Filing Your Taxes Online is Fast, Easy and Secure.
Start now and receive your tax refund in as little as 7 days.

1. Get Answers

Your online questions are customized to your unique tax situation.

2. Maximize your Refund

Find tax credits for everything from school tuition to buying a hybri

3. E-File for FREE

E-file free with direct deposit to get your refund in as few as 7 days.

Filing your taxes with paper mail can be difficult and it could take weeks for your refund to arrive. IRS e-file is easy, fast and secure. There is no paperwork going to the IRS so tax refunds can be processed in as little as 7 days with direct deposit. As you prepare your taxes online, you can see your tax refund in real time.

FREE audit support and representation from an enrolled agent – NEW and only from H&R Block

1040ez Form And Instructions

Federal Income Tax Rates 2012Tax CutI Need Tax Instruction Booklet For 1040ezH&r Block Free Tax For MilitaryFree 1040ez FilingFiling Back State TaxesFree State Income Tax ReturnIrs 2012 Tax Forms 1040H&r Block Coupons 2012 PrintableAmend 2012 Tax Return1040 Tax Forms PrintableBuy Turbotax 20112012 Federal Tax Return FormsHow To File An Amended Tax Return For 2013Efile Taxes FreeFilling Out 1040x Online1040ez Tax Form 2010Free State Tax Preparation And FilingMichigan 1040ez 2013Irs Tax ExtensionHr Block 2010 DownloadWww Irs Gov EitcCheap State Taxes OnlineEz 1040 FormIrs 1040x1040 Nr SoftwareFree File State And Federal Taxes OnlineIrs Amended Return FormTax Easy FormAmend 2012 Tax Return Free1040ez File OnlineIrs Tax Return Forms 20122010 Tax Filing SoftwareTaxact FreeHow To File 2011 Income Tax1040 Ez Tax TableTax Act Online 2011Free Online State TaxHow To Fill Out The 1040ezTax Planning Us 1040ez

1040ez Form And Instructions

1040ez form and instructions Publication 557 - Additional Material Table of Contents Appendix. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Articles of Organization, continued Organization Reference Chart Section of 1986 Code Description of organization General nature of activities Application  Form Annual return required to be  filed Contributions  allowable 501(c)(1) Corporations Organized under Act of Congress (including Federal Credit Unions) Instrumentalities of the  United States No Form None Yes, if made for exclusively public purposes 501(c)(2) Title Holding Corporation For Exempt Organization Holding title to property of an  exempt organization 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(3) Religious, Educational, Charitable, Scientific, Literary, Testing for Public Safety, to Foster National or International Amateur Sports Competition, or Prevention of Cruelty to Children or Animals Organizations Activities of nature implied by description of class of organization 1023 9901 or 990-EZ8, or 990-PF Yes, generally 501(c)(4) Civic Leagues, Social Welfare Organizations, and Local Associations of Employees Promotion of community welfare; charitable, educational, or recreational 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No, generally 2, 3 501(c)(5) Labor, Agricultural, and Horticultural Organizations Educational or instructive, the  purpose being to improve conditions of work, and to improve products of efficiency 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(6) Business Leagues, Chambers of Commerce, Real Estate Boards, etc. 1040ez form and instructions Improvement of business  conditions of one or more lines of business 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(7) Social and Recreational Clubs Pleasure, recreation, social activities 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(8) Fraternal Beneficiary Societies  and Associations Lodge providing for payment of life, sickness, accident or other benefits  to members 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 Yes, if for certain Sec. 1040ez form and instructions 501(c)(3) purposes 501(c)(9) Voluntary Employees Beneficiary Associations Providing for payment of life, sickness, accident, or other benefits to members 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(10) Domestic Fraternal Societies  and Associations Lodge devoting its net earnings to charitable, fraternal, and other  specified purposes. 1040ez form and instructions No life, sickness, or accident benefits to members 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 Yes, if for certain Sec. 1040ez form and instructions 501(c)(3) purposes 501(c)(11) Teachers' Retirement Fund Associations Teachers' association for payment of retirement benefits Letter6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(12) Benevolent Life Insurance Associations, Mutual Ditch or  Irrigation Companies, Mutual or Cooperative Telephone Companies, etc. 1040ez form and instructions Activities of a mutually beneficial  nature similar to those implied by the description of class of organization 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(13) Cemetery Companies Burials and incidental activities 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 Yes, generally 501(c)(14) State-Chartered Credit Unions,  Mutual Reserve Funds Loans to members Letter6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(15) Mutual Insurance Companies or Associations Providing insurance to members substantially at cost 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(16) Cooperative Organizations to  Finance Crop Operations Financing crop operations in  conjunction with activities of a marketing  or purchasing association Form 1120-C6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(17) Supplemental Unemployment  Benefit Trusts Provides for payment of  supplemental unemployment compensation benefits 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(18) Employee Funded Pension Trust (created before June 25, 1959) Payment of benefits under a  pension plan funded by employees Letter6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No2 501(c)(19) Post or Organization of Past or  Present Members of the Armed Forces Activities implied by nature of organization 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No, generally7 501(c)(21) Black Lung Benefit Trusts Funded by coal mine operators to satisfy their liability for disability or  death due to black lung diseases Letter6 990-BL No4 501(c)(22) Withdrawal Liability Payment Fund To provide funds to meet the  liability of employers withdrawing from  a multi-employer pension fund Letter6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No5 501(c)(23) Veterans' Organization (created before 1880) To provide insurance and other  benefits to veterans Letter6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No, generally7 501(c)(25) Title Holding Corporations or Trusts with Multiple Parent Corporations Holding title and paying over  income from property to 35 or fewer parents or beneficiaries 1024 9901 or 990-EZ8 No 501(c)(26) State-Sponsored Organization Providing Health Coverage for High-Risk Individuals Provides health care coverage to high-risk individuals Letter6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No 501(c)(27) State-Sponsored Workers' Compensation Reinsurance Organization Reimburses members for losses  under workers' compensation acts Letter6 9901 or 990-EZ8 No 501(c)(28) National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust Manages and invests the assets of the Railroad Retirement Account No Form 99011 No11 501(c)(29) CO-OP health insurance issuers A qualified health insurance issuer which has received a loan or grant under the CO-OP program Letter and Form 871814 9901 No13 501(d) Religious and Apostolic Associations Regular business activities;  Communal religious community No Form 10659 No2 501(e) Cooperative Hospital Service Organizations Performs cooperative services for hospitals 1023 9901 or 990-EZ8 Yes 501(f) Cooperative Service Organizations  of Operating Educational Organizations Performs collective investment  services for educational organizations 1023 9901 or 990-EZ8 Yes 501(k) Child Care Organizations Provides care for children 1023 9901 or 990-EZ8 Yes 501(n) Charitable Risk Pools Pools certain insurance risks of sec. 1040ez form and instructions 501(c)(3) organizations 1023 9901 or 990-EZ8 Yes 501(q) Credit Counseling Organization Credit counseling services 1023 102312 No 521(a) Farmers' Cooperative Associations Cooperative marketing and  purchasing for agricultural procedures 1028 1120-C No 527 Political organizations A party, committee, fund,  association, etc. 1040ez form and instructions , that directly or indirectly accepts contributions or makes expenditures for political campaigns 8871 1120-POL10 9901 or 990-EZ8 No 1For exceptions to the filing requirement, see chapter 2 and the form instructions. 1040ez form and instructions Note: For annual tax periods beginning after 2006, most tax-exempt organizations, other than churches, are required to file an annual Form 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF with the IRS or to submit an annual electronic notice, Form 990-N (e-Postcard), to the IRS. 1040ez form and instructions Tax-exempt organizations failing to file an annual return or submit an annual notice as required for 3 consecutive years will automatically lose their tax-exempt status. 1040ez form and instructions    2An organization exempt under a subsection of section 501 other than 501(c)(3) can establish a charitable fund, contributions to which are deductible. 1040ez form and instructions Such a fund must itself meet the requirements of section 501(c)(3) and the related notice requirements of section 508(a). 1040ez form and instructions    3Contributions to volunteer fire companies and similar organizations are deductible, but only if made for exclusively public purposes. 1040ez form and instructions    4Deductible as a business expense to the extent allowed by section 192. 1040ez form and instructions    5Deductible as a business expense to the extent allowed by section 194A. 1040ez form and instructions 6Application is by letter to the address shown on Form 8718. 1040ez form and instructions A copy of the organizing document should be attached and the letter should be signed by an officer. 1040ez form and instructions    7Contributions to these organizations are deductible only if 90% or more of the organization's members are war veterans. 1040ez form and instructions    8For limits on the use of Form 990-EZ, see chapter 2 and the general instructions for Form 990-EZ (or Form 990). 1040ez form and instructions    9Although the organization files a partnership return, all distributions are deemed dividends. 1040ez form and instructions The members are not entitled to pass through treatment of the organization's income or expenses. 1040ez form and instructions    10Form 1120-POL is required only if the organization has taxable income as defined in section 527(c). 1040ez form and instructions    11Only required to annually file so much of the Form 990 that relates to the names and addresses of the officers, directors, trustees, and key employees, and their titles, compensation, and hours devoted to their positions (Part VII of Form 990), and to complete Item I in the Heading of Form 990 to confirm its tax-exempt status under section 501(c)(28). 1040ez form and instructions    12See section 501(q) if the organization provides credit counseling services and seeks recognition of exemption under section 501(c)(4). 1040ez form and instructions Use Form 1024 if applying for recognition under section 501(c)(4). 1040ez form and instructions    13See section 501(c)(29) for details. 1040ez form and instructions    14See Revenue Procedure 2012-11, sec. 1040ez form and instructions 4. 1040ez form and instructions 01, 2012-7 I. 1040ez form and instructions R. 1040ez form and instructions B. 1040ez form and instructions 368, for details. 1040ez form and instructions Appendix. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Articles of Organization The following are examples of Articles of Incorporation (Draft A) and a declaration of trust (Draft B) that contain the required information as to purposes and powers of an organization and disposition of its assets upon dissolution. 1040ez form and instructions You should bear in mind that requirements for these instruments may vary under applicable state law. 1040ez form and instructions See Private Foundations and Public Charities , earlier for the special provisions required in a private foundation's governing instrument in order for it to qualify for exemption. 1040ez form and instructions DRAFT A  Articles of Incorporation of the undersigned, a majority of whom are citizens of the United States, desiring to form a Non-Profit Corporation under the Non-Profit Corporation Law of , do hereby certify: First: The name of the Corporation shall be . 1040ez form and instructions Second: The place in this state where the principal office of the Corporation is to be located is the City of , County. 1040ez form and instructions Third: Said corporation is organized exclusively for charitable, religious, educational, and scientific purposes, including, for such purposes, the making of distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code. 1040ez form and instructions Fourth: The names and addresses of the persons who are the initial trustees of the corporation are as follows: Name , Address Fifth: No part of the net earnings of the corporation shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to its members, trustees, officers, or other private persons, except that the corporation shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purposes set forth in Article Third hereof. 1040ez form and instructions No substantial part of the activities of the corporation shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and the corporation shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements) any political campaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office. 1040ez form and instructions Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, the corporation shall not carry on any other activities not permitted to be carried on (a) by a corporation exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code, or (b) by a corporation, contributions to which are deductible under section 170(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code. 1040ez form and instructions   If reference to federal law in articles of incorporation imposes a limitation that is invalid in your state, you may wish to substitute the following for the last sentence of the preceding paragraph: “Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, this corporation shall not, except to an insubstantial degree, engage in any activities or exercise any powers that are not in furtherance of the purposes of this corporation. 1040ez form and instructions ” Sixth: Upon the dissolution of the corporation, assets shall be distributed for one or more exempt purposes within the meaning of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code, or shall be distributed to the federal government, or to a state or local government, for a public purpose. 1040ez form and instructions Any such assets not so disposed of shall be disposed of by a Court of Competent Jurisdiction of the county in which the principal office of the corporation is then located, exclusively for such purposes or to such organization or organizations, as said Court shall determine, which are organized and operated exclusively for such purposes. 1040ez form and instructions   In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names this day of , 20. 1040ez form and instructions Appendix. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Articles of Organization, continued Draft B The Charitable Trust. 1040ez form and instructions Declaration of Trust made as of the day of , 20 , by , of , and , of , who hereby declare and agree that they have received this day from , as Donor, the sum of Ten Dollars ($10) and that they will hold and manage the same, and any additions to it, in trust, as follows: First: This trust shall be called “The Charitable Trust. 1040ez form and instructions ” Second: The trustees may receive and accept property, whether real, personal, or mixed, by way of gift, bequest, or devise, from any person, firm, trust, or corporation, to be held, administered, and disposed of in accordance with and pursuant to the provisions of this Declaration of Trust; but no gift, bequest, or devise of any such property shall be received and accepted if it is conditioned or limited in such manner as to require the disposition of the income or its principal to any person or organization other than a “charitable organization” or for other than “charitable purposes” within the meaning of such terms as defined in Article Third of this Declaration of Trust, or as shall, in the opinion of the trustees, jeopardize the federal income tax exemption of this trust pursuant to section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code. 1040ez form and instructions Third: a) The principal and income of all property received and accepted by the trustees to be administered under this Declaration of Trust shall be held in trust by them, and the trustees may make payments or distributions from income or principal, or both, to or for the use of such charitable organizations, within the meaning of that term as defined in paragraph C, in such amounts and for such charitable purposes of the trust as the trustees shall from time to time select and determine; and the trustees may make payments or distributions from income or principal, or both, directly for such charitable purposes, within the meaning of that term as defined in paragraph D, in such amounts as the trustees shall from time to time select and determine without making use of any other charitable organization. 1040ez form and instructions The trustees may also make payments or distributions of all or any part of the income or principal to states, territories, or possessions of the United States, any political subdivision of any of the foregoing, or to the United States or the District of Columbia but only for charitable purposes within the meaning of that term as defined in paragraph D. 1040ez form and instructions Income or principal derived from contributions by corporations shall be distributed by the trustees for use solely within the United States or its possessions. 1040ez form and instructions No part of the net earnings of this trust shall inure or be payable to or for the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, and no substantial part of the activities of this trust shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation. 1040ez form and instructions No part of the activities of this trust shall be the participation in, or intervention in (including the publishing or distributing of statements), any political campaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office. 1040ez form and instructions b) The trust shall continue forever unless the trustees terminate it and distribute all of the principal and income, which action may be taken by the trustees in their discretion at any time. 1040ez form and instructions On such termination, assets shall be distributed for one or more exempt purposes within the meaning of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code, or shall be distributed to the federal government, or to a state or local government, for a public purpose. 1040ez form and instructions The donor authorizes and empowers the trustees to form and organize a nonprofit corporation limited to the uses and purposes provided for in this Declaration of Trust, such corporation to be organized under the laws of any state or under the laws of the United States as may be determined by the trustees; such corporation when organized to have power to administer and control the affairs and property and to carry out the uses, objects, and purposes of this trust. 1040ez form and instructions Upon the creation and organization of such corporation, the trustees are authorized and empowered to convey, transfer, and deliver to such corporation all the property and assets to which this trust may be or become entitled. 1040ez form and instructions The charter, bylaws, and other provisions for the organization and management of such corporation and its affairs and property shall be such as the trustees shall determine, consistent with the provisions of this paragraph. 1040ez form and instructions c) In this Declaration of Trust and in any amendments to it, references to “charitable organizations” or “charitable organization” mean corporations, trusts, funds, foundations, or community chests created or organized in the United States or in any of its possessions, whether under the laws of the United States, any state or territory, the District of Columbia, or any possession of the United States, organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes, no part of the net earnings of which inures or is payable to or for the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, and no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and which do not participate in or intervene in (including the publishing or distributing of statements) any political campaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office. 1040ez form and instructions It is intended that the organization described in this paragraph C shall be entitled to exemption from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code. 1040ez form and instructions d) In this Declaration of Trust and in any amendments to it, the term “charitable purposes” shall be limited to and shall include only religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes within the meaning of those terms as used in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code, but only such purposes as also constitute public charitable purposes under the law of trusts of the State of. 1040ez form and instructions Fourth: This Declaration of Trust may be amended at any time or times by written instrument or instruments signed and sealed by the trustees, and acknowledged by any of the trustees, provided that no amendment shall authorize the trustees to conduct the affairs of this trust in any manner or for any purpose contrary to the provisions of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code. 1040ez form and instructions An amendment of the provisions of this Article Fourth (or any amendment to it) shall be valid only if and to the extent that such amendment further restricts the trustees' amending power. 1040ez form and instructions All instruments amending this Declaration of Trust shall be noted upon or kept attached to the executed original of this Declaration of Trust held by the trustees. 1040ez form and instructions Fifth: Any trustee under this Declaration of Trust may, by written instrument, signed and acknowledged, resign his office. 1040ez form and instructions The number of trustees shall be at all times not less than two, and whenever for any reason the number is reduced to one, there shall be, and at any other time there may be, appointed one or more additional trustees. 1040ez form and instructions Appointments shall be made by the trustee or trustees for the time in office by written instruments signed and acknowledged. 1040ez form and instructions Any succeeding or additional trustee shall, upon his or her acceptance of the office by written instrument signed and acknowledged, have the same powers, rights, and duties, and the same title to the trust estate jointly with the surviving or remaining trustee or trustees as if originally appointed. 1040ez form and instructions  None of the trustees shall be required to furnish any bond or surety. 1040ez form and instructions None of them shall be responsible or liable for the acts or omissions of any other of the trustees or of any predecessor or of a custodian, agent, depositary, or counsel selected with reasonable care. 1040ez form and instructions  The one or more trustees, whether original or successor, for the time being in office, shall have full authority to act even though one or more vacancies may exist. 1040ez form and instructions A trustee may, by appropriate written instrument, delegate all or any part of his or her powers to another or others of the trustees for such periods and subject to such conditions as such delegating trustee may determine. 1040ez form and instructions  The trustees serving under this Declaration of Trust are authorized to pay to themselves amounts for reasonable expenses incurred and reasonable compensation for services rendered in the administration of this trust, but in no event shall any trustee who has made a contribution to this trust ever receive any compensation thereafter. 1040ez form and instructions Sixth: In extension and not in limitation of the common law and statutory powers of trustees and other powers granted in this Declaration of Trust, the trustees shall have the following discretionary powers. 1040ez form and instructions a) To invest and reinvest the principal and income of the trust in such property, real, personal, or mixed, and in such manner as they shall deem proper, and from time to time to change investments as they shall deem advisable; to invest in or retain any stocks, shares, bonds, notes, obligations, or personal or real property (including without limitation any interests in or obligations of any corporation, association, business trust, investment trust, common trust fund, or investment company) although some or all of the property so acquired or retained is of a kind or size which but for this express authority would not be considered proper and although all of the trust funds are invested in the securities of one company. 1040ez form and instructions No principal or income, however, shall be loaned, directly or indirectly, to any trustee or to anyone else, corporate or otherwise, who has at any time made a contribution to this trust, nor to anyone except on the basis of an adequate interest charge and with adequate security. 1040ez form and instructions b) To sell, lease, or exchange any personal, mixed, or real property, at public auction or by private contract, for such consideration and on such terms as to credit or otherwise, and to make such contracts and enter into such undertakings relating to the trust property, as they consider advisable, whether or not such leases or contracts may extend beyond the duration of the trust. 1040ez form and instructions c) To borrow money for such periods, at such rates of interest, and upon such terms as the trustees consider advisable, and as security for such loans to mortgage or pledge any real or personal property with or without power of sale; to acquire or hold any real or personal property, subject to any mortgage or pledge on or of property acquired or held by this trust. 1040ez form and instructions d) To execute and deliver deeds, assignments, transfers, mortgages, pledges, leases, covenants, contracts, promissory notes, releases, and other instruments, sealed or unsealed, incident to any transaction in which they engage. 1040ez form and instructions e) To vote, to give proxies, to participate in the reorganization, merger, or consolidation of any concern, or in the sale, lease, disposition, or distribution of its assets; to join with other security holders in acting through a committee, depositary, voting trustees, or otherwise, and in this connection to delegate authority to such committee, depositary, or trustees and to deposit securities with them or transfer securities to them; to pay assessments levied on securities or to exercise subscription rights in respect of securities. 1040ez form and instructions f) To employ a bank or trust company as custodian of any funds or securities and to delegate to it such powers as they deem appropriate; to hold trust property without indication of fiduciary capacity but only in the name of a registered nominee, provided the trust property is at all times identified as such on the books of the trust; to keep any or all of the trust property or funds in any place or places in the United States of America; to employ clerks, accountants, investment counsel, investment agents, and any special services, and to pay the reasonable compensation and expenses of all such services in addition to the compensation of the trustees. 1040ez form and instructions Seventh: The trustees' powers are exercisable solely in the fiduciary capacity consistent with and in furtherance of the charitable purposes of this trust as specified in Article Third and not otherwise. 1040ez form and instructions Eighth: In this Declaration of Trust and in any amendment to it, references to “trustees” mean the one or more trustees, whether original or successor, for the time being in office. 1040ez form and instructions Ninth: Any person may rely on a copy, certified by a notary public, of the executed original of this Declaration of Trust held by the trustees, and of any of the notations on it and writings attached to it, as fully as he might rely on the original documents themselves. 1040ez form and instructions Any such person may rely fully on any statements of fact certified by anyone who appears from such original documents or from such certified copy to be a trustee under this Declaration of Trust. 1040ez form and instructions No one dealing with the trustees need inquire concerning the validity of anything the trustees purport to do. 1040ez form and instructions No one dealing with the trustees need see to the application of anything paid or transferred to or upon the order of the trustees of the trust. 1040ez form and instructions Tenth: This Declaration of Trust is to be governed in all respects by the laws of the State of . 1040ez form and instructions Trustee Trustee Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
Print - Click this link to Print this page

IRS Statements and Announcements

IRS Operations Resumption Statement
The IRS started reopening operations on Oct. 17. Our employees are reporting back to work, and we are assessing the impact of the 16-day shutdown on our national operations.

IRS Statement on Obtaining eMails
The IRS administers the nation's tax laws in a way that follows the law and treats taxpayers with respect.

IRS Statement on Court Ruling Related to Return Preparers
The IRS has issued a statement on a court ruling related to enforcement of regulatory requirements for registered tax return preparers.

Prepared Remarks of William J. Wilkins, IRS Chief Counsel, at the Tax Executives Institute, March 18, 2013
IRS Chief Counsel William Wilkins speaks at the Tax Executives Institute on March 18, 2013.

IRS Conferences and Cost Savings FY2010 Thru FY2012
Check here for IRS comments and additional information regarding the report issued by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration on IRS conferences from FY 2010 through the end of FY 2012.

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 31-Mar-2014

The 1040ez Form And Instructions

1040ez form and instructions Publication 908 - Main Content Table of Contents Bankruptcy Code Tax Compliance RequirementsTax Returns Due for Periods Ending Before the Bankruptcy Filing in Chapter 13 Cases Tax Returns Due After the Bankruptcy Filing Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13 Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11Debtor's Election To End Tax Year – Form 1040 Taxes and the Bankruptcy Estate Bankruptcy Estate – Income, Deductions, and Credits Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due Tax Return Example – Form 1041 Partnerships and CorporationsFiling Requirements Partnerships Corporations Receiverships Determination of TaxPrompt Determination Requests Court Jurisdiction Over Tax MattersBankruptcy Court Tax Court Federal Tax ClaimsUnsecured Tax Claims Discharge of Unpaid Tax Debt CancellationExclusions Reduction of Tax Attributes Partnerships Corporations Tax Attribute Reduction Example How To Get Tax HelpTaxpayer Advocacy Panel (TAP). 1040ez form and instructions Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs). 1040ez form and instructions Bankruptcy Code Tax Compliance Requirements Tax Returns Due for Periods Ending Before the Bankruptcy Filing in Chapter 13 Cases The Bankruptcy Code requires chapter 13 debtors to file all required tax returns for tax periods ending within 4 years of the debtor's bankruptcy filing. 1040ez form and instructions All such federal tax returns must be filed with the IRS before the date first set for the first meeting of creditors. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor may request the trustee to hold the meeting open for an additional 120 days to enable the debtor to file the returns (or until the day the returns are due under an automatic IRS extension, if later). 1040ez form and instructions After notice and hearing, the bankruptcy court may extend the period for another 30 days. 1040ez form and instructions Failure to timely file the returns can prevent confirmation of a chapter 13 plan and result in either dismissal of the chapter 13 case or conversion to a chapter 7 case. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions Individual debtors should use their home address when filing Form 1040 with the IRS. 1040ez form and instructions Returns should not be filed “in care of” the trustee's address. 1040ez form and instructions Ordering tax transcripts and copies of returns. 1040ez form and instructions   Trustees may require the debtor to submit copies or transcripts of the debtor's returns as proof of filing. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor can request free transcripts of the debtor's income tax returns by filing Form 4506-T, Request for Transcript of Tax Return, with the IRS or by placing a request on the IRS's free Automated Delivery Service (ADS), available by calling 1-800-829-1040. 1040ez form and instructions If requested through ADS, the transcript will be mailed to the debtor's most current address according to the IRS's records. 1040ez form and instructions Transcripts requested using Form 4506-T may be mailed to any address, including to the attention of the trustee in the debtor's bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions Transcripts are normally mailed within 10 to 15 days of receipt of the request by the IRS. 1040ez form and instructions A transcript contains most of the information on the debtor's filed return, but it is not a copy of the return. 1040ez form and instructions To request a copy of the debtor's filed return, file Form 4506, Request for Copy of Tax Return. 1040ez form and instructions It may take up to 60 days for the IRS to provide the copies after receipt of the debtor's request, and there is a fee of $57. 1040ez form and instructions 00 per tax return for copies of the returns. 1040ez form and instructions Tax Returns Due After the Bankruptcy Filing For debtors filing bankruptcy under all chapters (chapters 7, 11, 12, or 13), the Bankruptcy Code provides that if the debtor does not file a tax return that becomes due after the commencement of the bankruptcy case, or obtain an extension for filing the return before the due date, the taxing authority may request that the bankruptcy court either dismiss the case or convert the case to a case under another chapter of the Bankruptcy Code. 1040ez form and instructions If the debtor does not file the required return or obtain an extension within 90 days after the request is made, the bankruptcy court must dismiss or convert the case. 1040ez form and instructions Tax returns and payment of taxes in chapter 11 cases. 1040ez form and instructions   The Bankruptcy Code provides that a chapter 11 debtor's failure to timely file tax returns and pay taxes owed after the date of the “order for relief” (the bankruptcy petition date in voluntary cases) is cause for dismissal of the chapter 11 case, conversion to a chapter 7 case, or appointment of a chapter 11 trustee. 1040ez form and instructions Disclosure of debtor's return information to trustee. 1040ez form and instructions   In bankruptcy cases filed under chapter 7 or 11 by individuals, the debtor's income tax returns for the year the bankruptcy case begins and for earlier years are, upon written request, open to inspection by or disclosure to the trustee. 1040ez form and instructions If the bankruptcy case was not voluntary, disclosure cannot be made before the bankruptcy court has entered an order for relief, unless the court rules that the disclosure is needed for determining whether relief should be ordered. 1040ez form and instructions    In bankruptcy cases other than those of individuals filing under chapter 7 or 11, the debtor's income tax returns for the current and prior years are, upon written request, open to inspection by or disclosure to the trustee, but only if the IRS finds that the trustee has a material interest that will be affected by information on the return. 1040ez form and instructions Material interest is generally defined as a financial or monetary interest. 1040ez form and instructions Material interest is not limited to the trustee's responsibility to file a return on behalf of the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions   However, the U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions Trustee (an officer of the Department of Justice, responsible for maintaining and supervising a panel of private trustees for chapter 7 bankruptcy cases) and the standing chapter 13 trustee (the administrator of chapter 13 cases in a specific geographic region) generally do not have a material interest in the debtor’s return or return information. 1040ez form and instructions Disclosure of bankruptcy estate's return information to debtor. 1040ez form and instructions    The bankruptcy estate's tax return(s) are open, upon written request, to inspection by or disclosure to the individual debtor in a chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy. 1040ez form and instructions Disclosure of the estate's return to the debtor may be necessary to enable the debtor to determine the amount and nature of the tax attributes, if any, that the debtor assumes when the bankruptcy estate terminates. 1040ez form and instructions Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13 Only individuals may file a chapter 13 bankruptcy. 1040ez form and instructions Chapter 13 relief is not available to corporations or partnerships. 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy estate is not treated as a separate entity for tax purposes when an individual files a petition under chapter 12 (Adjustment of Debts of a Family Farmer or Fisherman with Regular Annual Income) or 13 (Adjustment of Debts of an Individual with Regular Income) of the Bankruptcy Code. 1040ez form and instructions In these cases the individual continues to file the same federal income tax returns that were filed prior to the bankruptcy petition, Form 1040, U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions Individual Income Tax Return. 1040ez form and instructions On the debtor's individual tax return, Form 1040, report all income received during the entire year and deduct all allowable expenses. 1040ez form and instructions Do not include in income the amount from any debt canceled due to the debtor's bankruptcy. 1040ez form and instructions To the extent the debtor has any losses, credits, or basis in property that were previously reduced as a result of canceled debt, these reductions must be included on the debtor's return. 1040ez form and instructions See Debt Cancellation, later. 1040ez form and instructions Interest on trust accounts in chapter 13 cases. 1040ez form and instructions   In chapter 13 proceedings, do not include interest earned on amounts held by the trustee in trust accounts as income on the debtor's return. 1040ez form and instructions This interest is not available to either the debtor or creditors, it is available only to the trustee for use by the U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions Trustee system. 1040ez form and instructions The interest is also not taxable to the trustee as income. 1040ez form and instructions Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11 When an individual debtor files for bankruptcy under chapter 7 or 11 of the Bankruptcy Code, the bankruptcy estate is treated as a new taxable entity, separate from the individual taxpayer. 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy estate in a chapter 7 case is represented by a trustee. 1040ez form and instructions The trustee is appointed to administer the estate and liquidate any nonexempt assets. 1040ez form and instructions In chapter 11 cases, the debtor often remains in control of the assets as a “debtor-in-possession” and acts as the bankruptcy trustee. 1040ez form and instructions However, the bankruptcy court, for cause, may appoint a trustee if such appointment is in the best interests of the creditors and the estate. 1040ez form and instructions During the chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy, the debtor continues to file an individual tax return on Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy trustee files a Form 1041 for the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions However, when a debtor in a chapter 11 bankruptcy case remains a debtor-in-possession, he or she must file both a Form 1040 individual return and a Form 1041 estate return for the bankruptcy estate (if return filing requirements are met). 1040ez form and instructions Although a husband and wife may file a joint bankruptcy petition whose bankruptcy estates are jointly administered, the estates are be treated as two separate entities for tax purposes. 1040ez form and instructions Two separate bankruptcy estate income tax returns must be filed (if each spouse separately meets the filing requirements). 1040ez form and instructions For information about determining the tax due and paying tax for a chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy estate, see Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due, later. 1040ez form and instructions Debtor's Election To End Tax Year – Form 1040 Short tax years. 1040ez form and instructions   An individual debtor in a chapter 7 or 11 case may elect to close the debtor's tax year for the year in which the bankruptcy petition is filed, as of the day before the date on which the bankruptcy case commences. 1040ez form and instructions If the debtor makes this election, the debtor's tax year is divided into 2 short tax years of less than 12 months each. 1040ez form and instructions The first tax year ends on the day before the commencement date and the second tax year begins on the commencement date. 1040ez form and instructions   If the election is made, the debtor's federal income tax liability for the first short tax year becomes an allowable claim against the bankruptcy estate arising before the bankruptcy filing. 1040ez form and instructions Also, the tax liability for the first short tax year is not subject to discharge under the Bankruptcy Code. 1040ez form and instructions    If the debtor does not make an election to end the tax year, the commencement of the bankruptcy case does not affect the debtor's tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Also, no part of the debtor's income tax liability for the year in which the bankruptcy case commences can be collected from the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor cannot make a short tax year election if no assets, other than exempt property, are in the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions Making the Election - Filing Requirements First short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions   The debtor can elect to end the debtor's tax year by filing a return on Form 1040 for the first short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions The return must be filed on or before the 15th day of the fourth full month after the end of that first tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Second short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions   If the debtor elects to end the tax year on the day before filing the bankruptcy case, the debtor must file the return for the first short tax year in the manner discussed above. 1040ez form and instructions   If the debtor makes this election, the debtor must also file a separate Form 1040 for the second short tax year by the regular due date. 1040ez form and instructions To avoid delays in processing the return, write “Second Short Year Return After Section 1398 Election” at the top of the return. 1040ez form and instructions Example. 1040ez form and instructions Jane Doe, an individual calendar year taxpayer, filed a bankruptcy petition under chapter 7 or 11 on May 8, 2012. 1040ez form and instructions If Jane elected to close her tax year at the commencement of her case, Jane's first short year for 2012 runs from January 1 through May 7, 2012. 1040ez form and instructions Jane's second short year runs from May 8, 2012, through December 31, 2012. 1040ez form and instructions To have a timely filed election for the first short year, Jane must file Form 1040 (or an extension of time to file) for the period January 1 through May 7 by September 15. 1040ez form and instructions To avoid delays in processing the return, write “Section 1398 Election” at the top of the return. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor may also make the election by attaching a statement to Form 4868, Automatic Extension of Time to File an U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions Individual Tax Return. 1040ez form and instructions The statement must state that the debtor elects under IRC section 1398(d)(2) to close the debtor's tax year on the day before filing the bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor must file Form 4868 by the due date of the return for the first short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor's spouse may also elect to close his or her tax year, see Election by debtor's spouse, below. 1040ez form and instructions Election by debtor's spouse. 1040ez form and instructions   If the debtor is married, the debtor's spouse may join in the election to end the tax year. 1040ez form and instructions If the debtor and spouse make a joint election, the debtor must file a joint return for the first short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor must elect by the due date for filing the return for the first short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Once the election is made, it cannot be revoked for the first short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions However, the election does not prevent the debtor and the spouse from filing separate returns for the second short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Later bankruptcy of spouse. 1040ez form and instructions    If the debtor's spouse files for bankruptcy later in the same year, he or she may also choose to end his or her tax year, regardless of whether he or she joined in the election to end the debtor's tax year. 1040ez form and instructions   As each spouse has a separate bankruptcy, one or both of them may have 3 short tax years in the same calendar year. 1040ez form and instructions If the debtor's spouse joined the debtor's election or if the debtor had not made the election to end the tax year, the debtor can join in the spouse's election. 1040ez form and instructions However, if the debtor made an election and the spouse did not join that election, the debtor cannot then join the spouse's later election. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor and the spouse are precluded from this election because they have different tax years. 1040ez form and instructions This results because the debtor does not have a tax year ending the day before the spouse's filing for bankruptcy, and the debtor cannot file a joint return for a year ending on the day before the spouse's filing of bankruptcy. 1040ez form and instructions Example 1. 1040ez form and instructions Paul and Mary Harris are calendar-year taxpayers. 1040ez form and instructions Paul's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case begins on March 4. 1040ez form and instructions If Paul does not make an election, his tax year does not end on March 3. 1040ez form and instructions If he makes an election, Paul's first tax year is January 1–March 3, and his second tax year begins on March 4. 1040ez form and instructions Mary could join in Paul's election as long as they file a joint return for the tax year January 1–March 3. 1040ez form and instructions They must make the election by July 15, the due date for filing the joint return. 1040ez form and instructions Example 2. 1040ez form and instructions Fred and Ethel Barnes are calendar-year taxpayers. 1040ez form and instructions Fred's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case begins on May 6, and Ethel's bankruptcy case begins on November 1 of the same year. 1040ez form and instructions Ethel could elect to end her tax year on October 31. 1040ez form and instructions If Fred did not elect to end his tax year on May 5, or if he elected to do so but Ethel had not joined in his election, Ethel would have 2 tax years in the same calendar year if she decided to close her tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Her first tax year is January 1–October 31, and her second year is November 1–December 31. 1040ez form and instructions If Fred did not end his tax year as of May 5, he could join in Ethel's election to close her tax year on October 31, but only if they file a joint return for the tax year January 1–October 31. 1040ez form and instructions If Fred elected to end his tax year on May 5, but Ethel did not join in Fred's election, Fred cannot join in Ethel's election to end her tax year on October 31. 1040ez form and instructions Fred and Ethel cannot file a joint return for that short tax year because their tax years preceding October 31 were not the same. 1040ez form and instructions Example 3. 1040ez form and instructions Jack and Karen Thomas are calendar-year taxpayers. 1040ez form and instructions Karen's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case began on April 10, and Jack's voluntary chapter 7 bankruptcy case began on October 3 of the same year. 1040ez form and instructions Karen elected to close her tax year on April 9 and Jack joins in Karen's election. 1040ez form and instructions Under these facts, Jack would have 3 tax years for the same calendar year if he makes the election relating to his own bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions The first tax year would be January 1–April 9; the second, April 10–October 2; and the third, October 3–December 31. 1040ez form and instructions Karen may join in Jack's election if they file a joint return for the second short tax year (April 10–October 2). 1040ez form and instructions If Karen does join in, she would have the same 3 short tax years as Jack. 1040ez form and instructions Also, if Karen joins in Jack's election, they may file a joint return for the third tax year (October 3–December 31), but they are not required to do so. 1040ez form and instructions Annualizing taxable income. 1040ez form and instructions   If the debtor elects to close the tax year, the debtor must annualize taxable income for each short tax year in the same manner a change in annual accounting period is calculated. 1040ez form and instructions See Short Tax Year in Publication 538, for information on how to annualize the debtor's income and to figure the tax for the short tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Dismissal of bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions   If the bankruptcy court later dismisses an individual chapter 7 or 11 case, the bankruptcy estate is no longer treated as a separate taxable entity. 1040ez form and instructions It is as if no bankruptcy estate was created for tax purposes. 1040ez form and instructions In this situation, the debtor must file amended tax returns on Form 1040X, to replace all full or short year individual returns (Form 1040) and bankruptcy estate returns (Form 1041) filed as a result of the bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions Income, deductions, and credits previously reported by the bankruptcy estate must be reported on the debtor's amended returns. 1040ez form and instructions Attach a statement to the amended returns explaining why the debtor is filing an amended return. 1040ez form and instructions Taxes and the Bankruptcy Estate Property of the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions   At the commencement of a bankruptcy case a bankruptcy estate is created. 1040ez form and instructions Bankruptcy law determines which of the debtor's assets become part of a bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions This estate generally includes all of the debtor's legal and equitable interests in property as of the commencement date. 1040ez form and instructions However, there are exceptions and certain property is exempted or excluded from the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions Exempt property and abandoned property are initially part of the bankruptcy estate, but are subsequently removed from the estate. 1040ez form and instructions Excluded property is never included in the estate. 1040ez form and instructions Transfer of assets between debtor and bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions   The transfer (other than by sale or exchange) of an asset from the debtor to the bankruptcy estate is not treated as a disposition for income tax purposes. 1040ez form and instructions The transfer does not result in gain or loss, acceleration of income or deductions, or recapture of deductions or credits. 1040ez form and instructions For example, the transfer of an installment obligation to the estate would not accelerate gain under the rules for reporting installment sales. 1040ez form and instructions The estate assumes the same basis, holding period, and character of the transferred assets. 1040ez form and instructions Also, the estate generally accounts for the transferred assets in the same manner as debtor. 1040ez form and instructions   When the bankruptcy estate is terminated or dissolved, any resulting transfer (other than by sale or exchange) of the estate's assets back to the debtor is also not treated as a disposition for tax purposes. 1040ez form and instructions The transfer does not result in gain or loss, acceleration of income or deductions, or recapture of deductions or credits to the estate. 1040ez form and instructions Abandoned property. 1040ez form and instructions    The abandonment of property by the estate to the debtor is a nontaxable disposition of property. 1040ez form and instructions If the debtor received abandoned property from the bankruptcy estate, the debtor assumes the same basis in the property that the bankruptcy estate had. 1040ez form and instructions Separate taxable entity. 1040ez form and instructions   When an individual files a bankruptcy petition under chapter 7 or 11, the bankruptcy estate is treated as a separate taxable entity from the debtor. 1040ez form and instructions The court appointed trustee or the debtor-in-possession is responsible for preparing and filing all of the bankruptcy estate's tax returns, including its income tax return on Form 1041, U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions Income Tax Return for Estates and Trusts, and paying its taxes. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor remains responsible for filing his or her own returns on Form 1040, U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions Individual Income Tax Return, and paying taxes on income that does not belong to the estate. 1040ez form and instructions Employer identification number. 1040ez form and instructions   The trustee or debtor-in-possession must obtain an EIN for a bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions The trustee or debtor-in-possession uses this EIN on all tax returns filed for the bankruptcy estate with the IRS, including estimated tax returns. 1040ez form and instructions See Employer identification number, under Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due, later. 1040ez form and instructions    The social security number of the individual debtor cannot be used as the EIN for the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions Income, deductions, and credits – Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions   In an individual chapter 7 or 11 bankruptcy case, do not include the income, deductions, and credits that belong to the bankruptcy estate on the debtor's individual income tax return (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions Also, do not include as income on the debtor's return the amount of any debt canceled by reason of the bankruptcy discharge. 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy estate must reduce certain losses, credits, and the basis in property (to the extent of these items) by the amount of canceled debt. 1040ez form and instructions See Debt Cancellation, below. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor may not be able to claim certain deductions available to the bankruptcy estate such as administrative expenses. 1040ez form and instructions Additionally, the bankruptcy exclusion cannot be used to exclude income from a cancelled debt if the discharge of indebtedness was not within the bankruptcy case, even though the debtor was under the bankruptcy court's protection at the time. 1040ez form and instructions However, other exclusions, such as the insolvency exclusion, may apply. 1040ez form and instructions Bankruptcy Estate – Income, Deductions, and Credits Bankruptcy Estate Income Income of the estate in individual chapter 7 cases. 1040ez form and instructions    The gross income of the bankruptcy estate includes gross income of the debtor to which the estate is entitled under the Bankruptcy Code. 1040ez form and instructions Gross income also includes income generated by the bankruptcy estate from property of the estate after the commencement of the case. 1040ez form and instructions   Gross income of the bankruptcy estate does not include amounts received or accrued by the debtor before the commencement of the case. 1040ez form and instructions Additionally, in chapter 7 cases, gross income of the bankruptcy estate does not include any income that the debtor earns after the date of the bankruptcy petition. 1040ez form and instructions Income of the estate in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040ez form and instructions    In chapter 11 cases, under IRC section 1398(e)(1), gross income of the bankruptcy estate includes income that the debtor earns for services performed after the bankruptcy petition date. 1040ez form and instructions Also, earnings from services performed by an individual debtor after the commencement of the chapter 11 case are property of the bankruptcy estate under section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code (11 U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions C. 1040ez form and instructions section 1115). 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions A debtor-in-possession may be compensated by the estate for managing or operating a trade or business that the debtor conducted before the commencement of the bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions Such payments should be reported by the debtor as miscellaneous income on his or her individual income tax return (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions Amounts paid by the estate to the debtor-in-possession for managing or operating the trade or business may qualify as administrative expenses of the estate. 1040ez form and instructions See Administrative expenses, below. 1040ez form and instructions Conversion or dismissal of chapter 11 cases. 1040ez form and instructions   If a chapter 11 case is converted to a chapter 13 case, the chapter 13 estate is not a separate taxable entity and earnings from post-conversion services and income from property of the estate realized after the conversion to chapter 13 are taxed to the debtor. 1040ez form and instructions If the chapter 11 case is converted to a chapter 7 case, 11 U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions C. 1040ez form and instructions section 1115 does not apply after conversion and: Earnings from post-conversion services will be taxed to the debtor, rather than the estate, and The property of the chapter 11 estate will become property of the chapter 7 estate. 1040ez form and instructions Any income on this property will be taxed to the estate even if the income is realized after the conversion to chapter 7. 1040ez form and instructions If a chapter 11 case is dismissed, the debtor is treated as if the bankruptcy case had never been filed and as if no bankruptcy estate had been created. 1040ez form and instructions Bankruptcy Estate Deductions and Credits A bankruptcy estate deducts expenses incurred in a trade, business, or activity, and uses credits in the same way the debtor would have deducted or credited them had he or she continued operations. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions Expenses may be disallowed under other provisions of the IRC (such as the disallowance of certain capital expenditures or expenses relating to tax-exempt interest). 1040ez form and instructions Administrative expenses. 1040ez form and instructions   Allowable expenses include administrative expenses. 1040ez form and instructions    Administrative expenses can only be deducted by the estate, never by the debtor. 1040ez form and instructions   The bankruptcy estate is allowed deductions for bankruptcy administrative expenses and fees, including accounting fees, attorney fees, and court costs. 1040ez form and instructions These expenses are deductible on Form 1040, Schedule A as miscellaneous itemized deductions not subject to the 2% floor on miscellaneous itemized deductions, because they would not have been incurred if property had not been held by the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions See IRC section 67(e). 1040ez form and instructions Administrative expenses of the bankruptcy estate attributable to conducting a trade or business for the production of estate rents or royalties are deductible in arriving at adjusted gross income on Form 1040, Schedules C, E, and F. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy estate uses Form 1041 as a transmittal for the tax return prepared using Form 1040 and its schedules. 1040ez form and instructions See Transmittal for Form 1040 under Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax, later. 1040ez form and instructions Administrative expense loss. 1040ez form and instructions   If the administrative expenses of the bankruptcy estate are more than its gross income for a tax year, the excess amount may be carried back 3 years and forward 7 years. 1040ez form and instructions The amounts can only be carried to a tax year of the estate and never to a debtor's tax year. 1040ez form and instructions The excess amount to be carried back or forward is treated like a net operating loss (NOL) and must first be carried back to the earliest year possible. 1040ez form and instructions For a discussion of NOLs, see Publication 536. 1040ez form and instructions Attribute carryovers. 1040ez form and instructions   The bankruptcy estate may use its tax attributes the same way that the debtor would have used them. 1040ez form and instructions These items are determined as of the first day of the debtor's tax year in which the bankruptcy case begins. 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy estate assumes the following tax attributes from the debtor: NOL carryovers, Carryovers of excess charitable contributions, Recovery of tax benefit items, Credit carryovers, Capital loss carryovers, Basis, holding period, and character of assets, Method of accounting, Passive activity loss and credit carryovers, Unused at-risk deductions, and Other tax attributes provided in the regulations. 1040ez form and instructions   Certain tax attributes of the bankruptcy estate must be reduced by the amount of income that was previously excluded as a result of cancellation of debt during the bankruptcy proceeding. 1040ez form and instructions See Debt Cancellation, later. 1040ez form and instructions   When the bankruptcy estate is terminated (for example, when the case ends), the debtor assumes any remaining tax attributes previously taken over by the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor also generally assumes any of the tax attributes, listed above, that arose during the administration of the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor does not assume the bankruptcy estate's administrative expense losses because they cannot be used by an individual taxpayer filing Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions See Administrative expense loss, above. 1040ez form and instructions Passive and at-risk activities. 1040ez form and instructions   For bankruptcy cases beginning after November 8, 1992, passive activity carryover losses and credits and unused at-risk deductions are treated as tax attributes passing from the debtor to the bankruptcy estate, which the estate then passes back to the debtor when the bankruptcy estate terminates. 1040ez form and instructions Additionally, transfers to the debtor (other than by sale or exchange) of interests in passive or at-risk activities are treated as non-taxable exchanges. 1040ez form and instructions These transfers include the return of exempt property and abandonment of estate property to the debtor. 1040ez form and instructions Carrybacks from the debtor's activities. 1040ez form and instructions   The debtor cannot carry back any NOL or credit carryback from a tax year ending after the bankruptcy case has begun to any tax year ending before the case began. 1040ez form and instructions Carrybacks from the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions   If the bankruptcy estate has an NOL that did not pass to the estate from the debtor under the attribute carryover rules, the estate can carry the loss back not only to its own earlier tax years but also to the debtor's tax years before the year the bankruptcy case began. 1040ez form and instructions The estate may also carry back excess credits, such as the general business credit, to the pre-bankruptcy tax years. 1040ez form and instructions Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Allocation of income and credits on information returns and required statement for returns for individual chapter 11 cases. 1040ez form and instructions    In chapter 11 cases, when an employer issues a Form W-2 reporting all of the debtor's wages, salary, or other compensation for a calendar year, and a portion of the earnings represent post-petition services includible in the estate's gross income, the Form W-2 amounts must be allocated between the estate and the debtor. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor-in-possession or trustee must allocate the income amount reported in box 1 and the income tax withheld reported in box 2 between the debtor and the estate. 1040ez form and instructions These allocations must reflect that the debtor's gross earnings from post-petition services and gross income from post-petition property are, generally, includible in the estate's gross income and not the debtor's gross income. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor and trustee may use a simple percentage method to allocate income and income tax withheld. 1040ez form and instructions The same method must be used to allocate the income and the withheld tax. 1040ez form and instructions Example. 1040ez form and instructions If 20% of the wages reported on Form W-2 for a calendar year were earned after the commencement of the case and are included in the estate's gross income, 20% of the withheld income tax reported on Form W-2 must also be claimed as a credit on the estate's income tax return. 1040ez form and instructions Likewise, 80% of wages must be reported by the debtor and 80% of the income tax withheld must be claimed as a credit on the debtor's income tax return. 1040ez form and instructions See IRC section 31(a). 1040ez form and instructions   If information returns are issued to the debtor for gross income, gross proceeds, or other reportable payments that should have been reported to the bankruptcy estate, the debtor-in-possession or trustee must allocate the improperly reported income in a reasonable manner between the debtor and the estate. 1040ez form and instructions In general, the allocation must ensure that any income and income tax withheld attributable to the post-petition period is reported on the estate's return, and any income and income tax withheld attributable to the pre-petition period is reported on the debtor's return. 1040ez form and instructions    IRS Notice 2006-83 requires the debtor to attach a statement to his or her individual income tax return (Form 1040) stating that the return is filed subject to a chapter 11 bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions The statement must also: Show the allocations of income and income tax withheld, Describe the method used to allocate income and income tax withheld, and List the filing date of the bankruptcy case, the bankruptcy court in which the case is pending, the bankruptcy court case number, and the bankruptcy estate's EIN. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor-in-possession or trustee must attach a similar statement to the bankruptcy estate's income tax return (Form 1041). 1040ez form and instructions   The model Notice 2006-83 Statement, shown above, may be used by debtors, debtors-in-possession, and trustees to satisfy the reporting requirement. 1040ez form and instructions Self-employment taxes in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040ez form and instructions   IRC section 1401 imposes a tax upon the self-employment income, that is, the net earnings from self-employment of an individual. 1040ez form and instructions Net earnings from self-employment are equal to the gross income derived by an individual from any trade or business carried on by such individual, less deductions attributable to the business. 1040ez form and instructions   Neither section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code nor IRC section 1398 addresses the application of self-employment tax to the post-petition earnings of the individual debtor. 1040ez form and instructions Therefore, if the debtor continues to derive gross income from the performance of services as a self-employed individual after the commencement of the bankruptcy case, the debtor must continue to report the debtor's self-employment income on Schedule SE (Form 1040) of the debtor's income tax return. 1040ez form and instructions This schedule includes self-employment income earned post-petition and the attributable deductions. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor must pay any self-employment tax imposed by IRC section 1401. 1040ez form and instructions Employment taxes and employer's obligation to file Form W-2 in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040ez form and instructions   In chapter 11 cases, post-petition wages earned by a debtor are generally treated as gross income of the estate. 1040ez form and instructions However, section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code (11 U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions C. 1040ez form and instructions section 1115) does not affect the determination of what are deemed wages for Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax, Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) tax, or Federal Income Tax Withholding purposes. 1040ez form and instructions See Notice 2006-83. 1040ez form and instructions   The reporting and withholding obligations of a debtor's employer also do not change. 1040ez form and instructions An employer should continue to report the wages and tax withholding on a Form W-2 issued under the debtor's name and social security number. 1040ez form and instructions Notice to persons required to file information returns (other than Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement) in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040ez form and instructions   Within a reasonable time after the commencement of a chapter 11 bankruptcy case, the trustee or debtor-in-possession should provide notification of the bankruptcy estate's EIN to all persons (or entities) that are required to file information returns for the bankruptcy estate's gross income, gross proceeds, or other types of reportable payments. 1040ez form and instructions See IRC section 6109(a)(2). 1040ez form and instructions As these payments are the property of the estate under section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code, the payors should report the gross income, gross proceeds, or other reportable payments on the appropriate information return using the estate's name and EIN as required under the IRC and regulations (see IRC sections 6041 through 6049). 1040ez form and instructions   The trustee or debtor-in-possession should not, however, provide the EIN to a person (or entity) filing Form W-2 reporting the debtor's wages or other compensation, as section 1115 of the Bankruptcy Code does not affect the determination of what constitutes wages for purposes of federal income tax withholding or FICA. 1040ez form and instructions See Notice 2006-83. 1040ez form and instructions An employer should continue to report all wage income and tax withholding, both pre-petition and post-petition, on a Form W-2 to the debtor under the debtor's social security number. 1040ez form and instructions   The debtor in a chapter 11 case is not required to file a new Form W-4 with an employer solely because the debtor filed a chapter 11 case and the post-petition wages are includible in the estate's income and not the debtor's income. 1040ez form and instructions However, a new Form W-4 may be necessary if the debtor is no longer entitled to claim the same number of allowances previously claimed because certain deductions or credits now belong to the estate. 1040ez form and instructions See Employment Tax Regulations section 31. 1040ez form and instructions 3402(f)(2)-1. 1040ez form and instructions Additionally, the debtor may wish to file a new Form W-4 to increase the income tax withheld from post-petition wages allocated to the estate to avoid having to make estimated tax payments for the estate. 1040ez form and instructions See IRC section 6654(a). 1040ez form and instructions Notice required in converted and dismissed cases. 1040ez form and instructions   When a chapter 11 bankruptcy case is closed, dismissed, or converted to a chapter 12 or 13 case, the bankruptcy estate ends as a separate taxable entity. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor should, within a reasonable time, send notice of such event to the persons (or entities) previously notified of the bankruptcy case. 1040ez form and instructions This helps to ensure that gross income, proceeds, and other reportable payments realized after the event are reported to the debtor under the correct TIN rather than to the estate. 1040ez form and instructions   When a chapter 11 case is converted to a chapter 7 case, the bankruptcy estate will continue to exist as a separate taxable entity. 1040ez form and instructions Gross income (other than post-conversion income from the debtor's services), gross proceeds, or other reportable payments should continue to be reported to the estate if they are property of the chapter 7 estate. 1040ez form and instructions However, income from services performed by the debtor after conversion of the case to chapter 7 is not property of the chapter 7 estate. 1040ez form and instructions After the conversion, the debtor should notify payors required to report the debtor's nonemployee compensation that compensation earned after the conversion should be reported using the debtor's name and TIN, not the estate's name and EIN. 1040ez form and instructions Employment taxes. 1040ez form and instructions   The trustee or debtor-in-possession must withhold income and social security taxes and file employment tax returns for any wages paid by the trustee or debtor, including wage claims paid as administrative expenses. 1040ez form and instructions See Publication 15, Circular E, Employer's Tax Guide, for details on employer tax responsibilities. 1040ez form and instructions   The trustee also has the duty to prepare and file Forms W-2 for wage claims paid by the trustee, regardless of whether the claims accrued before or during bankruptcy. 1040ez form and instructions For a further discussion of employment taxes, see Employment Taxes, later. 1040ez form and instructions Notice 2006-83 Statement Pending Bankruptcy Case The taxpayer, , filed a bankruptcy petition under chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the bankruptcy court for the District of . 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy court case number is . 1040ez form and instructions Gross income, and withheld federal income tax, reported on Form W-2, Forms 1099, Schedule K-1, and other information returns received under the taxpayer's name and social security number (or other taxpayer identification number) are allocated between the taxpayer's TIN and the bankruptcy estate's EIN as follows, using [describe allocation method]:. 1040ez form and instructions   Year Taxpayer   Estate 1. 1040ez form and instructions Form W-2, Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax shown on Form W-2 $   $   2. 1040ez form and instructions Form 1099-INT Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax (if any) shown on Form 1099-INT $   $   3. 1040ez form and instructions Form 1099-DIV Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax (if any) shown on Form 1099-DIV $   $   4. 1040ez form and instructions Form 1099-MISC Payor: $   $     Withheld income tax (if any) shown on Form 1099-MISC $   $   Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due Filing Requirements Filing threshold. 1040ez form and instructions   If the bankruptcy estate has gross income that meets or exceeds the minimum amount required for filing, the trustee or debtor-in-possession must file an income tax return on Form 1041. 1040ez form and instructions This amount is equal to the sum of the personal exemption amount plus the basic standard deduction for a married individual filing separately. 1040ez form and instructions   For 2012, the threshold filing amount for a bankruptcy estate is $9,750 (the sum of the $3,800 personal exemption plus the $5,950 standard deduction for married individuals filing separately). 1040ez form and instructions   These amounts are generally adjusted annually. 1040ez form and instructions See the present year Form 1041 Instructions at www. 1040ez form and instructions irs. 1040ez form and instructions gov/form1041 for the current dollar amounts. 1040ez form and instructions Accounting period. 1040ez form and instructions   A bankruptcy estate may have a fiscal year. 1040ez form and instructions However, this period cannot be longer than 12 months. 1040ez form and instructions Change of accounting period. 1040ez form and instructions   The bankruptcy estate may change its accounting period (tax year) once without IRS approval. 1040ez form and instructions This rule allows the bankruptcy trustee to close the estate's tax year early, before the expected termination of the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions The trustee can then file a return for the first short tax year to get a quick determination of the estate's tax liability. 1040ez form and instructions Employer identification number. 1040ez form and instructions   The trustee or debtor-in-possession must obtain an EIN for a bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions The trustee or debtor-in-possession uses this EIN on all tax returns filed for the bankruptcy estate with the IRS, including estimated tax returns. 1040ez form and instructions    The social security number of the individual debtor cannot be used as the EIN for the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions   Obtain an EIN for a bankruptcy estate by applying: Online by clicking on the EIN link at www. 1040ez form and instructions irs. 1040ez form and instructions gov/businesses/small. 1040ez form and instructions The EIN is issued immediately once the application information is validated. 1040ez form and instructions By telephone at 1-800-829-4933 from 7:00 a. 1040ez form and instructions m. 1040ez form and instructions to 7:00 p. 1040ez form and instructions m. 1040ez form and instructions in the trustee's or debtor-in-possession's local time zone. 1040ez form and instructions Assistance provided to callers from Alaska and Hawaii will be based on the hours of operation in the Pacific time zone, or By mailing or faxing Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number. 1040ez form and instructions   If the trustee or debtor-in-possession has not received the bankruptcy estate's EIN by the time the return is due, write “Applied for” and the date you applied in the space for the EIN. 1040ez form and instructions For more details, see Pub. 1040ez form and instructions 583, Starting a Business and Keeping Records. 1040ez form and instructions   Trustees representing ten or more bankruptcy estates (other than estates that will be filing employment or excise tax returns) may request a series or block of EINs. 1040ez form and instructions Figuring tax due. 1040ez form and instructions   The bankruptcy estate figures its taxable income the same way an individual figures taxable income. 1040ez form and instructions However, the estate uses the tax rates for a married individual filing separately to calculate the tax on its taxable income. 1040ez form and instructions The estate is entitled to one personal exemption and may either itemize deductions or take the basic standard deduction for a married individual filing a separate return. 1040ez form and instructions The estate cannot take the higher standard deduction allowed for married persons filing separately who are 65 or older or blind. 1040ez form and instructions Tax rate schedule. 1040ez form and instructions The tax on income for bankruptcy estates is calculated using the tax rate schedule for Married Individuals Filing Separately not the Estates and Trusts tax rate schedule. 1040ez form and instructions When to file. 1040ez form and instructions   Calendar year bankruptcy estates must file Form 1041 by April 15th. 1040ez form and instructions Fiscal year bankruptcy estates must file on or before the 15th day of the 4th month following the close of its tax year. 1040ez form and instructions For example, an estate that has a tax year that ends on June 30th must file Form 1041 by October 15th of the tax year. 1040ez form and instructions If the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, file on the next business day. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The bankruptcy estate is allowed an automatic 6-month extension of time to file the bankruptcy estate tax return upon filing the required application, Form 7004, Application for Automatic Extension of Time To File Certain Business Income Tax, Information, and Other Returns. 1040ez form and instructions Transmittal for Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions   Form 1041 is used as a transmittal for Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions If a return is required, the trustee or debtor-in-possession must complete the identification area at the top of Form 1041 and indicate the chapter under which the bankruptcy estate filed, either chapter 7 or chapter 11. 1040ez form and instructions   Prepare the bankruptcy estate's return by completing Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions In the top margin of Form 1040, write “Attachment to Form 1041 —DO NOT DETACH. 1040ez form and instructions ” Then, attach Form 1040 to the Form 1041 transmittal. 1040ez form and instructions Enter the tax and payment amounts on lines 23 through 29 of Form 1041, then sign and date the return. 1040ez form and instructions An example of a bankruptcy estate's tax return is prepared below. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The filing of the bankruptcy estate's tax return does not relieve a debtor from the requirement to file his or her individual tax return on Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions Payment of Tax Due Payment methods. 1040ez form and instructions   Payment of tax due may be made by check or money order or by credit or debit card. 1040ez form and instructions For information on how to make payments electronically by credit or debit card, go to irs. 1040ez form and instructions gov/e-pay. 1040ez form and instructions      Payments may also be made electronically using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS), a free tax payment system that allows you to make payments online or by phone. 1040ez form and instructions To enroll in EFTPS, go to eftps. 1040ez form and instructions gov or call 1-800-555-4477. 1040ez form and instructions For more information see Publication 966, Electronic Federal Tax Payment System: A Guide to Getting Started. 1040ez form and instructions Payment voucher – Form 1041-V. 1040ez form and instructions   Form 1041-V accompanies payments made by check or money order for Form 1041. 1040ez form and instructions The voucher includes information about the bankruptcy estate, including the name of the bankruptcy estate, trustee, EIN, and amount due. 1040ez form and instructions Using Form 1041-V assists the IRS in processing the payment more accurately and efficiently. 1040ez form and instructions We recommend the use of Form 1041-V; however, there is no penalty if the voucher is not used. 1040ez form and instructions Estimated tax – Form 1041-ES. 1040ez form and instructions   In most cases, the trustee or debtor-in-possession must pay any required estimated tax due for the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions See the Form 1041-ES Instructions for information on the minimum threshold amount required for filing Form 1041-ES, paying the estimated tax, and exceptions to filing. 1040ez form and instructions Employment Taxes The trustee or debtor-in-possession must withhold income and social security taxes and file employment tax returns for any wages paid by the trustee or debtor, including wage claims paid as administrative expenses. 1040ez form and instructions Until these employment taxes are deposited as required by the IRC, they should be set aside in a separate bank account to ensure that funds are available to satisfy the liability. 1040ez form and instructions If the employment taxes are not paid as required, the trustee may be held personally liable for payment of the taxes. 1040ez form and instructions   See Publication 15, (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide, for details on employer tax responsibilities. 1040ez form and instructions Also see IRS Notice 931, Deposit Requirements for Employment Taxes, for details on the deposit rules, including the requirement that federal employment tax deposits be made by electronic funds transfer. 1040ez form and instructions The trustee also has a duty to prepare and file Forms W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, for wage claims paid by the trustee, regardless of whether the claims accrued before or during bankruptcy. 1040ez form and instructions If the debtor fails to prepare and file Forms W-2 for wages paid before bankruptcy, the trustee should instruct the employees to file a Form 4852, Substitute for Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, or Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. 1040ez form and instructions , with their individual income tax returns. 1040ez form and instructions Tax Return Example – Form 1041 This publication is not revised annually. 1040ez form and instructions Future changes to the forms and their instructions may not be reflected in this example. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions The following return was prepared for tax year 2011. 1040ez form and instructions In 2011, the threshold filing amount for a bankruptcy estate was $9,500 (the sum of the $3,700 personal exemption plus the $5,800 standard deduction for married individuals filing separately). 1040ez form and instructions Facts and circumstances. 1040ez form and instructions   On December 15, 2010, Thomas Smith filed a bankruptcy petition under chapter 7. 1040ez form and instructions Joan Black was appointed trustee to administer the bankruptcy estate and to distribute the assets. 1040ez form and instructions   The estate received the following assets from Mr. 1040ez form and instructions Smith: A $100,000 certificate of deposit, Commercial rental real estate with a fair market value (FMV) of $280,000, and His personal residence with an FMV of $200,000. 1040ez form and instructions   Also, the estate received a $251,500 capital loss carryover. 1040ez form and instructions   Mr. 1040ez form and instructions Smith's bankruptcy case was closed on December 31, 2011. 1040ez form and instructions During 2011, Mr. 1040ez form and instructions Smith was relieved of $70,000 of debt by the bankruptcy court. 1040ez form and instructions The estate chose a calendar year as its tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Joan, the trustee, reviews the estate's transactions and reports the taxable events on the estate's final return. 1040ez form and instructions Schedule B (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions    The certificate of deposit earned $5,500 of interest during 2011. 1040ez form and instructions Joan reports this interest on Schedule B. 1040ez form and instructions She completes this schedule and enters the result on Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions Form 4562. 1040ez form and instructions   Joan enters the depreciation allowed on Form 4562. 1040ez form and instructions She completes the form and enters the result on Schedule E. 1040ez form and instructions Schedule E (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions   The commercial real estate was rented through the date of sale. 1040ez form and instructions Joan reports the income and expenses on Schedule E. 1040ez form and instructions She enters the net income on Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions Form 4797. 1040ez form and instructions   The commercial real estate was sold on July 1, 2011, for $280,000. 1040ez form and instructions The property was purchased in 2001 at a cost of $250,000. 1040ez form and instructions The total depreciation allowable as of the date of sale was $120,000. 1040ez form and instructions Additionally, $25,000 of selling expenses were incurred. 1040ez form and instructions Joan reports the gain or loss from the sale on Form 4797. 1040ez form and instructions She completes the form and enters the gain on Schedule D (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions   Mr. 1040ez form and instructions Smith's former residence was sold on September 30, 2011. 1040ez form and instructions The sale price was $200,000, the selling expenses were $20,000, and his adjusted basis was $130,000. 1040ez form and instructions This sale is excluded from gross income under IRC section 121. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions Gains from the sale of personal residences are excluded from gross income up to $250,000 under IRC section 121 ($500,000 for married couples filing a joint return). 1040ez form and instructions Bankruptcy estates succeed to this exclusion at the commencement of the case. 1040ez form and instructions See Regulation section 1. 1040ez form and instructions 1398-3. 1040ez form and instructions Schedule D (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions   Joan completes Schedule D, taking into account the $250,000 capital loss carryover from 2010 ($251,500 transferred to the estate minus $1,500 used on the estate's 2010 return). 1040ez form and instructions She enters the results on Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions Form 1040, page 1. 1040ez form and instructions   Joan completes page 1 of the Form 1040 and enters the adjusted gross income on the first line of Form 1040, page 2. 1040ez form and instructions Schedule A (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions   During 2011, the estate paid mortgage interest and real property tax on Mr. 1040ez form and instructions Smith's former residence. 1040ez form and instructions It also paid income tax to the state. 1040ez form and instructions Joan enters the mortgage interest, real estate tax, and income tax on Schedule A. 1040ez form and instructions Also, she reports the bankruptcy estate's administrative expenses as a miscellaneous deduction not subject to the 2% floor on miscellaneous itemized deductions. 1040ez form and instructions She completes the Schedule A and enters the result on page 2 of Form 1040. 1040ez form and instructions Form 1040, page 2. 1040ez form and instructions   Joan determines the estate's taxable income and figures its tax using the tax rate schedule for married filing separately. 1040ez form and instructions She then enters the estate's estimated tax payments and figures the amount the estate still owes. 1040ez form and instructions Form 982. 1040ez form and instructions   Joan completes the Schedule D Tax Worksheet to figure the capital loss carryover. 1040ez form and instructions Because $70,000 of debt was canceled, Joan must reduce the tax attributes of the estate by the amount of the canceled debt. 1040ez form and instructions See Debt Cancellation, later. 1040ez form and instructions After the bankruptcy case ends, Mr. 1040ez form and instructions Smith will assume the estate's tax attributes. 1040ez form and instructions Mr. 1040ez form and instructions Smith will assume a capital loss carryover of $53,500 ($123,500 carryover minus the $70,000 attribute reduction) for use in preparation of his individual tax return (Form 1040). 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions If the bankruptcy estate had continued, the capital loss carryover would be available to the bankruptcy estate for the 2012 tax year. 1040ez form and instructions Form 1041. 1040ez form and instructions   Joan enters the total tax, estimated tax payments, and tax due from Form 1040 on Form 1041. 1040ez form and instructions She completes the identification area at the top of Form 1041, then signs and dates the return as the trustee on behalf of the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Form 1040 - page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Form 1040 - page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Schedule A This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Schedule B This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Schedule D This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Schedule E This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Form 4797 - page 1 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Form 2119 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Form 4797 - page 2 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Form 4562 This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Capital Loss Carryover Worksheet This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. 1040ez form and instructions Please click the link to view the image. 1040ez form and instructions Sample Form 982 Capital Loss Carryover Worksheet—Lines 6 and 14 Use this worksheet to figure your capital loss carryovers from 2010 to 2011 if your 2010 Schedule D, line 21, is a loss and (a) that loss is a smaller loss than the loss on your 2010 Schedule D, line 16, or (b) the amount on your 2010 Form 1040, line 41 (or your 2010 Form 1040NR, line 38, if applicable) is less than zero. 1040ez form and instructions Otherwise, you do not have any carryovers. 1040ez form and instructions 1. 1040ez form and instructions Enter the amount from your 2010 Form 1040, line 41, or Form 1040NR, line 38. 1040ez form and instructions If a loss, enclose the amount in parentheses 1. 1040ez form and instructions 19,880   2. 1040ez form and instructions Enter the loss from your 2010 Schedule D, line 21, as a positive amount 2. 1040ez form and instructions 1,500   3. 1040ez form and instructions Combine lines 1 and 2. 1040ez form and instructions If zero or less, enter -0- 3. 1040ez form and instructions 21,380   4. 1040ez form and instructions Enter the smaller of line 2 or line 3 4. 1040ez form and instructions 1,500     If line 7 of your 2010 Schedule D is a loss, go to line 5; otherwise, enter -0- on line 5 and go to line 9. 1040ez form and instructions       5. 1040ez form and instructions Enter the loss from your 2010 Schedule D, line 7, as a positive amount 5. 1040ez form and instructions 0   6. 1040ez form and instructions Enter any gain from your 2010 Schedule D, line 15. 1040ez form and instructions If a loss, enter -0- 6. 1040ez form and instructions         7. 1040ez form and instructions Add lines 4 and 6 7. 1040ez form and instructions 1,500   8. 1040ez form and instructions Short-term capital loss carryover for 2011. 1040ez form and instructions Subtract line 7 from line 5. 1040ez form and instructions If zero or less, enter -0-. 1040ez form and instructions If more than zero, also enter this amount on Schedule D, line 6 8. 1040ez form and instructions 0     If line 15 of your 2010 Schedule D is a loss, go to line 9; otherwise, skip lines 9 through 13. 1040ez form and instructions       9. 1040ez form and instructions Enter the loss from your 2010 Schedule D, line 15, as a positive amount 9. 1040ez form and instructions 251,500   10. 1040ez form and instructions Enter any gain from your 2010 Schedule D, line 7. 1040ez form and instructions If a loss, enter -0- 10. 1040ez form and instructions 0       11. 1040ez form and instructions Subtract line 5 from line 4. 1040ez form and instructions If zero or less, enter -0- 11. 1040ez form and instructions 1,500       12. 1040ez form and instructions Add lines 10 and 11 12. 1040ez form and instructions 1,500   13. 1040ez form and instructions Long-term capital loss carryover for 2011. 1040ez form and instructions Subtract line 12 from line 9. 1040ez form and instructions If zero or less, enter -0-. 1040ez form and instructions If more than zero, also enter this amount on Schedule D, line 14 13. 1040ez form and instructions 250,000                       Partnerships and Corporations Filing Requirements A separate taxable estate is not created when a partnership or corporation files a bankruptcy petition and their tax return filing requirements do not change. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor-in-possession, court appointed trustee, assignee, or receiver must file the entity's income tax returns on Form 1065, Form 1120 or, Form 1120S. 1040ez form and instructions In cases where a trustee or receiver is not appointed, the debtor-in-possession continues business operations and remains in possession of the business' property during the bankruptcy proceeding. 1040ez form and instructions The debtor-in-possession, rather than the general partner of a partnership or corporate officer of a corporation, assumes the fiduciary responsibility to file the business' tax returns. 1040ez form and instructions Partnerships The filing requirements for a partnership in a bankruptcy proceeding do not change. 1040ez form and instructions However, the responsibility to file the required returns becomes that of the court appointed trustee, receiver, or debtor-in-possession. 1040ez form and instructions A partnership's debt that is canceled as a result of the bankruptcy proceeding is not included in the partnership's income. 1040ez form and instructions However, It may or may not be included in the individual partners' income. 1040ez form and instructions See Partnerships, below under Debt Cancellation. 1040ez form and instructions Corporations The filing requirements for a corporation in a bankruptcy proceeding also do not change. 1040ez form and instructions A bankruptcy trustee, receiver, or debtor-in-possession, having possession of or holding title to substantially all of the property or business operations of the debtor corporation, must file the debtor's corporate income tax return for the tax year. 1040ez form and instructions The following discussion only highlights bankruptcy tax rules applying to corporations. 1040ez form and instructions The complex details of corporate bankruptcy reorganizations are beyond the scope of this publication. 1040ez form and instructions Therefore, you may wish to seek the help of a professional tax advisor. 1040ez form and instructions See Corporations under Debt Cancellation for information about a corporation's debt canceled in a bankruptcy proceeding. 1040ez form and instructions Tax-Free Reorganizations The tax-free reorganization provisions of the Internal Revenue Code allow a corporation to transfer all or part of its assets to another corporation in a bankruptcy under title 11 of the United States Code or in a similar case. 1040ez form and instructions However, under the reorganization plan, the stock or securities of the corporation to which the assets are transferred must be distributed in a transaction that qualifies under IRC section 354, 355, or 356. 1040ez form and instructions A “similar case” includes a receivership, foreclosure, or other similar proceeding in a federal or state court. 1040ez form and instructions In these cases, any party to the reorganization must be under the jurisdiction of the court and the transfer of assets under the plan of reorganization must be approved by the court. 1040ez form and instructions In a receivership, foreclosure, or similar proceeding before a federal or state agency involving certain financial institutions, the agency is treated as a court. 1040ez form and instructions Generally, IRC section 354 provides that no gain or loss is recognized if a corporation's stock is exchanged solely for stock or securities in a corporation that is a party to the reorganization under a qualifying reorganization plan. 1040ez form and instructions In this case, shareholders in the bankrupt corporation would recognize no gain or loss if they exchange their stock solely for stock or securities of the corporation acquiring the bankrupt corporation's assets. 1040ez form and instructions IRC section 355 generally provides that no gain or loss is recognized by a shareholder if a corporation distributes solely stock or securities of another corporation that the distributing corporation controls immediately before the distribution. 1040ez form and instructions IRC section 356 allows tax-free exchanges in situations that would qualify under IRC section 354 or 355, except that other property or money, in addition to the permitted stock or securities, is received by the shareholder. 1040ez form and instructions In this situation, gain is recognized by the shareholder, but only to the extent of the money and the FMV of the other property received. 1040ez form and instructions No loss is recognized in this situation. 1040ez form and instructions Exemption from tax return filing A trustee, receiver, or assignee of a corporation in bankruptcy, receivership, or in the process of dissolving, may apply to the IRS for relief from filing federal income tax returns for the corporation. 1040ez form and instructions To qualify, the corporation must have ceased business operations and have no assets nor income for the tax year. 1040ez form and instructions The exemption request must be submitted to the local IRS Insolvency Office handling the case. 1040ez form and instructions The request to the IRS must include the name, address, and EIN of the corporation and a statement of the facts (with any supporting documents) showing why the debtor needs relief from the filing requirements. 1040ez form and instructions The request must also include the following statement: “I hereby request relief from filing federal income tax returns for tax years ending _____ for the above-named corporation and declare under penalties of perjury that to the best of my knowledge and belief the information contained herein is correct. 1040ez form and instructions ” The statement must be signed by the trustee, receiver or assignee. 1040ez form and instructions The statement must also include notice of appointment to act on behalf of the corporation (this is not required for bankruptcy trustees or debtors-in-possession). 1040ez form and instructions The IRS will act on your request within 90 days. 1040ez form and instructions Disclosure of return information to trustee. 1040ez form and instructions   Upon written request, current and earlier returns of the debtor are open to inspection by or disclosure to the trustee or receiver. 1040ez form and instructions However, in bankruptcy cases other than those of individuals filing under chapter 7 or 11, such as a corporate bankruptcy, the IRS must find that the trustee has a material interest that will be affected by information on the return. 1040ez form and instructions Material interest is generally defined as a financial or monetary interest. 1040ez form and instructions Material interest is not limited to the trustee's responsibility to file a return on behalf of the bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions Receiverships Court-established receiverships sometimes arise in connection with bankruptcies. 1040ez form and instructions Certain court-established receiverships should be treated as qualified settlement funds ("QSFs") for purposes of IRC section 468B and the underlying Treasury Regulations. 1040ez form and instructions QSFs are required to file an annual income tax return, Form 1120-SF, U. 1040ez form and instructions S. 1040ez form and instructions Income Tax Return for Settlement Funds. 1040ez form and instructions More information about QSFs may be found in Treasury Regulation sections 1. 1040ez form and instructions 468B-1 through -5. 1040ez form and instructions Determination of Tax The determination of the proper amount of tax due for a tax year begins with the bankruptcy estate's filing of Form 1041, and the individual debtor's filing of Form 1040, or for bankrupt entities filing Forms 1065, 1120, or 1120S. 1040ez form and instructions After a return is filed, the IRS will either accept the return as filed or select the return for examination. 1040ez form and instructions Under examination the IRS may redetermine the tax liability shown on the return. 1040ez form and instructions If the bankruptcy estate or debtor disagrees with the redetermined tax due, the tax as redetermined by the IRS may be contested in the bankruptcy court, or Tax Court, as applicable. 1040ez form and instructions See Court Jurisdiction over Tax Matters, later. 1040ez form and instructions Prompt Determination Requests Pursuant to Rev. 1040ez form and instructions Proc. 1040ez form and instructions 2006-24, 2006-22 I. 1040ez form and instructions R. 1040ez form and instructions B. 1040ez form and instructions 943, www. 1040ez form and instructions irs. 1040ez form and instructions gov/irb/2006-22_IRB/ar12, as modified by Announcement 2011-77, www. 1040ez form and instructions irs. 1040ez form and instructions gov/irb/2011-51_IRB/ar13, the bankruptcy trustee may request a determination of any unpaid tax liability incurred by the bankruptcy estate during the administration of the case, by filing a tax return and a request for such determination with the IRS. 1040ez form and instructions Unless the return is fraudulent or contains a material misrepresentation, the estate, trustee, debtor, and any successor to the debtor are discharged from liability upon payment of the tax: As determined by the IRS, As determined by the bankruptcy court, after completion of the IRS examination, or As shown on the return, if the IRS does not: Notify the trustee within 60 days after the request for determination that the return has been selected for examination, or Complete the examination and notify the trustee of any tax due within 180 days after the request (or any additional time permitted by the bankruptcy court). 1040ez form and instructions Making the request for determination. 1040ez form and instructions   As detailed in Rev. 1040ez form and instructions Proc. 1040ez form and instructions 2006-24, as modified by Announcement 2011-77, to request a prompt determination of any unpaid tax liability of the estate, the trustee must file a signed written request, in duplicate, with the Internal Revenue Service, Centralized Insolvency Operation, P. 1040ez form and instructions O. 1040ez form and instructions Box 7346, Philadelphia, PA 19101–7346 (marked “Request for Prompt Determination”). 1040ez form and instructions   The request must be submitted in duplicate and must be executed under penalties of perjury. 1040ez form and instructions In addition, the trustee must submit along with the request an exact copy of the return(s) filed by the trustee with the IRS for each completed tax period. 1040ez form and instructions The request must contain the following information: A statement indicating that it is a Request for Prompt Determination of Tax Liability, specifying the type of return and tax period for each return being filed. 1040ez form and instructions The name and location of the office where the return was filed. 1040ez form and instructions The name of the debtor. 1040ez form and instructions Debtor's social security number, TIN, or EIN. 1040ez form and instructions Type of bankruptcy estate. 1040ez form and instructions Bankruptcy case number. 1040ez form and instructions Court where the bankruptcy case is pending. 1040ez form and instructions   The copy of the return(s) submitted with the request must be an exact copy of a valid return. 1040ez form and instructions A request for prompt determination will be considered incomplete and returned to the trustee if it is filed with a copy of a document that does not qualify as a valid return. 1040ez form and instructions    To qualify as valid, a return must meet certain criteria, including a signature under penalties of perjury. 1040ez form and instructions A document filed by the trustee with the jurat stricken, deleted, or modified will not qualify as a valid return. 1040ez form and instructions Examination of return. 1040ez form and instructions   The IRS will notify the trustee within 60 days from receipt of the request whether the return filed by the trustee has been selected for examination or has been accepted as filed. 1040ez form and instructions If the return is selected for examination, it will be examined as soon as possible. 1040ez form and instructions The IRS will notify the trustee of any tax due within 180 days from receipt of the application or within any additional time permitted by the bankruptcy court. 1040ez form and instructions   If a prompt determination request is incomplete, all the documents received by the IRS will be returned to the trustee by the assigned Field Insolvency Office with an explanation identifying the missing item(s) and instructions to re-file the request once corrected. 1040ez form and instructions   Once corrected, the request must be filed with the IRS at the Field Insolvency Office address specified in the correspondence accompanying the returned incomplete request. 1040ez form and instructions   In the case of an incomplete request submitted with a copy of an invalid return document, the trustee must file a valid original return with the appropriate IRS office and submit a copy of that return with the corrected request when the request is re-filed. 1040ez form and instructions Note. 1040ez form and instructions An incomplete request includes those submitted with a copy of a return form, the original of which does not qualify as a valid return. 1040ez form and instructions   The 60-day period to notify the trustee whether the return is accepted as filed or has been selected for examination does not begin to run until a complete request package is recei