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Amended State Tax Forms

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Amended State Tax Forms

Amended state tax forms 8. Amended state tax forms   Paying Tax Through Withholding or Estimated Tax Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Notification of Alien Status Withholding From CompensationWithholding on Wages Withholding on Pensions Withholding on Tip Income Independent Contractors Withholding From Other IncomeTax Withheld on Partnership Income Withholding on Scholarships and Fellowship Grants Income Entitled to Tax Treaty BenefitsStudents, teachers, and researchers. Amended state tax forms Tax Withheld on Real Property Sales Social Security and Medicare TaxesStudents and Exchange Visitors Agricultural Workers Self-Employment Tax International Social Security Agreements Estimated Tax Form 1040-ES (NR)Fiscal year. Amended state tax forms Introduction This chapter discusses how to pay your U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax as you earn or receive income during the year. Amended state tax forms In general, the federal income tax is a pay as you go tax. Amended state tax forms There are two ways to pay as you go. Amended state tax forms Withholding. Amended state tax forms If you are an employee, your employer probably withholds income tax from your pay. Amended state tax forms Tax may also be withheld from certain other income—including pensions, bonuses, commissions, and gambling winnings. Amended state tax forms In each case, the amount withheld is paid to the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Treasury in your name. Amended state tax forms Estimated tax. Amended state tax forms If you do not pay your tax through withholding, or do not pay enough tax that way, you might have to pay estimated tax. Amended state tax forms People who are in business for themselves generally will have to pay their tax this way. Amended state tax forms You may have to pay estimated tax if you receive income such as dividends, interest, rent, and royalties. Amended state tax forms Estimated tax is used to pay not only income tax, but self-employment tax and alternative minimum tax as well. Amended state tax forms Topics - This chapter discusses: How to notify your employer of your alien status, Income subject to withholding of income tax, Exemptions from withholding, Social security and Medicare taxes, and Estimated tax rules. Amended state tax forms Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 515 Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Entities 901 U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Tax Treaties Form (and Instructions) W-4 Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate W-8BEN Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Individuals) W-8ECI Certificate of Foreign Person's Claim That Income Is Effectively Connected With the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States W-9 Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification 1040-ES (NR) U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Estimated Tax for Nonresident Alien Individuals 8233 Exemption From Withholding on Compensation for Independent (and Certain Dependent) Personal Services of a Nonresident Alien Individual 8288-B Application for Withholding Certificate for Dispositions by Foreign Persons of U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Real Property Interests 13930 Application for Central Withholding Agreement See chapter 12 for information about getting these publications and forms. Amended state tax forms Notification of Alien Status You must let your employer know whether you are a resident or a nonresident alien so your employer can withhold the correct amount of tax from your wages. Amended state tax forms If you are a resident alien under the rules discussed in chapter 1, you must file Form W-9 or a similar statement with your employer. Amended state tax forms If you are a nonresident alien under those rules, you must furnish to your employer Form 8233 or Form W-8BEN, establishing that you are a foreign person, or Form W-4, establishing that your compensation is subject to graduated withholding at the same rates as resident aliens or U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms If you are a resident alien and you receive income other than wages (such as dividends and royalties) from sources within the United States, file Form W-9 or similar statement with the withholding agent (generally, the payer of the income) so the agent will not withhold tax on the income at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate. Amended state tax forms If you receive this type of income as a nonresident alien, file Form W-8BEN with the withholding agent so that the agent will withhold tax at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate. Amended state tax forms However, if the income is effectively connected with a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms trade or business, file Form W-8ECI instead. Amended state tax forms Withholding From Compensation The following discussion generally applies only to nonresident aliens. Amended state tax forms Tax is withheld from resident aliens in the same manner as U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms Wages and other compensation paid to a nonresident alien for services performed as an employee are usually subject to graduated withholding at the same rates as resident aliens and U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms Therefore, your compensation, unless it is specifically excluded from the term “wages” by law, or is exempt from tax by treaty, is subject to graduated withholding. Amended state tax forms Withholding on Wages If you are an employee and you receive wages subject to graduated withholding, you will be required to fill out a Form W-4. Amended state tax forms Also fill out Form W-4 for a scholarship or fellowship grant to the extent it represents payment for past, present, or future services and for which you are not claiming a tax treaty withholding exemption on Form 8233 (discussed later under Income Entitled to Tax Treaty Benefits). Amended state tax forms These are services you are required to perform as an employee and as a condition of receiving the scholarship or fellowship (or tuition reduction). Amended state tax forms Nonresident aliens should fill out Form W-4 using the following instructions instead of the instructions on the Form W-4. Amended state tax forms This is because of the restrictions on a nonresident alien's filing status, the limited number of personal exemptions a nonresident alien is allowed, and because a nonresident alien cannot claim the standard deduction. Amended state tax forms Enter your social security number (SSN) on line 2. Amended state tax forms Do not enter an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). Amended state tax forms Check only “Single” marital status on line 3 (regardless of your actual marital status). Amended state tax forms Claim only one allowance on line 5, unless you are a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea, or a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms national. Amended state tax forms Write “Nonresident Alien” or “NRA” on the dotted line on line 6. Amended state tax forms You can request additional withholding on line 6 at your option. Amended state tax forms Do not claim “Exempt” withholding status on line 7. Amended state tax forms A U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms national is an individual who, although not a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizen, owes his or her allegiance to the United States. Amended state tax forms U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms nationals include American Samoans, and Northern Mariana Islanders who chose to become U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms nationals instead of U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms See Withholding on Scholarships and Fellowship Grants later, for how to fill out Form W-4 if you receive a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms source scholarship or fellowship grant that is not a payment for services. Amended state tax forms Students and business apprentices from India. Amended state tax forms   If you are eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, you may claim an additional withholding allowance for the standard deduction. Amended state tax forms You can claim an additional withholding allowance for your spouse only if your spouse will have no gross income for 2013 and cannot be claimed as a dependent on another U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms taxpayer's 2013 return. Amended state tax forms You may also claim an additional withholding allowance for each of your dependents not admitted to the United States on “F-2,” “J-2,” or “M-2” visas if they meet the same rules that apply to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms Household employees. Amended state tax forms   If you work as a household employee, your employer does not have to withhold income tax. Amended state tax forms However, you may agree to voluntary income tax withholding by filing a Form W-4 with your employer. Amended state tax forms The agreement goes into effect when your employer accepts the agreement by beginning the withholding. Amended state tax forms You or your employer may end the agreement by letting the other know in writing. Amended state tax forms Agricultural workers. Amended state tax forms   If you are an agricultural worker on an H-2A visa, your employer does not have to withhold income tax. Amended state tax forms However, your employer will withhold income tax only if you and your employer agree to withhold. Amended state tax forms In that case, you must provide your employer with a properly completed Form W-4. Amended state tax forms You can find more information about not having tax withheld at www. Amended state tax forms irs. Amended state tax forms gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Foreign-Agricultural-Workers. Amended state tax forms Wages Exempt From Withholding Wages that are exempt from U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax under an income tax treaty are generally exempt from withholding. Amended state tax forms For information on how to claim this exemption from withholding, see Income Entitled to Tax Treaty Benefits , later. Amended state tax forms Wages paid to aliens who are residents of American Samoa, Canada, Mexico, Puerto Rico, or the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Virgin Islands may be exempt from withholding. Amended state tax forms The following paragraphs explain these exemptions. Amended state tax forms Residents of Canada or Mexico engaged in transportation-related employment. Amended state tax forms   Certain residents of Canada or Mexico who enter or leave the United States at frequent intervals are not subject to withholding on their wages. Amended state tax forms These persons either: Perform duties in transportation service between the United States and Canada or Mexico, or Perform duties connected to the construction, maintenance, or operation of a waterway, viaduct, dam, or bridge crossed by, or crossing, the boundary between the United States and Canada or the boundary between the United States and Mexico. Amended state tax forms    This employment is subject to withholding of social security and Medicare taxes unless the services are performed for a railroad. Amended state tax forms   To qualify for the exemption from withholding during a tax year, a Canadian or Mexican resident must give the employer a statement in duplicate with name, address, and identification number, certifying that the resident: Is not a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizen or resident, Is a resident of Canada or Mexico, whichever applies, and Expects to perform duties previously described during the tax year in question. Amended state tax forms   The statement can be in any form, but it must be dated and signed by the employee and must include a written declaration that it is made under the penalties of perjury. Amended state tax forms Residents of American Samoa and Puerto Rico. Amended state tax forms   If you are a nonresident alien employee who is a resident of American Samoa or Puerto Rico, wages for services performed in American Samoa or Puerto Rico are generally not subject to withholding unless you are an employee of the United States or any of its agencies in American Samoa or Puerto Rico. Amended state tax forms Residents of the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Virgin Islands. Amended state tax forms   Nonresident aliens who are bona fide residents of the U. Amended state tax forms S Virgin Islands are not subject to withholding of U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms tax on income earned while temporarily employed in the United States. Amended state tax forms This is because those persons pay their income tax to the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Virgin Islands. Amended state tax forms To avoid having tax withheld on income earned in the United States, bona fide residents of the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Virgin Islands should write a letter, in duplicate, to their employers, stating that they are bona fide residents of the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Virgin Islands and expect to pay tax on all income to the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Virgin Islands. Amended state tax forms Withholding on Pensions If you receive a pension as a result of personal services performed in the United States, the pension income is subject to the 30% (or lower treaty) rate of withholding. Amended state tax forms You may, however, have tax withheld at graduated rates on the portion of the pension that arises from the performance of services in the United States after December 31, 1986. Amended state tax forms You must fill out Form W-8BEN and give it to the withholding agent or payer before the income is paid or credited to you. Amended state tax forms Withholding on Tip Income Tips you receive during the year for services performed in the United States are subject to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax. Amended state tax forms Include them in taxable income. Amended state tax forms In addition, tips received while working for one employer, amounting to $20 or more in a month, are subject to graduated withholding. Amended state tax forms Independent Contractors If there is no employee-employer relationship between you and the person for whom you perform services, your compensation is subject to the 30% (or lower treaty) rate of withholding. Amended state tax forms However, if you are engaged in a trade or business in the United States during the tax year, your compensation for personal services as an independent contractor (independent personal services) may be entirely or partly exempt from withholding if you reach an agreement with the Internal Revenue Service on the amount of withholding required. Amended state tax forms An agreement that you reach with the IRS regarding withholding from your compensation for independent personal services is effective for payments covered by the agreement after it is agreed to by all parties. Amended state tax forms You must agree to timely file an income tax return for the current tax year. Amended state tax forms Central withholding agreements. Amended state tax forms   If you are a nonresident alien entertainer or athlete performing or participating in athletic events in the United States, you may be able to enter into a withholding agreement with the IRS for reduced withholding provided certain requirements are met. Amended state tax forms Under no circumstances will such a withholding agreement reduce taxes withheld to less than the anticipated amount of income tax liability. Amended state tax forms   File Form 13930 and the required attachments with the IRS to request a central withholding agreement. Amended state tax forms Either you or your authorized representative can file the form. Amended state tax forms It should be sent to the IRS at least 45 days before the tour begins or the event occurs. Amended state tax forms Exceptions will be considered on a case by case basis. Amended state tax forms   For more information on the CWA program, go to www. Amended state tax forms irs. Amended state tax forms gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Central-Withholding-Agreements. Amended state tax forms Final payment exemption. Amended state tax forms   Your final payment of compensation during the tax year for independent personal services may be entirely or partly exempt from withholding. Amended state tax forms This exemption is available only once during your tax year and applies to a maximum of $5,000 of compensation. Amended state tax forms To obtain this exemption, you or your agent must give the following statements and information to the Commissioner or his delegate. Amended state tax forms A statement by each withholding agent from whom you have received gross income effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States during the tax year, showing the amount of income paid and the tax withheld. Amended state tax forms Each statement must be signed by the withholding agent and verified by a declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury. Amended state tax forms A statement by the withholding agent from whom you expect to receive the final payment of compensation, showing the amount of the payment and the amount of tax that would be withheld if a final payment exemption were not granted. Amended state tax forms This statement must also be signed by the withholding agent and verified by a declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury. Amended state tax forms A statement by you that you do not intend to receive any other income effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States during the current tax year. Amended state tax forms The amount of tax that has been withheld or paid under any other provision of the Internal Revenue Code or regulations for any income effectively connected with your trade or business in the United States during the current tax year. Amended state tax forms The amount of your outstanding tax liabilities, if any, including interest and penalties, from the current tax year or prior tax periods. Amended state tax forms Any provision of an income tax treaty under which a partial or complete exemption from withholding may be claimed, the country of your residence, and a statement of sufficient facts to justify an exemption under the treaty. Amended state tax forms A statement signed by you, and verified by a declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury, that all the information given is true and that to your knowledge no relevant information has been omitted. Amended state tax forms   If satisfied with the information, the IRS will determine the amount of your tentative income tax for the tax year on gross income effectively connected with your trade or business in the United States. Amended state tax forms Ordinary and necessary business expenses can be taken into account if proven to the satisfaction of the Commissioner or his delegate. Amended state tax forms   The Commissioner or his delegate will send you a letter, directed to the withholding agent, showing the amount of the final payment of compensation that is exempt from withholding and the amount that can be paid to you because of the exemption. Amended state tax forms You must give two copies of the letter to the withholding agent and must also attach a copy of the letter to your income tax return for the tax year for which the exemption is effective. Amended state tax forms Allowance for Personal Exemption Withholding on payments for independent personal services is generally based on the amount of your compensation payment minus the value of one exemption ($3,950 for 2014). Amended state tax forms To determine the income for independent personal services performed in the United States to which the 30% (or lower treaty) rate will apply, you are allowed one personal exemption if you are not a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms national and are not a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea. Amended state tax forms For purposes of 30% withholding, the exemption is prorated at $10. Amended state tax forms 82 a day in 2014 for the period that labor or personal services are performed in the United States. Amended state tax forms To claim an exemption from withholding on the personal exemption amount, fill out the applicable parts of Form 8233 and give it to the withholding agent. Amended state tax forms Example. Amended state tax forms Eric Johannsen, who is a resident of Country X worked under a contract with a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms firm (not as an employee) in the United States for 100 days during 2014 before returning to his country. Amended state tax forms He earned $6,000 for the services performed (not considered wages) in the United States. Amended state tax forms Eric is married and has three dependent children. Amended state tax forms His wife is not employed and has no income subject to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms tax. Amended state tax forms The amount of the personal exemption to be allowed against the income for his personal services performed within the United States in 2014 is $1,082 (100 days × $10. Amended state tax forms 82), and withholding at 30% is applied against the balance. Amended state tax forms Thus, $1,475. Amended state tax forms 40 in tax is withheld from Eric's earnings (30% of $4,918 ($6,000 − $1,082). Amended state tax forms U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms nationals or residents of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea. Amended state tax forms   If you are a nonresident alien who is a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea, or who is a national of the United States, you are subject to the same 30% withholding on your compensation for independent personal services performed in the United States. Amended state tax forms However, if you are a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms national or a resident of Canada or Mexico, you are allowed the same personal exemptions as U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms For the 30% (or lower treaty) rate withholding, you can take $10. Amended state tax forms 82 per day for each allowable exemption in 2014. Amended state tax forms If you are a resident of South Korea, you are allowed personal exemptions for yourself and for your spouse and children who live with you in the United States at any time during the tax year. Amended state tax forms However, the additional exemptions for your spouse and children must be further prorated as explained in chapter 5 under Exemptions . Amended state tax forms Students and business apprentices from India. Amended state tax forms   If you are eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, you are allowed an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse will have no gross income for 2014 and cannot be claimed as a dependent on another U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms taxpayer's 2014 return. Amended state tax forms You are also allowed an exemption for each dependent not admitted to the United States on “F-2,” “J-2,” or “M-2” visas if they meet the same rules that apply to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms For the 30% (or lower treaty rate) withholding on compensation for independent personal services performed in the United States, you are allowed $10. Amended state tax forms 82 per day for each allowable exemption in 2014. Amended state tax forms Refund of Taxes Withheld in Error Multi-level marketing. Amended state tax forms   If you are a distributor for a multi-level marketing company who had taxes withheld in error, file a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax return (Form 1040NR, Form 1040NR-EZ, or Form 1120-F) or, if a tax return has already been filed, a claim for refund (Form 1040X or amended Form 1120-F) to recover the amount withheld in error. Amended state tax forms You must also attach to the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax return or claim for refund supporting information that includes, but is not limited to, the following items. Amended state tax forms A copy of your Form W-2, Form 1042-S, or Form 1099 to prove the amount of taxes withheld. Amended state tax forms A statement explaining why income reported on your Form W-2, Form 1042-S, or Form 1099 is not subject to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms taxation. Amended state tax forms A statement listing all the dates you entered and left the United States during the taxable year. Amended state tax forms If the compensation is multi-year compensation, the statement must list all the dates you entered and left the United States during each of the taxable years to which the compensation is attributable. Amended state tax forms A copy of any documents or records that show the number of days you actually were present in the United States during the years listed. Amended state tax forms A statement providing: (a) the number of days (or unit of time less than a day, if appropriate) that personal services were performed in the United States in connection with recruiting, training, and supporting your lower-tier distributors; and (b) the total number of days (or unit of time less than a day, if appropriate) that personal services were performed globally in connection with recruiting, training, and supporting your lower-tier distributors. Amended state tax forms Any further relevant document or record supporting your claim that the taxes were withheld in error. Amended state tax forms Withholding From Other Income Other income subject to 30% withholding generally includes fixed or determinable income such as interest (other than portfolio interest), dividends, pensions and annuities, and gains from certain sales and exchanges, discussed in chapter 4. Amended state tax forms It also includes 85% of social security benefits paid to nonresident aliens. Amended state tax forms Refund of taxes withheld in error on social security benefits paid to resident aliens. Amended state tax forms   Social security benefits paid to a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) are not subject to 30% withholding. Amended state tax forms For U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax purposes, green card holders continue to be resident aliens until their lawful permanent resident status under immigration laws is either taken away or is administratively or judicially determined to have been abandoned. Amended state tax forms See Green Card Test in chapter 1. Amended state tax forms If you are a green card holder and tax was withheld in error on your social security benefits because you have a foreign address, the withholding tax is refundable by the Social Security Administration (SSA) or the IRS. Amended state tax forms SSA will refund taxes erroneously withheld if the refund can be processed during the same calendar year in which the tax was withheld. Amended state tax forms If SSA cannot refund the taxes withheld, you must file a Form 1040 or 1040A with the Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service Center, Austin, TX 73301 to determine if you are entitled to a refund. Amended state tax forms You must also attach the following to your Form 1040 or 1040A. Amended state tax forms A copy of Form SSA-1042S, Social Security Benefit Statement. Amended state tax forms A copy of the “green card. Amended state tax forms ” A signed declaration that includes the following statements: The SSA should not have withheld income tax from my social security benefits because I am a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms lawful permanent resident and my green card has been neither revoked nor administratively or judicially determined to have been abandoned. Amended state tax forms I am filing a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax return for the tax year as a resident alien reporting all of my worldwide income. Amended state tax forms I have not claimed benefits for the tax year under an income tax treaty as the resident of a country other than the United States. Amended state tax forms Other income not subject to withholding of 30% (or lower treaty) rate. Amended state tax forms   The following income is not subject to withholding at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate if you file Form W-8ECI with the payer of the income. Amended state tax forms Income (other than compensation) that is effectively connected with your U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms trade or business. Amended state tax forms Income from real property that you choose to treat as effectively connected with a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms trade or business. Amended state tax forms See Income From Real Property in chapter 4 for details about this choice. Amended state tax forms   Special rules for withholding on partnership income, scholarships, and fellowships are explained next. Amended state tax forms Tax Withheld on Partnership Income If you are a foreign partner in a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms or foreign partnership, the partnership will withhold tax on your share of effectively connected taxable income (ECTI) from the partnership. Amended state tax forms You may be able to reduce your ECTI subject to withholding by certain partner-level deductions. Amended state tax forms Generally, you must use Form 8804-C for this purpose. Amended state tax forms See the Instructions for Form 8804-C for more information. Amended state tax forms The withholding rate on your share of effectively connected income is generally the highest rate of tax specified under section 1 of the Code (39. Amended state tax forms 6% for 2014). Amended state tax forms However, the partnership may withhold at the highest rate that applies to a particular type of income allocable to you if you gave the partnership the appropriate documentation. Amended state tax forms Long-term capital gain is an example of a particular type of income to which the highest tax rate applies. Amended state tax forms Claim the tax withheld as a credit on your 2014 Form 1040NR. Amended state tax forms The partnership will give you a statement on Form 8805, Foreign Partner's Information Statement of Section 1446 Withholding Tax, showing the tax withheld. Amended state tax forms A partnership that is publicly traded will withhold tax on your actual distributions of effectively connected income. Amended state tax forms In this case the partnership will give you a statement on Form 1042-S, Foreign Person's U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Source Income Subject to Withholding. Amended state tax forms Withholding on Scholarships and Fellowship Grants There is no withholding on a qualified scholarship received by a candidate for a degree. Amended state tax forms See chapter 3. Amended state tax forms If you are a nonresident alien student or grantee with an “F,” “J,” “M,” or “Q” visa and you receive a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms source grant or scholarship that is not fully exempt, the withholding agent (usually the payer of the scholarship) withholds tax at 14% (or lower treaty rate) of the taxable part of the grant or scholarship that is not a payment for services. Amended state tax forms However, if you are not a candidate for a degree and the grant does not meet certain requirements, tax will be withheld at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate. Amended state tax forms Any part of a scholarship or fellowship grant that is a payment for services is subject to graduated withholding as discussed earlier under Withholding on Wages. Amended state tax forms Alternate Withholding Procedure Your withholding agent may choose to use an alternate procedure by asking you to fill out Form W-4 and the Personal Allowances Worksheet (attached to Form W-4). Amended state tax forms Use the following instructions instead of the Form W-4 instructions to complete the worksheet. Amended state tax forms Line A. Amended state tax forms   Enter the total of the following amounts on line A. Amended state tax forms Personal exemption. Amended state tax forms   Include the prorated part of your allowable personal exemption. Amended state tax forms Figure the amount by multiplying the number of days you expect to be in the United States in 2014 by the daily exemption amount ($10. Amended state tax forms 82). Amended state tax forms Expenses. Amended state tax forms   Include expenses that will be deductible on your return. Amended state tax forms These include away-from-home expenses (meals, lodging, and transportation), certain state and local income taxes, charitable contributions, and casualty losses, discussed earlier under Itemized Deductions in chapter 5. Amended state tax forms They also include business expenses, moving expenses, and the IRA deduction discussed under Deductions in chapter 5. Amended state tax forms Nontaxable grant or scholarship. Amended state tax forms   Include the part of your grant or scholarship that is not taxable under U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms law or under a tax treaty. Amended state tax forms Line B. Amended state tax forms   Enter -0- unless the following paragraph applies to you. Amended state tax forms   If you are a student who qualifies under Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, and you are not claiming deductions for away-from-home expenses or other itemized deductions (discussed earlier), enter the standard deduction on line B. Amended state tax forms The standard deduction amount for 2013 is $6,100. Amended state tax forms Lines C and D. Amended state tax forms   Enter -0- on both lines unless the following paragraphs apply to you. Amended state tax forms   If you are a resident of Canada, Mexico, South Korea, or a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms national, an additional daily exemption amount may be allowed for your spouse and each of your dependents. Amended state tax forms   If you are a resident of India who is eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, you can claim an additional daily exemption amount for your spouse only if your spouse will have no gross income for 2014 and cannot be claimed as a dependent on another U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms taxpayer's 2014 return. Amended state tax forms You can also claim an additional amount for each of your dependents not admitted to the United States on “F-2,” “J-2,” or “M-2” visas if they meet the same rules that apply to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms   Enter any additional amount for your spouse on line C. Amended state tax forms Enter any additional amount for your dependents on line D. Amended state tax forms Lines E, F, and G. Amended state tax forms   No entries should be made on lines E, F, and G. Amended state tax forms Line H. Amended state tax forms   Add the amounts on lines A through D and enter the total on line H. Amended state tax forms Form W-4. Amended state tax forms   Complete lines 1 through 4 of Form W-4. Amended state tax forms Sign and date the form and give it with the Personal Allowances Worksheet to your withholding agent. Amended state tax forms   If you file a Form W-4 to reduce or eliminate the withholding on your scholarship or grant, you must file an annual U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax return to be allowed the exemptions and deductions you claimed on that form. Amended state tax forms If you are in the United States during more than one tax year, you must attach a statement to your yearly Form W-4 indicating that you have filed a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax return for the previous year. Amended state tax forms If you have not been in the United States long enough to be required to file a return, you must attach a statement to your Form W-4 saying you will file a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax return when required. Amended state tax forms After the withholding agent has accepted your Form W-4, tax will be withheld on your scholarship or grant at the graduated rates that apply to wages. Amended state tax forms The gross amount of the income is reduced by the amount on line H of the worksheet and the withholding tax is figured on the remainder. Amended state tax forms You will receive a Form 1042-S from the withholding agent (usually the payer of your grant) showing the gross amount of your taxable scholarship or fellowship grant less the withholding allowance amount, the tax rate, and the amount of tax withheld. Amended state tax forms Use this form to prepare your annual U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax return. Amended state tax forms Income Entitled to Tax Treaty Benefits If a tax treaty between the United States and your country provides an exemption from, or a reduced rate of, tax for certain items of income, you should notify the payor of the income (the withholding agent) of your foreign status to claim a tax treaty withholding exemption. Amended state tax forms Generally, you do this by filing either Form W-8BEN or Form 8233 with the withholding agent. Amended state tax forms File Form W-8BEN for income that is not personal services income. Amended state tax forms File Form 8233 for personal services income as discussed next. Amended state tax forms Employees and independent contractors. Amended state tax forms   If you perform personal services as an employee or as an independent contractor and you can claim an exemption from withholding on that personal service income because of a tax treaty, give Form 8233 to each withholding agent from whom amounts will be received. Amended state tax forms   Even if you submit Form 8233, the withholding agent may have to withhold tax from your income. Amended state tax forms This is because the factors on which the treaty exemption is based may not be determinable until after the close of the tax year. Amended state tax forms In this case, you must file Form 1040NR (or Form 1040NR-EZ if you qualify) to recover any overwithheld tax and to provide the IRS with proof that you are entitled to the treaty exemption. Amended state tax forms Students, teachers, and researchers. Amended state tax forms   Students, teachers, and researchers must attach the appropriate statement shown in Appendix A (for students) or Appendix B (for teachers and researchers) at the end of this publication to the Form 8233 and give it to the withholding agent. Amended state tax forms For treaties not listed in the appendices, attach a statement in a format similar to those for other treaties. Amended state tax forms   If you received a scholarship or fellowship and personal services income from the same withholding agent, use Form 8233 to claim an exemption from withholding based on a tax treaty for both types of income. Amended state tax forms Special events and promotions. Amended state tax forms   Withholding at the full 30% rate is required for payments made to a nonresident alien or foreign corporation for gate receipts (or television or other receipts) from rock music festivals, boxing promotions, and other entertainment or sporting events, unless the withholding agent has been specifically advised otherwise by letter from the IRS. Amended state tax forms Form 13930 is used to request a reduction in withholding. Amended state tax forms Withholding may be required even if the income may be exempt from taxation by provisions of a tax treaty. Amended state tax forms One reason for this is that the partial or complete exemption is usually based on factors that cannot be determined until after the close of the tax year. Amended state tax forms You will be required to pay U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms tax, at the time of your departure from the United States, on any income for which you incorrectly claimed a treaty exemption. Amended state tax forms For more details on treaty provisions that apply to compensation, see Publication 901. Amended state tax forms Tax Withheld on Real Property Sales If you are a nonresident alien and you dispose of a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms real property interest, the transferee (buyer) of the property generally must withhold a tax equal to 10% of the amount realized on the disposition. Amended state tax forms A distribution by a qualified investment entity to a nonresident alien shareholder that is treated as gain from the sale or exchange of a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms real property interest by the shareholder is subject to withholding at 35%. Amended state tax forms Withholding is also required on certain distributions and other transactions by domestic or foreign corporations, partnerships, trusts, and estates. Amended state tax forms These rules are covered in Publication 515. Amended state tax forms For information on the tax treatment of dispositions of U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms real property interests, see Real Property Gain or Loss in chapter 4. Amended state tax forms If you are a partner in a domestic partnership, and the partnership disposes of a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms real property interest at a gain, the partnership will withhold tax on the amount of gain allocable to its foreign partners. Amended state tax forms Your share of the income and tax withheld will be reported to you on Form 8805, Foreign Partner's Information Statement of Section 1446 Withholding Tax, or Form 1042-S, Foreign Person's U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Source Income Subject to Withholding (in the case of a publicly traded partnership). Amended state tax forms Withholding is not required in the following situations. Amended state tax forms The property is acquired by the buyer for use as a residence and the amount realized (sales price) is not more than $300,000. Amended state tax forms The property disposed of is an interest in a domestic corporation if any class of stock of the corporation is regularly traded on an established securities market. Amended state tax forms However, this exception does not apply to certain dispositions of substantial amounts of non-publicly traded interests in publicly traded corporations. Amended state tax forms The property disposed of is an interest in a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms corporation that is not regularly traded on an established market and you (the seller) give the buyer a copy of a statement issued by the corporation certifying that the interest is not a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms real property interest. Amended state tax forms You (the seller) give the buyer a certification stating, under penalties of perjury, that you are not a foreign person, and containing your name, U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms taxpayer identification number, and home address. Amended state tax forms You can give the certification to a qualified substitute. Amended state tax forms The qualified substitute gives the buyer a statement, under penalties of perjury, that the certification is in the possession of the qualified substitute. Amended state tax forms For this purpose, a qualified substitute is (a) the person (including any attorney or title company) responsible for closing the transaction, other than your agent, and (b) the buyer's agent. Amended state tax forms The buyer receives a withholding certificate from the Internal Revenue Service. Amended state tax forms You give the buyer written notice that you are not required to recognize any gain or loss on the transfer because of a nonrecognition provision in the Internal Revenue Code or a provision in a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms tax treaty. Amended state tax forms The buyer must file a copy of the notice with the Ogden Service Center, P. Amended state tax forms O. Amended state tax forms Box 409101, Ogden, UT 84409. Amended state tax forms You must verify the notice as true and sign it under penalties of perjury. Amended state tax forms The notice must contain the following information. Amended state tax forms A statement that the notice is a notice of nonrecognition under regulation section 1. Amended state tax forms 1445-2(d)(2). Amended state tax forms Your name, taxpayer identification number, and home address. Amended state tax forms A statement that you are not required to recognize any gain or loss on the transfer. Amended state tax forms A brief description of the transfer. Amended state tax forms A brief summary of the law and facts supporting your claim that recognition of gain or loss is not required. Amended state tax forms You may not give the buyer a written notice for any of the following transfers: the sale of your main home on which you exclude gain, a like-kind exchange that does not qualify for nonrecognition treatment in its entirety, or a deferred like-kind exchange that has not been completed at the time the buyer must file Form 8288. Amended state tax forms Instead, a withholding certificate (described next) must be obtained. Amended state tax forms The amount you realize on the transfer of a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms real property interest is zero. Amended state tax forms The property is acquired by the United States, a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms state or possession, a political subdivision, or the District of Columbia. Amended state tax forms The distribution is from a domestically controlled qualified investment entity (QIE) and is treated as a distribution of a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms real property interest only because an interest in the entity was disposed of in an applicable wash sale transaction. Amended state tax forms For the definition of a QIE, see Qualified investment entities under Real Property Gain or Loss, earlier. Amended state tax forms See Wash sale under Real Property Gain or Loss in chapter 4. Amended state tax forms The certifications in (3) and (4) must be disregarded by the buyer if the buyer or qualified substitute has actual knowledge, or receives notice from a seller's or buyer's agent (or substitute), that they are false. Amended state tax forms This also applies to the qualified substitute's statement under (4). Amended state tax forms Withholding certificates. Amended state tax forms   The tax required to be withheld on a disposition can be reduced or eliminated under a withholding certificate issued by the IRS. Amended state tax forms Either you or the buyer can request a withholding certificate. Amended state tax forms   A withholding certificate can be issued due to any of the following. Amended state tax forms The IRS determines that reduced withholding is appropriate because either: The amount required to be withheld would be more than your maximum tax liability, or Withholding of the reduced amount would not jeopardize collection of the tax. Amended state tax forms All of your realized gain is exempt from U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms tax. Amended state tax forms You or the buyer enters into an agreement for the payment of tax providing security for the tax liability. Amended state tax forms   Get Publication 515 and Form 8288-B for information on procedures to request a withholding certificate. Amended state tax forms Credit for tax withheld. Amended state tax forms   The buyer must report and pay over the withheld tax within 20 days after the transfer using Form 8288, U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Withholding Tax Return for Dispositions by Foreign Persons of U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Real Property Interests. Amended state tax forms This form is filed with the IRS with copies A and B of Form 8288-A, Statement of Withholding on Dispositions by Foreign Persons of U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Real Property Interests. Amended state tax forms Copy B of this statement will be stamped received by the IRS and returned to you (the seller) if the statement is complete and includes your taxpayer identification number (TIN). Amended state tax forms You must file Copy B with your tax return to take credit for the tax withheld. Amended state tax forms   A stamped copy of Form 8288-A will not be provided to you if your TIN is not included on that form. Amended state tax forms The IRS will send you a letter requesting the TIN and providing instructions for how to get a TIN. Amended state tax forms When you provide the IRS with a TIN, the IRS will provide you with a stamped Copy B of Form 8288-A. Amended state tax forms Social Security and Medicare Taxes If you work as an employee in the United States, you must pay social security and Medicare taxes in most cases. Amended state tax forms Your payments of these taxes contribute to your coverage under the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security system. Amended state tax forms Social security coverage provides retirement benefits, survivors and disability benefits, and medical insurance (Medicare) benefits to individuals who meet certain eligibility requirements. Amended state tax forms In most cases, the first $113,700 of taxable wages received in 2013 for services performed in the United States is subject to social security tax. Amended state tax forms All taxable wages are subject to Medicare tax. Amended state tax forms Your employer deducts these taxes from each wage payment. Amended state tax forms Your employer must deduct these taxes even if you do not expect to qualify for social security or Medicare benefits. Amended state tax forms You can claim a credit for excess social security tax on your income tax return if you have more than one employer and the amount deducted from your combined wages for 2013 is more than $7,049. Amended state tax forms 40. Amended state tax forms Use the appropriate worksheet in chapter 3 of Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, to figure your credit. Amended state tax forms If any one employer deducted more than $7,049. Amended state tax forms 40, you cannot claim a credit for that amount. Amended state tax forms Ask your employer to refund the excess. Amended state tax forms If your employer does not refund the excess, you can file a claim for refund using Form 843. Amended state tax forms In general, U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security and Medicare taxes apply to payments of wages for services performed as an employee in the United States, regardless of the citizenship or residence of either the employee or the employer. Amended state tax forms In limited situations, these taxes apply to wages for services performed outside the United States. Amended state tax forms Your employer should be able to tell you if social security and Medicare taxes apply to your wages. Amended state tax forms You cannot make voluntary payments if no taxes are due. Amended state tax forms Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms   Beginning in 2013, in addition to the Medicare tax, a 0. Amended state tax forms 9% Additional Medicare Tax applies to Medicare wages, Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RRTA) compensation, and self-employment income that are more than: $250,000 if married filing jointly, $125,000 if married filing separately, or $200,000 for any other filing status. Amended state tax forms   There are no special rules for nonresident aliens for purposes of Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms Wages, RRTA compensation, and self-employment income that are subject to Medicare tax will also be subject to Additional Medicare Tax if in excess of the applicable threshold. Amended state tax forms   Your employer is responsible for withholding the 0. Amended state tax forms 9% Additional Medicare Tax on Medicare wages or RRTA compensation it pays to you in excess of $200,000 in the calendar year. Amended state tax forms If you intend to file a joint return and you anticipate that you and your spouse's individual wages are not going to be more than $200,000 but your combined wages and self-employment income are going to be more than $250,000, you may want to request additional withholding on Form W-4 and/or make estimated tax payments. Amended state tax forms   If you file Form 1040NR, you must pay Additional Medicare Tax if the total of your wages and your self-employment income was more than $125,000 if married (Box 3, 4, or 5 on page 1 of Form 1040NR), or $200,000 if single or qualifying widow(er) (Box 1, 2, or 6 on page 1 of Form 1040NR). Amended state tax forms    See Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax, and the Instructions for Form 8959 to determine whether you are required to pay Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms For more information on Additional Medicare Tax, go to IRS. Amended state tax forms gov and enter “Additional Medicare Tax” in the search box. Amended state tax forms   Self-employed individuals may also be required to pay Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms See Self-Employment Tax , later. Amended state tax forms Students and Exchange Visitors Generally, services performed by you as a nonresident alien temporarily in the United States as a nonimmigrant under subparagraph (F), (J), (M), or (Q) of section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act are not covered under the social security program if the services are performed to carry out the purpose for which you were admitted to the United States. Amended state tax forms This means that there will be no withholding of social security or Medicare taxes from the pay you receive for these services. Amended state tax forms These types of services are very limited, and generally include only on-campus work, practical training, and economic hardship employment. Amended state tax forms Social security and Medicare taxes will be withheld from your pay for these services if you are considered a resident alien as discussed in chapter 1, even though your nonimmigrant classification (“F,” “J,” “M,” or “Q”) remains the same. Amended state tax forms Services performed by a spouse or minor child of nonimmigrant aliens with the classification of “F-2,” “J-2,” “M-2,” and “Q-3” are covered under social security. Amended state tax forms Nonresident Alien Students If you are a nonresident alien temporarily admitted to the United States as a student, you generally are not permitted to work for a wage or salary or to engage in business while you are in the United States. Amended state tax forms In some cases, a student admitted to the United States in “F-1,” “M-1,” or “J-1” status is granted permission to work. Amended state tax forms Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld from pay for the work unless the student is considered a resident alien. Amended state tax forms Any student who is enrolled and regularly attending classes at a school may be exempt from social security and Medicare taxes on pay for services performed for that school. Amended state tax forms The U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) permits on-campus work for students in “F-1” status if it does not displace a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms resident. Amended state tax forms On-campus work means work performed on the school's premises. Amended state tax forms On-campus work includes work performed at an off-campus location that is educationally affiliated with the school. Amended state tax forms On-campus work under the terms of a scholarship, fellowship, or assistantship is considered part of the academic program of a student taking a full course of study and is permitted by the USCIS. Amended state tax forms Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld from pay for this work unless the student is considered a resident alien. Amended state tax forms If services performed by a nonresident alien student are not considered as performed to carry out the purpose for which the student was admitted to the United States, social security and Medicare taxes will be withheld from pay for the services unless the pay is exempt under the Internal Revenue Code. Amended state tax forms Exchange Visitors Exchange visitors are temporarily admitted to the United States under section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. Amended state tax forms Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld on pay for services of an exchange visitor who has been given permission to work and who possesses or obtains a letter of authorization from the sponsor unless the exchange visitor is considered a resident alien. Amended state tax forms If services performed by an exchange visitor are not considered as performed to carry out the purpose for which the visitor was admitted to the United States, social security and Medicare taxes are withheld from pay for the services unless the pay is exempt under the Internal Revenue Code. Amended state tax forms Nonresident aliens temporarily admitted to the United States as participants in international cultural exchange programs under section 101(a)(15)(Q) of the Immigration and Nationality Act may be exempt from social security and Medicare taxes. Amended state tax forms The employer must be the petitioner through whom the alien obtained the “Q” visa. Amended state tax forms Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld from pay for this work unless the alien is considered a resident alien. Amended state tax forms Refund of Taxes Withheld in Error If social security or Medicare taxes were withheld in error from pay that is not subject to these taxes, contact the employer who withheld the taxes for a refund. Amended state tax forms If you are unable to get a full refund of the amount from your employer, file a claim for refund with the Internal Revenue Service on Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement. Amended state tax forms Attach the following items to Form 843. Amended state tax forms A copy of your Form W-2 to prove the amount of social security and Medicare taxes withheld. Amended state tax forms A copy of your visa. Amended state tax forms Form I-94 (or other documentation showing your dates of arrival or departure). Amended state tax forms If you have an F-1 visa, documentation showing permission to work in the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms If you have a J-1 visa, documentation showing permission to work in the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms If you are engaged in optional practical training or employment due to severe economic necessity, documentation showing permission to work in the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms A statement from your employer indicating the amount of the reimbursement your employer provided and the amount of the credit or refund your employer claimed or you authorized your employer to claim. Amended state tax forms If you cannot obtain this statement from your employer, you must provide this information on your own statement and explain why you are not attaching a statement from your employer or on Form 8316 claiming your employer will not issue the refund. Amended state tax forms If you were exempt from social security and Medicare tax for only part of the year, pay statements showing the tax paid during the period you were exempt. Amended state tax forms File Form 843 (with attachments) with the Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service Center, Ogden, UT 84201-0038. Amended state tax forms Do not use Form 843 to request a refund of Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms If Additional Medicare Tax was withheld from your pay in error, you can claim a credit for any withheld Additional Medicare Tax against the total tax liability shown on your tax return by filing Form 8959 with Form 1040 or 1040NR. Amended state tax forms If Additional Medicare Tax was withheld in error in a prior year for which you already filed Form 1040 or 1040NR, you must file Form 1040X, Amended U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Individual Income Tax Return, for the prior year in which the wages or compensation were originally received to recover the Additional Medicare Tax withheld in error. Amended state tax forms See the Instructions for Form 1040X. Amended state tax forms Agricultural Workers Agricultural workers temporarily admitted into the United States on H-2A visas are exempt from social security and Medicare taxes on compensation paid to them for services performed in connection with the H-2A visa. Amended state tax forms You can find more information about not having tax withheld at www. Amended state tax forms irs. Amended state tax forms gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Foreign-Agricultural-Workers. Amended state tax forms Self-Employment Tax Self-employment tax is the social security and Medicare taxes for individuals who are self-employed. Amended state tax forms Nonresident aliens are not subject to self-employment tax unless an international social security agreement in effect determines that they are covered under the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security system. Amended state tax forms Residents of the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or American Samoa are considered U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms residents for this purpose and are subject to the self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms Resident aliens must pay self-employment tax under the same rules that apply to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens. Amended state tax forms However, a resident alien employed by an international organization, a foreign government, or a wholly-owned instrumentality of a foreign government is not subject to the self-employment tax on income earned in the United States. Amended state tax forms Self-employment income you receive while you are a resident alien is subject to self-employment tax even if it was paid for services you performed as a nonresident alien. Amended state tax forms Example. Amended state tax forms Bill Jones is an author engaged in the business of writing books. Amended state tax forms Bill had several books published in a foreign country while he was a citizen and resident of that country. Amended state tax forms During 2013, Bill entered the United States as a resident alien. Amended state tax forms After becoming a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms resident, he continued to receive royalties from his foreign publisher. Amended state tax forms Bill reports his income and expenses on the cash basis (he reports income on his tax return when received and deducts expenses when paid). Amended state tax forms Bill's 2013 self-employment income includes the royalties received after he became a U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms resident even though the books were published while he was a nonresident alien. Amended state tax forms This royalty income is subject to self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms Reporting self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms   Use Schedule SE (Form 1040) to report and figure your self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms Then enter the tax on Form 1040, line 56, or Form 1040NR, line 54. Amended state tax forms Attach Schedule SE to Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. Amended state tax forms Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms   Self-employed individuals must pay a 0. Amended state tax forms 9% Additional Medicare Tax on self-employment income that exceeds one of the following threshold amounts (based on your filing status): Married filing jointly — $250,000; Married filing separately — $125,000; Single, Head of household, or Qualifying widow(er) — $200,000. Amended state tax forms   If you have both wages and self-employment income, the threshold amount for applying the Additional Medicare Tax on the self-employment income is reduced (but not below zero) by the amount of wages subject to Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms A self-employment loss should not be considered for purposes of this tax   If you file Form 1040NR, you must pay Additional Medicare Tax if the total of your wages and your self-employment income was more than $125,000 if married (Box 3, 4, or 5 on page 1 of Form 1040NR), or $200,000 if single or qualifying widow(er) (Box 1, 2, or 6 on page 1 of Form 1040NR). Amended state tax forms   See Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax, and the Instructions for Form 8959 to determine whether you are required to pay Additional Medicare Tax. Amended state tax forms For more information on Additional Medicare Tax, go to IRS. Amended state tax forms gov and enter “Additional Medicare Tax” in the search box. Amended state tax forms Deduction for employer-equivalent portion of self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms   If you must pay self-employment tax, you can deduct a portion of the self-employment tax paid in figuring your adjusted gross income. Amended state tax forms This deduction is figured on Schedule SE (Form 1040). Amended state tax forms Note. Amended state tax forms No portion of the Additional Medicare Tax is deductible for self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms More information. Amended state tax forms   Get Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business, for more information about self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms International Social Security Agreements The United States has entered into social security agreements with foreign countries to coordinate social security coverage and taxation of workers employed for part or all of their working careers in one of the countries. Amended state tax forms These agreements are commonly referred to as totalization agreements. Amended state tax forms Under these agreements, dual coverage and dual contributions (taxes) for the same work are eliminated. Amended state tax forms The agreements generally make sure that social security taxes (including self-employment tax) are paid only to one country. Amended state tax forms Agreements are in effect with the following countries. Amended state tax forms Australia. Amended state tax forms Austria. Amended state tax forms Belgium. Amended state tax forms Canada. Amended state tax forms Chile. Amended state tax forms Czech Republic. Amended state tax forms Denmark. Amended state tax forms Finland. Amended state tax forms France. Amended state tax forms Germany. Amended state tax forms Greece. Amended state tax forms Ireland. Amended state tax forms Italy. Amended state tax forms Japan. Amended state tax forms Korea, South. Amended state tax forms Luxembourg. Amended state tax forms The Netherlands. Amended state tax forms Norway. Amended state tax forms Poland. Amended state tax forms Portugal. Amended state tax forms Spain. Amended state tax forms Sweden. Amended state tax forms Switzerland. Amended state tax forms The United Kingdom. Amended state tax forms Agreements with other countries are expected to enter into force in the future. Amended state tax forms Employees. Amended state tax forms   Generally, under these agreements, you are subject to social security taxes only in the country where you are working. Amended state tax forms However, if you are temporarily sent to work for the same employer in the United States and your pay would normally be subject to social security taxes in both countries, most agreements provide that you remain covered only by the social security system of the country from which you were sent. Amended state tax forms You can get more information on any agreement by contacting the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Social Security Administration at the address given later. Amended state tax forms If you have access to the Internet, you can get more information at www. Amended state tax forms socialsecurity. Amended state tax forms gov/international. Amended state tax forms   To establish that your pay is subject only to foreign social security taxes and is exempt from U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security taxes (including the Medicare tax) under an agreement, you or your employer should request a certificate of coverage from the appropriate agency of the foreign country. Amended state tax forms This will usually be the same agency to which you or your employer pays your foreign social security taxes. Amended state tax forms The foreign agency will be able to tell you what information is needed for them to issue the certificate. Amended state tax forms Your employer should keep a copy of the certificate because it may be needed to show why you are exempt from U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security taxes. Amended state tax forms Only wages paid on or after the effective date of the agreement can be exempt from U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security taxes. Amended state tax forms    Some of the countries with which the United States has agreements will not issue certificates of coverage. Amended state tax forms In this case, either you or your employer should request a statement that your wages are not covered by the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security system. Amended state tax forms Request the statement from the following address. Amended state tax forms U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Social Security Administration Office of International Programs P. Amended state tax forms O. Amended state tax forms Box 17741 Baltimore, MD 21235-7741 Self-employed individuals. Amended state tax forms   Under most agreements, self-employed individuals are covered by the social security system of the country where they reside. Amended state tax forms However, under some agreements, you may be exempt from U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms self-employment tax if you temporarily transfer your business activity to or from the United States. Amended state tax forms   If you believe that your self-employment income is subject only to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms self-employment tax and is exempt from foreign social security taxes, request a certificate of coverage from the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Social Security Administration at the address given earlier. Amended state tax forms This certificate will establish your exemption from foreign social security taxes. Amended state tax forms   To establish that your self-employment income is subject only to foreign social security taxes and is exempt from U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms self-employment tax, request a certificate of coverage from the appropriate agency of the foreign country. Amended state tax forms If the foreign country will not issue the certificate, you should request a statement that your income is not covered by the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms social security system. Amended state tax forms Request it from the U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms Social Security Administration at the address given earlier. Amended state tax forms Attach a photocopy of either statement to Form 1040 each year you are exempt. Amended state tax forms Also print “Exempt, see attached statement” on the line for self-employment tax. Amended state tax forms Estimated Tax Form 1040-ES (NR) You may have income from which no U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms income tax is withheld. Amended state tax forms Or the amount of tax withheld may be less than the income tax you estimate you will owe at the end of the year. Amended state tax forms If so, you may have to pay estimated tax. Amended state tax forms Generally, you must make estimated tax payments for 2014 if you expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax and you expect your withholding and certain refundable credits to be less than the smaller of: 90% of the tax to be shown on your 2014 income tax return, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2013 income tax return (if your 2013 return covered all 12 months of the year). Amended state tax forms If your adjusted gross income for 2013 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2014 is married filing separately), substitute 110% for 100% in (2) above if you are not a farmer or fisherman. Amended state tax forms Item (2) does not apply if you did not file a 2013 return. Amended state tax forms A nonresident alien should use Form 1040-ES (NR) to figure and pay estimated tax. Amended state tax forms If you pay by check, make it payable to the "United States Treasury. Amended state tax forms " How to estimate your tax for 2014. Amended state tax forms   If you filed a 2013 return on Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ and expect your income, number of exemptions, and total deductions for 2014 to be nearly the same, you should use your 2013 return as a guide to complete the Estimated Tax Worksheet in the Form 1040-ES (NR) instructions. Amended state tax forms If you did not file a return for 2013, or if your income, exemptions, deductions, or credits will be different for 2014, you must estimate these amounts. Amended state tax forms Figure your estimated tax liability using the Tax Rate Schedule in the 2014 Form 1040-ES (NR) instructions for your filing status. Amended state tax forms Note. Amended state tax forms If you expect to be a resident of Puerto Rico during the entire year, use Form 1040-ES or Formulario 1040-ES (PR). Amended state tax forms When to pay estimated tax. Amended state tax forms   Make your first estimated tax payment by the due date for filing the previous year's Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ. Amended state tax forms If you have wages subject to the same withholding rules that apply to U. Amended state tax forms S. Amended state tax forms citizens, you must file Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ and make your first estimated tax payment by April 15, 2014. Amended state tax forms If you do not have wages subject to withholding, file your income tax return and make your first estimated tax payment by June 16, 2014. Amended state tax forms   If your first estimated tax payment is due April 15, 2014, you can pay your estimated tax in full at that time or in four equal installments by the dates shown next. Amended state tax forms 1st installment April 15, 2014 2nd installment June 16, 2014 3rd installment Sept. Amended state tax forms 15, 2014 4th installment Jan. Amended state tax forms 15, 2015 If your first payment is not due until June 16, 2014, you can pay your estimated tax in full at that time or: ½ of your estimated tax by June 16, 2014, 1/4 of the tax by September 15, 2014, and 1/4 by January 15, 2015. Amended state tax forms    You do not have to make the payment due January 15, 2015, if you file your 2014 Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ by February 2, 2015, and pay the entire balance due with your return. Amended state tax forms Fiscal year. Amended state tax forms   If your return is not on a calendar year basis, your due dates are the 15th day of the 4th, 6th, and 9th months of your fiscal year, and the 1st month of the following fiscal year. Amended state tax forms If any date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, use the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. Amended state tax forms Changes in income, deductions, or exemptions. Amended state tax forms   Even if you are not required to make an estimated tax payment in April or June, your circumstances may change so that you will have to make estimated tax payments later. Amended state tax forms This can happen if you receive additional income or if any of your deductions are reduced or eliminated. Amended state tax forms If so, see the instructions for Form 1040-ES (NR) and Publication 505 for information on figuring your estimated tax. Amended state tax forms Amended estimated tax. Amended state tax forms   If, after you have made estimated tax payments, you find your estimated tax is substantially increased or decreased because of a change in your income or exemptions, you should adjust your remaining estimated tax payments. Amended state tax forms To do this, see the instructions for Form 1040-ES (NR) and Publication 505. Amended state tax forms Penalty for failure to pay estimated income tax. Amended state tax forms   You will be subject to a penalty for underpayment of installments of estimated tax except in certain situations. Amended state tax forms These situations are explained on Form 2210, Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates, and Trusts. Amended state tax forms Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Form 8903, Domestic Production Activities Deduction

Use this form to figure your domestic production activities deduction (DPAD).


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The Amended State Tax Forms

Amended state tax forms IRAs and Other Retirement Plans Table of Contents 2002 ChangesSimplified Employee Pensions (SEPs) 403(b) Plans Later ChangeDeemed IRAs 2002 Changes Simplified Employee Pensions (SEPs) Contribution limit increased. Amended state tax forms   For plan years beginning after December 31, 2001, the annual limit on the amount of employer contributions to a SEP increases to the lesser of the following amounts. Amended state tax forms 25% of an eligible employee's compensation. Amended state tax forms $40,000 (subject to cost-of-living adjustments after 2002). Amended state tax forms Deduction limit. Amended state tax forms   For years beginning after 2001, the following changes apply to the SEP deduction limit. Amended state tax forms Elective deferrals (SARSEPs). Amended state tax forms   Elective deferrals under a SARSEP are not subject to the deduction limit that applies to employer contributions. Amended state tax forms Also, elective deferrals are not taken into account when figuring the amount you can deduct for employer contributions that are not elective deferrals. Amended state tax forms Definition of compensation. Amended state tax forms    Compensation for figuring the deduction for employer contributions includes elective deferrals under a SARSEP. Amended state tax forms More information. Amended state tax forms   For more information about SEPs, see Publication 560, Retirement Plans for Small Business. Amended state tax forms 403(b) Plans Figuring catch-up contributions. Amended state tax forms   When figuring allowable catch-up contributions, combine all contributions made by your employer on your behalf to the following plans. Amended state tax forms Qualified retirement plans. Amended state tax forms 403(b) plans. Amended state tax forms Simplified employee pensions (SEP). Amended state tax forms SIMPLE plans. Amended state tax forms   The total amount of the catch-up contributions to all plans maintained by your employer cannot exceed the annual limit. Amended state tax forms For 2002, the limit is $1,000. Amended state tax forms Rollovers to and from 403(b) plans. Amended state tax forms   If a distribution includes both pre-tax contributions and after-tax contributions, the portion of the distribution that is rolled over is treated as consisting first of pre-tax amounts (contributions and earnings that would be includible in income if no rollover occurred). Amended state tax forms This means that if you roll over an amount that is at least as much as the pre-tax portion of the distribution, you do not have to include any of the distribution in income. Amended state tax forms Years of service for church employees and ministers. Amended state tax forms   If you are a minister or church employee, treat all of your years of service as an employee of a church or a convention or association of churches as years of service with one employer. Amended state tax forms Prior law required church employees and ministers to figure years of service separately for each employer. Amended state tax forms   As a minister or church employee, all contributions made to 403(b) plans on your behalf, as an employee of a church or a convention or association of churches, are considered made by one employer. Amended state tax forms Foreign missionaries. Amended state tax forms   If you are a foreign missionary, contributions to your 403(b) account will not be treated as exceeding the limit on annual additions if the contributions are not more than the greater of: $3,000, or Your includible compensation. Amended state tax forms More information. Amended state tax forms   For more information about 403(b) plans, see Publication 571, Tax-Sheltered Annuity Plans (403(b) Plans). Amended state tax forms Later Change Deemed IRAs For plan years beginning after 2002, a qualified employer plan can provide for voluntary employee contributions to a separate account or annuity that is deemed to be an IRA. Amended state tax forms For this purpose, a qualified employer plan includes a deferred compensation plan (section 457(b) plan) maintained by a state, a political subdivision of a state, or an agency or instrumentality of a state or political subdivision of a state. Amended state tax forms The term qualified employer plan also includes: A qualified pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan (section 401(a) plan), A qualified employee annuity plan (section 403(a) plan), and A tax-sheltered annuity plan (section 403(b) plan). Amended state tax forms More information about IRAs can be found in Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs). Amended state tax forms Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications