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1040x For Dummies

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1040x For Dummies

1040x for dummies 4. 1040x for dummies   Underpayment Penalty for 2013 Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: General RuleFarmers and fishermen. 1040x for dummies Higher income taxpayers. 1040x for dummies Minimum required for higher income taxpayers. 1040x for dummies Estate or trust payments of estimated tax. 1040x for dummies Lowering or eliminating the penalty. 1040x for dummies ExceptionsLess Than $1,000 Due No Tax Liability Last Year Figuring Your Required Annual Payment (Part I) Short Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part III) Regular Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part IV)Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A) Worksheet for Form 2210, Part IV, Section B—Figuring the Penalty Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) Farmers and Fishermen Waiver of PenaltyFarmers and fishermen. 1040x for dummies Introduction If you did not pay enough tax, either through withholding or by making timely estimated tax payments, you will have underpaid your estimated tax and may have to pay a penalty. 1040x for dummies You may understand this chapter better if you can refer to a copy of your latest federal income tax return. 1040x for dummies No penalty. 1040x for dummies   Generally, you will not have to pay a penalty for 2013 if any of the following apply. 1040x for dummies The total of your withholding and timely estimated tax payments was at least as much as your 2012 tax. 1040x for dummies (See Special rules for certain individuals for higher income taxpayers and farmers and fishermen. 1040x for dummies ) The tax balance due on your 2013 return is no more than 10% of your total 2013 tax, and you paid all required estimated tax payments on time. 1040x for dummies Your total tax for 2013 (defined later) minus your withholding is less than $1,000. 1040x for dummies You did not have a tax liability for 2012. 1040x for dummies You did not have any withholding taxes and your current year tax (less any household employment taxes) is less than $1,000. 1040x for dummies IRS can figure the penalty for you. 1040x for dummies   If you think you owe the penalty, but you do not want to figure it yourself when you file your tax return, you may not have to. 1040x for dummies Generally, the IRS will figure the penalty for you and send you a bill. 1040x for dummies   You only need to figure your penalty in the following three situations. 1040x for dummies You are requesting a waiver of part, but not all, of the penalty. 1040x for dummies You are using the annualized income installment method to figure the penalty. 1040x for dummies You are treating the federal income tax withheld from your income as paid on the dates actually withheld. 1040x for dummies However, if these situations do not apply to you, and you think you can lower or eliminate your penalty, complete Form 2210 or Form 2210-F and attach it to your return. 1040x for dummies See Form 2210 , later. 1040x for dummies Topics - This chapter discusses: The general rule for the underpayment penalty, Special rules for certain individuals, Exceptions to the underpayment penalty, How to figure your underpayment and the amount of your penalty on Form 2210, and How to ask the IRS to waive the penalty. 1040x for dummies Useful Items - You may want to see: Form (and Instructions) 2210 Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates, and Trusts 2210-F Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Farmers and Fishermen See chapter 5 for information about getting these forms. 1040x for dummies General Rule In general, you may owe a penalty for 2013 if the total of your withholding and timely estimated tax payments did not equal at least the smaller of: 90% of your 2013 tax, or 100% of your 2012 tax. 1040x for dummies (Your 2012 tax return must cover a 12-month period. 1040x for dummies ) Your 2013 tax, for this purpose, is defined under Total tax for 2013 , later. 1040x for dummies Special rules for certain individuals. 1040x for dummies   There are special rules for farmers and fishermen and certain higher income taxpayers. 1040x for dummies Farmers and fishermen. 1040x for dummies   If at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2012 or 2013 is from farming or fishing, substitute  662/3% for 90% in (1) above. 1040x for dummies   See Farmers and Fishermen , later. 1040x for dummies Higher income taxpayers. 1040x for dummies   If your AGI for 2012 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your 2013 filing status is married filing a separate return), substitute 110% for 100% in (2) under General Rule . 1040x for dummies This rule does not apply to farmers or fishermen. 1040x for dummies   For 2012, AGI is the amount shown on Form 1040, line 37; Form 1040A, line 21; and Form 1040EZ, line 4. 1040x for dummies Penalty figured separately for each period. 1040x for dummies   Because the penalty is figured separately for each payment period, you may owe a penalty for an earlier payment period even if you later paid enough to make up the underpayment. 1040x for dummies This is true even if you are due a refund when you file your income tax return. 1040x for dummies Example. 1040x for dummies You did not make estimated tax payments for 2013 because you thought you had enough tax withheld from your wages. 1040x for dummies Early in January 2014, you made an estimate of your total 2013 tax. 1040x for dummies Then you realized that your withholding was $2,000 less than the amount needed to avoid a penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. 1040x for dummies On January 10, you made an estimated tax payment of $3,000, which is the difference between your withholding and your estimate of your total tax. 1040x for dummies Your final return shows your total tax to be $50 less than your estimate, so you are due a refund. 1040x for dummies You do not owe a penalty for your payment due January 15, 2014. 1040x for dummies However, you may owe a penalty through January 10, 2014, the day you made the $3,000 payment, for your underpayments for the earlier payment periods. 1040x for dummies Minimum required each period. 1040x for dummies   You will owe a penalty for any 2013 payment period for which your estimated tax payment plus your withholding for the period and overpayments applied from previous periods was less than the smaller of: 22. 1040x for dummies 5% of your 2013 tax, or 25% of your 2012 tax. 1040x for dummies (Your 2012 tax return must cover a 12-month period. 1040x for dummies ) Minimum required for higher income taxpayers. 1040x for dummies   If you are subject to the rule for higher income taxpayers, discussed above, substitute 27. 1040x for dummies 5% for 25% in (2) under General Rule . 1040x for dummies When penalty is charged. 1040x for dummies   If you miss a payment or you paid less than the minimum required in a period, you may be charged an underpayment penalty from the date the amount was due to the date the payment is made. 1040x for dummies If a payment is mailed, the date of the U. 1040x for dummies S. 1040x for dummies postmark is considered the date of payment. 1040x for dummies   If a payment is made electronically, the date the payment is shown on your payment account (checking, savings, etc. 1040x for dummies ) is considered to be the date of payment. 1040x for dummies Estate or trust payments of estimated tax. 1040x for dummies   If you have estimated taxes credited to you from an estate or trust (Schedule K-1 (Form 1041)), treat the payment as made by you on January 15, 2014. 1040x for dummies Amended returns. 1040x for dummies    If you file an amended return by the due date of your original return, use the tax shown on your amended return to figure your required estimated tax payments. 1040x for dummies If you file an amended return after the due date of the original return, use the tax shown on the original return. 1040x for dummies   However, if you and your spouse file a joint return after the due date to replace separate returns you originally filed by the due date, use the tax shown on the joint return to figure your required estimated tax payments. 1040x for dummies This rule applies only if both original separate returns were filed on time. 1040x for dummies 2012 separate returns and 2013 joint return. 1040x for dummies    If you file a joint return with your spouse for 2013, but you filed separate returns for 2012, your 2012 tax is the total of the tax shown on your separate returns. 1040x for dummies You filed a separate return if you filed as single, head of household, or married filing separately. 1040x for dummies 2012 joint return and 2013 separate returns. 1040x for dummies    If you file a separate return for 2013, but you filed a joint return with your spouse for 2012, your 2012 tax is your share of the tax on the joint return. 1040x for dummies You are filing a separate return if you file as single, head of household, or married filing separately. 1040x for dummies   To figure your share of the taxes on a joint return, first figure the tax both you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns for 2012 using the same filing status as for 2013. 1040x for dummies Then multiply the tax on the joint return by the following fraction. 1040x for dummies   The tax you would have paid had you filed a separate return   The total tax you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns Example. 1040x for dummies Lisa and Paul filed a joint return for 2012 showing taxable income of $49,000 and a tax of $6,484. 1040x for dummies Of the $49,000 taxable income, $41,000 was Lisa's and the rest was Paul's. 1040x for dummies For 2013, they file married filing separately. 1040x for dummies Lisa figures her share of the tax on the 2012 joint return as follows. 1040x for dummies 2012 tax on $41,000 based on a separate return $ 6,286 2012 tax on $8,000 based on a  separate return 803 Total $ 7,089 Lisa's percentage of total tax  ($6,286 ÷ $ 7,089) 88. 1040x for dummies 67% Lisa's part of tax on joint return ($6,484 × 88. 1040x for dummies 67%) $ 5,749 Form 2210. 1040x for dummies   In most cases, you do not need to file Form 2210. 1040x for dummies The IRS will figure the penalty for you and send you a bill. 1040x for dummies If you want us to figure the penalty for you, leave the penalty line on your return blank. 1040x for dummies Do not file Form 2210. 1040x for dummies   To determine if you should file Form 2210, see Part II of Form 2210. 1040x for dummies If you decide to figure your penalty, complete Part I, Part II, and either Part III or Part IV of the form and the Penalty Worksheet in the Instructions for Form 2210. 1040x for dummies If you use Form 2210, you cannot file Form 1040EZ. 1040x for dummies   On Form 1040, enter the amount of your penalty on line 77. 1040x for dummies If you owe tax on line 76, add the penalty to your tax due and show your total payment on line 76. 1040x for dummies If you are due a refund, subtract the penalty from the overpayment and enter the result on line 73. 1040x for dummies   On Form 1040A, enter the amount of your penalty on line 46. 1040x for dummies If you owe tax on line 45, add the penalty to your tax due and show your total payment on line 45. 1040x for dummies If you are due a refund, subtract the penalty from the overpayment and enter the result on line 42. 1040x for dummies Lowering or eliminating the penalty. 1040x for dummies    You may be able to lower or eliminate your penalty if you file Form 2210. 1040x for dummies You must file Form 2210 with your return if any of the following applies. 1040x for dummies You request a waiver. 1040x for dummies See Waiver of Penalty , later. 1040x for dummies You use the annualized income installment method. 1040x for dummies See the explanation of this method under Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) . 1040x for dummies You use your actual withholding for each payment period for estimated tax purposes. 1040x for dummies See Actual withholding method under Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A). 1040x for dummies You base any of your required installments on the tax shown on your 2012 return and you filed or are filing a joint return for either 2012 or 2013, but not for both years. 1040x for dummies Exceptions Generally, you do not have to pay an underpayment penalty if either: Your total tax is less than $1,000, or You had no tax liability last year. 1040x for dummies Less Than $1,000 Due You do not owe a penalty if the total tax shown on your return minus the amount you paid through withholding (including excess social security and tier 1 railroad retirement (RRTA) tax withholding) is less than $1,000. 1040x for dummies Total tax for 2013. 1040x for dummies   For 2013, your total tax on Form 1040 is the amount on line 61 reduced by the following. 1040x for dummies    Unreported social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax from Forms 4137 or 8919 (line 57). 1040x for dummies Any tax included on line 58 for excess contributions to IRAs, Archer MSAs, Coverdell education savings accounts, and health savings accounts, or any tax on excess accumulations in qualified retirement plans. 1040x for dummies The following write-ins on line 60: Uncollected social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance, Tax on excess golden parachute payments, Excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation, Look-back interest due under section 167(g), Look-back interest due under section 460(b), Recapture of federal mortgage subsidy, and Additional tax on advance payments of health coverage tax credit when not eligible. 1040x for dummies Any refundable credit amounts listed on lines 64a, 65, 66, 70, and any credit from Form 8885 included on line 71. 1040x for dummies   If you filed Form 1040A, your 2013 total tax is the amount on line 35 reduced by any refundable credits on lines 38a, 39, and 40. 1040x for dummies   If you filed Form 1040EZ, your 2013 total tax is the amount on line 10 reduced by the amount on line 8a. 1040x for dummies Note. 1040x for dummies When figuring the amount on line 60, include household employment taxes only if you had federal income tax withheld from your income or you would owe the penalty even if you did not include those taxes. 1040x for dummies Paid through withholding. 1040x for dummies    For 2013, the amount you paid through withholding on Form 1040 is the amount on line 62 plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding on line 69. 1040x for dummies Add to that any write-in amount on line 72 identified as “Form 8689. 1040x for dummies ” On Form 1040A, the amount you paid through withholding is the amount on line 36 plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding included on line 41. 1040x for dummies On Form 1040EZ, it is the amount on line 7. 1040x for dummies No Tax Liability Last Year You do not owe a penalty if you had no tax liability last year and you were a U. 1040x for dummies S. 1040x for dummies citizen or resident for the whole year. 1040x for dummies For this rule to apply, your tax year must have included all 12 months of the year. 1040x for dummies You had no tax liability for 2012 if your total tax was zero or you were not required to file an income tax return. 1040x for dummies Example. 1040x for dummies Ray, who is single and 22 years old, was unemployed for a few months during 2012. 1040x for dummies He earned $6,700 in wages before he was laid off, and he received $1,400 in unemployment compensation afterwards. 1040x for dummies He had no other income. 1040x for dummies Even though he had gross income of $8,100, he did not have to pay income tax because his gross income was less than the filing requirement for a single person under age 65 ($9,750 for 2012). 1040x for dummies He filed a return only to have his withheld income tax refunded to him. 1040x for dummies In 2013, Ray began regular work as an independent contractor. 1040x for dummies Ray made no estimated tax payments in 2013. 1040x for dummies Even though he did owe tax at the end of the year, Ray does not owe the underpayment penalty for 2013 because he had no tax liability in 2012. 1040x for dummies Total tax for 2012. 1040x for dummies   For 2012, your total tax on Form 1040 is the amount on line 61 reduced by the following. 1040x for dummies    Unreported social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax from Forms 4137 or 8919 (line 57). 1040x for dummies Any tax included on line 58 for excess contributions to IRAs, Archer MSAs, Coverdell education savings accounts, and health savings accounts, or any tax on excess accumulations in qualified retirement plans. 1040x for dummies The following write-ins on line 60: Uncollected social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance, Tax on excess golden parachute payments, Excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation, Look-back interest due under section 167(g), Look-back interest due under section 460(b), Recapture of federal mortgage subsidy, and Additional tax on advance payments of health coverage tax credit when not eligible. 1040x for dummies Any refundable credit amounts listed on lines 64a, 65, 66, 70, and credits from Forms 8801 (line 27 only), and 8885 included on line 71. 1040x for dummies   If you filed Form 1040A, your 2012 total tax is the amount on line 35 reduced by any refundable credits on lines 38a, 39, and 40. 1040x for dummies   If you filed Form 1040EZ, your 2012 total tax is the amount on line 11 reduced by the amount on line 8a. 1040x for dummies Figuring Your Required Annual Payment (Part I) Figure your required annual payment in Part I of Form 2210, following the line-by-line instructions. 1040x for dummies If you rounded the entries on your tax return to whole dollars, you can round on Form 2210. 1040x for dummies Example. 1040x for dummies The tax on Lori Lane's 2012 return was $12,400. 1040x for dummies Her AGI was not more than $150,000 for either 2012 or 2013. 1040x for dummies The tax on her 2013 return (Form 1040, line 55) is $13,044. 1040x for dummies Line 56 (self-employment tax) is $8,902. 1040x for dummies Her 2013 total tax is $21,946. 1040x for dummies For 2013, Lori had $1,600 income tax withheld and made four equal estimated tax payments ($1,000 each). 1040x for dummies 90% of her 2013 tax is $19,751. 1040x for dummies Because she paid less than her 2012 tax ($12,400) and less than 90% of her 2013 tax ($19,751), and does not meet an exception, Lori knows that she owes a penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. 1040x for dummies The IRS will figure the penalty for Lori, but she decides to figure it herself on Form 2210 and pay it with her taxes when she files her tax return. 1040x for dummies Lori's required annual payment is $12,400 (100% of 2012 tax) because that is smaller than 90% of her 2013 tax. 1040x for dummies Different 2012 filing status. 1040x for dummies    If you file a separate return for 2013, but you filed a joint return with your spouse for 2012, see 2012 joint return and 2013 separate returns , earlier, to figure the amount to enter as your 2012 tax on line 8 of Form 2210. 1040x for dummies Short Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part III) You may be able to use the short method in Part III of Form 2210 to figure your penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. 1040x for dummies If you qualify to use this method, it will result in the same penalty amount as the regular method. 1040x for dummies However, either the annualized income installment method or the actual withholding method, explained later, may result in a smaller penalty. 1040x for dummies You can use the short method only if you meet one of the following requirements. 1040x for dummies You made no estimated tax payments for 2013 (it does not matter whether you had income tax withholding). 1040x for dummies You paid the same amount of estimated tax on each of the four payment due dates. 1040x for dummies If you do not meet either requirement, figure your penalty using the regular method in Part IV of Form 2210 and the Penalty Worksheet in the instructions. 1040x for dummies Note. 1040x for dummies If any payment was made before the due date, you can use the short method, but the penalty may be less if you use the regular method. 1040x for dummies However, if the payment was only a few days early, the difference is likely to be small. 1040x for dummies You cannot use the short method if any of the following apply. 1040x for dummies You made any estimated tax payments late. 1040x for dummies You checked box C or D in Part II of Form 2210. 1040x for dummies You are filing Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ and you did not receive wages as an employee subject to U. 1040x for dummies S. 1040x for dummies income tax withholding. 1040x for dummies If you use the short method, you cannot use the annualized income installment method to figure your underpayment for each payment period. 1040x for dummies Also, you cannot use your actual withholding during each period to figure your payments for each period. 1040x for dummies These methods, which may give you a smaller penalty amount, are explained under Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A). 1040x for dummies Complete Part III of Form 2210 following the line-by-line instructions in the Instructions for Form 2210. 1040x for dummies Regular Method for Figuring the Penalty (Part IV) You can use the regular method in Part IV of Form 2210 to figure your penalty for underpayment of estimated tax if you paid one or more estimated tax payments earlier than the due date. 1040x for dummies You must use the regular method in Part IV of Form 2210 to figure your penalty for underpayment of estimated tax if any of the following apply to you. 1040x for dummies You paid one or more estimated tax payments on a date after the due date. 1040x for dummies You paid at least one, but less than four, installments of estimated tax. 1040x for dummies You paid estimated tax payments in un- equal amounts. 1040x for dummies You use the annualized income installment method to figure your underpayment for each payment period. 1040x for dummies You use your actual withholding during each payment period to figure your payments. 1040x for dummies Under the regular method, figure your underpayment for each payment period in Section A, then figure your penalty using the Penalty Worksheet in the Instructions for Form 2210. 1040x for dummies Enter the results on line 27 of Section B. 1040x for dummies Figuring Your Underpayment (Part IV, Section A) Figure your underpayment of estimated tax for each payment period in Section A following the line-by-line instructions in the Instructions for Form 2210. 1040x for dummies Complete lines 20 through 26 of the first column before going to line 20 of the next column. 1040x for dummies Required installments—line 18. 1040x for dummies   Your required payment for each payment period (line 18) is usually one-fourth of your required annual payment (Part I, line 9). 1040x for dummies This method—the regular method—is the one to use if you received your income evenly throughout the year. 1040x for dummies   However, if you did not receive your income evenly throughout the year, you may be able to lower or eliminate your penalty by figuring your underpayment using the annualized income installment method. 1040x for dummies First complete Schedule AI (Form 2210), then enter the amounts from line 25 of that schedule on line 18 of Form 2210, Part IV. 1040x for dummies See Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI), later. 1040x for dummies Payments made—line 19. 1040x for dummies   Enter in each column the total of: Your estimated tax paid after the due date for the previous column and by the due date shown at the top of the column, and One-fourth of your withholding. 1040x for dummies For special rules for figuring your payments, see Form 2210 instructions for line 19. 1040x for dummies   If you file Form 1040, your withholding is the amount on line 62, plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding on line 69. 1040x for dummies If you file Form 1040A, your withholding is the amount on line 36 plus any excess social security or tier 1 RRTA tax withholding included in line 41. 1040x for dummies Actual withholding method. 1040x for dummies    Instead of using one-fourth of your withholding for each quarter, you can choose to use the amounts actually withheld by each due date. 1040x for dummies You can make this choice separately for the tax withheld from your wages and for all other withholding. 1040x for dummies This includes any excess social security and tier 1 RRTA tax withheld. 1040x for dummies   Using your actual withholding may result in a smaller penalty if most of your withholding occurred early in the year. 1040x for dummies   If you use your actual withholding, you must check box D in Form 2210, Part II. 1040x for dummies Then complete Form 2210 using the regular method (Part IV) and file it with your return. 1040x for dummies Worksheet for Form 2210, Part IV, Section B—Figuring the Penalty Figure the amount of your penalty for Section B using the Penalty Worksheet in the Form 2210 instructions. 1040x for dummies The penalty is imposed on each underpayment amount shown on Form 2210, Section A, line 25, for the number of days that it remained unpaid. 1040x for dummies For 2013, there are four rate periods—April 16 through June 30, July 1 through September 30, October 1 through December 31, and January 1, 2014 through April 15, 2014. 1040x for dummies A 3% rate applies to all four periods. 1040x for dummies Payments. 1040x for dummies    Before completing the Penalty Worksheet, it may be helpful to make a list of the payments you made and income tax withheld after the due date (or the last day payments could be made on time) for the earliest payment period an underpayment occurred. 1040x for dummies For example, if you had an underpayment for the first payment period, list your payments after April 15, 2013. 1040x for dummies You can use the table in the Form 2210 instructions to make your list. 1040x for dummies Follow those instructions for listing income tax withheld and payments made with your return. 1040x for dummies Use the list to determine when each underpayment was paid. 1040x for dummies   If you mail your estimated tax payments, use the date of the U. 1040x for dummies S. 1040x for dummies postmark as the date of payment. 1040x for dummies Line 1b. 1040x for dummies   Apply the payments listed to underpayment balance in the first column until it is fully paid. 1040x for dummies Apply payments in the order made. 1040x for dummies Figuring the penalty. 1040x for dummies   If an underpayment was paid in two or more payments on different dates, you must figure the penalty separately for each payment. 1040x for dummies On line 3 of the Penalty Worksheet enter the number of days between the due date (line 2) and the date of each payment on line 1b. 1040x for dummies On line 4 figure the penalty for the amount of each payment applied on line 1b or the amount remaining unpaid. 1040x for dummies If no payments are applied, figure the penalty on the amount on line 1a. 1040x for dummies Aid for counting days. 1040x for dummies    Table 4-1 provides a simple method for counting the number of days between a due date and a payment date. 1040x for dummies Find the number for the date the payment was due by going across to the column of the month the payment was due and moving down the column to the due date. 1040x for dummies In the same manner, find the number for the date the payment was made. 1040x for dummies Subtract the due date “number” from the payment date “number. 1040x for dummies ”   For example, if a payment was due on June 15 (61), but was not paid until September 1 (139), the payment was 78 (139 – 61) days late. 1040x for dummies Table 4-1. 1040x for dummies Calendar To Determine the Number of Days a Payment Is Late Instructions. 1040x for dummies Use this table with Form 2210 if you are completing Part IV, Section B. 1040x for dummies First, find the number for the payment due date by going across to the column of the month the payment was due and moving down the column to the due date. 1040x for dummies Then, in the same manner, find the number for the date the payment was made. 1040x for dummies Finally, subtract the due date number from the payment date number. 1040x for dummies The result is the number of days the payment is late. 1040x for dummies Example. 1040x for dummies The payment due date is June 15 (61). 1040x for dummies The payment was made on November 4 (203). 1040x for dummies The payment is 142 days late (203 – 61). 1040x for dummies Tax Year 2013 Day of 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2014 2014 2014 2014 Month April May June July Aug. 1040x for dummies Sept. 1040x for dummies Oct. 1040x for dummies Nov. 1040x for dummies Dec. 1040x for dummies Jan. 1040x for dummies Feb. 1040x for dummies Mar. 1040x for dummies Apr. 1040x for dummies 1   16 47 77 108 139 169 200 230 261 292 320 351 2   17 48 78 109 140 170 201 231 262 293 321 352 3   18 49 79 110 141 171 202 232 263 294 322 353 4   19 50 80 111 142 172 203 233 264 295 323 354 5   20 51 81 112 143 173 204 234 265 296 324 355 6   21 52 82 113 144 174 205 235 266 297 325 356 7   22 53 83 114 145 175 206 236 267 298 326 357 8   23 54 84 115 146 176 207 237 268 299 327 358 9   24 55 85 116 147 177 208 238 269 300 328 359 10   25 56 86 117 148 178 209 239 270 301 329 360 11   26 57 87 118 149 179 210 240 271 302 330 361 12   27 58 88 119 150 180 211 241 272 303 331 362 13   28 59 89 120 151 181 212 242 273 304 332 363 14   29 60 90 121 152 182 213 243 274 305 333 364 15 0 30 61 91 122 153 183 214 244 275 306 334 365 16 1 31 62 92 123 154 184 215 245 276 307 335   17 2 32 63 93 124 155 185 216 246 277 308 336   18 3 33 64 94 125 156 186 217 247 278 309 337   19 4 34 65 95 126 157 187 218 248 279 310 338   20 5 35 66 96 127 158 188 219 249 280 311 339   21 6 36 67 97 128 159 189 220 250 281 312 340   22 7 37 68 98 129 160 190 221 251 282 313 341   23 8 38 69 99 130 161 191 222 252 283 314 342   24 9 39 70 100 131 162 192 223 253 284 315 343   25 10 40 71 101 132 163 193 224 254 285 316 344   26 11 41 72 102 133 164 194 225 255 286 317 345   27 12 42 73 103 134 165 195 226 256 287 318 346   28 13 43 74 104 135 166 196 227 257 288 319 347   29 14 44 75 105 136 167 197 228 258 289   348   30 15 45 76 106 137 168 198 229 259 290   349   31   46   107 138   199   260 291   350   Annualized Income Installment Method (Schedule AI) If you did not receive your income evenly throughout the year (for example, your income from a shop you operated at a marina was much larger in the summer than it was during the rest of the year), you may be able to lower or eliminate your penalty by figuring your underpayment using the annualized income installment method. 1040x for dummies Under this method, your required installment (Part IV, line 18) for one or more payment periods may be less than one-fourth of your required annual payment. 1040x for dummies To figure your underpayment using this method, complete Form 2210, Schedule AI. 1040x for dummies Schedule AI annualizes your tax at the end of each payment period based on your income, deductions, and other items relating to events that occurred from the beginning of the tax year through the end of the period. 1040x for dummies If you use the annualized income installment method, you must check box C in Part II of Form 2210. 1040x for dummies Also, you must attach Form 2210 and Schedule AI to your return. 1040x for dummies If you use Schedule AI for any payment due date, you must use it for all payment due dates. 1040x for dummies Completing Schedule AI. 1040x for dummies   Follow the Form 2210 instructions to complete Schedule AI. 1040x for dummies For each period shown on Schedule AI, figure your income and deductions based on your method of accounting. 1040x for dummies If you use the cash method of accounting (used by most people), include all income actually or constructively received during the period and all deductions actually paid during the period. 1040x for dummies Note. 1040x for dummies Each period includes amounts from the previous period(s). 1040x for dummies Period (a) includes items for January 1 through March 31. 1040x for dummies Period (b) includes items for January 1 through May 31. 1040x for dummies Period (c) includes items for January 1 through August 31. 1040x for dummies Period (d) includes items for the entire year. 1040x for dummies Farmers and Fishermen If you are a farmer or fisherman, the following special rules for underpayment of estimated tax apply to you. 1040x for dummies The penalty for underpaying your 2013 estimated tax will not apply if you file your return and pay all the tax due by March 3, 2014. 1040x for dummies If you are a fiscal year taxpayer, the penalty will not apply if you file your return and pay the tax due by the first day of the third month after the end of your tax year. 1040x for dummies Any penalty you owe for underpaying your 2013 estimated tax will be figured from one payment due date, January 15, 2014. 1040x for dummies The underpayment penalty for 2013 is figured on the difference between the amount of 2013 withholding plus estimated tax paid by the due date and the smaller of: 662/3% (rather than 90%) of your 2013 tax, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2012 return. 1040x for dummies Even if these special rules apply to you, you will not owe the penalty if you meet either of the two conditions discussed under Exceptions . 1040x for dummies See Who Must Pay Estimated Tax in chapter 2 for the definition of a farmer or fisherman who is eligible for these special rules. 1040x for dummies Form 2210-F. 1040x for dummies   Use Form 2210-F to figure any underpayment penalty. 1040x for dummies Do not attach it to your return unless you check a box in Part I. 1040x for dummies However, if none of the boxes apply to you and you owe a penalty, you do not need to attach Form 2210-F. 1040x for dummies Enter the amount from line 16 on Form 1040, line 77 and add the penalty to any balance due on your return or subtract it from your refund. 1040x for dummies Keep your filled-in Form 2210-F for your records. 1040x for dummies    If none of the boxes on Form 2210-F apply to you and you owe a penalty, the IRS can figure your penalty and send you a bill. 1040x for dummies Waiver of Penalty The IRS can waive the penalty for underpayment if either of the following applies. 1040x for dummies You did not make a payment because of a casualty, disaster, or other unusual circumstance and it would be inequitable to impose the penalty. 1040x for dummies You retired (after reaching age 62) or became disabled in 2012 or 2013 and both the following requirements are met. 1040x for dummies You had a reasonable cause for not making the payment. 1040x for dummies Your underpayment was not due to willful neglect. 1040x for dummies How to request a waiver. 1040x for dummies   To request a waiver, see the Instructions for Form 2210. 1040x for dummies Farmers and fishermen. 1040x for dummies   To request a waiver, see the Instructions for Form 2210-F. 1040x for dummies Federally declared disaster. 1040x for dummies   Certain estimated tax payment deadlines for taxpayers who reside or have a business in a federally declared disaster area are postponed for a period during and after the disaster. 1040x for dummies During the processing of your tax return, the IRS automatically identifies taxpayers located in a covered disaster area (by county or parish) and applies the appropriate penalty relief. 1040x for dummies Do not file Form 2210 or 2210-F if your underpayment was due to a federally declared disaster. 1040x for dummies If you still owe a penalty after the automatic waiver is applied, we will send you a bill. 1040x for dummies   Individuals, estates, and trusts not in a covered disaster area but whose books, records, or tax professionals' offices are in a covered area are also entitled to relief. 1040x for dummies Also eligible are relief workers affiliated with a recognized government or charitable organization assisting in the relief activities in a covered disaster area. 1040x for dummies If you meet either of these eligibility requirements, you must call the IRS disaster hotline at 1-866-562-5227 and identify yourself as eligible for this relief. 1040x for dummies   Details on the applicable disaster postponement period can be found at IRS. 1040x for dummies gov. 1040x for dummies Enter Tax Relief in Disaster Situations. 1040x for dummies Select the federally declared disaster that affected you. 1040x for dummies    Worksheet 4-1. 1040x for dummies 2013 Form 2210, Schedule AI—Line 12 Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet Note. 1040x for dummies To figure the annualized entries for lines 2, 3, and 5 below, multiply the expected amount for the period by the  annualization amount on line 2 of Schedule AI for the same period. 1040x for dummies                   1. 1040x for dummies Enter line 11 of your Schedule AI, or line 3 from Worksheet 4-2 1. 1040x for dummies       2. 1040x for dummies Enter your annualized qualified dividends for the period 2. 1040x for dummies           3. 1040x for dummies Are you filing Schedule D?               □ Yes. 1040x for dummies Enter the smaller of your annualized amount from line 15 or line 16 of Schedule D. 1040x for dummies If either line 15 or line 16 is blank or a loss, enter -0-. 1040x for dummies 3. 1040x for dummies             □ No. 1040x for dummies Enter your annualized capital gain distributions from Form 1040, line 13             4. 1040x for dummies Add lines 2 and 3   4. 1040x for dummies           5. 1040x for dummies If you are claiming investment interest expense on Form 4952, enter your annualized amount from line 4g of that form. 1040x for dummies Otherwise, enter -0-   5. 1040x for dummies           6. 1040x for dummies Subtract line 5 from line 4. 1040x for dummies If zero or less, enter -0- 6. 1040x for dummies       7. 1040x for dummies Subtract line 6 from line 1. 1040x for dummies If zero or less, enter -0- 7. 1040x for dummies       8. 1040x for dummies Enter: $36,900 if single or married filing separately, $73,800 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er), $49,400 if head of household. 1040x for dummies 8. 1040x for dummies       9. 1040x for dummies Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 8 9. 1040x for dummies       10. 1040x for dummies Enter the smaller of line 7 or line 9 10. 1040x for dummies       11. 1040x for dummies Subtract line 10 from line 9. 1040x for dummies This amount is taxed at 0% 11. 1040x for dummies       12. 1040x for dummies Enter the smaller of line 1 or line 6 12. 1040x for dummies       13. 1040x for dummies Enter the amount from line 11 13. 1040x for dummies       14. 1040x for dummies Subtract line 13 from line 12 14. 1040x for dummies       15. 1040x for dummies Multiply line 14 by 15% (. 1040x for dummies 15) 15. 1040x for dummies   16. 1040x for dummies Figure the tax on the amount on line 7. 1040x for dummies If the amount on line 7 is less than $100,000, use the Tax Table in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions to figure this tax. 1040x for dummies If the amount on line 7 is $100,000 or more, use the Tax Computation Worksheet in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions 16. 1040x for dummies   17. 1040x for dummies Add lines 15 and 16 17. 1040x for dummies   18. 1040x for dummies Figure the tax on the amount on line 1. 1040x for dummies If the amount on line 1 is less than $100,000, use the Tax Table in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions to figure this tax. 1040x for dummies If the amount on line 1 is $100,000 or more, use the Tax Computation Worksheet in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions 18. 1040x for dummies   19. 1040x for dummies Tax on all taxable income. 1040x for dummies Enter the smaller of line 17 or line 18. 1040x for dummies Also enter this amount on line 12 of Schedule AI in the appropriate column. 1040x for dummies However, if you are using this worksheet to figure the tax on the amount on line 3 of Worksheet 4-2, enter the amount from line 19 on Worksheet 4-2, line 4 19. 1040x for dummies   Worksheet 4-2. 1040x for dummies 2013 Form 2210, Schedule AI—Line 12 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet Before you begin:If Schedule AI, line 11, is zero for the period, do not complete this worksheet. 1040x for dummies             1. 1040x for dummies Enter the amount from line 11 of Schedule AI for the period 1. 1040x for dummies   2. 1040x for dummies Enter the annualized amount* of foreign earned income and housing amount excluded or deducted (from  Form 2555, lines 45 and 50, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18) in figuring the amount entered for the period on line 1  of Schedule AI 2. 1040x for dummies   3. 1040x for dummies Add lines 1 and 2 3. 1040x for dummies   4. 1040x for dummies Tax on the amount on line 3. 1040x for dummies Use the Tax Table, Tax Computation Worksheet, Form 8615**, Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet***, or Schedule D Tax Worksheet***, whichever applies. 1040x for dummies See the 2013 Instructions for Form 1040, line 44, to find out which tax computation method to use. 1040x for dummies (Note. 1040x for dummies You do not have to use the same method for each period on Schedule AI. 1040x for dummies ) 4. 1040x for dummies   5. 1040x for dummies Tax on the amount on line 2. 1040x for dummies If the amount on line 2 is less than $100,000, use the Tax Table in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions to figure this tax. 1040x for dummies If the amount on line 7 is $100,000 or more, use the Tax Computation Worksheet in the 2013 Form 1040 instructions 5. 1040x for dummies   6. 1040x for dummies Subtract line 5 from line 4. 1040x for dummies Enter the result here and on line 12 of Schedule AI. 1040x for dummies If zero or less,  enter -0- 6. 1040x for dummies             * To figure the annualized amount for line 2, multiply the exclusion or deduction for the period by the annualization amount on line 2 of Schedule AI for the same period. 1040x for dummies     ** If you use Form 8615 to figure the tax on line 4 above, enter the amount from line 3 above on line 4 of Form 8615. 1040x for dummies If the child's parent files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, enter the amounts from lines 3 and 4 of the parent's Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet on lines 6 and 10, respectively, of Form 8615. 1040x for dummies Complete the rest of Form 8615 according to its instructions. 1040x for dummies Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. 1040x for dummies     *** Enter the amount from line 3 above on line 1 of the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (or Worksheet 4-1 in this chapter) or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, whichever worksheet you use to figure the tax on line 4 above. 1040x for dummies Complete that worksheet through line 6 (line 10 if you use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet). 1040x for dummies Next, determine if you have a capital gain excess. 1040x for dummies     Figuring capital gain excess. 1040x for dummies To find out if you have a capital gain excess for the appropriate period, subtract line 11 of Schedule AI from line 6 of Worksheet 4-1 or your Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (line 10 of your Schedule D Tax Worksheet). 1040x for dummies If the result is more than zero, that amount is your capital gain excess. 1040x for dummies     No capital gain excess. 1040x for dummies If you do not have a capital gain excess, complete the rest of Worksheet 4-1, Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet according to the worksheet's instructions. 1040x for dummies Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. 1040x for dummies     Capital gain excess. 1040x for dummies If you have a capital gain excess, complete a second Worksheet 4-1, Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or Schedule D Tax Worksheet (whichever applies) as instructed above but in its entirety and with the following additional modifications. 1040x for dummies Then complete lines 5 and 6 above. 1040x for dummies     Make the modifications below only for purposes of filling out Worksheet 4-2 above. 1040x for dummies     a. 1040x for dummies Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you otherwise would enter on line 3 of your Worksheet 4-1, line 3 of your Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or line 9 of your Schedule D Tax Worksheet by your capital gain excess. 1040x for dummies     b. 1040x for dummies Reduce (but not below zero) the amount you otherwise would enter on line 2 of your Worksheet 4-1, line 2 of your Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, or line 6 of your Schedule D Tax Worksheet by any of your capital gain excess not used in (a) above. 1040x for dummies     c. 1040x for dummies Reduce (but not below zero) the amount on your Schedule D (Form 1040), line 18, by your capital gain excess. 1040x for dummies     d. 1040x for dummies Include your capital gain excess as a loss on line 16 of your Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet in the 2013 Instructions for Schedule D (Form 1040). 1040x for dummies   Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Contact Your Local Taxpayer Advocate

The Taxpayer Advocate Service is your voice at the IRS. Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly, and that you know and understand your rights. We offer free help to guide you through the often-confusing process of resolving tax problems that you haven’t been able to solve on your own. Remember, the worst thing you can do is nothing at all.

TAS can help if you can’t resolve your problem with the IRS and:

  • Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business.
  • You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action.
  • You’ve tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded to you, or the IRS hasn’t responded by the date promised.

If you qualify for our help, we’ll do everything we can to get your problem resolved. You'll be assigned to one advocate who will be with you at every turn. Although TAS is independent within the IRS, our advocates know how to work with the IRS to get your problems resolved.

As a taxpayer, you have rights that the IRS must abide by in its dealings with you. Our tax toolkit can help you understand these rights.
 


Here’s how to reach your local Taxpayer Advocate Service office:

There’s also a list of offices in Publication 1546 ( English, Spanish), Taxpayer Advocate Service–Your Voice at the IRS
 

Virtual Tax Help

Need help but don’t have a Taxpayer Advocate Service office near you?  We have a new option!  TAS now offers help through video conferencing.  

How does this work?

You can go to a location in one of the cities listed below and use high-definition two-way video conferencing to get face-to-face help from a taxpayer advocate in another city.  Similar to talking to a case advocate in person, this allows you to discuss your tax matters in a private setting.

Available cities:

Toll-Free Assistance
You can also call this toll-free number to find out if TAS can help you: 1-877-777-4778 or TTY/TTD: 1-800-829-4059. 

You can file Form 911, Request for Taxpayer Advocate Service Assistance, with the Taxpayer Advocate Service, or ask an IRS employee to complete the form on your behalf. Fax or mail the form to your Local Taxpayer Advocate.

 

 

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 14-Mar-2014

The 1040x For Dummies

1040x for dummies Publication 721 - Additional Material Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications