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Federal Tax Forms 2009

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Federal Tax Forms 2009

Federal tax forms 2009 1. Federal tax forms 2009   Organizations Subject to the Tax Table of Contents The tax on unrelated business income applies to most organizations exempt from tax under section 501(a). Federal tax forms 2009 These organizations include charitable, religious, scientific, and other organizations described in section 501(c), as well as employees' trusts forming part of pension, profit-sharing, and stock bonus plans described in section 401(a). Federal tax forms 2009 In addition, the following are subject to the tax on unrelated business income. Federal tax forms 2009 Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs), including traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, Coverdell IRAs, simplified employee pensions (SEP-IRAs), and savings incentive match plans for employees (SIMPLE IRAs). Federal tax forms 2009 State and municipal colleges and universities. Federal tax forms 2009 Qualified state tuition programs. Federal tax forms 2009 Medical savings accounts (MSAs) described in section 220(d). Federal tax forms 2009 Coverdell savings accounts described in section 530. Federal tax forms 2009 U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 instrumentalities. Federal tax forms 2009   A corporation that is a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 instrumentality described in section 501(c)(1) is not subject to the tax on unrelated business income if the corporation is organized under an Act of Congress and, under the Act, is exempt from federal income taxes. Federal tax forms 2009 Colleges and universities. Federal tax forms 2009   Colleges and universities that are agencies or instrumentalities of any government or any political subdivision of a government, or that are owned or operated by a government or political subdivision of a government, are subject to the tax on unrelated business income. Federal tax forms 2009 As used here, the word government includes any foreign government (to the extent not contrary to a treaty) and all domestic governments (the United States and any of its possessions, any state, and the District of Columbia). Federal tax forms 2009   The tax is on the unrelated business income of both the universities and colleges themselves and on their wholly owned tax exempt subsidiary organizations. Federal tax forms 2009 It is immaterial whether the business is conducted by the university or by a separately incorporated wholly owned subsidiary. Federal tax forms 2009 If the business activity is unrelated, the income in both instances will be subject to the tax. Federal tax forms 2009 If the primary purpose of a wholly owned subsidiary is to operate or conduct any unrelated trade or business (other than holding title to property and collecting income from it), the subsidiary is not an exempt organization, and this rule does not apply. Federal tax forms 2009 Title-holding corporations. Federal tax forms 2009   When an exempt title-holding corporation, described in section 501(c)(2), pays any of its net income to an organization that itself is exempt from tax under section 501(a) (or would pay such an amount except that the expenses of collecting its income exceed the amount collected) and files a consolidated return with that organization, the title-holding corporation is treated, for unrelated business income tax purposes, as organized and operated for the same purposes as the exempt payee organization. Federal tax forms 2009   Thus, a title-holding corporation whose source of income is related to the exempt purposes of the payee organization is not subject to the unrelated business income tax if the holding corporation and the payee organization file a consolidated return. Federal tax forms 2009 However, if the source of the income is not so related, the title-holding corporation is subject to unrelated business income tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Example. Federal tax forms 2009 X, a title-holding corporation, is required to distribute its net income to A, an exempt organization. Federal tax forms 2009 During the tax year, X realizes net income of $900,000 from source M, which is related to A's exempt function. Federal tax forms 2009 X also receives $100,000 from source N, which is not related to A's exempt function. Federal tax forms 2009 X and A file a consolidated return for the tax year. Federal tax forms 2009 X has unrelated business income of $100,000. Federal tax forms 2009 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Tax Relief for Victims of Tropical Storm Maria in Puerto Rico

SP-FL-2011-15, Oct. 19, 2011

MIAMI — Victims of Tropical Storm Maria that began on Sept. 8, 2011 in parts of Puerto Rico may qualify for tax relief from the Internal Revenue Service.

The President has declared the following municipalities a federal disaster area: Juana Díaz, Naguabo and Yabucoa. Individuals who reside or have a business in these municipalities may qualify for tax relief.

The declaration permits the IRS to postpone certain deadlines for taxpayers who reside or have a business in the disaster area. For instance, certain deadlines falling on or after Sept. 8, and on or before Nov. 7, have been postponed to Nov. 7, 2011. This includes previously obtained extensions to file 2010 returns and the estimated tax payment for the third quarter, normally due Sept. 15.  

In addition, the IRS is waiving the failure-to-deposit penalties for employment and excise tax deposits due on or after Sept. 8, and on or before Sept. 23, as long as the deposits are made by Sept. 23, 2011.

If an affected taxpayer receives a penalty notice from the IRS, the taxpayer should call the telephone number on the notice to have the IRS abate any interest and any late filing or late payment penalties that would otherwise apply. Penalties or interest will be abated only for taxpayers who have an original or extended filing, payment or deposit due date, including an extended filing or payment due date, that falls within the postponement period.

The IRS automatically identifies taxpayers located in the covered disaster area and applies automatic filing and payment relief. But affected taxpayers who reside or have a business located outside the covered disaster area must call the IRS disaster hotline at 1-866-562-5227 to request this tax relief.

Covered Disaster Area

The municipalities listed above constitute a covered disaster area for purposes of Treas. Reg. § 301.7508A-1(d)(2) and are entitled to the relief detailed below.

Affected Taxpayers

Taxpayers considered to be affected taxpayers eligible for the postponement of time to file returns, pay taxes and perform other time-sensitive acts are those taxpayers listed in Treas. Reg. § 301.7508A-1(d)(1), and include individuals who live, and businesses whose principal place of business is located, in the covered disaster area. Taxpayers not in the covered disaster area, but whose records necessary to meet a deadline listed in Treas. Reg. § 301.7508A-1(c) are in the covered disaster area, are also entitled to relief. In addition, all relief workers affiliated with a recognized government or philanthropic organization assisting in the relief activities in the covered disaster area and any individual visiting the covered disaster area who was killed or injured as a result of the disaster are entitled to relief.

Grant of Relief

Under section 7508A, the IRS gives affected taxpayers until Nov. 7 to file most tax returns (including individual, corporate, and estate and trust income tax returns; partnership returns, S corporation returns, and trust returns; estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer tax returns; and employment and certain excise tax returns), or to make tax payments, including estimated tax payments, that have either an original or extended due date occurring on or after Sept. 8 and on or before Nov. 7.

The IRS also gives affected taxpayers until Nov. 7 to perform other time-sensitive actions described in Treas. Reg. § 301.7508A-1(c)(1) and Rev. Proc. 2007-56, 2007-34 I.R.B. 388 (Aug. 20, 2007), that are due to be performed on or after Sept. 8 and on or before Nov. 7.

This relief also includes the filing of Form 5500 series returns, in the manner described in section 8 of Rev. Proc. 2007-56. The relief described in section 17 of Rev. Proc. 2007-56, pertaining to like-kind exchanges of property, also applies to certain taxpayers who are not otherwise affected taxpayers and may include acts required to be performed before or after the period above.

The postponement of time to file and pay does not apply to information returns in the W-2, 1098, 1099 series, or to Forms 1042-S or 8027. Penalties for failure to timely file information returns can be waived under existing procedures for reasonable cause. Likewise, the postponement does not apply to employment and excise tax deposits. The IRS, however, will abate penalties for failure to make timely employment and excise tax deposits due on or after Sept. 8 and on or before Sept. 23 provided the taxpayer makes these deposits by Sept. 23.

Casualty Losses

Affected taxpayers in a federally declared disaster area have the option of claiming disaster-related casualty losses on their federal income tax return for either this year or last year. Claiming the loss on an original or amended return for last year will get the taxpayer an earlier refund, but waiting to claim the loss on this year’s return could result in a greater tax saving, depending on other income factors.

Individuals may deduct personal property losses that are not covered by insurance or other reimbursements. For details, see Form 4684 and its instructions.

Affected taxpayers claiming the disaster loss on last year’s return should put the Disaster Designation “Puerto Rico/Tropical Storm Maria” at the top of the form so that the IRS can expedite the processing of the refund.

Other Relief

The IRS will waive the usual fees and expedite requests for copies of previously filed tax returns for affected taxpayers. Taxpayers should put the assigned Disaster Designation in red ink at the top of Form 4506, Request for Copy of Tax Return, or Form 4506-T, Request for Transcript of Tax Return, as appropriate, and submit it to the IRS.

Affected taxpayers who are contacted by the IRS on a collection or examination matter should explain how the disaster impacts them so that the IRS can provide appropriate consideration to their case.

Taxpayers may download forms and publications from the official IRS website, irs.gov, or order them by calling 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676). The IRS toll-free number for general tax questions is 1-800-829-1040.

Related Information

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 18-Mar-2014

The Federal Tax Forms 2009

Federal tax forms 2009 Publication 501 - Main Content Table of Contents Who Must FileSelf-employed persons. Federal tax forms 2009 Filing Requirements for Most Taxpayers Dependents Other Situations Who Should File Filing StatusMarital Status Single Married Filing Jointly Married Filing Separately Head of Household Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child ExemptionsForm 1040EZ filers. Federal tax forms 2009 Form 1040A filers. Federal tax forms 2009 Form 1040 filers. Federal tax forms 2009 More information. Federal tax forms 2009 Personal Exemptions Exemptions for Dependents Qualifying Child Qualifying Relative Phaseout of Exemptions Social Security Numbers for DependentsBorn and died in 2013. Federal tax forms 2009 Taxpayer identification numbers for aliens. Federal tax forms 2009 Taxpayer identification numbers for adoptees. Federal tax forms 2009 Standard DeductionStandard Deduction Amount Standard Deduction for Dependents Who Should Itemize How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Who Must File If you are a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 citizen or resident alien, whether you must file a federal income tax return depends on your gross income, your filing status, your age, and whether you are a dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 For details, see Table 1 and Table 2. Federal tax forms 2009 You also must file if one of the situations described in Table 3 applies. Federal tax forms 2009 The filing requirements apply even if you owe no tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Table 1. Federal tax forms 2009 2013 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers IF your filing status is. Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 AND at the end of 2013 you were. Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 * THEN file a return if your gross income was at least. Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 ** single under 65  $10,000 65 or older $11,500 head of household under 65 $12,850 65 or older $14,350 married, filing jointly*** under 65 (both spouses) $20,000 65 or older (one spouse) $21,200 65 or older (both spouses) $22,400 married, filing separately any age  $3,900 qualifying widow(er) with dependent child under 65 $16,100 65 or older $17,300 * If you were born before January 2, 1949, you are considered to be 65 or older at the end of 2013. Federal tax forms 2009 ** Gross income means all income you receive in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax, including any income from sources outside the United States or from the sale of your main home (even if you can exclude part or all of it). Federal tax forms 2009 Do not include any social security benefits unless (a) you are married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time during 2013 or (b) one-half of your social security benefits plus your other gross income and any tax-exempt interest is more than $25,000 ($32,000 if married filing jointly). Federal tax forms 2009 If (a) or (b) applies, see the Form 1040 instructions to figure the taxable part of social security benefits you must include in gross income. Federal tax forms 2009 Gross income includes gains, but not losses, reported on Form 8949 or Schedule D. Federal tax forms 2009 Gross income from a business means, for example, the amount on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. Federal tax forms 2009 But in figuring gross income, do not reduce your income by any losses, including any loss on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. Federal tax forms 2009 *** If you did not live with your spouse at the end of 2013 (or on the date your spouse died) and your gross income was at least $3,900, you must file a return regardless of your age. Federal tax forms 2009 You may have to pay a penalty if you are required to file a return but fail to do so. Federal tax forms 2009 If you willfully fail to file a return, you may be subject to criminal prosecution. Federal tax forms 2009 For information on what form to use — Form 1040EZ, Form 1040A, or Form 1040 — see the instructions for your tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 Gross income. Federal tax forms 2009    Gross income is all income you receive in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax. Federal tax forms 2009 If you are married and live with your spouse in a community property state, half of any income defined by state law as community income may be considered yours. Federal tax forms 2009 For a list of community property states, see Community property states under Married Filing Separately, later. Federal tax forms 2009 Self-employed persons. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are self-employed in a business that provides services (where products are not a factor), your gross income from that business is the gross receipts. Federal tax forms 2009 If you are self-employed in a business involving manufacturing, merchandising, or mining, your gross income from that business is the total sales minus the cost of goods sold. Federal tax forms 2009 In either case, you must add any income from investments and from incidental or outside operations or sources. Federal tax forms 2009    You must file Form 1040 if you owe any self-employment tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Filing status. Federal tax forms 2009    Your filing status generally depends on whether you are single or married. Federal tax forms 2009 Whether you are single or married is determined at the end of your tax year, which is December 31 for most taxpayers. Federal tax forms 2009 Filing status is discussed in detail later in this publication. Federal tax forms 2009 Age. Federal tax forms 2009    Age is a factor in determining if you must file a return only if you are 65 or older at the end of your tax year. Federal tax forms 2009 For 2013, you are 65 or older if you were born before January 2, 1949. Federal tax forms 2009 Filing Requirements for Most Taxpayers You must file a return if your gross income for the year was at least the amount shown on the appropriate line in Table 1. Federal tax forms 2009 Dependents should see Table 2 instead. Federal tax forms 2009 Deceased Persons You must file an income tax return for a decedent (a person who died) if both of the following are true. Federal tax forms 2009 You are the surviving spouse, executor, administrator, or legal representative. Federal tax forms 2009 The decedent met the filing requirements described in this publication at the time of his or her death. Federal tax forms 2009 For more information, see Final Income Tax Return for Decedent — Form 1040 in Publication 559. Federal tax forms 2009 Table 2. Federal tax forms 2009 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents See Exemptions for Dependents to find out if you are a dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 If your parent (or someone else) can claim you as a dependent, use this table to see if you must file a return. Federal tax forms 2009  In this table, unearned income includes taxable interest, ordinary dividends, and capital gain distributions. Federal tax forms 2009 It also includes unemployment compensation, taxable social security benefits, pensions, annuities, and distributions of unearned income from a trust. Federal tax forms 2009 Earned income includes salaries, wages, tips, professional fees, and taxable scholarship and fellowship grants. Federal tax forms 2009 Gross income is the total of your unearned and earned income. Federal tax forms 2009 If your gross income was $3,900 or more, you usually cannot be claimed as a dependent unless you are a qualifying child. Federal tax forms 2009 For details, see Exemptions for Dependents. Federal tax forms 2009 Single dependents—Were you either age 65 or older or blind? □ No. Federal tax forms 2009 You must file a return if any of the following apply. Federal tax forms 2009 Your unearned income was more than $1,000. Federal tax forms 2009 Your earned income was more than $6,100. Federal tax forms 2009 Your gross income was more than the larger of— $1,000, or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $350. Federal tax forms 2009     □ Yes. Federal tax forms 2009 You must file a return if any of the following apply. Federal tax forms 2009 Your unearned income was more than $2,500 ($4,000 if 65 or older and blind). Federal tax forms 2009 Your earned income was more than $7,600 ($9,100 if 65 or older and blind). Federal tax forms 2009 Your gross income was more than the larger of—  $2,500 ($4,000 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $1,850 ($3,350 if 65 or older and blind). Federal tax forms 2009     Married dependents—Were you either age 65 or older or blind? □ No. Federal tax forms 2009 You must file a return if any of the following apply. Federal tax forms 2009 Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. Federal tax forms 2009 Your unearned income was more than $1,000. Federal tax forms 2009 Your earned income was more than $6,100. Federal tax forms 2009 Your gross income was more than the larger of— $1,000, or Your earned income (up to $5,750 plus $350. Federal tax forms 2009     □ Yes. Federal tax forms 2009 You must file a return if any of the following apply. Federal tax forms 2009 Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. Federal tax forms 2009 Your unearned income was more than $2,200 ($3,400 if 65 or older and blind). Federal tax forms 2009 Your earned income was more than $7,300 ($8,500 if 65 or older and blind). Federal tax forms 2009 Your gross income was more than the larger of— $2,200 ($3,400 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $1,550 ($2,750 if 65 or older and blind). Federal tax forms 2009     U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 Citizens or Resident Aliens Living Abroad To determine whether you must file a return, include in your gross income any income you earned or received abroad, including any income you can exclude under the foreign earned income exclusion. Federal tax forms 2009 For more information on special tax rules that may apply to you, see Publication 54, Tax Guide for U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad. Federal tax forms 2009 Residents of Puerto Rico If you are a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 citizen and also a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, you generally must file a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 income tax return for any year in which you meet the income requirements. Federal tax forms 2009 This is in addition to any legal requirement you may have to file an income tax return with Puerto Rico. Federal tax forms 2009 If you are a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the whole year, your U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 gross income does not include income from sources within Puerto Rico. Federal tax forms 2009 It does, however, include any income you received for your services as an employee of the United States or any U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 agency. Federal tax forms 2009 If you receive income from Puerto Rican sources that is not subject to U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 tax, you must reduce your standard deduction, which reduces the amount of income you can have before you must file a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 income tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 For more information, see Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 Possessions. Federal tax forms 2009 Individuals With Income From U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 Possessions If you had income from Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, or the U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 Virgin Islands, special rules may apply when determining whether you must file a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 federal income tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 In addition, you may have to file a return with the individual possession government. Federal tax forms 2009 See Publication 570 for more information. Federal tax forms 2009 Dependents A person who is a dependent may still have to file a return. Federal tax forms 2009 It depends on his or her earned income, unearned income, and gross income. Federal tax forms 2009 For details, see Table 2. Federal tax forms 2009 A dependent must also file if one of the situations described in Table 3 applies. Federal tax forms 2009 Responsibility of parent. Federal tax forms 2009    If a dependent child must file an income tax return but cannot file due to age or any other reason, a parent, guardian, or other legally responsible person must file it for the child. Federal tax forms 2009 If the child cannot sign the return, the parent or guardian must sign the child's name followed by the words “By (your signature), parent for minor child. Federal tax forms 2009 ” Earned income. Federal tax forms 2009    Earned income includes salaries, wages, professional fees, and other amounts received as pay for work you actually perform. Federal tax forms 2009 Earned income (only for purposes of filing requirements and the standard deduction) also includes any part of a scholarship that you must include in your gross income. Federal tax forms 2009 See chapter 1 of Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education, for more information on taxable and nontaxable scholarships. Federal tax forms 2009 Child's earnings. Federal tax forms 2009    Amounts a child earns by performing services are included in his or her gross income and not the gross income of the parent. Federal tax forms 2009 This is true even if under local law the child's parent has the right to the earnings and may actually have received them. Federal tax forms 2009 But if the child does not pay the tax due on this income, the parent is liable for the tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Unearned income. Federal tax forms 2009    Unearned income includes income such as interest, dividends, and capital gains. Federal tax forms 2009 Trust distributions of interest, dividends, capital gains, and survivor annuities are also considered unearned income. Federal tax forms 2009 Election to report child's unearned income on parent's return. Federal tax forms 2009    You may be able to include your child's interest and dividend income on your tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 If you do this, your child will not have to file a return. Federal tax forms 2009 To make this election, all of the following conditions must be met. Federal tax forms 2009 Your child was under age 19 (or under age 24 if a student) at the end of 2013. Federal tax forms 2009 (A child born on January 1, 1995, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2013; you cannot make the election for this child unless the child was a student. Federal tax forms 2009 Similarly, a child born on January 1, 1990, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2013; you cannot make the election for this child. Federal tax forms 2009 ) Your child had gross income only from interest and dividends (including capital gain distributions and Alaska Permanent Fund dividends). Federal tax forms 2009 The interest and dividend income was less than $10,000. Federal tax forms 2009 Your child is required to file a return for 2013 unless you make this election. Federal tax forms 2009 Your child does not file a joint return for 2013. Federal tax forms 2009 No estimated tax payment was made for 2013 and no 2012 overpayment was applied to 2013 under your child's name and social security number. Federal tax forms 2009 No federal income tax was withheld from your child's income under the backup withholding rules. Federal tax forms 2009 You are the parent whose return must be used when making the election to report your child's unearned income. Federal tax forms 2009   For more information, see Form 8814 and Parent's Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends in Publication 929. Federal tax forms 2009 Other Situations You may have to file a tax return even if your gross income is less than the amount shown in Table 1 or Table 2 for your filing status. Federal tax forms 2009 See Table 3 for those other situations when you must file. Federal tax forms 2009 Table 3. Federal tax forms 2009 Other Situations When You Must File a 2013 Return If any of the four conditions listed below applied to you for 2013, you must file a return. Federal tax forms 2009 1. Federal tax forms 2009 You owe any special taxes, including any of the following. Federal tax forms 2009   a. Federal tax forms 2009 Alternative minimum tax. Federal tax forms 2009 (See Form 6251. Federal tax forms 2009 )   b. Federal tax forms 2009 Additional tax on a qualified plan, including an individual retirement arrangement (IRA), or other tax-favored account. Federal tax forms 2009 (See Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs), and Publication 969, Health Savings Accounts and Other Tax-Favored Health Plans. Federal tax forms 2009 ) But if you are filing a return only because you owe this tax, you can file Form 5329 by itself. Federal tax forms 2009   c. Federal tax forms 2009 Social security or Medicare tax on tips you did not report to your employer (see Publication 531, Reporting Tip Income) or on wages you received from an employer who did not withhold these taxes (see Form 8919). Federal tax forms 2009   d. Federal tax forms 2009 Write-in taxes, including uncollected social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement tax on tips you reported to your employer or on group-term life insurance and additional tax on health savings accounts. Federal tax forms 2009 (See Publication 531, Publication 969, and the Form 1040 instructions for line 60. Federal tax forms 2009 )   e. Federal tax forms 2009 Household employment taxes. Federal tax forms 2009 But if you are filing a return only because you owe these taxes, you can file Schedule H (Form 1040) by itself. Federal tax forms 2009   f. Federal tax forms 2009 Recapture taxes. Federal tax forms 2009 (See the Form 1040 instructions for lines 44, 59b, and 60. Federal tax forms 2009 ) 2. Federal tax forms 2009 You (or your spouse if filing jointly) received Archer MSA, Medicare Advantage MSA, or health savings account distributions. Federal tax forms 2009 3. Federal tax forms 2009 You had net earnings from self-employment of at least $400. Federal tax forms 2009 (See Schedule SE (Form 1040) and its instructions. Federal tax forms 2009 ) 4. Federal tax forms 2009 You had wages of $108. Federal tax forms 2009 28 or more from a church or qualified church-controlled organization that is exempt from employer social security and Medicare taxes. Federal tax forms 2009 (See Schedule SE (Form 1040) and its instructions. Federal tax forms 2009 ) Who Should File Even if you do not have to file, you should file a tax return if you can get money back. Federal tax forms 2009 For example, you should file if one of the following applies. Federal tax forms 2009 You had income tax withheld from your pay. Federal tax forms 2009 You made estimated tax payments for the year or had any of your overpayment for last year applied to this year's estimated tax. Federal tax forms 2009 You qualify for the earned income credit. Federal tax forms 2009 See Publication 596, Earned Income Credit (EIC), for more information. Federal tax forms 2009 You qualify for the additional child tax credit. Federal tax forms 2009 See the instructions for the tax form you file (Form 1040 or 1040A) for more information. Federal tax forms 2009 You qualify for the refundable American opportunity education credit. Federal tax forms 2009 See Form 8863, Education Credits. Federal tax forms 2009 You qualify for the health coverage tax credit. Federal tax forms 2009 For information about this credit, see Form 8885, Health Coverage Tax Credit. Federal tax forms 2009 You qualify for the credit for federal tax on fuels. Federal tax forms 2009 See Form 4136, Credit for Federal Tax Paid on Fuels. Federal tax forms 2009 Form 1099-B received. Federal tax forms 2009    Even if you are not required to file a return, you should consider filing if all of the following apply. Federal tax forms 2009 You received a Form 1099-B, Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions (or substitute statement). Federal tax forms 2009 The amount in box 2a of Form 1099-B (or substitute statement), when added to your other gross income, means you have to file a tax return because of the filing requirement in Table 1 or Table 2 that applies to you. Federal tax forms 2009 Box 3 of Form 1099-B (or substitute statement) is blank. Federal tax forms 2009 In this case, filing a return may keep you from getting a notice from the IRS. Federal tax forms 2009 Filing Status You must determine your filing status before you can determine whether you must file a tax return, your standard deduction (discussed later), and your tax. Federal tax forms 2009 You also use your filing status to determine whether you are eligible to claim certain other deductions and credits. Federal tax forms 2009 There are five filing statuses: Single, Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately, Head of Household, and Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child. Federal tax forms 2009 If more than one filing status applies to you, choose the one that will give you the lowest tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Marital Status In general, your filing status depends on whether you are considered unmarried or married. Federal tax forms 2009 Unmarried persons. Federal tax forms 2009    You are considered unmarried for the whole year if, on the last day of your tax year, you are unmarried or legally separated from your spouse under a divorce or separate maintenance decree. Federal tax forms 2009   State law governs whether you are married or legally separated under a divorce or separate maintenance decree. Federal tax forms 2009 Divorced persons. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are divorced under a final decree by the last day of the year, you are considered unmarried for the whole year. Federal tax forms 2009 Divorce and remarriage. Federal tax forms 2009    If you obtain a divorce for the sole purpose of filing tax returns as unmarried individuals, and at the time of divorce you intend to and do, in fact, remarry each other in the next tax year, you and your spouse must file as married individuals in both years. Federal tax forms 2009 Annulled marriages. Federal tax forms 2009    If you obtain a court decree of annulment, which holds that no valid marriage ever existed, you are considered unmarried even if you filed joint returns for earlier years. Federal tax forms 2009 You must file amended returns (Form 1040X) claiming single or head of household status for all tax years that are affected by the annulment and not closed by the statute of limitations for filing a tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 Generally, for a credit or refund, you must file Form 1040X within 3 years (including extensions) after the date you filed your original return or within 2 years after the date you paid the tax, whichever is later. Federal tax forms 2009 If you filed your original tax return early (for example, March 1), your return is considered filed on the due date (generally April 15). Federal tax forms 2009 However, if you had an extension to file (for example, until October 15) but you filed earlier and we received it on July 1, your return is considered filed on July 1. Federal tax forms 2009 Head of household or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are considered unmarried, you may be able to file as a head of household or as a qualifying widow(er) with a dependent child. Federal tax forms 2009 See Head of Household and Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child to see if you qualify. Federal tax forms 2009 Married persons. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are considered married, you and your spouse can file a joint return or separate returns. Federal tax forms 2009 Considered married. Federal tax forms 2009    You are considered married for the whole year if, on the last day of your tax year, you and your spouse meet any one of the following tests. Federal tax forms 2009 You are married and living together. Federal tax forms 2009 You are living together in a common law marriage recognized in the state where you now live or in the state where the common law marriage began. Federal tax forms 2009 You are married and living apart but not legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. Federal tax forms 2009 You are separated under an interlocutory (not final) decree of divorce. Federal tax forms 2009 Same-sex marriage. Federal tax forms 2009    For federal tax purposes, individuals of the same sex are married if they were lawfully married in a state (or foreign country) whose laws authorize the marriage of two individuals of the same sex, even if the state (or foreign country) in which they now live does not recognize same-sex marriage. Federal tax forms 2009 The term "spouse" includes an individual married to a person of the same sex if the couple is lawfully married under state (or foreign) law. Federal tax forms 2009 However, individuals who have entered into a registered domestic partnership, civil union, or other similar relationship that is not called a marriage under state (or foreign) law are not married for federal tax purposes. Federal tax forms 2009   The word “state” as used here includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 territories and possessions. Federal tax forms 2009 It means any domestic jurisdiction that has the legal authority to sanction marriages. Federal tax forms 2009 The term “foreign country” means any foreign jurisdiction that has the legal authority to sanction marriages. Federal tax forms 2009   If individuals of the same sex are married, they generally must use the married filing jointly or married filing separately filing status. Federal tax forms 2009 However, if they did not live together during the last 6 months of the year, one or both of them may be able to use the head of household filing status, as explained later. Federal tax forms 2009   For more details, see Answers to Frequently Asked Questions For Individuals of the Same Sex Who Are Married Under State Law on IRS. Federal tax forms 2009 gov. Federal tax forms 2009 Spouse died during the year. Federal tax forms 2009    If your spouse died during the year, you are considered married for the whole year for filing status purposes. Federal tax forms 2009   If you did not remarry before the end of the tax year, you can file a joint return for yourself and your deceased spouse. Federal tax forms 2009 For the next 2 years, you may be entitled to the special benefits described later under Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child . Federal tax forms 2009   If you remarried before the end of the tax year, you can file a joint return with your new spouse. Federal tax forms 2009 Your deceased spouse's filing status is married filing separately for that year. Federal tax forms 2009 Married persons living apart. Federal tax forms 2009    If you live apart from your spouse and meet certain tests, you may be able to file as head of household even if you are not divorced or legally separated. Federal tax forms 2009 If you qualify to file as head of household instead of as married filing separately, your standard deduction will be higher. Federal tax forms 2009 Also, your tax may be lower, and you may be able to claim the earned income credit. Federal tax forms 2009 See Head of Household , later. Federal tax forms 2009 Single Your filing status is single if you are considered unmarried and you do not qualify for another filing status. Federal tax forms 2009 To determine your marital status, see Marital Status , earlier. Federal tax forms 2009 Widow(er). Federal tax forms 2009    Your filing status may be single if you were widowed before January 1, 2013, and did not remarry before the end of 2013. Federal tax forms 2009 You may, however, be able to use another filing status that will give you a lower tax. Federal tax forms 2009 See Head of Household and Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child , later, to see if you qualify. Federal tax forms 2009 How to file. Federal tax forms 2009    You can file Form 1040. Federal tax forms 2009 If you have taxable income of less than $100,000, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Federal tax forms 2009 If, in addition, you have no dependents, are under 65 and not blind, and meet other requirements, you can file Form 1040EZ. Federal tax forms 2009 If you file Form 1040A or Form 1040, show your filing status as single by checking the box on line 1. Federal tax forms 2009 Use the Single column of the Tax Table, or Section A of the Tax Computation Worksheet, to figure your tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Married Filing Jointly You can choose married filing jointly as your filing status if you are considered married and both you and your spouse agree to file a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 On a joint return, you and your spouse report your combined income and deduct your combined allowable expenses. Federal tax forms 2009 You can file a joint return even if one of you had no income or deductions. Federal tax forms 2009 If you and your spouse decide to file a joint return, your tax may be lower than your combined tax for the other filing statuses. Federal tax forms 2009 Also, your standard deduction (if you do not itemize deductions) may be higher, and you may qualify for tax benefits that do not apply to other filing statuses. Federal tax forms 2009 If you and your spouse each have income, you may want to figure your tax both on a joint return and on separate returns (using the filing status of married filing separately). Federal tax forms 2009 You can choose the method that gives the two of you the lower combined tax. Federal tax forms 2009 How to file. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file as married filing jointly, you can use Form 1040. Federal tax forms 2009 If you and your spouse have taxable income of less than $100,000, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Federal tax forms 2009 If, in addition, you and your spouse have no dependents, are both under 65 and not blind, and meet other requirements, you can file Form 1040EZ. Federal tax forms 2009 If you file Form 1040 or Form 1040A, show this filing status by checking the box on line 2. Federal tax forms 2009 Use the Married filing jointly column of the Tax Table, or Section B of the Tax Computation Worksheet, to figure your tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Spouse died. Federal tax forms 2009    If your spouse died during the year, you are considered married for the whole year and can choose married filing jointly as your filing status. Federal tax forms 2009 See Spouse died during the year , under Married persons, earlier. Federal tax forms 2009   If your spouse died in 2014 before filing a 2013 return, you can choose married filing jointly as your filing status on your 2013 return. Federal tax forms 2009 Divorced persons. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are divorced under a final decree by the last day of the year, you are considered unmarried for the whole year and you cannot choose married filing jointly as your filing status. Federal tax forms 2009 Filing a Joint Return Both you and your spouse must include all of your income, exemptions, and deductions on your joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 Accounting period. Federal tax forms 2009    Both of you must use the same accounting period, but you can use different accounting methods. Federal tax forms 2009 Joint responsibility. Federal tax forms 2009    Both of you may be held responsible, jointly and individually, for the tax and any interest or penalty due on your joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 This means that if one spouse does not pay the tax due, the other may have to. Federal tax forms 2009 Or, if one spouse does not report the correct tax, both spouses may be responsible for any additional taxes assessed by the IRS. Federal tax forms 2009 One spouse may be held responsible for all the tax due even if all the income was earned by the other spouse. Federal tax forms 2009   You may want to file separately if: You believe your spouse is not reporting all of his or her income, or You do not want to be responsible for any taxes due if your spouse does not have enough tax withheld or does not pay enough estimated tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Divorced taxpayer. Federal tax forms 2009    You may be held jointly and individually responsible for any tax, interest, and penalties due on a joint return filed before your divorce. Federal tax forms 2009 This responsibility may apply even if your divorce decree states that your former spouse will be responsible for any amounts due on previously filed joint returns. Federal tax forms 2009 Relief from joint responsibility. Federal tax forms 2009    In some cases, one spouse may be relieved of joint responsibility for tax, interest, and penalties on a joint return for items of the other spouse that were incorrectly reported on the joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 You can ask for relief no matter how small the liability. Federal tax forms 2009   There are three types of relief available. Federal tax forms 2009 Innocent spouse relief. Federal tax forms 2009 Separation of liability (available only to joint filers who are divorced, widowed, legally separated, or who have not lived together for the 12 months ending on the date the election for this relief is filed). Federal tax forms 2009 Equitable relief. Federal tax forms 2009    You must file Form 8857, Request for Innocent Spouse Relief, to request relief from joint responsibility. Federal tax forms 2009 Publication 971, Innocent Spouse Relief, explains the kinds of relief and who may qualify for them. Federal tax forms 2009 Signing a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009    For a return to be considered a joint return, both spouses generally must sign the return. Federal tax forms 2009 Spouse died before signing. Federal tax forms 2009    If your spouse died before signing the return, the executor or administrator must sign the return for your spouse. Federal tax forms 2009 If neither you nor anyone else has been appointed as executor or administrator, you can sign the return for your spouse and enter “Filing as surviving spouse” in the area where you sign the return. Federal tax forms 2009 Spouse away from home. Federal tax forms 2009    If your spouse is away from home, you should prepare the return, sign it, and send it to your spouse to sign so it can be filed on time. Federal tax forms 2009 Injury or disease prevents signing. Federal tax forms 2009    If your spouse cannot sign because of injury or disease and tells you to sign for him or her, you can sign your spouse's name in the proper space on the return followed by the words “By (your name), Husband (or Wife). Federal tax forms 2009 ” Be sure to also sign in the space provided for your signature. Federal tax forms 2009 Attach a dated statement, signed by you, to the return. Federal tax forms 2009 The statement should include the form number of the return you are filing, the tax year, and the reason your spouse cannot sign, and should state that your spouse has agreed to your signing for him or her. Federal tax forms 2009 Signing as guardian of spouse. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are the guardian of your spouse who is mentally incompetent, you can sign the return for your spouse as guardian. Federal tax forms 2009 Spouse in combat zone. Federal tax forms 2009    You can sign a joint return for your spouse if your spouse cannot sign because he or she is serving in a combat zone (such as the Persian Gulf area, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, or Afghanistan), even if you do not have a power of attorney or other statement. Federal tax forms 2009 Attach a signed statement to your return explaining that your spouse is serving in a combat zone. Federal tax forms 2009 For more information on special tax rules for persons who are serving in a combat zone, or who are in missing status as a result of serving in a combat zone, see Publication 3, Armed Forces' Tax Guide. Federal tax forms 2009 Other reasons spouse cannot sign. Federal tax forms 2009    If your spouse cannot sign the joint return for any other reason, you can sign for your spouse only if you are given a valid power of attorney (a legal document giving you permission to act for your spouse). Federal tax forms 2009 Attach the power of attorney (or a copy of it) to your tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 You can use Form 2848. Federal tax forms 2009 Nonresident alien or dual-status alien. Federal tax forms 2009    Generally, a married couple cannot file a joint return if either one is a nonresident alien at any time during the tax year. Federal tax forms 2009 However, if one spouse was a nonresident alien or dual-status alien who was married to a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 citizen or resident alien at the end of the year, the spouses can choose to file a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 If you do file a joint return, you and your spouse are both treated as U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 residents for the entire tax year. Federal tax forms 2009 See chapter 1 of Publication 519. Federal tax forms 2009 Married Filing Separately You can choose married filing separately as your filing status if you are married. Federal tax forms 2009 This filing status may benefit you if you want to be responsible only for your own tax or if it results in less tax than filing a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 If you and your spouse do not agree to file a joint return, you must use this filing status unless you qualify for head of household status, discussed later. Federal tax forms 2009 You may be able to choose head of household filing status if you are considered unmarried because you live apart from your spouse and meet certain tests (explained later, under Head of Household ). Federal tax forms 2009 This can apply to you even if you are not divorced or legally separated. Federal tax forms 2009 If you qualify to file as head of household, instead of as married filing separately, your tax may be lower, you may be able to claim the earned income credit and certain other credits, and your standard deduction will be higher. Federal tax forms 2009 The head of household filing status allows you to choose the standard deduction even if your spouse chooses to itemize deductions. Federal tax forms 2009 See Head of Household , later, for more information. Federal tax forms 2009 You will generally pay more combined tax on separate returns than you would on a joint return for the reasons listed under Special Rules, later. Federal tax forms 2009 However, unless you are required to file separately, you should figure your tax both ways (on a joint return and on separate returns). Federal tax forms 2009 This way you can make sure you are using the filing status that results in the lowest combined tax. Federal tax forms 2009 When figuring the combined tax of a married couple, you may want to consider state taxes as well as federal taxes. Federal tax forms 2009 How to file. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file a separate return, you generally report only your own income, exemptions, credits, and deductions. Federal tax forms 2009 You can claim an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse had no gross income, is not filing a return, and was not the dependent of another person. Federal tax forms 2009   You can file Form 1040. Federal tax forms 2009 If your taxable income is less than $100,000, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Federal tax forms 2009 Select this filing status by checking the box on line 3 of either form. Federal tax forms 2009 Enter your spouse's full name and SSN or ITIN in the spaces provided. Federal tax forms 2009 If your spouse does not have and is not required to have an SSN or ITIN, enter “NRA” in the space for your spouse's SSN. Federal tax forms 2009 Use the Married filing separately column of the Tax Table or Section C of the Tax Computation Worksheet to figure your tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Special Rules If you choose married filing separately as your filing status, the following special rules apply. Federal tax forms 2009 Because of these special rules, you usually pay more tax on a separate return than if you use another filing status you qualify for. Federal tax forms 2009 Your tax rate generally is higher than on a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 Your exemption amount for figuring the alternative minimum tax is half that allowed on a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot take the credit for child and dependent care expenses in most cases, and the amount you can exclude from income under an employer's dependent care assistance program is limited to $2,500 (instead of $5,000 on a joint return). Federal tax forms 2009 If you are legally separated or living apart from your spouse, you may be able to file a separate return and still take the credit. Federal tax forms 2009 See Joint Return Test in Publication 503, Child and Dependent Care Expenses, for more information. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot take the earned income credit. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot take the exclusion or credit for adoption expenses in most cases. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot take the education credits (the American opportunity credit and lifetime learning credit), the deduction for student loan interest, or the tuition and fees deduction. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot exclude any interest income from qualified U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 savings bonds you used for higher education expenses. Federal tax forms 2009 If you lived with your spouse at any time during the tax year: You cannot claim the credit for the elderly or the disabled, and You must include in income a greater percentage (up to 85%) of any social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits you received. Federal tax forms 2009 The following credits and deductions are reduced at income levels half those for a joint return: The child tax credit, The retirement savings contributions credit, The deduction for personal exemptions, and Itemized deductions. Federal tax forms 2009 Your capital loss deduction limit is $1,500 (instead of $3,000 on a joint return). Federal tax forms 2009 If your spouse itemizes deductions, you cannot claim the standard deduction. Federal tax forms 2009 If you can claim the standard deduction, your basic standard deduction is half the amount allowed on a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 Adjusted gross income (AGI) limits. Federal tax forms 2009    If your AGI on a separate return is lower than it would have been on a joint return, you may be able to deduct a larger amount for certain deductions that are limited by AGI, such as medical expenses. Federal tax forms 2009 Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). Federal tax forms 2009    You may not be able to deduct all or part of your contributions to a traditional IRA if you or your spouse were covered by an employee retirement plan at work during the year. Federal tax forms 2009 Your deduction is reduced or eliminated if your income is more than a certain amount. Federal tax forms 2009 This amount is much lower for married individuals who file separately and lived together at any time during the year. Federal tax forms 2009 For more information, see How Much Can You Deduct? in chapter 1 of Publication 590. Federal tax forms 2009 Rental activity losses. Federal tax forms 2009    If you actively participated in a passive rental real estate activity that produced a loss, you generally can deduct the loss from your nonpassive income up to $25,000. Federal tax forms 2009 This is called a special allowance. Federal tax forms 2009 However, married persons filing separate returns who lived together at any time during the year cannot claim this special allowance. Federal tax forms 2009 Married persons filing separate returns who lived apart at all times during the year are each allowed a $12,500 maximum special allowance for losses from passive real estate activities. Federal tax forms 2009 See Rental Activities in Publication 925, Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules. Federal tax forms 2009 Community property states. Federal tax forms 2009    If you live in Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, or Wisconsin and file separately, your income may be considered separate income or community income for income tax purposes. Federal tax forms 2009 See Publication 555, Community Property. Federal tax forms 2009 Joint Return After Separate Returns You can change your filing status from a separate return to a joint return by filing an amended return using Form 1040X. Federal tax forms 2009 You generally can change to a joint return any time within 3 years from the due date of the separate return or returns. Federal tax forms 2009 This does not include any extensions. Federal tax forms 2009 A separate return includes a return filed by you or your spouse claiming married filing separately, single, or head of household filing status. Federal tax forms 2009 Separate Returns After Joint Return Once you file a joint return, you cannot choose to file separate returns for that year after the due date of the return. Federal tax forms 2009 Exception. Federal tax forms 2009    A personal representative for a decedent can change from a joint return elected by the surviving spouse to a separate return for the decedent. Federal tax forms 2009 The personal representative has 1 year from the due date (including extensions) of the return to make the change. Federal tax forms 2009 See Publication 559 for more information on filing income tax returns for a decedent. Federal tax forms 2009 Head of Household You may be able to file as head of household if you meet all the following requirements. Federal tax forms 2009 You are unmarried or considered unmarried on the last day of the year. Federal tax forms 2009 See Marital Status , earlier, and Considered Unmarried , later. Federal tax forms 2009 You paid more than half the cost of keeping up a home for the year. Federal tax forms 2009 A qualifying person lived with you in the home for more than half the year (except for temporary absences, such as school). Federal tax forms 2009 However, if the qualifying person is your dependent parent, he or she does not have to live with you. Federal tax forms 2009 See Special rule for parent , later, under Qualifying Person. Federal tax forms 2009 If you qualify to file as head of household, your tax rate usually will be lower than the rates for single or married filing separately. Federal tax forms 2009 You will also receive a higher standard deduction than if you file as single or married filing separately. Federal tax forms 2009 How to file. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file as head of household, you can use Form 1040. Federal tax forms 2009 If you have taxable income of less than $100,000 and meet certain other conditions, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Federal tax forms 2009 Indicate your choice of this filing status by checking the box on line 4 of either form. Federal tax forms 2009 Use the Head of a household column of the Tax Table or Section D of the Tax Computation Worksheet to figure your tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Considered Unmarried To qualify for head of household status, you must be either unmarried or considered unmarried on the last day of the year. Federal tax forms 2009 You are considered unmarried on the last day of the tax year if you meet all the following tests. Federal tax forms 2009 You file a separate return (defined earlier under Joint Return After Separate Returns ). Federal tax forms 2009 You paid more than half the cost of keeping up your home for the tax year. Federal tax forms 2009 Your spouse did not live in your home during the last 6 months of the tax year. Federal tax forms 2009 Your spouse is considered to live in your home even if he or she is temporarily absent due to special circumstances. Federal tax forms 2009 See Temporary absences , later. Federal tax forms 2009 Your home was the main home of your child, stepchild, or foster child for more than half the year. Federal tax forms 2009 (See Home of qualifying person , later, for rules applying to a child's birth, death, or temporary absence during the year. Federal tax forms 2009 ) You must be able to claim an exemption for the child. Federal tax forms 2009 However, you meet this test if you cannot claim the exemption only because the noncustodial parent can claim the child using the rules described later in Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) under Qualifying Child or in Support Test for Children of Divorced or Separated Parents (or Parents Who Live Apart) under Qualifying Relative. Federal tax forms 2009 The general rules for claiming an exemption for a dependent are explained later under Exemptions for Dependents . Federal tax forms 2009 If you were considered married for part of the year and lived in a community property state (listed earlier under Married Filing Separately), special rules may apply in determining your income and expenses. Federal tax forms 2009 See Publication 555 for more information. Federal tax forms 2009 Nonresident alien spouse. Federal tax forms 2009    You are considered unmarried for head of household purposes if your spouse was a nonresident alien at any time during the year and you do not choose to treat your nonresident spouse as a resident alien. Federal tax forms 2009 However, your spouse is not a qualifying person for head of household purposes. Federal tax forms 2009 You must have another qualifying person and meet the other tests to be eligible to file as a head of household. Federal tax forms 2009 Choice to treat spouse as resident. Federal tax forms 2009    You are considered married if you choose to treat your spouse as a resident alien. Federal tax forms 2009 See chapter 1 of Publication 519. Federal tax forms 2009 Keeping Up a Home To qualify for head of household status, you must pay more than half of the cost of keeping up a home for the year. Federal tax forms 2009 You can determine whether you paid more than half of the cost of keeping up a home by using Worksheet 1. Federal tax forms 2009 Worksheet 1. Federal tax forms 2009 Cost of Keeping Up a Home         Amount You  Paid Total  Cost Property taxes $ $ Mortgage interest expense     Rent     Utility charges     Repairs/maintenance     Property insurance     Food consumed on the premises     Other household expenses     Totals $ $       Minus total amount you paid   ()       Amount others paid   $       If the total amount you paid is more than the amount others paid, you meet the requirement of paying more than half the cost of keeping up the home. Federal tax forms 2009 Costs you include. Federal tax forms 2009    Include in the cost of keeping up a home expenses such as rent, mortgage interest, real estate taxes, insurance on the home, repairs, utilities, and food eaten in the home. Federal tax forms 2009   If you used payments you received under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) or other public assistance programs to pay part of the cost of keeping up your home, you cannot count them as money you paid. Federal tax forms 2009 However, you must include them in the total cost of keeping up your home to figure if you paid over half the cost. Federal tax forms 2009 Costs you do not include. Federal tax forms 2009    Do not include the cost of clothing, education, medical treatment, vacations, life insurance, or transportation. Federal tax forms 2009 Also, do not include the rental value of a home you own or the value of your services or those of a member of your household. Federal tax forms 2009 Qualifying Person See Table 4 to see who is a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 Any person not described in Table 4 is not a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 Example 1—child. Federal tax forms 2009 Your unmarried son lived with you all year and was 18 years old at the end of the year. Federal tax forms 2009 He did not provide more than half of his own support and does not meet the tests to be a qualifying child of anyone else. Federal tax forms 2009 As a result, he is your qualifying child (see Qualifying Child , later) and, because he is single, your qualifying person for head of household purposes. Federal tax forms 2009 Example 2—child who is not qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 The facts are the same as in Example 1 except your son was 25 years old at the end of the year and his gross income was $5,000. Federal tax forms 2009 Because he does not meet the age test (explained later under Qualifying Child), your son is not your qualifying child. Federal tax forms 2009 Because he does not meet the gross income test (explained later under Qualifying Relative), he is not your qualifying relative. Federal tax forms 2009 As a result, he is not your qualifying person for head of household purposes. Federal tax forms 2009 Example 3—girlfriend. Federal tax forms 2009 Your girlfriend lived with you all year. Federal tax forms 2009 Even though she may be your qualifying relative if the gross income and support tests (explained later) are met, she is not your qualifying person for head of household purposes because she is not related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you . Federal tax forms 2009 See Table 4. Federal tax forms 2009 Example 4—girlfriend's child. Federal tax forms 2009 The facts are the same as in Example 3 except your girlfriend's 10-year-old son also lived with you all year. Federal tax forms 2009 He is not your qualifying child and, because he is your girlfriend's qualifying child, he is not your qualifying relative (see Not a Qualifying Child Test , later). Federal tax forms 2009 As a result, he is not your qualifying person for head of household purposes. Federal tax forms 2009 Home of qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009    Generally, the qualifying person must live with you for more than half of the year. Federal tax forms 2009 Special rule for parent. Federal tax forms 2009    If your qualifying person is your father or mother, you may be eligible to file as head of household even if your father or mother does not live with you. Federal tax forms 2009 However, you must be able to claim an exemption for your father or mother. Federal tax forms 2009 Also, you must pay more than half the cost of keeping up a home that was the main home for the entire year for your father or mother. Federal tax forms 2009   You are keeping up a main home for your father or mother if you pay more than half the cost of keeping your parent in a rest home or home for the elderly. Federal tax forms 2009 Death or birth. Federal tax forms 2009    You may be eligible to file as head of household even if the qualifying person who qualifies you for this filing status is born or dies during the year. Federal tax forms 2009 To qualify you for head of household filing status, the qualifying person (as defined in Table 4) must be one of the following. Federal tax forms 2009 Your qualifying child or qualifying relative who lived with you for more than half the part of the year he or she was alive. Federal tax forms 2009 Your parent for whom you paid, for the entire part of the year he or she was alive, more than half the cost of keeping up the home he or she lived in. Federal tax forms 2009 Example. Federal tax forms 2009 You are unmarried. Federal tax forms 2009 Your mother, for whom you can claim an exemption, lived in an apartment by herself. Federal tax forms 2009 She died on September 2. Federal tax forms 2009 The cost of the upkeep of her apartment for the year until her death was $6,000. Federal tax forms 2009 You paid $4,000 and your brother paid $2,000. Federal tax forms 2009 Your brother made no other payments towards your mother's support. Federal tax forms 2009 Your mother had no income. Federal tax forms 2009 Because you paid more than half of the cost of keeping up your mother's apartment from January 1 until her death, and you can claim an exemption for her, you can file as a head of household. Federal tax forms 2009 Temporary absences. Federal tax forms 2009    You and your qualifying person are considered to live together even if one or both of you are temporarily absent from your home due to special circumstances such as illness, education, business, vacation, or military service. Federal tax forms 2009 It must be reasonable to assume the absent person will return to the home after the temporary absence. Federal tax forms 2009 You must continue to keep up the home during the absence. Federal tax forms 2009 Kidnapped child. Federal tax forms 2009    You may be eligible to file as head of household even if the child who is your qualifying person has been kidnapped. Federal tax forms 2009 You can claim head of household filing status if all the following statements are true. Federal tax forms 2009 The child is presumed by law enforcement authorities to have been kidnapped by someone who is not a member of your family or the child's family. Federal tax forms 2009 In the year of the kidnapping, the child lived with you for more than half the part of the year before the kidnapping. Federal tax forms 2009 You would have qualified for head of household filing status if the child had not been kidnapped. Federal tax forms 2009   This treatment applies for all years until the earliest of: The year the child is returned, The year there is a determination that the child is dead, or The year the child would have reached age 18. Federal tax forms 2009 Qualifying Widow(er) With Dependent Child If your spouse died in 2013, you can use married filing jointly as your filing status for 2013 if you otherwise qualify to use that status. Federal tax forms 2009 The year of death is the last year for which you can file jointly with your deceased spouse. Federal tax forms 2009 See Married Filing Jointly , earlier. Federal tax forms 2009 You may be eligible to use qualifying widow(er) with dependent child as your filing status for 2 years following the year your spouse died. Federal tax forms 2009 For example, if your spouse died in 2012 and you have not remarried, you may be able to use this filing status for 2013 and 2014. Federal tax forms 2009 The rules for using this filing status are explained in detail here. Federal tax forms 2009 This filing status entitles you to use joint return tax rates and the highest standard deduction amount (if you do not itemize deductions). Federal tax forms 2009 It does not entitle you to file a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 How to file. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, you can use Form 1040. Federal tax forms 2009 If you also have taxable income of less than $100,000 and meet certain other conditions, you may be able to file Form 1040A. Federal tax forms 2009 Check the box on line 5 of either form. Federal tax forms 2009 Use the Married filing jointly column of the Tax Table or Section B of the Tax Computation Worksheet to figure your tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Table 4. Federal tax forms 2009 Who Is a Qualifying Person Qualifying You To File as Head of Household?1 See the text of this publication for the other requirements you must meet to claim head of household filing status. Federal tax forms 2009 IF the person is your . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009   AND . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009   THEN that person is . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 . Federal tax forms 2009 qualifying child (such as a son, daughter, or grandchild who lived with you more than half the year and meets certain other tests)2   he or she is single   a qualifying person, whether or not you can claim an exemption for the person. Federal tax forms 2009   he or she is married and you can claim an exemption for him or her   a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009   he or she is married and you cannot claim an exemption for him or her   not a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 3 qualifying relative4 who is your father or mother   you can claim an exemption for him or her5   a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 6   you cannot claim an exemption for him or her   not a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 qualifying relative4 other than your father or mother (such as a grandparent, brother, or sister who meets certain tests). Federal tax forms 2009   he or she lived with you more than half the year, and he or she is related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , later, and you can claim an exemption for him or her5   a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009   he or she did not live with you more than half the year   not a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009   he or she is not related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , later, and is your qualifying relative only because he or she lived with you all year as a member of your household   not a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009   you cannot claim an exemption for him or her   not a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 1 A person cannot qualify more than one taxpayer to use the head of household filing status for the year. Federal tax forms 2009 2 The term “qualifying child” is defined under Exemptions for Dependents, later. Federal tax forms 2009 Note: If you are a noncustodial parent, the term “qualifying child” for head of household filing status does not include a child who is your qualifying child for exemption purposes only because of the rules described under Children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart) under Qualifying Child, later. Federal tax forms 2009 If you are the custodial parent and those rules apply, the child generally is your qualifying child for head of household filing status even though the child is not a qualifying child for whom you can claim an exemption. Federal tax forms 2009 3 This person is a qualifying person if the only reason you cannot claim the exemption is that you can be claimed as a dependent on someone else's return. Federal tax forms 2009 4 The term “qualifying relative” is defined under Exemptions for Dependents, later. Federal tax forms 2009 5 If you can claim an exemption for a person only because of a multiple support agreement, that person is not a qualifying person. Federal tax forms 2009 See Multiple Support Agreement . Federal tax forms 2009 6 See Special rule for parent . Federal tax forms 2009 Eligibility rules. Federal tax forms 2009    You are eligible to file your 2013 return as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child if you meet all the following tests. Federal tax forms 2009 You were entitled to file a joint return with your spouse for the year your spouse died. Federal tax forms 2009 It does not matter whether you actually filed a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 Your spouse died in 2011 or 2012 and you did not remarry before the end of 2013. Federal tax forms 2009 You have a child or stepchild for whom you can claim an exemption. Federal tax forms 2009 This does not include a foster child. Federal tax forms 2009 This child lived in your home all year, except for temporary absences. Federal tax forms 2009 See Temporary absences , earlier, under Head of Household. Federal tax forms 2009 There are also exceptions, described later, for a child who was born or died during the year and for a kidnapped child. Federal tax forms 2009 You paid more than half the cost of keeping up a home for the year. Federal tax forms 2009 See Keeping Up a Home , earlier, under Head of Household. Federal tax forms 2009 Example. Federal tax forms 2009 John's wife died in 2011. Federal tax forms 2009 John has not remarried. Federal tax forms 2009 He has continued during 2012 and 2013 to keep up a home for himself and his child, who lives with him and for whom he can claim an exemption. Federal tax forms 2009 For 2011 he was entitled to file a joint return for himself and his deceased wife. Federal tax forms 2009 For 2012 and 2013, he can file as a qualifying widower with a dependent child. Federal tax forms 2009 After 2013, he can file as head of household if he qualifies. Federal tax forms 2009 Death or birth. Federal tax forms 2009    You may be eligible to file as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child if the child who qualifies you for this filing status is born or dies during the year. Federal tax forms 2009 You must have provided more than half of the cost of keeping up a home that was the child's main home during the entire part of the year he or she was alive. Federal tax forms 2009 Kidnapped child. Federal tax forms 2009    You may be eligible to file as a qualifying widow(er) with dependent child even if the child who qualifies you for this filing status has been kidnapped. Federal tax forms 2009 You can claim qualifying widow(er) with dependent child filing status if all the following statements are true. Federal tax forms 2009 The child is presumed by law enforcement authorities to have been kidnapped by someone who is not a member of your family or the child's family. Federal tax forms 2009 In the year of the kidnapping, the child lived with you for more than half the part of the year before the kidnapping. Federal tax forms 2009 You would have qualified for qualifying widow(er) with dependent child filing status if the child had not been kidnapped. Federal tax forms 2009 As mentioned earlier, this filing status is available for only 2 years following the year your spouse died. Federal tax forms 2009 Exemptions Exemptions reduce your taxable income. Federal tax forms 2009 You can deduct $3,900 for each exemption you claim in 2013. Federal tax forms 2009 If you are entitled to two exemptions for 2013, you can deduct $7,800 ($3,900 × 2). Federal tax forms 2009 But you may lose the benefit of part or all of your exemptions if your adjusted gross income is above a certain amount. Federal tax forms 2009 See Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Federal tax forms 2009 Types of exemptions. Federal tax forms 2009    There are two types of exemptions you may be able to take: Personal exemptions for yourself and your spouse, and Exemptions for dependents (dependency exemptions). Federal tax forms 2009 While each is worth the same amount ($3,900 for 2013), different rules, discussed later, apply to each type. Federal tax forms 2009 Dependent cannot claim a personal exemption. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are entitled to claim an exemption for a dependent (such as your child), that dependent cannot claim a personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 How to claim exemptions. Federal tax forms 2009    How you claim an exemption on your tax return depends on which form you file. Federal tax forms 2009 Form 1040EZ filers. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file Form 1040EZ, the exemption amount is combined with the standard deduction and entered on line 5. Federal tax forms 2009 Form 1040A filers. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file Form 1040A, complete lines 6a through 6d. Federal tax forms 2009 The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Federal tax forms 2009 Also complete line 26. Federal tax forms 2009 Form 1040 filers. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file Form 1040, complete lines 6a through 6d. Federal tax forms 2009 The total number of exemptions you can claim is the total in the box on line 6d. Federal tax forms 2009 Also complete line 42. Federal tax forms 2009 If your adjusted gross income is more than $150,000, see Phaseout of Exemptions , later. Federal tax forms 2009 U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 citizen or resident alien. Federal tax forms 2009    If you are a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 citizen, U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 resident alien, U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 national (defined later) or a resident of Canada or Mexico, you may qualify for any of the exemptions discussed here. Federal tax forms 2009 Nonresident aliens. Federal tax forms 2009    Generally, if you are a nonresident alien (other than a resident of Canada or Mexico, or certain residents of India or Korea), you can qualify for only one personal exemption for yourself. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot claim exemptions for a spouse or dependents. Federal tax forms 2009   These restrictions do not apply if you are a nonresident alien married to a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 citizen or resident alien and have chosen to be treated as a resident of the United States. Federal tax forms 2009 More information. Federal tax forms 2009    For more information on exemptions if you are a nonresident alien, see chapter 5 in Publication 519. Federal tax forms 2009 Dual-status taxpayers. Federal tax forms 2009    If you have been both a nonresident alien and a resident alien in the same tax year, you should see Publication 519 for information on determining your exemptions. Federal tax forms 2009 Personal Exemptions You are generally allowed one exemption for yourself. Federal tax forms 2009 If you are married, you may be allowed one exemption for your spouse. Federal tax forms 2009 These are called personal exemptions. Federal tax forms 2009 Your Own Exemption You can take one exemption for yourself unless you can be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Federal tax forms 2009 If another taxpayer is entitled to claim you as a dependent, you cannot take an exemption for yourself even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim you as a dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 Your Spouse's Exemption Your spouse is never considered your dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 Joint return. Federal tax forms 2009    On a joint return, you can claim one exemption for yourself and one for your spouse. Federal tax forms 2009 Separate return. Federal tax forms 2009    If you file a separate return, you can claim an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse had no gross income, is not filing a return, and was not the dependent of another taxpayer. Federal tax forms 2009 This is true even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim your spouse as a dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 You can claim an exemption for your spouse even if he or she is a nonresident alien; in that case, your spouse must have no gross income for U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 tax purposes and satisfy the other conditions listed above. Federal tax forms 2009 Head of household. Federal tax forms 2009    If you qualify for head of household filing status because you are considered unmarried, you can claim an exemption for your spouse if the conditions described in the preceding paragraph are satisfied. Federal tax forms 2009   To claim the exemption for your spouse, check the box on line 6b of Form 1040 or Form 1040A and enter the name of your spouse in the space to the right of the box. Federal tax forms 2009 Enter the SSN or ITIN of your spouse in the space provided at the top of Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Federal tax forms 2009 Death of spouse. Federal tax forms 2009    If your spouse died during the year and you file a joint return for yourself and your deceased spouse, you generally can claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just explained in Joint return . Federal tax forms 2009 If you file a separate return for the year, you may be able to claim your spouse's exemption under the rules just described in Separate return . Federal tax forms 2009   If you remarried during the year, you cannot take an exemption for your deceased spouse. Federal tax forms 2009   If you are a surviving spouse without gross income and you remarry in the year your spouse died, you can be claimed as an exemption on both the final separate return of your deceased spouse and the separate return of your new spouse for that year. Federal tax forms 2009 If you file a joint return with your new spouse, you can be claimed as an exemption only on that return. Federal tax forms 2009 Divorced or separated spouse. Federal tax forms 2009    If you obtained a final decree of divorce or separate maintenance during the year, you cannot take your former spouse's exemption. Federal tax forms 2009 This rule applies even if you provided all of your former spouse's support. Federal tax forms 2009 Exemptions for Dependents You are allowed one exemption for each person you can claim as a dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 You can claim an exemption for a dependent even if your dependent files a return. Federal tax forms 2009 The term “dependent” means: A qualifying child, or A qualifying relative. Federal tax forms 2009 The terms “ qualifying child ” and “ qualifying relative ” are defined later. Federal tax forms 2009 You can claim an exemption for a qualifying child or qualifying relative only if these three tests are met. Federal tax forms 2009 Dependent taxpayer test. Federal tax forms 2009 Joint return test. Federal tax forms 2009 Citizen or resident test. Federal tax forms 2009 These three tests are explained in detail later. Federal tax forms 2009 All the requirements for claiming an exemption for a dependent are summarized in Table 5. Federal tax forms 2009 Table 5. Federal tax forms 2009 Overview of the Rules for Claiming an Exemption for a Dependent This table is only an overview of the rules. Federal tax forms 2009 For details, see the rest of this publication. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot claim any dependents if you, or your spouse if filing jointly, could be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Federal tax forms 2009   You cannot claim a married person who files a joint return as a dependent unless that joint return is filed only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid. Federal tax forms 2009   You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 citizen, U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 resident alien, U. Federal tax forms 2009 S. Federal tax forms 2009 national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. Federal tax forms 2009 1  You cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is your qualifying child or qualifying relative. Federal tax forms 2009   Tests To Be a Qualifying Child Tests To Be a Qualifying Relative The child must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them. Federal tax forms 2009   The child must be (a) under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse if filing jointly), (b) under age 24 at the end of the year, a student, and younger than you (or your spouse if filing jointly), or (c) any age if permanently and totally disabled. Federal tax forms 2009   The child must have lived with you for more than half of the year. Federal tax forms 2009 2  The child must not have provided more than half of his or her own support for the year. Federal tax forms 2009   The child is not filing a joint return for the year (unless that joint return is filed only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid). Federal tax forms 2009  If the child meets the rules to be a qualifying child of more than one person, only one person can actually treat the child as a qualifying child. Federal tax forms 2009 See the Special Rule for Qualifying Child of More Than One Person described later to find out which person is the person entitled to claim the child as a qualifying child. Federal tax forms 2009 The person cannot be your qualifying child or the qualifying child of any other taxpayer. Federal tax forms 2009   The person either (a) must be related to you in one of the ways listed under Relatives who do not have to live with you , or (b) must live with you all year as a member of your household2 (and your relationship must not violate local law). Federal tax forms 2009   The person's gross income for the year must be less than $3,900. Federal tax forms 2009 3  You must provide more than half of the person's total support for the year. Federal tax forms 2009 4  1 There is an exception for certain adopted children. Federal tax forms 2009 2 There are exceptions for temporary absences, children who were born or died during the year, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Federal tax forms 2009 3 There is an exception if the person is disabled and has income from a sheltered workshop. Federal tax forms 2009 4 There are exceptions for multiple support agreements, children of divorced or separated parents (or parents who live apart), and kidnapped children. Federal tax forms 2009 Dependent not allowed a personal exemption. Federal tax forms 2009 If you can claim an exemption for your dependent, the dependent cannot claim his or her own personal exemption on his or her own tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 This is true even if you do not claim the dependent's exemption on your return. Federal tax forms 2009 It is also true if the dependent's exemption on your return is reduced or eliminated under the phaseout rule described under Phaseout of Exemptions, later. Federal tax forms 2009 Housekeepers, maids, or servants. Federal tax forms 2009    If these people work for you, you cannot claim exemptions for them. Federal tax forms 2009 Child tax credit. Federal tax forms 2009    You may be entitled to a child tax credit for each qualifying child who was under age 17 at the end of the year if you claimed an exemption for that child. Federal tax forms 2009 For more information, see the instructions for the tax form you file (Form 1040 or 1040A). Federal tax forms 2009 Dependent Taxpayer Test If you can be claimed as a dependent by another person, you cannot claim anyone else as a dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 Even if you have a qualifying child or qualifying relative, you cannot claim that person as a dependent. Federal tax forms 2009 If you are filing a joint return and your spouse can be claimed as a dependent by someone else, you and your spouse cannot claim any dependents on your joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 Joint Return Test You generally cannot claim a married person as a dependent if he or she files a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 Exception. Federal tax forms 2009    You can claim an exemption for a person who files a joint return if that person and his or her spouse file the joint return only to claim a refund of income tax withheld or estimated tax paid. Federal tax forms 2009 Example 1—child files joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 You supported your 18-year-old daughter, and she lived with you all year while her husband was in the Armed Forces. Federal tax forms 2009 He earned $25,000 for the year. Federal tax forms 2009 The couple files a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 You cannot take an exemption for your daughter. Federal tax forms 2009 Example 2—child files joint return only as claim for refund of withheld tax. Federal tax forms 2009 Your 18-year-old son and his 17-year-old wife had $800 of wages from part-time jobs and no other income. Federal tax forms 2009 Neither is required to file a tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 They do not have a child. Federal tax forms 2009 Taxes were taken out of their pay so they file a joint return only to get a refund of the withheld taxes. Federal tax forms 2009 The exception to the joint return test applies, so you are not disqualified from claiming an exemption for each of them just because they file a joint return. Federal tax forms 2009 You can claim exemptions for each of them if all the other tests to do so are met. Federal tax forms 2009 Example 3—child files joint return to claim American opportunity credit. Federal tax forms 2009 The facts are the same as in Example 2 except no taxes were taken out of your son's pay. Federal tax forms 2009 He and his wife are not required to file a tax return. Federal tax forms 2009 However, they file a joint return to claim an American opportunity credit of $124 and get a refund of that amount. Federal tax forms 2009 Because claiming the American opportunity credit is their reason for filing the return, they are not filing it only to get a refund of income