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Free 2011 Taxes

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Free 2011 Taxes

Free 2011 taxes Index A Aircraft, Cars, Boats, and Aircraft Annuities, Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions Annuity contracts, Certain Life Insurance and Annuity Contracts Antiques, Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art Appraisals, Appraisals Cost of, Cost of appraisals. Free 2011 taxes IRS review of, Internal Revenue Service Review of Appraisals Qualified appraisal, Qualified Appraisal Appraiser, Qualified appraiser. Free 2011 taxes Art objects, Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art Valued at $20,000 or more, Art valued at $20,000 or more. Free 2011 taxes Valued at $50,000 or more, Art valued at $50,000 or more. Free 2011 taxes Assistance (see Tax help) B Boats, Cars, Boats, and Aircraft Bonds, Stocks and Bonds Books, Books. Free 2011 taxes Business, interest in, Interest in a Business C Cars, Cars, Boats, and Aircraft Clothing, used, Used Clothing, Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items. Free 2011 taxes Coins, Coin collections. Free 2011 taxes Collections, Collections Books, Books. Free 2011 taxes Coins, Coin collections. Free 2011 taxes Stamps, Stamp collections. Free 2011 taxes Comments on publication, Comments and suggestions. Free 2011 taxes Comparable properties, sales of, Sales of Comparable Properties, Selection of Comparable Sales Conservation contribution, Conservation purposes. Free 2011 taxes Cost, Cost or Selling Price of the Donated Property Rate of increase or decrease, Rate of increase or decrease in value. Free 2011 taxes Terms of purchase or sale, Terms of the purchase or sale. Free 2011 taxes D Date of contribution, Date of contribution. Free 2011 taxes Deductions of more than $5,000, Deductions of More Than $5,000 Deductions of more than $500,000, Deductions of More Than $500,000 F Fair market value, What Is Fair Market Value (FMV)? Comparable properties, sales of, Sales of Comparable Properties Cost, Cost or Selling Price of the Donated Property Date of contribution, Date of contribution. Free 2011 taxes Determining FMV, Determining Fair Market Value Opinions of experts, Opinions of Experts Problems in determining FMV, Problems in Determining Fair Market Value Replacement cost, Replacement Cost Form 8283, Form 8283 Formulas, use in valuing property, Determining Fair Market Value Free tax services, How To Get Tax Help Future events, effect on value, Future Events H Help (see Tax help) Historic building, Building in registered historic district. Free 2011 taxes Household goods, Household Goods, Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items. Free 2011 taxes I Interest in a business, Interest in a Business Inventory, Inventory IRS review of appraisals, Internal Revenue Service Review of Appraisals Exception, Exception. Free 2011 taxes J Jewelry and gems, Jewelry and Gems L Life insurance, Certain Life Insurance and Annuity Contracts M Market conditions, effect on value, Unusual Market Conditions More information (see Tax help) O Opinions of experts, Opinions of Experts P Paintings, Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art Partial interest, Partial Interest in Property Not in Trust Past events, effect on value, Using Past Events to Predict the Future Patents, Patents Penalties: Imposed on appraiser, Appraiser penalties. Free 2011 taxes Imposed on taxpayer, Penalty Publications (see Tax help) Publicly traded securities, Publicly traded securities. Free 2011 taxes Q Qualified appraisal, Qualified Appraisal Qualified appraiser, Qualified appraiser. Free 2011 taxes Qualified conservation contribution, Qualified Conservation Contribution R Real estate, Real Estate Remainder interests, Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions Replacement cost, Replacement Cost Reversion interests, Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions S Stamps, Stamp collections. Free 2011 taxes Statement of Value, Exception. Free 2011 taxes Stocks, Stocks and Bonds Suggestions for publication, Comments and suggestions. Free 2011 taxes T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Taxpayer Advocate, Contacting your Taxpayer Advocate. Free 2011 taxes TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help U Used clothing, Used Clothing, Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items. Free 2011 taxes V Valuation of property, Valuation of Various Kinds of Property Annuities, Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions Cars, boats, and aircraft, Cars, Boats, and Aircraft Collections, Collections Household goods, Household Goods Interest in a business, Interest in a Business Inventory, Inventory Jewelry and gems, Jewelry and Gems Life insurance and annuity contracts, Certain Life Insurance and Annuity Contracts Paintings, antiques, art objects, Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art Partial interest in property, Partial Interest in Property Not in Trust Real estate, Real Estate Remainder interests, Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions Reversion interests, Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions Stocks and bonds, Stocks and Bonds Terms of years, Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions Used clothing, Used Clothing Valuation of property: Patents, Patents Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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The Free 2011 Taxes

Free 2011 taxes 15. Free 2011 taxes   Selling Your Home Table of Contents Reminder Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Main Home Figuring Gain or LossSelling Price Amount Realized Adjusted Basis Amount of Gain or Loss Dispositions Other Than Sales Determining Basis Excluding the GainMaximum Exclusion Ownership and Use Tests Reduced Maximum Exclusion Business Use or Rental of Home Reporting the SaleSeller-financed mortgage. Free 2011 taxes More information. Free 2011 taxes Special SituationsException for sales to related persons. Free 2011 taxes Recapturing (Paying Back) a Federal Mortgage Subsidy Reminder Home sold with undeducted points. Free 2011 taxes  If you have not deducted all the points you paid to secure a mortgage on your old home, you may be able to deduct the remaining points in the year of the sale. Free 2011 taxes See Mortgage ending early under Points in chapter 23. Free 2011 taxes Introduction This chapter explains the tax rules that apply when you sell your main home. Free 2011 taxes In most cases, your main home is the one in which you live most of the time. Free 2011 taxes If you sold your main home in 2013, you may be able to exclude from income any gain up to a limit of $250,000 ($500,000 on a joint return in most cases). Free 2011 taxes See Excluding the Gain , later. Free 2011 taxes Generally, if you can exclude all the gain, you do not need to report the sale on your tax return. Free 2011 taxes If you have gain that cannot be excluded, it is taxable. Free 2011 taxes Report it on Form 8949, Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets, and Schedule D (Form 1040). Free 2011 taxes You may also have to complete Form 4797, Sales of Business Property. Free 2011 taxes See Reporting the Sale , later. Free 2011 taxes If you have a loss on the sale, you generally cannot deduct it on your return. Free 2011 taxes However, you may need to report it. Free 2011 taxes See Reporting the Sale , later. Free 2011 taxes The following are main topics in this chapter. Free 2011 taxes Figuring gain or loss. Free 2011 taxes Basis. Free 2011 taxes Excluding the gain. Free 2011 taxes Ownership and use tests. Free 2011 taxes Reporting the sale. Free 2011 taxes Other topics include the following. Free 2011 taxes Business use or rental of home. Free 2011 taxes Recapturing a federal mortgage subsidy. Free 2011 taxes Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 523 Selling Your Home 530 Tax Information for Homeowners 547 Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts Form (and Instructions) Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 982 Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of Indebtedness 8828 Recapture of Federal Mortgage Subsidy 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets Main Home This section explains the term “main home. Free 2011 taxes ” Usually, the home you live in most of the time is your main home and can be a: House, Houseboat, Mobile home, Cooperative apartment, or Condominium. Free 2011 taxes To exclude gain under the rules of this chapter, you in most cases must have owned and lived in the property as your main home for at least 2 years during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale. Free 2011 taxes Land. Free 2011 taxes   If you sell the land on which your main home is located, but not the house itself, you cannot exclude any gain you have from the sale of the land. Free 2011 taxes However, if you sell vacant land used as part of your main home and that is adjacent to it, you may be able to exclude the gain from the sale under certain circumstances. Free 2011 taxes See Vacant land under Main Home in Publication 523 for more information. Free 2011 taxes Example. Free 2011 taxes You buy a piece of land and move your main home to it. Free 2011 taxes Then you sell the land on which your main home was located. Free 2011 taxes This sale is not considered a sale of your main home, and you cannot exclude any gain on the sale of the land. Free 2011 taxes More than one home. Free 2011 taxes   If you have more than one home, you can exclude gain only from the sale of your main home. Free 2011 taxes You must include in income gain from the sale of any other home. Free 2011 taxes If you have two homes and live in both of them, your main home is ordinarily the one you live in most of the time during the year. Free 2011 taxes Example 1. Free 2011 taxes You own two homes, one in New York and one in Florida. Free 2011 taxes From 2009 through 2013, you live in the New York home for 7 months and in the Florida residence for 5 months of each year. Free 2011 taxes In the absence of facts and circumstances indicating otherwise, the New York home is your main home. Free 2011 taxes You would be eligible to exclude the gain from the sale of the New York home but not of the Florida home in 2013. Free 2011 taxes Example 2. Free 2011 taxes You own a house, but you live in another house that you rent. Free 2011 taxes The rented house is your main home. Free 2011 taxes Example 3. Free 2011 taxes You own two homes, one in Virginia and one in New Hampshire. Free 2011 taxes In 2009 and 2010, you lived in the Virginia home. Free 2011 taxes In 2011 and 2012, you lived in the New Hampshire home. Free 2011 taxes In 2013, you lived again in the Virginia home. Free 2011 taxes Your main home in 2009, 2010, and 2013 is the Virginia home. Free 2011 taxes Your main home in 2011 and 2012 is the New Hampshire home. Free 2011 taxes You would be eligible to exclude gain from the sale of either home (but not both) in 2013. Free 2011 taxes Property used partly as your main home. Free 2011 taxes   If you use only part of the property as your main home, the rules discussed in this publication apply only to the gain or loss on the sale of that part of the property. Free 2011 taxes For details, see Business Use or Rental of Home , later. Free 2011 taxes Figuring Gain or Loss To figure the gain or loss on the sale of your main home, you must know the selling price, the amount realized, and the adjusted basis. Free 2011 taxes Subtract the adjusted basis from the amount realized to get your gain or loss. Free 2011 taxes     Selling price     − Selling expenses       Amount realized       Amount realized     − Adjusted basis       Gain or loss   Selling Price The selling price is the total amount you receive for your home. Free 2011 taxes It includes money and the fair market value of any other property or any other services you receive and all notes, mortgages or other debts assumed by the buyer as part of the sale. Free 2011 taxes Payment by employer. Free 2011 taxes   You may have to sell your home because of a job transfer. Free 2011 taxes If your employer pays you for a loss on the sale or for your selling expenses, do not include the payment as part of the selling price. Free 2011 taxes Your employer will include it as wages in box 1 of your Form W-2, and you will include it in your income on Form 1040, line 7. Free 2011 taxes Option to buy. Free 2011 taxes   If you grant an option to buy your home and the option is exercised, add the amount you receive for the option to the selling price of your home. Free 2011 taxes If the option is not exercised, you must report the amount as ordinary income in the year the option expires. Free 2011 taxes Report this amount on Form 1040, line 21. Free 2011 taxes Form 1099-S. Free 2011 taxes   If you received Form 1099-S, Proceeds From Real Estate Transactions, box 2 (Gross proceeds) should show the total amount you received for your home. Free 2011 taxes   However, box 2 will not include the fair market value of any services or property other than cash or notes you received or will receive. Free 2011 taxes Instead, box 4 will be checked to indicate your receipt or expected receipt of these items. Free 2011 taxes Amount Realized The amount realized is the selling price minus selling expenses. Free 2011 taxes Selling expenses. Free 2011 taxes   Selling expenses include: Commissions, Advertising fees, Legal fees, and Loan charges paid by the seller, such as loan placement fees or “points. Free 2011 taxes ” Adjusted Basis While you owned your home, you may have made adjustments (increases or decreases) to the basis. Free 2011 taxes This adjusted basis must be determined before you can figure gain or loss on the sale of your home. Free 2011 taxes For information on how to figure your home's adjusted basis, see Determining Basis , later. Free 2011 taxes Amount of Gain or Loss To figure the amount of gain or loss, compare the amount realized to the adjusted basis. Free 2011 taxes Gain on sale. Free 2011 taxes   If the amount realized is more than the adjusted basis, the difference is a gain and, except for any part you can exclude, in most cases is taxable. Free 2011 taxes Loss on sale. Free 2011 taxes   If the amount realized is less than the adjusted basis, the difference is a loss. Free 2011 taxes A loss on the sale of your main home cannot be deducted. Free 2011 taxes Jointly owned home. Free 2011 taxes   If you and your spouse sell your jointly owned home and file a joint return, you figure your gain or loss as one taxpayer. Free 2011 taxes Separate returns. Free 2011 taxes   If you file separate returns, each of you must figure your own gain or loss according to your ownership interest in the home. Free 2011 taxes Your ownership interest is generally determined by state law. Free 2011 taxes Joint owners not married. Free 2011 taxes   If you and a joint owner other than your spouse sell your jointly owned home, each of you must figure your own gain or loss according to your ownership interest in the home. Free 2011 taxes Each of you applies the rules discussed in this chapter on an individual basis. Free 2011 taxes Dispositions Other Than Sales Some special rules apply to other dispositions of your main home. Free 2011 taxes Foreclosure or repossession. Free 2011 taxes   If your home was foreclosed on or repossessed, you have a disposition. Free 2011 taxes See Publication 4681, Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments, to determine if you have ordinary income, gain, or loss. Free 2011 taxes Abandonment. Free 2011 taxes   If you abandon your home, see Publication 4681 to determine if you have ordinary income, gain, or loss. Free 2011 taxes Trading (exchanging) homes. Free 2011 taxes   If you trade your old home for another home, treat the trade as a sale and a purchase. Free 2011 taxes Example. Free 2011 taxes You owned and lived in a home with an adjusted basis of $41,000. Free 2011 taxes A real estate dealer accepted your old home as a trade-in and allowed you $50,000 toward a new home priced at $80,000. Free 2011 taxes This is treated as a sale of your old home for $50,000 with a gain of $9,000 ($50,000 – $41,000). Free 2011 taxes If the dealer had allowed you $27,000 and assumed your unpaid mortgage of $23,000 on your old home, your sales price would still be $50,000 (the $27,000 trade-in allowed plus the $23,000 mortgage assumed). Free 2011 taxes Transfer to spouse. Free 2011 taxes   If you transfer your home to your spouse or you transfer it to your former spouse incident to your divorce, you in most cases have no gain or loss. Free 2011 taxes This is true even if you receive cash or other consideration for the home. Free 2011 taxes As a result, the rules in this chapter do not apply. Free 2011 taxes More information. Free 2011 taxes   If you need more information, see Transfer to spouse in Publication 523 and Property Settlements in Publication 504, Divorced or Separated Individuals. Free 2011 taxes Involuntary conversion. Free 2011 taxes   You have a disposition when your home is destroyed or condemned and you receive other property or money in payment, such as insurance or a condemnation award. Free 2011 taxes This is treated as a sale and you may be able to exclude all or part of any gain from the destruction or condemnation of your home, as explained later under Special Situations . Free 2011 taxes Determining Basis You need to know your basis in your home to figure any gain or loss when you sell it. Free 2011 taxes Your basis in your home is determined by how you got the home. Free 2011 taxes Generally, your basis is its cost if you bought it or built it. Free 2011 taxes If you got it in some other way (inheritance, gift, etc. Free 2011 taxes ), your basis is generally either its fair market value when you received it or the adjusted basis of the previous owner. Free 2011 taxes While you owned your home, you may have made adjustments (increases or decreases) to your home's basis. Free 2011 taxes The result of these adjustments is your home's adjusted basis, which is used to figure gain or loss on the sale of your home. Free 2011 taxes See Adjusted Basis , later. Free 2011 taxes You can find more information on basis and adjusted basis in chapter 13 of this publication and in Publication 523. Free 2011 taxes Cost As Basis The cost of property is the amount you paid for it in cash, debt obligations, other property, or services. Free 2011 taxes Purchase. Free 2011 taxes   If you bought your home, your basis is its cost to you. Free 2011 taxes This includes the purchase price and certain settlement or closing costs. Free 2011 taxes In most cases, your purchase price includes your down payment and any debt, such as a first or second mortgage or notes you gave the seller in payment for the home. Free 2011 taxes If you build, or contract to build, a new home, your purchase price can include costs of construction, as discussed in Publication 523. Free 2011 taxes Settlement fees or closing costs. Free 2011 taxes   When you bought your home, you may have paid settlement fees or closing costs in addition to the contract price of the property. Free 2011 taxes You can include in your basis some of the settlement fees and closing costs you paid for buying the home, but not the fees and costs for getting a mortgage loan. Free 2011 taxes A fee paid for buying the home is any fee you would have had to pay even if you paid cash for the home (that is, without the need for financing). Free 2011 taxes    Chapter 13 lists some of the settlement fees and closing costs that you can include in the basis of property, including your home. Free 2011 taxes It also lists some settlement costs that cannot be included in basis. Free 2011 taxes   Also see Publication 523 for additional items and a discussion of basis other than cost. Free 2011 taxes Adjusted Basis Adjusted basis is your cost or other basis increased or decreased by certain amounts. Free 2011 taxes To figure your adjusted basis, you can use Worksheet 1 in Publication 523. Free 2011 taxes Do not use Worksheet 1 if you acquired an interest in your home from a decedent who died in 2010 and whose executor filed Form 8939, Allocation of Increase in Basis for Property Acquired From a Decedent. Free 2011 taxes Increases to basis. Free 2011 taxes   These include the following. Free 2011 taxes Additions and other improvements that have a useful life of more than 1 year. Free 2011 taxes Special assessments for local improvements. Free 2011 taxes Amounts you spent after a casualty to restore damaged property. Free 2011 taxes Improvements. Free 2011 taxes   These add to the value of your home, prolong its useful life, or adapt it to new uses. Free 2011 taxes You add the cost of additions and other improvements to the basis of your property. Free 2011 taxes   For example, putting a recreation room or another bathroom in your unfinished basement, putting up a new fence, putting in new plumbing or wiring, putting on a new roof, or paving your unpaved driveway are improvements. Free 2011 taxes An addition to your house, such as a new deck, a sunroom, or a new garage, is also an improvement. Free 2011 taxes Repairs. Free 2011 taxes   These maintain your home in good condition but do not add to its value or prolong its life. Free 2011 taxes You do not add their cost to the basis of your property. Free 2011 taxes   Examples of repairs include repainting your house inside or outside, fixing your gutters or floors, repairing leaks or plastering, and replacing broken window panes. Free 2011 taxes Decreases to basis. Free 2011 taxes   These include the following. Free 2011 taxes Discharge of qualified principal residence indebtedness that was excluded from income. Free 2011 taxes Some or all of the cancellation of debt income that was excluded due to your bankruptcy or insolvency. Free 2011 taxes For details, see Publication 4681. Free 2011 taxes Gain you postponed from the sale of a previous home before May 7, 1997. Free 2011 taxes Deductible casualty losses. Free 2011 taxes Insurance payments you received or expect to receive for casualty losses. Free 2011 taxes Payments you received for granting an easement or right-of-way. Free 2011 taxes Depreciation allowed or allowable if you used your home for business or rental purposes. Free 2011 taxes Energy-related credits allowed for expenditures made on the residence. Free 2011 taxes (Reduce the increase in basis otherwise allowable for expenditures on the residence by the amount of credit allowed for those expenditures. Free 2011 taxes ) Adoption credit you claimed for improvements added to the basis of your home. Free 2011 taxes Nontaxable payments from an adoption assistance program of your employer you used for improvements you added to the basis of your home. Free 2011 taxes Energy conservation subsidy excluded from your gross income because you received it (directly or indirectly) from a public utility after 1992 to buy or install any energy conservation measure. Free 2011 taxes An energy conservation measure is an installation or modification primarily designed either to reduce consumption of electricity or natural gas or to improve the management of energy demand for a home. Free 2011 taxes District of Columbia first-time homebuyer credit (allowed on the purchase of a principal residence in the District of Columbia beginning on August 5, 1997 and before January 1, 2012). Free 2011 taxes General sales taxes (allowed beginning 2004 and ending before 2014) claimed as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) that were imposed on the purchase of personal property, such as a houseboat used as your home or a mobile home. Free 2011 taxes Discharges of qualified principal residence indebtedness. Free 2011 taxes   You may be able to exclude from gross income a discharge of qualified principal residence indebtedness. Free 2011 taxes This exclusion applies to discharges made after 2006 and before 2014. Free 2011 taxes If you choose to exclude this income, you must reduce (but not below zero) the basis of the principal residence by the amount excluded from your gross income. Free 2011 taxes   File Form 982 with your tax return. Free 2011 taxes See the form's instructions for detailed information. Free 2011 taxes Recordkeeping. Free 2011 taxes You should keep records to prove your home's adjusted basis. Free 2011 taxes Ordinarily, you must keep records for 3 years after the due date for filing your return for the tax year in which you sold your home. Free 2011 taxes But if you sold a home before May 7, 1997, and postponed tax on any gain, the basis of that home affects the basis of the new home you bought. Free 2011 taxes Keep records proving the basis of both homes as long as they are needed for tax purposes. Free 2011 taxes The records you should keep include: Proof of the home's purchase price and purchase expenses, Receipts and other records for all improvements, additions, and other items that affect the home's adjusted basis, Any worksheets or other computations you used to figure the adjusted basis of the home you sold, the gain or loss on the sale, the exclusion, and the taxable gain, Any Form 982 you filed to report any discharge of qualified principal residence indebtedness, Any Form 2119, Sale of Your Home, you filed to postpone gain from the sale of a previous home before May 7, 1997, and Any worksheets you used to prepare Form 2119, such as the Adjusted Basis of Home Sold Worksheet or the Capital Improvements Worksheet from the Form 2119 instructions, or other source of computations. Free 2011 taxes Excluding the Gain You may qualify to exclude from your income all or part of any gain from the sale of your main home. Free 2011 taxes This means that, if you qualify, you will not have to pay tax on the gain up to the limit described under Maximum Exclusion , next. Free 2011 taxes To qualify, you must meet the ownership and use tests described later. Free 2011 taxes You can choose not to take the exclusion by including the gain from the sale in your gross income on your tax return for the year of the sale. Free 2011 taxes You can use Worksheet 2 in Publication 523 to figure the amount of your exclusion and your taxable gain, if any. Free 2011 taxes If you have any taxable gain from the sale of your home, you may have to increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. Free 2011 taxes See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Free 2011 taxes Maximum Exclusion You can exclude up to $250,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Free 2011 taxes You meet the ownership test. Free 2011 taxes You meet the use test. Free 2011 taxes During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, you did not exclude gain from the sale of another home. Free 2011 taxes For details on gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use, see Periods of nonqualified use , later. Free 2011 taxes You may be able to exclude up to $500,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if you are married and file a joint return and meet the requirements listed in the discussion of the special rules for joint returns, later, under Married Persons . Free 2011 taxes Ownership and Use Tests To claim the exclusion, you must meet the ownership and use tests. Free 2011 taxes This means that during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale, you must have: Owned the home for at least 2 years (the ownership test), and Lived in the home as your main home for at least 2 years (the use test). Free 2011 taxes Exception. Free 2011 taxes   If you owned and lived in the property as your main home for less than 2 years, you can still claim an exclusion in some cases. Free 2011 taxes However, the maximum amount you may be able to exclude will be reduced. Free 2011 taxes See Reduced Maximum Exclusion , later. Free 2011 taxes Example 1—home owned and occupied for at least 2 years. Free 2011 taxes Mya bought and moved into her main home in September 2011. Free 2011 taxes She sold the home at a gain in October 2013. Free 2011 taxes During the 5-year period ending on the date of sale in October 2013, she owned and lived in the home for more than 2 years. Free 2011 taxes She meets the ownership and use tests. Free 2011 taxes Example 2—ownership test met but use test not met. Free 2011 taxes Ayden bought a home, lived in it for 6 months, moved out, and never occupied the home again. Free 2011 taxes He later sold the home for a gain. Free 2011 taxes He owned the home during the entire 5-year period ending on the date of sale. Free 2011 taxes He meets the ownership test but not the use test. Free 2011 taxes He cannot exclude any part of his gain on the sale unless he qualified for a reduced maximum exclusion (explained later). Free 2011 taxes Period of Ownership and Use The required 2 years of ownership and use during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale do not have to be continuous nor do they both have to occur at the same time. Free 2011 taxes You meet the tests if you can show that you owned and lived in the property as your main home for either 24 full months or 730 days (365 × 2) during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale. Free 2011 taxes Temporary absence. Free 2011 taxes   Short temporary absences for vacations or other seasonal absences, even if you rent out the property during the absences, are counted as periods of use. Free 2011 taxes The following examples assume that the reduced maximum exclusion (discussed later) does not apply to the sales. Free 2011 taxes Example 1. Free 2011 taxes David Johnson, who is single, bought and moved into his home on February 1, 2011. Free 2011 taxes Each year during 2011 and 2012, David left his home for a 2-month summer vacation. Free 2011 taxes David sold the house on March 1, 2013. Free 2011 taxes Although the total time David used his home is less than 2 years (21 months), he meets the requirement and may exclude gain. Free 2011 taxes The 2-month vacations are short temporary absences and are counted as periods of use in determining whether David used the home for the required 2 years. Free 2011 taxes Example 2. Free 2011 taxes Professor Paul Beard, who is single, bought and moved into a house on August 18, 2010. Free 2011 taxes He lived in it as his main home continuously until January 5, 2012, when he went abroad for a 1-year sabbatical leave. Free 2011 taxes On February 6, 2013, 1 month after returning from the leave, Paul sold the house at a gain. Free 2011 taxes Because his leave was not a short temporary absence, he cannot include the period of leave to meet the 2-year use test. Free 2011 taxes He cannot exclude any part of his gain, because he did not use the residence for the required 2 years. Free 2011 taxes Ownership and use tests met at different times. Free 2011 taxes   You can meet the ownership and use tests during different 2-year periods. Free 2011 taxes However, you must meet both tests during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale. Free 2011 taxes Example. Free 2011 taxes Beginning in 2002, Helen Jones lived in a rented apartment. Free 2011 taxes The apartment building was later converted to condominiums, and she bought her same apartment on December 3, 2010. Free 2011 taxes In 2011, Helen became ill and on April 14 of that year she moved to her daughter's home. Free 2011 taxes On July 12, 2013, while still living in her daughter's home, she sold her condominium. Free 2011 taxes Helen can exclude gain on the sale of her condominium because she met the ownership and use tests during the 5-year period from July 13, 2008, to July 12, 2013, the date she sold the condominium. Free 2011 taxes She owned her condominium from December 3, 2010, to July 12, 2013 (more than 2 years). Free 2011 taxes She lived in the property from July 13, 2008 (the beginning of the 5-year period), to April 14, 2011 (more than 2 years). Free 2011 taxes The time Helen lived in her daughter's home during the 5-year period can be counted toward her period of ownership, and the time she lived in her rented apartment during the 5-year period can be counted toward her period of use. Free 2011 taxes Cooperative apartment. Free 2011 taxes   If you sold stock as a tenant-stockholder in a cooperative housing corporation, the ownership and use tests are met if, during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale, you: Owned the stock for at least 2 years, and Lived in the house or apartment that the stock entitles you to occupy as your main home for at least 2 years. Free 2011 taxes Exceptions to Ownership and Use Tests The following sections contain exceptions to the ownership and use tests for certain taxpayers. Free 2011 taxes Exception for individuals with a disability. Free 2011 taxes   There is an exception to the use test if: You become physically or mentally unable to care for yourself, and You owned and lived in your home as your main home for a total of at least 1 year during the 5-year period before the sale of your home. Free 2011 taxes Under this exception, you are considered to live in your home during any time within the 5-year period that you own the home and live in a facility (including a nursing home) licensed by a state or political subdivision to care for persons in your condition. Free 2011 taxes If you meet this exception to the use test, you still have to meet the 2-out-of-5-year ownership test to claim the exclusion. Free 2011 taxes Previous home destroyed or condemned. Free 2011 taxes   For the ownership and use tests, you add the time you owned and lived in a previous home that was destroyed or condemned to the time you owned and lived in the replacement home on whose sale you wish to exclude gain. Free 2011 taxes This rule applies if any part of the basis of the home you sold depended on the basis of the destroyed or condemned home. Free 2011 taxes Otherwise, you must have owned and lived in the same home for 2 of the 5 years before the sale to qualify for the exclusion. Free 2011 taxes Members of the uniformed services or Foreign Service, employees of the intelligence community, or employees or volunteers of the Peace Corps. Free 2011 taxes   You can choose to have the 5-year test period for ownership and use suspended during any period you or your spouse serve on “qualified official extended duty” as a member of the uniformed services or Foreign Service of the United States, or as an employee of the intelligence community. Free 2011 taxes You can choose to have the 5-year test period for ownership and use suspended during any period you or your spouse serve outside the United States either as an employee of the Peace Corps on "qualified official extended duty" or as an enrolled volunteer or volunteer leader of the Peace Corps. Free 2011 taxes This means that you may be able to meet the 2-year use test even if, because of your service, you did not actually live in your home for at least the required 2 years during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale. Free 2011 taxes   If this helps you qualify to exclude gain, you can choose to have the 5-year test period suspended by filing a return for the year of sale that does not include the gain. Free 2011 taxes For more information about the suspension of the 5-year test period, see Members of the uniformed services or Foreign Service, employees of the intelligence community, or employees or volunteers of the Peace Corps in Publication 523. Free 2011 taxes Married Persons If you and your spouse file a joint return for the year of sale and one spouse meets the ownership and use tests, you can exclude up to $250,000 of the gain. Free 2011 taxes (But see Special rules for joint returns , next. Free 2011 taxes ) Special rules for joint returns. Free 2011 taxes   You can exclude up to $500,000 of the gain on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Free 2011 taxes You are married and file a joint return for the year. Free 2011 taxes Either you or your spouse meets the ownership test. Free 2011 taxes Both you and your spouse meet the use test. Free 2011 taxes During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, neither you nor your spouse excluded gain from the sale of another home. Free 2011 taxes If either spouse does not satisfy all these requirements, the maximum exclusion that can be claimed by the couple is the total of the maximum exclusions that each spouse would qualify for if not married and the amounts were figured separately. Free 2011 taxes For this purpose, each spouse is treated as owning the property during the period that either spouse owned the property. Free 2011 taxes Example 1—one spouse sells a home. Free 2011 taxes Emily sells her home in June 2013 for a gain of $300,000. Free 2011 taxes She marries Jamie later in the year. Free 2011 taxes She meets the ownership and use tests, but Jamie does not. Free 2011 taxes Emily can exclude up to $250,000 of gain on a separate or joint return for 2013. Free 2011 taxes The $500,000 maximum exclusion for certain joint returns does not apply because Jamie does not meet the use test. Free 2011 taxes Example 2—each spouse sells a home. Free 2011 taxes The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that Jamie also sells a home in 2013 for a gain of $200,000 before he marries Emily. Free 2011 taxes He meets the ownership and use tests on his home, but Emily does not. Free 2011 taxes Emily can exclude $250,000 of gain and Jamie can exclude $200,000 of gain on the respective sales of their individual homes. Free 2011 taxes However, Emily cannot use Jamie's unused exclusion to exclude more than $250,000 of gain. Free 2011 taxes Therefore, Emily and Jamie must recognize $50,000 of gain on the sale of Emily's home. Free 2011 taxes The $500,000 maximum exclusion for certain joint returns does not apply because Emily and Jamie do not both meet the use test for the same home. Free 2011 taxes Sale of main home by surviving spouse. Free 2011 taxes   If your spouse died and you did not remarry before the date of sale, you are considered to have owned and lived in the property as your main home during any period of time when your spouse owned and lived in it as a main home. Free 2011 taxes   If you meet all of the following requirements, you may qualify to exclude up to $500,000 of any gain from the sale or exchange of your main home. Free 2011 taxes The sale or exchange took place after 2008. Free 2011 taxes The sale or exchange took place no more than 2 years after the date of death of your spouse. Free 2011 taxes You have not remarried. Free 2011 taxes You and your spouse met the use test at the time of your spouse's death. Free 2011 taxes You or your spouse met the ownership test at the time of your spouse's death. Free 2011 taxes Neither you nor your spouse excluded gain from the sale of another home during the last 2 years. Free 2011 taxes Example. Free 2011 taxes   Harry owned and used a house as his main home since 2009. Free 2011 taxes Harry and Wilma married on July 1, 2013, and from that date they use Harry's house as their main home. Free 2011 taxes Harry died on August 15, 2013, and Wilma inherited the property. Free 2011 taxes Wilma sold the property on September 3, 2013, at which time she had not remarried. Free 2011 taxes Although Wilma owned and used the house for less than 2 years, Wilma is considered to have satisfied the ownership and use tests because her period of ownership and use includes the period that Harry owned and used the property before death. Free 2011 taxes Home transferred from spouse. Free 2011 taxes   If your home was transferred to you by your spouse (or former spouse if the transfer was incident to divorce), you are considered to have owned it during any period of time when your spouse owned it. Free 2011 taxes Use of home after divorce. Free 2011 taxes   You are considered to have used property as your main home during any period when: You owned it, and Your spouse or former spouse is allowed to live in it under a divorce or separation instrument and uses it as his or her main home. Free 2011 taxes Reduced Maximum Exclusion If you fail to meet the requirements to qualify for the $250,000 or $500,000 exclusion, you may still qualify for a reduced exclusion. Free 2011 taxes This applies to those who: Fail to meet the ownership and use tests, or Have used the exclusion within 2 years of selling their current home. Free 2011 taxes In both cases, to qualify for a reduced exclusion, the sale of your main home must be due to one of the following reasons. Free 2011 taxes A change in place of employment. Free 2011 taxes Health. Free 2011 taxes Unforeseen circumstances. Free 2011 taxes Unforeseen circumstances. Free 2011 taxes   The sale of your main home is because of an unforeseen circumstance if your primary reason for the sale is the occurrence of an event that you could not reasonably have anticipated before buying and occupying your main home. Free 2011 taxes   See Publication 523 for more information and to use Worksheet 3 to figure your reduced maximum exclusion. Free 2011 taxes Business Use or Rental of Home You may be able to exclude gain from the sale of a home you have used for business or to produce rental income. Free 2011 taxes But you must meet the ownership and use tests. Free 2011 taxes Periods of nonqualified use. Free 2011 taxes   In most cases, gain from the sale or exchange of your main home will not qualify for the exclusion to the extent that the gains are allocated to periods of nonqualified use. Free 2011 taxes Nonqualified use is any period after 2008 during which neither you nor your spouse (or your former spouse) used the property as a main home with the following exceptions. Free 2011 taxes Exceptions. Free 2011 taxes   A period of nonqualified use does not include: Any portion of the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale or exchange after the last date you (or your spouse) use the property as a main home; Any period (not to exceed an aggregate period of 10 years) during which you (or your spouse) are serving on qualified official extended duty: As a member of the uniformed services; As a member of the Foreign Service of the United States; or As an employee of the intelligence community; and Any other period of temporary absence (not to exceed an aggregate period of 2 years) due to change of employment, health conditions, or such other unforeseen circumstances as may be specified by the IRS. Free 2011 taxes The gain resulting from the sale of the property is allocated between qualified and nonqualified use periods based on the amount of time the property was held for qualified and nonqualified use. Free 2011 taxes Gain from the sale or exchange of a main home allocable to periods of qualified use will continue to qualify for the exclusion for the sale of your main home. Free 2011 taxes Gain from the sale or exchange of property allocable to nonqualified use will not qualify for the exclusion. Free 2011 taxes Calculation. Free 2011 taxes   To figure the portion of the gain allocated to the period of nonqualified use, multiply the gain by the following fraction:   Total nonqualified use during the period of ownership after 2008      Total period of ownership     This calculation can be found in Worksheet 2, line 10, in Publication 523. Free 2011 taxes Example 1. Free 2011 taxes On May 23, 2007, Amy, who is unmarried for all years in this example, bought a house. Free 2011 taxes She moved in on that date and lived in it until May 31, 2009, when she moved out of the house and put it up for rent. Free 2011 taxes The house was rented from June 1, 2009, to March 31, 2011. Free 2011 taxes Amy claimed depreciation deductions in 2009 through 2011 totaling $10,000. Free 2011 taxes Amy moved back into the house on April 1, 2011, and lived there until she sold it on January 31, 2013, for a gain of $200,000. Free 2011 taxes During the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale (January 31, 2008-January 31, 2013), Amy owned and lived in the house for more than 2 years as shown in the following table. Free 2011 taxes Five Year Period Used as  Home Used as  Rental 1/31/08 – 5/31/09 16 months       6/1/09 – 3/31/11   22 months 4/1/11 – 1/31/13 22 months         38 months 22 months During the period Amy owned the house (2,080 days), her period of nonqualified use was 668 days. Free 2011 taxes Amy divides 668 by 2,080 and obtains a decimal (rounded to at least three decimal places) of 0. Free 2011 taxes 321. Free 2011 taxes To figure her gain attributable to the period of nonqualified use, she multiplies $190,000 (the gain not attributable to the $10,000 depreciation deduction) by 0. Free 2011 taxes 321. Free 2011 taxes Because the gain attributable to periods of nonqualified use is $60,990, Amy can exclude $129,010 of her gain. Free 2011 taxes Example 2. Free 2011 taxes William owned and used a house as his main home from 2007 through 2010. Free 2011 taxes On January 1, 2011, he moved to another state. Free 2011 taxes He rented his house from that date until April 30, 2013, when he sold it. Free 2011 taxes During the 5-year period ending on the date of sale (May 1, 2008-April 30, 2013), William owned and lived in the house for more than 2 years. Free 2011 taxes He must report the sale on Form 4797 because it was rental property at the time of sale. Free 2011 taxes Because the period of nonqualified use does not include any part of the 5-year period after the last date William lived in the house, he has no period of nonqualified use. Free 2011 taxes Because he met the ownership and use tests, he can exclude gain up to $250,000. Free 2011 taxes However, he cannot exclude the part of the gain equal to the depreciation he claimed or could have claimed for renting the house, as explained next. Free 2011 taxes Depreciation after May 6, 1997. Free 2011 taxes   If you were entitled to take depreciation deductions because you used your home for business purposes or as rental property, you cannot exclude the part of your gain equal to any depreciation allowed or allowable as a deduction for periods after May 6, 1997. Free 2011 taxes If you can show by adequate records or other evidence that the depreciation allowed was less than the amount allowable, then you may limit the amount of gain recognized to the depreciation allowed. Free 2011 taxes See Publication 544 for more information. Free 2011 taxes Property used partly for business or rental. Free 2011 taxes   If you used property partly as a home and partly for business or to produce rental income, see Publication 523. Free 2011 taxes Reporting the Sale Do not report the 2013 sale of your main home on your tax return unless: You have a gain and do not qualify to exclude all of it, You have a gain and choose not to exclude it, or You received Form 1099-S. Free 2011 taxes If any of these conditions apply, report the entire gain or loss. Free 2011 taxes For details on how to report the gain or loss, see the Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040) and the Instructions for Form 8949. Free 2011 taxes If you used the home for business or to produce rental income, you may have to use Form 4797 to report the sale of the business or rental part (or the sale of the entire property if used entirely for business or rental). Free 2011 taxes See Business Use or Rental of Home in Publication 523 and the Instructions for Form 4797. Free 2011 taxes Installment sale. Free 2011 taxes    Some sales are made under arrangements that provide for part or all of the selling price to be paid in a later year. Free 2011 taxes These sales are called “installment sales. Free 2011 taxes ” If you finance the buyer's purchase of your home yourself instead of having the buyer get a loan or mortgage from a bank, you probably have an installment sale. Free 2011 taxes You may be able to report the part of the gain you cannot exclude on the installment basis. Free 2011 taxes    Use Form 6252, Installment Sale Income, to report the sale. Free 2011 taxes Enter your exclusion on line 15 of Form 6252. Free 2011 taxes Seller-financed mortgage. Free 2011 taxes   If you sell your home and hold a note, mortgage, or other financial agreement, the payments you receive in most cases consist of both interest and principal. Free 2011 taxes You must separately report as interest income the interest you receive as part of each payment. Free 2011 taxes If the buyer of your home uses the property as a main or second home, you must also report the name, address, and social security number (SSN) of the buyer on line 1 of Schedule B (Form 1040A or 1040). Free 2011 taxes The buyer must give you his or her SSN, and you must give the buyer your SSN. Free 2011 taxes Failure to meet these requirements may result in a $50 penalty for each failure. Free 2011 taxes If either you or the buyer does not have and is not eligible to get an SSN, see Social Security Number in chapter 1. Free 2011 taxes More information. Free 2011 taxes   For more information on installment sales, see Publication 537, Installment Sales. Free 2011 taxes Special Situations The situations that follow may affect your exclusion. Free 2011 taxes Sale of home acquired in a like-kind exchange. Free 2011 taxes   You cannot claim the exclusion if: You acquired your home in a like-kind exchange (also known as a section 1031 exchange), or your basis in your home is determined by reference to the basis of the home in the hands of the person who acquired the property in a like-kind exchange (for example, you received the home from that person as a gift), and You sold the home during the 5-year period beginning with the date your home was acquired in the like-kind exchange. Free 2011 taxes Gain from a like-kind exchange is not taxable at the time of the exchange. Free 2011 taxes This means that gain will not be taxed until you sell or otherwise dispose of the property you receive. Free 2011 taxes To defer gain from a like-kind exchange, you must have exchanged business or investment property for business or investment property of a like kind. Free 2011 taxes For more information about like-kind exchanges, see Publication 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets. Free 2011 taxes Home relinquished in a like-kind exchange. Free 2011 taxes   If you use your main home partly for business or rental purposes and then exchange the home for another property, see Publication 523. Free 2011 taxes Expatriates. Free 2011 taxes   You cannot claim the exclusion if the expatriation tax applies to you. Free 2011 taxes The expatriation tax applies to certain U. Free 2011 taxes S. Free 2011 taxes citizens who have renounced their citizenship (and to certain long-term residents who have ended their residency). Free 2011 taxes For more information about the expatriation tax, see Expatriation Tax in chapter 4 of Publication 519, U. Free 2011 taxes S. Free 2011 taxes Tax Guide for Aliens. Free 2011 taxes Home destroyed or condemned. Free 2011 taxes   If your home was destroyed or condemned, any gain (for example, because of insurance proceeds you received) qualifies for the exclusion. Free 2011 taxes   Any part of the gain that cannot be excluded (because it is more than the maximum exclusion) can be postponed under the rules explained in: Publication 547, in the case of a home that was destroyed, or Publication 544, chapter 1, in the case of a home that was condemned. Free 2011 taxes Sale of remainder interest. Free 2011 taxes   Subject to the other rules in this chapter, you can choose to exclude gain from the sale of a remainder interest in your home. Free 2011 taxes If you make this choice, you cannot choose to exclude gain from your sale of any other interest in the home that you sell separately. Free 2011 taxes Exception for sales to related persons. Free 2011 taxes   You cannot exclude gain from the sale of a remainder interest in your home to a related person. Free 2011 taxes Related persons include your brothers, sisters, half-brothers, half-sisters, spouse, ancestors (parents, grandparents, etc. Free 2011 taxes ), and lineal descendants (children, grandchildren, etc. Free 2011 taxes ). Free 2011 taxes Related persons also include certain corporations, partnerships, trusts, and exempt organizations. Free 2011 taxes Recapturing (Paying Back) a Federal Mortgage Subsidy If you financed your home under a federally subsidized program (loans from tax-exempt qualified mortgage bonds or loans with mortgage credit certificates), you may have to recapture all or part of the benefit you received from that program when you sell or otherwise dispose of your home. Free 2011 taxes You recapture the benefit by increasing your federal income tax for the year of the sale. Free 2011 taxes You may have to pay this recapture tax even if you can exclude your gain from income under the rules discussed earlier; that exclusion does not affect the recapture tax. Free 2011 taxes Loans subject to recapture rules. Free 2011 taxes   The recapture applies to loans that: Came from the proceeds of qualified mortgage bonds, or Were based on mortgage credit certificates. Free 2011 taxes The recapture also applies to assumptions of these loans. Free 2011 taxes When recapture applies. Free 2011 taxes   Recapture of the federal mortgage subsidy applies only if you meet both of the following conditions. Free 2011 taxes You sell or otherwise dispose of your home at a gain within the first 9 years after the date you close your mortgage loan. Free 2011 taxes Your income for the year of disposition is more than that year's adjusted qualifying income for your family size for that year (related to the income requirements a person must meet to qualify for the federally subsidized program). Free 2011 taxes When recapture does not apply. Free 2011 taxes   Recapture does not apply in any of the following situations. Free 2011 taxes Your mortgage loan was a qualified home improvement loan (QHIL) of not more than $15,000 used for alterations, repairs, and improvements that protect or improve the basic livability or energy efficiency of your home. Free 2011 taxes Your mortgage loan was a QHIL of not more than $150,000 in the case of a QHIL used to repair damage from Hurricane Katrina to homes in the hurricane disaster area; a QHIL funded by a qualified mortgage bond that is a qualified Gulf Opportunity Zone Bond; or a QHIL for an owner-occupied home in the Gulf Opportunity Zone (GO Zone), Rita GO Zone, or Wilma GO Zone. Free 2011 taxes For more information, see Publication 4492, Information for Taxpayers Affected by Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma. Free 2011 taxes Also see Publication 4492-B, Information for Affected Taxpayers in the Midwestern Disaster Areas. Free 2011 taxes The home is disposed of as a result of your death. Free 2011 taxes You dispose of the home more than 9 years after the date you closed your mortgage loan. Free 2011 taxes You transfer the home to your spouse, or to your former spouse incident to a divorce, where no gain is included in your income. Free 2011 taxes You dispose of the home at a loss. Free 2011 taxes Your home is destroyed by a casualty, and you replace it on its original site within 2 years after the end of the tax year when the destruction happened. Free 2011 taxes The replacement period is extended for main homes destroyed in a federally declared disaster area, a Midwestern disaster area, the Kansas disaster area, and the Hurricane Katrina disaster area. Free 2011 taxes For more information, see Replacement Period in Publication 547. Free 2011 taxes You refinance your mortgage loan (unless you later meet the conditions listed previously under When recapture applies ). Free 2011 taxes Notice of amounts. Free 2011 taxes   At or near the time of settlement of your mortgage loan, you should receive a notice that provides the federally subsidized amount and other information you will need to figure your recapture tax. Free 2011 taxes How to figure and report the recapture. Free 2011 taxes    The recapture tax is figured on Form 8828. Free 2011 taxes If you sell your home and your mortgage is subject to recapture rules, you must file Form 8828 even if you do not owe a recapture tax. Free 2011 taxes Attach Form 8828 to your Form 1040. Free 2011 taxes For more information, see Form 8828 and its instructions. Free 2011 taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications