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After death of owner, Distributions After Owner's Death Insufficient, Distributions After Owner's Death Ordering rules for, Ordering Rules for Distributions Early distributions, Additional Tax on Early Distributions Excess accumulations, Distributions After Owner's Death Excess contributions, What if You Contribute Too Much? Figuring taxable part, How Do You Figure the Taxable Part? Losses, Recognizing Losses on Investments Modified AGI Effect on contribution amount (Table 2-1), Table 2-1. File just state taxes online free Effect of Modified AGI on Roth IRA Contribution Figuring (Worksheet 2-1), Worksheet 2-1. File just state taxes online free Modified Adjusted Gross Income for Roth IRA Purposes Rollovers from, Rollover From a Roth IRA Setting up, When Can a Roth IRA Be Opened? Spouse, Can you contribute to a Roth IRA for your spouse? Traditional IRAs converted into, Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA Withdrawing or using assets, Must You Withdraw or Use Assets? S Salary reduction arrangement, What Is a SIMPLE Plan? Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees (see SIMPLE IRAs) Section 501(c)(18) plan, General Limit, Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRA Limit Self-employed persons Deductible contributions, Self-employed. File just state taxes online free Income of, Self-employment income. File just state taxes online free SIMPLE plans, Self-employed individual. File just state taxes online free SEP IRAs Recharacterizing to, Recharacterizing to a SEP IRA or SIMPLE IRA. File just state taxes online free Separated taxpayers Filing status of, Lived apart from spouse. File just state taxes online free Servicemembers group life insurance, Military Death Gratuities and Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) Payments Services received at reduced or no cost, Services received at reduced or no cost. File just state taxes online free SIMPLE IRAs, Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees (SIMPLE), Two-year rule. File just state taxes online free Contributions, How Are Contributions Made?, How Much Can Be Contributed on Your Behalf? Conversion from, Converting from a SIMPLE IRA. File just state taxes online free Distributions, Are Distributions Taxable? Early distributions, , Additional Tax on Early Distributions Eligible employees, Eligible Employees Penalties, Additional Tax on Early Distributions Recharacterizing to, Recharacterizing to a SEP IRA or SIMPLE IRA. File just state taxes online free Rollovers, Rollovers and Transfers Exception Salary reduction contribution limits, Salary reduction contributions limit. File just state taxes online free Self-employed persons, Self-employed individual. File just state taxes online free SIMPLE plan, defined, What Is a SIMPLE Plan? Traditional IRA, mistakenly moved to, Traditional IRA mistakenly moved to SIMPLE IRA. File just state taxes online free , Traditional IRA mistakenly moved to SIMPLE IRA. File just state taxes online free Two-year rule, Two-year rule. File just state taxes online free Withdrawing or using assets, When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets? Simplified employee pensions (SEPs), Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) Social Security recipients, Social Security Recipients Spousal IRAs (see Kay Bailey Hutchison Spousal IRAs or Inherited IRAs) Students Education expenses, Higher education expenses. File just state taxes online free Retirement savings contributions credit, Full-time student. File just state taxes online free Surviving spouse, Surviving spouse. File just state taxes online free , Surviving spouse. File just state taxes online free Rollovers by, Distributions received by a surviving spouse. File just state taxes online free T Tables Modified AGI Employer retirement plan coverage and deduction (Table 1-2), Table 1-2. 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File just state taxes online free Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax year, Tax year. File just state taxes online free Tax-sheltered annuities Rollovers from, Distribution from a tax-sheltered annuity. File just state taxes online free Traditional IRAs, Traditional IRAs, Form 5329 not required. File just state taxes online free Age 59 1/2 rule, Age 59½ Rule Contribution limits, How Much Can Be Contributed?, More Than Maximum Contributions Contributions, How Much Can Be Contributed?, More Than Maximum Contributions Due date, Contributions must be made by due date. File just state taxes online free To Roth IRAs and to traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs and traditional IRAs. File just state taxes online free Converting into Roth IRA, Converting From Any Traditional IRA Into a Roth IRA Cost basis, Cost basis. File just state taxes online free Deductions, How Much Can You Deduct?, Examples — Worksheet for Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 Defined, Introduction Disclosures, Required Disclosures Excess contributions, Excess Contributions Inherited IRAs, What if You Inherit an IRA?, More information. File just state taxes online free Loss of IRA status, Loss of IRA status. File just state taxes online free Losses, Recognizing Losses on Traditional IRA Investments Mistakenly moved to SIMPLE IRA, Traditional IRA mistakenly moved to SIMPLE IRA. File just state taxes online free , Traditional IRA mistakenly moved to SIMPLE IRA. File just state taxes online free Recordkeeping, Nondeductible Contributions Reduced IRA deduction for 2013, Examples — Worksheet for Reduced IRA Deduction for 2013 Rollovers (see Rollovers) Setting up, Who Can Open a Traditional IRA?, Required Disclosures Social Security recipients, Social Security Recipients Transfers, Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? Types of, Kinds of traditional IRAs. File just state taxes online free Withdrawing or using assets, When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets?, Excess Contributions Tax Transfers, Can You Move Retirement Plan Assets? Divorce, Transfers Incident To Divorce To Roth IRAs, Transfers to Roth IRAs. File just state taxes online free , Can You Move Amounts Into a Roth IRA? Trustee to trustee, Trustee-to-Trustee Transfer, Conversion methods. File just state taxes online free Trustee-to-trustee transfers, Trustee-to-Trustee Transfer To Roth IRAs, Conversion methods. File just state taxes online free Trustees' fees, Trustees' fees. File just state taxes online free , Trustees' fees. File just state taxes online free Trusts As beneficiary, Trust as beneficiary. File just state taxes online free TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help Two-year rule SIMPLE IRAs, Two-year rule. File just state taxes online free U Unreimbursed medical expenses, Unreimbursed medical expenses. File just state taxes online free V Volunteer firefighters, Volunteer firefighters. File just state taxes online free W Withdrawing or using assets Contribution withdrawal, before due date of return, Contributions Returned Before Due Date of Return Roth IRAs, Must You Withdraw or Use Assets? SIMPLE IRAs, When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets? Traditional IRAs, When Can You Withdraw or Use Assets?, Excess Contributions Tax Withholding, Reporting and Withholding Requirements for Taxable Amounts, Withholding. File just state taxes online free Direct rollover option, Withholding. File just state taxes online free Eligible rollover distribution paid to taxpayer, Withholding requirement. File just state taxes online free Worksheets Figuring amount of net income due to IRA contribution and total amount to be recharacterized (Worksheet 1-3), Worksheet 1-3. File just state taxes online free Determining the Amount of Net Income Due To an IRA Contribution and Total Amount To Be Recharacterized Figuring modified AGI (Worksheet 1-1), Worksheet 1-1. File just state taxes online free Figuring Your Modified AGI Roth IRAs Figuring modified AGI (Worksheet 2-1), Worksheet 2-1. File just state taxes online free Modified Adjusted Gross Income for Roth IRA Purposes Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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The File Just State Taxes Online Free

File just state taxes online free 25. File just state taxes online free   Nonbusiness Casualty and Theft Losses Table of Contents What's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: CasualtyFamily pet. File just state taxes online free Progressive deterioration. File just state taxes online free Damage from corrosive drywall. File just state taxes online free Theft Loss on Deposits Proof of Loss Figuring a LossDecrease in Fair Market Value Adjusted Basis Insurance and Other Reimbursements Single Casualty on Multiple Properties Deduction Limits$100 Rule 10% Rule When To Report Gains and LossesDisaster Area Loss How To Report Gains and Losses What's New New Section C of Form 4684 for Ponzi-type investment schemes. File just state taxes online free  Section C of Form 4684 is new for 2013. File just state taxes online free You must complete Section C if you are claiming a theft loss deduction due to a Ponzi-type investment scheme and are using Revenue Procedure 2009-20, as modified by Revenue Procedure 2011-58. File just state taxes online free Section C of Form 4684 replaces Appendix A in Revenue Procedure 2009-20. File just state taxes online free You do not need to complete Appendix A. File just state taxes online free For details, see Losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes , in this chapter. File just state taxes online free Introduction This chapter explains the tax treatment of personal (not business or investment related) casualty losses, theft losses, and losses on deposits. File just state taxes online free The chapter also explains the following  topics. File just state taxes online free How to figure the amount of your loss. File just state taxes online free How to treat insurance and other reimbursements you receive. File just state taxes online free The deduction limits. File just state taxes online free When and how to report a casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free Forms to file. File just state taxes online free    When you have a casualty or theft, you have to file Form 4684. File just state taxes online free You will also have to file one or more of the following forms. File just state taxes online free Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions Schedule D (Form 1040), Capital Gains and Losses Condemnations. File just state taxes online free   For information on condemnations of property, see Involuntary Conversions in chapter 1 of Publication 544, Sales and Other Disposition of Assets. File just state taxes online free Workbook for casualties and thefts. File just state taxes online free    Publication 584 is available to help you make a list of your stolen or damaged personal-use property and figure your loss. File just state taxes online free It includes schedules to help you figure the loss on your home, its contents, and your motor vehicles. File just state taxes online free Business or investment-related losses. File just state taxes online free   For information on a casualty or theft loss of business or income-producing property, see Publication 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts. File just state taxes online free Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 544 Sales and Other Dispositions  of Assets 547 Casualties, Disasters, and   Thefts 584 Casualty, Disaster, and Theft   Loss Workbook (Personal-Use  Property) Form (and Instructions) Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 4684 Casualties and Thefts Casualty A casualty is the damage, destruction, or loss of property resulting from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. File just state taxes online free A sudden event is one that is swift, not gradual or progressive. File just state taxes online free An unexpected event is one that is ordinarily unanticipated and unintended. File just state taxes online free An unusual event is one that is not a day-to-day occurrence and that is not typical of the activity in which you were engaged. File just state taxes online free Deductible losses. File just state taxes online free   Deductible casualty losses can result from a number of different causes, including the following. File just state taxes online free Car accidents (but see Nondeductible losses , next, for exceptions). File just state taxes online free Earthquakes. File just state taxes online free Fires (but see Nondeductible losses , next, for exceptions). File just state taxes online free Floods. File just state taxes online free Government-ordered demolition or relocation of a home that is unsafe to use because of a disaster as discussed under Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Mine cave-ins. File just state taxes online free Shipwrecks. File just state taxes online free Sonic booms. File just state taxes online free Storms, including hurricanes and tornadoes. File just state taxes online free Terrorist attacks. File just state taxes online free Vandalism. File just state taxes online free Volcanic eruptions. File just state taxes online free Nondeductible losses. File just state taxes online free   A casualty loss is not deductible if the damage or destruction is caused by the following. File just state taxes online free Accidentally breaking articles such as glassware or china under normal conditions. File just state taxes online free A family pet (explained below). File just state taxes online free A fire if you willfully set it or pay someone else to set it. File just state taxes online free A car accident if your willful negligence or willful act caused it. File just state taxes online free The same is true if the willful act or willful negligence of someone acting for you caused the accident. File just state taxes online free Progressive deterioration (explained later). File just state taxes online free Family pet. File just state taxes online free   Loss of property due to damage by a family pet is not deductible as a casualty loss unless the requirements discussed earlier under Casualty are met. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free Your antique oriental rug was damaged by your new puppy before it was housebroken. File just state taxes online free Because the damage was not unexpected and unusual, the loss is not deductible as a casualty loss. File just state taxes online free Progressive deterioration. File just state taxes online free    Loss of property due to progressive deterioration is not deductible as a casualty loss. File just state taxes online free This is because the damage results from a steadily operating cause or a normal process, rather than from a sudden event. File just state taxes online free The following are examples of damage due to progressive deterioration. File just state taxes online free The steady weakening of a building due to normal wind and weather conditions. File just state taxes online free The deterioration and damage to a water heater that bursts. File just state taxes online free However, the rust and water damage to rugs and drapes caused by the bursting of a water heater does qualify as a casualty. File just state taxes online free Most losses of property caused by droughts. File just state taxes online free To be deductible, a drought-related loss generally must be incurred in a trade or business or in a transaction entered into for profit. File just state taxes online free Termite or moth damage. File just state taxes online free The damage or destruction of trees, shrubs, or other plants by a fungus, disease, insects, worms, or similar pests. File just state taxes online free However, a sudden destruction due to an unexpected or unusual infestation of beetles or other insects may result in a casualty loss. File just state taxes online free Damage from corrosive drywall. File just state taxes online free   Under a special procedure, you may be able to claim a casualty loss deduction for amounts you paid to repair damage to your home and household appliances that resulted from corrosive drywall. File just state taxes online free For details, see Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Theft A theft is the taking and removing of money or property with the intent to deprive the owner of it. File just state taxes online free The taking of property must be illegal under the laws of the state where it occurred and it must have been done with criminal intent. File just state taxes online free You do not need to show a conviction for theft. File just state taxes online free Theft includes the taking of money or property by the following means. File just state taxes online free Blackmail. File just state taxes online free Burglary. File just state taxes online free Embezzlement. File just state taxes online free Extortion. File just state taxes online free Kidnapping for ransom. File just state taxes online free Larceny. File just state taxes online free Robbery. File just state taxes online free The taking of money or property through fraud or misrepresentation is theft if it is illegal under state or local law. File just state taxes online free Decline in market value of stock. File just state taxes online free   You cannot deduct as a theft loss the decline in market value of stock acquired on the open market for investment if the decline is caused by disclosure of accounting fraud or other illegal misconduct by the officers or directors of the corporation that issued the stock. File just state taxes online free However, you can deduct as a capital loss the loss you sustain when you sell or exchange the stock or the stock becomes completely worthless. File just state taxes online free You report a capital loss on Schedule D (Form 1040). File just state taxes online free For more information about stock sales, worthless stock, and capital losses, see chapter 4 of Publication 550. File just state taxes online free Mislaid or lost property. File just state taxes online free   The simple disappearance of money or property is not a theft. File just state taxes online free However, an accidental loss or disappearance of property can qualify as a casualty if it results from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. File just state taxes online free Sudden, unexpected, and unusual events are defined earlier. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free A car door is accidentally slammed on your hand, breaking the setting of your diamond ring. File just state taxes online free The diamond falls from the ring and is never found. File just state taxes online free The loss of the diamond is a casualty. File just state taxes online free Losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes. File just state taxes online free   If you had a loss from a Ponzi-type investment scheme, see: Revenue Ruling 2009-9, 2009-14 I. File just state taxes online free R. File just state taxes online free B. File just state taxes online free 735 (available at www. File just state taxes online free irs. File just state taxes online free gov/irb/2009-14_IRB/ar07. File just state taxes online free html). File just state taxes online free Revenue Procedure 2009-20, 2009-14 I. File just state taxes online free R. File just state taxes online free B. File just state taxes online free 749 (available at www. File just state taxes online free irs. File just state taxes online free gov/irb/2009-14_IRB/ar11. File just state taxes online free html). File just state taxes online free Revenue Procedure 2011-58, 2011-50 I. File just state taxes online free R. File just state taxes online free B. File just state taxes online free 849 (available at www. File just state taxes online free irs. File just state taxes online free gov/irb/2011-50_IRB/ar11. File just state taxes online free html). File just state taxes online free If you qualify to use Revenue Procedure 2009-20, as modified by Revenue Procedure 2011-58, and you choose to follow the procedures in the guidance, first fill out Section C of Form 4684 to determine the amount to enter on Section B, line 28. File just state taxes online free Skip lines 19 to 27. File just state taxes online free Section C of Form 4684 replaces Appendix A in Revenue Procedure 2009-20. File just state taxes online free You do not need to complete Appendix A. File just state taxes online free For more information, see the above revenue ruling and revenue procedures, and the Instructions for Form 4684. File just state taxes online free   If you choose not to use the procedures in Revenue Procedure 2009-20, you may claim your theft loss by filling out Section B, lines 19 to 39, as appropriate. File just state taxes online free Loss on Deposits A loss on deposits can occur when a bank, credit union, or other financial institution becomes insolvent or bankrupt. File just state taxes online free If you incurred this type of loss, you can choose one of the following ways to deduct the loss. File just state taxes online free As a casualty loss. File just state taxes online free As an ordinary loss. File just state taxes online free As a nonbusiness bad debt. File just state taxes online free Casualty loss or ordinary loss. File just state taxes online free   You can choose to deduct a loss on deposits as a casualty loss or as an ordinary loss for any year in which you can reasonably estimate how much of your deposits you have lost in an insolvent or bankrupt financial institution. File just state taxes online free The choice is generally made on the return you file for that year and applies to all your losses on deposits for the year in that particular financial institution. File just state taxes online free If you treat the loss as a casualty or ordinary loss, you cannot treat the same amount of the loss as a nonbusiness bad debt when it actually becomes worthless. File just state taxes online free However, you can take a nonbusiness bad debt deduction for any amount of loss that is more than the estimated amount you deducted as a casualty or ordinary loss. File just state taxes online free Once you make this choice, you cannot change it without permission from the Internal Revenue Service. File just state taxes online free   If you claim an ordinary loss, report it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. File just state taxes online free The maximum amount you can claim is $20,000 ($10,000 if you are married filing separately) reduced by any expected state insurance proceeds. File just state taxes online free Your loss is subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. File just state taxes online free You cannot choose to claim an ordinary loss if any part of the deposit is federally insured. File just state taxes online free Nonbusiness bad debt. File just state taxes online free   If you do not choose to deduct the loss as a casualty loss or as an ordinary loss, you must wait until the year the actual loss is determined and deduct the loss as a nonbusiness bad debt in that year. File just state taxes online free How to report. File just state taxes online free   The kind of deduction you choose for your loss on deposits determines how you report your loss. File just state taxes online free If you choose: Casualty loss — report it on Form 4684 first and then on Schedule A (Form 1040). File just state taxes online free Ordinary loss — report it on Schedule A (Form 1040) as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. File just state taxes online free Nonbusiness bad debt — report it on Form 8949 first and then on Schedule D (Form 1040). File just state taxes online free More information. File just state taxes online free   For more information, see Special Treatment for Losses on Deposits in Insolvent or Bankrupt Financial Institutions in the Instructions for Form 4684 or Deposit in Insolvent or Bankrupt Financial Institution in Publication 550. File just state taxes online free Proof of Loss To deduct a casualty or theft loss, you must be able to prove that you had a casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free You also must be able to support the amount you take as a deduction. File just state taxes online free Casualty loss proof. File just state taxes online free   For a casualty loss, your records should show all the following. File just state taxes online free The type of casualty (car accident, fire, storm, etc. File just state taxes online free ) and when it occurred. File just state taxes online free That the loss was a direct result of the casualty. File just state taxes online free That you were the owner of the property or, if you leased the property from someone else, that you were contractually liable to the owner for the damage. File just state taxes online free Whether a claim for reimbursement exists for which there is a reasonable expectation of recovery. File just state taxes online free Theft loss proof. File just state taxes online free   For a theft loss, your records should show all the following. File just state taxes online free When you discovered that your property was missing. File just state taxes online free That your property was stolen. File just state taxes online free That you were the owner of the property. File just state taxes online free Whether a claim for reimbursement exists for which there is a reasonable expectation of recovery. File just state taxes online free It is important that you have records that will prove your deduction. File just state taxes online free If you do not have the actual records to support your deduction, you can use other satisfactory evidence to support it. File just state taxes online free Figuring a Loss Figure the amount of your loss using the following steps. File just state taxes online free Determine your adjusted basis in the property before the casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free Determine the decrease in fair market value of the property as a result of the casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free From the smaller of the amounts you determined in (1) and (2), subtract any insurance or other reimbursement you received or expect to receive. File just state taxes online free For personal-use property and property used in performing services as an employee, apply the deduction limits, discussed later, to determine the amount of your deductible loss. File just state taxes online free Gain from reimbursement. File just state taxes online free   If your reimbursement is more than your adjusted basis in the property, you have a gain. File just state taxes online free This is true even if the decrease in the FMV of the property is smaller than your adjusted basis. File just state taxes online free If you have a gain, you may have to pay tax on it, or you may be able to postpone reporting the gain. File just state taxes online free See Publication 547 for more information on how to treat a gain from a reimbursement for a casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free Leased property. File just state taxes online free   If you are liable for casualty damage to property you lease, your loss is the amount you must pay to repair the property minus any insurance or other reimbursement you receive or expect to receive. File just state taxes online free Decrease in Fair Market Value Fair market value (FMV) is the price for which you could sell your property to a willing buyer when neither of you has to sell or buy and both of you know all the relevant facts. File just state taxes online free The decrease in FMV used to figure the amount of a casualty or theft loss is the difference between the property's fair market value immediately before and immediately after the casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free FMV of stolen property. File just state taxes online free   The FMV of property immediately after a theft is considered to be zero, since you no longer have the property. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free Several years ago, you purchased silver dollars at face value for $150. File just state taxes online free This is your adjusted basis in the property. File just state taxes online free Your silver dollars were stolen this year. File just state taxes online free The FMV of the coins was $1,000 just before they were stolen, and insurance did not cover them. File just state taxes online free Your theft loss is $150. File just state taxes online free Recovered stolen property. File just state taxes online free   Recovered stolen property is your property that was stolen and later returned to you. File just state taxes online free If you recovered property after you had already taken a theft loss deduction, you must refigure your loss using the smaller of the property's adjusted basis (explained later) or the decrease in FMV from the time just before it was stolen until the time it was recovered. File just state taxes online free Use this amount to refigure your total loss for the year in which the loss was deducted. File just state taxes online free   If your refigured loss is less than the loss you deducted, you generally have to report the difference as income in the recovery year. File just state taxes online free But report the difference only up to the amount of the loss that reduced your tax. File just state taxes online free For more information on the amount to report, see Recoveries in chapter 12. File just state taxes online free Figuring Decrease in FMV— Items To Consider To figure the decrease in FMV because of a casualty or theft, you generally need a competent appraisal. File just state taxes online free However, other measures can also be used to establish certain decreases. File just state taxes online free Appraisal. File just state taxes online free   An appraisal to determine the difference between the FMV of the property immediately before a casualty or theft and immediately afterward should be made by a competent appraiser. File just state taxes online free The appraiser must recognize the effects of any general market decline that may occur along with the casualty. File just state taxes online free This information is needed to limit any deduction to the actual loss resulting from damage to the property. File just state taxes online free   Several factors are important in evaluating the accuracy of an appraisal, including the following. File just state taxes online free The appraiser's familiarity with your property before and after the casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free The appraiser's knowledge of sales of comparable property in the area. File just state taxes online free The appraiser's knowledge of conditions in the area of the casualty. File just state taxes online free The appraiser's method of appraisal. File just state taxes online free    You may be able to use an appraisal that you used to get a federal loan (or a federal loan guarantee) as the result of a federally declared disaster to establish the amount of your disaster loss. File just state taxes online free For more information on disasters, see Disaster Area Losses, in Pub. File just state taxes online free 547. File just state taxes online free Cost of cleaning up or making repairs. File just state taxes online free   The cost of repairing damaged property is not part of a casualty loss. File just state taxes online free Neither is the cost of cleaning up after a casualty. File just state taxes online free But you can use the cost of cleaning up or making repairs after a casualty as a measure of the decrease in FMV if you meet all the following conditions. File just state taxes online free The repairs are actually made. File just state taxes online free The repairs are necessary to bring the property back to its condition before the casualty. File just state taxes online free The amount spent for repairs is not excessive. File just state taxes online free The repairs take care of the damage only. File just state taxes online free The value of the property after the repairs is not, due to the repairs, more than the value of the property before the casualty. File just state taxes online free Landscaping. File just state taxes online free   The cost of restoring landscaping to its original condition after a casualty may indicate the decrease in FMV. File just state taxes online free You may be able to measure your loss by what you spend on the following. File just state taxes online free Removing destroyed or damaged trees and shrubs minus any salvage you receive. File just state taxes online free Pruning and other measures taken to preserve damaged trees and shrubs. File just state taxes online free Replanting necessary to restore the property to its approximate value before the casualty. File just state taxes online free Car value. File just state taxes online free    Books issued by various automobile organizations that list your car may be useful in figuring the value of your car. File just state taxes online free You can use the book's retail values and modify them by such factors as mileage and the condition of your car to figure its value. File just state taxes online free The prices are not official, but they may be useful in determining value and suggesting relative prices for comparison with current sales and offerings in your area. File just state taxes online free If your car is not listed in the books, determine its value from other sources. File just state taxes online free A dealer's offer for your car as a trade-in on a new car is not usually a measure of its true value. File just state taxes online free Figuring Decrease in FMV— Items Not To Consider You generally should not consider the following items when attempting to establish the decrease in FMV of your property. File just state taxes online free Cost of protection. File just state taxes online free   The cost of protecting your property against a casualty or theft is not part of a casualty or theft loss. File just state taxes online free The amount you spend on insurance or to board up your house against a storm is not part of your loss. File just state taxes online free   If you make permanent improvements to your property to protect it against a casualty or theft, add the cost of these improvements to your basis in the property. File just state taxes online free An example would be the cost of a dike to prevent flooding. File just state taxes online free Exception. File just state taxes online free   You cannot increase your basis in the property by, or deduct as a business expense, any expenditures you made with respect to qualified disaster mitigation payments. File just state taxes online free See Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Incidental expenses. File just state taxes online free   Any incidental expenses you have due to a casualty or theft, such as expenses for the treatment of personal injuries, for temporary housing, or for a rental car, are not part of your casualty or theft loss. File just state taxes online free Replacement cost. File just state taxes online free   The cost of replacing stolen or destroyed property is not part of a casualty or theft loss. File just state taxes online free Sentimental value. File just state taxes online free   Do not consider sentimental value when determining your loss. File just state taxes online free If a family portrait, heirloom, or keepsake is damaged, destroyed, or stolen, you must base your loss on its FMV, as limited by your adjusted basis in the property. File just state taxes online free Decline in market value of property in or near casualty area. File just state taxes online free   A decrease in the value of your property because it is in or near an area that suffered a casualty, or that might again suffer a casualty, is not to be taken into consideration. File just state taxes online free You have a loss only for actual casualty damage to your property. File just state taxes online free However, if your home is in a federally declared disaster area, see Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Costs of photographs and appraisals. File just state taxes online free    Photographs taken after a casualty will be helpful in establishing the condition and value of the property after it was damaged. File just state taxes online free Photographs showing the condition of the property after it was repaired, restored, or replaced may also be helpful. File just state taxes online free    Appraisals are used to figure the decrease in FMV because of a casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free See Appraisal , earlier, under Figuring Decrease in FMV — Items To Consider, for information about appraisals. File just state taxes online free   The costs of photographs and appraisals used as evidence of the value and condition of property damaged as a result of a casualty are not a part of the loss. File just state taxes online free You can claim these costs as a miscellaneous itemized deduction subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit on Schedule A (Form 1040). File just state taxes online free For information about miscellaneous deductions, see chapter 28. File just state taxes online free Adjusted Basis Adjusted basis is your basis in the property (usually cost) increased or decreased by various events, such as improvements and casualty losses. File just state taxes online free For more information, see chapter 13. File just state taxes online free Insurance and Other Reimbursements If you receive an insurance payment or other type of reimbursement, you must subtract the reimbursement when you figure your loss. File just state taxes online free You do not have a casualty or theft loss to the extent you are reimbursed. File just state taxes online free If you expect to be reimbursed for part or all of your loss, you must subtract the expected reimbursement when you figure your loss. File just state taxes online free You must reduce your loss even if you do not receive payment until a later tax year. File just state taxes online free See Reimbursement Received After Deducting Loss , later. File just state taxes online free Failure to file a claim for reimbursement. File just state taxes online free   If your property is covered by insurance, you must file a timely insurance claim for reimbursement of your loss. File just state taxes online free Otherwise, you cannot deduct this loss as a casualty or theft loss. File just state taxes online free However, this rule does not apply to the portion of the loss not covered by insurance (for example, a deductible). File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free You have a car insurance policy with a $1,000 deductible. File just state taxes online free Because your insurance did not cover the first $1,000 of an auto collision, the $1,000 would be deductible (subject to the deduction limits discussed later). File just state taxes online free This is true even if you do not file an insurance claim, because your insurance policy would never have reimbursed you for the deductible. File just state taxes online free Types of Reimbursements The most common type of reimbursement is an insurance payment for your stolen or damaged property. File just state taxes online free Other types of reimbursements are discussed next. File just state taxes online free Also see the Instructions for Form 4684. File just state taxes online free Employer's emergency disaster fund. File just state taxes online free   If you receive money from your employer's emergency disaster fund and you must use that money to rehabilitate or replace property on which you are claiming a casualty loss deduction, you must take that money into consideration in computing the casualty loss deduction. File just state taxes online free Take into consideration only the amount you used to replace your destroyed or damaged property. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free Your home was extensively damaged by a tornado. File just state taxes online free Your loss after reimbursement from your insurance company was $10,000. File just state taxes online free Your employer set up a disaster relief fund for its employees. File just state taxes online free Employees receiving money from the fund had to use it to rehabilitate or replace their damaged or destroyed property. File just state taxes online free You received $4,000 from the fund and spent the entire amount on repairs to your home. File just state taxes online free In figuring your casualty loss, you must reduce your unreimbursed loss ($10,000) by the $4,000 you received from your employer's fund. File just state taxes online free Your casualty loss before applying the deduction limits discussed later is $6,000. File just state taxes online free Cash gifts. File just state taxes online free   If you receive excludable cash gifts as a disaster victim and there are no limits on how you can use the money, you do not reduce your casualty loss by these excludable cash gifts. File just state taxes online free This applies even if you use the money to pay for repairs to property damaged in the disaster. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free Your home was damaged by a hurricane. File just state taxes online free Relatives and neighbors made cash gifts to you that were excludable from your income. File just state taxes online free You used part of the cash gifts to pay for repairs to your home. File just state taxes online free There were no limits or restrictions on how you could use the cash gifts. File just state taxes online free Because it was an excludable gift, the money you received and used to pay for repairs to your home does not reduce your casualty loss on the damaged home. File just state taxes online free Insurance payments for living expenses. File just state taxes online free   You do not reduce your casualty loss by insurance payments you receive to cover living expenses in either of the following situations. File just state taxes online free You lose the use of your main home because of a casualty. File just state taxes online free Government authorities do not allow you access to your main home because of a casualty or threat of one. File just state taxes online free Inclusion in income. File just state taxes online free   If these insurance payments are more than the temporary increase in your living expenses, you must include the excess in your income. File just state taxes online free Report this amount on Form 1040, line 21. File just state taxes online free However, if the casualty occurs in a federally declared disaster area, none of the insurance payments are taxable. File just state taxes online free See Qualified disaster relief payments, under Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free   A temporary increase in your living expenses is the difference between the actual living expenses you and your family incurred during the period you could not use your home and your normal living expenses for that period. File just state taxes online free Actual living expenses are the reasonable and necessary expenses incurred because of the loss of your main home. File just state taxes online free Generally, these expenses include the amounts you pay for the following. File just state taxes online free Rent for suitable housing. File just state taxes online free Transportation. File just state taxes online free Food. File just state taxes online free Utilities. File just state taxes online free Miscellaneous services. File just state taxes online free Normal living expenses consist of these same expenses that you would have incurred but did not because of the casualty or the threat of one. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free As a result of a fire, you vacated your apartment for a month and moved to a motel. File just state taxes online free You normally pay $525 a month for rent. File just state taxes online free None was charged for the month the apartment was vacated. File just state taxes online free Your motel rent for this month was $1,200. File just state taxes online free You normally pay $200 a month for food. File just state taxes online free Your food expenses for the month you lived in the motel were $400. File just state taxes online free You received $1,100 from your insurance company to cover your living expenses. File just state taxes online free You determine the payment you must include in income as follows. File just state taxes online free 1) Insurance payment for living expenses $1,100 2) Actual expenses during the month you are unable to use your home because of fire 1,600   3) Normal living expenses 725   4) Temporary increase in living  expenses: Subtract line 3 from line 2 875 5) Amount of payment includible  in income: Subtract line 4  from line 1 $ 225 Tax year of inclusion. File just state taxes online free   You include the taxable part of the insurance payment in income for the year you regain the use of your main home or, if later, for the year you receive the taxable part of the insurance payment. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free Your main home was destroyed by a tornado in August 2011. File just state taxes online free You regained use of your home in November 2012. File just state taxes online free The insurance payments you received in 2011 and 2012 were $1,500 more than the temporary increase in your living expenses during those years. File just state taxes online free You include this amount in income on your 2012 Form 1040. File just state taxes online free If, in 2013, you receive further payments to cover the living expenses you had in 2011 and 2012, you must include those payments in income on your 2013 Form 1040. File just state taxes online free Disaster relief. File just state taxes online free   Food, medical supplies, and other forms of assistance you receive do not reduce your casualty loss unless they are replacements for lost or destroyed property. File just state taxes online free Qualified disaster relief payments you receive for expenses you incurred as a result of a federally declared disaster are not taxable income to you. File just state taxes online free For more information, see Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Disaster unemployment assistance payments are unemployment benefits that are taxable. File just state taxes online free Generally, disaster relief grants and qualified disaster mitigation payments made under the Robert T. File just state taxes online free Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act or the National Flood Insurance Act (as in effect on April 15, 2005) are not includible in your income. File just state taxes online free See Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Reimbursement Received After Deducting Loss If you figured your casualty or theft loss using your expected reimbursement, you may have to adjust your tax return for the tax year in which you receive your actual reimbursement. File just state taxes online free This section explains the adjustment you may have to make. File just state taxes online free Actual reimbursement less than expected. File just state taxes online free   If you later receive less reimbursement than you expected, include that difference as a loss with your other losses (if any) on your return for the year in which you can reasonably expect no more reimbursement. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free Your personal car had an FMV of $2,000 when it was destroyed in a collision with another car in 2012. File just state taxes online free The accident was due to the negligence of the other driver. File just state taxes online free At the end of 2012, there was a reasonable prospect that the owner of the other car would reimburse you in full. File just state taxes online free You did not have a deductible loss in 2012. File just state taxes online free In January 2013, the court awarded you a judgment of $2,000. File just state taxes online free However, in July it became apparent that you will be unable to collect any amount from the other driver. File just state taxes online free You can deduct the loss in 2013 subject to the limits discussed later. File just state taxes online free Actual reimbursement more than expected. File just state taxes online free   If you later receive more reimbursement than you expected after you claimed a deduction for the loss, you may have to include the extra reimbursement in your income for the year you receive it. File just state taxes online free However, if any part of the original deduction did not reduce your tax for the earlier year, do not include that part of the reimbursement in your income. File just state taxes online free You do not refigure your tax for the year you claimed the deduction. File just state taxes online free For more information, see Recoveries in chapter 12. File just state taxes online free If the total of all the reimbursements you receive is more than your adjusted basis in the destroyed or stolen property, you will have a gain on the casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free If you have already taken a deduction for a loss and you receive the reimbursement in a later year, you may have to include the gain in your income for the later year. File just state taxes online free Include the gain as ordinary income up to the amount of your deduction that reduced your tax for the earlier year. File just state taxes online free See Figuring a Gain in Publication 547 for more information on how to treat a gain from the reimbursement of a casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free Actual reimbursement same as expected. File just state taxes online free   If you receive exactly the reimbursement you expected to receive, you do not have to include any of the reimbursement in your income and you cannot deduct any additional loss. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free In December 2013, you had a collision while driving your personal car. File just state taxes online free Repairs to the car cost $950. File just state taxes online free You had $100 deductible collision insurance. File just state taxes online free Your insurance company agreed to reimburse you for the rest of the damage. File just state taxes online free Because you expected a reimbursement from the insurance company, you did not have a casualty loss deduction in 2013. File just state taxes online free Due to the $100 rule (discussed later under Deduction Limits ), you cannot deduct the $100 you paid as the deductible. File just state taxes online free When you receive the $850 from the insurance company in 2014, do not report it as income. File just state taxes online free Single Casualty on Multiple Properties Personal property. File just state taxes online free   Personal property is any property that is not real property. File just state taxes online free If your personal property is stolen or is damaged or destroyed by a casualty, you must figure your loss separately for each item of property. File just state taxes online free Then combine these separate losses to figure the total loss from that casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free A fire in your home destroyed an upholstered chair, an oriental rug, and an antique table. File just state taxes online free You did not have fire insurance to cover your loss. File just state taxes online free (This was the only casualty or theft you had during the year. File just state taxes online free ) You paid $750 for the chair and you established that it had an FMV of $500 just before the fire. File just state taxes online free The rug cost $3,000 and had an FMV of $2,500 just before the fire. File just state taxes online free You bought the table at an auction for $100 before discovering it was an antique. File just state taxes online free It had been appraised at $900 before the fire. File just state taxes online free You figure your loss on each of these items as follows:     Chair Rug Table 1) Basis (cost) $750 $3,000 $100 2) FMV before fire $500 $2,500 $900 3) FMV after fire –0– –0– –0– 4) Decrease in FMV $500 $2,500 $900 5) Loss (smaller of (1) or  (4)) $500 $2,500 $100           6) Total loss     $3,100 Real property. File just state taxes online free   In figuring a casualty loss on personal-use real property, treat the entire property (including any improvements, such as buildings, trees, and shrubs) as one item. File just state taxes online free Figure the loss using the smaller of the adjusted basis or the decrease in FMV of the entire property. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free You bought your home a few years ago. File just state taxes online free You paid $160,000 ($20,000 for the land and $140,000 for the house). File just state taxes online free You also spent $2,000 for landscaping. File just state taxes online free This year a fire destroyed your home. File just state taxes online free The fire also damaged the shrubbery and trees in your yard. File just state taxes online free The fire was your only casualty or theft loss this year. File just state taxes online free Competent appraisers valued the property as a whole at $200,000 before the fire, but only $30,000 after the fire. File just state taxes online free (The loss to your household furnishings is not shown in this example. File just state taxes online free It would be figured separately on each item, as explained earlier under Personal property . File just state taxes online free ) Shortly after the fire, the insurance company paid you $155,000 for the loss. File just state taxes online free You figure your casualty loss as follows: 1) Adjusted basis of the entire property (land, building, and landscaping) $162,000 2) FMV of entire property before fire $200,000 3) FMV of entire property after fire 30,000 4) Decrease in FMV of entire  property $170,000 5) Loss (smaller of (1) or (4)) $162,000 6) Subtract insurance 155,000 7) Amount of loss after reimbursement $7,000 Deduction Limits After you have figured your casualty or theft loss, you must figure how much of the loss you can deduct. File just state taxes online free If the loss was to property for your personal use or your family's use, there are two limits on the amount you can deduct for your casualty or theft loss. File just state taxes online free You must reduce each casualty or theft loss by $100 ($100 rule). File just state taxes online free You must further reduce the total of all your casualty or theft losses by 10% of your adjusted gross income (10% rule). File just state taxes online free You make these reductions on Form 4684. File just state taxes online free These rules are explained next and Table 25-1 summarizes how to apply the $100 rule and the 10% rule in various situations. File just state taxes online free For more detailed explanations and examples, see Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Table 25-1. File just state taxes online free How To Apply the Deduction Limits for Personal-Use Property   $100 Rule 10% Rule General Application You must reduce each casualty or theft loss by $100 when figuring your deduction. File just state taxes online free Apply this rule after you have figured the amount of your loss. File just state taxes online free You must reduce your total casualty or theft loss by 10% of your adjusted gross income. File just state taxes online free Apply this rule after you reduce each loss by $100 (the $100 rule). File just state taxes online free Single Event Apply this rule only once, even if many pieces of property are affected. File just state taxes online free Apply this rule only once, even if many pieces of property are affected. File just state taxes online free More Than One Event Apply to the loss from each event. File just state taxes online free Apply to the total of all your losses from all events. File just state taxes online free More Than One Person— With Loss From the Same Event (other than a married couple filing jointly) Apply separately to each person. File just state taxes online free Apply separately to each person. File just state taxes online free Married Couple—With Loss From the Same Event Filing Jointly Apply as if you were one person. File just state taxes online free Apply as if you were one person. File just state taxes online free Filing Separately Apply separately to each spouse. File just state taxes online free Apply separately to each spouse. File just state taxes online free More Than One Owner (other than a married couple filing jointly) Apply separately to each owner of jointly owned property. File just state taxes online free Apply separately to each owner of jointly owned property. File just state taxes online free Property used partly for business and partly for personal purposes. File just state taxes online free   When property is used partly for personal purposes and partly for business or income-producing purposes, the casualty or theft loss deduction must be figured separately for the personal-use part and for the business or income-producing part. File just state taxes online free You must figure each loss separately because the $100 rule and the 10% rule apply only to the loss on the personal-use part of the property. File just state taxes online free $100 Rule After you have figured your casualty or theft loss on personal-use property, you must reduce that loss by $100. File just state taxes online free This reduction applies to each total casualty or theft loss. File just state taxes online free It does not matter how many pieces of property are involved in an event. File just state taxes online free Only a single $100 reduction applies. File just state taxes online free Example. File just state taxes online free A hailstorm damages your home and your car. File just state taxes online free Determine the amount of loss, as discussed earlier, for each of these items. File just state taxes online free Since the losses are due to a single event, you combine the losses and reduce the combined amount by $100. File just state taxes online free Single event. File just state taxes online free   Generally, events closely related in origin cause a single casualty. File just state taxes online free It is a single casualty when the damage is from two or more closely related causes, such as wind and flood damage caused by the same storm. File just state taxes online free 10% Rule You must reduce the total of all your casualty or theft losses on personal-use property by 10% of your adjusted gross income. File just state taxes online free Apply this rule after you reduce each loss by $100. File just state taxes online free For more information, see the Form 4684 instructions. File just state taxes online free If you have both gains and losses from casualties or thefts, see Gains and losses , later in this discussion. File just state taxes online free Example 1. File just state taxes online free In June, you discovered that your house had been burglarized. File just state taxes online free Your loss after insurance reimbursement was $2,000. File just state taxes online free Your adjusted gross income for the year you discovered the theft is $29,500. File just state taxes online free You first apply the $100 rule and then the 10% rule. File just state taxes online free Figure your theft loss deduction as follows. File just state taxes online free 1) Loss after insurance $2,000 2) Subtract $100 100 3) Loss after $100 rule $1,900 4) Subtract 10% × $29,500 AGI 2,950 5) Theft loss deduction –0– You do not have a theft loss deduction because your loss after you apply the $100 rule ($1,900) is less than 10% of your adjusted gross income ($2,950). File just state taxes online free Example 2. File just state taxes online free In March, you had a car accident that totally destroyed your car. File just state taxes online free You did not have collision insurance on your car, so you did not receive any insurance reimbursement. File just state taxes online free Your loss on the car was $1,800. File just state taxes online free In November, a fire damaged your basement and totally destroyed the furniture, washer, dryer, and other items stored there. File just state taxes online free Your loss on the basement items after reimbursement was $2,100. File just state taxes online free Your adjusted gross income for the year that the accident and fire occurred is $25,000. File just state taxes online free You figure your casualty loss deduction as follows. File just state taxes online free       Base-     Car ment 1) Loss $1,800 $2,100 2) Subtract $100 per incident 100 100 3) Loss after $100 rule $1,700 $2,000 4) Total loss $3,700 5) Subtract 10% × $25,000 AGI 2,500 6) Casualty loss deduction $1,200 Gains and losses. File just state taxes online free   If you had both gains and losses from casualties or thefts to personal-use property, you must compare your total gains to your total losses. File just state taxes online free Do this after you have reduced each loss by any reimbursements and by $100, but before you have reduced the losses by 10% of your adjusted gross income. File just state taxes online free Casualty or theft gains do not include gains you choose to postpone. File just state taxes online free See Publication 547 for information on the postponement of gain. File just state taxes online free Losses more than gains. File just state taxes online free   If your losses are more than your recognized gains, subtract your gains from your losses and reduce the result by 10% of your adjusted gross income. File just state taxes online free The rest, if any, is your deductible loss from personal-use property. File just state taxes online free Gains more than losses. File just state taxes online free   If your recognized gains are more than your losses, subtract your losses from your gains. File just state taxes online free The difference is treated as capital gain and must be reported on Schedule D (Form 1040). File just state taxes online free The 10% rule does not apply to your gains. File just state taxes online free When To Report Gains and Losses Gains. File just state taxes online free   If you receive an insurance or other reimbursement that is more than your adjusted basis in the destroyed or stolen property, you have a gain from the casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free You must include this gain in your income in the year you receive the reimbursement, unless you choose to postpone reporting the gain as explained in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free If you have a loss, see Table 25-2 . File just state taxes online free Table 25-2. File just state taxes online free When To Deduct a Loss IF you have a loss. File just state taxes online free . File just state taxes online free . File just state taxes online free THEN deduct it in the year. File just state taxes online free . File just state taxes online free . File just state taxes online free from a casualty, the loss occurred. File just state taxes online free in a federally declared disaster area, the disaster occurred or the year immediately before the disaster. File just state taxes online free from a theft, the theft was discovered. File just state taxes online free on a deposit treated as a:   • casualty or any ordinary loss, a reasonable estimate can be made. File just state taxes online free • bad debt, deposits are totally worthless. File just state taxes online free Losses. File just state taxes online free   Generally, you can deduct a casualty loss that is not reimbursable only in the tax year in which the casualty occurred. File just state taxes online free This is true even if you do not repair or replace the damaged property until a later year. File just state taxes online free   You can deduct theft losses that are not reimbursable only in the year you discover your property was stolen. File just state taxes online free   If you are not sure whether part of your casualty or theft loss will be reimbursed, do not deduct that part until the tax year when you become reasonably certain that it will not be reimbursed. File just state taxes online free Loss on deposits. File just state taxes online free   If your loss is a loss on deposits in an insolvent or bankrupt financial institution, see Loss on Deposits , earlier. File just state taxes online free Disaster Area Loss You generally must deduct a casualty loss in the year it occurred. File just state taxes online free However, if you have a casualty loss from a federally declared disaster that occurred in an area warranting public or individual assistance (or both), you can choose to deduct the loss on your tax return or amended return for either of the following years. File just state taxes online free The year the disaster occurred. File just state taxes online free The year immediately preceding the year the disaster occurred. File just state taxes online free Gains. File just state taxes online free    Special rules apply if you choose to postpone reporting gain on property damaged or destroyed in a federally declared disaster area. File just state taxes online free For those special rules, see Publication 547. File just state taxes online free Postponed tax deadlines. File just state taxes online free   The IRS may postpone for up to 1 year certain tax deadlines of taxpayers who are affected by a federally declared disaster. File just state taxes online free The tax deadlines the IRS may postpone include those for filing income and employment tax returns, paying income and employment taxes, and making contributions to a traditional IRA or Roth IRA. File just state taxes online free   If any tax deadline is postponed, the IRS will publicize the postponement in your area by publishing a news release, revenue ruling, revenue procedure, notice, announcement, or other guidance in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (IRB). File just state taxes online free Go to www. File just state taxes online free irs. File just state taxes online free gov/uac/Tax-Relief-in-Disaster-Situations to find out if a tax deadline has been postponed for your area. File just state taxes online free Who is eligible. File just state taxes online free   If the IRS postpones a tax deadline, the following taxpayers are eligible for the postponement. File just state taxes online free Any individual whose main home is located in a covered disaster area (defined next). File just state taxes online free Any business entity or sole proprietor whose principal place of business is located in a covered disaster area. File just state taxes online free Any individual who is a relief worker affiliated with a recognized government or philanthropic organization who is assisting in a covered disaster area. File just state taxes online free Any individual, business entity, or sole proprietorship whose records are needed to meet a postponed tax deadline, provided those records are maintained in a covered disaster area. File just state taxes online free The main home or principal place of business does not have to be located in the covered disaster area. File just state taxes online free Any estate or trust that has tax records necessary to meet a postponed tax deadline, provided those records are maintained in a covered disaster area. File just state taxes online free The spouse on a joint return with a taxpayer who is eligible for postponements. File just state taxes online free Any individual, business entity, or sole proprietorship not located in a covered disaster area, but whose records necessary to meet a postponed tax deadline are located in the covered disaster area. File just state taxes online free Any individual visiting the covered disaster area who was killed or injured as a result of the disaster. File just state taxes online free Any other person determined by the IRS to be affected by a federally declared disaster. File just state taxes online free Covered disaster area. File just state taxes online free   This is an area of a federally declared disaster in which the IRS has decided to postpone tax deadlines for up to 1 year. File just state taxes online free Abatement of interest and penalties. File just state taxes online free   The IRS may abate the interest and penalties on underpaid income tax for the length of any postponement of tax deadlines. File just state taxes online free More information. File just state taxes online free   For more information, see Disaster Area Losses in Publication 547. File just state taxes online free How To Report Gains and Losses Use Form 4684 to report a gain or a deductible loss from a casualty or theft. File just state taxes online free If you have more than one casualty or theft, use a separate Form 4684 to determine your gain or loss for each event. File just state taxes online free Combine the gains and losses on one Form 4684. File just state taxes online free Follow the form instructions as to which lines to fill out. File just state taxes online free In addition, you must use the appropriate schedule to report a gain or loss. File just state taxes online free The schedule you use depends on whether you have a gain or loss. File just state taxes online free If you have a: Report it on: Gain Schedule D (Form 1040) Loss Schedule A (Form 1040) Adjustments to basis. File just state taxes online free   If you have a casualty or theft loss, you must decrease your basis in the property by any insurance or other reimbursement you receive, and by any deductible loss. File just state taxes online free Amounts you spend to restore your property after a casualty increase your adjusted basis. File just state taxes online free See Adjusted Basis in chapter 13 for more information. File just state taxes online free Net operating loss (NOL). File just state taxes online free    If your casualty or theft loss deduction causes your deductions for the year to be more than your income for the year, you may have an NOL. File just state taxes online free You can use an NOL to lower your tax in an earlier year, allowing you to get a refund for tax you have already paid. File just state taxes online free Or, you can use it to lower your tax in a later year. File just state taxes online free You do not have to be in business to have an NOL from a casualty or theft loss. File just state taxes online free For more information, see Publication 536, Net Operating Losses (NOLs) for Individuals, Estates, and Trusts. File just state taxes online free Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications