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Amending A Tax Return With Turbotax

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Amending A Tax Return With Turbotax

Amending a tax return with turbotax 2. Amending a tax return with turbotax   American Opportunity Credit Table of Contents Introduction Can You Claim the CreditWho Can Claim the Credit Who Cannot Claim the Credit What Expenses QualifyQualified Education Expenses No Double Benefit Allowed Expenses That Do Not Qualify Who Is an Eligible StudentException. Amending a tax return with turbotax Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses Figuring the CreditEffect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit Refundable Part of Credit Claiming the Credit Introduction For 2013, there are two tax credits available to help you offset the costs of higher education by reducing the amount of your income tax. Amending a tax return with turbotax They are the American opportunity credit (this chapter) and the lifetime learning credit ( chapter 3 ). Amending a tax return with turbotax This chapter explains: Who can claim the American opportunity credit, What expenses qualify for the credit, Who is an eligible student, Who can claim a dependent's expenses, How to figure the credit, How to claim the credit, and When the credit must be repaid. Amending a tax return with turbotax What is the tax benefit of the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax   For the tax year, you may be able to claim an American opportunity credit of up to $2,500 for qualified education expenses paid for each eligible student. Amending a tax return with turbotax   A tax credit reduces the amount of income tax you may have to pay. Amending a tax return with turbotax Unlike a deduction, which reduces the amount of income subject to tax, a credit directly reduces the tax itself. Amending a tax return with turbotax Forty percent of the American opportunity credit may be refundable. Amending a tax return with turbotax This means that if the refundable portion of your credit is more than your tax, the excess will be refunded to you. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Your allowable American opportunity credit may be limited by the amount of your income. Amending a tax return with turbotax Also, the nonrefundable part of the credit may be limited by the amount of your tax. Amending a tax return with turbotax Overview of the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax   See Table 2-1, Overview of the American Opportunity Credit , for the basics of this credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax The details are discussed in this chapter. Amending a tax return with turbotax Can you claim more than one education credit this year. Amending a tax return with turbotax   For each student, you can elect for any year only one of the credits. Amending a tax return with turbotax For example, if you elect to take the American opportunity credit for a child on your 2013 tax return, you cannot use that same child's qualified education expenses to figure the lifetime learning credit for 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If you pay qualified education expenses for more than one student in the same year, you can choose to take the American opportunity credit on a per-student, per-year basis. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you pay qualified education expenses for a student (or students) for whom you do not claim the American opportunity credit, you can use the adjusted qualified education expenses of that student (or those students) in figuring your lifetime learning credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax This means that, for example, you can claim the American opportunity credit for one student and the lifetime learning credit for another student in the same year. Amending a tax return with turbotax Differences between the American opportunity and lifetime learning credits. Amending a tax return with turbotax   There are several differences between these two credits. Amending a tax return with turbotax For example, you can claim the American opportunity credit based on the same student's expenses for no more than 4 tax years, which includes any tax years you claimed the Hope Scholarship Credit for that student. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, there is no limit on the number of years for which you can claim a lifetime learning credit based on the same student's expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax The differences between these credits are shown in Appendix B, Highlights of Education Tax Benefits for Tax Year 2013 near the end of this publication. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you claim the American opportunity credit for any student, you can choose between using that student's adjusted qualified education expenses for the American opportunity credit or the lifetime learning credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you have the choice, the American opportunity credit will always be greater than the lifetime learning credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Table 2-1. Amending a tax return with turbotax Overview of the American Opportunity Credit Maximum credit Up to $2,500 credit per eligible student Limit on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) $180,000 if married filing jointly; $90,000 if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) Refundable or nonrefundable 40% of credit may be refundable; the rest is nonrefundable Number of years of postsecondary education Available ONLY if the student had not completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education before 2013 Number of tax years credit available Available ONLY for 4 tax years per eligible student (including any year(s) Hope Scholarship Credit was claimed) Type of program required Student must be pursuing a program leading to a degree or other recognized education credential Number of courses Student must be enrolled at least half time for at least one academic period that begins during the tax year Felony drug conviction As of the end of 2013, the student had not been convicted of a felony for possessing or distributing a controlled substance Qualified expenses Tuition, required enrollment fees, and course materials that the student needs for a course of study whether or not the materials are bought at the educational institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance Payments for academic periods Payments made in 2013 for academic periods beginning in 2013 or beginning in the first 3 months of 2014 Can You Claim the Credit The following rules will help you determine if you are eligible to claim the American opportunity credit on your tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Who Can Claim the Credit Generally, you can claim the American opportunity credit if all three of the following requirements are met. Amending a tax return with turbotax You pay qualified education expenses of higher education. Amending a tax return with turbotax You pay the education expenses for an eligible student. Amending a tax return with turbotax The eligible student is either yourself, your spouse, or a dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Student qualifications. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Generally, you can take the American opportunity credit for a student only if all of the following four requirements are met. Amending a tax return with turbotax As of the beginning of 2013, the student had not completed the first four years of postsecondary education (generally, the freshman through senior years of college), as determined by the eligible educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax For this purpose, do not include academic credit awarded solely because of the student's performance on proficiency examinations. Amending a tax return with turbotax Neither the American opportunity credit nor the Hope Scholarship Credit has been claimed (by you or anyone else) for this student for any four tax years before 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax If the American opportunity credit (and Hope Scholarship Credit) has been claimed for this student for any three or fewer tax years before 2013, this requirement is met. Amending a tax return with turbotax For at least one academic period beginning (or treated as beginning) in 2013, the student both: Was enrolled in a program that leads to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential; and Carried at least one-half the normal full-time workload for his or her course of study. Amending a tax return with turbotax The standard for what is half of the normal full-time work load is determined by each eligible educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, the standard may not be lower than any of those established by the U. Amending a tax return with turbotax S. Amending a tax return with turbotax Department of Education under the Higher Education Act of 1965. Amending a tax return with turbotax For purposes of whether the student satisfies this third requirement for 2013, treat an academic period beginning in the first three months of 2014 as if it began in 2013 if qualified education expenses for the student were paid in 2013 for that academic period. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Prepaid expenses, later. Amending a tax return with turbotax As of the end of 2013, the student had not been convicted of a federal or state felony for possessing or distributing a controlled substance. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 1. Amending a tax return with turbotax Sharon was eligible for the Hope Scholarship Credit for 2007 and 2008 and for the American opportunity credit for 2010 and 2012. Amending a tax return with turbotax Her parents claimed the Hope Scholarship Credit for Sharon on their tax returns for 2007 and 2008 and claimed the American opportunity credit for Sharon on their 2010 tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Sharon claimed the American opportunity credit on her 2012 tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax The American opportunity credit and Hope Scholarship Credit have been claimed for Sharon for four tax years before 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Therefore, the American opportunity credit cannot be claimed by Sharon for 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax If Sharon were to file Form 8863 for 2013, she would check “Yes” for Part III, line 23, and would be eligible to claim only the lifetime learning credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 2. Amending a tax return with turbotax Wilbert was eligible for the American opportunity credit for 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax His parents claimed the American opportunity credit for Wilbert on their tax returns for 2009, 2010, and 2011. Amending a tax return with turbotax No one claimed an American opportunity credit or Hope Scholarship Credit for Wilbert for any other tax year. Amending a tax return with turbotax The American opportunity credit and Hope Scholarship Credit have been claimed for Wilbert for only three tax years before 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Therefore, Wilbert meets the second requirement to be eligible for the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax If Wilbert were to file Form 8863 for 2013, he would check “No” for Part III, line 23. Amending a tax return with turbotax If Wilbert meets all of the other requirements, he is eligible for the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 3. Amending a tax return with turbotax Glenda enrolls on a full-time basis in a degree program for the 2014 Spring semester, which begins in January 2014. Amending a tax return with turbotax Glenda pays her tuition for the 2014 Spring semester in December 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Because the tuition Glenda paid in 2013 relates to an academic period that begins in the first 3 months of 2014, her eligibility to claim an American opportunity credit in 2013 is determined as if the 2014 Spring semester began in 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax If the requirements above are not met for any student, you cannot take the American opportunity credit for that student. Amending a tax return with turbotax You may be able to take the lifetime learning credit for part or all of that student's qualified education expenses instead. Amending a tax return with turbotax Note. Amending a tax return with turbotax Qualified education expenses paid by a dependent for whom you claim an exemption, or by a third party for that dependent, are considered paid by you. Amending a tax return with turbotax “Qualified education expenses” are defined later under Qualified Education Expenses . Amending a tax return with turbotax “Eligible students” are defined later under Who Is an Eligible Student . Amending a tax return with turbotax A dependent for whom you claim an exemption is defined later under Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses . Amending a tax return with turbotax You may find Figure 2-1, Can You Claim the American Opportunity Credit for 2013 , later, helpful in determining if you can claim an American opportunity credit on your tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Amending a tax return with turbotax Please click the link to view the image. Amending a tax return with turbotax Figure 2-1 Can you claim the American opportunity credit for 2012? Who Cannot Claim the Credit You cannot claim the American opportunity credit for 2013 if any of the following apply. Amending a tax return with turbotax Your filing status is married filing separately. Amending a tax return with turbotax You are listed as a dependent on another person's tax return (such as your parents'). Amending a tax return with turbotax See Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses , later. Amending a tax return with turbotax Your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is $90,000 or more ($180,000 or more in the case of a joint return). Amending a tax return with turbotax MAGI is explained later under Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit . Amending a tax return with turbotax You (or your spouse) were a nonresident alien for any part of 2013 and the nonresident alien did not elect to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes. Amending a tax return with turbotax More information on nonresident aliens can be found in Publication 519, U. Amending a tax return with turbotax S. Amending a tax return with turbotax Tax Guide for Aliens. Amending a tax return with turbotax What Expenses Qualify The American opportunity credit is based on adjusted qualified education expenses you pay for yourself, your spouse, or a dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Generally, the credit is allowed for adjusted qualified education expenses paid in 2013 for an academic period beginning in 2013 or beginning in the first three months of 2014. Amending a tax return with turbotax For example, if you paid $1,500 in December 2013 for qualified tuition for the spring 2014 semester beginning January 2014, you can use that $1,500 in figuring your 2013 credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Academic period. Amending a tax return with turbotax   An academic period includes a semester, trimester, quarter, or other period of study (such as a summer school session) as reasonably determined by an educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax In the case of an educational institution that uses credit hours or clock hours and does not have academic terms, each payment period can be treated as an academic period. Amending a tax return with turbotax Paid with borrowed funds. Amending a tax return with turbotax   You can claim an American opportunity credit for qualified education expenses paid with the proceeds of a loan. Amending a tax return with turbotax Use the expenses to figure the American opportunity credit for the year in which the expenses are paid, not the year in which the loan is repaid. Amending a tax return with turbotax Treat loan payments sent directly to the educational institution as paid on the date the institution credits the student's account. Amending a tax return with turbotax Student withdraws from class(es). Amending a tax return with turbotax   You can claim an American opportunity credit for qualified education expenses not refunded when a student withdraws. Amending a tax return with turbotax Qualified Education Expenses For purposes of the American opportunity credit, qualified education expenses are tuition and certain related expenses required for enrollment or attendance at an eligible educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax Eligible educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax   An eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. Amending a tax return with turbotax S. Amending a tax return with turbotax Department of Education. Amending a tax return with turbotax It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. Amending a tax return with turbotax The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. Amending a tax return with turbotax S. Amending a tax return with turbotax Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. Amending a tax return with turbotax Related expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Student-activity fees are included in qualified education expenses only if the fees must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Amending a tax return with turbotax   However, expenses for books, supplies, and equipment needed for a course of study are included in qualified education expenses whether or not the materials are purchased from the educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax Prepaid expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Qualified education expenses paid in 2013 for an academic period that begins in the first three months of 2014 can be used in figuring an education credit for 2013 only. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Academic period, earlier. Amending a tax return with turbotax For example, if you pay $2,000 in December 2013, for qualified tuition for the 2014 winter quarter that begins in January 2014, you can use that $2,000 in figuring an education credit for 2013 only (if you meet all the other requirements). Amending a tax return with turbotax    You cannot use any amount you paid in 2012 or 2014 to figure the qualified education expenses you use to figure your 2013 education credit(s). Amending a tax return with turbotax   In the following examples, assume that each student is an eligible student at an eligible educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 1. Amending a tax return with turbotax Jefferson is a sophomore in University V's degree program in dentistry. Amending a tax return with turbotax This year, in addition to tuition, he is required to pay a fee to the university for the rental of the dental equipment he will use in this program. Amending a tax return with turbotax Because the equipment rental is needed for his course of study, Jefferson's equipment rental fee is a qualified expense. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 2. Amending a tax return with turbotax Grace and William, both first-year students at College W, are required to have certain books and other reading materials to use in their mandatory first-year classes. Amending a tax return with turbotax The college has no policy about how students should obtain these materials, but any student who purchases them from College W's bookstore will receive a bill directly from the college. Amending a tax return with turbotax William bought his books from a friend; Grace bought hers at College W's bookstore. Amending a tax return with turbotax Both are qualified education expenses for the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 3. Amending a tax return with turbotax When Kelly enrolled at College X for her freshman year, she had to pay a separate student activity fee in addition to her tuition. Amending a tax return with turbotax This activity fee is required of all students, and is used solely to fund on-campus organizations and activities run by students, such as the student newspaper and the student government. Amending a tax return with turbotax No portion of the fee covers personal expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax Although labeled as a student activity fee, the fee is required for Kelly's enrollment and attendance at College X and is a qualified expense. Amending a tax return with turbotax No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot do any of the following. Amending a tax return with turbotax Deduct higher education expenses on your income tax return (as, for example, a business expense) and also claim an American opportunity credit based on those same expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax Claim an American opportunity credit in the same year that you are claiming a tuition and fees deduction for the same student. Amending a tax return with turbotax Claim an American opportunity credit for any student and use any of that student's expenses in figuring your lifetime learning credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Figure the tax-free portion of a distribution from a Coverdell education savings account (ESA) or qualified tuition program (QTP) using the same expenses you used to figure the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Coordination With American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits in chapter 7, Coverdell Education Savings Account, and Coordination With American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning Credits in chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program. Amending a tax return with turbotax Claim a credit based on qualified education expenses paid with tax-free educational assistance, such as a scholarship, grant, or assistance provided by an employer. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses, next. Amending a tax return with turbotax Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses For each student, reduce the qualified education expenses paid by or on behalf of that student under the following rules. Amending a tax return with turbotax The result is the amount of adjusted qualified education expenses for each student. Amending a tax return with turbotax Tax-free educational assistance. Amending a tax return with turbotax   For tax-free educational assistance received in 2013, reduce the qualified educational expenses for each academic period by the amount of tax-free educational assistance allocable to that academic period. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Academic period, earlier. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund of qualified education expenses paid in 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax This tax-free educational assistance is any tax-free educational assistance received by you or anyone else after 2013 for qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 (or attributable to enrollment at an eligible educational institution during 2013). Amending a tax return with turbotax   If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 but before you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed, later. Amending a tax return with turbotax If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 and after you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed, later. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Tax-free educational assistance includes: The tax-free parts of scholarships and fellowships (see Tax-Free Scholarships and Fellowships in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Pell grants (see Pell Grants and Other Title IV Need-Based Education Grants in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions). Amending a tax return with turbotax Employer-provided educational assistance (see chapter 11, Employer-Provided Educational Assistance ), Veterans' educational assistance (see Veterans' Benefits in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), and Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. Amending a tax return with turbotax Generally, any scholarship or fellowship is treated as tax free. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, a scholarship or fellowship is not treated as tax free to the extent the student includes it in gross income (if the student is required to file a tax return for the year the scholarship or fellowship is received) and either of the following is true. Amending a tax return with turbotax The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) must be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Amending a tax return with turbotax The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) may be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Amending a tax return with turbotax You may be able to increase the combined value of an education credit and certain educational assistance if the student includes some or all of the educational assistance in income in the year it is received. Amending a tax return with turbotax For examples, see Coordination with Pell grants and other scholarships, later. Amending a tax return with turbotax Refunds. Amending a tax return with turbotax   A refund of qualified education expenses may reduce adjusted qualified education expenses for the tax year or require repayment (recapture) of a credit claimed in an earlier year. Amending a tax return with turbotax Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Tax-free educational assistance, earlier. Amending a tax return with turbotax Refunds received in 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax   For each student, figure the adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by adding all the qualified education expenses for 2013 and subtracting any refunds of those expenses received from the eligible educational institution during 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is paid before you file an income tax return for 2013, the amount of qualified education expenses for 2013 is reduced by the amount of the refund. Amending a tax return with turbotax Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is paid after you file an income tax return for 2013, you may need to repay some or all of the credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Credit recapture, next. Amending a tax return with turbotax Credit recapture. Amending a tax return with turbotax    If any tax-free educational assistance for the qualified education expenses paid in 2013, or any refund of your qualified education expenses paid in 2013, is received after you file your 2013 income tax return, you must recapture (repay) any excess credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax You do this by refiguring the amount of your adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by reducing the expenses by the amount of the refund or tax-free educational assistance. Amending a tax return with turbotax You then refigure your education credit(s) for 2013 and figure the amount by which your 2013 tax liability would have increased if you claimed the refigured credit(s). Amending a tax return with turbotax Include that amount as an additional tax for the year the refund or tax-free assistance was received. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example. Amending a tax return with turbotax   You paid $7,000 tuition and fees in August 2013, and your child began college in September 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax You filed your 2013 tax return on February 17, 2014, and claimed an American opportunity credit of $2,500. Amending a tax return with turbotax After you filed your return, you received a refund of $4,000. Amending a tax return with turbotax You must refigure your 2013 American opportunity credit using $3,000 of qualified education expenses instead of $7,000. Amending a tax return with turbotax The refigured credit is $2,250. Amending a tax return with turbotax The increase to your tax liability is also $250. Amending a tax return with turbotax Include the difference of $250 as additional tax on your 2014 tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax See the instructions for your 2014 income tax return to determine where to include this tax. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you pay qualified education expenses in 2014 for an academic period that begins in the first 3 months of 2014 and you receive tax-free educational assistance, or a refund, as described above, you may choose to reduce your qualified education expenses for 2014 instead of reducing your expenses for 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Amounts that do not reduce qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Do not reduce qualified education expenses by amounts paid with funds the student receives as: Payment for services, such as wages, A loan, A gift, An inheritance, or A withdrawal from the student's personal savings. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Do not reduce the qualified education expenses by any scholarship or fellowship reported as income on the student's tax return in the following situations. Amending a tax return with turbotax The use of the money is restricted, by the terms of the scholarship or fellowship, to costs of attendance (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Amending a tax return with turbotax The use of the money is not restricted. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 1. Amending a tax return with turbotax Joan paid $3,000 for tuition and $5,000 for room and board at University X. Amending a tax return with turbotax The university did not require her to pay any fees in addition to her tuition in order to enroll in or attend classes. Amending a tax return with turbotax To help pay these costs, she was awarded a $2,000 scholarship and a $4,000 student loan. Amending a tax return with turbotax The terms of the scholarship state that it can be used to pay any of Joan's college expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax University X applies the $2,000 scholarship against Joan's $8,000 total bill, and Joan pays the $6,000 balance of her bill from University X with a combination of her student loan and her savings. Amending a tax return with turbotax Joan does not report any portion of the scholarship as income on her tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax In figuring the amount of either education credit (American opportunity or lifetime learning), Joan must reduce her qualified education expenses by the amount of the scholarship ($2,000) because she excluded the entire scholarship from her income. Amending a tax return with turbotax The student loan is not tax-free educational assistance, so she does not need to reduce her qualified expenses by any part of the loan proceeds. Amending a tax return with turbotax Joan is treated as having paid $1,000 in qualified education expenses ($3,000 tuition – $2,000 scholarship). Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 2. Amending a tax return with turbotax The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Joan reports her entire scholarship as income on her tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Because Joan reported the entire $2,000 scholarship in her income, she does not need to reduce her qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax Joan is treated as having paid $3,000 in qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax Coordination with Pell grants and other scholarships. Amending a tax return with turbotax   In some cases, you may be able to reduce your tax liability by including scholarships in income. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you are claiming an education credit for a claimed dependent who received a scholarship, you may be able to reduce your tax liability if the student includes the scholarship in income. Amending a tax return with turbotax The scholarship must be one that may (by its terms) be applied to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 1—No scholarship. Amending a tax return with turbotax Bill Pass, age 28 and unmarried, enrolled full-time in 2013 as a first-year student at a local college to earn a degree in law enforcement. Amending a tax return with turbotax This was his first year of postsecondary education. Amending a tax return with turbotax During 2013, he paid $5,600 for his qualified education expenses and $4,400 for his room and board for the fall 2013 semester. Amending a tax return with turbotax He and the college meet all the requirements for the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Bill's AGI and his MAGI, for purposes of figuring his credit, are $30,000. Amending a tax return with turbotax Bill takes the standard deduction of $5,950 and personal exemption of $3,800, reducing his AGI to taxable income of $20,250. Amending a tax return with turbotax His income tax liability, before credits, is $2,599 and Bill claims no credits other than the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax He figures his American opportunity credit based on qualified education expenses of $4,000, which results in a credit of $2,500 and tax after credits of $99. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 2—Scholarship excluded from income. Amending a tax return with turbotax The facts are the same as in Example 1—No scholarship, except that Bill was awarded a $5,600 scholarship. Amending a tax return with turbotax Under the terms of his scholarship, it may be used to pay any educational expenses, including room and board. Amending a tax return with turbotax If Bill excludes the scholarship from income, he will be deemed (for purposes of computing his education credit) to have used the scholarship to pay for tuition, required fees, and course materials. Amending a tax return with turbotax His adjusted qualified education expenses will be zero and he will not have an education credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Therefore, Bill's tax after credits would be $2,599. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 3—Scholarship partially included in income. Amending a tax return with turbotax The facts are the same as in Example 2—Scholarship excluded from income. Amending a tax return with turbotax If, unlike Example 2, Bill includes $4,000 of the scholarship in income, he will be deemed to have used that amount to pay for room and board. Amending a tax return with turbotax The remaining $1,600 of the $5,600 scholarship will reduce his qualified education expenses and his adjusted qualified education expenses will be $4,000. Amending a tax return with turbotax Bill's AGI will increase to $34,000, his taxable income will increase to $24,250, and his tax before credits will increase to $3,199. Amending a tax return with turbotax Based on his adjusted qualified education expenses of $4,000, Bill would be able to claim an American opportunity tax credit of $2,500 and his tax after credits would be $699. Amending a tax return with turbotax Expenses That Do Not Qualify Qualified education expenses do not include amounts paid for: Insurance, Medical expenses (including student health fees), Room and board, Transportation, or Similar personal, living, or family expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax This is true even if the amount must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Amending a tax return with turbotax Sports, games, hobbies, and noncredit courses. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Qualified education expenses generally do not include expenses that relate to any course of instruction or other education that involves sports, games or hobbies, or any noncredit course. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, if the course of instruction or other education is part of the student's degree program, these expenses can qualify. Amending a tax return with turbotax Comprehensive or bundled fees. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Some eligible educational institutions combine all of their fees for an academic period into one amount. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you do not receive or do not have access to an allocation showing how much you paid for qualified education expenses and how much you paid for personal expenses, such as those listed earlier, contact the institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax The institution is required to make this allocation and provide you with the amount you paid (or were billed) for qualified education expenses on Form 1098-T, Tuition Statement. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Figuring the Credit , later, for more information about Form 1098-T. Amending a tax return with turbotax Who Is an Eligible Student To claim the American opportunity credit, the student for whom you pay qualified education expenses must be an eligible student. Amending a tax return with turbotax This is a student who meets all of the following requirements. Amending a tax return with turbotax The student did not have expenses that were used to figure an American opportunity credit in any 4 earlier tax years. Amending a tax return with turbotax This includes any tax year(s) in which you claimed the Hope Scholarship Credit for the same student. Amending a tax return with turbotax The student had not completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education (generally, the freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior years of college) before 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax For at least one academic period beginning in 2013, the student was enrolled at least half-time in a program leading to a degree, certificate, or other recognized educational credential. Amending a tax return with turbotax The student has not been convicted of any federal or state felony for possessing or distributing a controlled substance as of the end of 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax These requirements are also shown in Figure 2-2, Who is an Eligible Student for the American Opportunity Credit , later. Amending a tax return with turbotax Completion of first 4 years. Amending a tax return with turbotax   A student has completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education if the institution at which the student is enrolled awards the student 4 years of academic credit at that institution for coursework completed by the student before 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax This student generally would not be an eligible student for purposes of the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Exception. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Any academic credit awarded solely on the basis of the student's performance on proficiency examinations is disregarded in determining whether the student has completed 4 years of postsecondary education. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enrolled at least half-time. Amending a tax return with turbotax   A student was enrolled at least half-time if the student was taking at least half the normal full-time work load for his or her course of study. Amending a tax return with turbotax   The standard for what is half of the normal full-time work load is determined by each eligible educational institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, the standard may not be lower than any of those established by the U. Amending a tax return with turbotax S. Amending a tax return with turbotax Department of Education under the Higher Education Act of 1965. Amending a tax return with turbotax Please click here for the text description of the image. Amending a tax return with turbotax Figure 2-2 Example 1. Amending a tax return with turbotax Mack graduated from high school in June 2012. Amending a tax return with turbotax In September, he enrolled in an undergraduate degree program at College U, and attended full-time for both the 2012 fall and 2013 spring semesters. Amending a tax return with turbotax For the 2013 fall semester, Mack was enrolled less than half-time. Amending a tax return with turbotax Because Mack was enrolled in an undergraduate degree program on at least a half-time basis for at least one academic period that began during 2012 and at least one academic period that began during 2013, he is an eligible student for tax years 2012 and 2013 (including the 2013 fall semester when he enrolled at College U on less than a half-time basis). Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 2. Amending a tax return with turbotax After taking classes at College V on a part-time basis for a few years, Shelly became a full-time student for the 2013 spring semester. Amending a tax return with turbotax College V classified Shelly as a second-semester senior (fourth year) for the 2013 spring semester and as a first-semester graduate student (fifth year) for the 2013 fall semester. Amending a tax return with turbotax Because College V did not classify Shelly as having completed the first 4 years of postsecondary education as of the beginning of 2013, Shelly is an eligible student for tax year 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Therefore, the qualified education expenses paid for the 2013 spring semester and the 2013 fall semester are taken into account in calculating the American opportunity credit for 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 3. Amending a tax return with turbotax During the 2012 fall semester, Larry was a high school student who took classes on a half-time basis at College X. Amending a tax return with turbotax Larry was not enrolled as part of a degree program at College X because College X only admits students to a degree program if they have a high school diploma or equivalent. Amending a tax return with turbotax Because Larry was not enrolled in a degree program at College X during 2012, Larry was not an eligible student for tax year 2012. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 4. Amending a tax return with turbotax The facts are the same as in Example 3. Amending a tax return with turbotax During the 2013 spring semester, Larry again attended College X but not as part of a degree program. Amending a tax return with turbotax Larry graduated from high school in June 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax For the 2013 fall semester, Larry enrolled as a full-time student in College X as part of a degree program, and College X awarded Larry credit for his prior coursework at College X. Amending a tax return with turbotax Because Larry was enrolled in a degree program at College X for the 2013 fall term on at least a half-time basis, Larry is an eligible student for all of tax year 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Therefore, the qualified education expenses paid for classes taken at College X during both the 2013 spring semester (during which Larry was not enrolled in a degree program) and the 2013 fall semester are taken into account in computing any American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example 5. Amending a tax return with turbotax Dee graduated from high school in June 2012. Amending a tax return with turbotax In January 2013, Dee enrolled in a 1-year postsecondary certificate program on a full-time basis to obtain a certificate as a travel agent. Amending a tax return with turbotax Dee completed the program in December 2013, and was awarded a certificate. Amending a tax return with turbotax In January 2014, she enrolled in a 1-year postsecondary certificate program on a full-time basis to obtain a certificate as a computer programmer. Amending a tax return with turbotax Dee is an eligible student for both tax years 2013 and 2014 because she meets the degree requirement, the work load requirement, and the year of study requirement for those years. Amending a tax return with turbotax Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses If there are qualified education expenses for your dependent during a tax year, either you or your dependent, but not both of you, can claim an American opportunity credit for your dependent's expenses for that year. Amending a tax return with turbotax For you to claim an American opportunity credit for your dependent's expenses, you must also claim an exemption for your dependent. Amending a tax return with turbotax You do this by listing your dependent's name and other required information on Form 1040 (or Form 1040A), line 6c. Amending a tax return with turbotax IF you. Amending a tax return with turbotax . Amending a tax return with turbotax . Amending a tax return with turbotax THEN only. Amending a tax return with turbotax . Amending a tax return with turbotax . Amending a tax return with turbotax claim an exemption on  your tax return for a  dependent who is an  eligible student you can claim the American opportunity credit based on that dependent's expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax The dependent cannot claim the credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax do not claim an exemption on your tax return for a dependent who is an eligible student (even if entitled to the exemption) the dependent can claim the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax You cannot claim the credit based on this dependent's expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax Expenses paid by dependent. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If you claim an exemption on your tax return for an eligible student who is your dependent, treat any expenses paid (or deemed paid) by your dependent as if you had paid them. Amending a tax return with turbotax Include these expenses when figuring the amount of your American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax    Qualified education expenses paid directly to an eligible educational institution for your dependent under a court-approved divorce decree are treated as paid by your dependent. Amending a tax return with turbotax Expenses paid by you. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If you claim an exemption for a dependent who is an eligible student, only you can include any expenses you paid when figuring the amount of the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax If neither you nor anyone else claims an exemption for the dependent, only the dependent can include any expenses you paid when figuring the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Expenses paid by others. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Someone other than you, your spouse, or your dependent (such as a relative or former spouse) may make a payment directly to an eligible educational institution to pay for an eligible student's qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax In this case, the student is treated as receiving the payment from the other person and, in turn, paying the institution. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you claim an exemption on your tax return for the student, you are considered to have paid the expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example. Amending a tax return with turbotax In 2013, Ms. Amending a tax return with turbotax Allen makes a payment directly to an eligible educational institution for her grandson Todd's qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax For purposes of claiming an American opportunity credit, Todd is treated as receiving the money from his grandmother and, in turn, paying his qualified education expenses himself. Amending a tax return with turbotax Unless an exemption for Todd is claimed on someone else's 2013 tax return, only Todd can use the payment to claim an American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax If anyone, such as Todd's parents, claims an exemption for Todd on his or her 2013 tax return, whoever claims the exemption may be able to use the expenses to claim an American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax If anyone else claims an exemption for Todd, Todd cannot claim an American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Tuition reduction. Amending a tax return with turbotax    When an eligible educational institution provides a reduction in tuition to an employee of the institution (or spouse or dependent child of an employee), the amount of the reduction may or may not be taxable. Amending a tax return with turbotax If it is taxable, the employee is treated as receiving a payment of that amount and, in turn, paying it to the educational institution on behalf of the student. Amending a tax return with turbotax For more information on tuition reductions, see Qualified Tuition Reduction in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Amending a tax return with turbotax Figuring the Credit The amount of the American opportunity credit (per eligible student) is the sum of: 100% of the first $2,000 of qualified education expenses you paid for the eligible student, and 25% of the next $2,000 of qualified education expenses you paid for that student. Amending a tax return with turbotax The maximum amount of American opportunity credit you can claim in 2013 is $2,500 multiplied by the number of eligible students. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can claim the full $2,500 for each eligible student for whom you paid at least $4,000 of adjusted qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, the credit may be reduced based on your MAGI. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit , later. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example. Amending a tax return with turbotax Jack and Kay Ford are married and file a joint tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax For 2013, they claim an exemption for their dependent daughter on their tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Their MAGI is $70,000. Amending a tax return with turbotax Their daughter is in her junior (third) year of studies at the local university. Amending a tax return with turbotax Jack and Kay paid qualified education expenses of $4,300 in 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Jack and Kay, their daughter, and the local university meet all of the requirements for the American opportunity credit. Amending a tax return with turbotax Jack and Kay can claim a $2,500 American opportunity credit in 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax This is 100% of the first $2,000 of qualified education expenses, plus 25% of the next $2,000. Amending a tax return with turbotax Form 1098-T. Amending a tax return with turbotax   To help you figure your American opportunity credit, the student should receive Form 1098-T, Tuition Statement. Amending a tax return with turbotax Generally, an eligible educational institution (such as a college or university) must send Form 1098-T (or acceptable substitute) to each enrolled student by January 31, 2014. Amending a tax return with turbotax An institution may choose to report either payments received (box 1), or amounts billed (box 2), for qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 of Form 1098-T might be different than what you paid. Amending a tax return with turbotax When figuring the credit, use only the amounts you paid or are deemed to have paid in 2013 for qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax   In addition, Form 1098-T should give other information for that institution, such as adjustments made for prior years, the amount of scholarships or grants, reimbursements or refunds, and whether the student was enrolled at least half-time or was a graduate student. Amending a tax return with turbotax    The eligible educational institution may ask for a completed Form W-9S, Request for Student's or Borrower's Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or similar statement to obtain the student's name, address, and taxpayer identification number. Amending a tax return with turbotax Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Credit The amount of your American opportunity credit is phased out (gradually reduced) if your MAGI is between $80,000 and $90,000 ($160,000 and $180,000 if you file a joint return). Amending a tax return with turbotax You cannot claim an American opportunity credit if your MAGI is $90,000 or more ($180,000 or more if you file a joint return). Amending a tax return with turbotax Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). Amending a tax return with turbotax   For most taxpayers, MAGI is adjusted gross income (AGI) as figured on their federal income tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax MAGI when using Form 1040A. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If you file Form 1040A, your MAGI is the AGI on line 22 of that form. Amending a tax return with turbotax MAGI when using Form 1040. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If you file Form 1040, your MAGI is the AGI on line 38 of that form, modified by adding back any: Foreign earned income exclusion, Foreign housing exclusion, Foreign housing deduction, Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of American Samoa, and Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of Puerto Rico. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can use Worksheet 2-1, next, to figure your MAGI. Amending a tax return with turbotax    Worksheet 2-1. Amending a tax return with turbotax MAGI for the American Opportunity Credit 1. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter your adjusted gross income  (Form 1040, line 38)   1. Amending a tax return with turbotax   2. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter your foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing exclusion (Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18)   2. Amending a tax return with turbotax       3. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter your foreign housing deduction (Form 2555, line 50)   3. Amending a tax return with turbotax       4. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter the amount of income from Puerto Rico you are excluding   4. Amending a tax return with turbotax       5. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter the amount of income from American Samoa you are excluding (Form 4563, line 15)   5. Amending a tax return with turbotax       6. Amending a tax return with turbotax Add the amounts on lines 2, 3, 4, and 5   6. Amending a tax return with turbotax   7. Amending a tax return with turbotax Add the amounts on lines 1 and 6. Amending a tax return with turbotax  This is your modified adjusted  gross income. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter here and  on Form 8863, line 3   7. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Phaseout. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If your MAGI is within the range of incomes where the credit must be reduced, you will figure your reduced credit using lines 2-7, of Form 8863, Part I. Amending a tax return with turbotax The same method is shown in the following example. Amending a tax return with turbotax Example. Amending a tax return with turbotax You are filing a joint return and your MAGI is $165,000. Amending a tax return with turbotax In 2013, you paid $5,000 of qualified education expenses. Amending a tax return with turbotax You figure a tentative American opportunity credit of $2,500 (100% of the first $2,000 of qualified education expenses, plus 25% of the next $2,000 of qualified education expenses). Amending a tax return with turbotax Because your MAGI is within the range of incomes where the credit must be reduced, you must multiply your tentative credit ($2,500) by a fraction. Amending a tax return with turbotax The numerator of the fraction is $180,000 (the upper limit for those filing a joint return) minus your MAGI. Amending a tax return with turbotax The denominator is $20,000, the range of incomes for the phaseout ($160,000 to $180,000). Amending a tax return with turbotax The result is the amount of your phased out (reduced) American opportunity credit ($1,875). Amending a tax return with turbotax      $2,500 × $180,000 − $165,000  $20,000 = $1,875   Refundable Part of Credit Forty percent of the American opportunity credit is refundable for most taxpayers. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, if you were under age 24 at the end of 2013 and the conditions listed below apply to you, you cannot claim any part of the American opportunity credit as a refundable credit on your tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Instead, your allowed credit (figured on Form 8863, Part II) will be used to reduce your tax as a nonrefundable credit only. Amending a tax return with turbotax You do not qualify for a refund if items 1 (a, b, or c), 2, and 3 below apply to you. Amending a tax return with turbotax You were: Under age 18 at the end of 2013, or Age 18 at the end of 2013 and your earned income (defined below) was less than one-half of your support (defined below), or Over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2013 and a full-time student (defined below) and your earned income (defined below) was less than one-half of your support (defined below). Amending a tax return with turbotax At least one of your parents was alive at the end of 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax You are filing a return as single, head of household, qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately for 2013. Amending a tax return with turbotax Earned income. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Earned income includes wages, salaries, professional fees, and other payments received for personal services actually performed. Amending a tax return with turbotax Earned income includes the part of any scholarship or fellowship that represents payment for teaching, research, or other services performed by the student that are required as a condition for receiving the scholarship or fellowship. Amending a tax return with turbotax Earned income does not include that part of the compensation for personal services rendered to a corporation which represents a distribution of earnings or profits rather than a reasonable allowance as compensation for the personal services actually rendered. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If you are a sole proprietor or a partner in a trade or business in which both personal services and capital are material income-producing factors, earned income also includes a reasonable allowance for compensation for personal services, but not more than 30% of your share of the net profits from that trade or business (after subtracting the deduction for one-half of self-employment tax). Amending a tax return with turbotax However, if capital is not an income-producing factor and your personal services produced the business income, the 30% limit does not apply. Amending a tax return with turbotax Support. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Your support includes food, shelter, clothing, medical and dental care, education, and the like. Amending a tax return with turbotax Generally, the amount of the item of support will be the amount of expenses incurred by the one furnishing such item. Amending a tax return with turbotax If the item of support is in the form of property or lodging, measure the amount of such item of support by its fair market value. Amending a tax return with turbotax However, a scholarship received by you is not considered support if you are a full-time student. Amending a tax return with turbotax See Publication 501 for details. Amending a tax return with turbotax Full-time student. Amending a tax return with turbotax   You are a full-time student for 2013 if during any part of any 5 calendar months during the year you were enrolled as a full-time student at an eligible educational institution (defined earlier), or took a full-time, on-farm training course given by such an institution or by a state, county, or local government agency. Amending a tax return with turbotax Claiming the Credit You claim the American opportunity credit by completing Form 8863 and submitting it with your Form 1040 or 1040A. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter the nonrefundable part of the credit on Form 1040, line 49, or on Form 1040A, line 31. Amending a tax return with turbotax Enter the refundable part of the credit on Form 1040, line 66, or on Form 1040A, line 40. Amending a tax return with turbotax A filled-in Form 8863 is shown at the end of this publication. Amending a tax return with turbotax Note. Amending a tax return with turbotax In Appendix A. Amending a tax return with turbotax at the end of this publication, there is an example illustrating the use of Form 8863 when both the American opportunity credit and the lifetime learning credit are claimed on the same tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Amending A Tax Return With Turbotax

Amending a tax return with turbotax 7. Amending a tax return with turbotax   How To Get Tax Help Table of Contents Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. Amending a tax return with turbotax Free help with your tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. Amending a tax return with turbotax The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. Amending a tax return with turbotax The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Amending a tax return with turbotax Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. Amending a tax return with turbotax In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. Amending a tax return with turbotax To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. Amending a tax return with turbotax   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. Amending a tax return with turbotax To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. Amending a tax return with turbotax aarp. Amending a tax return with turbotax org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. Amending a tax return with turbotax For more information on these programs, go to IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. Amending a tax return with turbotax Internet. Amending a tax return with turbotax    IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Amending a tax return with turbotax Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Amending a tax return with turbotax Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. Amending a tax return with turbotax Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. Amending a tax return with turbotax The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Amending a tax return with turbotax Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. Amending a tax return with turbotax You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Amending a tax return with turbotax The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Amending a tax return with turbotax Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. Amending a tax return with turbotax No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. Amending a tax return with turbotax The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. Amending a tax return with turbotax When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. Amending a tax return with turbotax New subject areas are added on a regular basis. Amending a tax return with turbotax  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can use the IRS Tax Map, to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. Amending a tax return with turbotax The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. Amending a tax return with turbotax When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. Amending a tax return with turbotax Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. Amending a tax return with turbotax Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. Amending a tax return with turbotax Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. Amending a tax return with turbotax Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. Amending a tax return with turbotax Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. Amending a tax return with turbotax Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Amending a tax return with turbotax It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Amending a tax return with turbotax Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov. Amending a tax return with turbotax Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov for more information. Amending a tax return with turbotax Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. Amending a tax return with turbotax Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov. Amending a tax return with turbotax Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. Amending a tax return with turbotax Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov. Amending a tax return with turbotax Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. Amending a tax return with turbotax Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. Amending a tax return with turbotax Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. Amending a tax return with turbotax An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Amending a tax return with turbotax Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. Amending a tax return with turbotax Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. Amending a tax return with turbotax Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). Amending a tax return with turbotax Go to IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. Amending a tax return with turbotax Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. Amending a tax return with turbotax Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. Amending a tax return with turbotax Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. Amending a tax return with turbotax Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov and choose from a variety of options. Amending a tax return with turbotax Phone. Amending a tax return with turbotax    You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. Amending a tax return with turbotax Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Amending a tax return with turbotax Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov, or download the IRS2Go app. Amending a tax return with turbotax Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Amending a tax return with turbotax The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Amending a tax return with turbotax Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. Amending a tax return with turbotax Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. Amending a tax return with turbotax Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. Amending a tax return with turbotax The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. Amending a tax return with turbotax Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Amending a tax return with turbotax Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. Amending a tax return with turbotax The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. Amending a tax return with turbotax Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. Amending a tax return with turbotax Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. Amending a tax return with turbotax Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. Amending a tax return with turbotax It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. Amending a tax return with turbotax Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). Amending a tax return with turbotax You should receive your order within 10 business days. Amending a tax return with turbotax Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. Amending a tax return with turbotax If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. Amending a tax return with turbotax Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. Amending a tax return with turbotax The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. Amending a tax return with turbotax These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. Amending a tax return with turbotax Walk-in. Amending a tax return with turbotax   You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in-person. Amending a tax return with turbotax Products. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. Amending a tax return with turbotax Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. Amending a tax return with turbotax Services. Amending a tax return with turbotax You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. Amending a tax return with turbotax An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Amending a tax return with turbotax Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. Amending a tax return with turbotax Mail. Amending a tax return with turbotax   You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. Amending a tax return with turbotax You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. Amending a tax return with turbotax Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Amending a tax return with turbotax Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. Amending a tax return with turbotax The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. Amending a tax return with turbotax   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. Amending a tax return with turbotax We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. Amending a tax return with turbotax You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. Amending a tax return with turbotax You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. Amending a tax return with turbotax   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. Amending a tax return with turbotax Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. Amending a tax return with turbotax Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. Amending a tax return with turbotax We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Amending a tax return with turbotax   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. Amending a tax return with turbotax   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. Amending a tax return with turbotax If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. Amending a tax return with turbotax Low Income Taxpayer Clinics. Amending a tax return with turbotax   Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals, and tax collection disputes. Amending a tax return with turbotax Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. Amending a tax return with turbotax Visit www. Amending a tax return with turbotax TaxpayerAdvocate. Amending a tax return with turbotax irs. Amending a tax return with turbotax gov or see IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. Amending a tax return with turbotax Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications