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Do Unemployed People File Taxes

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Do Unemployed People File Taxes

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The Do Unemployed People File Taxes

Do unemployed people file taxes Publication 515 - Main Content Table of Contents Withholding of TaxWithholding Agent Withholding and Reporting Obligations Persons Subject to NRA WithholdingIdentifying the Payee Foreign Persons DocumentationBeneficial Owners Foreign Intermediaries and Foreign Flow-Through Entities Standards of Knowledge Presumption Rules Income Subject to NRA WithholdingSource of Income Fixed or Determinable Annual or Periodical Income (FDAP) Withholding on Specific IncomeEffectively Connected Income Income Not Effectively Connected Pay for Personal Services Performed Artists and Athletes (Income Codes 42 and 43) Other Income Foreign Governments and Certain Other Foreign Organizations U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Taxpayer Identification NumbersUnexpected payment. Do unemployed people file taxes Depositing Withheld TaxesWhen Deposits Are Required Adjustment for Overwithholding Returns RequiredJoint owners. Do unemployed people file taxes Electronic reporting. Do unemployed people file taxes Partnership Withholding on Effectively Connected IncomeWho Must Withhold Foreign Partner Publicly Traded Partnerships U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Real Property InterestForeign corporations. Do unemployed people file taxes Domestic corporations. Do unemployed people file taxes U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes real property holding corporations. Do unemployed people file taxes Partnerships. Do unemployed people file taxes Trusts and estates. Do unemployed people file taxes Domestically controlled QIE. Do unemployed people file taxes Late filing of certifications or notices. Do unemployed people file taxes Certifications. Do unemployed people file taxes Liability of agent or qualified substitute. Do unemployed people file taxes Reporting and Paying the Tax Withholding Certificates Tax Treaty TablesTable 1 Table 2 Table 3 How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs). Do unemployed people file taxes Withholding of Tax In most cases, a foreign person is subject to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes tax on its U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source income. Do unemployed people file taxes Most types of U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source income received by a foreign person are subject to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes tax of 30%. Do unemployed people file taxes A reduced rate, including exemption, may apply if there is a tax treaty between the foreign person's country of residence and the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes The tax is generally withheld (NRA withholding) from the payment made to the foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes The term “NRA withholding” is used in this publication descriptively to refer to withholding required under sections 1441, 1442, and 1443 of the Internal Revenue Code. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, NRA withholding describes the withholding regime that requires withholding on a payment of U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source income. Do unemployed people file taxes Payments to foreign persons, including nonresident alien individuals, foreign entities, and governments, may be subject to NRA withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes NRA withholding does not include withholding under section 1445 of the Code (see U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Real Property Interest, later) or under section 1446 of the Code (see Partnership Withholding on Effectively Connected Income , later). Do unemployed people file taxes A withholding agent (defined next) is the person responsible for withholding on payments made to a foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes However, a withholding agent that can reliably associate the payment with documentation (discussed later) from a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person is not required to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes In addition, a withholding agent may apply a reduced rate of withholding (including an exemption from withholding) if it can reliably associate the payment with documentation from a beneficial owner that is a foreign person entitled to a reduced rate of withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes Withholding Agent You are a withholding agent if you are a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes or foreign person that has control, receipt, custody, disposal, or payment of any item of income of a foreign person that is subject to withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes A withholding agent may be an individual, corporation, partnership, trust, association, nominee (under section 1446 of the Code), or any other entity, including any foreign intermediary, foreign partnership, or U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch of certain foreign banks and insurance companies. Do unemployed people file taxes You may be a withholding agent even if there is no requirement to withhold from a payment or even if another person has withheld the required amount from the payment. Do unemployed people file taxes Although several persons may be withholding agents for a single payment, the full tax is required to be withheld only once. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person who pays an amount subject to NRA withholding is the person responsible for withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes However, other persons may be required to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes For example, a payment made by a flow-through entity or nonqualified intermediary that knows, or has reason to know, that the full amount of NRA withholding was not done by the person from which it receives a payment is required to do the appropriate withholding since it also falls within the definition of a withholding agent. Do unemployed people file taxes In addition, withholding must be done by any qualified intermediary, withholding foreign partnership, or withholding foreign trust in accordance with the terms of its withholding agreement, discussed later. Do unemployed people file taxes Liability for tax. Do unemployed people file taxes   As a withholding agent, you are personally liable for any tax required to be withheld. Do unemployed people file taxes This liability is independent of the tax liability of the foreign person to whom the payment is made. Do unemployed people file taxes If you fail to withhold and the foreign payee fails to satisfy its U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes tax liability, then both you and the foreign person are liable for tax, as well as interest and any applicable penalties. Do unemployed people file taxes   The applicable tax will be collected only once. Do unemployed people file taxes If the foreign person satisfies its U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes tax liability, you are not liable for the tax but remain liable for any interest and penalties for failure to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes Determination of amount to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes   You must withhold on the gross amount subject to NRA withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes You cannot reduce the gross amount by any deductions. Do unemployed people file taxes However, see Scholarships and Fellowship Grants and Pay for Personal Services Performed , later, for when a deduction for a personal exemption may be allowed. Do unemployed people file taxes   If the determination of the source of the income or the amount subject to tax depends on facts that are not known at the time of payment, you must withhold an amount sufficient to ensure that at least 30% of the amount subsequently determined to be subject to withholding is withheld. Do unemployed people file taxes In no case, however, should you withhold more than 30% of the total amount paid. Do unemployed people file taxes Or, you may make a reasonable estimate of the amount from U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes sources and put a corresponding part of the amount due in escrow until the amount from U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes sources can be determined, at which time withholding becomes due. Do unemployed people file taxes When to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes   Withholding is required at the time you make a payment of an amount subject to withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes A payment is made to a person if that person realizes income, whether or not there is an actual transfer of cash or other property. Do unemployed people file taxes A payment is considered made to a person if it is paid for that person's benefit. Do unemployed people file taxes For example, a payment made to a creditor of a person in satisfaction of that person's debt to the creditor is considered made to the person. Do unemployed people file taxes A payment also is considered made to a person if it is made to that person's agent. Do unemployed people file taxes   A U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes partnership should withhold when any distributions that include amounts subject to withholding are made. Do unemployed people file taxes However, if a foreign partner's distributive share of income subject to withholding is not actually distributed, the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes partnership must withhold on the foreign partner's distributive share of the income on the earlier of the date that a Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) is provided or mailed to the partner or the due date for furnishing that schedule. Do unemployed people file taxes If the distributable amount consists of effectively connected income, see Partnership Withholding on Effectively Connected Income , later. Do unemployed people file taxes A U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes trust is required to withhold on the amount includible in the gross income of a foreign beneficiary to the extent the trust's distributable net income consists of an amount subject to withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes To the extent a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes trust is required to distribute an amount subject to withholding but does not actually distribute the amount, it must withhold on the foreign beneficiary's allocable share at the time the income is required to be reported on Form 1042-S. Do unemployed people file taxes Withholding and Reporting Obligations You are required to report payments subject to NRA withholding on Form 1042-S and to file a tax return on Form 1042. Do unemployed people file taxes (See Returns Required , later. Do unemployed people file taxes ) An exception from reporting may apply to individuals who are not required to withhold from a payment and who do not make the payment in the course of their trade or business. Do unemployed people file taxes Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes    You also may be responsible as a payer for reporting on Form 1099 payments made to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person. Do unemployed people file taxes You must withhold 28% (backup withholding rate) from a reportable payment made to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person that is subject to Form 1099 reporting if any of the following apply. Do unemployed people file taxes The U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person has not provided its taxpayer identification number (TIN) in the manner required. Do unemployed people file taxes The IRS notifies you that the TIN furnished by the payee is incorrect. Do unemployed people file taxes There has been a notified payee underreporting. Do unemployed people file taxes There has been a payee certification failure. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, a TIN must be provided by a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes non-exempt recipient on Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification. Do unemployed people file taxes A payer files a tax return on Form 945, Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax, for backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes You may be required to file Form 1099 and, if appropriate, backup withhold, even if you do not make the payments directly to that U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person. Do unemployed people file taxes For example, you are required to report income paid to a foreign intermediary or flow-through entity that collects for a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person subject to Form 1099 reporting. Do unemployed people file taxes See Identifying the Payee , later, for more information. Do unemployed people file taxes Also see Section S. Do unemployed people file taxes Special Rules for Reporting Payments Made Through Foreign Intermediaries and Foreign Flow-Through Entities on Form 1099 in the General Instructions for Certain Information Returns. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign persons who provide Form W-8BEN, Form W-8ECI, or Form W-8EXP (or applicable documentary evidence) are exempt from backup withholding and Form 1099 reporting. Do unemployed people file taxes Wages paid to employees. Do unemployed people file taxes   If you are the employer of a nonresident alien, you generally must withhold taxes at graduated rates. Do unemployed people file taxes See Pay for Personal Services Performed , later. Do unemployed people file taxes Effectively connected income by partnerships. Do unemployed people file taxes   A withholding agent that is a partnership (whether U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes or foreign) is also responsible for withholding on its income effectively connected with a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes trade or business that is allocable to foreign partners. Do unemployed people file taxes See Partnership Withholding on Effectively Connected Income , later, for more information. Do unemployed people file taxes U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes real property interest. Do unemployed people file taxes   A withholding agent also may be responsible for withholding if a foreign person transfers a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes real property interest to the agent, or if it is a corporation, partnership, trust, or estate that distributes a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes real property interest to a shareholder, partner, or beneficiary that is a foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes See U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Real Property Interest , later. Do unemployed people file taxes Persons Subject to NRA Withholding NRA withholding applies only to payments made to a payee that is a foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes It does not apply to payments made to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes persons. Do unemployed people file taxes Usually, you determine the payee's status as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes or foreign person based on the documentation that person provides. Do unemployed people file taxes See Documentation , later. Do unemployed people file taxes However, if you have received no documentation or you cannot reliably associate all or a part of a payment with documentation, then you must apply certain presumption rules, discussed later. Do unemployed people file taxes Identifying the Payee In most cases, the payee is the person to whom you make the payment, regardless of whether that person is the beneficial owner of the income. Do unemployed people file taxes However, there are situations in which the payee is a person other than the one to whom you actually make a payment. Do unemployed people file taxes U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes agent of foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes   If you make a payment to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person and you have actual knowledge that the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person is receiving the payment as an agent of a foreign person, you must treat the payment as made to the foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes However, if the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person is a financial institution, you may treat the institution as the payee provided you have no reason to believe that the institution will not comply with its own obligation to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes   If the payment is not subject to NRA withholding (for example, gross proceeds from the sales of securities), you must treat the payment as made to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person and not as a payment to a foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes You may be required to report the payment on Form 1099 and, if applicable, backup withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes Disregarded entities. Do unemployed people file taxes   A business entity that is not a corporation and that has a single owner may be disregarded as an entity separate from its owner (a disregarded entity) for federal tax purposes. Do unemployed people file taxes The payee of a payment made to a disregarded entity is the owner of the entity. Do unemployed people file taxes   If the owner of the entity is a foreign person, you must apply NRA withholding unless you can treat the foreign owner as a beneficial owner entitled to a reduced rate of withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   If the owner is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person, you do not apply NRA withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes However, you may be required to report the payment on Form 1099 and, if applicable, backup withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes You may assume that a foreign entity is not a disregarded entity unless you can reliably associate the payment with documentation provided by the owner or you have actual knowledge or reason to know that the foreign entity is a disregarded entity. Do unemployed people file taxes Flow-Through Entities The payees of payments (other than income effectively connected with a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes trade or business) made to a foreign flow-through entity are the owners or beneficiaries of the flow-through entity. Do unemployed people file taxes This rule applies for purposes of NRA withholding and for Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes Income that is, or is deemed to be, effectively connected with the conduct of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes trade or business of a flow-through entity is treated as paid to the entity. Do unemployed people file taxes All of the following are flow-through entities. Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign partnership (other than a withholding foreign partnership). Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign simple or foreign grantor trust (other than a withholding foreign trust). Do unemployed people file taxes A fiscally transparent entity receiving income for which treaty benefits are claimed. Do unemployed people file taxes See Fiscally transparent entity , later. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, you treat a payee as a flow-through entity if it provides you with a Form W-8IMY (see Documentation , later) on which it claims such status. Do unemployed people file taxes You also may be required to treat the entity as a flow-through entity under the presumption rules, discussed later. Do unemployed people file taxes You must determine whether the owners or beneficiaries of a flow-through entity are U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes or foreign persons, how much of the payment relates to each owner or beneficiary, and, if the owner or beneficiary is foreign, whether a reduced rate of NRA withholding applies. Do unemployed people file taxes You make these determinations based on the documentation and other information (contained in a withholding statement) that is associated with the flow-through entity's Form W-8IMY. Do unemployed people file taxes If you do not have all of the information that is required to reliably associate a payment with a specific payee, you must apply the presumption rules. Do unemployed people file taxes See Documentation and Presumption Rules , later. Do unemployed people file taxes Withholding foreign partnerships and withholding foreign trusts are not flow-through entities. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign partnerships. Do unemployed people file taxes    A foreign partnership is any partnership that is not organized under the laws of any state of the United States or the District of Columbia or any partnership that is treated as foreign under the income tax regulations. Do unemployed people file taxes If a foreign partnership is not a withholding foreign partnership, the payees of income are the partners of the partnership, provided the partners are not themselves a flow-through entity or a foreign intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes However, the payee is the partnership itself if the partnership is claiming treaty benefits on the basis that it is not fiscally transparent and that it meets all the other requirements for claiming treaty benefits. Do unemployed people file taxes If a partner is a foreign flow-through entity or a foreign intermediary, you apply the payee determination rules to that partner to determine the payees. Do unemployed people file taxes Example 1. Do unemployed people file taxes A nonwithholding foreign partnership has three partners: a nonresident alien individual; a foreign corporation; and a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen. Do unemployed people file taxes You make a payment of U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source interest to the partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes It gives you a Form W-8IMY with which it associates Form W-8BEN from the nonresident alien; Form W-8BEN from the foreign corporation; and Form W-9 from the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen. Do unemployed people file taxes The partnership also gives you a complete withholding statement that enables you to associate a part of the interest payment to each partner. Do unemployed people file taxes You must treat all three partners as the payees of the interest payment as if the payment were made directly to them. Do unemployed people file taxes Report the payment to the nonresident alien and the foreign corporation on Forms 1042-S. Do unemployed people file taxes Report the payment to the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen on Form 1099-INT. Do unemployed people file taxes Example 2. Do unemployed people file taxes A nonwithholding foreign partnership has two partners: a foreign corporation and a nonwithholding foreign partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes The second partnership has two partners, both nonresident alien individuals. Do unemployed people file taxes You make a payment of U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source interest to the first partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes It gives you a valid Form W-8IMY with which it associates a Form W-8BEN from the foreign corporation and a Form W-8IMY from the second partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes In addition, Forms W-8BEN from the partners are associated with the Form W-8IMY from the second partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes The Forms W-8IMY from the partnerships have complete withholding statements associated with them. Do unemployed people file taxes Because you can reliably associate a part of the interest payment with the Form W-8BEN provided by the foreign corporation and the Forms W-8BEN provided by the nonresident alien individual partners as a result of the withholding statements, you must treat them as the payees of the interest. Do unemployed people file taxes Example 3. Do unemployed people file taxes You make a payment of U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source dividends to a withholding foreign partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes The partnership has two partners, both foreign corporations. Do unemployed people file taxes You can reliably associate the payment with a valid Form W-8IMY from the partnership on which it represents that it is a withholding foreign partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes You must treat the partnership as the payee of the dividends. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign simple and grantor trust. Do unemployed people file taxes   A trust is foreign unless it meets both of the following tests. Do unemployed people file taxes A court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust. Do unemployed people file taxes One or more U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust. Do unemployed people file taxes   In most cases, a foreign simple trust is a foreign trust that is required to distribute all of its income annually. Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign grantor trust is a foreign trust that is treated as a grantor trust under sections 671 through 679 of the Code. Do unemployed people file taxes   The payees of a payment made to a foreign simple trust are the beneficiaries of the trust. Do unemployed people file taxes The payees of a payment made to a foreign grantor trust are the owners of the trust. Do unemployed people file taxes However, the payee is the foreign simple or grantor trust itself if the trust is claiming treaty benefits on the basis that it is not fiscally transparent and that it meets all the other requirements for claiming treaty benefits. Do unemployed people file taxes If the beneficiaries or owners are themselves flow-through entities or foreign intermediaries, you apply the payee determination rules to that beneficiary or owner to determine the payees. Do unemployed people file taxes Example. Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign simple trust has three beneficiaries: two nonresident alien individuals and a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen. Do unemployed people file taxes You make a payment of interest to the foreign trust. Do unemployed people file taxes It gives you a Form W-8IMY with which it associates Forms W-8BEN from the nonresident aliens and a Form W-9 from the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen. Do unemployed people file taxes The trust also gives you a complete withholding statement that enables you to associate a part of the interest payment with the forms provided by each beneficiary. Do unemployed people file taxes You must treat all three beneficiaries as the payees of the interest payment as if the payment were made directly to them. Do unemployed people file taxes Report the payment to the nonresident aliens on Forms 1042-S. Do unemployed people file taxes Report the payment to the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen on Form 1099-INT. Do unemployed people file taxes Fiscally transparent entity. Do unemployed people file taxes   If a reduced rate of withholding under an income tax treaty is claimed, a flow-through entity includes any entity in which the interest holder must treat the entity as fiscally transparent. Do unemployed people file taxes The determination of whether an entity is fiscally transparent is made on an item of income basis (that is, the determination is made separately for interest, dividends, royalties, etc. Do unemployed people file taxes ). Do unemployed people file taxes The interest holder in an entity makes the determination by applying the laws of the jurisdiction where the interest holder is organized, incorporated, or otherwise considered a resident. Do unemployed people file taxes An entity is considered to be fiscally transparent for the income to the extent the laws of that jurisdiction require the interest holder to separately take into account on a current basis the interest holder's share of the income, whether or not distributed to the interest holder, and the character and source of the income to the interest holder are determined as if the income was realized directly from the source that paid it to the entity. Do unemployed people file taxes Subject to the standards of knowledge rules discussed later, you generally make the determination that an entity is fiscally transparent based on a Form W-8IMY provided by the entity. Do unemployed people file taxes   The payees of a payment made to a fiscally transparent entity are the interest holders of the entity. Do unemployed people file taxes Example. Do unemployed people file taxes Entity A is a business organization organized under the laws of country X that has an income tax treaty in force with the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes A has two interest holders, B and C. Do unemployed people file taxes B is a corporation organized under the laws of country Y. Do unemployed people file taxes C is a corporation organized under the laws of country Z. Do unemployed people file taxes Both countries Y and Z have an income tax treaty in force with the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes A receives royalty income from U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes sources that is not effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes For U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes income tax purposes, A is treated as a partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes Country X treats A as a partnership and requires the interest holders in A to separately take into account on a current basis their respective shares of the income paid to A even if the income is not distributed. Do unemployed people file taxes The laws of country X provide that the character and source of the income to A's interest holders are determined as if the income was realized directly from the source that paid it to A. Do unemployed people file taxes Accordingly, A is fiscally transparent in its jurisdiction, country X. Do unemployed people file taxes B and C are not fiscally transparent under the laws of their respective countries of incorporation. Do unemployed people file taxes Country Y requires B to separately take into account on a current basis B's share of the income paid to A, and the character and source of the income to B is determined as if the income was realized directly from the source that paid it to A. Do unemployed people file taxes Accordingly, A is fiscally transparent for that income under the laws of country Y, and B is treated as deriving its share of the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source royalty income for purposes of the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes -Y income tax treaty. Do unemployed people file taxes Country Z, on the other hand, treats A as a corporation and does not require C to take into account its share of A's income on a current basis whether or not distributed. Do unemployed people file taxes Therefore, A is not treated as fiscally transparent under the laws of country Z. Do unemployed people file taxes Accordingly, C is not treated as deriving its share of the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source royalty income for purposes of the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes -Z income tax treaty. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign Intermediaries In most cases, if you make payments to a foreign intermediary, the payees are the persons for whom the foreign intermediary collects the payment, such as account holders or customers, not the intermediary itself. Do unemployed people file taxes This rule applies for purposes of NRA withholding and for Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes You may, however, treat a qualified intermediary that has assumed primary withholding responsibility for a payment as the payee, and you are not required to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes An intermediary is a custodian, broker, nominee, or any other person that acts as an agent for another person. Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign intermediary is either a qualified intermediary or a nonqualified intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, you determine whether an entity is a qualified intermediary or a nonqualified intermediary based on the representations the intermediary makes on Form W-8IMY. Do unemployed people file taxes You must determine whether the customers or account holders of a foreign intermediary are U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes or foreign persons and, if the account holder or customer is foreign, whether a reduced rate of NRA withholding applies. Do unemployed people file taxes You make these determinations based on the foreign intermediary's Form W-8IMY and associated information and documentation. Do unemployed people file taxes If you do not have all of the information or documentation that is required to reliably associate a payment with a payee, you must apply the presumption rules. Do unemployed people file taxes See Documentation and Presumption Rules , later. Do unemployed people file taxes Nonqualified intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes   A nonqualified intermediary (NQI) is any intermediary that is a foreign person and that is not a qualified intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes The payees of a payment made to an NQI are the customers or account holders on whose behalf the NQI is acting. Do unemployed people file taxes Example. Do unemployed people file taxes You make a payment of interest to a foreign bank that is a nonqualified intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes The bank gives you a Form W-8IMY and the Forms W-8BEN of two foreign persons, and a Form W-9 from a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person for whom the bank is collecting the payments. Do unemployed people file taxes The bank also associates with its Form W-8IMY a withholding statement on which it allocates the interest payment to each account holder and provides all other information required to be on the withholding statement. Do unemployed people file taxes The account holders are the payees of the interest payment. Do unemployed people file taxes You should report the part of the interest paid to the two foreign persons on Forms 1042-S and the part paid to the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person on Form 1099-INT. Do unemployed people file taxes Qualified intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes   A qualified intermediary (QI) is any foreign intermediary (or foreign branch of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes intermediary) that has entered into a qualified intermediary withholding agreement (discussed later) with the IRS. Do unemployed people file taxes You may treat a QI as a payee to the extent the QI assumes primary withholding responsibility or primary Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility for a payment. Do unemployed people file taxes In this situation, the QI is required to withhold the tax. Do unemployed people file taxes You can determine whether a QI has assumed responsibility from the Form W-8IMY provided by the QI. Do unemployed people file taxes   A payment to a QI to the extent it does not assume primary NRA withholding responsibility is considered made to the person on whose behalf the QI acts. Do unemployed people file taxes If a QI does not assume Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility, you must report on Form 1099 and, if applicable, backup withhold as if you were making the payment directly to the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person. Do unemployed people file taxes Branches of financial institutions. Do unemployed people file taxes   Branches of financial institutions are not permitted to operate as QIs if they are located outside of countries having approved “know-your-customer” (KYC) rules. Do unemployed people file taxes The countries with approved KYC rules are listed on IRS. Do unemployed people file taxes gov. Do unemployed people file taxes QI withholding agreement. Do unemployed people file taxes   Foreign financial institutions and foreign branches of U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes financial institutions can enter into an agreement with the IRS to be a qualified intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes   A QI is entitled to certain simplified withholding and reporting rules. Do unemployed people file taxes In general, there are three major areas whereby intermediaries with QI status are afforded such simplified treatment. Do unemployed people file taxes   To apply for QI status, complete Form 14345, Qualified Intermediary Application, and Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number. Do unemployed people file taxes These forms, and the procedures required to obtain a QI withholding agreement are available at www. Do unemployed people file taxes irs. Do unemployed people file taxes gov/Businesses/Corporations/Qualified-Intermediaries-(QI). Do unemployed people file taxes Documentation. Do unemployed people file taxes   A QI is not required to forward documentation obtained from foreign account holders to the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes withholding agent from whom the QI receives a payment of U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes source income. Do unemployed people file taxes The QI maintains such documentation at its location and provides the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes withholding agent with withholding rate pools. Do unemployed people file taxes A withholding rate pool is a payment of a single type of income that is subject to a single rate of withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   A QI is required to provide the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes withholding agent with information regarding U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes persons subject to Form 1099 information reporting unless the QI assumes the primary obligation to do Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   If a QI obtains documentary evidence under the “know-your-customer” rules that apply to the QI under local law, and the documentary evidence is of a type specified in an attachment to the QI agreement, the documentary evidence remains valid until there is a change in circumstances or the QI knows the information is incorrect. Do unemployed people file taxes This indefinite validity period rule does not apply to Forms W-8 or to documentary evidence that is not of the type specified in the attachment to the agreement. Do unemployed people file taxes Form 1042-S reporting. Do unemployed people file taxes   A QI is permitted to report payments made to its direct foreign account holders on a pooled basis rather than reporting payments to each direct account holder specifically. Do unemployed people file taxes Pooled basis reporting is not available for payments to certain account holders, such as a nonqualified intermediary or a flow-through entity (discussed earlier). Do unemployed people file taxes Collective refund procedures. Do unemployed people file taxes   A QI may seek a refund on behalf of its direct account holders. Do unemployed people file taxes The direct account holders, therefore, are not required to file returns with the IRS to obtain refunds, but rather may obtain them from the QI. Do unemployed people file taxes U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branches of foreign banks and foreign insurance companies. Do unemployed people file taxes   Special rules apply to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch of a foreign bank subject to Federal Reserve Board supervision or a foreign insurance company subject to state regulatory supervision. Do unemployed people file taxes If you agree to treat the branch as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person, you may treat the branch as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes payee for a payment subject to NRA withholding provided you receive a Form W-8IMY from the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch on which the agreement is evidenced. Do unemployed people file taxes If you treat the branch as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes payee, you are not required to withhold. Do unemployed people file taxes Even though you agree to treat the branch as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person, you must report the payment on Form 1042-S. Do unemployed people file taxes   A financial institution organized in a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes possession is treated as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch. Do unemployed people file taxes The special rules discussed in this section apply to a possessions financial institution. Do unemployed people file taxes   If you are paying a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch an amount that is not subject to NRA withholding, treat the payment as made to a foreign person, irrespective of any agreement to treat the branch as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person for amounts subject to NRA withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes Consequently, amounts not subject to NRA withholding that are paid to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch are not subject to Form 1099 reporting or backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   Alternatively, a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch may provide you with a Form W-8IMY with which it associates the documentation of the persons on whose behalf it acts. Do unemployed people file taxes In this situation, the payees are the persons on whose behalf the branch acts provided you can reliably associate the payment with valid documentation from those persons. Do unemployed people file taxes See Nonqualified Intermediaries under  Documentation, later. Do unemployed people file taxes   If the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch does not provide you with a Form W-8IMY, then you should treat a payment subject to NRA withholding as made to the foreign person of which the branch is a part and the income as effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes Withholding foreign partnership and foreign trust. Do unemployed people file taxes   A withholding foreign partnership (WP) is any foreign partnership that has entered into a WP withholding agreement with the IRS and is acting in that capacity. Do unemployed people file taxes A withholding foreign trust (WT) is a foreign simple or grantor trust that has entered into a WT withholding agreement with the IRS and is acting in that capacity. Do unemployed people file taxes   A WP or WT may act in that capacity only for payments of amounts subject to NRA withholding that are distributed to, or included in the distributive share of, its direct partners, beneficiaries, or owners. Do unemployed people file taxes A WP or WT acting in that capacity must assume NRA withholding responsibility for these amounts. Do unemployed people file taxes You may treat a WP or WT as a payee if it has provided you with documentation (discussed later) that represents that it is acting as a WP or WT for such amounts. Do unemployed people file taxes WP and WT withholding agreements. Do unemployed people file taxes   The WP and WT withholding agreements and the application procedures for the agreements are in Revenue Procedure 2003-64. Do unemployed people file taxes Also see the following items. Do unemployed people file taxes Revenue Procedure 2004-21. Do unemployed people file taxes Revenue Procedure 2005-77. Do unemployed people file taxes Employer identification number (EIN). Do unemployed people file taxes   A completed Form SS-4 must be submitted with the application for being a WP or WT. Do unemployed people file taxes The WP or WT will be assigned a WP-EIN or WT-EIN to be used only when acting in that capacity. Do unemployed people file taxes Documentation. Do unemployed people file taxes   A WP or WT must provide you with a Form W-8IMY that certifies that the WP or WT is acting in that capacity and a written statement identifying the amounts for which it is so acting. Do unemployed people file taxes The statement is not required to contain withholding rate pool information or any information relating to the identity of a direct partner, beneficiary, or owner. Do unemployed people file taxes The Form W-8IMY must contain the WP-EIN or WT-EIN. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign Persons A payee is subject to NRA withholding only if it is a foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign person includes a nonresident alien individual, foreign corporation, foreign partnership, foreign trust, foreign estate, and any other person that is not a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person. Do unemployed people file taxes It also includes a foreign branch of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes financial institution if the foreign branch is a qualified intermediary. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch of a foreign corporation or partnership is treated as a foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes Nonresident alien. Do unemployed people file taxes   A nonresident alien is an individual who is not a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen or a resident alien. Do unemployed people file taxes A resident of a foreign country under the residence article of an income tax treaty is a nonresident alien individual for purposes of withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes Married to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen or resident alien. Do unemployed people file taxes   Nonresident alien individuals married to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizens or resident aliens may choose to be treated as resident aliens for certain income tax purposes. Do unemployed people file taxes However, these individuals are still subject to the NRA withholding rules that apply to nonresident aliens for all income except wages. Do unemployed people file taxes Wages paid to these individuals are subject to graduated withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes See Wages Paid to Employees—Graduated Withholding . Do unemployed people file taxes Resident alien. Do unemployed people file taxes   A resident alien is an individual who is not a citizen or national of the United States and who meets either the green card test or the substantial presence test for the calendar year. Do unemployed people file taxes Green card test. Do unemployed people file taxes An alien is a resident alien if the individual was a lawful permanent resident of the United States at any time during the calendar year. Do unemployed people file taxes This is known as the green card test because these aliens hold immigrant visas (also known as green cards). Do unemployed people file taxes Substantial presence test. Do unemployed people file taxes An alien is considered a resident alien if the individual meets the substantial presence test for the calendar year. Do unemployed people file taxes Under this test, the individual must be physically present in the United States on at least: 31 days during the current calendar year, and 183 days during the current year and the 2 preceding years, counting all the days of physical presence in the current year, but only 1/3 the number of days of presence in the first preceding year, and only 1/6 the number of days in the second preceding year. Do unemployed people file taxes   In most cases, the days the alien is in the United States as a teacher, student, or trainee on an “F,” “J,” “M,” or “Q” visa are not counted. Do unemployed people file taxes This exception is for a limited period of time. Do unemployed people file taxes   For more information on resident and nonresident status, the tests for residence, and the exceptions to them, see Publication 519. Do unemployed people file taxes Note. Do unemployed people file taxes   If your employee is late in notifying you that his or her status changed from nonresident alien to resident alien, you may have to make an adjustment to Form 941 if that employee was exempt from withholding of social security and Medicare taxes as a nonresident alien. Do unemployed people file taxes For more information on making adjustments, see chapter 13 of Publication 15 (Circular E). Do unemployed people file taxes Resident of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes possession. Do unemployed people file taxes   A bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Virgin Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), or American Samoa who is not a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes citizen or a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes national is treated as a nonresident alien for the withholding rules explained here. Do unemployed people file taxes A bona fide resident of a possession is someone who: Meets the presence test, Does not have a tax home outside the possession, and Does not have a closer connection to the United States or to a foreign country than to the possession. Do unemployed people file taxes   For more information, see Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Possessions. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign corporations. Do unemployed people file taxes   A foreign corporation is one that does not fit the definition of a domestic corporation. Do unemployed people file taxes A domestic corporation is one that was created or organized in the United States or under the laws of the United States, any of its states, or the District of Columbia. Do unemployed people file taxes Guam or Northern Mariana Islands corporations. Do unemployed people file taxes   A corporation created or organized in, or under the laws of, Guam or the CNMI is not considered a foreign corporation for the purpose of withholding tax for the tax year if: At all times during the tax year less than 25% in value of the corporation's stock is owned, directly or indirectly, by foreign persons; and At least 20% of the corporation's gross income is derived from sources within Guam or the CNMI for the 3-year period ending with the close of the preceding tax year of the corporation (or the period the corporation has been in existence, if less). Do unemployed people file taxes Note. Do unemployed people file taxes   The provisions discussed below under U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Virgin Islands and American Samoa corporations will apply to Guam or CNMI corporations when an implementing agreement is in effect between the United States and that possession. Do unemployed people file taxes U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Virgin Islands and American Samoa corporations. Do unemployed people file taxes   A corporation created or organized in, or under the laws of, the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Virgin Islands or American Samoa is not considered a foreign corporation for the purposes of withholding tax for the tax year if: At all times during the tax year less than 25% in value of the corporation's stock is owned, directly or indirectly, by foreign persons, At least 65% of the corporation's gross income is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the CNMI, or the United States for the 3-year period ending with the close of the tax year of the corporation (or the period the corporation or any predecessor has been in existence, if less), and No substantial part of the income of the corporation is used, directly or indirectly, to satisfy obligations to a person who is not a bona fide resident of the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the CNMI, or the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign private foundations. Do unemployed people file taxes   A private foundation that was created or organized under the laws of a foreign country is a foreign private foundation. Do unemployed people file taxes Gross investment income from sources within the United States paid to a qualified foreign private foundation is subject to NRA withholding at a 4% rate (unless exempted by a treaty) rather than the ordinary statutory 30% rate. Do unemployed people file taxes Other foreign organizations, associations, and charitable institutions. Do unemployed people file taxes   An organization may be exempt from income tax under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code even if it was formed under foreign law. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, you do not have to withhold tax on payments of income to these foreign tax-exempt organizations unless the IRS has determined that they are foreign private foundations. Do unemployed people file taxes   Payments to these organizations, however, must be reported on Form 1042-S, even though no tax is withheld. Do unemployed people file taxes   You must withhold tax on the unrelated business income (as described in Publication 598, Tax on Unrelated Business Income of Exempt Organizations) of foreign tax-exempt organizations in the same way that you would withhold tax on similar income of nonexempt organizations. Do unemployed people file taxes U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branches of foreign persons. Do unemployed people file taxes   In most cases, a payment to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch of a foreign person is a payment made to the foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes However, you may treat payments to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branches of foreign banks and foreign insurance companies (discussed earlier) that are subject to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes regulatory supervision as payments made to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person, if you and the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch have agreed to do so, and if their agreement is evidenced by a withholding certificate, Form W-8IMY. Do unemployed people file taxes For this purpose, a financial institution organized under the laws of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes possession is treated as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch. Do unemployed people file taxes Documentation In most cases, you must withhold 30% from the gross amount paid to a foreign payee unless you can reliably associate the payment with valid documentation that establishes either of the following. Do unemployed people file taxes The payee is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person. Do unemployed people file taxes The payee is a foreign person that is the beneficial owner of the income and is entitled to a reduced rate of withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, you must get the documentation before you make the payment. Do unemployed people file taxes The documentation is not valid if you know, or have reason to know, that it is unreliable or incorrect. Do unemployed people file taxes See Standards of Knowledge , later. Do unemployed people file taxes If you cannot reliably associate a payment with valid documentation, you must use the presumption rules discussed later. Do unemployed people file taxes For example, if you do not have documentation or you cannot determine the part of a payment that is allocable to specific documentation, you must use the presumption rules. Do unemployed people file taxes The specific types of documentation are discussed in this section. Do unemployed people file taxes However, see Withholding on Specific Income , later, as well as the instructions to the particular forms. Do unemployed people file taxes As the withholding agent, you also may want to see the Instructions for the Requester of Forms W-8BEN, W-8ECI, W-8EXP, and W-8IMY. Do unemployed people file taxes Section 1446 withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   Under section 1446 of the Code, a partnership must withhold tax on its effectively connected income allocable to a foreign partner. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, a partnership determines if a partner is a foreign partner and the partner's tax classification based on the withholding certificate provided by the partner. Do unemployed people file taxes This is the same documentation that is filed for NRA withholding, but may require additional information as discussed under each of the forms in this section. Do unemployed people file taxes Joint owners. Do unemployed people file taxes    If you make a payment to joint owners, you need to get documentation from each owner. Do unemployed people file taxes Form W-9. Do unemployed people file taxes   In most cases, you can treat the payee as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person if the payee gives you a Form W-9. Do unemployed people file taxes The Form W-9 can be used only by a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person and must contain the payee's taxpayer identification number (TIN). Do unemployed people file taxes If there is more than one owner, you may treat the total amount as paid to a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person if any one of the owners gives you a Form W-9. Do unemployed people file taxes See U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Taxpayer Identification Numbers , later. Do unemployed people file taxes U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes persons are not subject to NRA withholding, but may be subject to Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes Form W-8. Do unemployed people file taxes   In most cases, a foreign payee of the income should give you a form in the Form W-8 series. Do unemployed people file taxes Until further notice, you can rely upon Forms W-8 that contain a P. Do unemployed people file taxes O. Do unemployed people file taxes box as a permanent residence address provided you do not know, or have reason to know, that the person providing the form is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person and that a street address is available. Do unemployed people file taxes You may rely on Forms W-8 for which there is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes mailing address provided you received the form prior to December 31, 2001. Do unemployed people file taxes   If certain requirements are met, the foreign person can give you documentary evidence, rather than a Form W-8. Do unemployed people file taxes You can rely on documentary evidence in lieu of a Form W-8 for a payment made in a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes possession. Do unemployed people file taxes Other documentation. Do unemployed people file taxes   Other documentation may be required to claim an exemption from, or a reduced rate of, withholding on pay for personal services. Do unemployed people file taxes The nonresident alien individual may have to give you a Form W-4 or a Form 8233, Exemption From Withholding on Compensation for Independent (and Certain Dependent) Personal Services of a Nonresident Alien Individual. Do unemployed people file taxes These forms are discussed in Pay for Personal Services Performed under Withholding on Specific Income. Do unemployed people file taxes Beneficial Owners If all the appropriate requirements have been established on a Form W-8BEN, W-8ECI, W-8EXP or, if applicable, on documentary evidence, you may treat the payee as a foreign beneficial owner. Do unemployed people file taxes Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   This form is used by a foreign person to: Establish foreign status; Claim that such person is the beneficial owner of the income for which the form is being furnished or a partner in a partnership subject to section 1446 withholding; and If applicable, claim a reduced rate of, or exemption from, withholding under an income tax treaty. Do unemployed people file taxes   Form W-8BEN also may be used to claim that the foreign person is exempt from Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding for income that is not subject to NRA withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes For example, a foreign person may provide a Form W-8BEN to a broker to establish that the gross proceeds from the sale of securities are not subject to Form 1099 reporting or backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes Claiming treaty benefits. Do unemployed people file taxes   You may apply a reduced rate of withholding to a foreign person that provides a Form W-8BEN claiming a reduced rate of withholding under an income tax treaty only if the person provides a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes TIN and certifies that: It is a resident of a treaty country; It is the beneficial owner of the income; If it is an entity, it derives the income within the meaning of section 894 of the Internal Revenue Code (it is not fiscally transparent); and It meets any limitation on benefits provision contained in the treaty, if applicable. Do unemployed people file taxes   If the foreign beneficial owner claiming a treaty benefit is related to you, the foreign beneficial owner also must certify on Form W-8BEN that it will file Form 8833, Treaty-Based Return Position Disclosure Under Section 6114 or 7701(b), if the amount subject to NRA withholding received during a calendar year exceeds, in the aggregate, $500,000. Do unemployed people file taxes   An entity derives income for which it is claiming treaty benefits only if the entity is not treated as fiscally transparent for that income. Do unemployed people file taxes See Fiscally transparent entity discussed earlier under Flow-Through Entities. Do unemployed people file taxes   Limitations on benefits provisions generally prohibit third country residents from obtaining treaty benefits. Do unemployed people file taxes For example, a foreign corporation may not be entitled to a reduced rate of withholding unless a minimum percentage of its owners are citizens or residents of the United States or the treaty country. Do unemployed people file taxes   The exemptions from, or reduced rates of, U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes tax vary under each treaty. Do unemployed people file taxes You must check the provisions of the tax treaty that apply. Do unemployed people file taxes Tables at the end of this publication show the countries with which the United States has income tax treaties and the rates of withholding that apply in cases where all conditions of the particular treaty articles are satisfied. Do unemployed people file taxes   If you know, or have reason to know, that an owner of income is not eligible for treaty benefits claimed, you must not apply the treaty rate. Do unemployed people file taxes You are not, however, responsible for misstatements on a Form W-8, documentary evidence, or statements accompanying documentary evidence for which you did not have actual knowledge, or reason to know, that the statements were incorrect. Do unemployed people file taxes Exceptions to TIN requirement. Do unemployed people file taxes   A foreign person does not have to provide a TIN to claim a reduced rate of withholding under a treaty if the requirements for the following exceptions are met. Do unemployed people file taxes Income from marketable securities (discussed next). Do unemployed people file taxes Unexpected payments to an individual (discussed under U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Taxpayer Identification Numbers ). Do unemployed people file taxes Marketable securities. Do unemployed people file taxes   A Form W-8BEN provided to claim treaty benefits does not need a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes TIN if the foreign beneficial owner is claiming the benefits on income from marketable securities. Do unemployed people file taxes For this purpose, income from a marketable security consists of the following items. Do unemployed people file taxes Dividends and interest from stocks and debt obligations that are actively traded. Do unemployed people file taxes Dividends from any redeemable security issued by an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (mutual fund). Do unemployed people file taxes Dividends, interest, or royalties from units of beneficial interest in a unit investment trust that are (or were upon issuance) publicly offered and are registered with the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933. Do unemployed people file taxes Income related to loans of any of the above securities. Do unemployed people file taxes Offshore accounts. Do unemployed people file taxes   If a payment is made outside the United States to an offshore account, a payee may give you documentary evidence, rather than Form W-8BEN. Do unemployed people file taxes   In most cases, a payment is made outside the United States if you complete the acts necessary to effect the payment outside the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes However, an amount paid by a bank or other financial institution on a deposit or account usually will be treated as paid at the branch or office where the amount is credited. Do unemployed people file taxes An offshore account is an account maintained at an office or branch of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes or foreign bank or other financial institution at any location outside the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes   You may rely on documentary evidence given to you by a nonqualified intermediary or a flow-through entity with its Form W-8IMY. Do unemployed people file taxes This rule applies even though you make the payment to a nonqualified intermediary or flow-through entity in the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes In most cases, the nonqualified intermediary or flow-through entity that gives you documentary evidence also will have to give you a withholding statement, discussed later. Do unemployed people file taxes Documentary evidence. Do unemployed people file taxes   You may apply a reduced rate of withholding to income from marketable securities (discussed earlier) paid outside the United States to an offshore account if the beneficial owner gives you documentary evidence in place of a Form W-8BEN. Do unemployed people file taxes To claim treaty benefits, the documentary evidence must be one of the following: A certificate of residence that: Is issued by a tax official of the treaty country of which the foreign beneficial owner claims to be a resident, States that the person has filed its most recent income tax return as a resident of that country, and Is issued within 3 years prior to being presented to you. Do unemployed people file taxes Documentation for an individual that: Includes the individual's name, address, and photograph, Is an official document issued by an authorized governmental body, and Is issued no more than 3 years prior to being presented to you. Do unemployed people file taxes Documentation for an entity that: Includes the name of the entity, Includes the address of its principal office in the treaty country, and Is an official document issued by an authorized governmental body. Do unemployed people file taxes In addition to the documentary evidence, a foreign beneficial owner that is an entity must provide a statement that it derives the income for which it claims treaty benefits and that it meets one or more of the conditions set forth in a limitation on benefits article, if any, (or similar provision) contained in the applicable treaty. Do unemployed people file taxes Form W-8ECI, Certificate of Foreign Person's Claim That Income Is Effectively Connected With the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes   This form is used by a foreign person to: Establish foreign status, Claim that such person is the beneficial owner of the income for which the form is being furnished, and Claim that the income is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States. Do unemployed people file taxes (See Effectively Connected Income , later. Do unemployed people file taxes )   Effectively connected income for which a valid Form W-8ECI has been provided is generally not subject to NRA withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   If a partner submits this form to a partnership, the income claimed to be effectively connected with the conduct of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes trade or business is subject to withholding under section 1446. Do unemployed people file taxes If the partner has made, or will make, an election under section 871(d) or 882(d), the partner must submit Form W-8ECI, and attach a copy of the election, or a statement of intent to elect, to the form. Do unemployed people file taxes    If the partner's only effectively connected income is the income allocated from the partnership and the partner is not making the election under section 871(d) or 882(d), the partner should provide Form W-8BEN to the partnership. Do unemployed people file taxes Form W-8EXP, Certificate of Foreign Government or Other Foreign Organization for United States Tax Withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   This form is used by a foreign government, international organization, foreign central bank of issue, foreign tax-exempt organization, foreign private foundation, or government of a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes possession to: Establish foreign status, Claim that such person is the beneficial owner of the income for which the form is being furnished, and Claim a reduced rate of, or an exemption from, withholding as such an entity. Do unemployed people file taxes   If the government or organization is a partner in a partnership carrying on a trade or business in the United States, the effectively connected income allocable to the partner is subject to withholding under section 1446. Do unemployed people file taxes   See Foreign Governments and Certain Other Foreign Organizations , later. Do unemployed people file taxes Foreign Intermediaries and Foreign Flow-Through Entities Payments made to a foreign intermediary or foreign flow-through entity are treated as made to the payees on whose behalf the intermediary or entity acts. Do unemployed people file taxes The Form W-8IMY provided by a foreign intermediary or flow-through entity must be accompanied by additional information for you to be able to reliably associate the payment with a payee. Do unemployed people file taxes The additional information required depends on the type of intermediary or flow-through entity and the extent of the withholding responsibilities it assumes. Do unemployed people file taxes Form W-8IMY, Certificate of Foreign Intermediary, Foreign Flow-Through Entity, or Certain U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes Branches for United States Tax Withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes   This form is used by foreign intermediaries and foreign flow-through entities, as well as certain U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branches, to: Represent that a foreign person is a qualified intermediary or nonqualified intermediary, Represent, if applicable, that the qualified intermediary is assuming primary NRA withholding responsibility and/or primary Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility, Represent that a foreign partnership or a foreign simple or grantor trust is a withholding foreign partnership or a withholding foreign trust, Represent that a foreign flow-through entity is a nonwithholding foreign partnership, or a nonwithholding foreign trust and that the income is not effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States, Represent that the provider is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch of a foreign bank or insurance company and either is agreeing to be treated as a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person or is transmitting documentation of the persons on whose behalf it is acting, or Represent that, for purposes of section 1446, it is an upper-tier foreign partnership or a foreign grantor trust and that the form is being used to transmit the required documentation. Do unemployed people file taxes For information on qualifying as an upper-tier foreign partnership, see Regulations section 1. Do unemployed people file taxes 1446-5. Do unemployed people file taxes Qualified Intermediaries In most cases, a QI is any foreign intermediary that has entered into a QI withholding agreement (discussed earlier) with the IRS. Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign intermediary that has received a QI employer identification number (QI-EIN) may represent on Form W-8IMY that it is a QI before it receives a fully executed agreement. Do unemployed people file taxes The intermediary can claim that it is a QI until the IRS revokes its QI-EIN. Do unemployed people file taxes The IRS will revoke a QI-EIN if the QI agreement is not executed and returned to the IRS within a reasonable period of time after the agreement was sent to the intermediary for signature. Do unemployed people file taxes Responsibilities. Do unemployed people file taxes   Payments made to a QI that does not assume NRA withholding responsibility are treated as paid to its account holders and customers. Do unemployed people file taxes However, a QI is not required to provide you with documentation it obtains from its foreign account holders and customers. Do unemployed people file taxes Instead, it provides you with a withholding statement that contains withholding rate pool information. Do unemployed people file taxes A withholding rate pool is a payment of a single type of income, determined in accordance with the categories of income reported on Form 1042-S that is subject to a single rate of withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes A qualified intermediary is required to provide you with information regarding U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes persons subject to Form 1099 reporting and to provide you withholding rate pool information separately for each such U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person unless it has assumed Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility. Do unemployed people file taxes For the alternative procedure for providing rate pool information for U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes non-exempt persons, see the Form W-8IMY instructions. Do unemployed people file taxes   The withholding statement must: Designate those accounts for which it acts as a qualified intermediary, Designate those accounts for which it assumes primary NRA withholding responsibility and/or primary Form 1099 and backup withholding responsibility, and Provide sufficient information for you to allocate the payment to a withholding rate pool. Do unemployed people file taxes   The extent to which you must have withholding rate pool information depends on the withholding and reporting obligations assumed by the QI. Do unemployed people file taxes Primary responsibility not assumed. Do unemployed people file taxes   If a QI does not assume primary NRA withholding responsibility or primary Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility for the payment, you can reliably associate the payment with valid documentation only to the extent you can reliably determine the part of the payment that relates to each withholding rate pool for foreign payees. Do unemployed people file taxes Unless the alternative procedure applies, the qualified intermediary must provide you with a separate withholding rate pool for each U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person subject to Form 1099 reporting and/or backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes The QI must provide a Form W-9 or, in the absence of the form, the name, address, and TIN, if available, for such person. Do unemployed people file taxes Primary NRA withholding responsibility assumed. Do unemployed people file taxes   If you make a payment to a QI that assumes primary NRA withholding responsibility (but not primary Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility), you can reliably associate the payment with valid documentation only to the extent you can reliably determine the part of the payment that relates to the withholding rate pool for which the QI assumes primary NRA withholding responsibility and the part of the payment attributable to withholding rate pools for each U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person, unless the alternative procedure applies, subject to Form 1099 reporting and/or backup withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes The QI must provide a Form W-9 or, in the absence of the form, the name, address, and TIN, if available, for such person. Do unemployed people file taxes Primary NRA and Form 1099 responsibility assumed. Do unemployed people file taxes   If you make a payment to a QI that assumes both primary NRA withholding responsibility and primary Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility, you can reliably associate a payment with valid documentation provided that you receive a valid Form W-8IMY. Do unemployed people file taxes It is not necessary to associate the payment with withholding rate pools. Do unemployed people file taxes Example. Do unemployed people file taxes You make a payment of dividends to a QI. Do unemployed people file taxes It has five customers: two are foreign persons who have provided documentation entitling them to a 15% rate of withholding on dividends; two are foreign persons subject to a 30% rate of withholding on dividends; and one is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes individual who provides it with a Form W-9. Do unemployed people file taxes Each customer is entitled to 20% of the dividend payment. Do unemployed people file taxes The QI does not assume any primary withholding responsibility. Do unemployed people file taxes The QI gives you a Form W-8IMY with which it associates the Form W-9 and a withholding statement that allocates 40% of the dividend to a 15% withholding rate pool, 40% to a 30% withholding rate pool, and 20% to the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes individual. Do unemployed people file taxes You should report on Forms 1042-S 40% of the payment as made to a 15% rate dividend pool and 40% of the payment as made to a 30% rate dividend pool. Do unemployed people file taxes The part of the payment allocable to the U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes individual (20%) is reportable on Form 1099-DIV. Do unemployed people file taxes Smaller partnerships and trusts. Do unemployed people file taxes   A QI may apply special rules to a smaller partnership or trust (Joint Account Provision) only if the partnership or trust meets the following conditions. Do unemployed people file taxes It is a foreign partnership or foreign simple or grantor trust. Do unemployed people file taxes It is a direct account holder of the QI. Do unemployed people file taxes It does not have any partner, beneficiary, or owner that is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person or a pass- through partner, beneficiary, or owner. Do unemployed people file taxes   For information on these rules, see section 4A. Do unemployed people file taxes 01 of the QI agreement. Do unemployed people file taxes This is found in Appendix 3 of Revenue Procedure 2003-64. Do unemployed people file taxes Also see Revenue Procedure 2004-21. Do unemployed people file taxes Related partnerships and trusts. Do unemployed people file taxes    A QI may apply special rules to a related partnership or trust only if the partnership or trust meets the following conditions. Do unemployed people file taxes It is a foreign partnership or foreign simple or grantor trust. Do unemployed people file taxes It is either: A direct account holder of the QI, or An indirect account holder of the QI that is a direct partner, beneficiary, or owner of a partnership or trust to which the QI has applied this rule. Do unemployed people file taxes For information on these rules, see section 4A. Do unemployed people file taxes 02 of the QI agreement. Do unemployed people file taxes This is found in Appendix 3 of Revenue Procedure 2003-64. Do unemployed people file taxes Also see Revenue Procedure 2005-77. Do unemployed people file taxes Nonqualified Intermediaries If you are making a payment to an NQI, foreign flow-through entity, or U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch that is using Form W-8IMY to transmit information about the branch's account holders or customers, you can treat the payment (or a part of the payment) as reliably associated with valid documentation from a specific payee only if, prior to making the payment: You can allocate the payment to a valid Form W-8IMY, You can reliably determine how much of the payment relates to valid documentation provided by a payee (a person that is not itself a foreign intermediary, flow- through entity, or U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch), and You have sufficient information to report the payment on Form 1042-S or Form 1099, if reporting is required. Do unemployed people file taxes The NQI, flow-through entity, or U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch must give you certain information on a withholding statement that is associated with the Form W-8IMY. Do unemployed people file taxes A withholding statement must be updated to keep the information accurate prior to each payment. Do unemployed people file taxes Withholding statement. Do unemployed people file taxes   In most cases, a withholding statement must contain the following information. Do unemployed people file taxes The name, address, and TIN (if any, or if required) of each person for whom documentation is provided. Do unemployed people file taxes The type of documentation (documentary evidence, Form W-8, or Form W-9) for every person for whom documentation has been provided. Do unemployed people file taxes The status of the person for whom the documentation has been provided, such as whether the person is a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes exempt recipient (U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person exempt from Form 1099 reporting), U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes non-exempt recipient (U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes person subject to Form 1099 reporting), or a foreign person. Do unemployed people file taxes For a foreign person, the statement must indicate whether the person is a beneficial owner or a foreign intermediary, flow-through entity, or a U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch. Do unemployed people file taxes The type of recipient the person is, based on the recipient codes used on Form 1042-S. Do unemployed people file taxes Information allocating each payment, by income type, to each payee (including U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes exempt and U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes non-exempt recipients) for whom documentation has been provided. Do unemployed people file taxes The rate of withholding that applies to each foreign person to whom a payment is allocated. Do unemployed people file taxes A foreign payee's country of residence. Do unemployed people file taxes If a reduced rate of withholding is claimed, the basis for a reduced rate of withholding (for example, portfolio interest, treaty benefit, etc. Do unemployed people file taxes ). Do unemployed people file taxes In the case of treaty benefits claimed by entities, whether the applicable limitation on benefits statement and the statement that the foreign person derives the income for which treaty benefits are claimed, have been made. Do unemployed people file taxes The name, address, and TIN (if any) of any other NQI, flow-through entity, or U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes branch from which the payee will directly receive a payment. Do unemployed people file taxes Any other information a withholding agent requests to fulfill its reporting and withholding obligations. Do unemployed people file taxes Alternative procedure. Do unemployed people file taxes   Under this alternative procedure the NQI can give you the information that allocates each payment to each foreign and U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes exempt recipient by January 31 following the calendar year of payment, rather than prior to the payment being made as otherwise required. Do unemployed people file taxes To take advantage of this procedure, the NQI must: (a) inform you, on its withholding statement, that it is using the alternative procedure; and (b) obtain your consent. Do unemployed people file taxes You must receive the withholding statement with all the required information (other than item 5) prior to making the payment. Do unemployed people file taxes    This alternative procedure cannot be used for payments to U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes non-exempt recipients. Do unemployed people file taxes Therefore, an NQI must always provide you with allocation information for all U. Do unemployed people file taxes S. Do unemployed people file taxes non-exempt recipients prior to a payment being made. Do unemployed people file taxes Pooled withholding information. Do unemployed people file taxes   If an NQI uses the alternative procedure, it must provide you with withholding rate pool information, as opposed to individual allocation information, prior to the payment of a reportable amount. Do unemployed people file taxes A withholding rate pool is a payment of a single type of income (as determined by the income categories on Form 1042-S) that is subject to a single rate of withholding. Do unemployed people file taxes For example, an NQI that has foreign account holders receiving royalties and dividends, both subject to the 15% rate, will provide you with information for two withholding rate pools (one for royalties and one for dividends). Do unemployed people file taxes The NQI must provide you with the payee specific allocation information (information allocating each payment to each payee) by January 31 following the calendar year of payment. Do unemployed people file taxes Failure to provide allocation information. Do unemployed people file taxes   If an NQI fails to provide you with the payee specific allocation information for a withholding rate pool by January 31, you must not apply the alternative procedure to any of the NQI's withholding rate pools from that date forward. Do unemployed people file taxes You must treat the payees as undocumented and apply the presumption rules, discussed later in Presumption Rules . Do unemployed people file taxes An NQI is deemed to have f