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File free tax return 1. File free tax return   Investment Income Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: General InformationSSN for joint account. File free tax return Custodian account for your child. File free tax return Penalty for failure to supply SSN. File free tax return Certification. File free tax return Underreported interest and dividends. File free tax return How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. File free tax return How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. File free tax return Reporting backup withholding. File free tax return Nonresident aliens. File free tax return Penalties. File free tax return Savings account with parent as trustee. File free tax return Interest IncomeInterest not reported on Form 1099-INT. File free tax return Nominees. File free tax return Incorrect amount. File free tax return Information reporting requirement. File free tax return Taxable Interest — General Below-Market Loans U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Savings Bonds U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates Insurance State or Local Government Obligations Discount on Debt InstrumentsOriginal Issue Discount (OID) Market Discount Bonds Discount on Short-Term Obligations Election To Report All Interest as OID When To Report Interest IncomeConstructive receipt. File free tax return How To Report Interest IncomeSchedule B (Form 1040A or 1040). File free tax return Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. File free tax return File Form 1099-INT with the IRS. File free tax return Dividends and Other DistributionsDividends not reported on Form 1099-DIV. File free tax return Nominees. File free tax return Ordinary Dividends Capital Gain Distributions Nondividend Distributions Liquidating Distributions Distributions of Stock and Stock Rights Other Distributions How To Report Dividend IncomeElection. File free tax return Independent contractor. File free tax return Investment interest deducted. File free tax return Exception 1. File free tax return Exception 2. File free tax return Undistributed capital gains. File free tax return File Form 1099-DIV with the IRS. File free tax return Stripped Preferred Stock REMICs, FASITs, and Other CDOsREMICs Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDOs) FASITs S CorporationsLimit on losses and deductions. File free tax return Passive activity losses. File free tax return Form 8582. File free tax return Investment ClubsInvestments in name of member. File free tax return Tax Treatment of the Club Topics - This chapter discusses: Interest Income , Discount on Debt Instruments , When To Report Interest Income , How To Report Interest Income , Dividends and Other Distributions , How To Report Dividend Income , Stripped Preferred Stock , Real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs), financial asset securitization investment trusts (FASITs), and other collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) , S Corporations , and Investment Clubs . File free tax return Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income 537 Installment Sales 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 1212 Guide to Original Issue Discount (OID) Instruments Form (and Instructions) Schedule B (Form 1040A or 1040) Interest and Ordinary Dividends Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 1040 U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Individual Income Tax Return 1040A U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Individual Income Tax Return 1040EZ Income Tax Return for Single and Joint Filers With No Dependents 1099 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns 2439 Notice to Shareholder of Undistributed Long-Term Capital Gains 3115 Application for Change in Accounting Method 6251 Alternative Minimum Tax — Individuals 8582 Passive Activity Loss Limitations 8615 Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income 8814 Parents' Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends 8815 Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8818 Optional Form To Record Redemption of Series EE and I U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8824 Like-Kind Exchanges 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets 8960 Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for information about getting these publications and forms. File free tax return General Information A few items of general interest are covered here. File free tax return Recordkeeping. File free tax return You should keep a list showing sources and investment income amounts you receive during the year. File free tax return Also keep the forms you receive showing your investment income (Forms 1099-INT, Interest Income, and 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions, for example) as an important part of your records. File free tax return Net investment income tax (NIIT). File free tax return   Beginning in 2013, you may be subject to the NIIT. File free tax return The NIIT is a 3. File free tax return 8% tax on the lesser of your net investment income or the amount of your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) that is over a threshold amount based on your filing status. File free tax return    Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household (with qualifying person) $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) with dependent child $250,000    For more information, see Form 8960 and Instructions for Form 8960. File free tax return Tax on unearned income of certain children. File free tax return   Part of a child's 2013 unearned income may be taxed at the parent's tax rate. File free tax return This may happen if all of the following are true. File free tax return The child had more than $2,000 of unearned income. File free tax return The child is required to file a tax return. File free tax return The child was: Under age 18 at the end of 2013, Age 18 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support, or A full-time student over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support. File free tax return At least one of the child's parents was alive at the end of 2013. File free tax return The child does not file a joint return for 2013. File free tax return A child born on January 1, 1996, is considered to be age 18 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1995, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1990, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2013. File free tax return   If all of these statements are true, Form 8615 must be completed and attached to the child's tax return. File free tax return If any of these statements is not true, Form 8615 is not required and the child's income is taxed at his or her own tax rate. File free tax return    However, the parent can choose to include the child's interest and dividends on the parent's return if certain requirements are met. File free tax return Use Form 8814 for this purpose. File free tax return   For more information about the tax on unearned income of children and the parents' election, see Publication 929, Tax Rules for Children and Dependents. File free tax return Beneficiary of an estate or trust. File free tax return   Interest, dividends, and other investment income you receive as a beneficiary of an estate or trust is generally taxable income. File free tax return You should receive a Schedule K-1 (Form 1041), Beneficiary's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. File free tax return , from the fiduciary. File free tax return Your copy of Schedule K-1 (Form 1041) and its instructions will tell you where to report the income on your Form 1040. File free tax return Social security number (SSN). File free tax return   You must give your name and SSN or individual tax identification number (ITIN) to any person required by federal tax law to make a return, statement, or other document that relates to you. File free tax return This includes payers of interest and dividends. File free tax return If you do not give your SSN or ITIN to the payer of interest, you may have to pay a penalty. File free tax return SSN for joint account. File free tax return   If the funds in a joint account belong to one person, list that person's name first on the account and give that person's SSN to the payer. File free tax return (For information on who owns the funds in a joint account, see Joint accounts , later. File free tax return ) If the joint account contains combined funds, give the SSN of the person whose name is listed first on the account. File free tax return This is because only one name and SSN can be shown on Form 1099. File free tax return   These rules apply both to joint ownership by a married couple and to joint ownership by other individuals. File free tax return For example, if you open a joint savings account with your child using funds belonging to the child, list the child's name first on the account and give the child's SSN. File free tax return Custodian account for your child. File free tax return   If your child is the actual owner of an account that is recorded in your name as custodian for the child, give the child's SSN to the payer. File free tax return For example, you must give your child's SSN to the payer of dividends on stock owned by your child, even though the dividends are paid to you as custodian. File free tax return Penalty for failure to supply SSN. File free tax return   You will be subject to a penalty if, when required, you fail to: Include your SSN on any return, statement, or other document, Give your SSN to another person who must include it on any return, statement, or other document, or Include the SSN of another person on any return, statement, or other document. File free tax return The penalty is $50 for each failure up to a maximum penalty of $100,000 for any calendar year. File free tax return   You will not be subject to this penalty if you can show that your failure to provide the SSN was due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. File free tax return   If you fail to supply an SSN, you may also be subject to backup withholding. File free tax return Backup withholding. File free tax return   Your investment income is generally not subject to regular withholding. File free tax return However, it may be subject to backup withholding to ensure that income tax is collected on the income. File free tax return Under backup withholding, the bank, broker, or other payer of interest, original issue discount (OID), dividends, cash patronage dividends, or royalties must withhold, as income tax, on the amount you are paid, applying the appropriate withholding rate. File free tax return   Backup withholding applies if: You do not give the payer your identification number (either a social security number or an employer identification number) in the required manner, The IRS notifies the payer that you gave an incorrect identification number, The IRS notifies the payer that you are subject to backup withholding on interest or dividends because you have underreported interest or dividends on your income tax return, or You are required, but fail, to certify that you are not subject to backup withholding for the reason described in (3). File free tax return Certification. File free tax return   For new accounts paying interest or dividends, you must certify under penalties of perjury that your SSN is correct and that you are not subject to backup withholding. File free tax return Your payer will give you a Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or similar form, to make this certification. File free tax return If you fail to make this certification, backup withholding may begin immediately on your new account or investment. File free tax return Underreported interest and dividends. File free tax return   You will be considered to have underreported your interest and dividends if the IRS has determined for a tax year that: You failed to include any part of a reportable interest or dividend payment required to be shown on your return, or You were required to file a return and to include a reportable interest or dividend payment on that return, but you failed to file the return. File free tax return How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. File free tax return   If you have been notified that you underreported interest or dividends, you can request a determination from the IRS to prevent backup withholding from starting or to stop backup withholding once it has begun. File free tax return You must show that at least one of the following situations applies. File free tax return No underreporting occurred. File free tax return You have a bona fide dispute with the IRS about whether underreporting occurred. File free tax return Backup withholding will cause or is causing an undue hardship, and it is unlikely that you will underreport interest and dividends in the future. File free tax return You have corrected the underreporting by filing a return if you did not previously file one and by paying all taxes, penalties, and interest due for any underreported interest or dividend payments. File free tax return   If the IRS determines that backup withholding should stop, it will provide you with a certification and will notify the payers who were sent notices earlier. File free tax return How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. File free tax return   If you have been notified by a payer that you are subject to backup withholding because you have provided an incorrect SSN or employer identification number, you can stop it by following the instructions the payer gives you. File free tax return Reporting backup withholding. File free tax return   If backup withholding is deducted from your interest or dividend income or other reportable payment, the bank or other business must give you an information return for the year (for example, a Form 1099-INT) indicating the amount withheld. File free tax return The information return will show any backup withholding as “Federal income tax withheld. File free tax return ” Nonresident aliens. File free tax return    Generally, payments made to nonresident aliens are not subject to backup withholding. File free tax return You can use Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding, to certify exempt status. File free tax return However, this does not exempt you from the 30% (or lower treaty) withholding rate that may apply to your investment income. File free tax return For information on the 30% rate, see Publication 519, U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Tax Guide for Aliens. File free tax return Penalties. File free tax return   There are civil and criminal penalties for giving false information to avoid backup withholding. File free tax return The civil penalty is $500. File free tax return The criminal penalty, upon conviction, is a fine of up to $1,000, or imprisonment of up to 1 year, or both. File free tax return Where to report investment income. File free tax return   Table 1-1 gives an overview of the forms and schedules to use to report some common types of investment income. File free tax return But see the rest of this publication for detailed information about reporting investment income. File free tax return Joint accounts. File free tax return   If two or more persons hold property (such as a savings account, bond, or stock) as joint tenants, tenants by the entirety, or tenants in common, each person's share of any interest or dividends from the property is determined by local law. File free tax return Community property states. File free tax return   If you are married and receive a distribution that is community income, one-half of the distribution is generally considered to be received by each spouse. File free tax return If you file separate returns, you must each report one-half of any taxable distribution. File free tax return See Publication 555, Community Property, for more information on community income. File free tax return   If the distribution is not considered community property and you and your spouse file separate returns, each of you must report your separate taxable distributions. File free tax return Example. File free tax return You and your spouse have a joint money market account. File free tax return Under state law, half the income from the account belongs to you, and half belongs to your spouse. File free tax return If you file separate returns, you each report half the income. File free tax return Income from property given to a child. File free tax return   Property you give as a parent to your child under the Model Gifts of Securities to Minors Act, the Uniform Gifts to Minors Act, or any similar law becomes the child's property. File free tax return   Income from the property is taxable to the child, except that any part used to satisfy a legal obligation to support the child is taxable to the parent or guardian having that legal obligation. File free tax return Savings account with parent as trustee. File free tax return   Interest income from a savings account opened for a minor child, but placed in the name and subject to the order of the parents as trustees, is taxable to the child if, under the law of the state in which the child resides, both of the following are true. File free tax return The savings account legally belongs to the child. File free tax return The parents are not legally permitted to use any of the funds to support the child. File free tax return Table 1-1. File free tax return Where To Report Common Types of Investment Income (For detailed information about reporting investment income, see the rest of this publication, especially How To Report Interest Income and How To Report Dividend Income in chapter 1. File free tax return ) Type of Income If you file Form 1040, report on . File free tax return . File free tax return . File free tax return If you can file Form 1040A, report on . File free tax return . File free tax return . File free tax return If you can file Form 1040EZ, report on . File free tax return . File free tax return . File free tax return Tax-exempt interest (Form 1099-INT, box 8) Line 8b Line 8b Space to the left of line 2 (enter “TEI” and the amount) Taxable interest that totals $1,500 or less Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. File free tax return ) Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. File free tax return ) Line 2 Taxable interest that totals more than $1,500 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1   Savings bond interest you will exclude because of higher education expenses Schedule B; also use Form 8815 Schedule B; also use Form 8815   Ordinary dividends that total $1,500 or less Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. File free tax return ) Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. File free tax return )   Ordinary dividends that total more than $1,500 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5   Qualified dividends (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2 Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2   Qualified dividends (if you have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, line 2 You cannot use Form 1040A    You cannot use Form 1040EZ Capital gain distributions (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3 Line 10; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3   Capital gain distributions (if you have to file Schedule D) Schedule D, line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     Section 1250, 1202, or collectibles gain (Form 1099-DIV, box 2b, 2c, or 2d) Form 8949 and Schedule D     Nondividend distributions (Form 1099-DIV, box 3) Generally not reported*     Undistributed capital gains (Form 2439, boxes 1a - 1d) Schedule D     Gain or loss from sales of stocks or bonds Line 13; also use Form 8949, Schedule D, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet You cannot use Form 1040A   Gain or loss from exchanges of like-kind investment property Line 13; also use Schedule D, Form 8824, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     *Report any amounts in excess of your basis in your mutual fund shares on Form 8949. File free tax return Use Part II if you held the shares more than 1 year. File free tax return Use Part I if you held your mutual fund shares 1 year or less. File free tax return For details on Form 8949, see Reporting Capital Gains and Losses in chapter 4, and the Instructions for Form 8949. File free tax return Accuracy-related penalty. File free tax return   An accuracy-related penalty of 20% can be charged for underpayments of tax due to negligence or disregard of rules or regulations or substantial understatement of tax. File free tax return For information on the penalty and any interest that applies, see Penalties in chapter 2. File free tax return Interest Income This section discusses the tax treatment of different types of interest income. File free tax return In general, any interest that you receive or that is credited to your account and can be withdrawn is taxable income. File free tax return (It does not have to be entered in your passbook. File free tax return ) Exceptions to this rule are discussed later. File free tax return Form 1099-INT. File free tax return   Interest income is generally reported to you on Form 1099-INT, or a similar statement, by banks, savings and loans, and other payers of interest. File free tax return This form shows you the interest you received during the year. File free tax return Keep this form for your records. File free tax return You do not have to attach it to your tax return. File free tax return   Report on your tax return the total interest income you receive for the tax year. File free tax return Interest not reported on Form 1099-INT. File free tax return   Even if you do not receive Form 1099-INT, you must still report all of your interest income. File free tax return For example, you may receive distributive shares of interest from partnerships or S corporations. File free tax return This interest is reported to you on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Partner's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. File free tax return , and Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), Shareholder's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. File free tax return Nominees. File free tax return   Generally, if someone receives interest as a nominee for you, that person must give you a Form 1099-INT showing the interest received on your behalf. File free tax return   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that includes amounts belonging to another person, see the discussion on Nominee distributions , later, under How To Report Interest Income. File free tax return Incorrect amount. File free tax return   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that shows an incorrect amount (or other incorrect information), you should ask the issuer for a corrected form. File free tax return The new Form 1099-INT you receive will be marked “Corrected. File free tax return ” Form 1099-OID. File free tax return   Reportable interest income also may be shown on Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount. File free tax return For more information about amounts shown on this form, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later in this chapter. File free tax return Exempt-interest dividends. File free tax return   Exempt-interest dividends you receive from a mutual fund or other regulated investment company, including those received from a qualified fund of funds in any tax year beginning after December 22, 2010, are not included in your taxable income. File free tax return (However, see Information reporting requirement , next. File free tax return ) Exempt-interest dividends should be shown in box 10 of Form 1099-DIV. File free tax return You do not reduce your basis for distributions that are exempt-interest dividends. File free tax return Information reporting requirement. File free tax return   Although exempt-interest dividends are not taxable, you must show them on your tax return if you have to file. File free tax return This is an information reporting requirement and does not change the exempt-interest dividends into taxable income. File free tax return See How To Report Interest Income , later. File free tax return Note. File free tax return Exempt-interest dividends paid from specified private activity bonds may be subject to the alternative minimum tax. File free tax return The exempt-interest dividends subject to the alternative minimum tax are shown in box 11 of Form 1099-DIV. File free tax return See Form 6251 and its instructions for more information about this tax. File free tax return Private activity bonds are discussed later under State or Local Government Obligations. File free tax return Interest on VA dividends. File free tax return   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is not taxable. File free tax return This includes interest paid on dividends on converted United States Government Life Insurance policies and on National Service Life Insurance policies. File free tax return Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). File free tax return   Interest on a Roth IRA generally is not taxable. File free tax return Interest on a traditional IRA is tax deferred. File free tax return You generally do not include it in your income until you make withdrawals from the IRA. File free tax return See Publication 590 for more information. File free tax return Taxable Interest — General Taxable interest includes interest you receive from bank accounts, loans you make to others, and other sources. File free tax return The following are some sources of taxable interest. File free tax return Dividends that are actually interest. File free tax return   Certain distributions commonly called dividends are actually interest. File free tax return You must report as interest so-called “dividends” on deposits or on share accounts in: Cooperative banks, Credit unions, Domestic building and loan associations, Domestic savings and loan associations, Federal savings and loan associations, and Mutual savings banks. File free tax return  The “dividends” will be shown as interest income on Form 1099-INT. File free tax return Money market funds. File free tax return   Money market funds are offered by nonbank financial institutions such as mutual funds and stock brokerage houses, and pay dividends. File free tax return Generally, amounts you receive from money market funds should be reported as dividends, not as interest. File free tax return Certificates of deposit and other deferred interest accounts. File free tax return   If you open any of these accounts, interest may be paid at fixed intervals of 1 year or less during the term of the account. File free tax return You generally must include this interest in your income when you actually receive it or are entitled to receive it without paying a substantial penalty. File free tax return The same is true for accounts that mature in 1 year or less and pay interest in a single payment at maturity. File free tax return If interest is deferred for more than 1 year, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. File free tax return Interest subject to penalty for early withdrawal. File free tax return   If you withdraw funds from a deferred interest account before maturity, you may have to pay a penalty. File free tax return You must report the total amount of interest paid or credited to your account during the year, without subtracting the penalty. File free tax return See Penalty on early withdrawal of savings under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information on how to report the interest and deduct the penalty. File free tax return Money borrowed to invest in certificate of deposit. File free tax return   The interest you pay on money borrowed from a bank or savings institution to meet the minimum deposit required for a certificate of deposit from the institution and the interest you earn on the certificate are two separate items. File free tax return You must report the total interest you earn on the certificate in your income. File free tax return If you itemize deductions, you can deduct the interest you pay as investment interest, up to the amount of your net investment income. File free tax return See Interest Expenses in chapter 3. File free tax return Example. File free tax return You deposited $5,000 with a bank and borrowed $5,000 from the bank to make up the $10,000 minimum deposit required to buy a 6-month certificate of deposit. File free tax return The certificate earned $575 at maturity in 2013, but you received only $265, which represented the $575 you earned minus $310 interest charged on your $5,000 loan. File free tax return The bank gives you a Form 1099-INT for 2013 showing the $575 interest you earned. File free tax return The bank also gives you a statement showing that you paid $310 interest for 2013. File free tax return You must include the $575 in your income. File free tax return If you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions, you can deduct $310, subject to the net investment income limit. File free tax return Gift for opening account. File free tax return   If you receive noncash gifts or services for making deposits or for opening an account in a savings institution, you may have to report the value as interest. File free tax return   For deposits of less than $5,000, gifts or services valued at more than $10 must be reported as interest. File free tax return For deposits of $5,000 or more, gifts or services valued at more than $20 must be reported as interest. File free tax return The value is determined by the cost to the financial institution. File free tax return Example. File free tax return You open a savings account at your local bank and deposit $800. File free tax return The account earns $20 interest. File free tax return You also receive a $15 calculator. File free tax return If no other interest is credited to your account during the year, the Form 1099-INT you receive will show $35 interest for the year. File free tax return You must report $35 interest income on your tax return. File free tax return Interest on insurance dividends. File free tax return   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with an insurance company that can be withdrawn annually is taxable to you in the year it is credited to your account. File free tax return However, if you can withdraw it only on the anniversary date of the policy (or other specified date), the interest is taxable in the year that date occurs. File free tax return Prepaid insurance premiums. File free tax return   Any increase in the value of prepaid insurance premiums, advance premiums, or premium deposit funds is interest if it is applied to the payment of premiums due on insurance policies or made available for you to withdraw. File free tax return U. File free tax return S. File free tax return obligations. File free tax return   Interest on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return obligations, such as U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Treasury bills, notes, and bonds, issued by any agency or instrumentality of the United States is taxable for federal income tax purposes. File free tax return Interest on tax refunds. File free tax return   Interest you receive on tax refunds is taxable income. File free tax return Interest on condemnation award. File free tax return   If the condemning authority pays you interest to compensate you for a delay in payment of an award, the interest is taxable. File free tax return Installment sale payments. File free tax return   If a contract for the sale or exchange of property provides for deferred payments, it also usually provides for interest payable with the deferred payments. File free tax return That interest is taxable when you receive it. File free tax return If little or no interest is provided for in a deferred payment contract, part of each payment may be treated as interest. File free tax return See Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) in Publication 537. File free tax return Interest on annuity contract. File free tax return   Accumulated interest on an annuity contract you sell before its maturity date is taxable. File free tax return Usurious interest. File free tax return   Usurious interest is interest charged at an illegal rate. File free tax return This is taxable as interest unless state law automatically changes it to a payment on the principal. File free tax return Interest income on frozen deposits. File free tax return   Exclude from your gross income interest on frozen deposits. File free tax return A deposit is frozen if, at the end of the year, you cannot withdraw any part of the deposit because: The financial institution is bankrupt or insolvent, or The state in which the institution is located has placed limits on withdrawals because other financial institutions in the state are bankrupt or insolvent. File free tax return   The amount of interest you must exclude is the interest that was credited on the frozen deposits minus the sum of: The net amount you withdrew from these deposits during the year, and The amount you could have withdrawn as of the end of the year (not reduced by any penalty for premature withdrawals of a time deposit). File free tax return If you receive a Form 1099-INT for interest income on deposits that were frozen at the end of 2013, see Frozen deposits under How To Report Interest Income for information about reporting this interest income exclusion on your tax return. File free tax return   The interest you exclude is treated as credited to your account in the following year. File free tax return You must include it in income in the year you can withdraw it. File free tax return Example. File free tax return $100 of interest was credited on your frozen deposit during the year. File free tax return You withdrew $80 but could not withdraw any more as of the end of the year. File free tax return You must include $80 in your income and exclude $20 from your income for the year. File free tax return You must include the $20 in your income for the year you can withdraw it. File free tax return Bonds traded flat. File free tax return    If you buy a bond at a discount when interest has been defaulted or when the interest has accrued but has not been paid, the transaction is described as trading a bond flat. File free tax return The defaulted or unpaid interest is not income and is not taxable as interest if paid later. File free tax return When you receive a payment of that interest, it is a return of capital that reduces the remaining cost basis of your bond. File free tax return Interest that accrues after the date of purchase, however, is taxable interest income for the year received or accrued. File free tax return See Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates , later in this chapter. File free tax return Below-Market Loans If you make a below-market gift or demand loan, you must report as interest income any forgone interest (defined later) from that loan. File free tax return The below-market loan rules and exceptions are described in this section. File free tax return For more information, see section 7872 of the Internal Revenue Code and its regulations. File free tax return If you receive a below-market loan, you may be able to deduct the forgone interest as well as any interest you actually paid, but not if it is personal interest. File free tax return Loans subject to the rules. File free tax return   The rules for below-market loans apply to: Gift loans, Pay-related loans, Corporation-shareholder loans, Tax avoidance loans, and Certain loans made to qualified continuing care facilities under a continuing care contract. File free tax return A pay-related loan is any below-market loan between an employer and an employee or between an independent contractor and a person for whom the contractor provides services. File free tax return A tax avoidance loan is any below-market loan where the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. File free tax return Forgone interest. File free tax return   For any period, forgone interest is: The amount of interest that would be payable for that period if interest accrued on the loan at the applicable federal rate and was payable annually on December 31, minus Any interest actually payable on the loan for the period. File free tax return Applicable federal rate. File free tax return   Applicable federal rates are published by the IRS each month in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. File free tax return Some IRS offices have these bulletins available for research. File free tax return See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for other ways to get this information. File free tax return Rules for below-market loans. File free tax return   The rules that apply to a below-market loan depend on whether the loan is a gift loan, demand loan, or term loan. File free tax return Gift and demand loans. File free tax return   A gift loan is any below-market loan where the forgone interest is in the nature of a gift. File free tax return   A demand loan is a loan payable in full at any time upon demand by the lender. File free tax return A demand loan is a below-market loan if no interest is charged or if interest is charged at a rate below the applicable federal rate. File free tax return   A demand loan or gift loan that is a below-market loan is generally treated as an arm's-length transaction in which the lender is treated as having made: A loan to the borrower in exchange for a note that requires the payment of interest at the applicable federal rate, and An additional payment to the borrower in an amount equal to the forgone interest. File free tax return The borrower is generally treated as transferring the additional payment back to the lender as interest. File free tax return The lender must report that amount as interest income. File free tax return   The lender's additional payment to the borrower is treated as a gift, dividend, contribution to capital, pay for services, or other payment, depending on the substance of the transaction. File free tax return The borrower may have to report this payment as taxable income, depending on its classification. File free tax return These transfers are considered to occur annually, generally on December 31. File free tax return Term loans. File free tax return   A term loan is any loan that is not a demand loan. File free tax return A term loan is a below-market loan if the amount of the loan is more than the present value of all payments due under the loan. File free tax return   A lender who makes a below-market term loan other than a gift loan is treated as transferring an additional lump-sum cash payment to the borrower (as a dividend, contribution to capital, etc. File free tax return ) on the date the loan is made. File free tax return The amount of this payment is the amount of the loan minus the present value, at the applicable federal rate, of all payments due under the loan. File free tax return An equal amount is treated as original issue discount (OID). File free tax return The lender must report the annual part of the OID as interest income. File free tax return The borrower may be able to deduct the OID as interest expense. File free tax return See Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. File free tax return Exceptions to the below-market loan rules. File free tax return   Exceptions to the below-market loan rules are discussed here. File free tax return Exception for loans of $10,000 or less. File free tax return   The rules for below-market loans do not apply to any day on which the total outstanding amount of loans between the borrower and lender is $10,000 or less. File free tax return This exception applies only to: Gift loans between individuals if the gift loan is not directly used to buy or carry income-producing assets, and Pay-related loans or corporation-shareholder loans if the avoidance of federal tax is not a principal purpose of the interest arrangement. File free tax return This exception does not apply to a term loan described in (2) earlier that previously has been subject to the below-market loan rules. File free tax return Those rules will continue to apply even if the outstanding balance is reduced to $10,000 or less. File free tax return Exception for loans to continuing care facilities. File free tax return   Loans to qualified continuing care facilities under continuing care contracts are not subject to the rules for below-market loans for the calendar year if the lender or the lender's spouse is age 62 or older at the end of the year. File free tax return For the definitions of qualified continuing care facility and continuing care contract, see Internal Revenue Code section 7872(h). File free tax return Exception for loans without significant tax effect. File free tax return   Loans are excluded from the below-market loan rules if their interest arrangements do not have a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the borrower or the lender. File free tax return These loans include: Loans made available by the lender to the general public on the same terms and conditions that are consistent with the lender's customary business practice; Loans subsidized by a federal, state, or municipal government that are made available under a program of general application to the public; Certain employee-relocation loans; Certain loans from a foreign person, unless the interest income would be effectively connected with the conduct of a U. File free tax return S. File free tax return trade or business and would not be exempt from U. File free tax return S. File free tax return tax under an income tax treaty; Gift loans to a charitable organization, contributions to which are deductible, if the total outstanding amount of loans between the organization and lender is $250,000 or less at all times during the tax year; and Other loans on which the interest arrangement can be shown to have no significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or the borrower. File free tax return For a loan described in (6) above, all the facts and circumstances are used to determine if the interest arrangement has a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or borrower. File free tax return Some factors to be considered are: Whether items of income and deduction generated by the loan offset each other; The amount of these items; The cost to you of complying with the below-market loan rules, if they were to apply; and Any reasons other than taxes for structuring the transaction as a below-market loan. File free tax return If you structure a transaction to meet this exception and one of the principal purposes of that structure is the avoidance of federal tax, the loan will be considered a tax-avoidance loan, and this exception will not apply. File free tax return Limit on forgone interest for gift loans of $100,000 or less. File free tax return   For gift loans between individuals, if the outstanding loans between the lender and borrower total $100,000 or less, the forgone interest to be included in income by the lender and deducted by the borrower is limited to the amount of the borrower's net investment income for the year. File free tax return If the borrower's net investment income is $1,000 or less, it is treated as zero. File free tax return This limit does not apply to a loan if the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. File free tax return Effective dates. File free tax return    These rules apply to term loans made after June 6, 1984, and to demand loans outstanding after that date. File free tax return U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Savings Bonds This section provides tax information on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds. File free tax return It explains how to report the interest income on these bonds and how to treat transfers of these bonds. File free tax return U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds currently offered to individuals include Series EE bonds and Series I bonds. File free tax return For other information on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds, write to:  For Series HH/H: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. File free tax return O. File free tax return Box 2186 Parkersburg, WV 26106-2186  For Series EE and I paper savings bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. File free tax return O. File free tax return Box 7012 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7012  For Series EE and I electronic bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service  Division of Customer Assistance P. File free tax return O. File free tax return Box 7015 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7015 Or, on the Internet, visit: www. File free tax return treasurydirect. File free tax return gov/indiv/indiv. File free tax return htm. File free tax return Accrual method taxpayers. File free tax return   If you use an accrual method of accounting, you must report interest on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds each year as it accrues. File free tax return You cannot postpone reporting interest until you receive it or until the bonds mature. File free tax return Cash method taxpayers. File free tax return   If you use the cash method of accounting, as most individual taxpayers do, you generally report the interest on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds when you receive it. File free tax return But see Reporting options for cash method taxpayers , later. File free tax return Series HH bonds. File free tax return   These bonds were issued at face value. File free tax return Interest is paid twice a year by direct deposit to your bank account. File free tax return If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report interest on these bonds as income in the year you receive it. File free tax return   Series HH bonds were first offered in 1980 and last offered in August 2004. File free tax return Before 1980, series H bonds were issued. File free tax return Series H bonds are treated the same as series HH bonds. File free tax return If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report the interest when you receive it. File free tax return   Series H bonds have a maturity period of 30 years. File free tax return Series HH bonds mature in 20 years. File free tax return The last series H bonds matured in 2009. File free tax return The last series HH bonds will mature in 2024. File free tax return Series EE and series I bonds. File free tax return   Interest on these bonds is payable when you redeem the bonds. File free tax return The difference between the purchase price and the redemption value is taxable interest. File free tax return Series EE bonds. File free tax return   Series EE bonds were first offered in January 1980 and have a maturity period of 30 years. File free tax return Before July 1980, series E bonds were issued. File free tax return The original 10-year maturity period of series E bonds has been extended to 40 years for bonds issued before December 1965 and 30 years for bonds issued after November 1965. File free tax return Paper series EE and series E bonds are issued at a discount. File free tax return The face value is payable to you at maturity. File free tax return Electronic series EE bonds are issued at their face value. File free tax return The face value plus accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. File free tax return As of January 1, 2012, paper savings bonds were no longer sold at financial institutions. File free tax return    Owners of paper series EE bonds can convert them to electronic bonds. File free tax return These converted bonds do not retain the denomination listed on the paper certificate but are posted at their purchase price (with accrued interest). File free tax return Series I bonds. File free tax return   Series I bonds were first offered in 1998. File free tax return These are inflation-indexed bonds issued at their face amount with a maturity period of 30 years. File free tax return The face value plus all accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. File free tax return Reporting options for cash method taxpayers. File free tax return   If you use the cash method of reporting income, you can report the interest on series EE, series E, and series I bonds in either of the following ways. File free tax return Method 1. File free tax return Postpone reporting the interest until the earlier of the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year in which they mature. File free tax return (However, see Savings bonds traded , later. File free tax return )  Note. File free tax return Series EE bonds issued in 1983 matured in 2013. File free tax return If you have used method 1, you generally must report the interest on these bonds on your 2013 return. File free tax return The last series E bonds were issued in 1980 and matured in 2010. File free tax return If you used method 1, you generally should have reported the interest on these bonds on your 2010 return. File free tax return Method 2. File free tax return Choose to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year. File free tax return  You must use the same method for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own. File free tax return If you do not choose method 2 by reporting the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you must use method 1. File free tax return If you plan to cash your bonds in the same year you will pay for higher educational expenses, you may want to use method 1 because you may be able to exclude the interest from your income. File free tax return To learn how, see Education Savings Bond Program, later. File free tax return Change from method 1. File free tax return   If you want to change your method of reporting the interest from method 1 to method 2, you can do so without permission from the IRS. File free tax return In the year of change, you must report all interest accrued to date and not previously reported for all your bonds. File free tax return   Once you choose to report the interest each year, you must continue to do so for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own and for any you get later, unless you request permission to change, as explained next. File free tax return Change from method 2. File free tax return   To change from method 2 to method 1, you must request permission from the IRS. File free tax return Permission for the change is automatically granted if you send the IRS a statement that meets all the following requirements. File free tax return You have typed or printed the following number at the top: “131. File free tax return ” It includes your name and social security number under “131. File free tax return ” It includes the year of change (both the beginning and ending dates). File free tax return It identifies the savings bonds for which you are requesting this change. File free tax return It includes your agreement to: Report all interest on any bonds acquired during or after the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest; and Report all interest on the bonds acquired before the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest, with the exception of the interest reported in prior tax years. File free tax return   You must attach this statement to your tax return for the year of change, which you must file by the due date (including extensions). File free tax return   You can have an automatic extension of 6 months from the due date of your return for the year of change (excluding extensions) to file the statement with an amended return. File free tax return On the statement, type or print “Filed pursuant to section 301. File free tax return 9100-2. File free tax return ” To get this extension, you must have filed your original return for the year of the change by the due date (including extensions). File free tax return    By the date you file the original statement with your return, you must also send a signed copy to the address below. File free tax return    Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A (Automatic Rulings Branch) P. File free tax return O. File free tax return Box 7604 Benjamin Franklin Station Washington, DC 20044   If you use a private delivery service, send the signed copy to the address below. File free tax return Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A  (Automatic Rulings Branch) Room 5336 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20224    Instead of filing this statement, you can request permission to change from method 2 to method 1 by filing Form 3115. File free tax return In that case, follow the form instructions for an automatic change. File free tax return No user fee is required. File free tax return Co-owners. File free tax return   If a U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bond is issued in the names of co-owners, such as you and your child or you and your spouse, interest on the bond is generally taxable to the co-owner who bought the bond. File free tax return One co-owner's funds used. File free tax return   If you used your funds to buy the bond, you must pay the tax on the interest. File free tax return This is true even if you let the other co-owner redeem the bond and keep all the proceeds. File free tax return Under these circumstances, the co-owner who redeemed the bond will receive a Form 1099-INT at the time of redemption and must provide you with another Form 1099-INT showing the amount of interest from the bond taxable to you. File free tax return The co-owner who redeemed the bond is a “nominee. File free tax return ” See Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information about how a person who is a nominee reports interest income belonging to another person. File free tax return Both co-owners' funds used. File free tax return   If you and the other co-owner each contribute part of the bond's purchase price, the interest is generally taxable to each of you, in proportion to the amount each of you paid. File free tax return Community property. File free tax return   If you and your spouse live in a community property state and hold bonds as community property, one-half of the interest is considered received by each of you. File free tax return If you file separate returns, each of you generally must report one-half of the bond interest. File free tax return For more information about community property, see Publication 555. File free tax return Table 1-2. File free tax return   These rules are also shown in Table 1-2. File free tax return Child as only owner. File free tax return   Interest on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds bought for and registered only in the name of your child is income to your child, even if you paid for the bonds and are named as beneficiary. File free tax return If the bonds are series EE, series E, or series I bonds, the interest on the bonds is income to your child in the earlier of the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year the bonds mature, unless your child chooses to report the interest income each year. File free tax return Choice to report interest each year. File free tax return   The choice to report the accrued interest each year can be made either by your child or by you for your child. File free tax return This choice is made by filing an income tax return that shows all the interest earned to date, and by stating on the return that your child chooses to report the interest each year. File free tax return Either you or your child should keep a copy of this return. File free tax return   Unless your child is otherwise required to file a tax return for any year after making this choice, your child does not have to file a return only to report the annual accrual of U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bond interest under this choice. File free tax return However, see Tax on unearned income of certain children , earlier, under General Information. File free tax return Neither you nor your child can change the way you report the interest unless you request permission from the IRS, as discussed earlier under Change from method 2 . File free tax return Ownership transferred. File free tax return   If you bought series E, series EE, or series I bonds entirely with your own funds and had them reissued in your co-owner's name or beneficiary's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue all interest that you earned on these bonds and have not previously reported. File free tax return But, if the bonds were reissued in your name alone, you do not have to report the interest accrued at that time. File free tax return   This same rule applies when bonds (other than bonds held as community property) are transferred between spouses or incident to divorce. File free tax return Example. File free tax return You bought series EE bonds entirely with your own funds. File free tax return You did not choose to report the accrued interest each year. File free tax return Later, you transfer the bonds to your former spouse under a divorce agreement. File free tax return You must include the deferred accrued interest, from the date of the original issue of the bonds to the date of transfer, in your income in the year of transfer. File free tax return Your former spouse includes in income the interest on the bonds from the date of transfer to the date of redemption. File free tax return Table 1-2. File free tax return Who Pays the Tax on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return Savings Bond Interest IF . File free tax return . File free tax return . File free tax return THEN the interest must be reported by . File free tax return . File free tax return . File free tax return you buy a bond in your name and the name of another person as co-owners, using only your own funds you. File free tax return you buy a bond in the name of another person, who is the sole owner of the bond the person for whom you bought the bond. File free tax return you and another person buy a bond as co-owners, each contributing part of the purchase price both you and the other co-owner, in proportion to the amount each paid for the bond. File free tax return you and your spouse, who live in a community property state, buy a bond that is community property you and your spouse. File free tax return If you file separate returns, both you and your spouse generally report one-half of the interest. File free tax return Purchased jointly. File free tax return   If you and a co-owner each contributed funds to buy series E, series EE, or series I bonds jointly and later have the bonds reissued in the co-owner's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue your share of all the interest earned on the bonds that you have not previously reported. File free tax return The former co-owner does not have to include in gross income at the time of reissue his or her share of the interest earned that was not reported before the transfer. File free tax return This interest, however, as well as all interest earned after the reissue, is income to the former co-owner. File free tax return   This income-reporting rule also applies when the bonds are reissued in the name of your former co-owner and a new co-owner. File free tax return But the new co-owner will report only his or her share of the interest earned after the transfer. File free tax return   If bonds that you and a co-owner bought jointly are reissued to each of you separately in the same proportion as your contribution to the purchase price, neither you nor your co-owner has to report at that time the interest earned before the bonds were reissued. File free tax return Example 1. File free tax return You and your spouse each spent an equal amount to buy a $1,000 series EE savings bond. File free tax return The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. File free tax return You both postpone reporting interest on the bond. File free tax return You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. File free tax return At that time neither you nor your spouse has to report the interest earned to the date of reissue. File free tax return Example 2. File free tax return You bought a $1,000 series EE savings bond entirely with your own funds. File free tax return The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. File free tax return You both postponed reporting interest on the bond. File free tax return You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. File free tax return You must report half the interest earned to the date of reissue. File free tax return Transfer to a trust. File free tax return   If you own series E, series EE, or series I bonds and transfer them to a trust, giving up all rights of ownership, you must include in your income for that year the interest earned to the date of transfer if you have not already reported it. File free tax return However, if you are considered the owner of the trust and if the increase in value both before and after the transfer continues to be taxable to you, you can continue to defer reporting the interest earned each year. File free tax return You must include the total interest in your income in the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year the bonds finally mature, whichever is earlier. File free tax return   The same rules apply to previously unreported interest on series EE or series E bonds if the transfer to a trust consisted of series HH or series H bonds you acquired in a trade for the series EE or series E bonds. File free tax return See Savings bonds traded , later. File free tax return Decedents. File free tax return   The manner of reporting interest income on series E, series EE, or series I bonds, after the death of the owner (decedent), depends on the accounting and income-reporting methods previously used by the decedent. File free tax return Decedent who reported interest each year. File free tax return   If the bonds transferred because of death were owned by a person who used an accrual method, or who used the cash method and had chosen to report the interest each year, the interest earned in the year of death up to the date of death must be reported on that person's final return. File free tax return The person who acquires the bonds includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. File free tax return Decedent who postponed reporting interest. File free tax return   If the transferred bonds were owned by a decedent who had used the cash method and had not chosen to report the interest each year, and who had bought the bonds entirely with his or her own funds, all interest earned before death must be reported in one of the following ways. File free tax return The surviving spouse or personal representative (executor, administrator, etc. File free tax return ) who files the final income tax return of the decedent can choose to include on that return all interest earned on the bonds before the decedent's death. File free tax return The person who acquires the bonds then includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. File free tax return If the choice in (1) is not made, the interest earned up to the date of death is income in respect of the decedent and should not be included in the decedent's final return. File free tax return All interest earned both before and after the decedent's death (except any part reported by the estate on its income tax return) is income to the person who acquires the bonds. File free tax return If that person uses the cash method and does not choose to report the interest each year, he or she can postpone reporting it until the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year they mature, whichever is earlier. File free tax return In the year that person reports the interest, he or she can claim a deduction for any federal estate tax paid on the part of the interest included in the decedent's estate. File free tax return For more information on income in respect of a decedent, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. File free tax return Example 1. File free tax return Your uncle, a cash method taxpayer, died and left you a $1,000 series EE bond. File free tax return He had bought the bond for $500 and had not chosen to report the interest each year. File free tax return At the date of death, interest of $200 had accrued on the bond, and its value of $700 was included in your uncle's estate. File free tax return Your uncle's executor chose not to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final income tax return. File free tax return The $200 is income in respect of the decedent. File free tax return You are a cash method taxpayer and do not choose to report the interest each year as it is earned. File free tax return If you cash the bond when it reaches maturity value of $1,000, you report $500 interest income—the difference between maturity value of $1,000 and the original cost of $500. File free tax return For that year, you can deduct (as a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit) any federal estate tax paid because the $200 interest was included in your uncle's estate. File free tax return Example 2. File free tax return If, in Example 1 , the executor had chosen to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final return, you would report only $300 as interest when you cashed the bond at maturity. File free tax return $300 is the interest earned after your uncle's death. File free tax return Example 3. File free tax return If, in Example 1 , you make or have made the choice to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you include in gross income for the year you acquire the bond all of the unreported increase in value of all series E, series EE, and series I bonds you hold, including the $200 on the bond you inherited from your uncle. File free tax return Example 4. File free tax return When your aunt died, she owned series HH bonds that she had acquired in a trade for series EE bonds. File free tax return You were the beneficiary of these bonds. File free tax return Your aunt used the cash method and did not choose to report the interest on the series EE bonds each year as it accrued. File free tax return Your aunt's executor chose not to include any interest earned before your aunt's death on her final return. File free tax return The income in respect of the decedent is the sum of the unreported interest on the series EE bonds and the interest, if any, payable on the series HH bonds but not received as of the date of your aunt's death. File free tax return You must report any interest received during the year as income on your return. File free tax return The part of the interest payable but not received before your aunt's death is income in respect of the decedent and may qualify for the estate tax deduction. File free tax return For information on when to report the interest on the series EE bonds traded, see Savings bonds traded , later. File free tax return Savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. File free tax return   If you acquire a U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan, your income for the year of distribution includes the bond's redemption value (its cost plus the interest accrued before the distribution). File free tax return When you redeem the bond (whether in the year of distribution or later), your interest income includes only the interest accrued after the bond was distributed. File free tax return To figure the interest reported as a taxable distribution and your interest income when you redeem the bond, see Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan under How To Report Interest Income, later. File free tax return Savings bonds traded. File free tax return   If you postponed reporting the interest on your series EE or series E bonds, you did not recognize taxable income when you traded the bonds for series HH or series H bonds, unless you received cash in the trade. File free tax return (You cannot trade series I bonds for series HH bonds. File free tax return After August 31, 2004, you cannot trade any other series of bonds for series HH bonds. File free tax return ) Any cash you received is income up to the amount of the interest earned on the bonds traded. File free tax return When your series HH or series H bonds mature, or if you dispose of them before maturity, you report as interest the difference between their redemption value and your cost. File free tax return Your cost is the sum of the amount you paid for the traded series EE or series E bonds plus any amount you had to pay at the time of the trade. File free tax return Example. File free tax return You traded series EE bonds (on which you postponed reporting the interest) for $2,500 in series HH bonds and $223 in cash. File free tax return You reported the $223 as taxable income on your tax return. File free tax return At the time of the trade, the series EE bonds had accrued interest of $523 and a redemption value of $2,723. File free tax return You hold the series HH bonds until maturity, when you receive $2,500. File free tax return You must report $300 as interest income in the year of maturity. File free tax return This is the difference between their redemption value, $2,500, and your cost, $2,200 (the amount you paid for the series EE bonds). File free tax return (It is also the difference between the accrued interest of $523 on the series EE bonds and the $223 cash received on the trade. File free tax return ) Choice to report interest in year of trade. File free tax return   You could have chosen to treat all of the previously unreported accrued interest on series EE or series E bonds traded for series HH bonds as income in the year of the trade. File free tax return If you made this choice, it is treated as a change from method 1. File free tax return See Change from method 1 under Series EE and series I bonds, earlier. File free tax return Form 1099-INT for U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bond interest. File free tax return   When you cash a bond, the bank or other payer that redeems it must give you a Form 1099-INT if the interest part of the payment you receive is $10 or more. File free tax return Box 3 of your Form 1099-INT should show the interest as the difference between the amount you received and the amount paid for the bond. File free tax return However, your Form 1099-INT may show more interest than you have to include on your income tax return. File free tax return For example, this may happen if any of the following are true. File free tax return You chose to report the increase in the redemption value of the bond each year. File free tax return The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by amounts previously included in income. File free tax return You received the bond from a decedent. File free tax return The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by any interest reported by the decedent before death, or on the decedent's final return, or by the estate on the estate's income tax return. File free tax return Ownership of the bond was transferred. File free tax return The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by interest that accrued before the transfer. File free tax return You were named as a co-owner, and the other co-owner contributed funds to buy the bond. File free tax return The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the amount you received as nominee for the other co-owner. File free tax return (See Co-owners , earlier in this section, for more information about the reporting requirements. File free tax return ) You received the bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. File free tax return The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the interest portion of the amount taxable as a distribution from the plan and not taxable as interest. File free tax return (This amount is generally shown on Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. File free tax return , for the year of distribution. File free tax return )   For more information on including the correct amount of interest on your return, see U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bond interest previously reported or Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later. File free tax return    Interest on U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds is exempt from state and local taxes. File free tax return The Form 1099-INT you receive will indicate the amount that is for U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds interest in box 3. File free tax return Do not include this income on your state or local income tax return. File free tax return Education Savings Bond Program You may be able to exclude from income all or part of the interest you receive on the redemption of qualified U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds during the year if you pay qualified higher educational expenses during the same year. File free tax return This exclusion is known as the Education Savings Bond Program. File free tax return You do not qualify for this exclusion if your filing status is married filing separately. File free tax return Form 8815. File free tax return   Use Form 8815 to figure your exclusion. File free tax return Attach the form to your Form 1040 or Form 1040A. File free tax return Qualified U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds. File free tax return   A qualified U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bond is a series EE bond issued after 1989 or a series I bond. File free tax return The bond must be issued either in your name (sole owner) or in your and your spouse's names (co-owners). File free tax return You must be at least 24 years old before the bond's issue date. File free tax return For example, a bond bought by a parent and issued in the name of his or her child under age 24 does not qualify for the exclusion by the parent or child. File free tax return    The issue date of a bond may be earlier than the date the bond is purchased because the issue date assigned to a bond is the first day of the month in which it is purchased. File free tax return Beneficiary. File free tax return   You can designate any individual (including a child) as a beneficiary of the bond. File free tax return Verification by IRS. File free tax return   If you claim the exclusion, the IRS will check it by using bond redemption information from the Department of Treasury. File free tax return Qualified expenses. File free tax return   Qualified higher educational expenses are tuition and fees required for you, your spouse, or your dependent (for whom you claim an exemption) to attend an eligible educational institution. File free tax return   Qualified expenses include any contribution you make to a qualified tuition program or to a Coverdell education savings account. File free tax return For information about these programs, see Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education. File free tax return   Qualified expenses do not include expenses for room and board or for courses involving sports, games, or hobbies that are not part of a degree or certificate granting program. File free tax return Eligible educational institutions. File free tax return   These institutions include most public, private, and nonprofit universities, colleges, and vocational schools that are accredited and eligible to participate in student aid programs run by the Department of Education. File free tax return Reduction for certain benefits. File free tax return   You must reduce your qualified higher educational expenses by all of the following tax-free benefits. File free tax return Tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships. File free tax return Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a Coverdell ESA. File free tax return Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a qualified tuition program. File free tax return Any tax-free payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance, such as: Veterans' educational assistance benefits, Qualified tuition reductions, or Employer-provided educational assistance. File free tax return Any expense used in figuring the American Opportunity and lifetime learning credits. File free tax return For information about these benefits, see Publication 970. File free tax return Amount excludable. File free tax return   If the total proceeds (interest and principal) from the qualified U. File free tax return S. File free tax return savings bonds you redeem during the year are not more than your adjusted qualified higher educational expenses for the year, you may be able to exclude all of the interest. File free tax return If the proceeds are more than the expenses, you may be able to exclude only part of the interest. File free tax return   To determine the excludable amount, multiply the interest part of the proceeds by a fraction. File free tax return The numer
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Understanding your CP276A Notice

We didn't receive a correctly completed tax liability schedule. We normally charge a Federal Tax Deposit (FTD) penalty when this happens. We decided not to do so this time.

Tax publications you may find useful

How to get help

Calling the toll free number listed on the top right corner of your notice is the fastest way to get your questions answered.

You can also authorize someone (such as an accountant) to contact the IRS on your behalf using this Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative (Form 2848).
 


What you need to do

  • Review your tax liability schedule. Enter the liability amount for each payroll date and see if your payroll tax deposit liability matches the tax liability you reported on your tax form. When they don't match, we reject your tax liability schedule.
  • Correct the copy of your tax return and the schedule that you kept for your records.

You may want to...


Answers to Common Questions

Do I have to reply to this notice?
No, but you should check your records to see why your tax liability schedule was incorrect.

How do I know whether I should make monthly or semiweekly payroll tax deposits?
Go back and look at the total tax liability for the four quarters before the quarter ending in June of last year if you file a quarterly return. Annual return filers should go back and look at the total tax liability of the year before their previous filing year.

For either a quarterly or an annual filer, a total tax liability of $50,000 or less means you can make your federal payroll tax deposits monthly. A tax liability greater than $50,000 means you have to make semiweekly payroll tax deposits.

When are my payroll tax deposits due?
The following table shows the schedule for semiweekly payroll tax deposits:

When Then
The payroll tax liability period is Saturday, Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday Make the tax deposit by the following Friday.
The payroll tax liability period is Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday Make the tax deposit by the following Wednesday.
A holiday falls on a weekday after the payroll tax liability period and before or on the normal deposit day Extend the deposit due date one business day for each day of holiday.

Monthly payroll tax depositors must make their tax deposits by the fifteenth of each month. When the fifteenth falls on a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday, tax deposits are due on the next business day.

Do I have to make my payroll tax deposits electronically?
Normally, yes. However, you may send your payment in with your tax return when your tax liability is $2,500 or less. If you file a quarterly tax return, another time when you may send in your payment with your return is when:

  • Your tax liabilities never totaled $100,000 or more in a deposit period, and
  • Your tax liability in the preceding quarter was $2,500 or less.

Tips for next time you file

Report each tax liability (not your deposits) on the tax liability schedule.

Make sure that that the amount on your tax liability schedule matches the payroll tax amount on your tax return.

Do not list negative amounts on your tax liability schedule.


Understanding your notice

Reading your notice
Your notice may look different from the sample because the information contained in your notice is tailored to your situation.

Notice CP276A, Page 1

Notice CP276A, Page 2

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 14-Mar-2014

The File Free Tax Return

File free tax return Index A Assessment of tax, Assessment of tax. File free tax return Assistance (see Tax help) B Bankruptcy Code tax compliance, Bankruptcy Code Tax Compliance Requirements Returns due after filing, Tax Returns Due After the Bankruptcy Filing Returns due before chapter 13 filing, Tax Returns Due for Periods Ending Before the Bankruptcy Filing in Chapter 13 Cases Bankruptcy estate, Taxes and the Bankruptcy Estate Attribute carryovers, Carrybacks from the debtor's activities. File free tax return Carrybacks, Carrybacks from the debtor's activities. File free tax return Disclosure of return information, Disclosure of bankruptcy estate's return information to debtor. File free tax return Employer identification number, Employer identification number. File free tax return , Employer identification number. File free tax return Estimated tax, Estimated tax – Form 1041-ES. File free tax return Return filing requirements, Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due Separate taxable entity, Separate taxable entity. File free tax return Transfer of assets, Transfer of assets between debtor and bankruptcy estate. File free tax return C Conversion or dismissal chapter 11 case, Conversion or dismissal of chapter 11 cases. File free tax return Corporations, Corporations Filing requirements, Corporations Tax-free reorganizations, Tax-Free Reorganizations D Debt cancellation, Debt Cancellation Bankruptcy exclusion, Bankruptcy case exclusion. File free tax return Corporations, Corporations Insolvency exclusion, Insolvency exclusion. File free tax return Partnerships, Partnerships S corporations, S Corporations Deductions and credits, Bankruptcy Estate Deductions and Credits Administrative expenses, Administrative expenses. File free tax return Discharge of tax, Discharge of Unpaid Tax Disclosure of return information, Disclosure of debtor's return information to trustee. File free tax return , Disclosure of return information to trustee. File free tax return Dismissal of case Amended return, Dismissal of bankruptcy case. File free tax return E Election to end tax year: Form 1040, Debtor's Election To End Tax Year – Form 1040 Annualizing taxable income, Annualizing taxable income. File free tax return Election by spouse, Election by debtor's spouse. File free tax return Filing requirements, Making the Election - Filing Requirements Short tax years, Short tax years. File free tax return Employment taxes, Employment taxes. File free tax return , Employment Taxes Examination of return, Examination of return. File free tax return F Free tax services, How To Get Tax Help H Help (see Tax help) I Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13, Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13 Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11, Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11 Gross income chapter 11 case, Income of the estate in individual chapter 11 cases. File free tax return Gross income chapter 7 case, Income of the estate in individual chapter 7 cases. File free tax return J Jurisdiction over tax matters, Court Jurisdiction Over Tax Matters Bankruptcy Court, Bankruptcy Court Tax Court, Tax Court M More information (see Tax help) O Ordering tax return transcripts, Ordering tax transcripts and copies of returns. File free tax return P Partnerships, filing requirements, Partnerships Payment of tax claim, Federal Tax Claims Eighth priority taxes, Unsecured Tax Claims Second, third, fourth priority taxes, Higher priority taxes. File free tax return Secured tax claims, Secured tax claims. File free tax return Penalties, Penalties. File free tax return Relief from penalties, Relief from certain penalties. File free tax return Publications (see Tax help) R Request for prompt tax determination, Prompt Determination Requests Request for refund, Requests for refund or credit S Statute of limitations collections, Statute of limitations for collection. File free tax return T Tax attributes, Reduction of Tax Attributes Basis reduction, Basis. File free tax return , Basis Reduction Carryovers, Attribute carryovers. File free tax return Order of reduction, Order of reduction. File free tax return Reduction of, Reduction of Tax Attributes Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax reporting chapter 11 cases, Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Employment tax returns, Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Information returns, Employment taxes and employer's obligation to file Form W-2 in individual chapter 11 cases. File free tax return Self-employment taxes, Self-employment taxes in individual chapter 11 cases. File free tax return Wage reporting, tax withholding, Employment taxes and employer's obligation to file Form W-2 in individual chapter 11 cases. File free tax return Tax return: Form 1041, Figuring tax due. File free tax return Figuring tax due, Filing Requirements Payment of tax due, Payment of Tax Due When to file, When to file. File free tax return Taxpayer Advocate, Taxpayer Advocate Service. File free tax return TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications