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1040x online software Publication 536 - Main Content Table of Contents NOL Steps How To Figure an NOLNonbusiness deductions (line 6). 1040x online software Nonbusiness income (line 7). 1040x online software Nonbusiness capital losses. 1040x online software Business capital losses. 1040x online software Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A When To Use an NOLExceptions to 2-Year Carryback Rule Waiving the Carryback Period How To Carry an NOL Back or Forward How To Claim an NOL DeductionDeducting a Carryback Deducting a Carryforward Change in Marital Status Change in Filing Status Illustrated Form 1045 How To Figure an NOL CarryoverIllustrated Form 1045, Schedule B NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014Worksheet Instructions How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics NOL Steps Follow Steps 1 through 5 to figure and use your NOL. 1040x online software Step 1. 1040x online software   Complete your tax return for the year. 1040x online software You may have an NOL if a negative figure appears on the line below: Individuals — Form 1040, line 41, or Form 1040NR, line 39. 1040x online software Estates and trusts — Form 1041, line 22. 1040x online software   If the amount on that line is not negative, stop here — you do not have an NOL. 1040x online software Step 2. 1040x online software   Determine whether you have an NOL and its amount. 1040x online software See How To Figure an NOL , later. 1040x online software If you do not have an NOL, stop here. 1040x online software Step 3. 1040x online software   Decide whether to carry the NOL back to a past year or to waive the carryback period and instead carry the NOL forward to a future year. 1040x online software See When To Use an NOL , later. 1040x online software Step 4. 1040x online software   Deduct the NOL in the carryback or carryforward year. 1040x online software See How To Claim an NOL Deduction , later. 1040x online software If your NOL deduction is equal to or less than your taxable income without the deduction, stop here — you have used up your NOL. 1040x online software Step 5. 1040x online software   Determine the amount of your unused NOL. 1040x online software See How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later. 1040x online software Carry over the unused NOL to the next carryback or carryforward year and begin again at Step 4. 1040x online software Note. 1040x online software   If your NOL deduction includes more than one NOL amount, apply Step 5 separately to each NOL amount, starting with the amount from the earliest year. 1040x online software How To Figure an NOL If your deductions for the year are more than your income for the year, you may have an NOL. 1040x online software There are rules that limit what you can deduct when figuring an NOL. 1040x online software In general, the following items are not allowed when figuring an NOL. 1040x online software Any deduction for personal exemptions. 1040x online software Capital losses in excess of capital gains. 1040x online software The section 1202 exclusion of the gain from the sale or exchange of qualified small business stock. 1040x online software Nonbusiness deductions in excess of nonbusiness income. 1040x online software The net operating loss deduction. 1040x online software The domestic production activities deduction. 1040x online software Form 1045, Schedule A. 1040x online software   Use Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure an NOL. 1040x online software The following discussion explains Schedule A and includes an illustrated example. 1040x online software   First, complete Form 1045, Schedule A, line 1, using amounts from your return. 1040x online software If line 1 is a negative amount, you may have an NOL. 1040x online software   Next, complete the rest of Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure your NOL. 1040x online software Nonbusiness deductions (line 6). 1040x online software   Enter on line 6 deductions that are not connected to your trade or business or your employment. 1040x online software Examples of deductions not related to your trade or business are: Alimony paid, Deductions for contributions to an IRA or a self-employed retirement plan, Health savings account deduction, Archer medical savings account deduction, Most itemized deductions (except for casualty and theft losses, state income tax on trade and business income, and any employee business expenses), and The standard deduction. 1040x online software   Do not include on line 6 the deduction for personal exemptions for you, your spouse, or your dependents. 1040x online software   Do not enter business deductions on line 6. 1040x online software These are deductions that are connected to your trade or business. 1040x online software They include the following. 1040x online software State income tax on income attributable to trade or business (including wages, salary, and unemployment compensation). 1040x online software Moving expenses. 1040x online software Educator expenses. 1040x online software The deduction for the deductible part of self-employed health insurance. 1040x online software Domestic production activities deduction. 1040x online software Rental losses. 1040x online software Loss on the sale or exchange of business real estate or depreciable property. 1040x online software Your share of a business loss from a partnership or an S corporation. 1040x online software Ordinary loss on the sale or exchange of stock in a small business corporation or a small business investment company. 1040x online software If you itemize your deductions, casualty and theft losses (even if they involve nonbusiness property) and employee business expenses (such as union dues, uniforms, tools, education expenses, and travel and transportation expenses). 1040x online software Loss on the sale of accounts receivable (if you use an accrual method of accounting). 1040x online software Interest and litigation expenses on state and federal income taxes related to your business. 1040x online software Unrecovered investment in a pension or annuity claimed on a decedent's final return. 1040x online software Payment by a federal employee to buy back sick leave used in an earlier year. 1040x online software Nonbusiness income (line 7). 1040x online software   Enter on line 7 only income that is not related to your trade or business or your employment. 1040x online software For example, enter your annuity income, dividends, and interest on investments. 1040x online software Also, include your share of nonbusiness income from partnerships and S corporations. 1040x online software   Do not include on line 7 the income you receive from your trade or business or your employment. 1040x online software This includes salaries and wages, self-employment income, unemployment compensation included in your gross income, and your share of business income from partnerships and S corporations. 1040x online software Also, do not include rental income or ordinary gain from the sale or other disposition of business real estate or depreciable business property. 1040x online software Adjustment for section 1202 exclusion (line 17). 1040x online software   Enter on line 17 any gain you excluded under section 1202 on the sale or exchange of qualified small business stock. 1040x online software Adjustments for capital losses (lines 19–22). 1040x online software   The amount deductible for capital losses is limited based on whether the losses are business capital losses or nonbusiness capital losses. 1040x online software Nonbusiness capital losses. 1040x online software   You can deduct your nonbusiness capital losses (line 2) only up to the amount of your nonbusiness capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion (line 3). 1040x online software If your nonbusiness capital losses are more than your nonbusiness capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion, you cannot deduct the excess. 1040x online software Business capital losses. 1040x online software   You can deduct your business capital losses (line 11) only up to the total of: Your nonbusiness capital gains that are more than the total of your nonbusiness capital losses and excess nonbusiness deductions (line 10), and Your total business capital gains without regard to any section 1202 exclusion (line 12). 1040x online software Domestic production activities deduction (line 23). 1040x online software   You cannot take the domestic production activities deduction when figuring your NOL. 1040x online software Enter on line 23 any domestic production activities deduction claimed on your return. 1040x online software NOLs from other years (line 24). 1040x online software   You cannot deduct any NOL carryovers or carrybacks from other years. 1040x online software Enter the total amount of your NOL deduction for losses from other years. 1040x online software Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A The following example illustrates how to figure an NOL. 1040x online software It includes filled-in pages 1 and 2 of Form 1040 and Form 1045, Schedule A. 1040x online software Example. 1040x online software Glenn Johnson is in the retail record business. 1040x online software He is single and has the following income and deductions on his Form 1040 for 2013. 1040x online software See the illustrated Form 1040 , later. 1040x online software INCOME   Wages from part-time job $1,225 Interest on savings 425 Net long-term capital gain on sale of real estate used in business 2,000 Glenn's total income $3,650 DEDUCTIONS   Net loss from business (gross income of $67,000 minus expenses of $72,000) $5,000 Net short-term capital loss on sale of stock 1,000 Standard deduction 6,100 Personal exemption 3,900 Glenn's total deductions $16,000 Glenn's deductions exceed his income by $12,350 ($16,000 − $3,650). 1040x online software However, to figure whether he has an NOL, certain deductions are not allowed. 1040x online software He uses Form 1045, Schedule A, to figure his NOL. 1040x online software See the Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A , later. 1040x online software The following items are not allowed on Form 1045, Schedule A. 1040x online software Nonbusiness net short-term capital loss $1,000 Nonbusiness deductions (standard deduction, $6,100) minus nonbusiness income (interest, $425) 5,675 Deduction for personal exemption 3,900 Total adjustments to net loss $10,575     Therefore, Glenn's NOL for 2013 is figured as follows: Glenn's total 2013 income $3,650 Less:     Glenn's original 2013 total deductions $16,000   Reduced by the disallowed items − 10,575 − 5,425 Glenn's NOL for 2013 $1,775 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x online software Please click the link to view the image. 1040x online software Form 1040, page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x online software Please click the link to view the image. 1040x online software Form 1040, page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x online software Please click the link to view the image. 1040x online software Form 1045, page 2 When To Use an NOL Generally, if you have an NOL for a tax year ending in 2013, you must carry back the entire amount of the NOL to the 2 tax years before the NOL year (the carryback period), and then carry forward any remaining NOL for up to 20 years after the NOL year (the carryforward period). 1040x online software You can, however, choose not to carry back an NOL and only carry it forward. 1040x online software See Waiving the Carryback Period , later. 1040x online software You cannot deduct any part of the NOL remaining after the 20-year carryforward period. 1040x online software NOL year. 1040x online software   This is the year in which the NOL occurred. 1040x online software Exceptions to 2-Year Carryback Rule Eligible losses, farming losses, qualified disaster losses, and specified liability losses, all defined next, qualify for longer carryback periods. 1040x online software Eligible loss. 1040x online software   The carryback period for eligible losses is 3 years. 1040x online software Only the eligible loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 3 years. 1040x online software An eligible loss is any part of an NOL that: Is from a casualty or theft, or Is attributable to a federally declared disaster for a qualified small business or certain qualified farming businesses. 1040x online software Qualified small business. 1040x online software   A qualified small business is a sole proprietorship or a partnership that has average annual gross receipts (reduced by returns and allowances) of $5 million or less during the 3-year period ending with the tax year of the NOL. 1040x online software If the business did not exist for this entire 3-year period, use the period the business was in existence. 1040x online software   An eligible loss does not include a farming loss or a qualified disaster loss. 1040x online software Farming loss. 1040x online software   The carryback period for a farming loss is 5 years. 1040x online software Only the farming loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 5 years. 1040x online software A farming loss is the smaller of: The amount that would be the NOL for the tax year if only income and deductions attributable to farming businesses were taken into account, or The NOL for the tax year. 1040x online software Farming business. 1040x online software   A farming business is a trade or business involving cultivation of land or the raising or harvesting of any agricultural or horticultural commodity. 1040x online software A farming business can include operating a nursery or sod farm or raising or harvesting most ornamental trees or trees bearing fruit, nuts, or other crops. 1040x online software The raising, shearing, feeding, caring for, training, and management of animals is also considered a farming business. 1040x online software   A farming business does not include contract harvesting of an agricultural or horticultural commodity grown or raised by someone else. 1040x online software It also does not include a business in which you merely buy or sell plants or animals grown or raised entirely by someone else. 1040x online software Waiving the 5-year carryback. 1040x online software   You can choose to figure the carryback period for a farming loss without regard to the special 5-year carryback rule. 1040x online software To make this choice for 2013, attach to your 2013 income tax return filed by the due date (including extensions) a statement that you are choosing to treat any 2013 farming losses without regard to the special 5-year carryback rule. 1040x online software If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months after the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 1040x online software Attach an election statement to your amended return, and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 1040x online software 9100-2” at the top of the statement. 1040x online software Once made, this choice is irrevocable. 1040x online software Qualified disaster loss. 1040x online software   The carryback period for a qualified disaster loss is 5 years. 1040x online software Only the qualified disaster loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 5 years. 1040x online software A qualified disaster loss is the smaller of: The sum of: Any losses attributable to a federally declared disaster and occurring before January 1, 2010, in the disaster area, plus Any allowable qualified disaster expenses (even if you did not choose to treat those expenses as deductions in the current year), or The NOL for the tax year. 1040x online software Qualified disaster expenses. 1040x online software   A qualified disaster expense is any capital expense paid or incurred in connection with a trade or business or with business-related property which is: For the abatement or control of hazardous substances that were released as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010, For the removal of debris from, or the demolition of structures on, real property which is business-related property damaged or destroyed as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010, or For the repair of business-related property damaged as a result of a federally declared disaster occurring before January 1, 2010. 1040x online software Business-related property is property held for use in a trade or business, property held for the production of income, or inventory property. 1040x online software Note. 1040x online software Section 198A allows taxpayers to treat certain capital expenses (qualified disaster expenses) as deductions in the year the expenses were paid or incurred. 1040x online software Excluded losses. 1040x online software   A qualified disaster loss does not include any losses from property used in connection with any private or commercial golf course, country club, massage parlor, hot tub facility, suntan facility, or any store for which the principal business is the sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption off premises. 1040x online software   A qualified disaster loss also does not include any losses from any gambling or animal racing property. 1040x online software Gambling or animal racing property is any equipment, furniture, software, or other property used directly in connection with gambling, the racing of animals, or the on-site viewing of such racing, and the portion of any real property (determined by square footage) that is dedicated to gambling, the racing of animals, or the on-site viewing of such racing, unless this portion is less than 100 square feet. 1040x online software Specified liability loss. 1040x online software   The carryback period for a specified liability loss is 10 years. 1040x online software Only the specified liability loss portion of the NOL can be carried back 10 years. 1040x online software Generally, a specified liability loss is a loss arising from: Product liability and expenses incurred in the investigation or settlement of, or opposition to, product liability claims, or An act (or failure to act) that occurred at least 3 years before the beginning of the loss year and resulted in a liability under a federal or state law requiring: Reclamation of land, Dismantling of a drilling platform, Remediation of environmental contamination, or Payment under any workers compensation act. 1040x online software   Any loss from a liability arising from (1) through (4) above can be taken into account as a specified liability loss only if you used an accrual method of accounting throughout the period in which the act (or failure to act) occurred. 1040x online software For details, see section 172(f). 1040x online software Waiving the 10-year carryback. 1040x online software   You can choose to figure the carryback period for a specified liability loss without regard to the special 10-year carryback rule. 1040x online software To make this choice for 2013 attach to your 2013 income tax return filed by the due date (including extensions) a statement that you are choosing to treat any 2013 specified liability losses without regard to the special 10-year carryback rule. 1040x online software If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months after the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 1040x online software Attach a statement to your amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 1040x online software 9100-2” at the top of the statement. 1040x online software Once made, this choice is irrevocable. 1040x online software Waiving the Carryback Period You can choose not to carry back your NOL. 1040x online software If you make this choice, then you can use your NOL only in the 20-year carryforward period. 1040x online software (This choice means you also choose not to carry back any alternative tax NOL. 1040x online software ) To make this choice, attach a statement to your original return filed by the due date (including extensions) for the NOL year. 1040x online software This statement must show that you are choosing to waive the carryback period under section 172(b)(3). 1040x online software If you filed your original return on time but did not file the statement with it, you can make this choice on an amended return filed within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 1040x online software Attach a statement to your amended return, and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 1040x online software 9100-2” at the top of the statement. 1040x online software Once you choose to waive the carryback period, it generally is irrevocable. 1040x online software If you choose to waive the carryback period for more than one NOL, you must make a separate choice and attach a separate statement for each NOL year. 1040x online software If you do not file this statement on time, you cannot waive the carryback period. 1040x online software How To Carry an NOL Back or Forward If you choose to carry back the NOL, you must first carry the entire NOL to the earliest carryback year. 1040x online software If your NOL is not used up, you can carry the rest to the next earliest carryback year, and so on. 1040x online software If you waive the carryback period or do not use up the NOL in the carryback period, carry forward what remains of the NOL to the 20 tax years following the NOL year. 1040x online software Start by carrying it to the first tax year after the NOL year. 1040x online software If you do not use it up, carry the unused part to the next year. 1040x online software Continue to carry any unused part of the NOL forward until the NOL is used up or you complete the 20-year carryforward period. 1040x online software Example 1. 1040x online software You started your business as a sole proprietor in 2013 and had a $42,000 NOL for the year. 1040x online software No part of the NOL qualifies for the 3-year, 5-year, or 10-year carryback. 1040x online software You begin using your NOL in 2011, the second year before the NOL year, as shown in the following chart. 1040x online software Year   Carryback/  Carryover Unused  Loss 2011 $42,000 $40,000 2012 40,000 37,000 2013 (NOL year)     2014 37,000 31,500 2015 31,500 22,500 2016 22,500 12,700 2017 12,700 4,000 2018 4,000 -0- If your loss were larger, you could carry it forward until the year 2033. 1040x online software If you still had an unused 2013 carryforward after the year 2033, you would not be allowed to deduct it. 1040x online software Example 2. 1040x online software Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that $4,000 of the NOL is attributable to a casualty loss and this loss qualifies for a 3-year carryback period. 1040x online software You begin using the $4,000 in 2010. 1040x online software As shown in the following chart, $3,000 of this NOL is used in 2010. 1040x online software The remaining $1,000 is carried to 2011 with the $38,000 NOL that you must begin using in 2011. 1040x online software Year   Carryback/  Carryover Unused  Loss 2010 $4,000 $1,000 2011 39,000 37,000 2012 37,000 34,000 2013 (NOL year)     2014 34,000 28,500 2015 28,500 19,500 2016 19,500 9,700 2017 9,700 1,000 2018 1,000 -0- How To Claim an NOL Deduction If you have not already carried the NOL to an earlier year, your NOL deduction is the total NOL. 1040x online software If you carried the NOL to an earlier year, your NOL deduction is the carried over NOL minus the NOL amount you used in the earlier year or years. 1040x online software If you carry more than one NOL to the same year, your NOL deduction is the total of these carrybacks and carryovers. 1040x online software NOL resulting in no taxable income. 1040x online software   If your NOL is more than the taxable income of the year you carry it to (figured before deducting the NOL), you generally will have an NOL carryover to the next year. 1040x online software See How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later, to determine how much NOL you have used and how much you carry to the next year. 1040x online software Deducting a Carryback If you carry back your NOL, you can use either Form 1045 or Form 1040X. 1040x online software You can get your refund faster by using Form 1045, but you have a shorter time to file it. 1040x online software You can use Form 1045 to apply an NOL to all carryback years. 1040x online software If you use Form 1040X, you must use a separate Form 1040X for each carryback year to which you apply the NOL. 1040x online software Estates and trusts that do not file Form 1045 must file an amended Form 1041 (instead of Form 1040X) for each carryback year to which NOLs are applied. 1040x online software Use a copy of the appropriate year's Form 1041, check the “Amended return” box, and follow the Form 1041 instructions for amended returns. 1040x online software Include the NOL deduction with other deductions not subject to the 2% limit (line 15a). 1040x online software Also, see the special procedures for filing an amended return due to an NOL carryback, explained under Form 1040X , later. 1040x online software Form 1045. 1040x online software   You can apply for a quick refund by filing Form 1045. 1040x online software This form results in a tentative adjustment of tax in the carryback year. 1040x online software See the Illustrated Form 1045 . 1040x online software at the end of this discussion. 1040x online software   If the IRS refunds or credits an amount to you from Form 1045 and later determines that the refund or credit is too much, the IRS may assess and collect the excess immediately. 1040x online software   Generally, you must file Form 1045 on or after the date you file your tax return for the NOL year, but not later than one year after the end of the NOL year. 1040x online software If the last day of the NOL year falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday, the form will be considered timely if postmarked on the next business day. 1040x online software For example, if you are a calendar year taxpayer with a carryback from 2013 to 2011, you must file Form 1045 on or after the date you file your tax return for 2013, but no later than December 31, 2014. 1040x online software Form 1040X. 1040x online software   If you do not file Form 1045, you can file Form 1040X to get a refund of tax because of an NOL carryback. 1040x online software File Form 1040X within 3 years after the due date, including extensions, for filing the return for the NOL year. 1040x online software For example, if you are a calendar year taxpayer and filed your 2011 return by the April 15, 2012, due date, you must file a claim for refund of 2008 tax because of an NOL carryback from 2011 by April 15, 2015. 1040x online software   Attach a computation of your NOL using Form 1045, Schedule A, and, if it applies, your NOL carryover using Form 1045, Schedule B, discussed later . 1040x online software Refiguring your tax. 1040x online software   To refigure your total tax liability for a carryback year, first refigure your adjusted gross income for that year. 1040x online software (On Form 1045, use lines 10 and 11 and the “After carryback” column for the applicable carryback year. 1040x online software ) Use your adjusted gross income after applying the NOL deduction to refigure income or deduction items that are based on, or limited to, a percentage of your adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Refigure the following items. 1040x online software The special allowance for passive activity losses from rental real estate activities. 1040x online software Taxable social security and tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. 1040x online software IRA deductions. 1040x online software Excludable savings bond interest. 1040x online software Excludable employer-provided adoption benefits. 1040x online software The student loan interest deduction. 1040x online software The tuition and fees deduction. 1040x online software   If more than one of these items apply, refigure them in the order listed above, using your adjusted gross income after applying the NOL deduction and any previous item. 1040x online software (Enter your NOL deduction on Form 1045, line 10. 1040x online software On line 11, using the “After carryback” column, enter your adjusted gross income refigured after applying the NOL deduction and after refiguring any above items. 1040x online software )   Next, refigure your taxable income. 1040x online software (On Form 1045, use lines 12 through 15 and the “After carryback” column. 1040x online software ) Use your refigured adjusted gross income (Form 1045, line 11, using the “After carryback” column) to refigure certain deductions and other items that are based on or limited to a percentage of your adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Refigure the following items. 1040x online software The itemized deduction for medical expenses. 1040x online software The itemized deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums. 1040x online software The itemized deduction for casualty losses. 1040x online software Miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% limit. 1040x online software The overall limit on itemized deductions (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). 1040x online software The phaseout of the deduction for exemptions (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). 1040x online software Qualified motor vehicle tax (do not apply to carryback years beginning after December 31, 2009). 1040x online software    Do not refigure the itemized deduction for charitable contributions. 1040x online software   Finally, use your refigured taxable income (Form 1045, line 15, using the “After carryback” column) to refigure your total tax liability. 1040x online software Refigure your income tax, your alternative minimum tax, and any credits that are based on or limited by your adjusted gross income (AGI), modified adjusted gross income (MAGI), or tax liability. 1040x online software (On Form 1045, use lines 16 through 25, and the “After carryback” column. 1040x online software ) The earned income credit, for example, may be affected by changes to adjusted gross income or the amount of tax (or both) and, therefore, must be recomputed. 1040x online software If you become eligible for a credit because of the carryback, complete the form for that specific credit (such as the EIC Worksheet) for that year. 1040x online software   While it is necessary to refigure your income tax, alternative minimum tax, and credits, do not refigure your self-employment tax. 1040x online software Deducting a Carryforward If you carry forward your NOL to a tax year after the NOL year, list your NOL deduction as a negative figure on the “Other income” line of Form 1040 or Form 1040NR (line 21 for 2013). 1040x online software Estates and trusts include an NOL deduction on Form 1041 with other deductions not subject to the 2% limit (line 15a for 2013). 1040x online software You must attach a statement that shows all the important facts about the NOL. 1040x online software Your statement should include a computation showing how you figured the NOL deduction. 1040x online software If you deduct more than one NOL in the same year, your statement must cover each of them. 1040x online software Change in Marital Status If you and your spouse were not married to each other in all years involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, only the spouse who had the loss can take the NOL deduction. 1040x online software If you file a joint return, the NOL deduction is limited to the income of that spouse. 1040x online software For example, if your marital status changes because of death or divorce, and in a later year you have an NOL, you can carry back that loss only to the part of the income reported on the joint return (filed with your former spouse) that was related to your taxable income. 1040x online software After you deduct the NOL in the carryback year, the joint rates apply to the resulting taxable income. 1040x online software Refund limit. 1040x online software   If you are not married in the NOL year (or are married to a different spouse), and in the carryback year you were married and filed a joint return, your refund for the overpaid joint tax may be limited. 1040x online software You can claim a refund for the difference between your share of the refigured tax and your contribution toward the tax paid on the joint return. 1040x online software The refund cannot be more than the joint overpayment. 1040x online software Attach a statement showing how you figured your refund. 1040x online software Figuring your share of a joint tax liability. 1040x online software   There are five steps for figuring your share of the refigured joint tax liability. 1040x online software Figure your total tax as though you had filed as married filing separately. 1040x online software Figure your spouse's total tax as though your spouse had also filed as married filing separately. 1040x online software Add the amounts in (1) and (2). 1040x online software Divide the amount in (1) by the amount in (3). 1040x online software Multiply the refigured tax on your joint return by the amount figured in (4). 1040x online software This is your share of the joint tax liability. 1040x online software Figuring your contribution toward tax paid. 1040x online software   Unless you have an agreement or clear evidence of each spouse's contributions toward the payment of the joint tax liability, figure your contribution by adding the tax withheld on your wages and your share of joint estimated tax payments or tax paid with the return. 1040x online software If the original return for the carryback year resulted in an overpayment, reduce your contribution by your share of the tax refund. 1040x online software Figure your share of a joint payment or refund by the same method used in figuring your share of the joint tax liability. 1040x online software Use your taxable income as originally reported on the joint return in steps (1) and (2) above, and substitute the joint payment or refund for the refigured joint tax in step (5). 1040x online software Change in Filing Status If you and your spouse were married and filed a joint return for each year involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, figure the NOL deduction on a joint return as you would for an individual. 1040x online software However, treat the NOL deduction as a joint NOL. 1040x online software If you and your spouse were married and filed separate returns for each year involved in figuring NOL carrybacks and carryovers, the spouse who sustained the loss may take the NOL deduction on a separate return. 1040x online software Special rules apply for figuring the NOL carrybacks and carryovers of married people whose filing status changes for any tax year involved in figuring an NOL carryback or carryover. 1040x online software Separate to joint return. 1040x online software   If you and your spouse file a joint return for a carryback or carryforward year, and were married but filed separate returns for any of the tax years involved in figuring the NOL carryback or carryover, treat the separate carryback or carryover as a joint carryback or carryover. 1040x online software Joint to separate returns. 1040x online software   If you and your spouse file separate returns for a carryback or carryforward year, but filed a joint return for any or all of the tax years involved in figuring the NOL carryover, figure each of your carryovers separately. 1040x online software Joint return in NOL year. 1040x online software   Figure each spouse's share of the joint NOL through the following steps. 1040x online software Figure each spouse's NOL as if he or she filed a separate return. 1040x online software See How To Figure an NOL , earlier. 1040x online software If only one spouse has an NOL, stop here. 1040x online software All of the joint NOL is that spouse's NOL. 1040x online software If both spouses have an NOL, multiply the joint NOL by a fraction, the numerator of which is spouse A's NOL figured in (1) and the denominator of which is the total of the spouses' NOLs figured in (1). 1040x online software The result is spouse A's share of the joint NOL. 1040x online software The rest of the joint NOL is spouse B's share. 1040x online software Example 1. 1040x online software Mark and Nancy are married and file a joint return for 2013. 1040x online software They have an NOL of $5,000. 1040x online software They carry the NOL back to 2011, a year in which Mark and Nancy filed separate returns. 1040x online software Figured separately, Nancy's 2013 deductions were more than her income, and Mark's income was more than his deductions. 1040x online software Mark does not have any NOL to carry back. 1040x online software Nancy can carry back the entire $5,000 NOL to her 2011 separate return. 1040x online software Example 2. 1040x online software Assume the same facts as in Example 1 , except that both Mark and Nancy had deductions in 2013 that were more than their income. 1040x online software Figured separately, his NOL is $1,800 and her NOL is $3,000. 1040x online software The sum of their separate NOLs ($4,800) is less than their $5,000 joint NOL because his deductions included a $200 net capital loss that is not allowed in figuring his separate NOL. 1040x online software The loss is allowed in figuring their joint NOL because it was offset by Nancy's capital gains. 1040x online software Mark's share of their $5,000 joint NOL is $1,875 ($5,000 × $1,800/$4,800) and Nancy's is $3,125 ($5,000 − $1,875). 1040x online software Joint return in previous carryback or carryforward year. 1040x online software   If only one spouse had an NOL deduction on the previous year's joint return, all of the joint carryover is that spouse's carryover. 1040x online software If both spouses had an NOL deduction (including separate carryovers of a joint NOL, figured as explained in the previous discussion ), figure each spouse's share of the joint carryover through the following steps. 1040x online software Figure each spouse's modified taxable income as if he or she filed a separate return. 1040x online software See Modified taxable income under How To Figure an NOL Carryover , later. 1040x online software Multiply the joint modified taxable income you used to figure the joint carryover by a fraction, the numerator of which is spouse A's modified taxable income figured in (1) and the denominator of which is the total of the spouses' modified taxable incomes figured in (1). 1040x online software This is spouse A's share of the joint modified taxable income. 1040x online software Subtract the amount figured in (2) from the joint modified taxable income. 1040x online software This is spouse B's share of the joint modified taxable income. 1040x online software Reduce the amount figured in (3), but not below zero, by spouse B's NOL deduction. 1040x online software Add the amounts figured in (2) and (4). 1040x online software Subtract the amount figured in (5) from spouse A's NOL deduction. 1040x online software This is spouse A's share of the joint carryover. 1040x online software The rest of the joint carryover is spouse B's share. 1040x online software Example. 1040x online software Sam and Wanda filed a joint return for 2011 and separate returns for 2012 and 2013. 1040x online software In 2013, Sam had an NOL of $18,000 and Wanda had an NOL of $2,000. 1040x online software They choose to carry back both NOLs 2 years to their 2011 joint return and claim a $20,000 NOL deduction. 1040x online software Their joint modified taxable income (MTI) for 2011 is $15,000, and their joint NOL carryover to 2012 is $5,000 ($20,000 – $15,000). 1040x online software Sam and Wanda each figure their separate MTI for 2011 as if they had filed separate returns. 1040x online software Then they figure their shares of the $5,000 carryover as follows. 1040x online software Step 1. 1040x online software   Sam's separate MTI $9,000 Wanda's separate MTI + 3,000 Total MTI $12,000 Step 2. 1040x online software   Joint MTI $15,000 Sam's MTI ÷ total MTI ($9,000 ÷ $12,000) × . 1040x online software 75 Sam's share of joint MTI $11,250 Step 3. 1040x online software   Joint MTI $15,000 Sam's share of joint MTI − 11,250 Wanda's share of joint MTI $3,750 Step 4. 1040x online software   Wanda's share of joint MTI $3,750 Wanda's NOL deduction − 2,000 Wanda's remaining share $1,750 Step 5. 1040x online software   Sam's share of joint MTI $11,250 Wanda's remaining share + 1,750 Joint MTI to be offset $13,000 Step 6. 1040x online software   Sam's NOL deduction $18,000 Joint MTI to be offset − 13,000 Sam's carryover to 2012 $5,000 Joint carryover to 2012 $5,000 Sam's carryover − 5,000 Wanda's carryover to 2012 $-0- Wanda's $2,000 NOL deduction offsets $2,000 of her $3,750 share of the joint modified taxable income and is completely used up. 1040x online software She has no carryover to 2012. 1040x online software Sam's $18,000 NOL deduction offsets all of his $11,250 share of joint modified taxable income and the remaining $1,750 of Wanda's share. 1040x online software His carryover to 2012 is $5,000. 1040x online software Illustrated Form 1045 The following example illustrates how to use Form 1045 to claim an NOL deduction in a carryback year. 1040x online software It includes a filled-in page 1 of Form 1045. 1040x online software Example. 1040x online software Martha Sanders is a self-employed contractor. 1040x online software Martha's 2013 deductions are more than her 2013 income because of a business loss. 1040x online software She uses Form 1045 to carry back her NOL 2 years and claim an NOL deduction in 2011. 1040x online software Her filing status in both years was single. 1040x online software See the filled-in Form 1045 later. 1040x online software Martha figures her 2013 NOL on Form 1045, Schedule A (not shown). 1040x online software (For an example using Form 1045, Schedule A, see Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule A under How To Figure an NOL , earlier. 1040x online software ) She enters the $10,000 NOL from Form 1045, Schedule A, line 25, on Form 1045, line 1a. 1040x online software Martha completes lines 10 through 25, using the “Before carryback” column under the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11 on page 1 of Form 1045 using the following amounts from her 2011 return. 1040x online software 2011 Adjusted gross income $50,000 Itemized deductions:     Medical expenses [$6,000 − ($50,000 × 7. 1040x online software 5%)] $2,250   State income tax + 2,000   Real estate tax + 4,000   Home mortgage interest + 5,000   Total itemized deductions $13,250 Exemption $3,700 Income tax $4,550 Self-employment tax $6,120   Martha refigures her taxable income for 2011 after carrying back her 2013 NOL as follows: 2011 Adjusted gross income $50,000 Less:     NOL from 2013 −10,000 2011 Adjusted gross income after carryback $40,000 Less:     Itemized deductions:     Medical expenses [$6,000 − ($40,000 × 7. 1040x online software 5%)] $3,000   State income tax + 2,000   Real estate tax + 4,000   Home mortgage interest + 5,000   Total itemized deductions −14,000 Less:     Exemption − 3,700 2011 Taxable income after carryback $22,300 Martha then completes lines 10 through 25, using the “After carryback” column under the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11. 1040x online software On line 10, Martha enters her $10,000 NOL deduction. 1040x online software Her new adjusted gross income on line 11 is $40,000 ($50,000 − $10,000). 1040x online software To complete line 12, she must refigure her medical expense deduction using her new adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Her refigured medical expense deduction is $3,000 [$6,000 − ($40,000 × 7. 1040x online software 5%)]. 1040x online software This increases her total itemized deductions to $14,000 [$13,250 + ($3,000 − $2,250)]. 1040x online software Martha uses her refigured taxable income ($22,300) from line 15, and the tax tables in her 2011 Form 1040 instructions to find her income tax. 1040x online software She enters the new amount, $2,924, on line 16, and her new total tax liability, $9,044, on line 25. 1040x online software Martha used up her $10,000 NOL in 2011 so she does not complete a column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/2012. 1040x online software The decrease in tax because of her NOL deduction (line 27) is $1,612. 1040x online software Martha files Form 1045 after filing her 2013 return, but no later than December 31, 2014. 1040x online software She mails it to the Internal Revenue Service Center for the place where she lives as shown in the 2013 instructions for Form 1040 and attaches a copy of her 2013 return (including the applicable forms and schedules). 1040x online software This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x online software Please click the link to view the image. 1040x online software Form 1045, page 1 How To Figure an NOL Carryover If your NOL is more than your taxable income for the year to which you carry it (figured before deducting the NOL), you may have an NOL carryover. 1040x online software You must make certain modifications to your taxable income to determine how much NOL you will use up in that year and how much you can carry over to the next tax year. 1040x online software Your carryover is the excess of your NOL deduction over your modified taxable income for the carryback or carryforward year. 1040x online software If your NOL deduction includes more than one NOL, apply the NOLs against your modified taxable income in the same order in which you incurred them, starting with the earliest. 1040x online software Modified taxable income. 1040x online software   Your modified taxable income is your taxable income figured with the following changes. 1040x online software You cannot claim an NOL deduction for the NOL carryover you are figuring or for any later NOL. 1040x online software You cannot claim a deduction for capital losses in excess of your capital gains. 1040x online software Also, you must increase your taxable income by the amount of any section 1202 exclusion. 1040x online software You cannot claim the domestic production activities deduction. 1040x online software You cannot claim a deduction for your exemptions for yourself, your spouse, or dependents. 1040x online software You must figure any item affected by the amount of your adjusted gross income after making the changes in (1), (2), and (3), above, and certain other changes to your adjusted gross income that result from (1), (2), and (3). 1040x online software This includes income and deduction items used to figure adjusted gross income (for example, IRA deductions), as well as certain itemized deductions. 1040x online software To figure a charitable contribution deduction, do not include deductions for NOL carrybacks in the change in (1) but do include deductions for NOL carryforwards from tax years before the NOL year. 1040x online software   Your taxable income as modified cannot be less than zero. 1040x online software Form 1045, Schedule B. 1040x online software   You can use Form 1045, Schedule B, to figure your modified taxable income for carryback years and your carryover from each of those years. 1040x online software Do not use Form 1045, Schedule B, for a carryforward year. 1040x online software If your 2013 return includes an NOL deduction from an NOL year before 2013 that reduced your taxable income to zero (to less than zero, if an estate or trust), see NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014 , later. 1040x online software Illustrated Form 1045, Schedule B The following example illustrates how to figure an NOL carryover from a carryback year. 1040x online software It includes a filled-in Form 1045, Schedule B. 1040x online software Example. 1040x online software Ida Brown runs a small clothing shop. 1040x online software In 2013, she has an NOL of $36,000 that she carries back to 2011. 1040x online software She has no other carrybacks or carryforwards to 2011. 1040x online software Ida's adjusted gross income in 2011 was $35,000, consisting of her salary of $36,000 minus a $1,000 capital loss deduction. 1040x online software She is single and claimed only one personal exemption of $3,700. 1040x online software During that year, she gave $1,450 in charitable contributions. 1040x online software Her medical expenses were $3,000. 1040x online software She also deducted $1,650 in taxes and $3,125 in home mortgage interest. 1040x online software Her deduction for charitable contributions was not limited because her contributions, $1,450, were less than 50% of her adjusted gross income. 1040x online software The deduction for medical expenses was limited to expenses over 7. 1040x online software 5% of adjusted gross income (. 1040x online software 075 × $35,000 = $2,625; $3,000 − $2,625 = $375). 1040x online software The deductions for taxes and home mortgage interest were not subject to any limits. 1040x online software She was able to claim $6,600 ($1,450 + $375 + $1,650 + $3,125) in itemized deductions and a personal exemption deduction of $3,700 for 2011. 1040x online software She had no other deductions in 2011 (except the NOL deduction). 1040x online software Her taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction) for the year was $24,700. 1040x online software Ida's adjusted gross income in 2012 was $9,325, consisting of net business income from the clothing shop of $12,325 and a net capital loss of $3,000. 1040x online software She did not itemize her deductions in 2012. 1040x online software She deducted the standard deduction of $5,950 and the personal exemption deduction of $3,800. 1040x online software She had no other deductions in 2012 (other than the NOL deduction). 1040x online software Her taxable income, therefore, was ($425). 1040x online software Ida's $36,000 carryback will result in her having 2011 taxable income of zero. 1040x online software She then completes the column for the second preceding tax year ended 12/31/11 on Form 1045, Schedule B, to figure how much of her NOL she uses up in 2011 and how much she can carry over to 2012. 1040x online software She completes the column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. 1040x online software See the illustrated Form 1045, Schedule B , shown later. 1040x online software Column 1, line 1. 1040x online software Ida enters $36,000, her 2013 net operating loss, on line 1. 1040x online software Column 1, line 2. 1040x online software She enters $24,700, her 2011 taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction), on line 2. 1040x online software Column 1, line 3. 1040x online software Ida enters her net capital loss deduction of $1,000 on line 3. 1040x online software Column 1, lines 4 and 5. 1040x online software Ida had no section 1202 exclusion or domestic production activities deduction in 2011. 1040x online software She enters zero on lines 4 and 5. 1040x online software Column 1, line 6. 1040x online software Although Ida's entry on line 3 modifies her adjusted gross income, that does not affect any other items included in her adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Ida enters zero on line 6. 1040x online software Column 1, line 7. 1040x online software Ida had itemized deductions and entered $1,000 on line 3, so she completes lines 11 through 38 to figure her adjustment to itemized deductions. 1040x online software On line 7, she enters the total adjustment from line 38. 1040x online software Column 1, line 8. 1040x online software Ida enters the deduction for her personal exemption of $3,700 for 2011. 1040x online software Column 1, line 9. 1040x online software After combining lines 2 through 8, Ida's modified taxable income is $29,475. 1040x online software Column 1, line 10. 1040x online software Ida figures her carryover to 2012 by subtracting her modified taxable income (line 9) from her NOL deduction (line 1). 1040x online software She enters the $6,525 carryover on line 10. 1040x online software She also enters the $6,525 as her NOL deduction for 2012 on Form 1045, page 1, line 10, in the “After carryback” column under the column for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. 1040x online software (For an illustrated example of page 1 of Form 1045, see Illustrated Form 1045 under How To Claim an NOL Deduction , earlier. 1040x online software ) Next, Ida completes column 2 for the first preceding tax year ended 12/31/12. 1040x online software Column 1, line 11. 1040x online software Ida's adjusted gross income for 2011 was $35,000. 1040x online software Column 1, line 12. 1040x online software She adds lines 3 through 6 and enters $1,000 on line 12. 1040x online software (This is her net capital loss deduction added back, which modifies her adjusted gross income. 1040x online software ) Column 1, line 13. 1040x online software Her modified adjusted gross income for 2011 is now $36,000. 1040x online software Column 1, line 14. 1040x online software On her 2011 tax return, she deducted $375 as medical expenses. 1040x online software Column 1, line 15. 1040x online software Her actual medical expenses were $3,000. 1040x online software Column 1, line 16. 1040x online software She multiplies her modified adjusted gross income, $36,000, by . 1040x online software 075. 1040x online software She enters $2,700 on line 16. 1040x online software Column 1, line 17. 1040x online software She substracts $2,700 from her actual medical expenses, $3,000. 1040x online software She enters $300 on line 17. 1040x online software This is her modified medical deduction. 1040x online software Column 1, line 18. 1040x online software The difference between her medical deduction and her modified medical deduction is $75. 1040x online software She enters this on line 18. 1040x online software Column 1, lines 19 through 21. 1040x online software Ida had no deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums in 2011. 1040x online software She skips lines 19 and 20 and enters zero on line 21. 1040x online software Column 1, line 22. 1040x online software She enters her modified adjusted gross income of $36,000 on line 22. 1040x online software Column 1, line 23. 1040x online software She had no other carrybacks to 2011 and enters zero on line 23. 1040x online software Column 1, line 24. 1040x online software Her modified adjusted gross income remains $36,000. 1040x online software Column 1, line 25. 1040x online software Her actual contributions for 2011 were $1,450, which she enters on line 25. 1040x online software Column 1, line 26. 1040x online software She now refigures her charitable contributions based on her modified adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Her contributions are well below the 50% limit, so she enters $1,450 on line 26. 1040x online software Column 1, line 27. 1040x online software The difference is zero. 1040x online software Column 1, lines 28 through 37. 1040x online software Ida had no casualty losses or deductions for miscellaneous items in 2011. 1040x online software She skips lines 28 through 31 and lines 33 through 36. 1040x online software Ida enters zero on lines 32 and 37. 1040x online software Column 1, line 38. 1040x online software She combines lines 18, 21, 27, 32, and 37 and enters $75 on line 38. 1040x online software She carries this figure to line 7. 1040x online software Column 2, line 1. 1040x online software Ida enters $6,525, the carryback of her 2013 NOL to 2012, from column 1, line 10, on line 1. 1040x online software Column 2, line 2. 1040x online software She enters ($425), her 2012 taxable income, on line 2. 1040x online software Column 2, line 3. 1040x online software Ida enters her net capital loss deduction of $3,000 on line 3. 1040x online software Column 2, lines 4 and 5. 1040x online software Ida had no section 1202 exclusion or domestic production activities deduction in 2012. 1040x online software She enters zero on lines 4 and 5. 1040x online software Column 2, line 6. 1040x online software Although Ida's entry on line 3 modifies her adjusted gross income, that does not affect any other items included in her adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Ida enters zero on line 6. 1040x online software Column 2, line 7. 1040x online software Because Ida did not itemize deductions on her 2012 tax return, she enters zero on line 7. 1040x online software Column 2, line 8. 1040x online software Ida enters the deduction for her personal exemption of $3,800 for 2012. 1040x online software Column 2, line 9. 1040x online software After combining lines 2 through 8, Ida's modified taxable income is $6,375. 1040x online software Column 2, line 10. 1040x online software Ida figures her carryforward to 2014 by subtracting her modified taxable income (line 9) from her NOL deduction (line 1). 1040x online software She enters the $150 carryover on line 10. 1040x online software This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x online software Please click the link to view the image. 1040x online software Form 1045, page 3 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x online software Please click the link to view the image. 1040x online software Form 1045, page 4 NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014 If you had an NOL deduction carried forward from a year prior to 2013 that resulted in your having taxable income on your 2013 return of zero (of less than zero, if an estate or trust), complete Table 1 , Worksheet for NOL Carryover From 2013 to 2014, on the following pages. 1040x online software It will help you figure your NOL to carry to 2014. 1040x online software Keep the worksheet for your records. 1040x online software Worksheet Instructions At the top of the worksheet, enter the NOL year for which you are figuring the carryover. 1040x online software More than one NOL. 1040x online software   If your 2013 NOL deduction includes amounts for more than one loss year, complete this worksheet only for one loss year. 1040x online software To determine which year, start with your earliest NOL and subtract each NOL separately from your taxable income figured without the NOL deduction. 1040x online software Complete this worksheet for the earliest NOL that results in your having taxable income below zero. 1040x online software Your NOL carryover to 2014 is the total of the amount on line 10 of the worksheet and all later NOL amounts. 1040x online software Example. 1040x online software Your taxable income for 2013 is $5,000 without your $9,000 NOL deduction. 1040x online software Your NOL deduction includes a $2,000 carryover from 2011 and a $7,000 carryover from 2012. 1040x online software Subtract your 2011 NOL of $2,000 from $5,000. 1040x online software This gives you taxable income of $3,000. 1040x online software Your 2011 NOL is now completely used up. 1040x online software Subtract your $7,000 2012 NOL from $3,000. 1040x online software This gives you taxable income of ($4,000). 1040x online software You now complete the worksheet for your 2012 NOL. 1040x online software Your NOL carryover to 2014 is the unused part of your 2012 NOL from line 10 of the worksheet. 1040x online software Line 2. 1040x online software   Treat your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and later years as a positive amount. 1040x online software Add it to your negative taxable income (figured without the NOL deduction). 1040x online software Enter the result on line 2. 1040x online software Line 6. 1040x online software   You must refigure the following income and deductions based on adjusted gross income. 1040x online software The special allowance for passive activity losses from rental real estate activities. 1040x online software Taxable social security and tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. 1040x online software IRA deductions. 1040x online software Excludable savings bond interest. 1040x online software Excludable employer-provided adoption benefits. 1040x online software The student loan interest deduction. 1040x online software The tuition and fees deduction. 1040x online software   If none of these items apply to you, enter zero on line 6. 1040x online software Otherwise, increase your adjusted gross income by the total of lines 3 through 5 and your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and later years. 1040x online software Using this increased adjusted gross income, refigure the items that apply, in the order listed above. 1040x online software Your adjustment for each item is the difference between the refigured amount and the amount included on your return. 1040x online software Combine the adjustments for previous items with your adjusted gross income before refiguring the next item. 1040x online software Keep a record of your computations. 1040x online software   Enter your total adjustments for the above items on line 6. 1040x online software Line 7. 1040x online software   Enter zero if you claimed the standard deduction or the amounts on lines 3 through 5 are zero. 1040x online software Otherwise, use lines 11 through 33 of the worksheet to figure the amount to enter on this line. 1040x online software Complete only those sections that apply to you. 1040x online software Estates and trusts. 1040x online software   Enter zero on line 7 if you did not claim any miscellaneous deductions on Form 1041, line 15c, or a casualty or theft loss. 1040x online software Otherwise, refigure these deductions by substituting modified adjusted gross income (see below ) for adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Subtract the recomputed deductions from those claimed on the return. 1040x online software Enter the result on line 7. 1040x online software Modified adjusted gross income. 1040x online software   To refigure miscellaneous itemized deductions of an estate or trust (Form 1041, line 15c), modified adjusted gross income is the total of the following amounts. 1040x online software The adjusted gross income on the return. 1040x online software The amounts from lines 3 through 5 of the worksheet. 1040x online software The exemption amount from Form 1041, line 20. 1040x online software The NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years. 1040x online software   To refigure the casualty and theft loss deduction of an estate or trust, modified adjusted gross income is the total of the following amounts. 1040x online software The adjusted gross income amount you used to figure the deduction claimed on the return. 1040x online software The amounts from lines 3 through 5 of the worksheet. 1040x online software The NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years. 1040x online software Line 11. 1040x online software   Treat your NOL deduction for the NOL year entered at the top of the worksheet and for later years as a positive amount. 1040x online software Add it to your adjusted gross income. 1040x online software Enter the result on line 11. 1040x online software Line 20. 1040x online software   Is your modified adjusted gross income from line 13 of this worksheet more than $100,000 ($50,000 if married filing separately)?   □ Yes. 1040x online software Your deduction is limited. 1040x online software Refigure your deduction using the Mortgage Insurance Premiums Deduction Worksheet in the 2013 Instructions for Form 1045. 1040x online software On line 2 of the Mortgage Insurance Premiums Deduction Worksheet, enter the amount from line 13 of this worksheet. 1040x online software   □ No. 1040x online software Your deduction is not limited. 1040x online software Enter the amount from line 19 on line 20 and enter -0- on line 21. 1040x online software Line 23. 1040x online software   If you had a contributions carryover from 2012 to 2013 and your NOL deduction includes an amount from an NOL year before 2012, you may have to reduce your contributions carryover. 1040x online software Reduce the contributions carryover by the amount of any adjustment you made to your 2012 charitable contributions deduction when figuring your NOL carryover to 2013. 1040x online software Use the reduced contributions carryover to figure the amount to enter on line 23. 1040x online software Please click here for the text description of the image. 1040x online software Worksheet for NOL Carryover Worksheet for NOL Carryover (Continued) How To Get Tax Help Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or a need for a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it: online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an IRS office or volunteer site near you. 1040x online software Free help with your tax return. 1040x online software   You can get free help preparing your return nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. 1040x online software The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program helps low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. 1040x online software The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. 1040x online software Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. 1040x online software In addition, some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their own return with help from an IRS-certified volunteer. 1040x online software To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. 1040x online software gov, download the IRS2Go app, or call 1-800-906-9887. 1040x online software   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. 1040x online software To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. 1040x online software aarp. 1040x online software org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. 1040x online software For more information on these programs, go to IRS. 1040x online software gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. 1040x online software Internet. 1040x online software    IRS. 1040x online software gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are —24 hours a day, 7 days a week. 1040x online software Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. 1040x online software Use it to check your refund status, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. 1040x online software Check the status of your 2013 refund with the Where's My Refund? application on IRS. 1040x online software gov or download the IRS2Go app and select the Refund Status option. 1040x online software The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. 1040x online software Using these applications, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after we receive your e-filed return or 4 weeks after you mail a paper return. 1040x online software You will also be given a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. 1040x online software The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. 1040x online software Use the Interactive Tax Assistant (ITA) to research your tax questions. 1040x online software No need to wait on the phone or stand in line. 1040x online software The ITA is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and provides you with a variety of tax information related to general filing topics, deductions, credits, and income. 1040x online software When you reach the response screen, you can print the entire interview and the final response for your records. 1040x online software New subject areas are added on a regular basis. 1040x online software  Answers not provided through ITA may be found in Tax Trails, one of the Tax Topics on IRS. 1040x online software gov which contain general individual and business tax information or by searching the IRS Tax Map, which includes an international subject index. 1040x online software You can use the IRS Tax Map to search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. 1040x online software The IRS Tax Map integrates forms and publications into one research tool and provides single-point access to tax law information by subject. 1040x online software When the user searches the IRS Tax Map, they will be provided with links to related content in existing IRS publications, forms and instructions, questions and answers, and Tax Topics. 1040x online software Coming this filing season, you can immediately view and print for free all 5 types of individual federal tax transcripts (tax returns, tax account, record of account, wage and income statement, and certification of non-filing) using Get Transcript. 1040x online software You can also ask the IRS to mail a return or an account transcript to you. 1040x online software Only the mail option is available by choosing the Tax Records option on the IRS2Go app by selecting Mail Transcript on IRS. 1040x online software gov or by calling 1-800-908-9946. 1040x online software Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and the past three years. 1040x online software Determine if you are eligible for the EITC and estimate the amount of the credit with the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Assistant. 1040x online software Visit Understanding Your IRS Notice or Letter to get answers to questions about a notice or letter you received from the IRS. 1040x online software If you received the First Time Homebuyer Credit, you can use the First Time Homebuyer Credit Account Look-up tool for information on your repayments and account balance. 1040x online software Check the status of your amended return using Where's My Amended Return? Go to IRS. 1040x online software gov and enter Where's My Amended Return? in the search box. 1040x online software You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. 1040x online software It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. 1040x online software Make a payment using one of several safe and convenient electronic payment options available on IRS. 1040x online software gov. 1040x online software Select the Payment tab on the front page of IRS. 1040x online software gov for more information. 1040x online software Determine if you are eligible and apply for an online payment agreement, if you owe more tax than you can pay today. 1040x online software Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. 1040x online software gov. 1040x online software Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. 1040x online software Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. 1040x online software gov. 1040x online software Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. 1040x online software gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. 1040x online software Download forms, instructions and publications, including accessible versions for people with disabilities. 1040x online software Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center (TAC) using the Office Locator tool on IRS. 1040x online software gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices. 1040x online software An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. 1040x online software Before you visit, check the Office Locator on IRS. 1040x online software gov, or Local Offices under Contact Us on IRS2Go to confirm the address, phone number, days and hours of operation, and the services provided. 1040x online software If you have a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. 1040x online software Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. 1040x online software Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). 1040x online software Go to IRS. 1040x online software gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. 1040x online software Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. 1040x online software Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. 1040x online software Sign up to receive local and national tax news and more by email. 1040x online software Just click on “subscriptions” above the search box on IRS. 1040x online software gov and choose from a variety of options. 1040x online software Phone. 1040x online software    You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. 1040x online software Download the free IRS2Go app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. 1040x online software Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887 or you can use the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. 1040x online software gov, or download the IRS2Go app. 1040x online software Low-to-moderate income, elderly, people with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. 1040x online software The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. 1040x online software Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. 1040x online software Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. 1040x online software Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. 1040x online software Call the automated Where's My Refund? information hotline to check the status of your 2013 refund 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1-800-829-1954. 1040x online software If you e-file, you can start checking on the status of your return within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. 1040x online software The IRS issues more than 9 out of 10 refunds in less than 21 days. 1040x online software Where's My Refund? will give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. 1040x online software Before you call this automated hotline, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can enter your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. 1040x online software The IRS updates Where's My Refund? every 24 hours, usually overnight, so you only need to check once a day. 1040x online software Note, the above information is for our automated hotline. 1040x online software Our live phone and walk-in assistors can research the status of your refund only if it's been 21 days or more since you filed electronically or more than 6 weeks since you mailed your paper return. 1040x online software Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. 1040x online software You can generally expect your amended return to be processed up to 12 weeks from the date we receive it. 1040x online software It can take up to 3 weeks from the date you mailed it to show up in our system. 1040x online software Call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). 1040x online software You should receive your order within 10 business days. 1040x online software Call TeleTax, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering general and business tax information. 1040x online software If, between January and April 15, you still have questions about the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ (like filing requirements, dependents, credits, Schedule D, pensions and IRAs or self-employment taxes), call 1-800-829-1040. 1040x online software Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. 1040x online software The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. 1040x online software These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service. 1040x online software Walk-in. 1040x online software   You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in person. 1040x online software Products. 1040x online software You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. 1040x online software Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. 1040x online software Services. 1040x online software You can walk in to your local TAC for face-to-face tax help. 1040x online software An employee can answer questions about your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. 1040x online software Before visiting, use the Office Locator tool on IRS. 1040x online software gov, or choose the Contact Us option on the IRS2Go app and search Local Offices for days and hours of operation, and services provided. 1040x online software Mail. 1040x online software   You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. 1040x online software You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. 1040x online software Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. 1040x online software Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613    The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. 1040x online software The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. 1040x online software Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. 1040x online software   What can TAS do for you? We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. 1040x online software We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. 1040x online software You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. 1040x online software You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. 1040x online software   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. 1040x online software Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. 1040x online software Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. 1040x online software Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. 1040x online software We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. 1040x online software   How can you reach us? If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at Taxpayer Advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. 1040x online software   How else does TAS help taxpayers?  TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. 1040x online software If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System. 1040x online software Low Income Taxpayer Clinics Low Income
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1040x online software 12. 1040x online software   Filing Form 720 Table of Contents Attachments to Form 720. 1040x online software Conditions to allowance. 1040x online software Use Form 720 to report and pay the excise taxes previously discussed in this publication. 1040x online software File Form 720 for each calendar quarter until you file a final Form 720. 1040x online software For information on filing Form 720 electronically, visit the IRS e-file website at www. 1040x online software irs. 1040x online software gov/efile. 1040x online software You may be required to file your returns on a monthly or semimonthly basis instead of quarterly if you do not make deposits as required (see Payment of Taxes, later) or are liable for the excise tax on taxable fuels and meet certain conditions. 1040x online software Form 720 has three parts and three schedules. 1040x online software Part I consists of excise taxes generally required to be deposited (see Payment of Taxes, later). 1040x online software Part II consists of excise taxes that are not required to be deposited. 1040x online software Part III is used to figure your tax liability for the quarter and the amount of any balance due or overpayment. 1040x online software Schedule A, Excise Tax Liability, is used to record your net tax liability for each semimonthly period in a quarter. 1040x online software Complete it if you have an entry in Part I. 1040x online software Schedule C, Claims, is used to make claims. 1040x online software However, Schedule C can only be used if you are reporting a liability in Part I or Part II. 1040x online software Schedule T, Two-Party Exchange Information Reporting, is used to report certain exchanges of taxable fuel before or in connection with the removal at the terminal rack. 1040x online software Attachments to Form 720. 1040x online software   You may have to attach the following forms. 1040x online software Form 6197 for the gas guzzler tax. 1040x online software Form 6627 for environmental taxes. 1040x online software Form 720X. 1040x online software   This form is used to make adjustments to Forms 720 filed in prior quarters. 1040x online software You can file Form 720X by itself or, if it shows a decrease in tax, you can attach it to Form 720. 1040x online software See Form 720X for more information. 1040x online software Conditions to allowance. 1040x online software   For tax decreases, the claimant must check the appropriate box on Form 720X stating that: For adjustments of communications or air transportation taxes, the claimant has: Repaid the tax to the person from whom it was collected, or Obtained the consent of that person to the allowance of the adjustment. 1040x online software For other adjustments, the claimant has: Not included the tax in the price of the article and not collected the tax from the purchaser, Repaid the tax to the ultimate purchaser, or Attached the written consent of the ultimate purchaser to the allowance of the adjustment. 1040x online software However, the conditions listed under (2) do not apply to environmental taxes, the ship passenger tax, obligations not in registered form, foreign insurance taxes, fuels used on inland waterways, cellulosic or second generation biofuel sold as but not used as fuel, biodiesel sold as fuel but not used as fuel, and certain fuel taxes if the tax was based on use (for example, dyed diesel fuel used in trains, LPG, and CNG). 1040x online software Final return. 1040x online software   File a final return if: You go out of business, or You will not owe excise taxes that are reportable on Form 720 in future quarters. 1040x online software Due dates. 1040x online software   Form 720 must be filed by the following due dates. 1040x online software Quarter Covered Due Dates January, February, March April 30 April, May, June July 31 July, August, September October 31 October, November, December January 31   If any due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, you can file the return on the next business day. 1040x online software One-time filing. 1040x online software   If you import a gas guzzling automobile, you may be eligible to make a one-time filing using your SSN if you: Do not import gas guzzling automobiles in the course of your trade or business, and Are not required to file Form 720 reporting other excise taxes for the calendar quarter, except for a one-time filing. 1040x online software   If you meet both requirements above, see Gas guzzler tax (IRS No. 1040x online software 40) in the Instructions for Form 720 for how to file and pay the tax. 1040x online software Payment voucher. 1040x online software   Form 720-V, Payment Voucher, must be included with Form 720 if you have a balance due on line 10 of Form 720 and you are making your payment by check or money order. 1040x online software Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications