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Free File Amended Tax Return

Free file amended tax return 4. Free file amended tax return   Student Loan Interest Deduction Table of Contents Introduction Student Loan Interest DefinedQualified Student Loan Qualified Education Expenses Include As Interest Do Not Include As Interest When Must Interest Be Paid Can You Claim the DeductionNo Double Benefit Allowed Figuring the DeductionEffect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Deduction Which Worksheet To Use Claiming the Deduction Introduction Generally, personal interest you pay, other than certain mortgage interest, is not deductible on your tax return. Free file amended tax return However, if your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is less than $75,000 ($155,000 if filing a joint return) there is a special deduction allowed for paying interest on a student loan (also known as an education loan) used for higher education. Free file amended tax return For most taxpayers, MAGI is the adjusted gross income as figured on their federal income tax return before subtracting any deduction for student loan interest. Free file amended tax return This deduction can reduce the amount of your income subject to tax by up to $2,500 in 2013. Free file amended tax return The student loan interest deduction is taken as an adjustment to income. Free file amended tax return This means you can claim this deduction even if you do not itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Free file amended tax return This chapter explains: What type of loan interest you can deduct, Whether you can claim the deduction, What expenses you must have paid with the student loan, Who is an eligible student, How to figure the deduction, and How to claim the deduction. Free file amended tax return Table 4-1. Free file amended tax return Student Loan Interest Deduction at a Glance This table summarizes the features of the student loan interest deduction. Free file amended tax return Do not rely on this table alone. Free file amended tax return Refer to the text for complete details. Free file amended tax return Feature   Description Maximum benefit   You can reduce your income subject to tax by up to $2,500. Free file amended tax return Loan qualifications   Your student loan: •must have been taken out solely to pay qualified education expenses, and •cannot be from a related person or made under a qualified employer plan. Free file amended tax return Student qualifications   The student must be: •you, your spouse, or your dependent, and  •enrolled at least half-time in a degree program. Free file amended tax return Time limit on deduction   You can deduct interest paid during the remaining period of your student loan. Free file amended tax return Limit on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI)   $155,000 if married filing a joint return; $75,000 if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er). Free file amended tax return Student Loan Interest Defined Student loan interest is interest you paid during the year on a qualified student loan. Free file amended tax return It includes both required and voluntary interest payments. Free file amended tax return Qualified Student Loan This is a loan you took out solely to pay qualified education expenses (defined later) that were: For you, your spouse, or a person who was your dependent when you took out the loan, Paid or incurred within a reasonable period of time before or after you took out the loan, and For education provided during an academic period for an eligible student. Free file amended tax return Loans from the following sources are not qualified student loans. Free file amended tax return A related person. Free file amended tax return A qualified employer plan. Free file amended tax return Your dependent. Free file amended tax return   Generally, your dependent is someone who is either a: Qualifying child, or Qualifying relative. Free file amended tax return You can find more information about dependents in Publication 501. Free file amended tax return Exceptions. Free file amended tax return   For purposes of the student loan interest deduction, there are the following exceptions to the general rules for dependents. Free file amended tax return An individual can be your dependent even if you are the dependent of another taxpayer. Free file amended tax return An individual can be your dependent even if the individual files a joint return with a spouse. Free file amended tax return An individual can be your dependent even if the individual had gross income for the year that was equal to or more than the exemption amount for the year ($3,900 for 2013). Free file amended tax return Reasonable period of time. Free file amended tax return   Qualified education expenses are treated as paid or incurred within a reasonable period of time before or after you take out the loan if they are paid with the proceeds of student loans that are part of a federal postsecondary education loan program. Free file amended tax return   Even if not paid with the proceeds of that type of loan, the expenses are treated as paid or incurred within a reasonable period of time if both of the following requirements are met. Free file amended tax return The expenses relate to a specific academic period, and The loan proceeds are disbursed within a period that begins 90 days before the start of that academic period and ends 90 days after the end of that academic period. Free file amended tax return   If neither of the above situations applies, the reasonable period of time usually is determined based on all the relevant facts and circumstances. Free file amended tax return Academic period. Free file amended tax return   An academic period includes a semester, trimester, quarter, or other period of study (such as a summer school session) as reasonably determined by an educational institution. Free file amended tax return In the case of an educational institution that uses credit hours or clock hours and does not have academic terms, each payment period can be treated as an academic period. Free file amended tax return Eligible student. Free file amended tax return   This is a student who was enrolled at least half-time in a program leading to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential. Free file amended tax return Enrolled at least half-time. Free file amended tax return   A student was enrolled at least half-time if the student was taking at least half the normal full-time work load for his or her course of study. Free file amended tax return   The standard for what is half of the normal full-time work load is determined by each eligible educational institution. Free file amended tax return However, the standard may not be lower than any of those established by the U. Free file amended tax return S. Free file amended tax return Department of Education under the Higher Education Act of 1965. Free file amended tax return Related person. Free file amended tax return   You cannot deduct interest on a loan you get from a related person. Free file amended tax return Related persons include: Your spouse, Your brothers and sisters, Your half brothers and half sisters, Your ancestors (parents, grandparents, etc. Free file amended tax return ), Your lineal descendants (children, grandchildren, etc. Free file amended tax return ), and Certain corporations, partnerships, trusts, and exempt organizations. Free file amended tax return Qualified employer plan. Free file amended tax return   You cannot deduct interest on a loan made under a qualified employer plan or under a contract purchased under such a plan. Free file amended tax return Qualified Education Expenses For purposes of the student loan interest deduction, these expenses are the total costs of attending an eligible educational institution, including graduate school. Free file amended tax return They include amounts paid for the following items. Free file amended tax return Tuition and fees. Free file amended tax return Room and board. Free file amended tax return Books, supplies, and equipment. Free file amended tax return Other necessary expenses (such as transportation). Free file amended tax return The cost of room and board qualifies only to the extent that it is not more than the greater of: The allowance for room and board, as determined by the eligible educational institution, that was included in the cost of attendance (for federal financial aid purposes) for a particular academic period and living arrangement of the student, or The actual amount charged if the student is residing in housing owned or operated by the eligible educational institution. Free file amended tax return Eligible educational institution. Free file amended tax return   An eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. Free file amended tax return S. Free file amended tax return Department of Education. Free file amended tax return It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. Free file amended tax return   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. Free file amended tax return S. Free file amended tax return Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. Free file amended tax return   For purposes of the student loan interest deduction, an eligible educational institution also includes an institution conducting an internship or residency program leading to a degree or certificate from an institution of higher education, a hospital, or a health care facility that offers postgraduate training. Free file amended tax return   An educational institution must meet the above criteria only during the academic period(s) for which the student loan was incurred. Free file amended tax return The deductibility of interest on the loan is not affected by the institution's subsequent loss of eligibility. Free file amended tax return    The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. Free file amended tax return Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses You must reduce your qualified education expenses by the total amount paid for them with the following tax-free items. Free file amended tax return Employer-provided educational assistance. Free file amended tax return See chapter 11, Employer-Provided Educational Assistance . Free file amended tax return Tax-free distribution of earnings from a Coverdell education savings account (ESA). Free file amended tax return See Tax-Free Distributions in chapter 7, Coverdell Education Savings Account. Free file amended tax return Tax-free distribution of earnings from a qualified tuition program (QTP). Free file amended tax return See Figuring the Taxable Portion of a Distribution in chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program. Free file amended tax return U. Free file amended tax return S. Free file amended tax return savings bond interest that you exclude from income because it is used to pay qualified education expenses. Free file amended tax return See chapter 10, Education Savings Bond Program . Free file amended tax return The tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships. Free file amended tax return See Tax-Free Scholarships and Fellowships in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Free file amended tax return Veterans' educational assistance. Free file amended tax return See Veterans' Benefits in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Free file amended tax return Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. Free file amended tax return Include As Interest In addition to simple interest on the loan, if all other requirements are met, the items discussed below can be student loan interest. Free file amended tax return Loan origination fee. Free file amended tax return   In general, this is a one-time fee charged by the lender when a loan is made. Free file amended tax return To be deductible as interest, a loan origination fee must be for the use of money rather than for property or services (such as commitment fees or processing costs) provided by the lender. Free file amended tax return A loan origination fee treated as interest accrues over the term of the loan. Free file amended tax return   Loan origination fees were not required to be reported on Form 1098-E, Student Loan Interest Statement, for loans made before September 1, 2004. Free file amended tax return If loan origination fees are not included in the amount reported on your Form 1098-E, you can use any reasonable method to allocate the loan origination fees over the term of the loan. Free file amended tax return The method shown in the example below allocates equal portions of the loan origination fee to each payment required under the terms of the loan. Free file amended tax return A method that results in the double deduction of the same portion of a loan origination fee would not be reasonable. Free file amended tax return Example. Free file amended tax return In August 2004, Bill took out a student loan for $16,000 to pay the tuition for his senior year of college. Free file amended tax return The lender charged a 3% loan origination fee ($480) that was withheld from the funds Bill received. Free file amended tax return Bill began making payments on his student loan in 2013. Free file amended tax return Because the loan origination fee was not included in his 2013 Form 1098-E, Bill can use any reasonable method to allocate that fee over the term of the loan. Free file amended tax return Bill's loan is payable in 120 equal monthly payments. Free file amended tax return He allocates the $480 fee equally over the total number of payments ($480 ÷ 120 months = $4 per month). Free file amended tax return Bill made 7 payments in 2013, so he paid $28 ($4 × 7) of interest attributable to the loan origination fee. Free file amended tax return To determine his student loan interest deduction, he will add the $28 to the amount of other interest reported to him on Form 1098-E. Free file amended tax return Capitalized interest. Free file amended tax return   This is unpaid interest on a student loan that is added by the lender to the outstanding principal balance of the loan. Free file amended tax return Capitalized interest is treated as interest for tax purposes and is deductible as payments of principal are made on the loan. Free file amended tax return No deduction for capitalized interest is allowed in a year in which no loan payments were made. Free file amended tax return Interest on revolving lines of credit. Free file amended tax return   This interest, which includes interest on credit card debt, is student loan interest if the borrower uses the line of credit (credit card) only to pay qualified education expenses. Free file amended tax return See Qualified Education Expenses , earlier. Free file amended tax return Interest on refinanced student loans. Free file amended tax return   This includes interest on both: Consolidated loans—loans used to refinance more than one student loan of the same borrower, and Collapsed loans—two or more loans of the same borrower that are treated by both the lender and the borrower as one loan. Free file amended tax return    If you refinance a qualified student loan for more than your original loan and you use the additional amount for any purpose other than qualified education expenses, you cannot deduct any interest paid on the refinanced loan. Free file amended tax return Voluntary interest payments. Free file amended tax return   These are payments made on a qualified student loan during a period when interest payments are not required, such as when the borrower has been granted a deferment or the loan has not yet entered repayment status. Free file amended tax return Example. Free file amended tax return The payments on Roger's student loan were scheduled to begin in June 2012, 6 months after he graduated from college. Free file amended tax return He began making payments as required. Free file amended tax return In September 2013, Roger enrolled in graduate school on a full-time basis. Free file amended tax return He applied for and was granted deferment of his loan payments while in graduate school. Free file amended tax return Wanting to pay down his student loan as much as possible, he made loan payments in October and November 2013. Free file amended tax return Even though these were voluntary (not required) payments, Roger can deduct the interest paid in October and November. Free file amended tax return Allocating Payments Between Interest and Principal The allocation of payments between interest and principal for tax purposes might not be the same as the allocation shown on the Form 1098-E or other statement you receive from the lender or loan servicer. Free file amended tax return To make the allocation for tax purposes, a payment generally applies first to stated interest that remains unpaid as of the date the payment is due, second to any loan origination fees allocable to the payment, third to any capitalized interest that remains unpaid as of the date the payment is due, and fourth to the outstanding principal. Free file amended tax return Example. Free file amended tax return In August 2012, Peg took out a $10,000 student loan to pay the tuition for her senior year of college. Free file amended tax return The lender charged a 3% loan origination fee ($300) that was withheld from the funds Peg received. Free file amended tax return The interest (5% simple) on this loan accrued while she completed her senior year and for 6 months after she graduated. Free file amended tax return At the end of that period, the lender determined the amount to be repaid by capitalizing all accrued but unpaid interest ($625 interest accrued from August 2012 through October 2013) and adding it to the outstanding principal balance of the loan. Free file amended tax return The loan is payable over 60 months, with a payment of $200. Free file amended tax return 51 due on the first of each month, beginning November 2013. Free file amended tax return Peg did not receive a Form 1098-E for 2013 from her lender because the amount of interest she paid did not require the lender to issue an information return. Free file amended tax return However, she did receive an account statement from the lender that showed the following 2013 payments on her outstanding loan of $10,625 ($10,000 principal + $625 accrued but unpaid interest). Free file amended tax return Payment Date   Payment   Stated Interest   Principal November 2013   $200. Free file amended tax return 51   $44. Free file amended tax return 27   $156. Free file amended tax return 24 December 2013   $200. Free file amended tax return 51   $43. Free file amended tax return 62   $156. Free file amended tax return 89 Totals   $401. Free file amended tax return 02   $87. Free file amended tax return 89   $313. Free file amended tax return 13 To determine the amount of interest that could be deducted on the loan for 2013, Peg starts with the total amount of stated interest she paid, $87. Free file amended tax return 89. Free file amended tax return Next, she allocates the loan origination fee over the term of the loan ($300 ÷ 60 months = $5 per month). Free file amended tax return A total of $10 ($5 of each of the two principal payments) should be treated as interest for tax purposes. Free file amended tax return Peg then applies the unpaid capitalized interest ($625) to the two principal payments in the order in which they were made, and determines that the remaining amount of principal of both payments is treated as interest for tax purposes. Free file amended tax return Assuming that Peg qualifies to take the student loan interest deduction, she can deduct $401. Free file amended tax return 02 ($87. Free file amended tax return 89 + $10 + $303. Free file amended tax return 13). Free file amended tax return For 2014, Peg will continue to allocate $5 of the loan origination fee to the principal portion of each monthly payment she makes and treat that amount as interest for tax purposes. Free file amended tax return She also will apply the remaining amount of capitalized interest ($625 − $303. Free file amended tax return 13 = $321. Free file amended tax return 87) to the principal payments in the order in which they are made until the balance is zero, and treat those amounts as interest for tax purposes. Free file amended tax return Do Not Include As Interest You cannot claim a student loan interest deduction for any of the following items. Free file amended tax return Interest you paid on a loan if, under the terms of the loan, you are not legally obligated to make interest payments. Free file amended tax return Loan origination fees that are payments for property or services provided by the lender, such as commitment fees or processing costs. Free file amended tax return Interest you paid on a loan to the extent payments were made through your participation in the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program (the “NHSC Loan Repayment Program”) or certain other loan repayment assistance programs. Free file amended tax return For more information, see Student Loan Repayment Assistance in chapter 5, Student Loan Cancellations and Repayment Assistance. Free file amended tax return When Must Interest Be Paid You can deduct all interest you paid during the year on your student loan, including voluntary payments, until the loan is paid off. Free file amended tax return Can You Claim the Deduction Generally, you can claim the deduction if all of the following requirements are met. Free file amended tax return Your filing status is any filing status except married filing separately. Free file amended tax return No one else is claiming an exemption for you on his or her tax return. Free file amended tax return You are legally obligated to pay interest on a qualified student loan. Free file amended tax return You paid interest on a qualified student loan. Free file amended tax return Claiming an exemption for you. Free file amended tax return   Another taxpayer is claiming an exemption for you if he or she lists your name and other required information on his or her Form 1040 (or Form 1040A), line 6c, or Form 1040NR, line 7c. Free file amended tax return Example 1. Free file amended tax return During 2013, Josh paid $600 interest on his qualified student loan. Free file amended tax return Only he is legally obligated to make the payments. Free file amended tax return No one claimed an exemption for Josh for 2013. Free file amended tax return Assuming all other requirements are met, Josh can deduct the $600 of interest he paid on his 2013 Form 1040 or 1040A. Free file amended tax return Example 2. Free file amended tax return During 2013, Jo paid $1,100 interest on her qualified student loan. Free file amended tax return Only she is legally obligated to make the payments. Free file amended tax return Jo's parents claimed an exemption for her on their 2013 tax return. Free file amended tax return In this case, neither Jo nor her parents may deduct the student loan interest Jo paid in 2013. Free file amended tax return Interest paid by others. Free file amended tax return   If you are the person legally obligated to make interest payments and someone else makes a payment of interest on your behalf, you are treated as receiving the payments from the other person and, in turn, paying the interest. Free file amended tax return Example 1. Free file amended tax return Darla obtained a qualified student loan to attend college. Free file amended tax return After Darla's graduation from college, she worked as an intern for a nonprofit organization. Free file amended tax return As part of the internship program, the nonprofit organization made an interest payment on behalf of Darla. Free file amended tax return This payment was treated as additional compensation and reported in box 1 of her Form W-2. Free file amended tax return Assuming all other qualifications are met, Darla can deduct this payment of interest on her tax return. Free file amended tax return Example 2. Free file amended tax return Ethan obtained a qualified student loan to attend college. Free file amended tax return After graduating from college, the first monthly payment on his loan was due in December. Free file amended tax return As a gift, Ethan's mother made this payment for him. Free file amended tax return No one is claiming a dependency exemption for Ethan on his or her tax return. Free file amended tax return Assuming all other qualifications are met, Ethan can deduct this payment of interest on his tax return. Free file amended tax return No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot deduct as interest on a student loan any amount that is an allowable deduction under any other provision of the tax law (for example, as home mortgage interest). Free file amended tax return Figuring the Deduction Your student loan interest deduction for 2013 is generally the smaller of: $2,500, or The interest you paid in 2013. Free file amended tax return However, the amount determined above may be gradually reduced (phased out) or eliminated based on your filing status and MAGI as explained below. Free file amended tax return You can use Worksheet 4-1. Free file amended tax return Student Loan Interest Deduction Worksheet (at the end of this chapter) to figure both your MAGI and your deduction. Free file amended tax return Form 1098-E. Free file amended tax return   To help you figure your student loan interest deduction, you should receive Form 1098-E. Free file amended tax return Generally, an institution (such as a bank or governmental agency) that received interest payments of $600 or more during 2013 on one or more qualified student loans must send Form 1098-E (or acceptable substitute) to each borrower by January 31, 2014. Free file amended tax return   For qualified student loans taken out before September 1, 2004, the institution is required to include on Form 1098-E only payments of stated interest. Free file amended tax return Other interest payments, such as certain loan origination fees and capitalized interest, may not appear on the form you receive. Free file amended tax return However, if you pay qualifying interest that is not included on Form 1098-E, you can also deduct those amounts. Free file amended tax return See Allocating Payments Between Interest and Principal , earlier. Free file amended tax return    The lender may ask for a completed Form W-9S, or similar statement to obtain the borrower's name, address, and taxpayer identification number. Free file amended tax return The form may also be used by the borrower to certify that the student loan was incurred solely to pay for qualified education expenses. Free file amended tax return Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Deduction The amount of your student loan interest deduction is phased out (gradually reduced) if your MAGI is between $60,000 and $75,000 ($125,000 and $155,000 if you file a joint return). Free file amended tax return You cannot take a student loan interest deduction if your MAGI is $75,000 or more ($155,000 or more if you file a joint return). Free file amended tax return Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). Free file amended tax return   For most taxpayers, MAGI is adjusted gross income (AGI) as figured on their federal income tax return before subtracting any deduction for student loan interest. Free file amended tax return However, as discussed below, there may be other modifications. Free file amended tax return Table 4-2 shows how the amount of your MAGI can affect your student loan interest deduction. Free file amended tax return Table 4-2. Free file amended tax return Effect of MAGI on Student Loan Interest Deduction IF your filing status is. Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return AND your MAGI is. Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return THEN your student loan interest deduction is. Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return single,  head of household, or qualifying widow(er) not more than $60,000 not affected by the phaseout. Free file amended tax return more than $60,000  but less than $75,000 reduced because of the phaseout. Free file amended tax return $75,000 or more eliminated by the phaseout. Free file amended tax return married filing joint return not more than $125,000 not affected by the phaseout. Free file amended tax return more than $125,000 but less than $155,000 reduced because of the phaseout. Free file amended tax return $155,000 or more eliminated by the phaseout. Free file amended tax return MAGI when using Form 1040A. Free file amended tax return   If you file Form 1040A, your MAGI is the AGI on line 22 of that form figured without taking into account any amount on line 18 (student loan interest deduction) and line 19 (tuition and fees deduction). Free file amended tax return MAGI when using Form 1040. Free file amended tax return   If you file Form 1040, your MAGI is the AGI on line 38 of that form figured without taking into account any amount on line 33 (student loan interest deduction), line 34 (tuition and fees deduction), or line 35 (domestic production activities deduction), and modified by adding back any: Foreign earned income exclusion, Foreign housing exclusion, Foreign housing deduction, Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of American Samoa, and Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of Puerto Rico. Free file amended tax return MAGI when using Form 1040NR. Free file amended tax return   If you file Form 1040NR, your MAGI is the AGI on line 36 of that form figured without taking into account any amount on line 33 (student loan interest deduction) and line 34 (domestic production activities deduction). Free file amended tax return MAGI when using Form 1040NR-EZ. Free file amended tax return   If you file Form 1040NR-EZ, your MAGI is the AGI on line 10 of that form figured without taking into account any amount on line 9 (student loan interest deduction). Free file amended tax return Phaseout. Free file amended tax return   If your MAGI is within the range of incomes where the credit must be reduced, you must figure your reduced deduction. Free file amended tax return To figure the phaseout, multiply your interest deduction (before the phaseout) by a fraction. Free file amended tax return The numerator is your MAGI minus $60,000 ($125,000 in the case of a joint return). Free file amended tax return The denominator is $15,000 ($30,000 in the case of a joint return). Free file amended tax return Subtract the result from your deduction (before the phaseout) to give you the amount you can deduct. Free file amended tax return Example 1. Free file amended tax return During 2013 you paid $800 interest on a qualified student loan. Free file amended tax return Your 2013 MAGI is $145,000 and you are filing a joint return. Free file amended tax return You must reduce your deduction by $533, figured as follows. Free file amended tax return   $800 × $145,000 − $125,000  $30,000 = $533   Your reduced student loan interest deduction is $267 ($800 − $533). Free file amended tax return Example 2. Free file amended tax return The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that you paid $2,750 interest. Free file amended tax return Your maximum deduction for 2013 is $2,500. Free file amended tax return You must reduce your maximum deduction by $1,667, figured as follows. Free file amended tax return   $2,500 × $145,000 − $125,000  $30,000 = $1,667   In this example, your reduced student loan interest deduction is $833 ($2,500 − $1,667). Free file amended tax return Which Worksheet To Use Generally, you figure the deduction using the Student Loan Interest Deduction Worksheet in the instructions for Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR. Free file amended tax return However, if you are filing Form 2555, Foreign Earned Income, Form 2555-EZ, Foreign Earned Income Exclusion, or Form 4563, Exclusion of Income for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa, or you are excluding income from sources within Puerto Rico, you must complete Worksheet 4-1. Free file amended tax return Student Loan Interest Deduction Worksheet at the end of this chapter. Free file amended tax return Claiming the Deduction The student loan interest deduction is an adjustment to income. Free file amended tax return To claim the deduction, enter the allowable amount on line 33 (Form 1040), line 18 (Form 1040A), line 33 (Form 1040NR), or line 9 (Form 1040NR-EZ). Free file amended tax return Worksheet 4-1. Free file amended tax return Student Loan Interest Deduction Worksheet Use this worksheet instead of the worksheet in the Form 1040 instructions if you are filing Form 2555, 2555-EZ, or 4563, or you are excluding income from sources within Puerto Rico. Free file amended tax return Before using this worksheet, you must complete Form 1040, lines 7 through 32, plus any amount to be entered on the dotted line next to line 36. Free file amended tax return 1. Free file amended tax return Enter the total interest you paid in 2013 on qualified student loans. Free file amended tax return Do not enter  more than $2,500 1. Free file amended tax return   2. Free file amended tax return Enter the amount from Form 1040, line 22 2. Free file amended tax return       3. Free file amended tax return Enter the total of the amounts from Form 1040,  lines 23 through 32 3. Free file amended tax return           4. Free file amended tax return Enter the total of any amounts entered on the dotted line next to Form 1040, line 36 4. Free file amended tax return           5. Free file amended tax return Add lines 3 and 4 5. Free file amended tax return       6. Free file amended tax return Subtract line 5 from line 2 6. Free file amended tax return       7. Free file amended tax return Enter any foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing  exclusion (Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18) 7. Free file amended tax return       8. Free file amended tax return Enter any foreign housing deduction (Form 2555, line 50) 8. Free file amended tax return       9. Free file amended tax return Enter the amount of income from Puerto Rico you are excluding 9. Free file amended tax return       10. Free file amended tax return Enter the amount of income from American Samoa  you are excluding (Form 4563, line 15) 10. Free file amended tax return       11. Free file amended tax return Add lines 6 through 10. Free file amended tax return This is your modified adjusted gross income 11. Free file amended tax return   12. Free file amended tax return Enter the amount shown below for your filing status 12. Free file amended tax return     •Single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er)—$60,000       •Married filing jointly—$125,000     13. Free file amended tax return Is the amount on line 11 more than the amount on line 12?       □ No. Free file amended tax return Skip lines 13 and 14, enter -0- on line 15, and go to line 16. Free file amended tax return       □ Yes. Free file amended tax return Subtract line 12 from line 11 13. Free file amended tax return   14. Free file amended tax return Divide line 13 by $15,000 ($30,000 if married filing jointly). Free file amended tax return Enter the result as a decimal  (rounded to at least three places). Free file amended tax return If the result is 1. Free file amended tax return 000 or more, enter 1. Free file amended tax return 000 14. Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return 15. Free file amended tax return Multiply line 1 by line 14 15. Free file amended tax return   16. Free file amended tax return Student loan interest deduction. Free file amended tax return Subtract line 15 from line 1. Free file amended tax return Enter the result here  and on Form 1040, line 33. Free file amended tax return Do not include this amount in figuring any other  deduction on your return (such as on Schedule A, C, E, etc. Free file amended tax return ) 16. Free file amended tax return   Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 03-Mar-2014

The Free File Amended Tax Return

Free file amended tax return 1. Free file amended tax return   2013 Filing Requirements Table of Contents General RequirementsSelf-employed persons. Free file amended tax return Decedents If income tax was withheld from your pay, or if you qualify for the earned income credit, the additional child tax credit, the health coverage tax credit, or the American opportunity credit, you should file a return to get a refund even if you are not otherwise required to file a return. Free file amended tax return Do not file a federal income tax return if you do not meet the filing requirements and are not due a refund. Free file amended tax return If you need assistance to determine if you need to file a federal income tax return for 2013, go to IRS. Free file amended tax return gov and use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA). Free file amended tax return You can find the ITA by going to IRS. Free file amended tax return gov and entering “interactive tax assistant” in the search box. Free file amended tax return Open the ITA and click on Do I Need to File a Tax Return under Topics by Category. Free file amended tax return General Requirements If you are a U. Free file amended tax return S. Free file amended tax return citizen or resident alien, you must file a return if your gross income for the year was at least the amount shown on the appropriate line in Table 1-1. Free file amended tax return For other filing requirements, see your tax return instructions or Publication 501, Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information. Free file amended tax return If you were a nonresident alien at any time during the year, the filing requirements that apply to you may be different from those that apply to U. Free file amended tax return S. Free file amended tax return citizens. Free file amended tax return See Publication 519, U. Free file amended tax return S. Free file amended tax return Tax Guide for Aliens. Free file amended tax return Table 1-1. Free file amended tax return 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers Note. Free file amended tax return You must file a return if your gross income was at least the amount shown in the last column. Free file amended tax return IF your filing status is. Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return AND at the end of 2013 you were*. Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return THEN file a return if your gross income** was at least. Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return . Free file amended tax return Single under 65 $10,000 65 or older $11,500 Head of household under 65 $12,850 65 or older $14,350 Married filing jointly*** under 65 (both spouses) $20,000 65 or older (one spouse) $21,200 65 or older (both spouses) $22,400 Married filing separately any age $3,900 Qualifying widow(er)  with dependent child under 65 $16,100 65 or older $17,300 * If you were born before January 2, 1949, you are considered to be 65 or older at the end of 2013. Free file amended tax return ** Gross income means all income you receive in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax, including any income from sources outside the United States or from the sale of your main home (even if you can exclude part or all of it). Free file amended tax return It also includes gains, but not losses, reported on Form 8949 or Schedule D. Free file amended tax return Gross income from a business means, for example, the amount on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. Free file amended tax return But in figuring gross income, do not reduce your income by any losses, including any loss on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. Free file amended tax return Do not include any social security benefits unless (a) you are married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time in 2013 or (b) one-half of your social security benefits plus your other gross income and any tax-exempt interest is more than $25,000 ($32,000 if married filing jointly). Free file amended tax return If (a) or (b) applies, see the Instructions for Form 1040 or Publication 915, Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, to figure the taxable part of social security benefits you must include in gross income. Free file amended tax return *** If you did not live with your spouse at the end of 2013 (or on the date your spouse died) and your gross income was at least $3,900, you must file a return regardless of your age. Free file amended tax return Gross income. Free file amended tax return   Gross income is all income you receive in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax. Free file amended tax return If you are married and live with your spouse in a community property state, half of any income defined by state law as community income may be considered yours. Free file amended tax return The community property states are Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. Free file amended tax return A registered domestic partner in Nevada, Washington, or California generally must report half the combined community income of the individual and his or her domestic partner. Free file amended tax return For more information about community property, see Publication 555, Community Property. Free file amended tax return   For more information on what to include in gross income, see chapter 2. Free file amended tax return Self-employed persons. Free file amended tax return    If you are self-employed in a business that provides services (where the production, purchase, or sale of merchandise is not an income-producing factor), gross income from that business is the gross receipts. Free file amended tax return   If you are self-employed in a business involving manufacturing, merchandising, or mining, gross income from that business is the total sales minus the cost of goods sold. Free file amended tax return Then, to this figure, you add any income from investments and from incidental or outside operations or sources. Free file amended tax return See Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business, for more information. Free file amended tax return Dependents. Free file amended tax return   If you could be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer (that is, you meet the dependency tests in Publication 501), special filing requirements apply. Free file amended tax return See Publication 501. Free file amended tax return Decedents A personal representative of a decedent's estate can be an executor, administrator, or anyone who is in charge of the decedent's property. Free file amended tax return If you are acting as the personal representative of a person who died during the year, you may have to file a final return for that decedent. Free file amended tax return You also have other duties, such as notifying the IRS that you are acting as the personal representative. Free file amended tax return Form 56, Notice Concerning Fiduciary Relationship, is available for this purpose. Free file amended tax return When you file a return for the decedent, either as the personal representative or as the surviving spouse, you should write “DECEASED,” the decedent's name, and the date of death across the top of the tax return. Free file amended tax return If no personal representative has been appointed by the due date for filing the return, the surviving spouse (on a joint return) should sign the return and write in the signature area “Filing as surviving spouse. Free file amended tax return ” For more information, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. Free file amended tax return Surviving spouse. Free file amended tax return   If you are the surviving spouse, the year your spouse died is the last year for which you can file a joint return with that spouse. Free file amended tax return After that, if you do not remarry, you must file as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, head of household, or single. Free file amended tax return For more information about each of these filing statuses, see Publication 501. Free file amended tax return   If you remarry before the end of the year in which your spouse died, a final joint return with the deceased spouse cannot be filed. Free file amended tax return You can, however, file a joint return with your new spouse. Free file amended tax return In that case, the filing status of your deceased spouse for his or her final return is married filing separately. Free file amended tax return The level of income that requires you to file an income tax return changes when your filing status changes (see Table 1-1). Free file amended tax return Even if you and your deceased spouse were not required to file a return for several years, you may have to file a return for tax years after the year of death. Free file amended tax return For example, if your filing status changes from filing jointly in 2012 to single in 2013 because of the death of your spouse, and your gross income is $17,500 for both years, you must file a return for 2013 even though you did not have to file a return for 2012. Free file amended tax return Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications