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Eztax Publication 587 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Future Developments What's New Reminders IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. Eztax Tax questions. Eztax Useful Items - You may want to see: Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Publication 587, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Eztax irs. Eztax gov/pub587. Eztax What's New The IRS now provides a simplified method to determine your expenses for business use of your home. Eztax The simplified method is an alternative to calculating and substantiating actual expenses. Eztax For more information, see Using the Simplified Method under Figuring the Deduction, later. Eztax Reminders Photographs of missing children. Eztax  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Eztax Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Eztax You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Eztax Introduction The purpose of this publication is to provide information on figuring and claiming the deduction for business use of your home. Eztax The term “home” includes a house, apartment, condominium, mobile home, boat, or similar property which provides basic living accommodations. Eztax It also includes structures on the property, such as an unattached garage, studio, barn, or greenhouse. Eztax However, it does not include any part of your property used exclusively as a hotel, motel, inn, or similar establishment. Eztax Qualifying for a Deduction gives the requirements for qualifying to deduct expenses for the business use of your home (including special rules for employees and special rules for storing inventory or product samples). Eztax For special rules that apply to daycare providers, see Daycare Facility . Eztax After you determine that you qualify for the deduction, Figuring the Deduction explains the expenses you can deduct using either your actual expenses or the simplified method. Eztax The simplified method is an alternative to calculating and substantiating actual expenses. Eztax Where To Deduct explains where a self-employed person, employee, or partner will report the deduction. Eztax This publication also includes information on the following. Eztax Selling a home that was used partly for business. Eztax Deducting expenses for furniture and equipment used in your business. Eztax Records you should keep. Eztax Finally, this publication contains worksheets to help you figure the amount of your deduction if you use your home in your farming business and you are filing Schedule F (Form 1040), you use your home for work as an employee, or you are a partner and the use of your home resulted in unreimbursed ordinary and necessary expenses that you are required to pay under the partnership agreement. Eztax If you used your home for business and you are filing Schedule C (Form 1040), you will use either Form 8829 or the Simplified Method Worksheet in your Instructions for Schedule C. Eztax The rules in this publication apply to individuals. Eztax If you need information on deductions for renting out your property, see Publication 527, Residential Rental Property. Eztax Comments and suggestions. Eztax   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Eztax   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Eztax NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Eztax Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Eztax   You can send your comments from www. Eztax irs. Eztax gov/formspubs/. Eztax Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Eztax ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Eztax Ordering forms and publications. Eztax   Visit www. Eztax irs. Eztax gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Eztax Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Eztax Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Eztax   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Eztax gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Eztax We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Eztax Useful Items - You may want to see: Publications 523 Selling Your Home 551 Basis of Assets 583 Starting a Business and Keeping Records 946 How To Depreciate Property Forms (and Instructions) Schedule C (Form 1040) Profit or Loss from Business 2106 Employee Business Expenses 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses 4562 Depreciation and Amortization 8829 Expenses for Business Use of Your Home  See How To Get Tax Help , near the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms. Eztax Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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American Holidays

Americans celebrate a variety of federal holidays and other national observances.


Federal Holidays

Find the dates for this year's federal holidays.

Federal law establishes the following public holidays for federal employees. If the holiday falls during the weekend, it may be observed on a different day.

Many government offices are closed on federal holidays and some private businesses may close as well. If you plan to visit a government office on or around a federal holiday, you should contact them to determine when they will be open. Find contact information for government departments and agencies.

New Year's Day

New Year's Day is January 1. The celebration of this holiday begins the night before, when Americans gather to wish each other a happy and prosperous coming year. Many Americans make New Year's resolutions. See the New Year's resolutions that are popular every year.

Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is celebrated on the third Monday in January. The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. was an African-American clergyman who is recognized for his tireless efforts to win civil rights for all people through nonviolent means.

Washington's Birthday

Washington's Birthday is observed the third Monday of February in honor George Washington, the first President of the United States. This date is commonly called Presidents' Day and many groups honor the legacy of past presidents on this date.

Memorial Day

Memorial Day is a observed the last Monday of May. It originally honored the people killed in the American Civil War, but has become a day on which the American dead of all wars are remembered.

Independence Day

Independence Day is July 4. This holiday honors the nation's birthday - the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. It is a day of picnics and patriotic parades, a night of concerts, and fireworks.

Labor Day

Labor Day is the first Monday of September. This holiday honors the nation's working people, typically with parades. For most Americans it marks the end of the summer vacation season and the start of the school year.

Columbus Day

Columbus Day is a celebrated on the second Monday in October. The day commemorates October 12, 1492, when Italian navigator Christopher Columbus landed in the New World. The holiday was first proclaimed in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Veterans Day

Veterans Day is celebrated on November 11. This holiday was originally called Armistice Day and established to honor Americans who had served in World War I. It now honors veterans of all wars in which the U.S. has fought. Veterans' organizations hold parades, and the president places a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In the fall of 1621, the Pilgrims held a three-day feast to celebrate a bountiful harvest. Many regard this event as the nation's first Thanksgiving. The Thanksgiving feast became a national tradition and almost always includes some of the foods served at the first feast: roast turkey, cranberry sauce, potatoes, and pumpkin pie.

Christmas Day

Christmas Day is a celebrated on December 25. Christmas is a Christian holiday marking the birth of the Christ Child. Decorating houses and yards with lights, putting up Christmas trees, giving gifts, and sending greeting cards have become holiday traditions even for many non-Christian Americans. Find tips to help celebrate.

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Other Celebrations and Observances

There are many commonly observed celebrations in the United States that are not federal holidays. Some of these observances honor groups of people, such as National African American History Month and Women's History Month, or causes, such as National Oceans Month and National Substance Abuse Prevention Month. Many of these holidays and observances are proclaimed by the President ever year. View recent Presidential proclamations.

These are some of the most popular American celebrations and observances that occur every year.

Groundhog Day

Groundhog Day is February 2 and has been celebrated since 1887. On Groundhog Day, crowds gather in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, to see if groundhog Punxsutawney Phil sees his shadow after emerging from his burrow, thus predicting six more weeks of winter weather.

Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. The day was named after an early Christian martyr, and on Valentine's Day, Americans give presents like candy or flowers to the ones they love. The first mass-produced valentine cards were sold in the 1840s.

Earth Day

Earth Day is observed on April 22. First celebrated in 1970 in the United States, it inspired national legislation such as the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. Earth Day is designed to promote ecology, encourage respect for life on earth, and highlight concern over pollution of the soil, air, and water.

Arbor Day

National Arbor Day was proclaimed as the last Friday in April by President Richard Nixon in 1970. A number of state Arbor Days are observed at other times of the year to coincide with the best tree planting weather. The observance began in 1872, when Nebraska settlers and homesteaders were urged to plant trees on the largely treeless plains.

Mother's Day

Mother's Day is the second Sunday of May. President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation in 1914 that started the holiday. He asked Americans to give a public expression of reverence to mothers on this day. Carnations have come to represent Mother's Day, following President William McKinley's habit of always wearing a white carnation, his mother's favorite flower.

Flag Day

Flag Day, celebrated June 14, has been a presidentially proclaimed observance since 1916. Although Flag Day is not a federal holiday, Americans are encouraged to display the flag outside their homes and businesses on this day to honor the history and heritage the American flag represents.

Father's Day

Father's Day celebrates fathers every third Sunday of June. Father's Day began in 1909 in Spokane, Washington, when a daughter requested a special day to honor her father, a Civil War veteran who raised his children after his wife died. The first presidential proclamation honoring fathers was issued in 1966 by President Lyndon Johnson.

Patriot Day

September 11, 2001, was a defining moment in American history. On that day, terrorists hijacked four commercial airliners to strike targets in the United States. Nearly 3,000 people died as a consequence of the attacks. Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance is observed on September 11 in honor of the victims of these attacks.

Halloween

Halloween is celebrated on October 31. On Halloween, American children dress up in funny or scary costumes and go "trick or treating" by knocking on doors in their neighborhood. The neighbors are expected to respond by giving them small gifts of candy or money.

Pearl Harbor Day

Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day is December 7. In 1994, Congress designated this national observance to honor the more than 2,400 military service personnel who died on this date in 1941, during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by Japanese forces. The attack on Pearl Harbor caused the United States to enter World War II.

Ethnic and Religious Holidays

Various ethnic and religious groups in America celebrate days with special meaning to them even though these are not national holidays. For example, Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ on Easter, Jews observe their high holy days in September, Muslims celebrate Ramadan, and African Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. There are many other religious and ethnic celebrations in the United States.

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The Eztax

Eztax 6. Eztax   How To Get Tax Help Table of Contents Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs). Eztax Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. Eztax Free help with your tax return. Eztax   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. Eztax The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. Eztax The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Eztax Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. Eztax In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. Eztax To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Eztax gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. Eztax   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. Eztax To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. Eztax aarp. Eztax org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. Eztax For more information on these programs, go to IRS. Eztax gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. Eztax Internet. Eztax    IRS. Eztax gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Eztax Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Eztax Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. Eztax Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. Eztax gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. Eztax The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Eztax Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. Eztax You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Eztax The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Eztax Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. Eztax No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. Eztax The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. Eztax When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. Eztax New subject areas are added on a regular basis. Eztax  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. Eztax gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. Eztax You can use the IRS Tax Map, to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. Eztax The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. Eztax When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. Eztax Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. Eztax You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. Eztax Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. Eztax gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. Eztax Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. Eztax Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. Eztax Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. Eztax If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. Eztax Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. Eztax gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. Eztax You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Eztax It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Eztax Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. Eztax gov. Eztax Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. Eztax gov for more information. Eztax Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. Eztax Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. Eztax gov. Eztax Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. Eztax Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. Eztax gov. Eztax Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. Eztax gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. Eztax Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. Eztax Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. Eztax gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. Eztax An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Eztax Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. Eztax gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. Eztax If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. Eztax Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. Eztax Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). Eztax Go to IRS. Eztax gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. Eztax Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. Eztax Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. Eztax Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. Eztax Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. Eztax gov and choose from a variety of options. Eztax    Phone. Eztax You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. Eztax Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Eztax Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Eztax gov, or download the IRS2Go app. Eztax Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Eztax The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Eztax Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. Eztax Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. Eztax Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. Eztax Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. Eztax If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. Eztax The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Eztax Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Eztax Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. Eztax The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Eztax Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. Eztax Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. Eztax Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. Eztax You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Eztax It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Eztax Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). Eztax You should receive your order within 10 business days. Eztax Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. Eztax If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. Eztax Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. Eztax The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. Eztax These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. Eztax    Walk-in. Eztax You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in-person. Eztax Products. Eztax You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. Eztax Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. Eztax Services. Eztax You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. Eztax An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Eztax Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. Eztax gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. Eztax    Mail. Eztax You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. Eztax You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. Eztax Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Eztax Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. Eztax The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. Eztax Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. Eztax   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. Eztax We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. Eztax You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. Eztax You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. Eztax   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. Eztax Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. Eztax Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. Eztax Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. Eztax We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Eztax   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. Eztax   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. Eztax If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. Eztax Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs). Eztax   Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals and tax collection disputes. Eztax Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. Eztax Visit Taxpayer Advocate or see IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. Eztax Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications