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2011 Efile

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2011 Efile

2011 efile There are three ways you can request an automatic extension of time to file a U.S. individual income tax return: (1) you can electronically file Form 4868 (PDF), Application For Automatic Extension of Time To File U.S. Individual Tax Return; (2) you can pay all or part of your estimated income tax due using a credit or debit card or by using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS); or (3) you can file a paper Form 4868 by mail. 2011 efile 2011 efile If you file your Form 4868 electronically you will receive an acknowledgement or confirmation number for your records and you do not need to mail in Form 4868. If you need to pay additional taxes when filing Form 4868 electronically, you may do so through the outside service provider or through e-file. You can refer to your tax software or tax professional for ways to file electronically using e-file services. Several companies offer free filing of Form 4868 through the Free File program that you can access on the IRS.gov website. If you wish to file electronically, be sure to have a copy of last year's tax return. You will be asked to provide the adjusted gross income (AGI) from the return for taxpayer verification. 2011 efile 2011 efile A second way of requesting an automatic extension of time to file your individual income tax return is to pay part or your entire estimated income tax due by credit card or debit card or by using EFTPS. You may pay by phone or Internet through one of the service providers listed on Form 4868. Each service provider will charge a convenience fee based on the amount of the tax payment. At the completion of the transaction, you will receive a confirmation number for your records. 2011 efile 2011 efile Finally, you can request an automatic extension of time to file your individual income tax return by completing paper Form 4868 and mailing it to the appropriate address provided on the form. 2011 efile 2011 efile Please be aware that an extension of time to file is NOT an extension of time to pay.
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The 2011 Efile

2011 efile 8. 2011 efile   Paying Tax Through Withholding or Estimated Tax Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Notification of Alien Status Withholding From CompensationWithholding on Wages Withholding on Pensions Withholding on Tip Income Independent Contractors Withholding From Other IncomeTax Withheld on Partnership Income Withholding on Scholarships and Fellowship Grants Income Entitled to Tax Treaty BenefitsStudents, teachers, and researchers. 2011 efile Tax Withheld on Real Property Sales Social Security and Medicare TaxesStudents and Exchange Visitors Agricultural Workers Self-Employment Tax International Social Security Agreements Estimated Tax Form 1040-ES (NR)Fiscal year. 2011 efile Introduction This chapter discusses how to pay your U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax as you earn or receive income during the year. 2011 efile In general, the federal income tax is a pay as you go tax. 2011 efile There are two ways to pay as you go. 2011 efile Withholding. 2011 efile If you are an employee, your employer probably withholds income tax from your pay. 2011 efile Tax may also be withheld from certain other income—including pensions, bonuses, commissions, and gambling winnings. 2011 efile In each case, the amount withheld is paid to the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Treasury in your name. 2011 efile Estimated tax. 2011 efile If you do not pay your tax through withholding, or do not pay enough tax that way, you might have to pay estimated tax. 2011 efile People who are in business for themselves generally will have to pay their tax this way. 2011 efile You may have to pay estimated tax if you receive income such as dividends, interest, rent, and royalties. 2011 efile Estimated tax is used to pay not only income tax, but self-employment tax and alternative minimum tax as well. 2011 efile Topics - This chapter discusses: How to notify your employer of your alien status, Income subject to withholding of income tax, Exemptions from withholding, Social security and Medicare taxes, and Estimated tax rules. 2011 efile Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 515 Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Entities 901 U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Tax Treaties Form (and Instructions) W-4 Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate W-8BEN Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Individuals) W-8ECI Certificate of Foreign Person's Claim That Income Is Effectively Connected With the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States W-9 Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification 1040-ES (NR) U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Estimated Tax for Nonresident Alien Individuals 8233 Exemption From Withholding on Compensation for Independent (and Certain Dependent) Personal Services of a Nonresident Alien Individual 8288-B Application for Withholding Certificate for Dispositions by Foreign Persons of U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Real Property Interests 13930 Application for Central Withholding Agreement See chapter 12 for information about getting these publications and forms. 2011 efile Notification of Alien Status You must let your employer know whether you are a resident or a nonresident alien so your employer can withhold the correct amount of tax from your wages. 2011 efile If you are a resident alien under the rules discussed in chapter 1, you must file Form W-9 or a similar statement with your employer. 2011 efile If you are a nonresident alien under those rules, you must furnish to your employer Form 8233 or Form W-8BEN, establishing that you are a foreign person, or Form W-4, establishing that your compensation is subject to graduated withholding at the same rates as resident aliens or U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile If you are a resident alien and you receive income other than wages (such as dividends and royalties) from sources within the United States, file Form W-9 or similar statement with the withholding agent (generally, the payer of the income) so the agent will not withhold tax on the income at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate. 2011 efile If you receive this type of income as a nonresident alien, file Form W-8BEN with the withholding agent so that the agent will withhold tax at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate. 2011 efile However, if the income is effectively connected with a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile trade or business, file Form W-8ECI instead. 2011 efile Withholding From Compensation The following discussion generally applies only to nonresident aliens. 2011 efile Tax is withheld from resident aliens in the same manner as U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile Wages and other compensation paid to a nonresident alien for services performed as an employee are usually subject to graduated withholding at the same rates as resident aliens and U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile Therefore, your compensation, unless it is specifically excluded from the term “wages” by law, or is exempt from tax by treaty, is subject to graduated withholding. 2011 efile Withholding on Wages If you are an employee and you receive wages subject to graduated withholding, you will be required to fill out a Form W-4. 2011 efile Also fill out Form W-4 for a scholarship or fellowship grant to the extent it represents payment for past, present, or future services and for which you are not claiming a tax treaty withholding exemption on Form 8233 (discussed later under Income Entitled to Tax Treaty Benefits). 2011 efile These are services you are required to perform as an employee and as a condition of receiving the scholarship or fellowship (or tuition reduction). 2011 efile Nonresident aliens should fill out Form W-4 using the following instructions instead of the instructions on the Form W-4. 2011 efile This is because of the restrictions on a nonresident alien's filing status, the limited number of personal exemptions a nonresident alien is allowed, and because a nonresident alien cannot claim the standard deduction. 2011 efile Enter your social security number (SSN) on line 2. 2011 efile Do not enter an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). 2011 efile Check only “Single” marital status on line 3 (regardless of your actual marital status). 2011 efile Claim only one allowance on line 5, unless you are a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea, or a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile national. 2011 efile Write “Nonresident Alien” or “NRA” on the dotted line on line 6. 2011 efile You can request additional withholding on line 6 at your option. 2011 efile Do not claim “Exempt” withholding status on line 7. 2011 efile A U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile national is an individual who, although not a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizen, owes his or her allegiance to the United States. 2011 efile U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile nationals include American Samoans, and Northern Mariana Islanders who chose to become U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile nationals instead of U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile See Withholding on Scholarships and Fellowship Grants later, for how to fill out Form W-4 if you receive a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile source scholarship or fellowship grant that is not a payment for services. 2011 efile Students and business apprentices from India. 2011 efile   If you are eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, you may claim an additional withholding allowance for the standard deduction. 2011 efile You can claim an additional withholding allowance for your spouse only if your spouse will have no gross income for 2013 and cannot be claimed as a dependent on another U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile taxpayer's 2013 return. 2011 efile You may also claim an additional withholding allowance for each of your dependents not admitted to the United States on “F-2,” “J-2,” or “M-2” visas if they meet the same rules that apply to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile Household employees. 2011 efile   If you work as a household employee, your employer does not have to withhold income tax. 2011 efile However, you may agree to voluntary income tax withholding by filing a Form W-4 with your employer. 2011 efile The agreement goes into effect when your employer accepts the agreement by beginning the withholding. 2011 efile You or your employer may end the agreement by letting the other know in writing. 2011 efile Agricultural workers. 2011 efile   If you are an agricultural worker on an H-2A visa, your employer does not have to withhold income tax. 2011 efile However, your employer will withhold income tax only if you and your employer agree to withhold. 2011 efile In that case, you must provide your employer with a properly completed Form W-4. 2011 efile You can find more information about not having tax withheld at www. 2011 efile irs. 2011 efile gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Foreign-Agricultural-Workers. 2011 efile Wages Exempt From Withholding Wages that are exempt from U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax under an income tax treaty are generally exempt from withholding. 2011 efile For information on how to claim this exemption from withholding, see Income Entitled to Tax Treaty Benefits , later. 2011 efile Wages paid to aliens who are residents of American Samoa, Canada, Mexico, Puerto Rico, or the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Virgin Islands may be exempt from withholding. 2011 efile The following paragraphs explain these exemptions. 2011 efile Residents of Canada or Mexico engaged in transportation-related employment. 2011 efile   Certain residents of Canada or Mexico who enter or leave the United States at frequent intervals are not subject to withholding on their wages. 2011 efile These persons either: Perform duties in transportation service between the United States and Canada or Mexico, or Perform duties connected to the construction, maintenance, or operation of a waterway, viaduct, dam, or bridge crossed by, or crossing, the boundary between the United States and Canada or the boundary between the United States and Mexico. 2011 efile    This employment is subject to withholding of social security and Medicare taxes unless the services are performed for a railroad. 2011 efile   To qualify for the exemption from withholding during a tax year, a Canadian or Mexican resident must give the employer a statement in duplicate with name, address, and identification number, certifying that the resident: Is not a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizen or resident, Is a resident of Canada or Mexico, whichever applies, and Expects to perform duties previously described during the tax year in question. 2011 efile   The statement can be in any form, but it must be dated and signed by the employee and must include a written declaration that it is made under the penalties of perjury. 2011 efile Residents of American Samoa and Puerto Rico. 2011 efile   If you are a nonresident alien employee who is a resident of American Samoa or Puerto Rico, wages for services performed in American Samoa or Puerto Rico are generally not subject to withholding unless you are an employee of the United States or any of its agencies in American Samoa or Puerto Rico. 2011 efile Residents of the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Virgin Islands. 2011 efile   Nonresident aliens who are bona fide residents of the U. 2011 efile S Virgin Islands are not subject to withholding of U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile tax on income earned while temporarily employed in the United States. 2011 efile This is because those persons pay their income tax to the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Virgin Islands. 2011 efile To avoid having tax withheld on income earned in the United States, bona fide residents of the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Virgin Islands should write a letter, in duplicate, to their employers, stating that they are bona fide residents of the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Virgin Islands and expect to pay tax on all income to the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Virgin Islands. 2011 efile Withholding on Pensions If you receive a pension as a result of personal services performed in the United States, the pension income is subject to the 30% (or lower treaty) rate of withholding. 2011 efile You may, however, have tax withheld at graduated rates on the portion of the pension that arises from the performance of services in the United States after December 31, 1986. 2011 efile You must fill out Form W-8BEN and give it to the withholding agent or payer before the income is paid or credited to you. 2011 efile Withholding on Tip Income Tips you receive during the year for services performed in the United States are subject to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax. 2011 efile Include them in taxable income. 2011 efile In addition, tips received while working for one employer, amounting to $20 or more in a month, are subject to graduated withholding. 2011 efile Independent Contractors If there is no employee-employer relationship between you and the person for whom you perform services, your compensation is subject to the 30% (or lower treaty) rate of withholding. 2011 efile However, if you are engaged in a trade or business in the United States during the tax year, your compensation for personal services as an independent contractor (independent personal services) may be entirely or partly exempt from withholding if you reach an agreement with the Internal Revenue Service on the amount of withholding required. 2011 efile An agreement that you reach with the IRS regarding withholding from your compensation for independent personal services is effective for payments covered by the agreement after it is agreed to by all parties. 2011 efile You must agree to timely file an income tax return for the current tax year. 2011 efile Central withholding agreements. 2011 efile   If you are a nonresident alien entertainer or athlete performing or participating in athletic events in the United States, you may be able to enter into a withholding agreement with the IRS for reduced withholding provided certain requirements are met. 2011 efile Under no circumstances will such a withholding agreement reduce taxes withheld to less than the anticipated amount of income tax liability. 2011 efile   File Form 13930 and the required attachments with the IRS to request a central withholding agreement. 2011 efile Either you or your authorized representative can file the form. 2011 efile It should be sent to the IRS at least 45 days before the tour begins or the event occurs. 2011 efile Exceptions will be considered on a case by case basis. 2011 efile   For more information on the CWA program, go to www. 2011 efile irs. 2011 efile gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Central-Withholding-Agreements. 2011 efile Final payment exemption. 2011 efile   Your final payment of compensation during the tax year for independent personal services may be entirely or partly exempt from withholding. 2011 efile This exemption is available only once during your tax year and applies to a maximum of $5,000 of compensation. 2011 efile To obtain this exemption, you or your agent must give the following statements and information to the Commissioner or his delegate. 2011 efile A statement by each withholding agent from whom you have received gross income effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States during the tax year, showing the amount of income paid and the tax withheld. 2011 efile Each statement must be signed by the withholding agent and verified by a declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury. 2011 efile A statement by the withholding agent from whom you expect to receive the final payment of compensation, showing the amount of the payment and the amount of tax that would be withheld if a final payment exemption were not granted. 2011 efile This statement must also be signed by the withholding agent and verified by a declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury. 2011 efile A statement by you that you do not intend to receive any other income effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States during the current tax year. 2011 efile The amount of tax that has been withheld or paid under any other provision of the Internal Revenue Code or regulations for any income effectively connected with your trade or business in the United States during the current tax year. 2011 efile The amount of your outstanding tax liabilities, if any, including interest and penalties, from the current tax year or prior tax periods. 2011 efile Any provision of an income tax treaty under which a partial or complete exemption from withholding may be claimed, the country of your residence, and a statement of sufficient facts to justify an exemption under the treaty. 2011 efile A statement signed by you, and verified by a declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury, that all the information given is true and that to your knowledge no relevant information has been omitted. 2011 efile   If satisfied with the information, the IRS will determine the amount of your tentative income tax for the tax year on gross income effectively connected with your trade or business in the United States. 2011 efile Ordinary and necessary business expenses can be taken into account if proven to the satisfaction of the Commissioner or his delegate. 2011 efile   The Commissioner or his delegate will send you a letter, directed to the withholding agent, showing the amount of the final payment of compensation that is exempt from withholding and the amount that can be paid to you because of the exemption. 2011 efile You must give two copies of the letter to the withholding agent and must also attach a copy of the letter to your income tax return for the tax year for which the exemption is effective. 2011 efile Allowance for Personal Exemption Withholding on payments for independent personal services is generally based on the amount of your compensation payment minus the value of one exemption ($3,950 for 2014). 2011 efile To determine the income for independent personal services performed in the United States to which the 30% (or lower treaty) rate will apply, you are allowed one personal exemption if you are not a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile national and are not a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea. 2011 efile For purposes of 30% withholding, the exemption is prorated at $10. 2011 efile 82 a day in 2014 for the period that labor or personal services are performed in the United States. 2011 efile To claim an exemption from withholding on the personal exemption amount, fill out the applicable parts of Form 8233 and give it to the withholding agent. 2011 efile Example. 2011 efile Eric Johannsen, who is a resident of Country X worked under a contract with a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile firm (not as an employee) in the United States for 100 days during 2014 before returning to his country. 2011 efile He earned $6,000 for the services performed (not considered wages) in the United States. 2011 efile Eric is married and has three dependent children. 2011 efile His wife is not employed and has no income subject to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile tax. 2011 efile The amount of the personal exemption to be allowed against the income for his personal services performed within the United States in 2014 is $1,082 (100 days × $10. 2011 efile 82), and withholding at 30% is applied against the balance. 2011 efile Thus, $1,475. 2011 efile 40 in tax is withheld from Eric's earnings (30% of $4,918 ($6,000 − $1,082). 2011 efile U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile nationals or residents of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea. 2011 efile   If you are a nonresident alien who is a resident of Canada, Mexico, or South Korea, or who is a national of the United States, you are subject to the same 30% withholding on your compensation for independent personal services performed in the United States. 2011 efile However, if you are a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile national or a resident of Canada or Mexico, you are allowed the same personal exemptions as U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile For the 30% (or lower treaty) rate withholding, you can take $10. 2011 efile 82 per day for each allowable exemption in 2014. 2011 efile If you are a resident of South Korea, you are allowed personal exemptions for yourself and for your spouse and children who live with you in the United States at any time during the tax year. 2011 efile However, the additional exemptions for your spouse and children must be further prorated as explained in chapter 5 under Exemptions . 2011 efile Students and business apprentices from India. 2011 efile   If you are eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, you are allowed an exemption for your spouse only if your spouse will have no gross income for 2014 and cannot be claimed as a dependent on another U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile taxpayer's 2014 return. 2011 efile You are also allowed an exemption for each dependent not admitted to the United States on “F-2,” “J-2,” or “M-2” visas if they meet the same rules that apply to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile For the 30% (or lower treaty rate) withholding on compensation for independent personal services performed in the United States, you are allowed $10. 2011 efile 82 per day for each allowable exemption in 2014. 2011 efile Refund of Taxes Withheld in Error Multi-level marketing. 2011 efile   If you are a distributor for a multi-level marketing company who had taxes withheld in error, file a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax return (Form 1040NR, Form 1040NR-EZ, or Form 1120-F) or, if a tax return has already been filed, a claim for refund (Form 1040X or amended Form 1120-F) to recover the amount withheld in error. 2011 efile You must also attach to the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax return or claim for refund supporting information that includes, but is not limited to, the following items. 2011 efile A copy of your Form W-2, Form 1042-S, or Form 1099 to prove the amount of taxes withheld. 2011 efile A statement explaining why income reported on your Form W-2, Form 1042-S, or Form 1099 is not subject to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile taxation. 2011 efile A statement listing all the dates you entered and left the United States during the taxable year. 2011 efile If the compensation is multi-year compensation, the statement must list all the dates you entered and left the United States during each of the taxable years to which the compensation is attributable. 2011 efile A copy of any documents or records that show the number of days you actually were present in the United States during the years listed. 2011 efile A statement providing: (a) the number of days (or unit of time less than a day, if appropriate) that personal services were performed in the United States in connection with recruiting, training, and supporting your lower-tier distributors; and (b) the total number of days (or unit of time less than a day, if appropriate) that personal services were performed globally in connection with recruiting, training, and supporting your lower-tier distributors. 2011 efile Any further relevant document or record supporting your claim that the taxes were withheld in error. 2011 efile Withholding From Other Income Other income subject to 30% withholding generally includes fixed or determinable income such as interest (other than portfolio interest), dividends, pensions and annuities, and gains from certain sales and exchanges, discussed in chapter 4. 2011 efile It also includes 85% of social security benefits paid to nonresident aliens. 2011 efile Refund of taxes withheld in error on social security benefits paid to resident aliens. 2011 efile   Social security benefits paid to a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) are not subject to 30% withholding. 2011 efile For U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax purposes, green card holders continue to be resident aliens until their lawful permanent resident status under immigration laws is either taken away or is administratively or judicially determined to have been abandoned. 2011 efile See Green Card Test in chapter 1. 2011 efile If you are a green card holder and tax was withheld in error on your social security benefits because you have a foreign address, the withholding tax is refundable by the Social Security Administration (SSA) or the IRS. 2011 efile SSA will refund taxes erroneously withheld if the refund can be processed during the same calendar year in which the tax was withheld. 2011 efile If SSA cannot refund the taxes withheld, you must file a Form 1040 or 1040A with the Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service Center, Austin, TX 73301 to determine if you are entitled to a refund. 2011 efile You must also attach the following to your Form 1040 or 1040A. 2011 efile A copy of Form SSA-1042S, Social Security Benefit Statement. 2011 efile A copy of the “green card. 2011 efile ” A signed declaration that includes the following statements: The SSA should not have withheld income tax from my social security benefits because I am a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile lawful permanent resident and my green card has been neither revoked nor administratively or judicially determined to have been abandoned. 2011 efile I am filing a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax return for the tax year as a resident alien reporting all of my worldwide income. 2011 efile I have not claimed benefits for the tax year under an income tax treaty as the resident of a country other than the United States. 2011 efile Other income not subject to withholding of 30% (or lower treaty) rate. 2011 efile   The following income is not subject to withholding at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate if you file Form W-8ECI with the payer of the income. 2011 efile Income (other than compensation) that is effectively connected with your U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile trade or business. 2011 efile Income from real property that you choose to treat as effectively connected with a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile trade or business. 2011 efile See Income From Real Property in chapter 4 for details about this choice. 2011 efile   Special rules for withholding on partnership income, scholarships, and fellowships are explained next. 2011 efile Tax Withheld on Partnership Income If you are a foreign partner in a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile or foreign partnership, the partnership will withhold tax on your share of effectively connected taxable income (ECTI) from the partnership. 2011 efile You may be able to reduce your ECTI subject to withholding by certain partner-level deductions. 2011 efile Generally, you must use Form 8804-C for this purpose. 2011 efile See the Instructions for Form 8804-C for more information. 2011 efile The withholding rate on your share of effectively connected income is generally the highest rate of tax specified under section 1 of the Code (39. 2011 efile 6% for 2014). 2011 efile However, the partnership may withhold at the highest rate that applies to a particular type of income allocable to you if you gave the partnership the appropriate documentation. 2011 efile Long-term capital gain is an example of a particular type of income to which the highest tax rate applies. 2011 efile Claim the tax withheld as a credit on your 2014 Form 1040NR. 2011 efile The partnership will give you a statement on Form 8805, Foreign Partner's Information Statement of Section 1446 Withholding Tax, showing the tax withheld. 2011 efile A partnership that is publicly traded will withhold tax on your actual distributions of effectively connected income. 2011 efile In this case the partnership will give you a statement on Form 1042-S, Foreign Person's U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Source Income Subject to Withholding. 2011 efile Withholding on Scholarships and Fellowship Grants There is no withholding on a qualified scholarship received by a candidate for a degree. 2011 efile See chapter 3. 2011 efile If you are a nonresident alien student or grantee with an “F,” “J,” “M,” or “Q” visa and you receive a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile source grant or scholarship that is not fully exempt, the withholding agent (usually the payer of the scholarship) withholds tax at 14% (or lower treaty rate) of the taxable part of the grant or scholarship that is not a payment for services. 2011 efile However, if you are not a candidate for a degree and the grant does not meet certain requirements, tax will be withheld at the 30% (or lower treaty) rate. 2011 efile Any part of a scholarship or fellowship grant that is a payment for services is subject to graduated withholding as discussed earlier under Withholding on Wages. 2011 efile Alternate Withholding Procedure Your withholding agent may choose to use an alternate procedure by asking you to fill out Form W-4 and the Personal Allowances Worksheet (attached to Form W-4). 2011 efile Use the following instructions instead of the Form W-4 instructions to complete the worksheet. 2011 efile Line A. 2011 efile   Enter the total of the following amounts on line A. 2011 efile Personal exemption. 2011 efile   Include the prorated part of your allowable personal exemption. 2011 efile Figure the amount by multiplying the number of days you expect to be in the United States in 2014 by the daily exemption amount ($10. 2011 efile 82). 2011 efile Expenses. 2011 efile   Include expenses that will be deductible on your return. 2011 efile These include away-from-home expenses (meals, lodging, and transportation), certain state and local income taxes, charitable contributions, and casualty losses, discussed earlier under Itemized Deductions in chapter 5. 2011 efile They also include business expenses, moving expenses, and the IRA deduction discussed under Deductions in chapter 5. 2011 efile Nontaxable grant or scholarship. 2011 efile   Include the part of your grant or scholarship that is not taxable under U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile law or under a tax treaty. 2011 efile Line B. 2011 efile   Enter -0- unless the following paragraph applies to you. 2011 efile   If you are a student who qualifies under Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, and you are not claiming deductions for away-from-home expenses or other itemized deductions (discussed earlier), enter the standard deduction on line B. 2011 efile The standard deduction amount for 2013 is $6,100. 2011 efile Lines C and D. 2011 efile   Enter -0- on both lines unless the following paragraphs apply to you. 2011 efile   If you are a resident of Canada, Mexico, South Korea, or a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile national, an additional daily exemption amount may be allowed for your spouse and each of your dependents. 2011 efile   If you are a resident of India who is eligible for the benefits of Article 21(2) of the United States-India Income Tax Treaty, you can claim an additional daily exemption amount for your spouse only if your spouse will have no gross income for 2014 and cannot be claimed as a dependent on another U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile taxpayer's 2014 return. 2011 efile You can also claim an additional amount for each of your dependents not admitted to the United States on “F-2,” “J-2,” or “M-2” visas if they meet the same rules that apply to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile   Enter any additional amount for your spouse on line C. 2011 efile Enter any additional amount for your dependents on line D. 2011 efile Lines E, F, and G. 2011 efile   No entries should be made on lines E, F, and G. 2011 efile Line H. 2011 efile   Add the amounts on lines A through D and enter the total on line H. 2011 efile Form W-4. 2011 efile   Complete lines 1 through 4 of Form W-4. 2011 efile Sign and date the form and give it with the Personal Allowances Worksheet to your withholding agent. 2011 efile   If you file a Form W-4 to reduce or eliminate the withholding on your scholarship or grant, you must file an annual U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax return to be allowed the exemptions and deductions you claimed on that form. 2011 efile If you are in the United States during more than one tax year, you must attach a statement to your yearly Form W-4 indicating that you have filed a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax return for the previous year. 2011 efile If you have not been in the United States long enough to be required to file a return, you must attach a statement to your Form W-4 saying you will file a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax return when required. 2011 efile After the withholding agent has accepted your Form W-4, tax will be withheld on your scholarship or grant at the graduated rates that apply to wages. 2011 efile The gross amount of the income is reduced by the amount on line H of the worksheet and the withholding tax is figured on the remainder. 2011 efile You will receive a Form 1042-S from the withholding agent (usually the payer of your grant) showing the gross amount of your taxable scholarship or fellowship grant less the withholding allowance amount, the tax rate, and the amount of tax withheld. 2011 efile Use this form to prepare your annual U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax return. 2011 efile Income Entitled to Tax Treaty Benefits If a tax treaty between the United States and your country provides an exemption from, or a reduced rate of, tax for certain items of income, you should notify the payor of the income (the withholding agent) of your foreign status to claim a tax treaty withholding exemption. 2011 efile Generally, you do this by filing either Form W-8BEN or Form 8233 with the withholding agent. 2011 efile File Form W-8BEN for income that is not personal services income. 2011 efile File Form 8233 for personal services income as discussed next. 2011 efile Employees and independent contractors. 2011 efile   If you perform personal services as an employee or as an independent contractor and you can claim an exemption from withholding on that personal service income because of a tax treaty, give Form 8233 to each withholding agent from whom amounts will be received. 2011 efile   Even if you submit Form 8233, the withholding agent may have to withhold tax from your income. 2011 efile This is because the factors on which the treaty exemption is based may not be determinable until after the close of the tax year. 2011 efile In this case, you must file Form 1040NR (or Form 1040NR-EZ if you qualify) to recover any overwithheld tax and to provide the IRS with proof that you are entitled to the treaty exemption. 2011 efile Students, teachers, and researchers. 2011 efile   Students, teachers, and researchers must attach the appropriate statement shown in Appendix A (for students) or Appendix B (for teachers and researchers) at the end of this publication to the Form 8233 and give it to the withholding agent. 2011 efile For treaties not listed in the appendices, attach a statement in a format similar to those for other treaties. 2011 efile   If you received a scholarship or fellowship and personal services income from the same withholding agent, use Form 8233 to claim an exemption from withholding based on a tax treaty for both types of income. 2011 efile Special events and promotions. 2011 efile   Withholding at the full 30% rate is required for payments made to a nonresident alien or foreign corporation for gate receipts (or television or other receipts) from rock music festivals, boxing promotions, and other entertainment or sporting events, unless the withholding agent has been specifically advised otherwise by letter from the IRS. 2011 efile Form 13930 is used to request a reduction in withholding. 2011 efile Withholding may be required even if the income may be exempt from taxation by provisions of a tax treaty. 2011 efile One reason for this is that the partial or complete exemption is usually based on factors that cannot be determined until after the close of the tax year. 2011 efile You will be required to pay U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile tax, at the time of your departure from the United States, on any income for which you incorrectly claimed a treaty exemption. 2011 efile For more details on treaty provisions that apply to compensation, see Publication 901. 2011 efile Tax Withheld on Real Property Sales If you are a nonresident alien and you dispose of a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile real property interest, the transferee (buyer) of the property generally must withhold a tax equal to 10% of the amount realized on the disposition. 2011 efile A distribution by a qualified investment entity to a nonresident alien shareholder that is treated as gain from the sale or exchange of a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile real property interest by the shareholder is subject to withholding at 35%. 2011 efile Withholding is also required on certain distributions and other transactions by domestic or foreign corporations, partnerships, trusts, and estates. 2011 efile These rules are covered in Publication 515. 2011 efile For information on the tax treatment of dispositions of U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile real property interests, see Real Property Gain or Loss in chapter 4. 2011 efile If you are a partner in a domestic partnership, and the partnership disposes of a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile real property interest at a gain, the partnership will withhold tax on the amount of gain allocable to its foreign partners. 2011 efile Your share of the income and tax withheld will be reported to you on Form 8805, Foreign Partner's Information Statement of Section 1446 Withholding Tax, or Form 1042-S, Foreign Person's U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Source Income Subject to Withholding (in the case of a publicly traded partnership). 2011 efile Withholding is not required in the following situations. 2011 efile The property is acquired by the buyer for use as a residence and the amount realized (sales price) is not more than $300,000. 2011 efile The property disposed of is an interest in a domestic corporation if any class of stock of the corporation is regularly traded on an established securities market. 2011 efile However, this exception does not apply to certain dispositions of substantial amounts of non-publicly traded interests in publicly traded corporations. 2011 efile The property disposed of is an interest in a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile corporation that is not regularly traded on an established market and you (the seller) give the buyer a copy of a statement issued by the corporation certifying that the interest is not a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile real property interest. 2011 efile You (the seller) give the buyer a certification stating, under penalties of perjury, that you are not a foreign person, and containing your name, U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile taxpayer identification number, and home address. 2011 efile You can give the certification to a qualified substitute. 2011 efile The qualified substitute gives the buyer a statement, under penalties of perjury, that the certification is in the possession of the qualified substitute. 2011 efile For this purpose, a qualified substitute is (a) the person (including any attorney or title company) responsible for closing the transaction, other than your agent, and (b) the buyer's agent. 2011 efile The buyer receives a withholding certificate from the Internal Revenue Service. 2011 efile You give the buyer written notice that you are not required to recognize any gain or loss on the transfer because of a nonrecognition provision in the Internal Revenue Code or a provision in a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile tax treaty. 2011 efile The buyer must file a copy of the notice with the Ogden Service Center, P. 2011 efile O. 2011 efile Box 409101, Ogden, UT 84409. 2011 efile You must verify the notice as true and sign it under penalties of perjury. 2011 efile The notice must contain the following information. 2011 efile A statement that the notice is a notice of nonrecognition under regulation section 1. 2011 efile 1445-2(d)(2). 2011 efile Your name, taxpayer identification number, and home address. 2011 efile A statement that you are not required to recognize any gain or loss on the transfer. 2011 efile A brief description of the transfer. 2011 efile A brief summary of the law and facts supporting your claim that recognition of gain or loss is not required. 2011 efile You may not give the buyer a written notice for any of the following transfers: the sale of your main home on which you exclude gain, a like-kind exchange that does not qualify for nonrecognition treatment in its entirety, or a deferred like-kind exchange that has not been completed at the time the buyer must file Form 8288. 2011 efile Instead, a withholding certificate (described next) must be obtained. 2011 efile The amount you realize on the transfer of a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile real property interest is zero. 2011 efile The property is acquired by the United States, a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile state or possession, a political subdivision, or the District of Columbia. 2011 efile The distribution is from a domestically controlled qualified investment entity (QIE) and is treated as a distribution of a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile real property interest only because an interest in the entity was disposed of in an applicable wash sale transaction. 2011 efile For the definition of a QIE, see Qualified investment entities under Real Property Gain or Loss, earlier. 2011 efile See Wash sale under Real Property Gain or Loss in chapter 4. 2011 efile The certifications in (3) and (4) must be disregarded by the buyer if the buyer or qualified substitute has actual knowledge, or receives notice from a seller's or buyer's agent (or substitute), that they are false. 2011 efile This also applies to the qualified substitute's statement under (4). 2011 efile Withholding certificates. 2011 efile   The tax required to be withheld on a disposition can be reduced or eliminated under a withholding certificate issued by the IRS. 2011 efile Either you or the buyer can request a withholding certificate. 2011 efile   A withholding certificate can be issued due to any of the following. 2011 efile The IRS determines that reduced withholding is appropriate because either: The amount required to be withheld would be more than your maximum tax liability, or Withholding of the reduced amount would not jeopardize collection of the tax. 2011 efile All of your realized gain is exempt from U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile tax. 2011 efile You or the buyer enters into an agreement for the payment of tax providing security for the tax liability. 2011 efile   Get Publication 515 and Form 8288-B for information on procedures to request a withholding certificate. 2011 efile Credit for tax withheld. 2011 efile   The buyer must report and pay over the withheld tax within 20 days after the transfer using Form 8288, U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Withholding Tax Return for Dispositions by Foreign Persons of U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Real Property Interests. 2011 efile This form is filed with the IRS with copies A and B of Form 8288-A, Statement of Withholding on Dispositions by Foreign Persons of U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Real Property Interests. 2011 efile Copy B of this statement will be stamped received by the IRS and returned to you (the seller) if the statement is complete and includes your taxpayer identification number (TIN). 2011 efile You must file Copy B with your tax return to take credit for the tax withheld. 2011 efile   A stamped copy of Form 8288-A will not be provided to you if your TIN is not included on that form. 2011 efile The IRS will send you a letter requesting the TIN and providing instructions for how to get a TIN. 2011 efile When you provide the IRS with a TIN, the IRS will provide you with a stamped Copy B of Form 8288-A. 2011 efile Social Security and Medicare Taxes If you work as an employee in the United States, you must pay social security and Medicare taxes in most cases. 2011 efile Your payments of these taxes contribute to your coverage under the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security system. 2011 efile Social security coverage provides retirement benefits, survivors and disability benefits, and medical insurance (Medicare) benefits to individuals who meet certain eligibility requirements. 2011 efile In most cases, the first $113,700 of taxable wages received in 2013 for services performed in the United States is subject to social security tax. 2011 efile All taxable wages are subject to Medicare tax. 2011 efile Your employer deducts these taxes from each wage payment. 2011 efile Your employer must deduct these taxes even if you do not expect to qualify for social security or Medicare benefits. 2011 efile You can claim a credit for excess social security tax on your income tax return if you have more than one employer and the amount deducted from your combined wages for 2013 is more than $7,049. 2011 efile 40. 2011 efile Use the appropriate worksheet in chapter 3 of Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, to figure your credit. 2011 efile If any one employer deducted more than $7,049. 2011 efile 40, you cannot claim a credit for that amount. 2011 efile Ask your employer to refund the excess. 2011 efile If your employer does not refund the excess, you can file a claim for refund using Form 843. 2011 efile In general, U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security and Medicare taxes apply to payments of wages for services performed as an employee in the United States, regardless of the citizenship or residence of either the employee or the employer. 2011 efile In limited situations, these taxes apply to wages for services performed outside the United States. 2011 efile Your employer should be able to tell you if social security and Medicare taxes apply to your wages. 2011 efile You cannot make voluntary payments if no taxes are due. 2011 efile Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile   Beginning in 2013, in addition to the Medicare tax, a 0. 2011 efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax applies to Medicare wages, Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RRTA) compensation, and self-employment income that are more than: $250,000 if married filing jointly, $125,000 if married filing separately, or $200,000 for any other filing status. 2011 efile   There are no special rules for nonresident aliens for purposes of Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile Wages, RRTA compensation, and self-employment income that are subject to Medicare tax will also be subject to Additional Medicare Tax if in excess of the applicable threshold. 2011 efile   Your employer is responsible for withholding the 0. 2011 efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax on Medicare wages or RRTA compensation it pays to you in excess of $200,000 in the calendar year. 2011 efile If you intend to file a joint return and you anticipate that you and your spouse's individual wages are not going to be more than $200,000 but your combined wages and self-employment income are going to be more than $250,000, you may want to request additional withholding on Form W-4 and/or make estimated tax payments. 2011 efile   If you file Form 1040NR, you must pay Additional Medicare Tax if the total of your wages and your self-employment income was more than $125,000 if married (Box 3, 4, or 5 on page 1 of Form 1040NR), or $200,000 if single or qualifying widow(er) (Box 1, 2, or 6 on page 1 of Form 1040NR). 2011 efile    See Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax, and the Instructions for Form 8959 to determine whether you are required to pay Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile For more information on Additional Medicare Tax, go to IRS. 2011 efile gov and enter “Additional Medicare Tax” in the search box. 2011 efile   Self-employed individuals may also be required to pay Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile See Self-Employment Tax , later. 2011 efile Students and Exchange Visitors Generally, services performed by you as a nonresident alien temporarily in the United States as a nonimmigrant under subparagraph (F), (J), (M), or (Q) of section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act are not covered under the social security program if the services are performed to carry out the purpose for which you were admitted to the United States. 2011 efile This means that there will be no withholding of social security or Medicare taxes from the pay you receive for these services. 2011 efile These types of services are very limited, and generally include only on-campus work, practical training, and economic hardship employment. 2011 efile Social security and Medicare taxes will be withheld from your pay for these services if you are considered a resident alien as discussed in chapter 1, even though your nonimmigrant classification (“F,” “J,” “M,” or “Q”) remains the same. 2011 efile Services performed by a spouse or minor child of nonimmigrant aliens with the classification of “F-2,” “J-2,” “M-2,” and “Q-3” are covered under social security. 2011 efile Nonresident Alien Students If you are a nonresident alien temporarily admitted to the United States as a student, you generally are not permitted to work for a wage or salary or to engage in business while you are in the United States. 2011 efile In some cases, a student admitted to the United States in “F-1,” “M-1,” or “J-1” status is granted permission to work. 2011 efile Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld from pay for the work unless the student is considered a resident alien. 2011 efile Any student who is enrolled and regularly attending classes at a school may be exempt from social security and Medicare taxes on pay for services performed for that school. 2011 efile The U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) permits on-campus work for students in “F-1” status if it does not displace a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile resident. 2011 efile On-campus work means work performed on the school's premises. 2011 efile On-campus work includes work performed at an off-campus location that is educationally affiliated with the school. 2011 efile On-campus work under the terms of a scholarship, fellowship, or assistantship is considered part of the academic program of a student taking a full course of study and is permitted by the USCIS. 2011 efile Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld from pay for this work unless the student is considered a resident alien. 2011 efile If services performed by a nonresident alien student are not considered as performed to carry out the purpose for which the student was admitted to the United States, social security and Medicare taxes will be withheld from pay for the services unless the pay is exempt under the Internal Revenue Code. 2011 efile Exchange Visitors Exchange visitors are temporarily admitted to the United States under section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. 2011 efile Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld on pay for services of an exchange visitor who has been given permission to work and who possesses or obtains a letter of authorization from the sponsor unless the exchange visitor is considered a resident alien. 2011 efile If services performed by an exchange visitor are not considered as performed to carry out the purpose for which the visitor was admitted to the United States, social security and Medicare taxes are withheld from pay for the services unless the pay is exempt under the Internal Revenue Code. 2011 efile Nonresident aliens temporarily admitted to the United States as participants in international cultural exchange programs under section 101(a)(15)(Q) of the Immigration and Nationality Act may be exempt from social security and Medicare taxes. 2011 efile The employer must be the petitioner through whom the alien obtained the “Q” visa. 2011 efile Social security and Medicare taxes are not withheld from pay for this work unless the alien is considered a resident alien. 2011 efile Refund of Taxes Withheld in Error If social security or Medicare taxes were withheld in error from pay that is not subject to these taxes, contact the employer who withheld the taxes for a refund. 2011 efile If you are unable to get a full refund of the amount from your employer, file a claim for refund with the Internal Revenue Service on Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement. 2011 efile Attach the following items to Form 843. 2011 efile A copy of your Form W-2 to prove the amount of social security and Medicare taxes withheld. 2011 efile A copy of your visa. 2011 efile Form I-94 (or other documentation showing your dates of arrival or departure). 2011 efile If you have an F-1 visa, documentation showing permission to work in the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile If you have a J-1 visa, documentation showing permission to work in the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile If you are engaged in optional practical training or employment due to severe economic necessity, documentation showing permission to work in the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile A statement from your employer indicating the amount of the reimbursement your employer provided and the amount of the credit or refund your employer claimed or you authorized your employer to claim. 2011 efile If you cannot obtain this statement from your employer, you must provide this information on your own statement and explain why you are not attaching a statement from your employer or on Form 8316 claiming your employer will not issue the refund. 2011 efile If you were exempt from social security and Medicare tax for only part of the year, pay statements showing the tax paid during the period you were exempt. 2011 efile File Form 843 (with attachments) with the Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service Center, Ogden, UT 84201-0038. 2011 efile Do not use Form 843 to request a refund of Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile If Additional Medicare Tax was withheld from your pay in error, you can claim a credit for any withheld Additional Medicare Tax against the total tax liability shown on your tax return by filing Form 8959 with Form 1040 or 1040NR. 2011 efile If Additional Medicare Tax was withheld in error in a prior year for which you already filed Form 1040 or 1040NR, you must file Form 1040X, Amended U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Individual Income Tax Return, for the prior year in which the wages or compensation were originally received to recover the Additional Medicare Tax withheld in error. 2011 efile See the Instructions for Form 1040X. 2011 efile Agricultural Workers Agricultural workers temporarily admitted into the United States on H-2A visas are exempt from social security and Medicare taxes on compensation paid to them for services performed in connection with the H-2A visa. 2011 efile You can find more information about not having tax withheld at www. 2011 efile irs. 2011 efile gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Foreign-Agricultural-Workers. 2011 efile Self-Employment Tax Self-employment tax is the social security and Medicare taxes for individuals who are self-employed. 2011 efile Nonresident aliens are not subject to self-employment tax unless an international social security agreement in effect determines that they are covered under the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security system. 2011 efile Residents of the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or American Samoa are considered U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile residents for this purpose and are subject to the self-employment tax. 2011 efile Resident aliens must pay self-employment tax under the same rules that apply to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens. 2011 efile However, a resident alien employed by an international organization, a foreign government, or a wholly-owned instrumentality of a foreign government is not subject to the self-employment tax on income earned in the United States. 2011 efile Self-employment income you receive while you are a resident alien is subject to self-employment tax even if it was paid for services you performed as a nonresident alien. 2011 efile Example. 2011 efile Bill Jones is an author engaged in the business of writing books. 2011 efile Bill had several books published in a foreign country while he was a citizen and resident of that country. 2011 efile During 2013, Bill entered the United States as a resident alien. 2011 efile After becoming a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile resident, he continued to receive royalties from his foreign publisher. 2011 efile Bill reports his income and expenses on the cash basis (he reports income on his tax return when received and deducts expenses when paid). 2011 efile Bill's 2013 self-employment income includes the royalties received after he became a U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile resident even though the books were published while he was a nonresident alien. 2011 efile This royalty income is subject to self-employment tax. 2011 efile Reporting self-employment tax. 2011 efile   Use Schedule SE (Form 1040) to report and figure your self-employment tax. 2011 efile Then enter the tax on Form 1040, line 56, or Form 1040NR, line 54. 2011 efile Attach Schedule SE to Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. 2011 efile Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile   Self-employed individuals must pay a 0. 2011 efile 9% Additional Medicare Tax on self-employment income that exceeds one of the following threshold amounts (based on your filing status): Married filing jointly — $250,000; Married filing separately — $125,000; Single, Head of household, or Qualifying widow(er) — $200,000. 2011 efile   If you have both wages and self-employment income, the threshold amount for applying the Additional Medicare Tax on the self-employment income is reduced (but not below zero) by the amount of wages subject to Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile A self-employment loss should not be considered for purposes of this tax   If you file Form 1040NR, you must pay Additional Medicare Tax if the total of your wages and your self-employment income was more than $125,000 if married (Box 3, 4, or 5 on page 1 of Form 1040NR), or $200,000 if single or qualifying widow(er) (Box 1, 2, or 6 on page 1 of Form 1040NR). 2011 efile   See Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax, and the Instructions for Form 8959 to determine whether you are required to pay Additional Medicare Tax. 2011 efile For more information on Additional Medicare Tax, go to IRS. 2011 efile gov and enter “Additional Medicare Tax” in the search box. 2011 efile Deduction for employer-equivalent portion of self-employment tax. 2011 efile   If you must pay self-employment tax, you can deduct a portion of the self-employment tax paid in figuring your adjusted gross income. 2011 efile This deduction is figured on Schedule SE (Form 1040). 2011 efile Note. 2011 efile No portion of the Additional Medicare Tax is deductible for self-employment tax. 2011 efile More information. 2011 efile   Get Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business, for more information about self-employment tax. 2011 efile International Social Security Agreements The United States has entered into social security agreements with foreign countries to coordinate social security coverage and taxation of workers employed for part or all of their working careers in one of the countries. 2011 efile These agreements are commonly referred to as totalization agreements. 2011 efile Under these agreements, dual coverage and dual contributions (taxes) for the same work are eliminated. 2011 efile The agreements generally make sure that social security taxes (including self-employment tax) are paid only to one country. 2011 efile Agreements are in effect with the following countries. 2011 efile Australia. 2011 efile Austria. 2011 efile Belgium. 2011 efile Canada. 2011 efile Chile. 2011 efile Czech Republic. 2011 efile Denmark. 2011 efile Finland. 2011 efile France. 2011 efile Germany. 2011 efile Greece. 2011 efile Ireland. 2011 efile Italy. 2011 efile Japan. 2011 efile Korea, South. 2011 efile Luxembourg. 2011 efile The Netherlands. 2011 efile Norway. 2011 efile Poland. 2011 efile Portugal. 2011 efile Spain. 2011 efile Sweden. 2011 efile Switzerland. 2011 efile The United Kingdom. 2011 efile Agreements with other countries are expected to enter into force in the future. 2011 efile Employees. 2011 efile   Generally, under these agreements, you are subject to social security taxes only in the country where you are working. 2011 efile However, if you are temporarily sent to work for the same employer in the United States and your pay would normally be subject to social security taxes in both countries, most agreements provide that you remain covered only by the social security system of the country from which you were sent. 2011 efile You can get more information on any agreement by contacting the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Social Security Administration at the address given later. 2011 efile If you have access to the Internet, you can get more information at www. 2011 efile socialsecurity. 2011 efile gov/international. 2011 efile   To establish that your pay is subject only to foreign social security taxes and is exempt from U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security taxes (including the Medicare tax) under an agreement, you or your employer should request a certificate of coverage from the appropriate agency of the foreign country. 2011 efile This will usually be the same agency to which you or your employer pays your foreign social security taxes. 2011 efile The foreign agency will be able to tell you what information is needed for them to issue the certificate. 2011 efile Your employer should keep a copy of the certificate because it may be needed to show why you are exempt from U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security taxes. 2011 efile Only wages paid on or after the effective date of the agreement can be exempt from U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security taxes. 2011 efile    Some of the countries with which the United States has agreements will not issue certificates of coverage. 2011 efile In this case, either you or your employer should request a statement that your wages are not covered by the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security system. 2011 efile Request the statement from the following address. 2011 efile U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Social Security Administration Office of International Programs P. 2011 efile O. 2011 efile Box 17741 Baltimore, MD 21235-7741 Self-employed individuals. 2011 efile   Under most agreements, self-employed individuals are covered by the social security system of the country where they reside. 2011 efile However, under some agreements, you may be exempt from U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile self-employment tax if you temporarily transfer your business activity to or from the United States. 2011 efile   If you believe that your self-employment income is subject only to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile self-employment tax and is exempt from foreign social security taxes, request a certificate of coverage from the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Social Security Administration at the address given earlier. 2011 efile This certificate will establish your exemption from foreign social security taxes. 2011 efile   To establish that your self-employment income is subject only to foreign social security taxes and is exempt from U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile self-employment tax, request a certificate of coverage from the appropriate agency of the foreign country. 2011 efile If the foreign country will not issue the certificate, you should request a statement that your income is not covered by the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile social security system. 2011 efile Request it from the U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile Social Security Administration at the address given earlier. 2011 efile Attach a photocopy of either statement to Form 1040 each year you are exempt. 2011 efile Also print “Exempt, see attached statement” on the line for self-employment tax. 2011 efile Estimated Tax Form 1040-ES (NR) You may have income from which no U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile income tax is withheld. 2011 efile Or the amount of tax withheld may be less than the income tax you estimate you will owe at the end of the year. 2011 efile If so, you may have to pay estimated tax. 2011 efile Generally, you must make estimated tax payments for 2014 if you expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax and you expect your withholding and certain refundable credits to be less than the smaller of: 90% of the tax to be shown on your 2014 income tax return, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2013 income tax return (if your 2013 return covered all 12 months of the year). 2011 efile If your adjusted gross income for 2013 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2014 is married filing separately), substitute 110% for 100% in (2) above if you are not a farmer or fisherman. 2011 efile Item (2) does not apply if you did not file a 2013 return. 2011 efile A nonresident alien should use Form 1040-ES (NR) to figure and pay estimated tax. 2011 efile If you pay by check, make it payable to the "United States Treasury. 2011 efile " How to estimate your tax for 2014. 2011 efile   If you filed a 2013 return on Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ and expect your income, number of exemptions, and total deductions for 2014 to be nearly the same, you should use your 2013 return as a guide to complete the Estimated Tax Worksheet in the Form 1040-ES (NR) instructions. 2011 efile If you did not file a return for 2013, or if your income, exemptions, deductions, or credits will be different for 2014, you must estimate these amounts. 2011 efile Figure your estimated tax liability using the Tax Rate Schedule in the 2014 Form 1040-ES (NR) instructions for your filing status. 2011 efile Note. 2011 efile If you expect to be a resident of Puerto Rico during the entire year, use Form 1040-ES or Formulario 1040-ES (PR). 2011 efile When to pay estimated tax. 2011 efile   Make your first estimated tax payment by the due date for filing the previous year's Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ. 2011 efile If you have wages subject to the same withholding rules that apply to U. 2011 efile S. 2011 efile citizens, you must file Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ and make your first estimated tax payment by April 15, 2014. 2011 efile If you do not have wages subject to withholding, file your income tax return and make your first estimated tax payment by June 16, 2014. 2011 efile   If your first estimated tax payment is due April 15, 2014, you can pay your estimated tax in full at that time or in four equal installments by the dates shown next. 2011 efile 1st installment April 15, 2014 2nd installment June 16, 2014 3rd installment Sept. 2011 efile 15, 2014 4th installment Jan. 2011 efile 15, 2015 If your first payment is not due until June 16, 2014, you can pay your estimated tax in full at that time or: ½ of your estimated tax by June 16, 2014, 1/4 of the tax by September 15, 2014, and 1/4 by January 15, 2015. 2011 efile    You do not have to make the payment due January 15, 2015, if you file your 2014 Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ by February 2, 2015, and pay the entire balance due with your return. 2011 efile Fiscal year. 2011 efile   If your return is not on a calendar year basis, your due dates are the 15th day of the 4th, 6th, and 9th months of your fiscal year, and the 1st month of the following fiscal year. 2011 efile If any date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, use the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. 2011 efile Changes in income, deductions, or exemptions. 2011 efile   Even if you are not required to make an estimated tax payment in April or June, your circumstances may change so that you will have to make estimated tax payments later. 2011 efile This can happen if you receive additional income or if any of your deductions are reduced or eliminated. 2011 efile If so, see the instructions for Form 1040-ES (NR) and Publication 505 for information on figuring your estimated tax. 2011 efile Amended estimated tax. 2011 efile   If, after you have made estimated tax payments, you find your estimated tax is substantially increased or decreased because of a change in your income or exemptions, you should adjust your remaining estimated tax payments. 2011 efile To do this, see the instructions for Form 1040-ES (NR) and Publication 505. 2011 efile Penalty for failure to pay estimated income tax. 2011 efile   You will be subject to a penalty for underpayment of installments of estimated tax except in certain situations. 2011 efile These situations are explained on Form 2210, Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates, and Trusts. 2011 efile Prev  Up  Next   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