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1040x 2008

How Much Does H And R Block Charge For Taxes2011 Form 1040x1040ez Form 2013Block At HomeMailing Address 1040ezStudent Tax ReturnsFiling 2011 Tax ReturnAmend Federal Tax ReturnFree State Filing TaxesCan I File An Amended Tax ReturnAmended Federal Tax ReturnFree 1040ez FilingTurbotax For Students FreeIrs Forms 1040ez InstructionsWww Myfreetaxes Com UnitedwaymhcIrs 1040ez FormCan I E File 1040xEz 10401040x Turbotax2010 Tax Form1040 Ez InstructionsHr Free FileAmend 2012 TaxesMy Free TaxTax Forms 1040ezTax Planning Us 2007 TaxesFree Filing Of State Taxes Online2012 Tax Return TurbotaxFree Tax Act 2011How To File 2012 Tax Return OnlineFree E File Tax ReturnHow Do I Get 2010 Tax FormsHow To Amend A Tax Form2012 Federal Income Tax FormsTax Ez FormI Want To File My 2012 Taxes OnlineIrs Form 1040 Ez 2013HrblockHandrblock FreeWww Irs Gov App Vita

1040x 2008

1040x 2008 Part Six -   Cómo Calcular los Impuestos y Créditos Los ocho capítulos de esta sección explican cómo calcular sus impuestos y cómo calcular los impuestos de determinados hijos con ingresos no derivados del trabajo de $2,000 o más. 1040x 2008 Explican también créditos tributarios que, a diferencia de las deducciones, se restan directamente de los impuestos y los disminuyen, dólar por dólar. 1040x 2008 El capítulo 36 trata sobre el crédito por ingreso del trabajo y el capítulo 37 abarca una amplia gama de otros créditos, como por ejemplo, el crédito por adopción. 1040x 2008 Table of Contents 30. 1040x 2008   Cómo Calcular los ImpuestosIntroduction Cómo Calcular los Impuestos Impuesto Mínimo Alternativo (AMT) Impuestos Calculados por el IRS Cómo Presentar la Declaración 31. 1040x 2008   Impuesto sobre Ingresos No Derivados del Trabajo de Determinados Hijos¿Que Hay de Nuevo? Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Cómo Saber si se Tiene que Utilizar la Declaración del Padre o de la MadrePadres que no Presentan la Declaración Conjunta Elección de los Padres de Declarar los Intereses y Dividendos del HijoConsecuencias de Incluir los Ingresos del Hijo Cómo Calcular los Ingresos del Hijo Cómo Calcular el Impuesto Adicional Impuesto para Determinados Hijos con Ingresos No Derivados del TrabajoCómo Facilitar Información sobre los Padres (líneas A-C del Formulario 8615) Paso 1. 1040x 2008 Cómo Calcular los Ingresos Netos No Derivados del Trabajo del Hijo (Parte I del Formulario 8615) Paso 2. 1040x 2008 Cómo Calcular el Impuesto Provisional a la Tasa Impositiva de los Padres (Parte II del Formulario 8615) Paso 3. 1040x 2008 Cómo Calcular el Impuesto del Hijo (Parte III del Formulario 8615) 32. 1040x 2008   Crédito por Gastos del Cuidado de Menores y DependientesRecordatorios Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Requisitos Para Reclamar el CréditoRequisitos de la Persona Calificada Requisito del Ingreso del Trabajo Requisito de Gastos Relacionados con el Trabajo Requisito de la Declaración Conjunta Requisito de Identificación del Proveedor de Cuidados Cómo Calcular el CréditoCómo Calcular el Total de los Gastos Relacionados con el Trabajo Límite del Ingreso del Trabajo Límite de Dinero Cantidad de Crédito Cómo Reclamar el CréditoCrédito tributario no reembolsable. 1040x 2008 Impuestos sobre la Nómina para Empleadores de Empleados Domésticos 33. 1040x 2008   Crédito para Ancianos o Personas IncapacitadasIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Reúne los Requisitos del Crédito?Persona que Reúne los Requisitos Límites sobre los Ingresos Cómo Reclamar el CréditoEl Crédito Calculado por el IRS El Crédito Calculado por Usted Mismo 34. 1040x 2008   Crédito Tributario por HijosIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Hijo Calificado Cantidad de CréditoLímites del Crédito Cómo Reclamar el Crédito Crédito Tributario Adicional por Hijos Cómo Completar el Anexo 8812 (Formulario 1040A o Formulario 1040)Parte I Partes II a IV 35. 1040x 2008   Créditos Tributarios por EstudiosIntroduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Quién Puede Reclamar un Crédito Tributario por Estudios? Gastos de Estudios CalificadosNo se Permite Beneficio Doble Ajustes a los Gastos de Estudios Calificados 36. 1040x 2008   Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo (EIC) Qué Hay de Nuevo Recordatorios Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: ¿Reúne los Requisitos para el Crédito?Si se Hizo una Solicitud Indebida del Crédito en un Año Anterior Parte A. 1040x 2008 Requisitos para TodosRequisito 1. 1040x 2008 Tiene que Tener Ingresos Brutos Ajustados Inferiores a: Requisito 2. 1040x 2008 Tiene que tener un número de Seguro Social válido Requisito 3. 1040x 2008 Su Estado Civil para Efectos de la Declaración no Puede Ser Casado que Presenta la Declaración por Separado Requisito 4. 1040x 2008 Tiene que Ser Ciudadano o Extranjero Residente de los Estados Unidos Durante Todo el Año Requisito 5. 1040x 2008 No Puede Presentar el Formulario 2555 ni el Formulario 2555-EZ Requisito 6. 1040x 2008 Tiene que Tener Ingresos de Inversiones de $3,300 o Menos Requisito 7. 1040x 2008 Tiene que Haber Recibido Ingresos del Trabajo Parte B. 1040x 2008 Requisitos si Tiene un Hijo CalificadoRequisito 8. 1040x 2008 Su Hijo Tiene que Cumplir los Requisitos de Parentesco, Edad, Residencia y de la Declaración Conjunta Requisito 9. 1040x 2008 Para Reclamar el Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo, Sólo una Persona Puede Basarse en el Hijo Calificado de Usted Requisito 10. 1040x 2008 Otro Contribuyente no Puede Reclamarlo a Usted como Hijo Calificado Parte C. 1040x 2008 Requisitos si no Tiene un Hijo CalificadoRequisito 11. 1040x 2008 Tiene que Tener por lo Menos 25 Años pero Menos de 65 Años Requisito 12. 1040x 2008 No Puede Ser el Dependiente de Otra Persona Requisito 13. 1040x 2008 Otro Contribuyente no Puede Reclamarlo a Usted como Hijo Calificado Requisito 14. 1040x 2008 Tiene que Haber Vivido en los Estados Unidos durante más de la Mitad del Año Parte D. 1040x 2008 Cómo Calcular y Reclamar el Crédito por Ingreso del TrabajoRequisito 15. 1040x 2008 Su Ingreso del Trabajo Tiene que Ser Menos de: El IRS Puede Calcularle el Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo Cómo Calcular Usted Mismo el Crédito por Ingreso del Trabajo EjemplosEjemplo 1. 1040x 2008 Juan y Julia Martínez (Formulario 1040A) Ejemplo 2. 1040x 2008 Carla Robles (Formulario 1040EZ) 37. 1040x 2008   Otros CréditosQué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Créditos no ReembolsablesCrédito por Adopción Crédito por Vehículo Motorizado Alternativo Crédito por Bienes de Reabastecimiento de Vehículos con Combustible Alternativo Crédito para Titulares de Bonos de Crédito Tributario Crédito por Impuestos Extranjeros Crédito por Intereses Hipotecarios Crédito no Reembolsable del Impuesto Mínimo de Años Anteriores Crédito por Vehículos Enchufables con Motor de Dirección Eléctrica Créditos por Energía de la Propiedad Residencial Crédito por Aportaciones a Cuentas de Ahorro para la Jubilación (Crédito del Ahorrador) Créditos ReembolsablesCrédito por el Impuesto sobre Ganancias de Capital no Distribuidas Crédito Tributario por Cobertura del Seguro Médico Crédito por Retención en Exceso del Impuesto del Seguro Social o del Impuesto de la Jubilación Ferroviaria Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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This list of tax products contains forms, instructions, and publications ranging from the current year back to 1864. All products have a revision date, showing the year each product was revised. 

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Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 28-Aug-2013

The 1040x 2008

1040x 2008 Publication 947 - Main Content Table of Contents Practice Before the IRSWhat Is Practice Before the IRS? Who Can Practice Before the IRS? Who Cannot Practice Before the IRS? How Does an Individual Become Enrolled? What Are the Rules of Practice? Authorizing a RepresentativeWhat Is a Power of Attorney? When Is a Power of Attorney Required? When Is a Power of Attorney Not Required? How Do I Fill Out Form 2848? What Happens to the Power of Attorney When Filed? How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs). 1040x 2008 Practice Before the IRS The Office of Professional Responsibility and the Return Preparer Office generally are responsible for administering and enforcing the regulations governing practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 The Office of Professional Responsibility generally has responsibility for matters related to practitioner conduct and exclusive responsibility for discipline, including disciplinary proceedings and sanctions. 1040x 2008 The Return Preparer Office is responsible for matters related to the authority to practice, including acting on applications for enrollment and administering competency testing and continuing education. 1040x 2008 What Is Practice Before the IRS? Practice before the IRS covers all matters relating to any of the following. 1040x 2008 Communicating with the IRS for a taxpayer regarding the taxpayer's rights, privileges, or liabilities under laws and regulations administered by the IRS. 1040x 2008 Representing a taxpayer at conferences, hearings, or meetings with the IRS. 1040x 2008 Preparing and filing documents, including tax returns, with the IRS for a taxpayer. 1040x 2008 Providing a client with written advice which has a potential for tax avoidance or evasion. 1040x 2008 Furnishing information at the request of the IRS or appearing as a witness for the taxpayer is not practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Who Can Practice Before the IRS? The following individuals can practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 However, any individual who is recognized to practice (a recognized representative) must be designated as the taxpayer's representative and file a written declaration with the IRS stating that he or she is authorized and qualified to represent a particular taxpayer. 1040x 2008 Form 2848 can be used for this purpose. 1040x 2008 Attorneys. 1040x 2008   Any attorney who is not currently under suspension or disbarment from practice before the IRS and who is a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of any state, possession, territory, commonwealth, or the District of Columbia may practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Certified public accountants (CPAs). 1040x 2008   Any CPA who is not currently under suspension or disbarment from practice before the IRS and who is duly qualified to practice as a CPA in any state, possession, territory, commonwealth, or the District of Columbia may practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Enrolled agents. 1040x 2008   Any enrolled agent in active status who is not currently under suspension or disbarment from practice before the IRS may practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Enrolled retirement plan agents. 1040x 2008   Any enrolled retirement plan agent in active status who is not currently under suspension or disbarment from practice before the IRS may practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 The practice of enrolled retirement plan agents is limited to certain Internal Revenue Code sections that relate to their area of expertise, principally those sections governing employee retirement plans. 1040x 2008 Enrolled actuaries. 1040x 2008   Any individual who is enrolled as an actuary by the Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries who is not currently under suspension or disbarment from practice before the IRS may practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 The practice of enrolled actuaries is limited to certain Internal Revenue Code sections that relate to their area of expertise, principally those sections governing employee retirement plans. 1040x 2008 Student. 1040x 2008    Under certain circumstances, a student who is supervised by a practitioner may request permission to represent another person before the IRS. 1040x 2008 For more information, see Authorization for special appearances, later. 1040x 2008 Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers. 1040x 2008   A registered tax return preparer is an individual who has passed an IRS competency test and is authorized to prepare and sign tax returns as the preparer. 1040x 2008 An unenrolled return preparer is an individual other than an attorney, CPA, enrolled agent, enrolled retirement plan agent, or enrolled actuary who prepares and signs a taxpayer's return as the preparer, or who prepares a return but is not required (by the instructions to the return or regulations) to sign the return. 1040x 2008   Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers may only represent taxpayers before revenue agents, customer service representatives, or similar officers and employees of the Internal Revenue Service (including the Taxpayer Advocate Service) during an examination of the taxable year or period covered by the tax return they prepared and signed. 1040x 2008 Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers cannot represent taxpayers, regardless of the circumstances requiring representation, before appeals officers, revenue officers, counsel or similar officers or employees of the Internal Revenue Service or the Department of Treasury. 1040x 2008 Registered tax return preparers and unenrolled return preparers cannot execute closing agreements, extend the statutory period for tax assessments or collection of tax, execute waivers, execute claims for refund, or sign any document on behalf of a taxpayer. 1040x 2008   If the unenrolled return preparer does not meet the requirements for limited representation, you may file Form 8821 to allow the preparer to inspect your tax information and receive copies of notices sent to you by the IRS. 1040x 2008 See Form 8821. 1040x 2008 Practice denied. 1040x 2008   Any individual engaged in limited practice before the IRS who is involved in disreputable conduct is subject to disciplinary action. 1040x 2008 Disreputable conduct includes, but is not limited to, the list of items under Incompetence and Disreputable Conduct shown later under What Are the Rules of Practice. 1040x 2008 Other individuals who may serve as representatives. 1040x 2008   Because of their special relationship with a taxpayer, the following individuals can represent the specified taxpayers before the IRS, provided they present satisfactory identification and, except in the case of an individual described in (1) below, proof of authority to represent the taxpayer. 1040x 2008 An individual. 1040x 2008 An individual can represent himself or herself before the IRS and does not have to file a written declaration of qualification and authority. 1040x 2008 A family member. 1040x 2008 An individual can represent members of his or her immediate family. 1040x 2008 Immediate family includes a spouse, child, parent, brother, or sister of the individual. 1040x 2008 An officer. 1040x 2008 A bona fide officer of a corporation (including a parent, subsidiary, or other affiliated corporation), association, or organized group can represent the corporation, association, or organized group. 1040x 2008 An officer of a governmental unit, agency, or authority, in the course of his or her official duties, can represent the organization before the IRS. 1040x 2008 A partner. 1040x 2008 A general partner may represent the partnership before the IRS. 1040x 2008 An employee. 1040x 2008 A regular full-time employee can represent his or her employer. 1040x 2008 An employer can be, but is not limited to, an individual, partnership, corporation (including a parent, subsidiary, or other affiliated corporation), association, trust, receivership, guardianship, estate, organized group, governmental unit, agency, or authority. 1040x 2008 A fiduciary. 1040x 2008 A fiduciary (trustee, executor, personal representative, administrator, receiver, or guardian) stands in the position of a taxpayer and acts as the taxpayer, not as a representative. 1040x 2008 See Fiduciary under When Is a Power of Attorney Not Required, later. 1040x 2008 Representation Outside the United States Any individual may represent an individual or entity, who is outside the United States, before personnel of the IRS when such representation occurs outside the United States. 1040x 2008 See section 10. 1040x 2008 7(c)(1)(vii) of Circular 230. 1040x 2008 Authorization for Special Appearances The Commissioner of Internal Revenue, or delegate, can authorize an individual who is not otherwise eligible to practice before the IRS to represent another person for a particular matter. 1040x 2008 The prospective representative must request this authorization in writing from the Office of Professional Responsibility. 1040x 2008 However, it is granted only when extremely compelling circumstances exist. 1040x 2008 If granted, the Commissioner, or delegate, will issue a letter that details the conditions related to the appearance and the particular tax matter for which the authorization is granted. 1040x 2008 The authorization letter should not be confused with a letter from an IRS center advising an individual that he or she has been assigned a Centralized Authorization File (CAF) number. 1040x 2008 The issuance of a CAF number does not indicate that an individual is either recognized or authorized to practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 It merely confirms that a centralized file for authorizations has been established for the individual under that number. 1040x 2008 Students in LITCs and the STCP. 1040x 2008   A student who works in a Low Income Taxpayer Clinic (LITC) or Student Tax Clinic Program (STCP) who is supervised by a practitioner may request permission to represent another person before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Authorization requests must be made to the Office of Professional Responsibility. 1040x 2008 If granted, a letter authorizing the student's special appearance and detailing any conditions related to the appearance will be issued. 1040x 2008 Students receiving an authorization letter generally can represent taxpayers before any IRS function or office subject to any conditions in the authorization letter. 1040x 2008 If you intend to have a student represent you, review the authorization letter and ask your student, your student's supervisor, or the Office of Professional Responsibility if you have questions about the terms of the authorization. 1040x 2008 Who Cannot Practice Before the IRS? In general, individuals who are not eligible or who have lost the privilege as a result of certain actions cannot practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 If an individual loses eligibility to practice, the IRS will not recognize a power of attorney that names the individual as a representative. 1040x 2008 Corporations, associations, partnerships, and other persons that are not individuals. 1040x 2008   These organizations (or persons) are not eligible to practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Loss of Eligibility Generally, individuals lose their eligibility to practice before the IRS in the following ways. 1040x 2008 Not meeting the requirements for renewal of enrollment (such as continuing professional education). 1040x 2008 Requesting to be placed in inactive retirement status. 1040x 2008 Being suspended or disbarred by the Office of Professional Responsibility for violating the regulations governing practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Failure to meet requirements. 1040x 2008   Individuals who fail to comply with the requirements for eligibility for renewal of enrollment will be notified by the IRS. 1040x 2008 The notice will explain the reason for noncompliance and provide the individual with an opportunity to furnish information for reconsideration. 1040x 2008 The individual has 60 days from the date of the notice to respond. 1040x 2008 Inactive roster. 1040x 2008   An individual will be placed on the roster of inactive individuals for a period of three years, if he or she: Fails to respond timely to the notice of noncompliance with the renewal requirements, Fails to file timely the application for renewal, or Does not satisfy the requirements of eligibility for renewal. 1040x 2008 The individual must file an application for renewal and satisfy all requirements for renewal after being placed in inactive status. 1040x 2008 Otherwise, at the conclusion of the next renewal cycle, he or she will be removed from the roster and the enrollment or registration terminated. 1040x 2008 Inactive retirement status. 1040x 2008   Individuals who request to be placed in an inactive retirement status will be ineligible to practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 They must continue to adhere to all renewal requirements. 1040x 2008 They can be reinstated to an active enrollment status by filing an application for renewal and providing evidence that they have completed the required continuing professional education hours for the enrollment cycle or registration year. 1040x 2008 Suspension and disbarment. 1040x 2008   Individuals authorized to practice before the IRS are subject to disciplinary proceedings and may be suspended or disbarred for violating any regulation governing practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 This includes engaging in acts of disreputable conduct. 1040x 2008 For more information, see Incompetence and Disreputable Conduct under What are the Rules of Practice, later. 1040x 2008   Practitioners who are suspended in a disciplinary proceeding are not allowed to practice before the IRS during the period of suspension. 1040x 2008 See What Is Practice Before the IRS, earlier. 1040x 2008   Practitioners who are disbarred in a disciplinary proceeding are not allowed to practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 However, a practitioner can seek reinstatement from the Office of Professional Responsibility five years after disbarment. 1040x 2008   If the practitioner seeks reinstatement, he or she may not practice before the IRS until the Office of Professional Responsibility authorizes reinstatement. 1040x 2008 The Office of Professional Responsibility may reinstate the practitioner if it is determined that: The practitioner's future conduct is not likely to be in violation of the regulations, and Granting the reinstatement would not be contrary to the public interest. 1040x 2008 How Does an Individual Become Enrolled? The Return Preparer Office can grant enrollment to practice before the IRS to an applicant who demonstrates special competence in tax matters by passing a written examination administered by the IRS. 1040x 2008 Enrollment also can be granted to an applicant who qualifies because of past service and technical experience in the IRS. 1040x 2008 In either case, certain application forms, discussed next, must be filed. 1040x 2008 Additionally, an applicant must not have engaged in any conduct that would justify suspension or disbarment from practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 See Incompetence and Disreputable Conduct, later. 1040x 2008 Form 2587. 1040x 2008   Applicants can apply to take the special enrollment examination by filing Form 2587, Application for Special Enrollment Examination. 1040x 2008 Form 2587 can be filed online, by mail, or by fax. 1040x 2008 For more information, see instructions and fees listed on the form. 1040x 2008 To get Form 2587, see How To Get Tax Help, later. 1040x 2008 Form 23 and Form 23-EP. 1040x 2008   Individuals who have passed the examination or are applying on the basis of past service and technical experience with the IRS can apply for enrollment by filing Form 23, Application for Enrollment to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service, or Form 23-EP, Application for Enrollment to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service as an Enrolled Retirement Plan Agent. 1040x 2008 The application must include a check or money order in the amount of the fee shown on Form 23 or Form 23-EP. 1040x 2008 Alternatively, payment may be made electronically pursuant to instructions on the forms. 1040x 2008 To get Form 23 or Form 23-EP, see How To Get Tax Help, later. 1040x 2008 Form 5434. 1040x 2008   An individual may apply as an enrolled actuary on the basis of past employment with the IRS and technical experience by filing Form 5434, Application for Enrollment, with the Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries. 1040x 2008 The application must include a check or money order in the amount of the fee shown on Form 5434. 1040x 2008 To get Form 5434, see How To Get Tax Help, later. 1040x 2008 Period of enrollment. 1040x 2008   An enrollment card will be issued to each individual whose enrollment application is approved. 1040x 2008 The individual is enrolled until the expiration date shown on the enrollment card or certificate. 1040x 2008 To continue practicing beyond the expiration date, the individual must request renewal of the enrollment by filing Form 8554, Application for Renewal of Enrollment to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service, or Form 8554-EP, Application for Renewal of Enrollment to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service as an Enrolled Retirement Plan Agent (ERPA). 1040x 2008 What Are the Rules of Practice? The rules governing practice before the IRS are published in the Code of Federal Regulations at 31 C. 1040x 2008 F. 1040x 2008 R. 1040x 2008 part 10 and reprinted in Treasury Department Circular No. 1040x 2008 230 (Circular 230). 1040x 2008 An attorney, CPA, enrolled agent, enrolled retirement plan agent, registered tax return preparer, or enrolled actuary authorized to practice before the IRS (referred to hereafter as a practitioner) has the duty to perform certain acts and is restricted from performing other acts. 1040x 2008 In addition, a practitioner cannot engage in disreputable conduct (discussed later). 1040x 2008 Any practitioner who does not comply with the rules of practice or engages in disreputable conduct is subject to disciplinary action. 1040x 2008 Also, unenrolled preparers must comply with the rules of practice and conduct to exercise the privilege of limited practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 See Publication 470 for a discussion of the special rules for limited practice by unenrolled preparers. 1040x 2008 Duties Practitioners must promptly submit records or information requested by officers or employees of the IRS, except when the practitioner believes on reasonable belief and good faith that the information is privileged. 1040x 2008 Communications with respect to tax advice between a federally authorized tax practitioner and a taxpayer generally are confidential to the same extent that communication would be privileged if it were between a taxpayer and an attorney if the advice relates to: Noncriminal tax matters before the IRS, or Noncriminal tax proceedings brought in federal court by or against the United States. 1040x 2008 Communications regarding corporate tax shelters. 1040x 2008   This protection of tax advice communications does not apply to any written communications between a federally authorized tax practitioner and any person, including a director, shareholder, officer, employee, agent, or representative of a corporation if the communication involves the promotion of the direct or indirect participation of the corporation in any tax shelter. 1040x 2008 Duty to advise. 1040x 2008   A practitioner who knows that his or her client has not complied with the revenue laws or has made an error or omission in any return, document, affidavit, or other required paper, has the responsibility to advise the client promptly of the noncompliance, error, or omission, and the consequences of the noncompliance, error, or omission. 1040x 2008 Due diligence. 1040x 2008   A practitioner must exercise due diligence when performing the following duties. 1040x 2008 Preparing or assisting in the preparing, approving, and filing of returns, documents, affidavits, and other papers relating to IRS matters. 1040x 2008 Determining the correctness of oral or written representations made by him or her to the Department of the Treasury. 1040x 2008 Determining the correctness of oral or written representations made by him or her to clients with reference to any matter administered by the IRS. 1040x 2008 Restrictions Practitioners are restricted from engaging in certain practices. 1040x 2008 The following paragraphs discuss some of these restricted practices. 1040x 2008 Delays. 1040x 2008   A practitioner must not unreasonably delay the prompt disposition of any matter before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Assistance from disbarred or suspended persons and former IRS employees. 1040x 2008   A practitioner must not knowingly, directly or indirectly, do the following. 1040x 2008 Accept assistance from, or assist, any person who is under disbarment or suspension from practice before the IRS if the assistance relates to matters considered practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Accept assistance from any former government employee where provisions of Circular 230 or any federal law would be violated. 1040x 2008 Performance as a notary. 1040x 2008   A practitioner who is a notary public and is employed as counsel, attorney, or agent in a matter before the IRS, or has a material interest in the matter, cannot engage in any notary activities related to that matter. 1040x 2008 Negotiations of taxpayer refund checks. 1040x 2008   Practitioners must not endorse or otherwise negotiate (cash) any refund check (including directing or accepting payment by any means, electronic or otherwise, in an account owned or controlled by the practitioner or any firm or other entity with whom the practitioner is associated) issued to the taxpayer. 1040x 2008 Incompetence and Disreputable Conduct Any practitioner or unenrolled return preparer may be disbarred or suspended from practice before the IRS, or censured, for incompetence or disreputable conduct. 1040x 2008 The following list contains examples of conduct that is considered disreputable. 1040x 2008 Being convicted of any criminal offense under the revenue laws or of any offense involving dishonesty or breach of trust. 1040x 2008 Knowingly giving false or misleading information in connection with federal tax matters, or participating in such activity. 1040x 2008 Soliciting employment by prohibited means as discussed in section 10. 1040x 2008 30 of Circular 230. 1040x 2008 Willfully failing to file a federal tax return, evading or attempting to evade any federal tax or payment, or participating in such actions. 1040x 2008 Misappropriating, or failing to properly and promptly remit, funds received from clients for payment of taxes or other obligations due the United States. 1040x 2008 Directly or indirectly attempting to influence the official action of IRS employees by the use of threats, false accusations, duress, or coercion, or by offering gifts, favors, or any special inducements. 1040x 2008 Being disbarred or suspended from practice as an attorney, CPA, public accountant, or actuary, by the District of Columbia or any state, possession, territory, commonwealth, or any federal court, or any federal agency, body, or board. 1040x 2008 Knowingly aiding and abetting another person to practice before the IRS during a period of suspension, disbarment, or ineligibility of that other person. 1040x 2008 Using abusive language, making false accusations and statements knowing them to be false, circulating or publishing malicious or libelous matter, or engaging in any contemptuous conduct in connection with practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Giving a false opinion knowingly, recklessly, or through gross incompetence; or following a pattern of providing incompetent opinions in questions arising under the federal tax laws. 1040x 2008 Censure, Disbarments, and Suspensions The Office of Professional Responsibility may censure or institute proceedings to censure, suspend or disbar any attorney, CPA, or enrolled agent who has violated Circular 230. 1040x 2008 A practitioner will be given the opportunity to demonstrate compliance with the rules before any disciplinary action is taken. 1040x 2008 Authorizing a Representative You may either represent yourself, or you may authorize an individual to represent you before the IRS. 1040x 2008 If you chose to have someone represent you, your representative must be a person eligible to practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 See Who Can Practice Before the IRS, earlier. 1040x 2008 What Is a Power of Attorney? A power of attorney is your written authorization for an individual to act on your behalf. 1040x 2008 If the authorization is not limited, the individual generally can perform all acts that you can perform. 1040x 2008 The authority granted to a registered tax return preparer or an unenrolled preparer is limited. 1040x 2008 For information on the limits regarding registered tax return preparers, see Circular 230 §10. 1040x 2008 3(f). 1040x 2008 For information on the limits regarding unenrolled preparers, see Publication 470. 1040x 2008 Acts performed. 1040x 2008   Any representative, other than a registered tax return preparer or an unenrolled return preparer, can usually perform the following acts. 1040x 2008 Represent you before any office of the IRS. 1040x 2008 Sign an offer or a waiver of restriction on assessment or collection of a tax deficiency, or a waiver of notice of disallowance of claim for credit or refund. 1040x 2008 Sign a consent to extend the statutory time period for assessment or collection of a tax. 1040x 2008 Sign a closing agreement. 1040x 2008 Signing your return. 1040x 2008   The representative named under a power of attorney is not permitted to sign your income tax return unless: The signature is permitted under the Internal Revenue Code and the related regulations (see Regulations section 1. 1040x 2008 6012-1(a)(5)). 1040x 2008 You specifically authorize this in your power of attorney. 1040x 2008 For example, the regulation permits a representative to sign your return if you are unable to sign the return due to: Disease or injury. 1040x 2008 Continuous absence from the United States (including Puerto Rico) for a period of at least 60 days prior to the date required by law for filing the return. 1040x 2008 Other good cause if specific permission is requested of and granted by the IRS. 1040x 2008 When a return is signed by a representative, it must be accompanied by a power of attorney (or copy) authorizing the representative to sign the return. 1040x 2008 For more information, see the Form 2848 instructions. 1040x 2008 Limitation on substitution or delegation. 1040x 2008   A recognized representative can substitute or delegate authority under the power of attorney to another recognized representative only if the act is specifically authorized by you on the power of attorney. 1040x 2008   After a substitution has been made, only the newly recognized representative will be recognized as the taxpayer's representative. 1040x 2008 If a delegation of power has been made, both the original and the delegated representative will be recognized by the IRS to represent you. 1040x 2008 Disclosure of returns to a third party. 1040x 2008   Your representative cannot execute consents that will allow the IRS to disclose tax return or return information to a third party unless you specifically delegate this authority to your representative on line 5 of Form 2848. 1040x 2008 Incapacity or incompetency. 1040x 2008   A power of attorney is generally terminated if you become incapacitated or incompetent. 1040x 2008   The power of attorney can continue, however, in the case of your incapacity or incompetency if you authorize this on line 5 “Other” of the Form 2848 and if your non-IRS durable power of attorney meets all the requirements for acceptance by the IRS. 1040x 2008 See Non-IRS powers of attorney, later. 1040x 2008 When Is a Power of Attorney Required? Submit a power of attorney when you want to authorize an individual to represent you before the IRS, whether or not the representative performs any of the other acts cited earlier under What Is a Power of Attorney. 1040x 2008 A power of attorney is most often required when you want to authorize another individual to perform at least one of the following acts on your behalf. 1040x 2008 Represent you at a meeting with the IRS. 1040x 2008 Prepare and file a written response to the IRS. 1040x 2008 Form Required Use Form 2848 to appoint a recognized representative to act on your behalf before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Individuals recognized to practice before the IRS are listed under Part II, Declaration of Representative, of Form 2848. 1040x 2008 Your representative must complete that part of the form. 1040x 2008 Non-IRS powers of attorney. 1040x 2008   The IRS will accept a non-IRS power of attorney, but a completed Form 2848 must be attached in order for the power of attorney to be entered on the Centralized Authorization File (CAF) system. 1040x 2008 For more information, see Processing a non-IRS power of attorney, later. 1040x 2008   If you want to use a power of attorney document other than Form 2848, it must contain the following information. 1040x 2008 Your name and mailing address. 1040x 2008 Your social security number and/or employer identification number. 1040x 2008 Your employee plan number, if applicable. 1040x 2008 The name and mailing address of your representative(s). 1040x 2008 The types of tax involved. 1040x 2008 The federal tax form number. 1040x 2008 The specific year(s) or period(s) involved. 1040x 2008 For estate tax matters, the decedent's date of death. 1040x 2008 A clear expression of your intention concerning the scope of authority granted to your representative(s). 1040x 2008 Your signature and date. 1040x 2008 You also must attach to the non-IRS power of attorney a signed and dated statement made by your representative. 1040x 2008 This statement, which is referred to as the Declaration of Representative, is contained in Part II of Form 2848. 1040x 2008 The statement should read: I am not currently under suspension or disbarment from practice before the Internal Revenue Service or other practice of my profession by any other authority, I am aware of the regulations contained in Circular 230, I am authorized to represent the taxpayer(s) identified in the power of attorney, and I am an individual described in 26 CFR 601. 1040x 2008 502(b). 1040x 2008 Required information missing. 1040x 2008   The IRS will not accept your non-IRS power of attorney if it does not contain all the information listed above. 1040x 2008 You can sign and submit a completed Form 2848 or a new non-IRS power of attorney that contains all the information. 1040x 2008 If you cannot sign an acceptable replacement document, your attorney-in-fact may be able to perfect (make acceptable to the IRS) your non-IRS power of attorney by using the procedure described next. 1040x 2008 Procedure for perfecting a non-IRS power of attorney. 1040x 2008   Under the following conditions, the attorney-in-fact named in your non-IRS power of attorney can sign a Form 2848 on your behalf. 1040x 2008 The original non-IRS power of attorney grants authority to handle federal tax matters (for example, general authority to perform any acts). 1040x 2008 The attorney-in-fact attaches a statement (signed under penalty of perjury) to the Form 2848 stating that the original non-IRS power of attorney is valid under the laws of the governing jurisdiction. 1040x 2008 Example. 1040x 2008 John Elm, a taxpayer, signs a non-IRS durable power of attorney that names his neighbor and CPA, Ed Larch, as his attorney-in-fact. 1040x 2008 The power of attorney grants Ed the authority to perform any and all acts on John's behalf. 1040x 2008 However, it does not list specific tax-related information such as types of tax or tax form numbers. 1040x 2008 Shortly after John signs the power of attorney, he is declared incompetent. 1040x 2008 Later, a federal tax matter arises concerning a prior year return filed by John. 1040x 2008 Ed attempts to represent John before the IRS but is rejected because the durable power of attorney does not contain required information. 1040x 2008 If Ed attaches a statement (signed under the penalty of perjury) that the durable power of attorney is valid under the laws of the governing jurisdiction, he can sign a completed Form 2848 and submit it on John's behalf. 1040x 2008 If Ed can practice before the IRS (see Who Can Practice Before the IRS, earlier), he can name himself as representative on Form 2848. 1040x 2008 Otherwise, he must name another individual who can practice before the IRS. 1040x 2008 Processing a non-IRS power of attorney. 1040x 2008   The IRS has a centralized computer database system called the CAF system. 1040x 2008 This system contains information on the authority of taxpayer representatives. 1040x 2008 Generally, when you submit a power of attorney document to the IRS, it is processed for inclusion on the CAF system. 1040x 2008 Entry of your power of attorney on the CAF system enables IRS personnel, who do not have a copy of your power of attorney, to verify the authority of your representative by accessing the CAF. 1040x 2008 It also enables the IRS to automatically send copies of notices and other IRS communications to your representative if you specify that your representative should receive those communications. 1040x 2008   You can have your non-IRS power of attorney entered on the CAF system by attaching it to a completed Form 2848 and submitting it to the IRS. 1040x 2008 Your signature is not required; however, your attorney-in-fact must sign the Declaration of Representative (see Part II of Form 2848). 1040x 2008 Preparation of Form — Helpful Hints The preparation of Form 2848 is illustrated by an example, later under How Do I Fill Out Form 2848. 1040x 2008 However, the following will also assist you in preparing the form. 1040x 2008 Line-by-line hints. 1040x 2008   The following hints are summaries of some of the line-by-line instructions for Form 2848. 1040x 2008 Line 1—Taxpayer information. 1040x 2008   If a joint return is involved, the husband and wife each file a separate Form 2848 if they both want to be represented. 1040x 2008 If only one spouse wants to be represented in the matter, that spouse files a Form 2848. 1040x 2008 Line 2—Representative(s). 1040x 2008   Only individuals may be named as representatives. 1040x 2008 If your representative has not been assigned a CAF number, enter “None” on that line and the IRS will issue one to your representative. 1040x 2008 If the representative's address or phone number has changed since the CAF number was issued, you should check the appropriate box. 1040x 2008 Enter your representative's fax number if available. 1040x 2008   If you want to name more than three representatives, attach additional Form(s) 2848. 1040x 2008 The IRS can send copies of notices and communications to two of your representatives. 1040x 2008 You must, however, check the boxes on line 2 of the Form 2848 if you want the IRS to routinely send copies of notices and communications to your representatives. 1040x 2008 If you do not check the boxes, your representatives will not routinely receive copies of notices and communications. 1040x 2008 Line 3—Tax matters. 1040x 2008   You may list any tax years or periods that have already ended as of the date you sign the power of attorney. 1040x 2008 However, you may include on a power of attorney only future tax periods that end no later than 3 years after the date the power of attorney is received by the IRS. 1040x 2008 The 3 future periods are determined starting after December 31 of the year the power of attorney is received by the IRS. 1040x 2008 However, avoid general references such as “all years” or “all taxes. 1040x 2008 ” Any Form 2848 with general references will be returned. 1040x 2008 Line 4—Specific use not recorded on Centralized Authorization File (CAF). 1040x 2008   Certain matters cannot be recorded on the CAF system. 1040x 2008 Examples of such matters include, but are not limited to, the following. 1040x 2008 Requests for a private letter ruling or technical advice. 1040x 2008 Applications for an employer identification number (EIN). 1040x 2008 Claims filed on Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement. 1040x 2008 Corporate dissolutions. 1040x 2008 Requests for change of accounting method. 1040x 2008 Requests for change of accounting period. 1040x 2008 Applications for recognition of exemption under sections 501(c)(3), 501(a), or 521 (Forms 1023, 1034, or 1028). 1040x 2008 Request for a determination of the qualified status of an employee benefit plan (Forms 5300, 5307, or 5310). 1040x 2008 Application for Award for Original Information under section 7623. 1040x 2008 Voluntary submissions under the Employee Plans Compliance Resolution System (EPCRS). 1040x 2008 Freedom of Information Act requests. 1040x 2008 If the tax matter described on line 3 of Form 2848 concerns one of these matters specifically, check the box on line 4. 1040x 2008 If this box is checked, the representative should mail or fax the power of attorney to the IRS office handling the matter. 1040x 2008 Otherwise, the representative should bring a copy of the power of attorney to each meeting with the IRS. 1040x 2008 Where To File a Power of Attorney Generally, you can mail or fax a paper Form 2848 directly to the IRS. 1040x 2008 To determine where you should file Form 2848, see Where To File in the instructions for Form 2848. 1040x 2008 If Form 2848 is for a specific use, mail or fax it to the office handling that matter. 1040x 2008 For more information on specific use, see the Instructions for Form 2848, line 4. 1040x 2008 FAX copies. 1040x 2008   The IRS will accept a copy of a power of attorney that is submitted by facsimile transmission (fax). 1040x 2008 If you choose to file a power of attorney by fax, be sure the appropriate IRS office is equipped to accept this type of transmission. 1040x 2008 Your representative may be able to file Form 2848 electronically via the IRS website. 1040x 2008 For more information, your representative can go to www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov and under the Tax Professionals tab, click on e-services–Online Tools for Tax Professionals. 1040x 2008 If you complete Form 2848 for electronic signature authorization, do not file Form 2848 with the IRS. 1040x 2008 Instead, give it to your representative, who will retain the document. 1040x 2008 Updating a power of attorney. 1040x 2008   Submit any update or modification to an existing power of attorney in writing. 1040x 2008 Your signature (or the signature of the individual(s) authorized to sign on your behalf) is required. 1040x 2008 Do this by sending the updated Form 2848 or non-IRS power of attorney to the IRS office(s) where you previously sent the original(s), including the center where the related return was, or will be filed. 1040x 2008   A recognized representative may substitute or delegate authority if you specifically authorize your representative to substitute or delegate representation in the original power of attorney. 1040x 2008 To make a substitution or delegation, the representative must file the following items with the IRS office(s) where the power of attorney was filed. 1040x 2008 A written notice of substitution or delegation signed by the recognized representative. 1040x 2008 A written declaration of representative made by the new representative. 1040x 2008 A copy of the power of attorney that specifically authorizes the substitution or delegation. 1040x 2008 Retention/Revocation of Prior Power(s) of Attorney A newly filed power of attorney concerning the same matter will revoke a previously filed power of attorney. 1040x 2008 However, the new power of attorney will not revoke the prior power of attorney if it specifically states it does not revoke such prior power of attorney and either of the following are attached to the new power of attorney. 1040x 2008 A copy of the unrevoked prior power of attorney, or A statement signed by the taxpayer listing the name and address of each representative authorized under the prior unrevoked power of attorney. 1040x 2008 Note. 1040x 2008 The filing of Form 2848 will not revoke any  Form 8821 that is in effect. 1040x 2008 Revocation of Power of Attorney/Withdrawal of Representative If you want to revoke an existing power of attorney and do not want to name a new representative, or if a representative wants to withdraw from representation, mail or fax a copy of the previously executed power of attorney to the IRS, or if the power of attorney is for a specific matter, to the IRS office handling the matter. 1040x 2008 If the taxpayer is revoking the power of attorney, the taxpayer must write “REVOKE” across the top of the first page with a current signature and date below this annotation. 1040x 2008 If the representative is withdrawing from the representation, the representative must write “WITHDRAW” across the top of the first page with a current signature and date below this annotation. 1040x 2008 If you do not have a copy of the power of attorney you want to revoke or withdraw, send a statement to the IRS. 1040x 2008 The statement of revocation or withdrawal must indicate that the authority of the power of attorney is revoked or withdrawn, list the matters and periods, and must be signed and dated by the taxpayer or representative as applicable. 1040x 2008 If the taxpayer is revoking, list the name and address of each recognized representative whose authority is revoked. 1040x 2008 When the taxpayer is completely revoking authority, the form should state “remove all years/periods” instead of listing the specific tax matter, years, or periods. 1040x 2008 If the representative is withdrawing, list the name, TIN, and address (if known) of the taxpayer. 1040x 2008 To revoke a specific use power of attorney, send the power of attorney or statement of revocation to the IRS office handling your case, using the above instructions. 1040x 2008 A power of attorney held by a student will be recorded on the CAF system for 130 days from the receipt date. 1040x 2008 If you are authorizing a student to represent you after that time, you will need to submit a current and valid Form 2848. 1040x 2008 When Is a Power of Attorney Not Required? A power of attorney is not required when the third party is not dealing with the IRS as your representative. 1040x 2008 The following situations do not require a power of attorney. 1040x 2008 Providing information to the IRS. 1040x 2008 Authorizing the disclosure of tax return information through Form 8821, Tax Information Authorization, or other written or oral disclosure consent. 1040x 2008 Allowing the IRS to discuss return information with a third party via the checkbox provided on a tax return or other document. 1040x 2008 Allowing a tax matters partner or person (TMP) to perform acts for the partnership. 1040x 2008 Allowing the IRS to discuss return information with a fiduciary. 1040x 2008 How Do I Fill Out Form 2848? The following example illustrates how to complete Form 2848. 1040x 2008 The two completed forms for this example are shown on the next pages. 1040x 2008 Example. 1040x 2008 Stan and Mary Doe have been notified that their joint tax returns (Forms 1040) for 2009, 2010, and 2011 are being examined. 1040x 2008 They have decided to appoint Jim Smith, an enrolled agent, to represent them in this matter and any future matters concerning these returns. 1040x 2008 Jim, who has prepared returns at the same location for years, already has a Centralized Authorization File (CAF) number assigned to him. 1040x 2008 Mary does not want Jim to sign any agreements on her behalf, but Stan is willing to have Jim do so. 1040x 2008 They want copies of all notices and written communications sent to Jim. 1040x 2008 This is the first time Stan and Mary have given power of attorney to anyone. 1040x 2008 They should each complete a Form 2848 as follows. 1040x 2008 Line 1—Taxpayer information. 1040x 2008   Stan and Mary must each file a separate Form 2848. 1040x 2008 On his separate Form 2848, Stan enters his name, street address, and social security number in the spaces provided. 1040x 2008 Mary does likewise on her separate Form 2848. 1040x 2008 Line 2—Representative(s). 1040x 2008   On their separate Forms 2848, Stan and Mary each enters the name and current address of their chosen representative, Jim Smith. 1040x 2008 Both Stan and Mary want Jim Smith to receive notices and communications concerning the matters identified in line 3, so on their separate Forms 2848, Stan and Mary each checks the box in the first column of line 2. 1040x 2008 They also enter Mr. 1040x 2008 Smith's CAF number, his telephone number, and his fax number. 1040x 2008 Mr. 1040x 2008 Smith's address, telephone number, and fax number have not changed since the IRS issued his CAF number, so Stan and Mary do not check the boxes in the second column. 1040x 2008 Line 3—Tax Matters. 1040x 2008   On their separate Forms 2848, Stan and Mary each enters “income” for the type of tax, “1040” for the form number, and “2009, 2010, and 2011” for the tax years. 1040x 2008 Line 4—Specific use not recorded on Centralized Authorization File (CAF). 1040x 2008   On their separate Forms 2848, Stan and Mary make no entry on this line because they do not want to restrict the use of their powers of attorney to a specific use that is not recorded on the CAF. 1040x 2008 See Preparation of Form — Helpful Hints, earlier. 1040x 2008 Line 5—Acts authorized. 1040x 2008   Mary wants to sign any agreement that reflects changes to her and Stan's joint 2009, 2010, and 2011 income tax liability, so she writes “Taxpayer must sign any agreement form” on line 5 of her Form 2848. 1040x 2008 Stan does not wish to restrict the authority of Jim Smith in this regard, so he leaves line 5 of his Form 2848 blank. 1040x 2008 If either Mary or Stan had chosen, they could have listed other restrictions on line 5 of their separate Forms 2848. 1040x 2008 Line 6—Retention/revocation of prior power(s) of attorney. 1040x 2008   Stan and Mary are each filing their first powers of attorney, so they make no entry on this line. 1040x 2008 However, if they had filed prior powers of attorney, the filing of this current power would revoke any earlier ones for the same tax matter(s) unless they checked the box on line 6 and attached a copy of the prior power of attorney that they wanted to remain in effect. 1040x 2008   If Mary later decides that she can handle the examination on her own, she can revoke her power of attorney even though Stan does not revoke his power of attorney. 1040x 2008 (See Revocation of Power of Attorney/Withdrawal of Representative, earlier, for the special rules that apply. 1040x 2008 ) Line 7—Signature of taxpayer. 1040x 2008   Stan and Mary each signs and dates his or her Form 2848. 1040x 2008 If a taxpayer does not sign, the IRS cannot accept the form. 1040x 2008 Part II—Declaration of Representative. 1040x 2008   Jim Smith must complete this part of Form 2848. 1040x 2008 If he does not sign this part, the IRS cannot accept the form. 1040x 2008 What Happens to the Power of Attorney When Filed? A power of attorney will be recognized after it is received, reviewed, and determined by the IRS to contain the required information. 1040x 2008 However, until a power of attorney is entered on the CAF system, IRS personnel may be unaware of the authority of the person you have named to represent you. 1040x 2008 Therefore, during this interim period, IRS personnel may request that you or your representative bring a copy to any meeting with the IRS. 1040x 2008 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x 2008 Please click the link to view the image. 1040x 2008 Filled-in Form 2848 - Page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x 2008 Please click the link to view the image. 1040x 2008 Filled-in Form 2848 - Page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x 2008 Please click the link to view the image. 1040x 2008 Filled-in Form 2848 - Page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040x 2008 Please click the link to view the image. 1040x 2008 Filled-in Form 2848 - Page 2 Processing and Handling How the power of attorney is processed and handled depends on whether it is a complete or incomplete document. 1040x 2008 Incomplete document. 1040x 2008   If Form 2848 is incomplete, the IRS will attempt to secure the missing information either by writing or telephoning you or your representative. 1040x 2008 For example, if your signature or signature date is missing, the IRS will contact you. 1040x 2008 If information concerning your representative is missing and information sufficient to make a contact (such as an address and/or a telephone number) is on the document, the IRS will try to contact your representative. 1040x 2008   In either case, the power of attorney is not considered valid until all required information is entered on the document. 1040x 2008 The individual(s) named as representative(s) will not be recognized to practice before the IRS, on your behalf, until the document is complete and accepted by the IRS. 1040x 2008 Complete document. 1040x 2008   If the power of attorney is complete and valid, the IRS will take action to recognize the representative. 1040x 2008 In most instances, this includes processing the document on the CAF system. 1040x 2008 Recording the data on the CAF system enables the IRS to direct copies of mailings to authorized representatives and to readily recognize the scope of authority granted. 1040x 2008 Documents not processed on CAF. 1040x 2008   Specific-use powers of attorney are not processed on the CAF system (see Preparation of Form – Helpful Hints, earlier). 1040x 2008 For example, a power of attorney that is a one-time or specific-issue grant of authority is not processed on the CAF system. 1040x 2008 These documents remain with the related case files. 1040x 2008 In this situation, you should check the box on line 4 of Form 2848. 1040x 2008 In these situations, the representative should bring a copy of the power of attorney to each meeting with the IRS. 1040x 2008 Dealing With the Representative After a valid power of attorney is filed, the IRS will recognize your representative. 1040x 2008 However, if it appears the representative is responsible for unreasonably delaying or hindering the prompt disposition of an IRS matter by failing to furnish, after repeated requests, nonprivileged information, the IRS can contact you directly. 1040x 2008 For example, in most instances in which a power of attorney is recognized, the IRS will contact the representative to set up appointments and to provide lists of required items. 1040x 2008 However, if the representative is unavailable, does not respond to repeated requests, and does not provide required items (other than items considered privileged), the IRS can bypass your representative and contact you directly. 1040x 2008 If a representative engages in conduct described above, the matter can be referred to the Office of Professional Responsibility for consideration of possible disciplinary action. 1040x 2008 Notices and other correspondence. 1040x 2008   If you have a recognized representative, you and the representative will routinely receive notices and other correspondence from the IRS (either the original or a copy) if you checked the box in the left column of line 2 of Form 2848. 1040x 2008 If the power of attorney is processed on the CAF system, the IRS will send your representative(s) a duplicate of all computer-generated correspondence that is sent to you. 1040x 2008 This includes notices and letters produced either at the Martinsburg Computing Center, or other IRS centers. 1040x 2008 The IRS employee handling the case is responsible for ensuring that the original and any requested copies of each manually-generated correspondence are sent to you and your representative(s) in accordance with your authorization. 1040x 2008 How To Get Tax Help You can get help with unresolved tax issues, order free publications and forms, ask tax questions, and get information from the IRS in several ways. 1040x 2008 By selecting the method that is best for you, you will have quick and easy access to tax help. 1040x 2008 Free help with your return. 1040x 2008   Free help in preparing your return is available nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. 1040x 2008 The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program is designed to help low and moderate income taxpayers and the Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program is designed to assist taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. 1040x 2008 Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. 1040x 2008 To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, visit IRS. 1040x 2008 gov or call 1-800-906-9887 or 1-800-829-1040. 1040x 2008   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. 1040x 2008 To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, call 1-888-227-7669 or visit AARP's website at www. 1040x 2008 aarp. 1040x 2008 org/money/taxaide. 1040x 2008   For more information on these programs, go to IRS. 1040x 2008 gov and enter keyword “VITA” in the upper right-hand corner. 1040x 2008 Internet. 1040x 2008 You can access the IRS website at IRS. 1040x 2008 gov 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to: E-file your return. 1040x 2008 Find out about commercial tax preparation and e-file services available free to eligible taxpayers. 1040x 2008 Check the status of your refund. 1040x 2008 Go to IRS. 1040x 2008 gov and click on Where's My Refund. 1040x 2008 Wait at least 72 hours after the IRS acknowledges receipt of your e-filed return, or 3 to 4 weeks after mailing a paper return. 1040x 2008 If you filed Form 8379 with your return, wait 14 weeks (11 weeks if you filed electronically). 1040x 2008 Have your tax return available so you can provide your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. 1040x 2008 Download forms, including talking tax forms, instructions, and publications. 1040x 2008 Order IRS products online. 1040x 2008 Research your tax questions online. 1040x 2008 Search publications online by topic or keyword. 1040x 2008 Use the online Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. 1040x 2008 View Internal Revenue Bulletins (IRBs) published in the last few years. 1040x 2008 Figure your withholding allowances using the withholding calculator online at www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/individuals. 1040x 2008 Determine if Form 6251 must be filed by using our Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) Assistant available online at www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/individuals. 1040x 2008 Sign up to receive local and national tax news by email. 1040x 2008 Get information on starting and operating a small business. 1040x 2008 Phone. 1040x 2008 Many services are available by phone. 1040x 2008   Ordering forms, instructions, and publications. 1040x 2008 Call 1-800-TAX -FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions, and publications, and prior-year forms and instructions. 1040x 2008 You should receive your order within 10 days. 1040x 2008 Asking tax questions. 1040x 2008 Call the IRS with your tax questions at 1-800-829-1040. 1040x 2008 Solving problems. 1040x 2008 You can get face-to-face help solving tax problems every business day in IRS Taxpayer Assistance Centers. 1040x 2008 An employee can explain IRS letters, request adjustments to your account, or help you set up a payment plan. 1040x 2008 Call your local Taxpayer Assistance Center for an appointment. 1040x 2008 To find the number, go to www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/localcontacts or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. 1040x 2008 TTY/TDD equipment. 1040x 2008 If you have access to TTY/TDD equipment, call 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or to order forms and publications. 1040x 2008 TeleTax topics. 1040x 2008 Call 1-800-829-4477 to listen to pre-recorded messages covering various tax topics. 1040x 2008 Refund information. 1040x 2008 To check the status of your refund, call 1-800-829-1954 or 1-800-829-4477 (automated refund information 24 hours a day, 7 days a week). 1040x 2008 Wait at least 72 hours after the IRS acknowledges receipt of your e-filed return, or 3 to 4 weeks after mailing a paper return. 1040x 2008 If you filed Form 8379 with your return, wait 14 weeks (11 weeks if you filed electronically). 1040x 2008 Have your tax return available so you can provide your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. 1040x 2008 If you check the status of your refund and are not given the date it will be issued, please wait until the next week before checking back. 1040x 2008 Other refund information. 1040x 2008 To check the status of a prior-year refund or amended return refund, call 1-800-829-1040. 1040x 2008 Evaluating the quality of our telephone services. 1040x 2008 To ensure IRS representatives give accurate, courteous, and professional answers, we use several methods to evaluate the quality of our telephone services. 1040x 2008 One method is for a second IRS representative to listen in on or record random telephone calls. 1040x 2008 Another is to ask some callers to complete a short survey at the end of the call. 1040x 2008 Walk-in. 1040x 2008 Many products and services are available on a walk-in basis. 1040x 2008   Products. 1040x 2008 You can walk in to many post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. 1040x 2008 Some IRS offices, libraries, grocery stores, copy centers, city and county government offices, credit unions, and office supply stores have a collection of products available to print from a CD or photocopy from reproducible proofs. 1040x 2008 Also, some IRS offices and libraries have the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, Internal Revenue Bulletins, and Cumulative Bulletins available for research purposes. 1040x 2008 Services. 1040x 2008 You can walk in to your local Taxpayer Assistance Center every business day for personal, face-to-face tax help. 1040x 2008 An employee can explain IRS letters, request adjustments to your tax account, or help you set up a payment plan. 1040x 2008 If you need to resolve a tax problem, have questions about how the tax law applies to your individual tax return, or you are more comfortable talking with someone in person, visit your local Taxpayer Assistance Center where you can spread out your records and talk with an IRS representative face-to-face. 1040x 2008 No appointment is necessary—just walk in. 1040x 2008 If you prefer, you can call your local Center and leave a message requesting an appointment to resolve a tax account issue. 1040x 2008 A representative will call you back within 2 business days to schedule an in-person appointment at your convenience. 1040x 2008 If you have an ongoing, complex tax account problem or a special need, such as a disability, an appointment can be requested. 1040x 2008 All other issues will be handled without an appointment. 1040x 2008 To find the number of your local office, go to  www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/localcontacts or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. 1040x 2008 Mail. 1040x 2008 You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. 1040x 2008 You should receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. 1040x 2008  Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. 1040x 2008 Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Taxpayer Advocate Service. 1040x 2008   The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. 1040x 2008 Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly, and that you know and understand your rights. 1040x 2008 We offer free help to guide you through the often-confusing process of resolving tax problems that you haven’t been able to solve on your own. 1040x 2008 Remember, the worst thing you can do is nothing at all. 1040x 2008   TAS can help if you can’t resolve your problem with the IRS and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. 1040x 2008 You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. 1040x 2008 You have tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS has not responded to you by the date promised. 1040x 2008   If you qualify for our help, we’ll do everything we can to get your problem resolved. 1040x 2008 You will be assigned to one advocate who will be with you at every turn. 1040x 2008 We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. 1040x 2008 Although TAS is independent within the IRS, our advocates know how to work with the IRS to get your problems resolved. 1040x 2008 And our services are always free. 1040x 2008   As a taxpayer, you have rights that the IRS must abide by in its dealings with you. 1040x 2008 Our tax toolkit at www. 1040x 2008 TaxpayerAdvocate. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov can help you understand these rights. 1040x 2008   If you think TAS might be able to help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your phone book and on our website at www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/advocate. 1040x 2008 You can also call our toll-free number at 1-877-777-4778 or TTY/TDD 1-800-829-4059. 1040x 2008   TAS also handles large-scale or systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. 1040x 2008 If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System at www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/advocate. 1040x 2008 Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs). 1040x 2008   Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) are independent from the IRS. 1040x 2008 Some clinics serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and who need to resolve a tax problem. 1040x 2008 These clinics provide professional representation before the IRS or in court on audits, appeals, tax collection disputes, and other issues for free or for a small fee. 1040x 2008 Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in many different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. 1040x 2008 For more information and to find a clinic near you, see the LITC page on www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/advocate or IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. 1040x 2008 This publication is also available by calling 1-800-829-3676 or at your local IRS office. 1040x 2008 Free tax services. 1040x 2008   Publication 910, IRS Guide to Free Tax Services, is your guide to IRS services and resources. 1040x 2008 Learn about free tax information from the IRS, including publications, services, and education and assistance programs. 1040x 2008 The publication also has an index of over 100 TeleTax topics (recorded tax information) you can listen to on the telephone. 1040x 2008 The majority of the information and services listed in this publication are available to you free of charge. 1040x 2008 If there is a fee associated with a resource or service, it is listed in the publication. 1040x 2008   Accessible versions of IRS published products are available on request in a variety of alternative formats for people with disabilities. 1040x 2008 DVD for tax products. 1040x 2008 You can order Publication 1796, IRS Tax Products DVD, and obtain: Current-year forms, instructions, and publications. 1040x 2008 Prior-year forms, instructions, and publications. 1040x 2008 Tax Map: an electronic research tool and finding aid. 1040x 2008 Tax law frequently asked questions. 1040x 2008 Tax Topics from the IRS telephone response system. 1040x 2008 Internal Revenue Code—Title 26 of the U. 1040x 2008 S. 1040x 2008 Code. 1040x 2008 Links to other Internet based Tax Research Materials. 1040x 2008 Fill-in, print, and save features for most tax forms. 1040x 2008 Internal Revenue Bulletins. 1040x 2008 Toll-free and email technical support. 1040x 2008 Two releases during the year. 1040x 2008  – The first release will ship the beginning of January. 1040x 2008  – The final release will ship the beginning of March. 1040x 2008 Purchase the DVD from National Technical Information Service (NTIS) at www. 1040x 2008 irs. 1040x 2008 gov/cdorders for $30 (no handling fee) or call 1-877-233-6767 toll free to buy the DVD for $30 (plus a $6 handling fee). 1040x 2008 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications