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1040ez Tax File

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1040ez Tax File

1040ez tax file Publication 51 - Additional Material Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Consumer Protection Offices

City, county, regional, and state consumer offices offer a variety of important services. They might mediate complaints, conduct investigations, prosecute offenders of consumer laws, license and regulate professional service providers, provide educational materials and advocate for consumer rights. To save time, call before sending a written complaint. Ask if the office handles the type of complaint you have and if complaint forms are provided.

State Consumer Protection Offices

Georgia Governors Office of Consumer Affairs

Website: Georgia Governors Office of Consumer Affairs

Address: Georgia Governors Office of Consumer Affairs
2 Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr., SE
Suite 356
Atlanta, GA 30334-9077

Phone Number: 404-651-8600

Toll-free: 1-800-869-1123 (GA)

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Banking Authorities

The officials listed in this section regulate and supervise state-chartered banks. Many of them handle or refer problems and complaints about other types of financial institutions as well. Some also answer general questions about banking and consumer credit. If you are dealing with a federally chartered bank, check Federal Agencies.

Department of Banking and Finance

Website: Department of Banking and Finance

Address: Department of Banking and Finance
2990 Brandywine Rd., Suite 200
Atlanta, GA 30341-5565

Phone Number: 770-986-1633

Toll-free: 1-888-986-1633 (GA)

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Insurance Regulators

Each state has its own laws and regulations for each type of insurance. The officials listed in this section enforce these laws. Many of these offices can also provide you with information to help you make informed insurance buying decisions.

Insurance and Safety Fire Commissioner

Website: Insurance and Safety Fire Commissioner

Address: Insurance and Safety Fire Commissioner
Two Martin Luther King, Jr., Dr.
West Tower, Suite 704
Atlanta, GA 30334

Phone Number: 404-656-2070

Toll-free: 1-800-656-2298 (GA)

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Securities Administrators

Each state has its own laws and regulations for securities brokers and securities - including stocks, mutual funds, commodities, real estate, etc. The officials and agencies listed in this section enforce these laws and regulations. Many of these offices can also provide information to help you make informed investment decisions.

Office of the Secretary of State

Website: Office of the Secretary of State

Address: Office of the Secretary of State
Division of Securities and Business Regulation
237 Coliseum Dr.
Macon, GA 31217-3858

Phone Number: 478-207-2440

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Utility Commissions

State Utility Commissions regulate services and rates for gas, electricity and telephones within your state. In some states, the utility commissions regulate other services such as water, transportation, and the moving of household goods. Many utility commissions handle consumer complaints. Sometimes, if a number of complaints are received about the same utility matter, they will conduct investigations.

Public Service Commission

Website: Public Service Commission

Address: Public Service Commission
Consumer Affairs Division
244 Washington St., SW
Atlanta, GA 30334

Phone Number: 404-656-4501

Toll-free: 1-800-282-5813 (GA)

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The 1040ez Tax File

1040ez tax file 12. 1040ez tax file   Business Deduction for Work-Related Education Table of Contents What's New Introduction Qualifying Work-Related EducationEducation Required by Employer or by Law Education To Maintain or Improve Skills Education To Meet Minimum Requirements Education That Qualifies You for a New Trade or Business What Expenses Can Be DeductedUnclaimed reimbursement. 1040ez tax file Transportation Expenses Travel Expenses No Double Benefit Allowed How To Treat ReimbursementsAccountable Plans Nonaccountable Plans Deducting Business ExpensesSelf-Employed Persons Employees Performing Artists and Fee-Basis Officials Impairment-Related Work Expenses Recordkeeping Illustrated Example What's New Standard mileage rate. 1040ez tax file  Generally, if you claim a business deduction for work-related education and you drive your car to and from school, the amount you can deduct for miles driven from January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013, is 56. 1040ez tax file 5 cents per mile. 1040ez tax file For more information, see Transportation Expenses under What Expenses Can Be Deducted, later. 1040ez tax file Introduction This chapter discusses work-related education expenses that you may be able to deduct as business expenses. 1040ez tax file To claim such a deduction, you must: Itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040 or 1040NR) if you are an employee, File Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business, Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Net Profit From Business, or Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming if you are self-employed, and Have expenses for education that meet the requirements discussed under Qualifying Work-Related Education , later. 1040ez tax file What is the tax benefit of taking a business deduction for work-related education. 1040ez tax file   If you are an employee and can itemize your deductions, you may be able to claim a deduction for the expenses you pay for your work-related education. 1040ez tax file Your deduction will be the amount by which your qualifying work-related education expenses plus other job and certain miscellaneous expenses (except for impairment-related work expenses of disabled individuals) is greater than 2% of your adjusted gross income. 1040ez tax file An itemized deduction reduces the amount of your income subject to tax. 1040ez tax file   If you are self-employed, you deduct your expenses for qualifying work-related education directly from your self-employment income. 1040ez tax file This reduces the amount of your income subject to both income tax and self-employment tax. 1040ez tax file   Your work-related education expenses may also qualify you for other tax benefits, such as the American opportunity and lifetime learning credits. 1040ez tax file You may qualify for these other benefits even if you do not meet the requirements listed above. 1040ez tax file   Also, your work-related education expenses may qualify you to claim more than one tax benefit. 1040ez tax file Generally, you may claim any number of benefits as long as you use different expenses to figure each one. 1040ez tax file Qualifying Work-Related Education You can deduct the costs of qualifying work-related education as business expenses. 1040ez tax file This is education that meets at least one of the following two tests. 1040ez tax file The education is required by your employer or the law to keep your present salary, status, or job. 1040ez tax file The required education must serve a bona fide business purpose of your employer. 1040ez tax file The education maintains or improves skills needed in your present work. 1040ez tax file However, even if the education meets one or both of the above tests, it is not qualifying work-related education if it: Is needed to meet the minimum educational requirements of your present trade or business, or Is part of a program of study that will qualify you for a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file You can deduct the costs of qualifying work-related education as a business expense even if the education could lead to a degree. 1040ez tax file Use Figure 12-1, Does Your Work-Related Education Qualify as a quick check to see if your education qualifies. 1040ez tax file Education Required by Employer or by Law Once you have met the minimum educational requirements for your job, your employer or the law may require you to get more education. 1040ez tax file This additional education is qualifying work-related education if all three of the following requirements are met. 1040ez tax file It is required for you to keep your present salary, status, or job, The requirement serves a bona fide business purpose of your employer, and The education is not part of a program that will qualify you for a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file When you get more education than your employer or the law requires, the additional education can be qualifying work-related education only if it maintains or improves skills required in your present work. 1040ez tax file See Education To Maintain or Improve Skills , later. 1040ez tax file Example. 1040ez tax file You are a teacher who has satisfied the minimum requirements for teaching. 1040ez tax file Your employer requires you to take an additional college course each year to keep your teaching job. 1040ez tax file If the courses will not qualify you for a new trade or business, they are qualifying work-related education even if you eventually receive a master's degree and an increase in salary because of this extra education. 1040ez tax file This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez tax file Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez tax file Figure 12-1 Education To Maintain or Improve Skills If your education is not required by your employer or the law, it can be qualifying work-related education only if it maintains or improves skills needed in your present work. 1040ez tax file This could include refresher courses, courses on current developments, and academic or vocational courses. 1040ez tax file Example. 1040ez tax file You repair televisions, radios, and stereo systems for XYZ Store. 1040ez tax file To keep up with the latest changes, you take special courses in radio and stereo service. 1040ez tax file These courses maintain and improve skills required in your work. 1040ez tax file Maintaining skills vs. 1040ez tax file qualifying for new job. 1040ez tax file   Education to maintain or improve skills needed in your present work is not qualifying education if it will also qualify you for a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file Education during temporary absence. 1040ez tax file   If you stop working for a year or less in order to get education to maintain or improve skills needed in your present work and then return to the same general type of work, your absence is considered temporary. 1040ez tax file Education that you get during a temporary absence is qualifying work-related education if it maintains or improves skills needed in your present work. 1040ez tax file Example. 1040ez tax file You quit your biology research job to become a full-time biology graduate student for 1 year. 1040ez tax file If you return to work in biology research after completing the courses, the education is related to your present work even if you do not go back to work with the same employer. 1040ez tax file Education during indefinite absence. 1040ez tax file   If you stop work for more than a year, your absence from your job is considered indefinite. 1040ez tax file Education during an indefinite absence, even if it maintains or improves skills needed in the work from which you are absent, is considered to qualify you for a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file Therefore, it is not qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file Education To Meet Minimum Requirements Education you need to meet the minimum educational requirements for your present trade or business is not qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file The minimum educational requirements are determined by: Laws and regulations, Standards of your profession, trade, or business, and Your employer. 1040ez tax file Once you have met the minimum educational requirements that were in effect when you were hired, you do not have to meet any new minimum educational requirements. 1040ez tax file This means that if the minimum requirements change after you were hired, any education you need to meet the new requirements can be qualifying education. 1040ez tax file You have not necessarily met the minimum educational requirements of your trade or business simply because you are already doing the work. 1040ez tax file Example 1. 1040ez tax file You are a full-time engineering student. 1040ez tax file Although you have not received your degree or certification, you work part time as an engineer for a firm that will employ you as a full-time engineer after you finish college. 1040ez tax file Although your college engineering courses improve your skills in your present job, they are also needed to meet the minimum job requirements for a full-time engineer. 1040ez tax file The education is not qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file Example 2. 1040ez tax file You are an accountant and you have met the minimum educational requirements of your employer. 1040ez tax file Your employer later changes the minimum educational requirements and requires you to take college courses to keep your job. 1040ez tax file These additional courses can be qualifying work-related education because you have already satisfied the minimum requirements that were in effect when you were hired. 1040ez tax file Requirements for Teachers States or school districts usually set the minimum educational requirements for teachers. 1040ez tax file The requirement is the college degree or the minimum number of college hours usually required of a person hired for that position. 1040ez tax file If there are no requirements, you will have met the minimum educational requirements when you become a faculty member. 1040ez tax file The determination of whether you are a faculty member of an educational institution must be made on the basis of the particular practices of the institution. 1040ez tax file You generally will be considered a faculty member when one or more of the following occurs. 1040ez tax file You have tenure. 1040ez tax file Your years of service count toward obtaining tenure. 1040ez tax file You have a vote in faculty decisions. 1040ez tax file Your school makes contributions for you to a retirement plan other than social security or a similar program. 1040ez tax file Example 1. 1040ez tax file The law in your state requires beginning secondary school teachers to have a bachelor's degree, including 10 professional education courses. 1040ez tax file In addition, to keep the job a teacher must complete a fifth year of training within 10 years from the date of hire. 1040ez tax file If the employing school certifies to the state Department of Education that qualified teachers cannot be found, the school can hire persons with only 3 years of college. 1040ez tax file However, to keep their jobs, these teachers must get a bachelor's degree and the required professional education courses within 3 years. 1040ez tax file Under these facts, the bachelor's degree, whether or not it includes the 10 professional education courses, is considered the minimum educational requirement for qualification as a teacher in your state. 1040ez tax file If you have all the required education except the fifth year, you have met the minimum educational requirements. 1040ez tax file The fifth year of training is qualifying work-related education unless it is part of a program of study that will qualify you for a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file Example 2. 1040ez tax file Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that you have a bachelor's degree and only six professional education courses. 1040ez tax file The additional four education courses can be qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file Although you do not have all the required courses, you have already met the minimum educational requirements. 1040ez tax file Example 3. 1040ez tax file Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that you are hired with only 3 years of college. 1040ez tax file The courses you take that lead to a bachelor's degree (including those in education) are not qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file They are needed to meet the minimum educational requirements for employment as a teacher. 1040ez tax file Example 4. 1040ez tax file You have a bachelor's degree and you work as a temporary instructor at a university. 1040ez tax file At the same time, you take graduate courses toward an advanced degree. 1040ez tax file The rules of the university state that you can become a faculty member only if you get a graduate degree. 1040ez tax file Also, you can keep your job as an instructor only as long as you show satisfactory progress toward getting this degree. 1040ez tax file You have not met the minimum educational requirements to qualify you as a faculty member. 1040ez tax file The graduate courses are not qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file Certification in a new state. 1040ez tax file   Once you have met the minimum educational requirements for teachers for your state, you are considered to have met the minimum educational requirements in all states. 1040ez tax file This is true even if you must get additional education to be certified in another state. 1040ez tax file Any additional education you need is qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file You have already met the minimum requirements for teaching. 1040ez tax file Teaching in another state is not a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file Example. 1040ez tax file You hold a permanent teaching certificate in State A and are employed as a teacher in that state for several years. 1040ez tax file You move to State B and are promptly hired as a teacher. 1040ez tax file You are required, however, to complete certain prescribed courses to get a permanent teaching certificate in State B. 1040ez tax file These additional courses are qualifying work-related education because the teaching position in State B involves the same general kind of work for which you were qualified in State A. 1040ez tax file Education That Qualifies You for a New Trade or Business Education that is part of a program of study that will qualify you for a new trade or business is not qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file This is true even if you do not plan to enter that trade or business. 1040ez tax file If you are an employee, a change of duties that involves the same general kind of work is not a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file Example 1. 1040ez tax file You are an accountant. 1040ez tax file Your employer requires you to get a law degree at your own expense. 1040ez tax file You register at a law school for the regular curriculum that leads to a law degree. 1040ez tax file Even if you do not intend to become a lawyer, the education is not qualifying because the law degree will qualify you for a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file Example 2. 1040ez tax file You are a general practitioner of medicine. 1040ez tax file You take a 2-week course to review developments in several specialized fields of medicine. 1040ez tax file The course does not qualify you for a new profession. 1040ez tax file It is qualifying work- related education because it maintains or improves skills required in your present profession. 1040ez tax file Example 3. 1040ez tax file While working in the private practice of psychiatry, you enter a program to study and train at an accredited psychoanalytic institute. 1040ez tax file The program will lead to qualifying you to practice psychoanalysis. 1040ez tax file The psychoanalytic training does not qualify you for a new profession. 1040ez tax file It is qualifying work-related education because it maintains or improves skills required in your present profession. 1040ez tax file Bar or CPA Review Course Review courses to prepare for the bar examination or the certified public accountant (CPA) examination are not qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file They are part of a program of study that can qualify you for a new profession. 1040ez tax file Teaching and Related Duties All teaching and related duties are considered the same general kind of work. 1040ez tax file A change in duties in any of the following ways is not considered a change to a new business. 1040ez tax file Elementary school teacher to secondary school teacher. 1040ez tax file Teacher of one subject, such as biology, to teacher of another subject, such as art. 1040ez tax file Classroom teacher to guidance counselor. 1040ez tax file Classroom teacher to school administrator. 1040ez tax file What Expenses Can Be Deducted If your education meets the requirements described earlier under Qualifying Work-Related Education you can generally deduct your education expenses as business expenses. 1040ez tax file If you are not self-employed, you can deduct business expenses only if you itemize your deductions. 1040ez tax file You cannot deduct expenses related to tax-exempt and excluded income. 1040ez tax file Deductible expenses. 1040ez tax file   The following education expenses can be deducted. 1040ez tax file Tuition, books, supplies, lab fees, and similar items. 1040ez tax file Certain transportation and travel costs. 1040ez tax file Other education expenses, such as costs of research and typing when writing a paper as part of an educational program. 1040ez tax file Nondeductible expenses. 1040ez tax file   You cannot deduct personal or capital expenses. 1040ez tax file For example, you cannot deduct the dollar value of vacation time or annual leave you take to attend classes. 1040ez tax file This amount is a personal expense. 1040ez tax file Unclaimed reimbursement. 1040ez tax file   If you do not claim reimbursement that you are entitled to receive from your employer, you cannot deduct the expenses that apply to that unclaimed reimbursement. 1040ez tax file Example. 1040ez tax file Your employer agrees to pay your education expenses if you file a voucher showing your expenses. 1040ez tax file You do not file a voucher and you do not get reimbursed. 1040ez tax file Because you did not file a voucher, you cannot deduct the expenses on your tax return. 1040ez tax file Transportation Expenses If your education qualifies, you can deduct local transportation costs of going directly from work to school. 1040ez tax file If you are regularly employed and go to school on a temporary basis, you can also deduct the costs of returning from school to home. 1040ez tax file Temporary basis. 1040ez tax file   You go to school on a temporary basis if either of the following situations applies to you. 1040ez tax file Your attendance at school is realistically expected to last 1 year or less and does indeed last for 1 year or less. 1040ez tax file Initially, your attendance at school is realistically expected to last 1 year or less, but at a later date your attendance is reasonably expected to last more than 1 year. 1040ez tax file Your attendance is temporary up to the date you determine it will last more than 1 year. 1040ez tax file If you are in either situation (1) or (2) above, your attendance is not temporary if facts and circumstances indicate otherwise. 1040ez tax file Attendance not on a temporary basis. 1040ez tax file   You do not go to school on a temporary basis if either of the following situations apply to you. 1040ez tax file Your attendance at school is realistically expected to last more than 1 year. 1040ez tax file It does not matter how long you actually attend. 1040ez tax file Initially, your attendance at school is realistically expected to last 1 year or less, but at a later date your attendance is reasonably expected to last more than 1 year. 1040ez tax file Your attendance is not temporary after the date you determine it will last more than 1 year. 1040ez tax file Deductible Transportation Expenses If you are regularly employed and go directly from home to school on a temporary basis, you can deduct the round-trip costs of transportation between your home and school. 1040ez tax file This is true regardless of the location of the school, the distance traveled, or whether you attend school on nonwork days. 1040ez tax file Transportation expenses include the actual costs of bus, subway, cab, or other fares, as well as the costs of using your car. 1040ez tax file Transportation expenses do not include amounts spent for travel, meals, or lodging while you are away from home overnight. 1040ez tax file Example 1. 1040ez tax file You regularly work in a nearby town, and go directly from work to home. 1040ez tax file You also attend school every work night for 3 months to take a course that improves your job skills. 1040ez tax file Since you are attending school on a temporary basis, you can deduct your daily round-trip transportation expenses in going between home and school. 1040ez tax file This is true regardless of the distance traveled. 1040ez tax file Example 2. 1040ez tax file Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that on certain nights you go directly from work to school and then home. 1040ez tax file You can deduct your transportation expenses from your regular work site to school and then home. 1040ez tax file Example 3. 1040ez tax file Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that you attend the school for 9 months on Saturdays, nonwork days. 1040ez tax file Since you are attending school on a temporary basis, you can deduct your round-trip transportation expenses in going between home and school. 1040ez tax file Example 4. 1040ez tax file Assume the same facts as in Example 1 except that you attend classes twice a week for 15 months. 1040ez tax file Since your attendance in school is not considered temporary, you cannot deduct your transportation expenses in going between home and school. 1040ez tax file If you go directly from work to school, you can deduct the one-way transportation expenses of going from work to school. 1040ez tax file If you go from work to home to school and return home, your transportation expenses cannot be more than if you had gone directly from work to school. 1040ez tax file Using your car. 1040ez tax file    If you use your car (whether you own or lease it) for transportation to school, you can deduct your actual expenses or use the standard mileage rate to figure the amount you can deduct. 1040ez tax file The standard mileage rate for miles driven from January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013, is 56. 1040ez tax file 5 cents per mile. 1040ez tax file Whichever method you use, you can also deduct parking fees and tolls. 1040ez tax file See Publication 463, chapter 4, for information on deducting your actual expenses of using a car. 1040ez tax file Travel Expenses You can deduct expenses for travel, meals (see 50% limit on meals , later), and lodging if you travel overnight mainly to obtain qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file Travel expenses for qualifying work-related education are treated the same as travel expenses for other employee business purposes. 1040ez tax file For more information, see chapter 1 of Publication 463. 1040ez tax file You cannot deduct expenses for personal activities such as sightseeing, visiting, or entertaining. 1040ez tax file Mainly personal travel. 1040ez tax file   If your travel away from home is mainly personal, you cannot deduct all of your expenses for travel, meals, and lodging. 1040ez tax file You can deduct only your expenses for lodging and 50% of your expenses for meals during the time you attend the qualified educational activities. 1040ez tax file   Whether a trip's purpose is mainly personal or educational depends upon the facts and circumstances. 1040ez tax file An important factor is the comparison of time spent on personal activities with time spent on educational activities. 1040ez tax file If you spend more time on personal activities, the trip is considered mainly educational only if you can show a substantial nonpersonal reason for traveling to a particular location. 1040ez tax file Example 1. 1040ez tax file John works in Newark, New Jersey. 1040ez tax file He traveled to Chicago to take a deductible 1-week course at the request of his employer. 1040ez tax file His main reason for going to Chicago was to take the course. 1040ez tax file While there, he took a sightseeing trip, entertained some friends, and took a side trip to Pleasantville for a day. 1040ez tax file Since the trip was mainly for business, John can deduct his round-trip airfare to Chicago. 1040ez tax file He cannot deduct his transportation expenses of going to Pleasantville. 1040ez tax file He can deduct only the meals (subject to the 50% limit) and lodging connected with his educational activities. 1040ez tax file Example 2. 1040ez tax file Sue works in Boston. 1040ez tax file She went to a university in Michigan to take a course for work. 1040ez tax file The course is qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file She took one course, which is one-fourth of a full course load of study. 1040ez tax file She spent the rest of the time on personal activities. 1040ez tax file Her reasons for taking the course in Michigan were all personal. 1040ez tax file Sue's trip is mainly personal because three-fourths of her time is considered personal time. 1040ez tax file She cannot deduct the cost of her round-trip train ticket to Michigan. 1040ez tax file She can deduct one-fourth of the meals (subject to the 50% limit) and lodging costs for the time she attended the university. 1040ez tax file Example 3. 1040ez tax file Dave works in Nashville and recently traveled to California to take a 2-week seminar. 1040ez tax file The seminar is qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file While there, he spent an extra 8 weeks on personal activities. 1040ez tax file The facts, including the extra 8-week stay, show that his main purpose was to take a vacation. 1040ez tax file Dave cannot deduct his round-trip airfare or his meals and lodging for the 8 weeks. 1040ez tax file He can deduct only his expenses for meals (subject to the 50% limit) and lodging for the 2 weeks he attended the seminar. 1040ez tax file Cruises and conventions. 1040ez tax file   Certain cruises and conventions offer seminars or courses as part of their itinerary. 1040ez tax file Even if the seminars or courses are work related, your deduction for travel may be limited. 1040ez tax file This applies to: Travel by ocean liner, cruise ship, or other form of luxury water transportation, and Conventions outside the North American area. 1040ez tax file   For a discussion of the limits on travel expense deductions that apply to cruises and conventions, see Luxury Water Travel and Conventions in chapter 1 of Publication 463. 1040ez tax file 50% limit on meals. 1040ez tax file   You can deduct only 50% of the cost of your meals while traveling away from home to obtain qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file If you were reimbursed for the meals, see How To Treat Reimbursements , later. 1040ez tax file   Employees must use Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ to apply the 50% limit. 1040ez tax file Travel as Education You cannot deduct the cost of travel as a form of education even if it is directly related to your duties in your work or business. 1040ez tax file Example. 1040ez tax file You are a French language teacher. 1040ez tax file While on sabbatical leave granted for travel, you traveled through France to improve your knowledge of the French language. 1040ez tax file You chose your itinerary and most of your activities to improve your French language skills. 1040ez tax file You cannot deduct your travel expenses as education expenses. 1040ez tax file This is true even if you spent most of your time learning French by visiting French schools and families, attending movies or plays, and engaging in similar activities. 1040ez tax file No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot do either of the following. 1040ez tax file Deduct work-related education expenses as business expenses if you benefit from these expenses under any other provision of the law, for example, as a tuition and fees deduction. 1040ez tax file Deduct work-related education expenses paid with tax-free scholarship, grant, or employer-provided educational assistance. 1040ez tax file See Adjustments to Qualifying Work-Related Education Expenses, next. 1040ez tax file Adjustments to Qualifying Work-Related Education Expenses If you pay qualifying work-related education expenses with certain tax-free funds, you cannot claim a deduction for those amounts. 1040ez tax file You must reduce the qualifying expenses by the amount of such expenses allocable to the tax-free educational assistance. 1040ez tax file Tax-free educational assistance. 1040ez tax file   This includes: The tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships (see Tax-Free Scholarships and Fellowships in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Pell grants (see Pell Grants and Other Title IV Need-Based Education Grants in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions). 1040ez tax file Employer-provided educational assistance (see chapter 11, Employer-Provided Educational Assistance ), Veterans' educational assistance (see Veterans' Benefits in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), and Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. 1040ez tax file Amounts that do not reduce qualifying work-related education expenses. 1040ez tax file   Do not reduce the qualifying work-related education expenses by amounts paid with funds the student receives as: Payment for services, such as wages, A loan, A gift, An inheritance, or A withdrawal from the student's personal savings. 1040ez tax file Also, do not reduce the qualifying work-related education expenses by any scholarship or fellowship reported as income on the student's return or any scholarship which, by its terms, cannot be applied to qualifying work-related education expenses. 1040ez tax file How To Treat Reimbursements How you treat reimbursements depends on the arrangement you have with your employer. 1040ez tax file There are two basic types of reimbursement arrangements—accountable plans and nonaccountable plans. 1040ez tax file You can tell the type of plan you are reimbursed under by the way the reimbursement is reported on your Form W-2. 1040ez tax file Note. 1040ez tax file The following rules about reimbursement arrangements also apply to expense allowances received from your employer. 1040ez tax file Accountable Plans To be an accountable plan, your employer's reimbursement arrangement must require you to meet all three of the following rules. 1040ez tax file Your expenses must have a business connection. 1040ez tax file This means your expenses must be deductible under the rules for qualifying work-related education explained earlier. 1040ez tax file You must adequately account to your employer for your expenses within a reasonable period of time. 1040ez tax file You must return any reimbursement or allowance in excess of the expenses accounted for within a reasonable period of time. 1040ez tax file If you are reimbursed under an accountable plan, your employer should not include any reimbursement in your income in box 1 of your Form W-2. 1040ez tax file If your employer included reimbursements in box 1 of your Form W-2 and you meet all three rules for accountable plans, ask your employer for a corrected Form W-2. 1040ez tax file Accountable plan rules not met. 1040ez tax file   Even though you are reimbursed under an accountable plan, some of your expenses may not meet all three rules for accountable plans. 1040ez tax file Those expenses that fail to meet the three rules are treated as having been reimbursed under a Nonaccountable Plan (discussed later). 1040ez tax file Expenses equal reimbursement. 1040ez tax file   Under an accountable plan, if your expenses equal your reimbursement, you do not complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. 1040ez tax file Because your expenses and reimbursements are equal, you do not have a deduction. 1040ez tax file Excess expenses. 1040ez tax file   If your expenses are more than your reimbursement, you can deduct your excess expenses. 1040ez tax file This is discussed later, under Deducting Business Expenses . 1040ez tax file Allocating your reimbursements for meals. 1040ez tax file   Because your excess meal expenses are subject to the 50% limit, you must figure them separately from your other expenses. 1040ez tax file If your employer paid you a single amount to cover both meals and other expenses, you must allocate the reimbursement so that you can figure your excess meal expenses separately. 1040ez tax file Make the allocation as follows. 1040ez tax file Divide your meal expenses by your total expenses. 1040ez tax file Multiply your total reimbursement by the result from (1). 1040ez tax file This is the allocated reimbursement for your meal expenses. 1040ez tax file Subtract the amount figured in (2) from your total reimbursement. 1040ez tax file The difference is the allocated reimbursement for your other expenses of qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file Example. 1040ez tax file Your employer paid you an expense allowance of $2,000 under an accountable plan. 1040ez tax file The allowance was to cover all of your expenses of traveling away from home to take a 2-week training course for work. 1040ez tax file There was no indication of how much of the reimbursement was for each type of expense. 1040ez tax file Your actual expenses equal $2,500 ($425 for meals + $700 lodging + $150 transportation expenses + $1,225 for books and tuition). 1040ez tax file Using the steps listed above, allocate the reimbursement between the $425 meal expenses and the $2,075 other expenses. 1040ez tax file   1. 1040ez tax file $425 meal expenses  $2,500 total expenses = . 1040ez tax file 17   2. 1040ez tax file $2,000 (reimbursement)×. 1040ez tax file 17     =$340 (allocated reimbursement for meal expenses)   3. 1040ez tax file $2,000 (reimbursement)−$340 (meals)     = $1,660 (allocated reimbursement for other qualifying work-related education expenses) Your excess meal expenses are $85 ($425 − $340) and your excess other expenses are $415 ($2,075 − $1,660). 1040ez tax file After you apply the 50% limit to your meals, you have a deduction for work-related education expenses of $458 (($85 × 50%) + $415). 1040ez tax file Nonaccountable Plans Your employer will combine the amount of any reimbursement or other expense allowance paid to you under a nonaccountable plan with your wages, salary, or other pay and report the total in box 1 of your Form W-2. 1040ez tax file You can deduct your expenses regardless of whether they are more than, less than, or equal to your reimbursement. 1040ez tax file This is discussed later under Deducting Business Expenses . 1040ez tax file An illustrated example of a nonaccountable plan, using Form 2106-EZ, is shown at the end of this chapter. 1040ez tax file Reimbursements for nondeductible expenses. 1040ez tax file   Reimbursements you received for nondeductible expenses are treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan. 1040ez tax file You must include them in your income. 1040ez tax file For example, you must include in your income reimbursements your employer gave you for expenses of education that: You need to meet the minimum educational requirements for your job, or Is part of a program of study that can qualify you for a new trade or business. 1040ez tax file   For more information on accountable and nonaccountable plans, see chapter 6 of Publication 463. 1040ez tax file Deducting Business Expenses Self-employed persons and employees report their business expenses differently. 1040ez tax file The following information explains what forms you must use to deduct the cost of your qualifying work-related education as a business expense. 1040ez tax file Self-Employed Persons If you are self-employed, you must report the cost of your qualifying work-related education on the appropriate form used to report your business income and expenses (generally Schedule C (Form 1040), Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), or Schedule F (Form 1040)). 1040ez tax file If your education expenses include expenses for a car or truck, travel, or meals, report those expenses the same way you report other business expenses for those items. 1040ez tax file See the instructions for the form you file for information on how to complete it. 1040ez tax file Employees If you are an employee, you can deduct the cost of qualifying work-related education only if you: Did not receive (and were not entitled to receive) any reimbursement from your employer, Were reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan (amount is included in box 1 of Form W-2), or Received reimbursement under an accountable plan, but the amount received was less than your expenses for which you claimed reimbursement. 1040ez tax file If either (1) or (2) applies, you can deduct the total qualifying cost. 1040ez tax file If (3) applies, you can deduct only the qualifying costs that were more than your reimbursement. 1040ez tax file In order to deduct the cost of your qualifying work-related education as a business expense, include the amount with your deduction for any other employee business expenses on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 7. 1040ez tax file (Special rules for expenses of certain performing artists and fee-basis officials and for impairment-related work expenses are explained later. 1040ez tax file ) This deduction (except for impairment-related work expenses of disabled individuals) is subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to most miscellaneous itemized deductions. 1040ez tax file Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. 1040ez tax file   To figure your deduction for employee business expenses, including qualifying work-related education, you generally must complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ. 1040ez tax file Form not required. 1040ez tax file   Do not complete either Form 2106 or 2106-EZ if: All reimbursements, if any, are included in box 1 of your Form W-2, and You are not claiming travel, transportation, meal, or entertainment expenses. 1040ez tax file   If you meet both of these requirements, enter the expenses directly on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 7. 1040ez tax file (Special rules for expenses of certain Performing Artists and Fee-Basis Officials and for Impairment-Related Work Expenses are explained later. 1040ez tax file ) Using Form 2106-EZ. 1040ez tax file   This form is shorter and easier to use than Form 2106. 1040ez tax file Generally, you can use this form if: All reimbursements, if any, are included in box 1 of your Form W-2, and You are using the standard mileage rate if you are claiming vehicle expenses. 1040ez tax file   If you do not meet both of these requirements, use Form 2106. 1040ez tax file Performing Artists and Fee-Basis Officials If you are a qualified performing artist, or a state (or local) government official who is paid in whole or in part on a fee basis, you can deduct the cost of your qualifying work-related education as an adjustment to gross income rather than as an itemized deduction. 1040ez tax file Include the cost of your qualifying work-related education with any other employee business expenses on Form 1040, line 24, or Form 1040NR, line 35. 1040ez tax file You do not have to itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040 or 1040NR), and, therefore, the deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. 1040ez tax file You must complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ to figure your deduction even if you meet the requirements described earlier under Form not required . 1040ez tax file For more information on qualified performing artists, see chapter 6 of Publication 463. 1040ez tax file Impairment-Related Work Expenses If you are disabled and have impairment-related work expenses that are necessary for you to be able to get qualifying work-related education, you can deduct these expenses on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28, or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 14. 1040ez tax file They are not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. 1040ez tax file To deduct these expenses, you must complete Form 2106 or 2106-EZ even if you meet the requirements described earlier under Form not required . 1040ez tax file For more information on impairment-related work expenses, see chapter 6 of Publication 463. 1040ez tax file Recordkeeping You must keep records as proof of any deduction claimed on your tax return. 1040ez tax file Generally, you should keep your records for 3 years from the date of filing the tax return and claiming the deduction. 1040ez tax file If you are an employee who is reimbursed for expenses and you give your records and documentation to your employer, you do not have to keep duplicate copies of this information. 1040ez tax file However, you should keep your records for a 3-year period if: You claim deductions for expenses that are more than your reimbursement, Your employer does not use adequate accounting procedures to verify expense accounts, You are related to your employer, or Your expenses are reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan. 1040ez tax file Examples of records to keep. 1040ez tax file   If any of the above cases apply to you, you must be able to prove that your expenses are deductible. 1040ez tax file You should keep adequate records or have sufficient evidence that will support your expenses. 1040ez tax file Estimates or approximations do not qualify as proof of an expense. 1040ez tax file Some examples of what can be used to help prove your expenses are: Documents, such as transcripts, course descriptions, catalogs, etc. 1040ez tax file , showing periods of enrollment in educational institutions, principal subjects studied, and descriptions of educational activity. 1040ez tax file Canceled checks and receipts to verify amounts you spent for: Tuition and books, Meals and lodging while away from home overnight for educational purposes, Travel and transportation, and Other education expenses. 1040ez tax file Statements from your employer explaining whether the education was necessary for you to keep your job, salary, or status; how the education helped maintain or improve skills needed in your job; how much reimbursement you received; and, if you are a teacher, the type of certificate and subjects taught. 1040ez tax file Complete information about any scholarship or fellowship grants, including amounts you received during the year. 1040ez tax file Illustrated Example Victor Jones teaches math at a private high school in North Carolina. 1040ez tax file He was selected to attend a 3-week math seminar at a university in California. 1040ez tax file The seminar will improve his skills in his current job and is qualifying work-related education. 1040ez tax file He was reimbursed for his expenses under his employer's nonaccountable plan, so his reimbursement of $2,100 is included in the wages shown in box 1 of his Form W-2. 1040ez tax file Victor will file Form 1040. 1040ez tax file His actual expenses for the seminar are as follows:   Lodging   $1,050     Meals   526     Airfare   550     Taxi fares   50     Tuition and books   400     Total Expenses   $2,576   Victor files Form 2106-EZ with his tax return. 1040ez tax file He shows his expenses for the seminar in Part I of the form. 1040ez tax file He enters $1,650 ($1,050 + $550 + $50) on line 3 to account for his lodging, airfare, and taxi fares. 1040ez tax file He enters $400 on line 4 for his tuition and books. 1040ez tax file On the line provided for total meals and entertainment expenses, Victor enters $526 for meal expenses. 1040ez tax file He multiplies that amount by 50% and enters the result, $263, on line 5. 1040ez tax file On line 6, Victor totals the amounts from lines 3 through 5. 1040ez tax file He carries the total, $2,313, to Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. 1040ez tax file Since he does not claim any vehicle expenses, Victor leaves Part II blank. 1040ez tax file His filled-in form is shown on the next page. 1040ez tax file This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez tax file Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez tax file Form 2106-EZ for V. 1040ez tax file Jones Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications