversion from weather-related sales of livestock in an area eligible for federal assistance (discussed in chapter 11), you can file this statement at any time during the replacement period. Free tax preparation military For other sales or exchanges, if you timely filed your return for the year without postponing gain, you can still postpone gain by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). Free tax preparation military Attach the statement to the amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. Free tax preparation military 9100-2” at the top of the amended return. Free tax preparation military File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. Free tax preparation military Once you have filed the statement, you can cancel your postponement of gain only with the approval of the IRS. Free tax preparation military Rents (Including Crop Shares) The rent you receive for the use of your farmland is generally rental income, not farm income. Free tax preparation military However, if you materially participate in farming operations on the land, the rent is farm income. Free tax preparation military See Landlord Participation in Farming in chapter 12. Free tax preparation military Pasture income and rental. Free tax preparation military   If you pasture someone else's livestock and take care of them for a fee, the income is from your farming business. Free tax preparation military You must enter it as Other income on Schedule F. Free tax preparation military If you simply rent your pasture for a flat cash amount without providing services, report the income as rent on Part I of Schedule E (Form 1040), Supplemental Income and Loss. Free tax preparation military Crop Shares You must include rent you receive in the form of crop shares in income in the year you convert the shares to money or the equivalent of money. Free tax preparation military It does not matter whether you use the cash method of accounting or an accrual method of accounting. Free tax preparation military If you materially participate in operating a farm from which you receive rent in the form of crop shares or livestock, the rental income is included in self-employment income. Free tax preparation military See Landlord Participation in Farming in chapter 12. Free tax preparation military Report the rental income on Schedule F. Free tax preparation military If you do not materially participate in operating the farm, report this income on Form 4835 and carry the net income or loss to Schedule E (Form 1040). Free tax preparation military The income is not included in self-employment income. Free tax preparation military Crop shares you use to feed livestock. Free tax preparation military   Crop shares you receive as a landlord and feed to your livestock are considered converted to money when fed to the livestock. Free tax preparation military You must include the fair market value of the crop shares in income at that time. Free tax preparation military You are entitled to a business expense deduction for the livestock feed in the same amount and at the same time you include the fair market value of the crop share as rental income. Free tax preparation military Although these two transactions cancel each other for figuring adjusted gross income on Form 1040, they may be necessary to figure your self-employment tax. Free tax preparation military See  chapter 12. Free tax preparation military Crop shares you give to others (gift). Free tax preparation military   Crop shares you receive as a landlord and give to others are considered converted to money when you make the gift. Free tax preparation military You must report the fair market value of the crop share as income, even though someone else receives payment for the crop share. Free tax preparation military Example. Free tax preparation military A tenant farmed part of your land under a crop-share arrangement. Free tax preparation military The tenant harvested and delivered the crop in your name to an elevator company. Free tax preparation military Before selling any of the crop, you instructed the elevator company to cancel your warehouse receipt and make out new warehouse receipts in equal amounts of the crop in the names of your children. Free tax preparation military They sell their crop shares in the following year and the elevator company makes payments directly to your children. Free tax preparation military In this situation, you are considered to have received rental income and then made a gift of that income. Free tax preparation military You must include the fair market value of the crop shares in your income for the tax year you gave the crop shares to your children. Free tax preparation military Crop share loss. Free tax preparation military   If you are involved in a rental or crop-share lease arrangement, any loss from these activities may be subject to the limits under the passive loss rules. Free tax preparation military See Publication 925 for information on these rules. Free tax preparation military Agricultural Program Payments You must include in income most government payments, such as those for approved conservation practices, direct payments, and counter-cyclical payments, whether you receive them in cash, materials, services, or commodity certificates. Free tax preparation military However, you can exclude from income some payments you receive under certain cost-sharing conservation programs. Free tax preparation military See Cost-Sharing Exclusion (Improvements) , later. Free tax preparation military Report the agricultural program payment on the appropriate line of Schedule F, Part I. Free tax preparation military Report the full amount even if you return a government check for cancellation, refund any of the payment you receive, or the government collects all or part of the payment from you by reducing the amount of some other payment or Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) loan. Free tax preparation military However, you can deduct the amount you refund or return or that reduces some other payment or loan to you. Free tax preparation military Claim the deduction on Schedule F for the year of repayment or reduction. Free tax preparation military Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Loans Generally, you do not report loans you receive as income. Free tax preparation military However, if you pledge part or all of your production to secure a CCC loan, you can treat the loan as if it were a sale of the crop and report the loan proceeds as income in the year you receive them. Free tax preparation military You do not need approval from the IRS to adopt this method of reporting CCC loans. Free tax preparation military Once you report a CCC loan as income for the year received, you generally must report all CCC loans in that year and later years in the same way. Free tax preparation military However, you can obtain for your tax year an automatic consent to change your method of accounting for loans received from the CCC, from including the loan amount in gross income for the tax year in which the loan is received to treating the loan amount as a loan. Free tax preparation military For more information, see Part I of the Instructions for Form 3115 and Revenue Procedure 2008-52. Free tax preparation military Revenue Procedure 2008-52, 2008-36 I. Free tax preparation military R. Free tax preparation military B. Free tax preparation military 587, is available at  www. Free tax preparation military irs. Free tax preparation military gov/irb/2008-36_IRB/ar09. Free tax preparation military html. Free tax preparation military You can request income tax withholding from CCC loan payments you receive. Free tax preparation military Use Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. Free tax preparation military See chapter 16 for information about ordering the form. Free tax preparation military To elect to report a CCC loan as income, include the loan proceeds as income on Schedule F, line 7a, for the year you receive it. Free tax preparation military Attach a statement to your return showing the details of the loan. Free tax preparation military You must file the statement and the return by the due date of the return, including extensions. Free tax preparation military If you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). Free tax preparation military Attach the statement to the amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. Free tax preparation military 9100-2” at the top of the return. Free tax preparation military File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. Free tax preparation military When you make this election, the amount you report as income becomes your basis in the commodity. Free tax preparation military See chapter 6 for information on the basis of assets. Free tax preparation military If you later repay the loan, redeem the pledged commodity, and sell it, you report as income at the time of sale the sale proceeds minus your basis in the commodity. Free tax preparation military If the sale proceeds are less than your basis in the commodity, you can report the difference as a loss on Schedule F. Free tax preparation military If you forfeit the pledged crops to the CCC in full payment of the loan, the forfeiture is treated for tax purposes as a sale of the crops. Free tax preparation military If you did not report the loan proceeds as income for the year you received them, you must include them in your income for the year of the forfeiture. Free tax preparation military Form 1099-A. Free tax preparation military   If you forfeit pledged crops to the CCC in full payment of a loan, you may receive a Form 1099-A, Acquisition or Abandonment of Secured Property. Free tax preparation military “CCC” should be shown in box 6. Free tax preparation military The amount of any CCC loan outstanding when you forfeited your commodity should also be indicated on the form. Free tax preparation military Market Gain Under the CCC nonrecourse marketing assistance loan program, your repayment amount for a loan secured by your pledge of an eligible commodity is generally based on the lower of the loan rate or the prevailing world market price for the commodity on the date of repayment. Free tax preparation military If you repay the loan when the world price is lower, the difference between that repayment amount and the original loan amount is market gain. Free tax preparation military Whether you use cash or CCC certificates to repay the loan, you will receive a Form 1099-G showing the market gain you realized. Free tax preparation military Market gain should be reported as follows. Free tax preparation military If you elected to include the CCC loan in income in the year you received it, do not include the market gain in income. Free tax preparation military However, adjust the basis of the commodity for the amount of the market gain. Free tax preparation military If you did not include the CCC loan in income in the year received, include the market gain in your income. Free tax preparation military The following examples show how to report market gain. Free tax preparation military Example 1. Free tax preparation military Mike Green is a cotton farmer. Free tax preparation military He uses the cash method of accounting and files his tax return on a calendar year basis. Free tax preparation military He has deducted all expenses incurred in producing the cotton and has a zero basis in the commodity. Free tax preparation military In 2012, Mike pledged 1,000 pounds of cotton as collateral for a CCC loan of $2,000 (a loan rate of $2. Free tax preparation military 00 per pound). Free tax preparation military In 2013, he repaid the loan and redeemed the cotton for $1,500 when the world price was $1. Free tax preparation military 50 per pound (lower than the loan amount). Free tax preparation military Later in 2013, he sold the cotton for $2,500. Free tax preparation military The market gain on the redemption was $. Free tax preparation military 50 ($2. Free tax preparation military 00 – $1. Free tax preparation military 50) per pound. Free tax preparation military Mike realized total market gain of $500 ($. Free tax preparation military 50 x 1,000 pounds). Free tax preparation military How he reports this market gain and figures his gain or loss from the sale of the cotton depends on whether he included CCC loans in income in 2012. Free tax preparation military Included CCC loan. Free tax preparation military   Mike reported the $2,000 CCC loan as income for 2012 on Schedule F, line 1b, so he is treated as if he sold the cotton for $2,000 when he pledged it and repurchased the cotton for $1,500 when he redeemed it. Free tax preparation military The $500 market gain is not recognized on the redemption. Free tax preparation military He reports it for 2013 as an agricultural program payment on Schedule F, line 4a, but does not include it as a taxable amount on line 4b. Free tax preparation military   Mike's basis in the cotton after he redeemed it was $1,500, which is the redemption (repurchase) price paid for the cotton. Free tax preparation military His gain from the sale is $1,000 ($2,500 – $1,500). Free tax preparation military He reports the $1,000 gain as income for 2013 on Schedule F, line 1b. Free tax preparation military Excluded CCC loan. Free tax preparation military   Mike has income of $500 from market gain in 2013. Free tax preparation military He reports it on Schedule F, lines 4a and 4b. Free tax preparation military His basis in the cotton is zero, so his gain from its sale is $2,500. Free tax preparation military He reports the $2,500 gain as income for 2013 on Schedule F, line 1b. Free tax preparation military Example 2. Free tax preparation military The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that, instead of selling the cotton for $2,500 after redeeming it, Mike entered into an option-to-purchase contract with a cotton buyer before redeeming the cotton. Free tax preparation military Under that contract, Mike authorized the cotton buyer to pay the CCC loan on Mike's behalf. Free tax preparation military In 2013, the cotton buyer repaid the loan for $1,500 and immediately exercised his option, buying the cotton for $1,500. Free tax preparation military How Mike reports the $500 market gain on the redemption of the cotton and figures his gain or loss from its sale depends on whether he included CCC loans in income in 2012. Free tax preparation military Included CCC loan. Free tax preparation military   As in Example 1, Mike is treated as though he sold the cotton for $2,000 when he pledged it and repurchased the cotton for $1,500 when the cotton buyer redeemed it for him. Free tax preparation military The $500 market gain is not recognized on the redemption. Free tax preparation military Mike reports it for 2013 as an agricultural program payment on Schedule F, line 4a, but does not include it as a taxable amount on line 4b. Free tax preparation military   Also, as in Example 1, Mike's basis in the cotton when the cotton buyer redeemed it for him was $1,500. Free tax preparation military Mike has no gain or loss on its sale to the cotton buyer for that amount. Free tax preparation military Excluded CCC loan. Free tax preparation military   As in Example 1, Mike has income of $500 from market gain in 2013. Free tax preparation military He reports it on Schedule F, lines 4a and 4b. Free tax preparation military His basis in the cotton is zero, so his gain from its sale is $1,500. Free tax preparation military He reports the $1,500 gain as income for 2013 on Schedule F, line 1b. Free tax preparation military Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Under the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), if you own or operate highly erodible or other specified cropland, you may enter into a long-term contract with the USDA, agreeing to convert to a less intensive use of that cropland. Free tax preparation military You must include the annual rental payments and any one-time incentive payment you receive under the program on Schedule F, lines 4a and 4b. Free tax preparation military Cost-share payments you receive may qualify for the cost-sharing exclusion. Free tax preparation military See Cost-Sharing Exclusion (Improvements) , later. Free tax preparation military CRP payments are reported to you on Form 1099-G. Free tax preparation military Individuals who are receiving Social Security retirement or disability benefits may exclude CRP payments when calculating self-employment tax. Free tax preparation military See the instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040). Free tax preparation military Crop Insurance and Crop Disaster Payments You must include in income any crop insurance proceeds you receive as the result of physical crop damage or reduction of crop revenue, or both. Free tax preparation military You generally include them in the year you receive them. Free tax preparation military Treat as crop insurance proceeds the crop disaster payments you receive from the federal government as the result of destruction or damage to crops, or the inability to plant crops, because of drought, flood, or any other natural disaster. Free tax preparation military You can request income tax withholding from crop disaster payments you receive from the federal government. Free tax preparation military Use Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. Free tax preparation military See chapter 16 for information about ordering the form. Free tax preparation military Election to postpone reporting until the following year. Free tax preparation military   You can postpone reporting some or all crop insurance proceeds as income until the year following the year the physical damage occurred if you meet all the following conditions. Free tax preparation military You use the cash method of accounting. Free tax preparation military You receive the crop insurance proceeds in the same tax year the crops are damaged. Free tax preparation military You can show that under your normal business practice you would have included income from the damaged crops in any tax year following the year the damage occurred. Free tax preparation military   Deferral is not permitted for proceeds received from revenue insurance policies. Free tax preparation military   To postpone reporting some or all crop insurance proceeds received in 2013, report the amount you received on Schedule F, line 6a, but do not include it as a taxable amount on line 6b. Free tax preparation military Check the box on line 8c and attach a statement to your tax return. Free tax preparation military The statement must include your name and address and contain the following information. Free tax preparation military A statement that you are making an election under IRC section 451(d) and Regulations section 1. Free tax preparation military 451-6. Free tax preparation military The specific crop or crops physically destroyed or damaged. Free tax preparation military A statement that under your normal business practice you would have included income from some or all of the destroyed or damaged crops in gross income for a tax year following the year the crops were destroyed or damaged. Free tax preparation military The cause of the physical destruction or damage and the date or dates it occurred. Free tax preparation military The total payments you received from insurance carriers, itemized for each specific crop, and the date you received each payment. Free tax preparation military The name of each insurance carrier from whom you received payments. Free tax preparation military   One election covers all crops representing a single trade or business. Free tax preparation military If you have more than one farming business, make a separate election for each one. Free tax preparation military For example, if you operate two separate farms on which you grow different crops and you keep separate books for each farm, you should make two separate elections to postpone reporting insurance proceeds you receive for crops grown on each of your farms. Free tax preparation military   An election is binding for the year unless the IRS approves your request to change it. Free tax preparation military To request IRS approval to change your election, write to the IRS at the following address giving your name, address, identification number, the year you made the election, and your reasons for wanting to change it. Free tax preparation military Ogden Submission Processing Center P. Free tax preparation military O. Free tax preparation military Box 9941 Ogden, UT 84409 Feed Assistance and Payments The Disaster Assistance Act of 1988 authorizes programs to provide feed assistance, reimbursement payments, and other benefits to qualifying livestock producers if the Secretary of Agriculture determines that, because of a natural disaster, a livestock emergency exists. Free tax preparation military These programs include partial reimbursement for the cost of purchased feed and for certain transportation expenses. Free tax preparation military They also include the donation or sale at a below-market price of feed owned by the Commodity Credit Corporation. Free tax preparation military Include in income: The market value of donated feed, The difference between the market value and the price you paid for feed you buy at below-market prices, and Any cost reimbursement you receive. Free tax preparation military You must include these benefits in income in the year you receive them. Free tax preparation military You cannot postpone reporting them under the rules explained earlier for weather-related sales of livestock or crop insurance proceeds. Free tax preparation military Report the benefits on Schedule F, Part I, as agricultural program payments. Free tax preparation military You can usually take a current deduction for the same amount as a feed expense. Free tax preparation military Cost-Sharing Exclusion (Improvements) You can exclude from your income part or all of a payment you receive under certain federal or state cost-sharing conservation, reclamation, and restoration programs. Free tax preparation military A payment is any economic benefit you get as a result of an improvement. Free tax preparation military However, this exclusion applies only to that part of a payment that meets all three of the following tests. Free tax preparation military It was for a capital expense. Free tax preparation military You cannot exclude any part of a payment for an expense you can deduct in the year you pay or incur it. Free tax preparation military You must include the payment for a deductible expense in income, and you can take any offsetting deduction. Free tax preparation military See chapter 5 for information on deducting soil and water conservation expenses. Free tax preparation military It does not substantially increase your annual income from the property for which it is made. Free tax preparation military An increase in annual income is substantial if it is more than the greater of the following amounts. Free tax preparation military 10% of the average annual income derived from the affected property before receiving the improvement. Free tax preparation military $2. Free tax preparation military 50 times the number of affected acres. Free tax preparation military The Secretary of Agriculture certified that the payment was primarily made for conserving soil and water resources, protecting or restoring the environment, improving forests, or providing a habitat for wildlife. Free tax preparation military Qualifying programs. Free tax preparation military   If the three tests listed above are met, you can exclude part or all of the payments from the following programs. Free tax preparation military The rural clean water program authorized by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. Free tax preparation military The rural abandoned mine program authorized by the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Free tax preparation military The water bank program authorized by the Water Bank Act. Free tax preparation military The emergency conservation measures program authorized by title IV of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978. Free tax preparation military The agricultural conservation program authorized by the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act. Free tax preparation military The great plains conservation program authorized by the Soil Conservation and Domestic Policy Act. Free tax preparation military The resource conservation and development program authorized by the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act and by the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act. Free tax preparation military Certain small watershed programs, listed later. Free tax preparation military Any program of a state, possession of the United States, a political subdivision of any of these, or of the District of Columbia under which payments are made to individuals primarily for conserving soil, protecting or restoring the environment, improving forests, or providing a habitat for wildlife. Free tax preparation military Several state programs have been approved. Free tax preparation military For information about the status of those programs, contact the state offices of the Farm Service Agency (FSA) and the Natural Resources and Conservation Service (NRCS). Free tax preparation military Small watershed programs. Free tax preparation military   If the three tests listed earlier are met, you can exclude part or all of the payments you receive under the following programs for improvements made in connection with a watershed. Free tax preparation military The programs under the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act. Free tax preparation military The flood prevention projects under the Flood Control Act of 1944. Free tax preparation military The Emergency Watershed Protection Program under the Flood Control Act of 1950. Free tax preparation military Certain programs under the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act. Free tax preparation military The Wetlands Reserve Program authorized by the Food Security Act of 1985, the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 and the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002. Free tax preparation military The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) authorized by the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996. Free tax preparation military The Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP) authorized by the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996. Free tax preparation military The Soil and Water Conservation Assistance Program authorized by the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000. Free tax preparation military The Agricultural Management Assistance Program authorized by the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000. Free tax preparation military The Conservation Reserve Program authorized by the Food Security Act of 1985 and the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996. Free tax preparation military The Forest Land Enhancement Program authorized under the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002. Free tax preparation military The Conservation Security Program authorized by the Food Security Act of 1985. Free tax preparation military The Forest Health Protection Program (FHPP) authorized by the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978. Free tax preparation military Income realized. Free tax preparation military   The gross income you realize upon getting an improvement under these cost-sharing programs is the value of the improvement reduced by the sum of the excludable portion and your share of the cost of the improvement (if any). Free tax preparation military Value of the improvement. Free tax preparation military   You determine the value of the improvement by multiplying its fair market value (defined in chapter 6) by a fraction. Free tax preparation military The numerator of the fraction is the total cost of the improvement (all amounts paid either by you or by the government for the improvement) reduced by the sum of the following items. Free tax preparation military Any government payments under a program not listed earlier. Free tax preparation military Any part of a government payment under a program listed earlier that the Secretary of Agriculture has not certified as primarily for conservation. Free tax preparation military Any government payment to you for rent or for your services. Free tax preparation military The denominator of the fraction is the total cost of the improvement. Free tax preparation military Excludable portion. Free tax preparation military   The excludable portion is the present fair market value of the right to receive annual income from the affected acreage of the greater of the following amounts. Free tax preparation military 10% of the prior average annual income from the affected acreage. Free tax preparation military The prior average annual income is the average of the gross receipts from the affected acreage for the last 3 tax years before the tax year in which you started to install the improvement. Free tax preparation military $2. Free tax preparation military 50 times the number of affected acres. Free tax preparation military The calculation of present fair market value of the right to receive annual income is too complex to discuss in this publication. Free tax preparation military You may need to consult your tax advisor for assistance. Free tax preparation military Example. Free tax preparation military One hundred acres of your land was reclaimed under a rural abandoned mine program contract with the Natural Resources Conservation Service of the USDA. Free tax preparation military The total cost of the improvement was $500,000. Free tax preparation military The USDA paid $490,000. Free tax preparation military You paid $10,000. Free tax preparation military The value of the cost-sharing improvement is $15,000. Free tax preparation military The present fair market value of the right to receive the annual income described in (1) above is $1,380, and the present fair market value of the right to receive the annual income described in (2) is $1,550. Free tax preparation military The excludable portion is the greater amount, $1,550. Free tax preparation military You figure the amount to include in gross income as follows: Value of cost-sharing improvement $15,000 Minus: Your share $10,000     Excludable portion 1,550 11,550 Amount included in income $ 3,450 Effects of the exclusion. Free tax preparation military   When you figure the basis of property you acquire or improve using cost-sharing payments excluded from income, subtract the excluded payments from your capital costs. Free tax preparation military Any payment excluded from income is not part of your basis. Free tax preparation military In the example above, the increase in basis is $500,000 – $490,000 + $3,450 = $13,450. Free tax preparation military   In addition, you cannot take depreciation, amortization, or depletion deductions for the part of the cost of the property for which you receive cost-sharing payments you exclude from income. Free tax preparation military How to report the exclusion. Free tax preparation military   Attach a statement to your tax return (or amended return) for the tax year you receive the last government payment for the improvement. Free tax preparation military The statement must include the following information. Free tax preparation military The dollar amount of the cost funded by the government payment. Free tax preparation military The value of the improvement. Free tax preparation military The amount you are excluding. Free tax preparation military   Report the total cost-sharing payments you receive on Schedule F, line 4a, and the taxable amount on line 4b. Free tax preparation military Recapture. Free tax preparation military   If you dispose of the property within 20 years after you received the excluded payments, you must treat as ordinary income part or all of the cost-sharing payments you excluded. Free tax preparation military In the above example, if the 100 acres were sold within 20 years of the exclusion for a gain of $2,000, $1,550 of that amount would be included in ordinary income. Free tax preparation military You must report the recapture on Form 4797. Free tax preparation military See Section 1255 property under Other Gains in chapter 9. Free tax preparation military Electing not to exclude payments. Free tax preparation military   You can elect not to exclude all or part of any payments you receive under these programs. Free tax preparation military If you make this election for all of these payments, none of the above restrictions and rules apply. Free tax preparation military You must make this election by the due date, including extensions, for filing your return. Free tax preparation military In the example above, an election not to exclude payments results in $5,000 included in income and a $15,000 increase in basis. Free tax preparation military If you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). Free tax preparation military Write “Filed pursuant to section 301. Free tax preparation military 9100-2” at the top of the amended return and file it at the same address you filed the original return. Free tax preparation military Payments Under the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 and Under the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 created two new types of payments—direct and counter-cyclical payments. Free tax preparation military You must include these payments on Schedule F, lines 4a and 4b. Free tax preparation military The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 provides for direct and counter-cyclical payments (DCP) as well as Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) payments. Free tax preparation military You must include these payments on Schedule F, lines 6a and 6b. Free tax preparation military The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, enacted on January 2, 2013, amends the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 and provided a one-year extension for these payments. Free tax preparation military Tobacco Quota Buyout Program Payments The Fair and Equitable Tobacco Reform Act of 2004, title VI of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004, terminated the tobacco marketing quota program and the tobacco price support program. Free tax preparation military As a result, the USDA offered to enter into contracts with eligible tobacco quota holders and growers to provide compensation for the lost value of the quotas and related price support. Free tax preparation military If you are an eligible tobacco quota holder, your contract entitles you to receive total payments of $7 per pound of quota in 10 equal annual payments in fiscal years 2005 through 2014. Free tax preparation military If you are an eligible tobacco grower, your contract entitles you to receive total payments of up to $3 per pound of quota in 10 equal annual payments in fiscal years 2005 through 2014. Free tax preparation military Tobacco Quota Holders Contract payments you receive are considered proceeds from a sale of your tobacco quota as of the date on which you and the USDA enter into the contract. Free tax preparation military Your taxable gain or loss is the total amount received for your quota reduced by any amount treated as interest (discussed below), over your adjusted basis. Free tax preparation military The gain or loss is capital or ordinary depending on how you used the quota. Free tax preparation military See Capital or ordinary gain or loss , later. Free tax preparation military Report the entire gain on your income tax return for the tax year that includes the date you entered into the contract if you elect not to use the installment method. Free tax preparation military Adjusted basis. Free tax preparation military   The adjusted basis of your quota is determined differently depending on how you obtained the quota. Free tax preparation military The basis of a quota derived from an original grant by the federal government is zero. Free tax preparation military The basis of a purchased quota is the purchase price. Free tax preparation military The basis of a quota received as a gift is generally the same as the donor's basis. Free tax preparation military However, under certain circumstances, the basis is increased by the amount of gift taxes paid. Free tax preparation military If the basis is greater than the fair market value of the quota at the time of the gift, the basis for determining loss is the fair market value. Free tax preparation military The basis of an inherited quota is generally the fair market value of the quota at the time of the decedent's death. Free tax preparation military Reduction of basis. Free tax preparation military   You are required to reduce the basis of your tobacco quota by the following amounts. Free tax preparation military Deductions you took for amortization, depletion, or depreciation. Free tax preparation military Amounts you previously deducted as a loss because of a reduction in the number of pounds of tobacco allowable under the quota. Free tax preparation military The entire cost of a purchased quota you deducted in an earlier year (which reduces your basis to zero). Free tax preparation military Amount treated as interest. Free tax preparation military   You must reduce your tobacco quota buyout program payment by the amount treated as interest. Free tax preparation military The interest is reportable as ordinary income. Free tax preparation military If payments total $3,000 or less, your total quota buyout program payment does not include any amount treated as interest and you are not required to reduce the total payment you receive. Free tax preparation military   In all other cases, a portion of each payment may be treated as interest for federal tax purposes. Free tax preparation military You may be required to reduce your total quota buyout program payment before you calculate your gain or loss. Free tax preparation military For more information, see Notice 2005-57, 2005-32 I. Free tax preparation military R. Free tax preparation military B. Free tax preparation military 267, available at www. Free tax preparation military irs. Free tax preparation military gov/irb/2005-32_IRB/ar13. Free tax preparation military html. Free tax preparation military Installment method. Free tax preparation military   You may use the installment method to report a gain if you receive at least one payment after the close of your tax year. Free tax preparation military Under the installment method, a portion of the gain is taken into account in each year in which a payment is received. Free tax preparation military See chapter 10 for more information. Free tax preparation military Capital or ordinary gain or loss. Free tax preparation military   Whether your gain or loss is ordinary or capital depends on how you used the quota. Free tax preparation military Quota used in the trade or business of farming. Free tax preparation military   If you used the quota in the trade or business of farming and you held it for more than one year, you report the transaction as a section 1231 transaction on Form 4797. Free tax preparation military See Section 1231 transactions in the Instructions for Form 4797 for detailed information on reporting section 1231 transactions. Free tax preparation military Quota held for investment. Free tax preparation military   If you held the quota for investment purposes, any gain or loss is capital gain or loss. Free tax preparation military The same result also applies if you held the quota for the production of income, though not connected with a trade or business. Free tax preparation military Gain treated as ordinary income. Free tax preparation military   If you previously deducted any of the following items, some or all of the capital gain must be recharacterized and reported as ordinary income. Free tax preparation military Any resulting capital gain is taxed as ordinary income up to the amount previously deducted. Free tax preparation military The cost of acquiring a quota. Free tax preparation military Amounts for amortization, depletion, or depreciation. Free tax preparation military Amounts to reflect a reduction in the quota pounds. Free tax preparation military   You should include the ordinary income on your return for the tax year even if you use the installment method to report the remainder of the gain. Free tax preparation military Self-employment income. Free tax preparation military   The tobacco quota buyout payments are not self-employment income. Free tax preparation military Income averaging for farmers. Free tax preparation military   The gain or loss resulting from the quota payments does not qualify for income averaging. Free tax preparation military A tobacco quota is considered an interest in land. Free tax preparation military Income averaging is not available for gain or loss arising from the sale or other disposition of land. Free tax preparation military Involuntary conversion. Free tax preparation military   The buyout of the tobacco quota is not an involuntary conversion. Free tax preparation military Form 1099-S. Free tax preparation military   A tobacco quota is considered an interest in land, so the USDA will generally report the total amount you receive under a contract on Form 1099-S, Proceeds From Real Estate Transactions, if the amount is $600 or more. Free tax preparation military The USDA will generally report any portion of a payment treated as interest of $600 or more to you on Form 1099-INT, Interest Income, for the year in which the payment is made. Free tax preparation military Like-kind exchange of quota. Free tax preparation military   You may postpone reporting the gain or loss from tobacco quota buyout payments by entering into a like-kind exchange if you comply with the requirements of section 1031 and the regulations thereunder. Free tax preparation military See Notice 2005-57 for more information. Free tax preparation military Tobacco Growers Contract payments you receive are determined by reference to the amount of quota under which you produced (or planted) quota tobacco during the 2002, 2003, and 2004 tobacco marketing years and are prorated based on the number of years that you produced (or planted) quota tobacco during those years. Free tax preparation military Taxation of payments to tobacco growers. Free tax preparation military   Payments to growers replace ordinary income that would have been earned had the tobacco marketing quota and price support programs continued. Free tax preparation military Individuals will generally report the payments as an Agricultural program payment on Schedule F. Free tax preparation military If you are a landowner who does not materially participate in the operation or management of the farm and are receiving the grower payment because your farm rental income is based on the tobacco grown by a tenant, the grower payment should be reported on Form 4835. Free tax preparation military Self-employment income. Free tax preparation military   Payments to growers generally represent self-employment income. Free tax preparation military If the grower is an individual carrying on a trade or business and deriving income (other than farm rental income properly reported on Form 4835) from that trade or business, the payments are net earnings from self-employment. Free tax preparation military Income averaging for farmers. Free tax preparation military   Payments to growers who are individuals qualify for farm income averaging. Free tax preparation military Form 1099-G. Free tax preparation military   If the amount received in a taxable year is $600 or more, the amount will generally be reported by the USDA on a Form 1099-G. Free tax preparation military Other Payments You must include most other government program payments in income. Free tax preparation military Fertilizer and Lime Include in income the value of fertilizer or lime you receive under a government program. Free tax preparation military How to claim the offsetting deduction is explained under Fertilizer and Lime in chapter 4. Free tax preparation military Improvements If government payments are based on improvements, such as a pollution control facility, you must include them in income. Free tax preparation military You must also capitalize the full cost of the improvement. Free tax preparation military Since you have included the payments in income, they do not reduce your basis. Free tax preparation military However, see Cost-Sharing Exclusion (Improvements) , earlier, for additional information. Free tax preparation military National Tobacco Growers' Settlement Trust Fund Payments If you are a producer, landowner, or tobacco quota owner who receives money from the National Tobacco Growers' Settlement Trust Fund, you must report those payments as income. Free tax preparation military You should receive a Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income, that shows the payment amount. Free tax preparation military If you produce a tobacco crop, report the payments as income from farming on your Schedule F. Free tax preparation military If you are a landowner or tobacco quota owner who leases tobacco-related property but you do not produce the crop, report the payments as farm rental income on Form 4835. Free tax preparation military Payment to More Than One Person The USDA reports program payments to the IRS. Free tax preparation military It reports a program payment intended for more than one person as having been paid to the person whose identification number is on record for that payment (payee of record). Free tax preparation military If you, as the payee of record, receive a program payment belonging to someone else, such as your landlord, the amount belonging to the other person is a nominee distribution. Free tax preparation military You should file Form 1099-G to report the identity of the actual recipient to the IRS. Free tax preparation military You should also give this information to the recipient. Free tax preparation military You can avoid the inconvenience of unnecessary inquiries about the identity of the recipient if you file this form. Free tax preparation military Report the total amount reported to you as the payee of record on Schedule F, line 4a or 6a. Free tax preparation military However, do not report as a taxable amount on line 4b or 6b any amount belonging to someone else. Free tax preparation military See chapter 16 for information about ordering Form 1099-G. Free tax preparation military Income From Cooperatives If you buy farm supplies through a cooperative, you may receive income from the cooperative in the form of patronage dividends (refunds). Free tax preparation military If you sell your farm products through a cooperative, you may receive either patronage dividends or a per-unit retain certificate, explained later, from the cooperative. Free tax preparation military Form 1099-PATR. Free tax preparation military   The cooperative will report the income to you on Form 1099-PATR or a similar form and send a copy to the IRS. Free tax preparation military Form 1099-PATR may also show an alternative minimum tax adjustment that you must include on Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax—Individuals, if you are required to file the form. Free tax preparation military For information on the alternative minimum tax, see the Instructions for Form 6251. Free tax preparation military Patronage Dividends You generally report patronage dividends as income on Schedule F, lines 3a and 3b, for the tax year you receive them. Free tax preparation military They include the following items. Free tax preparation military Money paid as a patronage dividend, including cash advances received (for example, from a marketing cooperative). Free tax preparation military The stated dollar value of qualified written notices of allocation. Free tax preparation military The fair market value of other property. Free tax preparation military Do not report as income on line 3b any patronage dividends you receive from expenditures that were not deductible, such as buying personal or family items, capital assets, or depreciable property. Free tax preparation military You must reduce the cost or other basis of these items by the amount of such patronage dividends received. Free tax preparation military Personal items include fuel purchased for personal use, basic local telephone service, and personal long distance calls. Free tax preparation military If you cannot determine what the dividend is for, report it as income on lines 3a and 3b. Free tax preparation military Qualified written notice of allocation. Free tax preparation military   If you receive a qualified written notice of allocation as part of a patronage dividend, you must generally include its stated dollar value in your income on Schedule F, lines 3a and 3b, in the year you receive it. Free tax preparation military A written notice of allocation is qualified if at least 20% of the patronage dividend is paid in money or by qualified check and either of the following conditions is met. Free tax preparation military The notice must be redeemable in cash for at least 90 days after it is issued, and you must have received a written notice of your right of redemption at the same time as the written notice of allocation. Free tax preparation military You must have agreed to include the stated dollar value in income in the year you receive the notice by doing one of the following. Free tax preparation military Signing and giving a written agreement to the cooperative. Free tax preparation military Getting or keeping membership in the cooperative after it adopted a bylaw providing that membership constitutes agreement. Free tax preparation military The cooperative must notify you in writing of this bylaw and give you a copy. Free tax preparation military Endorsing and cashing a qualified check paid as part of the same patronage dividend. Free tax preparation military You must cash the check by the 90th day after the close of the payment period for the cooperative's tax year for which the patronage dividend was paid. Free tax preparation military Qualified check. Free tax preparation military   A qualified check is any instrument that is redeemable in money and meets both of the following requirements. Free tax preparation military It is part of a patronage dividend that also includes a qualified written notice of allocation for which you met condition 2(c), above. Free tax preparation military It is imprinted with a statement that endorsing and cashing it constitutes the payee's consent to include in income the stated dollar value of any written notices of allocation paid as part of the same patronage dividend. Free tax preparation military Loss on redemption. Free tax preparation military   You can deduct on Schedule F, Part II, any loss incurred on the redemption of a qualified written notice of allocation you received in the ordinary course of your farming business. Free tax preparation military The loss is the difference between the stated dollar amount of the qualified written notice you included in income and the amount you received when you redeemed it. Free tax preparation military Nonqualified notice of allocation. Free tax preparation military   Do not include the stated dollar value of any nonqualified notice of allocation in income when you receive it. Free tax preparation military Your basis in the notice is zero. Free tax preparation military You must include in income for the tax year of disposition any amount you receive from its sale, redemption, or other disposition. Free tax preparation military Report that amount, up to the stated dollar value of the notice, on Schedule F, lines 3a and 3b. Free tax preparation military However, do not include that amount in your income if the notice resulted from buying or selling capital assets or depreciable property or from buying personal items, as explained in the following discussions. Free tax preparation military   If the amount you receive is more than the stated dollar value of the notice, report the excess as the type of income it represents. Free tax preparation military For example, if it represents interest income, report it on your return as interest. Free tax preparation military Buying or selling capital assets or depreciable property. Free tax preparation military   Do not include in income patronage dividends from buying capital assets or depreciable property used in your business. Free tax preparation military You must, however, reduce the basis of these assets by the dividends. Free tax preparation military This reduction is taken into account as of the first day of the tax year in which the dividends are received. Free tax preparation military If the dividends are more than your unrecovered basis, reduce the unrecovered basis to zero and include the difference on Schedule F, line 3a, for the tax year you receive them. Free tax preparation military   This rule and the exceptions explained below also apply to amounts you receive from the sale, redemption, or other disposition of a nonqualified notice of allocation that resulted from buying or selling capital assets or depreciable property. Free tax preparation military Example. Free tax preparation military On July 1, 2012, Mr. Free tax preparation military Brown, a patron of a cooperative association, bought a machine for his dairy farm business from the association for $2,900. Free tax preparation military The machine has a life of 7 years under MACRS (as provided in the Table of Class Lives and Recovery Periods in Appendix B of Publication 946, Depreciation and Amortization). Free tax preparation military Mr. Free tax preparation military Brown files his return on a calendar year basis. Free tax preparation military For 2012, he claimed a depreciation deduction of $311, using the 10. Free tax preparation military 71% depreciation rate from the 150% declining balance, half-year convention table (shown in Table A-14 in Appendix A of Publication 946). Free tax preparation military On July 2, 2013, the cooperative association paid Mr. Free tax preparation military Brown a $300 cash patronage dividend for buying the machine. Free tax preparation military Mr. Free tax preparation military Brown adjusts the basis of the machine and figures his depreciation deduction for 2013 (and later years) as follows. Free tax preparation military Cost of machine on July 1, 2012 $2,900 Minus: 2012 depreciation $311     2013 cash dividend 300 611 Adjusted basis for  depreciation for 2013: $2,289 Depreciation rate: 1 ÷ 6½ (remaining recovery period as of 1/1/2012) = 15. Free tax preparation military 38% × 1. Free tax preparation military 5 = 23. Free tax preparation military 07% Depreciation deduction for 2013 ($2,289 × 23. Free tax preparation military 07%) $528 Exceptions. Free tax preparation military   If the dividends are for buying or selling capital assets or depreciable property you did not own at any time during the year you received the dividends, you must include them on Schedule F, lines 3a and 3b, unless one of the following rules applies. Free tax preparation military If the dividends relate to a capital asset you held for more than 1 year for which a loss was or would have been deductible, treat them as gain from the sale or exchange of a capital asset held for more than 1 year. Free tax preparation military If the dividends relate to a capital asset for which a loss was not or would not have been deductible, do not report them as income (ordinary or capital gain). Free tax preparation military   If the dividends are for selling capital assets or depreciable property during the year you received the dividends, treat them as an additional amount received on the sale. Free tax preparation military Personal purchases. Free tax preparation military   Because you cannot deduct the cost of personal, living, or family items, such as supplies, equipment, or services not related to the production of farm income, you can omit from the taxable amount of patronage dividends on Schedule F, line 3b, any dividends from buying those items (and you must reduce the cost or other basis of those items by the amount of the dividends). Free tax preparation military This rule also applies to amounts you receive from the sale, redemption, or other disposition of a nonqualified written notice of allocation resulting from these purchases. Free tax preparation military Per-Unit Retain Certificates A per-unit retain certificate is any written notice that shows the stated dollar amount of a per-unit retain allocation made to you by the cooperative. Free tax preparation military A per-unit retain allocation is an amount paid to patrons for products sold for them that is fixed without regard to the net earnings of the cooperative. Free tax preparation military These allocations can be paid in money, other property, or qualified certificates. Free tax preparation military Per-unit retain certificates issued by a cooperative generally receive the same tax treatment as patronage dividends, discussed earlier. Free tax preparation military Qualified certificates. Free tax preparation military   Qualified per-unit retain certificates are those issued to patrons who have agreed to include the stated dollar amount of these certificates in income in the year of receipt. Free tax preparation military The agreement may be made in writing or by getting or keeping membership in a cooperative whose bylaws or charter states that membership constitutes agreement. Free tax preparation military If you receive qualified per-unit retain certificates, include the stated dollar amount of the certificates in income on Schedule F, lines 3a and 3b, for the tax year you receive them. Free tax preparation military Nonqualified certificates. Free tax preparation military   Do not include the stated dollar value of a nonqualified per-unit retain certificate in income when you receive it. Free tax preparation military Your basis in the certificate is zero. Free tax preparation military You must include in income any amount you receive from its sale, redemption, or other disposition. Free tax preparation military Report the amount you receive from the disposition as ordinary income on Schedule F, lines 3a and 3b, for the tax year of disposition. Free tax preparation military Cancellation of Debt This section explains the general rule for including canceled debt in income and the exceptions to the general rule. Free tax preparation military For more information on canceled debt, see Publication 4681, Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments. Free tax preparation military General Rule Generally, if your debt is canceled or forgiven, other than as a gift or bequest to you, you must include the canceled amount in gross income for tax purposes. Free tax preparation military Discharge of qualified farm indebtedness (defined below) is one of the exceptions to the general rule. Free tax preparation military It is excluded from taxable income (see Exclusions , later). Free tax preparation military Report the canceled amount on Schedule F, line 8, if you incurred the debt in your farming business. Free tax preparation military If the debt is a nonbusiness debt, report the canceled amount as other income on Form 1040, line 21. Free tax preparation military Election to defer income from discharge of indebtedness. Free tax preparation military   You can elect to defer income from a discharge of business indebtedness that occurred after 2008 and before 2011. Free tax preparation military Generally, if the election is made, the deferred income is included in gross income ratably over a 5-year period beginning in 2014 (for calendar year taxpayers) and the exclusions listed below do not apply. Free tax preparation military See IRC section 108(i) and Publication 4681 for details. Free tax preparation military Form 1099-C. Free tax preparation military   If a federal agency, financial institution, credit union, finance company, or credit card company cancels or forgives your debt of $600 or more, you will receive a Form 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt. Free tax preparation military The amount of debt canceled is shown in box 2. Free tax preparation military Exceptions The following discussion covers some exceptions to the general rule for canceled debt. Free tax preparation military These exceptions apply before the exclusions discussed below. Free tax preparation military Price reduced after purchase. Free tax preparation military   If your purchase of property was financed by the seller and the seller reduces the amount of the debt at a time when you are not insolvent and the reduction does not occur in a chapter 11 bankruptcy case, the amount of the debt reduction will be treated as a reduction in the purchase price of the property. Free tax preparation military Reduce your basis in the property by the amount of the reduction in the debt. Free tax preparation military The rules that apply to bankruptcy and insolvency are explained below under Exclusions . Free tax preparation military Deductible debt. Free tax preparation military   You do not realize income from a canceled debt to the extent the payment of the debt would have been a deductible expense. Free tax preparation military This exception applies before the price reduction exception discussed above and the bankruptcy and insolvency exclusions discussed next. Free tax preparation military Example. Free tax preparation military You get accounting services for your farm on credit. Free tax preparation military Later, you have trouble paying your farm debts, but you are not bankrupt or insolvent. Free tax preparation military Your accountant forgives part of the amount you owe for the accounting services. Free tax preparation military How you treat the canceled debt depends on your method of accounting. Free tax preparation military Cash method — You do not include the canceled debt in income because payment of the debt would have been deductible as a business expense. Free tax preparation military Accrual method — You include the canceled debt in income because the expense was deductible when you incurred the debt. Free tax preparation military Exclusions Do not include canceled debt in income in the following situations. Free tax preparation military The cancellation takes place in a bankruptcy case under title 11 of the U. Free tax preparation military S. Free tax preparation military Code. Free tax preparation military The cancellation takes place when you are insolvent. Free tax preparation military The canceled debt is a qualified farm debt. Free tax preparation military The canceled debt is a qualified real property business debt (in the case of a taxpayer other than a C corporation). Free tax preparation military See Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business, chapter 5. Free tax preparation military The canceled debt is qualified principal residence indebtedness which is discharged after 2006 and before 2014. Free tax preparation military The exclusions do not apply in the following situations: If a canceled debt is excluded from income because it takes place in a bankruptcy case, the exclusions in situations (2), (3), (4), and (5) do not apply. Free tax preparation military If a canceled debt is excluded from income because it takes place when you are insolvent, the exclusions in situations (3) and (4) do not apply to the extent you are insolvent. Free tax preparation military If a canceled debt is excluded from income because it is qualified principal residence indebtedness, the exclusion in situation (2) does not apply unless you elect to apply situation (2) instead of the exclusion for qualified principal residence indebtedness. Free tax preparation military See Form 982 , later, for information on how to claim an exclusion for a canceled debt. Free tax preparation military Debt. Free tax preparation military   For this discussion, debt includes any debt for which you are liable or that attaches to property you hold. Free tax preparation military Bankruptcy and Insolvency You can exclude a canceled debt from income if you are bankrupt or to the extent you are insolvent. Free tax preparation military Bankruptcy. Free tax preparation military   A bankruptcy case is a case under title 11 of the U. Free tax preparation military S. Free tax preparation military Code if you are under the jurisdiction of the court and the cancellation of the debt is granted by the court or is the result of a plan approved by the court. Free tax preparation military   Do not include debt canceled in a bankruptcy case in your income in the year it is canceled. Free tax preparation military Instead, you must use the amount canceled to reduce your tax attributes, explained below under Reduction of tax attributes . Free tax preparation military Insolvency. Free tax preparation military   You are insolvent to the extent your liabilities are more than the fair market value of your assets immediately before the cancellation of debt. Free tax preparation military   You can exclude canceled debt from gross income up to the amount by which you are insolvent. Free tax preparation military If the canceled debt is more than this amount and the debt qualifies, you can apply the rules for qualified farm debt or qualified real property business debt to the difference. Free tax preparation military Otherwise, you include the difference in gross income. Free tax preparation military Use the amount excluded because of insolvency to reduce any tax attributes, as explained below under Reduction of tax attributes . Free tax preparation military You must reduce the tax attributes under the insolvency rules before applying the rules for qualified farm debt or for qualified real property business debt. Free tax preparation military Example. Free tax preparation military You had a $15,000 debt that was not qualified principal residence debt canceled outside of bankruptcy. Free tax preparation military Immediately before the cancellation, your liabilities totaled $80,000 and your assets totaled $75,000. Free tax preparation military Since your liabilities were more than your assets, you were insolvent to the extent of $5,000 ($80,000 − $75,000). Free tax preparation military You can exclude this amount from income. Free tax preparation military The remaining canceled debt ($10,000) may be subject to the qualified farm debt or qualified real property business debt rules. Free tax preparation military If not, you must include it in income. Free tax preparation military Reduction of tax attributes. Free tax preparation military   If you exclude canceled debt from income in a bankruptcy case or during insolvency, you must use the excluded debt to reduce certain tax attributes. Free tax preparation military Order of reduction. Free tax preparation military   You must use the excluded canceled debt to reduce the following tax attributes in the order listed unless you elect to reduce the basis of depreciable property first, as explained later. Free tax preparation military Net operating loss (NOL). Free tax preparation military Reduce any NOL for the tax year of the debt cancellation, and then any NOL carryover to that year. Free tax preparation military Reduce the NOL or NOL carryover one dollar for each dollar of excluded canceled debt. Free tax preparation military General business credit carryover. Free tax preparation military Reduce the credit carryover to or from the tax year of the debt cancellation. Free tax preparation military Reduce the carryover 331/3 cents for each dollar of excluded canceled debt. Free tax preparation military Minimum tax credit. Free tax preparation military Reduce the minimum tax credit available at the beginning of the tax year following the tax year of the debt cancellation. Free tax preparation military Reduce the credit 331/3 cents for each dollar of excluded canceled debt. Free tax preparation military Capital loss. Free tax preparation military Reduce any net capital loss for the tax year of the debt cancellation, and then any capital loss carryover to that year. Free tax preparation military Reduce the capital loss or loss carryover one dollar for each dollar of excluded canceled debt. Free tax preparation military Basis. Free tax preparation military Reduce the basis of the property you hold at the beginning of the tax year following the tax year of the debt cancellation in the following order. Free tax preparation military Real property (except inventory) used in your trade or business or held for investment that secured the canceled debt. Free tax preparation military Personal property (except inventory and accounts and notes receivable) used in your trade or business or held for investment that secured the canceled debt. Free tax preparation military Other property (except inventory and accounts and notes receivable) used in your trade or business or held for investment. Free tax preparation military Inventory and accounts and notes receivable. Free tax preparation military Other property. Free tax preparation military Reduce the basis one dollar for each dollar of excluded canceled debt. Free tax preparation military However, the reduction cannot be more than the total basis of property and the amount of money you hold immediately after the debt cancellation minus your total liabilities immediately after the cancellation. Free tax preparation military For allocation rules that apply to basis reductions for multiple canceled debts, see Regulations section 1. Free tax preparation military 1017-1(b)(2). Free tax preparation military Also see Electing to reduce the basis of depreciable property
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The Free Tax Preparation Military

Free tax preparation military Publication 537 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Future Developments Reminder IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. Free tax preparation military Tax questions. Free tax preparation military Useful Items - You may want to see: Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Publication 537, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Free tax preparation military irs. Free tax preparation military gov/pub537. Free tax preparation military Reminder Photographs of missing children. Free tax preparation military  The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Free tax preparation military Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Free tax preparation military You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Free tax preparation military Introduction Note. Free tax preparation military Section references within this publication are to the Internal Revenue Code and regulation references are to the Income Tax Regulations under the Code. Free tax preparation military An installment sale is a sale of property where you receive at least one payment after the tax year of the sale. Free tax preparation military If you realize a gain on an installment sale, you may be able to report part of your gain when you receive each payment. Free tax preparation military This method of reporting gain is called the installment method. Free tax preparation military You cannot use the installment method to report a loss. Free tax preparation military You can choose to report all of your gain in the year of sale. Free tax preparation military This publication discusses the general rules that apply to using the installment method. Free tax preparation military It also discusses more complex rules that apply only when certain conditions exist or certain types of property are sold. Free tax preparation military If you sell your home or other nonbusiness property under an installment plan, you may need to read only the General Rules . Free tax preparation military If you sell business or rental property or have a like-kind exchange or other complex situation, also see the appropriate discussion under Other Rules . Free tax preparation military Comments and suggestions. Free tax preparation military   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Free tax preparation military   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Free tax preparation military NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Free tax preparation military Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Free tax preparation military   You can send your comments from www. Free tax preparation military irs. Free tax preparation military gov/formspubs/. Free tax preparation military Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Free tax preparation military ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Free tax preparation military Ordering forms and publications. Free tax preparation military   Visit www. Free tax preparation military irs. Free tax preparation military gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Free tax preparation military Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Free tax preparation military Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Free tax preparation military   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Free tax preparation military gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Free tax preparation military We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Free tax preparation military Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 523 Selling Your Home 541 Partnerships 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 550 Investment Income and Expenses 551 Basis of Assets 4895 Tax Treatment of Property Acquired From a Decedent Dying in 2010 Form (and Instructions) 4797 Sales of Business Property 6252 Installment Sale Income  See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms. Free tax preparation military Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications