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1040 ez Publication 947 - Additional Material Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Know the Facts

When you borrow money to buy a car or truck, the lender can take your vehicle back if you miss a payment or in some other way violate the contract. You should also be aware that the lender:

  • Can repossess with cause without advance notice;
  • Can insist you pay off the entire loan balance in order to get the repossessed vehicle back;
  • Can sell the vehicle at auction;
  • Might be able to sue you for the difference between the vehicle's auction price and what you owe
  • Cannot break into your home or physically threaten someone while taking the vehicle

If you know you're going to be late with a payment, talk to the lender to try to work things out. If you and the lender reach an agreement, be sure you get the agreement in writing. Contact your state or local consumer protection office to find out whether your state gives you any additional rights.

Beware of Car Title Loans

Chances are you have seen or heard an ad for a car title loan to help you make ends meet. In a title loan, a consumer in need of quick cash uses the car title as collateral for a short term loan. No job or postdated checks are required. Sounds simple enough, right? Wrong.

What the title lenders don't say in their ads is that you have to turn over your car title and keys when you get the loan. They'll loan you a small fraction of the car value at sky high interest rates- as much as 25% for one month (300% APR) !!! At the end of the month you are expected to pay the whole amount back, plus the interest.

If you can't pay the loan there are only two options. You could roll the loan over for another month, with more fees and interest. However, as the loan amount increases, it becomes almost impossible to repay the debt. The other option is for the lender to repossess your car. Unfortunately, there is no federal regulation of title loans now, but some states have put some rules in place to regulate the interest charged by these lenders.

The 1040 Ez

1040 ez Publication 929 - Main Content Table of Contents Part 1. 1040 ez Rules for All Dependents Filing RequirementsEarned Income Only Unearned Income Only Both Earned and Unearned Income Other Filing Requirements Should a Return Be Filed Even If Not Required? Responsibility for Child's ReturnThird party designee. 1040 ez Designated as representative. 1040 ez IRS notice. 1040 ez Standard DeductionStandard Deduction of Zero Dependent's Own Exemption Withholding From WagesExceptions. 1040 ez Part 2. 1040 ez Tax on Unearned Income of Certain ChildrenWhich Parent's Return To Use Parent's Election To Report Child's Interest and DividendsEffect of Making the Election Figuring Child's Income Figuring Additional Tax Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned IncomeProviding Parental Information (Form 8615, Lines A–C) Step 1. 1040 ez Figuring the Child's Net Unearned Income (Form 8615, Part I) Step 2. 1040 ez Figuring a Tentative Tax at the Parent's Tax Rate (Form 8615, Part II) Step 3. 1040 ez Figuring the Child's Tax (Form 8615, Part III) Alternative Minimum Tax Illustrated Example Part 1. 1040 ez Rules for All Dependents This part of the publication discusses the filing requirements for dependents, who is responsible for a child's return, how to figure a dependent's standard deduction and exemption (if any), and whether a dependent can claim exemption from federal income tax withholding. 1040 ez Filing Requirements Whether a dependent has to file a return generally depends on the amount of the dependent's earned and unearned income and whether the dependent is married, is age 65 or older, or is blind. 1040 ez A dependent may have to file a return even if his or her income is less than the amount that would normally require a return. 1040 ez See Other Filing Requirements, later. 1040 ez The following sections apply to dependents with: Earned income only, Unearned income only, and Both earned and unearned income. 1040 ez  To find out whether a dependent must file, read the section that applies, or use Table 1. 1040 ez Earned Income Only A dependent whose gross income is only earned income must file a return if the gross income is more than the amount listed in the following table. 1040 ez Marital Status Amount Single   Under 65 and not blind $6,100 Either 65 or older or blind $7,600 65 or older and blind $9,100 Married*   Under 65 and not blind $6,100 Either 65 or older or blind $7,300 65 or older and blind $8,500 *If a dependent's spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return, the dependent must file a return if the dependent has $5 or more of gross income (earned and/or unearned). 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez William is 16. 1040 ez His mother claims an exemption for him on her income tax return. 1040 ez He worked part time on weekends during the school year and full time during the summer. 1040 ez He earned $7,000 in wages. 1040 ez He did not have any unearned income. 1040 ez He must file a tax return because he has earned income only and his gross income is more than $6,100. 1040 ez If he is blind, he does not have to file a return because his gross income is not more than $7,600. 1040 ez Unearned Income Only A dependent whose gross income is only unearned income must file a return if the gross income is more than the amount listed in the following table. 1040 ez Marital Status Amount Single   Under 65 and not blind $1,000 Either 65 or older or blind $2,500 65 or older and blind $4,000 Married*   Under 65 and not blind $1,000 Either 65 or older or blind $2,200 65 or older and blind $3,400 *If a dependent's spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return, the dependent must file a return if the dependent has $5 or more of gross income (earned and/or unearned). 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez Sarah is 18 and single. 1040 ez Her parents can claim an exemption for her on their income tax return. 1040 ez She received $1,970 of taxable interest and dividend income. 1040 ez She did not work during the year. 1040 ez She must file a tax return because she has unearned income only and her gross income is more than $1,000. 1040 ez If she is blind, she does not have to file a return because she has unearned income only and her gross income is not more than $2,500. 1040 ez Election to report child's unearned income on parent's return. 1040 ez   A parent of a child under age 19 (or under age 24 if a full-time student) may be able to elect to include the child's interest and dividend income on the parent's return. 1040 ez See Parent's Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends in Part 2. 1040 ez If the parent makes this election, the child does not have to file a return. 1040 ez Both Earned and Unearned Income A dependent who has both earned and unearned income generally must file a return if the dependent's gross income is more than line 5 of the following worksheet. 1040 ez Filing Requirement Worksheet for Most Dependents 1. 1040 ez Enter dependent's earned income plus $350     2. 1040 ez Minimum amount   $1,000 3. 1040 ez Compare lines 1 and 2. 1040 ez Enter the larger amount     4. 1040 ez Maximum amount   6,100 5. 1040 ez Compare lines 3 and 4. 1040 ez Enter the smaller amount     6. 1040 ez Enter the dependent's gross income. 1040 ez If line 6 is more than line 5, the dependent must file an income tax return. 1040 ez If the dependent is married and his or her spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return, the dependent must file an income tax return if line 6 is $5 or more. 1040 ez       Table 1. 1040 ez 2013 Filing Requirements for Dependents If your parent (or someone else) can claim you as a dependent, use this table to see if you must file a return. 1040 ez   See the definitions of “dependent,”“earned income,”“unearned income,” and “gross income” in the Glossary. 1040 ez   Single dependents—Were you either age 65 or older or blind?     No. 1040 ez You must file a return if any of the following apply. 1040 ez       Your unearned income was over $1,000. 1040 ez Your earned income was over $6,100. 1040 ez Your gross income was more than the larger of—       $1,000, or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $350. 1040 ez         Yes. 1040 ez You must file a return if any of the following apply. 1040 ez     Your unearned income was over $2,500 ($4,000 if 65 or older and blind), Your earned income was over $7,600 ($9,100 if 65 or older and blind), Your gross income was more than the larger of—       $2,500 ($4,000 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $1,850 ($3,350 if 65 or older and blind). 1040 ez       Married dependents—Were you either age 65 or older or blind?     No. 1040 ez You must file a return if any of the following apply. 1040 ez       Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. 1040 ez Your unearned income was over $1,000. 1040 ez Your earned income was over $6,100. 1040 ez Your gross income was more than the larger of—       $1,000, or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $350. 1040 ez       Yes. 1040 ez You must file a return if any of the following apply. 1040 ez       Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. 1040 ez Your unearned income was over $2,200 ($3,400 if 65 or older and blind), Your earned income was over $7,300 ($8,500 if 65 or older and blind), Your gross income was more than the larger of—       $2,200 ($3,400 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $5,750) plus $1,550 ($2,750 if 65 or older and blind). 1040 ez       Example 1. 1040 ez Joe is 20, single, not blind, and a full-time college student. 1040 ez He does not provide more than half of his own support, and his parents claim an exemption for him on their income tax return. 1040 ez He received $200 taxable interest income and earned $2,750 from a part-time job. 1040 ez He does not have to file a tax return because his gross income of $2,950 ($200 interest plus $2,750 in wages) is not more than $3,100, the amount on line 5 of his filled-in Filing Requirement Worksheet for Most Dependents (shown next). 1040 ez Filled-in Example 1 Filing Requirement Worksheet  for Most Dependents 1. 1040 ez Enter dependent's earned income plus $350   $ 3,100 2. 1040 ez Minimum amount   1,000 3. 1040 ez Compare lines 1 and 2. 1040 ez Enter the larger amount   3,100 4. 1040 ez Maximum amount   6,100 5. 1040 ez Compare lines 3 and 4. 1040 ez Enter the smaller amount   3,100 6. 1040 ez Enter the dependent's gross income. 1040 ez If line 6 is more than line 5, the dependent must file an income tax return. 1040 ez If the dependent is married and his or her spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return, the dependent must file an income tax return if line 6 is $5 or more. 1040 ez   $ 2,950   Example 2. 1040 ez The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that Joe had $600 taxable interest income. 1040 ez He must file a tax return because his gross income of $3,350 ($600 interest plus $2,750 wages) is more than $3,100, the amount on line 5 of his filled-in worksheet (shown next). 1040 ez Filled-in Example 2 Filing Requirement Worksheet for Most Dependents 1. 1040 ez Enter dependent's earned income plus $350   $ 3,100 2. 1040 ez Minimum amount   1,000 3. 1040 ez Compare lines 1 and 2. 1040 ez Enter the larger amount   3,100 4. 1040 ez Maximum amount   6,100 5. 1040 ez Compare lines 3 and 4. 1040 ez Enter the smaller amount   3,100 6. 1040 ez Enter the dependent's gross income. 1040 ez If line 6 is more than line 5, the dependent must file an income tax return. 1040 ez If the dependent is married and his or her spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return, the dependent must file an income tax return if line 6 is $5 or more. 1040 ez   $ 3,350   Age 65 or older or blind. 1040 ez A dependent who is age 65 or older or blind must file a return if his or her gross income is more than line 7 of the following worksheet. 1040 ez Filing Requirement Worksheet  for Dependents Who Are Age 65 or Older or Blind 1. 1040 ez Enter dependent's earned income plus $350     2. 1040 ez Minimum amount   $1,000 3. 1040 ez Compare lines 1 and 2. 1040 ez Enter the larger amount     4. 1040 ez Maximum amount   6,100 5. 1040 ez Compare lines 3 and 4. 1040 ez Enter the smaller amount     6. 1040 ez Enter the amount from the following table that applies to the dependent       Marital Status Amount     Single         Either 65 or older or blind $1,500       65 or older and blind $3,000     Married         Either 65 or older or blind $1,200       65 or older and blind $2,400   7. 1040 ez Add lines 5 and 6. 1040 ez Enter the total     8. 1040 ez Enter the dependent's gross income. 1040 ez If line 8 is more than line 7, the dependent must file an income tax return. 1040 ez If the dependent is married and his or her spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return, the dependent must file an income tax return if line 8 is $5 or more     Example 3. 1040 ez The facts are the same as in Example 2 except that Joe is also blind. 1040 ez He does not have to file a return because his gross income of $3,350 is not more than $4,600, the amount on line 7 of his filled-in Filing Requirement Worksheet for Dependents Who Are Age 65 or Older or Blind (shown next). 1040 ez   Filled-in Example 3 Filing Requirement Worksheet  for Dependents Who Are Age 65 or Older or Blind 1. 1040 ez Enter dependent's earned income plus $350   $3,100 2. 1040 ez Minimum amount   1,000 3. 1040 ez Compare lines 1 and 2. 1040 ez Enter the larger amount   3,100 4. 1040 ez Maximum amount   6,100 5. 1040 ez Compare lines 3 and 4. 1040 ez Enter the smaller amount   3,100 6. 1040 ez Enter the amount from the following table that applies to the dependent   1,500   Marital Status Amount     Single         Either 65 or older or blind $1,500       65 or older and blind $3,000     Married         Either 65 or older or blind $1,200       65 or older and blind $2,400   7. 1040 ez Add lines 5 and 6. 1040 ez Enter the total   4,600 8. 1040 ez Enter the dependent's gross income. 1040 ez If line 8 is more than line 7, the dependent must file an income tax return. 1040 ez If the dependent is married and his or her spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return, the dependent must file an income tax return if line 8 is $5 or more   $3,350 Other Filing Requirements Some dependents may have to file a tax return even if their income is less than the amount that would normally require them to file a return. 1040 ez A dependent must file a tax return if he or she owes any other taxes, such as: Social security and Medicare taxes on tips not reported to his or her employer or on wages received from an employer who did not withhold these taxes, Uncollected social security and Medicare or railroad retirement taxes on tips reported to his or her employer or on group-term life insurance, Alternative minimum tax, Additional tax on a health savings account from Form 8889, Part III, Recapture taxes, such as the tax from recapture of an education credit, or Additional tax on a qualified plan, including an individual retirement arrangement (IRA), or other tax-favored account. 1040 ez But if the dependent is filing a return only because of this tax, the dependent can file Form 5329 by itself. 1040 ez A dependent must also file a tax return if he or she: Had wages of $108. 1040 ez 28 or more from a church or qualified church-controlled organization that is exempt from employer social security and Medicare taxes, or Had net earnings from self-employment of at least $400. 1040 ez Spouse itemizes. 1040 ez   A dependent must file a return if the dependent's spouse itemizes deductions on a separate return and the dependent has $5 or more of gross income (earned and/or unearned). 1040 ez Should a Return Be Filed Even If Not Required? Even if a dependent does not meet any of the filing requirements discussed earlier, he or she should file a tax return if either of the following applies. 1040 ez Income tax was withheld from his or her income. 1040 ez He or she qualifies for the earned income credit, additional child tax credit, health coverage tax credit, or refundable American opportunity education credit. 1040 ez See the tax return instructions to find out who qualifies for these credits. 1040 ez  By filing a return, the dependent can get a refund. 1040 ez Responsibility for Child's Return Generally, a child is responsible for filing his or her own tax return and for paying any tax, penalties, or interest on that return. 1040 ez If a child cannot file his or her own return for any reason, such as age, the child's parent, guardian, or other legally responsible person must file it for the child. 1040 ez Signing the child's return. 1040 ez   If the child cannot sign his or her return, a parent or guardian must sign the child's name followed by the words “By (signature), parent (or guardian) for minor child. 1040 ez ” Authority of parent or guardian. 1040 ez   A parent or guardian who signs a return on a child's behalf can deal with the IRS on all matters connected with the return. 1040 ez   In general, a parent or guardian who does not sign the child's return can only provide information concerning the child's return and pay the child's tax. 1040 ez That parent or guardian is not entitled to receive information from the IRS or legally bind the child to a tax liability arising from the return. 1040 ez Third party designee. 1040 ez   A child's parent or guardian who does not sign the child's return may be authorized, as a third party designee, to discuss the processing of the return with the IRS as well as provide information concerning the return. 1040 ez The child or the person signing the return on the child's behalf must check the “Yes” box in the “Third Party Designee” area of the return and name the parent or guardian as the designee. 1040 ez   If designated, a parent or guardian can respond to certain IRS notices and receive information about the processing of the return and the status of a refund or payment. 1040 ez This designation does not authorize the parent or guardian to receive any refund check, bind the child to any tax liability, or otherwise represent the child before the IRS. 1040 ez See the return instructions for more information. 1040 ez Designated as representative. 1040 ez   A parent or guardian who does not sign the child's return may be designated as the child's representative by the child or the person signing the return on the child's behalf. 1040 ez Form 2848, Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative, is used to designate a child's representative. 1040 ez See Publication 947, Practice Before the IRS and Power of Attorney, for more information. 1040 ez   If designated, a parent or guardian can receive information about the child's return but cannot legally bind the child to a tax liability unless authorized to do so by the law of the state in which the child lives. 1040 ez IRS notice. 1040 ez   If you or the child receives a notice from the IRS concerning the child's return or tax liability, you should immediately inform the IRS that the notice concerns a child. 1040 ez The notice will show who to contact. 1040 ez The IRS will try to resolve the matter with the parent(s) or guardian(s) of the child consistent with their authority. 1040 ez Child's earnings. 1040 ez   For federal income tax purposes, amounts a child earns by performing services are included in the gross income of the child and not the gross income of the parent. 1040 ez This is true even if, under state law, the parent has the right to the earnings and may actually have received them. 1040 ez If the child does not pay the tax due on this income, the parent may be liable for the tax. 1040 ez Child's expenses. 1040 ez   Deductions for payments that are made out of a child's earnings are the child's, even if the payments are made by the parent. 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez You made payments on your child's behalf that are deductible as a business expense and a charitable contribution. 1040 ez You made the payments out of your child's earnings. 1040 ez These items can be deducted only on the child's return. 1040 ez Standard Deduction The standard deduction for an individual who can be claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return is generally limited to the larger of: $1,000, or The individual's earned income plus $350, but not more than the regular standard deduction (generally $6,100). 1040 ez However, the standard deduction may be higher for a dependent who: Is 65 or older, or Is blind. 1040 ez Certain dependents cannot claim any standard deduction. 1040 ez See Standard Deduction of Zero , later. 1040 ez Worksheet 1. 1040 ez   Use Worksheet 1 to figure the dependent's standard deduction. 1040 ez Worksheet 1. 1040 ez Standard Deduction Worksheet for Dependents Use this worksheet only if someone else can claim you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) as a dependent. 1040 ez If you were 65 or older and/or blind, check the correct number of boxes below. 1040 ez Put the total number of boxes checked in box c and go to line 1. 1040 ez a. 1040 ez You 65 or older   Blind   b. 1040 ez Your spouse, if claiming  spouse's exemption 65 or older   Blind   c. 1040 ez Total boxes checked         1. 1040 ez Enter your earned income (defined below) plus $350. 1040 ez If none, enter -0-. 1040 ez 1. 1040 ez     2. 1040 ez Minimum amount. 1040 ez   2. 1040 ez $1,000   3. 1040 ez Compare lines 1 and 2. 1040 ez Enter the larger of the two amounts here. 1040 ez 3. 1040 ez     4. 1040 ez Enter on line 4 the amount shown below for your filing status. 1040 ez       Single or Married filing separately—$6,100 Married filing jointly—$12,200 Head of household—$8,950 4. 1040 ez     5. 1040 ez Standard deduction. 1040 ez         a. 1040 ez Compare lines 3 and 4. 1040 ez Enter the smaller amount here. 1040 ez If under 65 and not blind, stop here. 1040 ez This is your standard deduction. 1040 ez Otherwise, go on to line 5b. 1040 ez 5a. 1040 ez     b. 1040 ez If 65 or older or blind, multiply $1,500 ($1,200 if married) by the number in box c above. 1040 ez Enter the result here. 1040 ez 5b. 1040 ez     c. 1040 ez Add lines 5a and 5b. 1040 ez This is your standard deduction for 2013. 1040 ez 5c. 1040 ez     Earned income includes wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, and other compensation received for personal services you performed. 1040 ez It also includes any amount received as a scholarship that you must include in income. 1040 ez   Example 1. 1040 ez Michael is single, age 15, and not blind. 1040 ez His parents can claim him as a dependent on their tax return. 1040 ez He has taxable interest income of $800 and wages of $150. 1040 ez He enters $500 (his earned income plus $350) on line 1 of Worksheet 1. 1040 ez On line 3, he enters $1,000, the larger of $500 or $1,000. 1040 ez Michael enters $6,100 on line 4. 1040 ez On line 5a, he enters $1,000, the smaller of $1,000 or $6,100. 1040 ez His standard deduction is $1,000. 1040 ez Example 2. 1040 ez Judy, a full-time student, is single, age 22, and not blind. 1040 ez Her parents can claim her as a dependent on their tax return. 1040 ez She has dividend income of $275 and wages of $2,500. 1040 ez She enters $2,850 (her earned income plus $350) on line 1 of Worksheet 1. 1040 ez On line 3, she enters $2,850, the larger of $2,850 or $1,000. 1040 ez She enters $6,100 on line 4. 1040 ez On line 5a, she enters $2,850 (the smaller of $2,850 or $6,100) as her standard deduction. 1040 ez Example 3. 1040 ez Amy, who is single, is claimed as a dependent on her parents' tax return. 1040 ez She is 18 years old and blind. 1040 ez She has taxable interest income of $1,000 and wages of $2,000. 1040 ez She enters $2,350 (her earned income plus $350) on line 1 of Worksheet 1. 1040 ez She enters $2,350 (the larger of $2,350 or $1,000) on line 3, $6,100 on line 4, and $2,350 (the smaller of $2,350 or $6,100) on line 5a. 1040 ez Because Amy is blind, she checks the box for blindness and enters “1” in box c at the top of Worksheet 1. 1040 ez She enters $1,500 (the number in box c times $1,500) on line 5b. 1040 ez Her standard deduction on line 5c is $3,850 ($2,350 + $1,500). 1040 ez Standard Deduction of Zero The standard deduction for the following dependents is zero. 1040 ez A married dependent filing a separate return whose spouse itemizes deductions. 1040 ez A dependent who files a return for a period of less than 12 months due to a change in his or her annual accounting period. 1040 ez A nonresident or dual-status alien dependent, unless the dependent is married to a U. 1040 ez S. 1040 ez citizen or resident alien at the end of the year and chooses to be treated as a U. 1040 ez S. 1040 ez resident for the year. 1040 ez See Publication 519, U. 1040 ez S. 1040 ez Tax Guide for Aliens, for information on making this choice. 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez Jennifer, who is a dependent of her parents, is entitled to file a joint return with her husband. 1040 ez However, her husband elects to file a separate return and itemize his deductions. 1040 ez Because he itemizes, Jennifer's standard deduction on her return is zero. 1040 ez She can, however, itemize any of her allowable deductions. 1040 ez Dependent's Own Exemption A person who can be claimed as a dependent on another taxpayer's return cannot claim his or her own exemption. 1040 ez This is true even if the other taxpayer does not actually claim the exemption. 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez James and Barbara can claim their child, Ben, as a dependent on their return. 1040 ez Ben is a college student who works during the summer and must file a tax return. 1040 ez Ben cannot claim his own exemption on his return. 1040 ez This is true even if James and Barbara do not claim him as a dependent on their return. 1040 ez Withholding From Wages Employers generally withhold federal income tax, social security tax, and Medicare tax from an employee's wages. 1040 ez If the employee claims exemption from withholding on Form W-4, the employer will not withhold federal income tax. 1040 ez The exemption from withholding does not apply to social security and Medicare taxes. 1040 ez Conditions for exemption from withholding. 1040 ez   An employee can claim exemption from withholding for 2014 only if he or she meets both of the following conditions. 1040 ez For 2013, the employee had a right to a refund of all federal income tax withheld because he or she had no tax liability. 1040 ez For 2014, the employee expects a refund of all federal income tax withheld because he or she expects to have no tax liability. 1040 ez Dependents. 1040 ez   An employee who is a dependent ordinarily cannot claim exemption from withholding if both of the following are true. 1040 ez The employee's gross income will be more than $1,000, the minimum standard deduction for 2014. 1040 ez The employee's unearned income will be more than $350. 1040 ez Exceptions. 1040 ez   An employee may be able to claim exemption from withholding even if the employee is a dependent, if the employee: Is age 65 or older, Is blind, or Will claim on his or her 2014 tax return: Adjustments to income, Tax credits, or Itemized deductions. 1040 ez The above exceptions do not apply to supplemental wages greater than $1,000,000. 1040 ez For more information, see Exemption From Withholding in chapter 1 of Publication 505. 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez Guy is 17 and a student. 1040 ez During the summer he works part time at a grocery store. 1040 ez He expects to earn about $1,200 this year. 1040 ez He also worked at the store last summer and received a refund of all his withheld income tax because he did not have a tax liability. 1040 ez The only other income he expects during the year is $375 interest on a savings account. 1040 ez He expects that his parents will be able to claim him as a dependent on their tax return. 1040 ez He is not blind and will not claim adjustments to income, itemized deductions, a higher standard deduction, or tax credits on his return. 1040 ez Guy cannot claim exemption from withholding when he fills out Form W-4 because his parents will be able to claim him as a dependent, his gross income will be more than $1,000 (the minimum standard deduction amount) and his unearned income will be more than $350. 1040 ez Claiming exemption from withholding. 1040 ez    To claim exemption from withholding, an employee must enter “Exempt” in the space provided on Form W-4, line 7. 1040 ez The employee must complete the rest of the form, as explained in the form instructions, and give it to his or her employer. 1040 ez Renewing an exemption from withholding. 1040 ez   An exemption from withholding is good for only one year. 1040 ez An employee must file a new Form W-4 by February 15 each year to continue the exemption. 1040 ez Part 2. 1040 ez Tax on Unearned Income of Certain Children The two rules that follow may affect the tax on the unearned income of certain children. 1040 ez If the child's interest and dividend income (including capital gain distributions) total less than $10,000, the child's parent may be able to choose to include that income on the parent's return rather than file a return for the child. 1040 ez (See Parent's Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends , later. 1040 ez ) If the child's interest, dividends, and other unearned income total more than $2,000, part of that income may be taxed at the parent's tax rate instead of the child's tax rate. 1040 ez (See Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income , later. 1040 ez ) For these rules, the term “child” includes a legally adopted child and a stepchild. 1040 ez These rules apply whether or not the child is a dependent. 1040 ez These rules do not apply if neither of the child's parents were living at the end of the year. 1040 ez Which Parent's Return To Use If a child's parents are married to each other and file a joint return, use the joint return to figure the tax on the child's unearned income. 1040 ez The tax rate and other return information from that return are used to figure the child's tax as explained later under Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income . 1040 ez Parents Who Do Not File a Joint Return For parents who do not file a joint return, the following discussions explain which parent's tax return must be used to figure the tax. 1040 ez Only the parent whose tax return is used can make the election described under Parent's Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends . 1040 ez Parents are married. 1040 ez   If the child's parents file separate returns, use the return of the parent with the greater taxable income. 1040 ez Parents not living together. 1040 ez   If the child's parents are married to each other but not living together, and the parent with whom the child lives (the custodial parent) is considered unmarried, use the return of the custodial parent. 1040 ez If the custodial parent is not considered unmarried, use the return of the parent with the greater taxable income. 1040 ez   For an explanation of when a married person living apart from his or her spouse is considered unmarried, see Head of Household in Publication 501. 1040 ez Parents are divorced. 1040 ez   If the child's parents are divorced or legally separated, and the parent who had custody of the child for the greater part of the year (the custodial parent) has not remarried, use the return of the custodial parent. 1040 ez Custodial parent remarried. 1040 ez   If the custodial parent has remarried, the stepparent (rather than the noncustodial parent) is treated as the child's other parent. 1040 ez Therefore, if the custodial parent and the stepparent file a joint return, use that joint return. 1040 ez Do not use the return of the noncustodial parent. 1040 ez   If the custodial parent and the stepparent are married, but file separate returns, use the return of the one with the greater taxable income. 1040 ez If the custodial parent and the stepparent are married but not living together, the earlier discussion under Parents not living together applies. 1040 ez Parents never married. 1040 ez   If a child's parents have never been married to each other, but lived together all year, use the return of the parent with the greater taxable income. 1040 ez If the parents did not live together all year, the rules explained earlier under Parents are divorced apply. 1040 ez Widowed parent remarried. 1040 ez   If a widow or widower remarries, the new spouse is treated as the child's other parent. 1040 ez The rules explained earlier under Custodial parent remarried apply. 1040 ez Parent's Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends You may be able to elect to include your child's interest and dividend income (including capital gain distributions) on your tax return. 1040 ez If you do, your child will not have to file a return. 1040 ez You can make this election only if all the following conditions are met. 1040 ez Your child was under age 19 (or under age 24 if a full-time student) at the end of the year. 1040 ez Your child had income only from interest and dividends (including capital gain distributions and Alaska Permanent Fund dividends). 1040 ez The child's gross income was less than $10,000. 1040 ez The child is required to file a return unless you make this election. 1040 ez The child does not file a joint return for the year. 1040 ez No estimated tax payment was made for the year, and no overpayment from the previous year (or from any amended return) was applied to this year under your child's name and social security number. 1040 ez No federal income tax was withheld from your child's income under the backup withholding rules. 1040 ez You are the parent whose return must be used when applying the special tax rules for children. 1040 ez (See Which Parent's Return To Use , earlier. 1040 ez ) These conditions are also shown in Figure 1. 1040 ez Certain January 1 birthdays. 1040 ez   A child born on January 1, 1995, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2013. 1040 ez You cannot make this election for such a child unless the child was a full-time student. 1040 ez   A child born on January 1, 1990, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2013. 1040 ez You cannot make this election for such a child. 1040 ez How to make the election. 1040 ez    Make the election by attaching Form 8814 to your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. 1040 ez (If you make this election, you cannot file Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ. 1040 ez ) Attach a separate Form 8814 for each child for whom you make the election. 1040 ez You can make the election for one or more children and not for others. 1040 ez Effect of Making the Election The federal income tax on your child's income may be more if you make the Form 8814 election. 1040 ez Rate may be higher. 1040 ez   If your child received qualified dividends or capital gain distributions, you may pay up to $100 more tax if you make this election instead of filing a separate tax return for the child. 1040 ez This is because the tax rate on the child's income between $1,000 and $2,000 is 10% if you make this election. 1040 ez However, if you file a separate return for the child, the tax rate may be as low as 0% (zero percent) because of the preferential tax rates for qualified dividends and capital gain distributions. 1040 ez Deductions you cannot take. 1040 ez   By making the Form 8814 election, you cannot take any of the following deductions that the child would be entitled to on his or her return. 1040 ez The additional standard deduction if the child is blind. 1040 ez The deduction for a penalty on an early withdrawal of your child's savings. 1040 ez Itemized deductions (such as your child's investment expenses or charitable contributions). 1040 ez Figure 1. 1040 ez Can You Include Your Child's Income On Your Tax Return? Please click here for the text description of the image. 1040 ez Figure 1. 1040 ez Can You Include Your Child's Income On Your Tax Return? Deductible investment interest. 1040 ez   If you use Form 8814, your child's unearned income is considered your unearned income. 1040 ez To figure the limit on your deductible investment interest, add the child's unearned income to yours. 1040 ez However, if your child received qualified dividends, capital gain distributions, or Alaska Permanent Fund dividends, see chapter 3 of Publication 550 for information about how to figure the limit. 1040 ez Alternative minimum tax. 1040 ez    If your child received tax-exempt interest (or exempt-interest dividends paid by a regulated investment company) from certain private activity bonds, you must determine if that interest is a tax preference item for alternative minimum tax (AMT) purposes. 1040 ez If it is, you must include it with your own tax preference items when figuring your AMT. 1040 ez See Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax—Individuals, and its instructions for details. 1040 ez Reduced deductions or credits. 1040 ez   If you use Form 8814, your increased adjusted gross income may reduce certain deductions or credits on your return, including the following. 1040 ez Deduction for contributions to a traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA). 1040 ez Deduction for student loan interest. 1040 ez Itemized deductions for medical expenses, casualty and theft losses, and certain miscellaneous expenses. 1040 ez Credit for child and dependent care expenses. 1040 ez Child tax credit. 1040 ez Education tax credits. 1040 ez Earned income credit. 1040 ez Penalty for underpayment of estimated tax. 1040 ez   If you make this election for 2013 and did not have enough tax withheld or pay enough estimated tax to cover the tax you owe, you may be subject to a penalty. 1040 ez If you plan to make this election for 2014, you may need to increase your federal income tax withholding or your estimated tax payments to avoid the penalty. 1040 ez Get Publication 505 for more information. 1040 ez Figuring Child's Income Use Form 8814, Part I, to figure your child's interest and dividend income to report on your return. 1040 ez Only the amount over $2,000 is added to your income. 1040 ez The amount over $2,000 is shown on Form 8814, line 6. 1040 ez Unless the child's income includes qualified dividends or capital gain distributions (discussed next), the same amount is shown on Form 8814, line 12. 1040 ez Include the amount from Form 8814, line 12, on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 21. 1040 ez If you file more than one Form 8814, include the total amounts from line 12 of all your Forms 8814 on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 21. 1040 ez On the dotted line next to line 21, enter “Form 8814” and the total of the Form 8814, line 12 amounts. 1040 ez Note. 1040 ez The tax on the first $2,000 is figured on Form 8814, Part II. 1040 ez See Figuring Additional Tax , later. 1040 ez Qualified dividends. 1040 ez   Enter on Form 8814, line 2a, any ordinary dividends your child received. 1040 ez This amount may include qualified dividends. 1040 ez Qualified dividends are those dividends reported on Form 1040, line 9b, or Form 1040NR, line 10b, and are eligible for lower tax rates that apply to a net capital gain. 1040 ez For detailed information about qualified dividends, see Publication 550. 1040 ez   If your child received qualified dividends, the amount of these dividends that is added to your income must be reported on Form 1040, lines 9a and 9b, or Form 1040NR, lines 10a and 10b. 1040 ez You do not include these dividends on Form 8814, line 12, or on line 21 of Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. 1040 ez   Enter the child's qualified dividends on Form 8814, line 2b. 1040 ez But do not include this amount on Form 1040, lines 9a and 9b, or Form 1040NR, lines 10a and 10b. 1040 ez Instead, include the amount from Form 8814, line 9, on Form 1040, lines 9a and 9b, or Form 1040NR, lines 10a and 10b. 1040 ez (The amount on Form 8814, line 9, may be less than the amount on Form 8814, line 2b, because lines 7 through 12 of the form divide the $2,000 base amount on Form 8814, line 5, between the child's qualified dividends, capital gain distributions, and other interest and dividend income, reducing each of those amounts. 1040 ez ) Capital gain distributions. 1040 ez   Enter on Form 8814, line 3, any capital gain distributions your child received. 1040 ez The amount of these distributions that is added to your income must be reported on Schedule D (Form 1040), line 13, or, if you are not required to file Schedule D, on Form 1040, line 13, or Form 1040NR, line 14. 1040 ez You do not include it on Form 8814, line 12, or on line 21 of Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. 1040 ez   Include the amount from Form 8814, line 10, on Schedule D, line 13; Form 1040, line 13; or Form 1040NR, line 14, whichever applies. 1040 ez (The amount on Form 8814, line 10, may be less than the amount on Form 8814, line 3, because lines 7 through 12 of the form divide the $2,000 base amount on Form 8814, line 5, between the child's qualified dividends, capital gain distributions, and other interest and dividend income, reducing each of those amounts. 1040 ez ) Collectibles (28% rate) gain. 1040 ez    If any of the child's capital gain distributions are reported on Form 1099-DIV as collectibles (28% rate) gain, you must determine how much to also include on line 4 of the 28% Rate Gain Worksheet, in the instructions for Schedule D, line 18. 1040 ez Multiply the child's capital gain distribution included on Schedule D, line 13, by a fraction. 1040 ez The numerator is the part of the child's total capital gain distribution that is collectibles (28% rate) gain. 1040 ez The denominator is the child's total capital gain distribution. 1040 ez Enter the result on line 4 of the 28% Rate Gain Worksheet. 1040 ez Unrecaptured section 1250 gain. 1040 ez   If any of the child's capital gain distributions are reported on Form 1099-DIV as unrecaptured section 1250 gain, you must determine how much to include on line 11 of the Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet in the instructions for Schedule D, line 19. 1040 ez Multiply the child's capital gain distribution included on Schedule D, line 13, by a fraction. 1040 ez The numerator is the part of the child's total capital gain distribution that is unrecaptured section 1250 gain. 1040 ez The denominator is the child's total capital gain distribution. 1040 ez Enter the result on the Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet, line 11. 1040 ez Section 1202 gain. 1040 ez   If any of the child's capital gain distributions are reported as section 1202 gain (gain on qualified small business stock) on Form 1099-DIV, part or all of that gain may be eligible for the section 1202 exclusion. 1040 ez (For information about the exclusion, see chapter 4 of Publication 550. 1040 ez ) To figure that part, multiply the child's capital gain distribution included on Schedule D, line 13, by a fraction. 1040 ez The numerator is the part of the child's total capital gain distribution that is section 1202 gain. 1040 ez The denominator is the child's total capital gain distribution. 1040 ez Your section 1202 exclusion is generally 50% of the result, but may be subject to a limit. 1040 ez In some cases, the exclusion is more than 50%. 1040 ez See the instructions for Schedule D for details and information on how to report the exclusion amount. 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez Fred is 6 years old. 1040 ez In 2013, he received dividend income of $2,100, which included $1,575 of ordinary dividends and a $525 capital gain distribution from a mutual fund. 1040 ez (None of the distributions were reported on Form 1099-DIV as unrecaptured section 1250 gain, section 1202 gain, or collectibles (28% rate) gain. 1040 ez ) All of the ordinary dividends are qualified dividends. 1040 ez He has no other income and is not subject to backup withholding. 1040 ez No estimated tax payments were made under his name and social security number. 1040 ez Fred's parents elect to include Fred's income on their tax return instead of filing a return for him. 1040 ez They figure the amount to report on Form 1040, lines 9a and 9b, the amount to report on their Schedule D, line 13, and the amount to report on Form 1040, line 21, as follows. 1040 ez They leave lines 1a and 1b of Form 8814 blank because Fred does not have any interest income. 1040 ez They enter his ordinary dividends of $1,575 on lines 2a and 2b because all of Fred's ordinary dividends are qualified dividends. 1040 ez They enter the amount of Fred's capital gain distributions, $525, on line 3. 1040 ez Next, they add the amounts on lines 1a, 2a, and 3 and enter the result, $2,100, on line 4. 1040 ez They subtract the base amount on line 5, $2,000, from the amount on line 4, $2,100, and enter the result, $100, on line 6. 1040 ez This is the total amount from Form 8814 to be reported on their return. 1040 ez Next, they figure how much of this amount is qualified dividends and how much is capital gain distributions. 1040 ez They divide the amount on line 2b, $1,575, by the amount on line 4, $2,100. 1040 ez They enter the result, . 1040 ez 75, on line 7. 1040 ez They divide the amount on line 3, $525, by the amount on line 4, $2,100. 1040 ez They enter the result, . 1040 ez 25, on line 8. 1040 ez They multiply the amount on line 6, $100, by the decimal on line 7, . 1040 ez 75, and enter the result, $75, on line 9. 1040 ez They multiply the amount on line 6, $100, by the decimal on line 8, . 1040 ez 25, and enter the result, $25, on line 10. 1040 ez They include the amount from line 9, $75, on lines 9a and 9b of their Form 1040 and enter “Form 8814 – $75” on the dotted lines next to lines 9a and 9b. 1040 ez They include the amount from line 10, $25, on line 13 of their Schedule D (Form 1040) and enter “Form 8814 – $25” on the dotted line next to Schedule D, line 13. 1040 ez They enter $100 ($75 + $25) on line 11 and -0- ($100 – $100) on line 12. 1040 ez Because the amount on line 12 is -0-, they do not include any amount from Form 8814 on their Form 1040, line 21. 1040 ez Figuring Additional Tax Use Form 8814, Part II, to figure the tax on the $2,000 of your child's interest and dividends that you do not include in your income. 1040 ez This tax is added to the tax figured on your income. 1040 ez This additional tax is the smaller of: 10% x (your child's gross income − $1,000), or $100. 1040 ez Include the amount from line 15 of all your Forms 8814 in the total on Form 1040, line 44, or Form 1040NR, line 42. 1040 ez Check box a on Form 1040, line 44, or Form 1040NR, line 42. 1040 ez Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income If a child's interest, dividends, and other unearned income total more than $2,000, part of that income may be taxed at the parent's tax rate instead of the child's tax rate. 1040 ez If the parent does not or cannot choose to include the child's income on the parent's return, use Form 8615 to figure the child's tax. 1040 ez Attach the completed form to the child's Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR. 1040 ez When Form 8615 must be filed. 1040 ez   Form 8615 must be filed for a child if all of the following statements are true. 1040 ez The child's unearned income was more than $2,000. 1040 ez The child is required to file a return for 2013. 1040 ez The child either: Was under age 18 at the end of the year, Was age 18 at the end of the year and did not have earned income that was more than half of his or her support, or Was over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of the year, was a full-time student, and did not have earned income that was more than half of his or her support. 1040 ez At least one of the child's parents was alive at the end of 2013. 1040 ez The child does not file a joint return for 2013. 1040 ez These conditions are also shown in Figure 2. 1040 ez Certain January 1 birthdays. 1040 ez   Use the following chart to determine whether certain children with January 1 birthdays meet condition 3 under When Form 8615 must be filed. 1040 ez IF a child was born on. 1040 ez . 1040 ez . 1040 ez THEN, at the end of 2013, the child is considered to be. 1040 ez . 1040 ez . 1040 ez January 1, 1996 18* January 1, 1995 19** January 1, 1990 24*** *This child is not under age 18. 1040 ez The child meets condition 3 only if the child did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support. 1040 ez  **This child meets condition 3 only if the child was a full-time student who did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support. 1040 ez  ***Do not use Form 8615 for this child. 1040 ez Figure 2. 1040 ez Do You Have To Use Form 8615 To Figure Your Child's Tax? Please click here for the text description of the image. 1040 ez Figure 2. 1040 ez Do You Have To Use Form 8615 To Figure Your Child's Tax? Providing Parental Information (Form 8615, Lines A–C) On Form 8615, lines A and B, enter the parent's name and social security number. 1040 ez (If the parents filed a joint return, enter the name and social security number listed first on the joint return. 1040 ez ) On line C, check the box for the parent's filing status. 1040 ez See Which Parent's Return To Use, earlier, for information on which parent's return information must be used on Form 8615. 1040 ez Parent with different tax year. 1040 ez   If the parent and the child do not have the same tax year, complete Form 8615 using the information on the parent's return for the tax year that ends in the child's tax year. 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez Kimberly must use her mother's tax and taxable income to complete her Form 8615 for calendar year 2013 (January 1 – December 31). 1040 ez Kimberly's mother files her tax return on a fiscal year basis (July 1 – June 30). 1040 ez Kimberly must use the information on her mother's return for the tax year ending June 30, 2013, to complete her 2013 Form 8615. 1040 ez Parent's return information not known timely. 1040 ez   If the information needed from the parent's return is not known by the time the child's return is due (usually April 15), you can file the return using estimates. 1040 ez   You can use any reasonable estimate. 1040 ez This includes using information from last year's return. 1040 ez If you use an estimated amount on Form 8615, enter “Estimated” on the line next to the amount. 1040 ez   When you get the correct information, file an amended return on Form 1040X, Amended U. 1040 ez S. 1040 ez Individual Income Tax Return. 1040 ez Extension of time to file. 1040 ez   Instead of using estimates, you can get an automatic 6-month extension of time to file if, by the date your return is due, you file Form 4868, Application for Automatic Extension of Time To File U. 1040 ez S. 1040 ez Individual Income Tax Return. 1040 ez See the instructions for Form 4868 for details. 1040 ez    An extension of time to file is not an extension of time to pay. 1040 ez You must make an accurate estimate of the tax for 2013. 1040 ez If you do not pay the full amount due by the regular due date, the child will owe interest and may also be charged penalties. 1040 ez See Form 4868 and its instructions. 1040 ez Parent's return information not available. 1040 ez   If a child cannot get the required information about his or her parent's tax return, the child (or the child's legal representative) can request the necessary information from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). 1040 ez How to request. 1040 ez   After the end of the tax year, send a signed, written request for the information to the Internal Revenue Service Center where the parent's return will be filed. 1040 ez (The IRS cannot process a request received before the end of the tax year. 1040 ez )    You should also consider getting an extension of time to file the child's return, because there may be a delay in getting the requested information. 1040 ez   The request must contain all of the following. 1040 ez A statement that you are making the request to comply with section 1(g) of the Internal Revenue Code and that you have tried to get the information from the parent. 1040 ez Proof of the child's age (for example, a copy of the child's birth certificate). 1040 ez Evidence the child has more than $2,000 of unearned income (for example, a copy of the child's prior year tax return or copies of Forms 1099 for the current year). 1040 ez The name, address, social security number (if known), and filing status (if known) of the parent whose information is to be shown on Form 8615. 1040 ez    A child's legal representative making the request should include a copy of his or her Power of Attorney, such as Form 2848, or proof of legal guardianship. 1040 ez Step 1. 1040 ez Figuring the Child's Net Unearned Income (Form 8615, Part I) The first step in figuring a child's tax using Form 8615 is to figure the child's net unearned income. 1040 ez To do that, use Form 8615, Part I. 1040 ez Line 1 (Unearned Income) If the child had no earned income, enter on this line the adjusted gross income shown on the child's return. 1040 ez Adjusted gross income is shown on Form 1040, line 38; Form 1040A, line 22; or Form 1040NR, line 37. 1040 ez Form 1040EZ and Form 1040NR-EZ cannot be used if Form 8615 must be filed. 1040 ez If the child had earned income, figure the amount to enter on Form 8615, line 1, by using the worksheet in the instructions for the form. 1040 ez However, use the following worksheet if: the child has excluded any foreign earned income, deducted a loss from self-employment, or has a net operating loss from another year. 1040 ez Alternate Worksheet for Form 8615, Line 1 A. 1040 ez Enter the amount from the child's Form 1040, line 22, or Form 1040NR, line 23   B. 1040 ez Enter the total of any net loss  from self-employment, any net operating loss deduction, any foreign earned income exclusion, and any foreign housing exclusion from the child's Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. 1040 ez Enter this total as a positive number (greater than zero)   C. 1040 ez Add line A and line B and  enter the total   D. 1040 ez Enter the child's earned income plus any amount from the child's Form 1040, line 30, or the child's Form 1040NR, line 30     Generally, the child's earned income is the total of the amounts reported on Form 1040, lines 7, 12, and 18 (if line 12 or 18 is a loss, use zero) or Form 1040NR, lines 8, 13, and 19 (if line 13 or 19 is a loss, use zero)   E. 1040 ez Subtract line D from line C. 1040 ez Enter the result here and on Form 8615, line 1   Unearned income defined. 1040 ez   Unearned income is generally all income other than salaries, wages, and other amounts received as pay for work actually performed. 1040 ez It includes taxable interest, dividends, capital gains (including capital gain distributions), the taxable part of social security and pension payments, certain distributions from trusts, and unemployment compensation. 1040 ez Unearned income includes amounts produced by assets the child obtained with earned income (such as interest on a savings account into which the child deposited wages). 1040 ez Nontaxable income. 1040 ez   For this purpose, unearned income includes only amounts the child must include in gross income. 1040 ez Nontaxable unearned income, such as tax-exempt interest and the nontaxable part of social security and pension payments, is not included. 1040 ez Capital loss. 1040 ez   A child's capital losses are taken into account in figuring the child's unearned income. 1040 ez Capital losses are first applied against capital gains. 1040 ez If the capital losses are more than the capital gains, the difference (up to $3,000) is subtracted from the child's interest, dividends, and other unearned income. 1040 ez Any difference over $3,000 is carried to the next year. 1040 ez Income from property received as a gift. 1040 ez   A child's unearned income includes all income produced by property belonging to the child. 1040 ez This is true even if the property was transferred to the child, regardless of when the property was transferred or purchased or who transferred it. 1040 ez   A child's unearned income includes income produced by property given as a gift to the child. 1040 ez This includes gifts to the child from grandparents or any other person and gifts made under the Uniform Gift to Minors Act. 1040 ez Example. 1040 ez Amanda Black, age 13, received the following income. 1040 ez Dividends—$800 Wages—$2,100 Taxable interest—$1,200 Tax-exempt interest—$100 Capital gains—$300 Capital losses—($200) The dividends were qualified dividends on stock given to her by her grandparents. 1040 ez Amanda's unearned income is $2,100. 1040 ez This is the total of the dividends ($800), taxable interest ($1,200), and capital gains reduced by capital losses ($300 − $200 = $100). 1040 ez Her wages are earned (not unearned) income because they are received for work actually performed. 1040 ez Her tax-exempt interest is not included because it is nontaxable. 1040 ez Trust income. 1040 ez   If a child is the beneficiary of a trust, distributions of taxable interest, dividends, capital gains, and other unearned income from the trust are unearned income to the child. 1040 ez   However, taxable distributions from a qualified disability trust are considered earned income for the purposes of completing Form 8615. 1040 ez See the Form 8615 instructions for details. 1040 ez Adjustment to income. 1040 ez   In figuring the amount to enter on line 1, the child's unearned income is reduced by any penalty on the early withdrawal of savings. 1040 ez Line 2 (Deductions) If the child does not itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040 or Form 1040NR), enter $2,000 on line 2. 1040 ez If the child itemizes deductions, enter on line 2 the larger of: $1,000 plus the portion of the child's itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 29 (or Schedule A (Form 1040NR), line 15), that are directly connected with the production of the unearned income entered on line 1, or $2,000. 1040 ez Directly connected. 1040 ez   Itemized deductions are directly connected with the production of unearned income if they are for expenses paid to produce or collect taxable income or to manage, conserve, or maintain property held for producing income. 1040 ez These expenses include custodian fees and service charges, service fees to collect taxable interest and dividends, and certain investment counsel fees. 1040 ez    These expenses are added to certain other miscellaneous itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). 1040 ez Only the amount greater than 2% of the child's adjusted gross income can be deducted. 1040 ez See Publication 529, Miscellaneous Deductions, for more information. 1040 ez Example 1. 1040 ez Roger, age 12, has unearned income of $8,000, no other income, no adjustments to income, and itemized deductions of $300 (net of the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit) that are directly connected with his unearned income. 1040 ez His adjusted gross income is $8,000, which is entered on Form 1040, line 38, and on Form 8615, line 1. 1040 ez Roger enters $2,000 on line 2 because that is more than the total of $1,000 plus his directly-connected itemized deductions of $300. 1040 ez Example 2. 1040 ez Eleanor, age 8, has unearned income of $16,000 and an early withdrawal penalty of $100. 1040 ez She has no other income. 1040 ez She has itemized deductions of $1,050 (net of the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit) that are directly connected with the production of her unearned income. 1040 ez Her adjusted gross income, entered on line 1, is $15,900 ($16,000 − $100). 1040 ez The amount on line 2 is $2,050. 1040 ez This is the larger of: $1,000 plus the $1,050 of directly connected itemized deductions, or $2,000. 1040 ez Line 3 Subtract line 2 from line 1 and enter the result on this line. 1040 ez If zero or less, do not complete the rest of the form. 1040 ez However, you must still attach Form 8615 to the child's tax return. 1040 ez Figure the tax on the child's taxable income in the normal manner. 1040 ez Line 4 (Child's Taxable Income) Enter on line 4 the child's taxable income from Form 1040, line 43; Form 1040A, line 27; or Form 1040NR, line 41. 1040 ez Child files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ. 1040 ez   If the child files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ to claim the foreign earned income exclusion, housing exclusion, or housing deduction, the Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet (in the Form 1040 instructions) is used to figure the child's tax. 1040 ez Enter the amount from line 3 of the Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet as the child's taxable income on Form 8615, line 4. 1040 ez Line 5 (Net Unearned Income) A child's net unearned income cannot be more than his or her taxable income. 1040 ez Enter on Form 8615, line 5, the smaller of line 3 or line 4. 1040 ez This is the child's net unearned income. 1040 ez If zero or less, do not complete the rest of the form. 1040 ez However, you must still attach Form 8615 to the child's tax return. 1040 ez Figure the tax on the child's taxable income in the normal manner. 1040 ez Step 2. 1040 ez Figuring a Tentative Tax at the Parent's Tax Rate (Form 8615, Part II) The next step in completing Form 8615 is to figure a tentative tax on the child's net unearned income at the parent's tax rate. 1040 ez The tentative tax at the parent's tax rate is the difference between the tax on the parent's taxable income figured with the child's net unearned income (plus the net unearned income of any other child whose Form 8615 includes the tax return information of that parent) and the tax figured without it. 1040 ez When figuring the tentative tax at the parent's tax rate on Form 8615, do not refigure any of the exclusions, deductions, or credits on the parent's return because of the child's net unearned income. 1040 ez For example, do not refigure the medical expense deduction. 1040 ez Figure the tentative tax on Form 8615, lines 6 through 13. 1040 ez Line 6 (Parent's Taxable Income) Enter on line 6 the amount from the parent's Form 1040, line 43; Form 1040A, line 27; Form 1040EZ, line 6; Form 1040NR, line 41; or Form 1040NR-EZ, line 14. 1040 ez If the parent's taxable income is zero or less, enter zero on line 6. 1040 ez Parent files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ. 1040 ez   If the parent files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ to claim the foreign earned income exclusion, housing exclusion, or housing deduction, the Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet in the Form 1040 instructions is used to figure the parent's tax. 1040 ez Enter the amount from line 3 of the Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet as the parent's taxable income, on line 6 of Form 8615. 1040 ez Line 7 (Net Unearned Income of Other Children) If the tax return information of the parent is also used on any other child's Form 8615, enter on line 7 the total of the amounts from line 5 of all the other children's Forms 8615. 1040 ez Do not include the amount from line 5 of the Form 8615 being completed. 1040 ez (The term “other child” means any other child whose Form 8615 uses the tax information of the parent identified on Lines A and B of Form 8615. 1040 ez ) Example. 1040 ez Paul and Jane Persimmon have three children, Sharon, Jerry, and Mike, who must attach Form 8615 to their tax returns. 1040 ez The children's net unearned income amounts on line 5 of their Forms 8615 are: Sharon—$800 Jerry—$600 Mike—$1,000 Line 7 of Sharon's Form 8615 will show $1,600, the total of the amounts on line 5 of Jerry's and Mike's Forms 8615. 1040 ez Line 7 of Jerry's Form 8615 will show $1,800 ($800 + $1,000). 1040 ez Line 7 of Mike's Form 8615 will show $1,400 ($800 + $600). 1040 ez Other children's information not available. 1040 ez   If the net unearned income of the other children is not available when the return is due, either file the return using estimates or get an extension of time to file. 1040 ez Estimates and extensions are discussed earlier under Providing Parental Information (Form 8615, Lines A–C) . 1040 ez Line 8 (Parent's Taxable Income Plus Children's Net Unearned Income) Enter on this line the total of lines 5, 6, and 7. 1040 ez You must determine the amount of net capital gain and qualified dividends included on this line before completing Form 8615, line 9. 1040 ez Net capital gain. 1040 ez   Net capital gain is the smaller of the gain, if any, on Schedule D (Form 1040), line 15, or the gain, if any, on Schedule D, line 16. 1040 ez If Schedule D is not required, it is the amount on Form 1040, line 13; Form 1040A, line 10; or Form 1040NR, line 14. 1040 ez Qualified dividends. 1040 ez   Qualified dividends are those dividends reported on line 9b of Form 1040 or Form 1040A, or line 10b of Form 1040NR. 1040 ez Net capital gain and qualified dividends on line 8. 1040 ez   If neither the child, nor the parent, nor any other child has net capital gain, the net capital gain on line 8 is zero. 1040 ez   If neither the child, nor the parent, nor any other child has qualified dividends, the amount of qualified dividends on line 8 is zero. 1040 ez   If the child, parent, or any other child has net capital gain, figure the amount of net capital gain included on line 8 by adding together the net capital gain amounts included on lines 5, 6, and 7 of Form 8615. 1040 ez   If the child, parent, or any other child has qualified dividends, figure the amount of qualified dividends included on line 8 by adding together the qualified dividend amounts included on lines 5, 6, and 7. 1040 ez   Use the instructions for Form 8615, line 8, including the appropriate Line 5 Worksheet, to find these amounts. 1040 ez See the instructions for Form 8615 for more details. 1040 ez Note. 1040 ez The amount of any net capital gain or qualified dividends is not separately reported on line 8. 1040 ez It is  needed, however, when figuring the tax on line 9. 1040 ez Line 9 (Tax on Parent's Taxable Income Plus Children's Net Unearned Income) Figure the tax on the amount on line 8 using the Tax Table, the Tax Computation Worksheet, the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (in the Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040NR instructions), the Schedule D Tax Worksheet (in the Schedule D instructions), or Schedule J (Form 1040), as follows. 1040 ez If line 8 does not include any net capital gain or qualified dividends, use the Tax Table or Tax Computation Worksheet to figure this tax. 1040 ez But if Schedule J, Income Averaging for Farmers and Fishermen, is used to figure the tax on the parent's return, use it to figure this tax. 1040 ez If line 8 includes any net capital gain or qualified dividends, use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet to figure this tax. 1040 ez For details, see the instructions for Form 8615, line 9. 1040 ez However, if the child, parent, or any other child has 28% rate gain or unrecaptured section 1250 gain, use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet. 1040 ez But if Schedule J is used to figure the tax on the parent's return, use it to figure this tax. 1040 ez Child files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ. 1040 ez   If line 8 includes any net capital gain or qualified dividends and the child, or any other child filing Form 8615, also files Form 2555 or 2555-EZ, use Using the Schedule D Tax Worksheet for line 9 tax, next, to figure the line 9 tax. 1040 ez Using the Schedule D Tax Worksheet for line 9 tax. 1040 ez    Use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet (in the Schedule D instructions) to figure the line 9 tax on Form 8615 if the child, parent, or any other child has unrecaptured section 1250 gain or 28% rate gain. 1040 ez If you must use the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, first complete any Schedule D and any actual Schedule D Tax Worksheet required for the child, parent, or any other child. 1040 ez Then figure the line 9 tax using another Schedule D Tax Worksheet. 1040 ez (Do not attach this Schedule D Tax Worksheet to the child's return. 1040 ez )   Complete this Schedule D Tax Worksheet as follows. 1040 ez On line 1, enter the amount from Form 8615, line 8. 1040 ez On line 2, enter the qualified dividends included on Form 8615, line 8. 1040 ez (See the earlier discussion for line 8. 1040 ez ) On line 3, enter the total of the amounts, if any, on line 4g of all Forms 4952 filed by the child, parent, or any other child. 1040 ez On line 4, enter the total of the amounts, if any, on line 4e of all Forms 4952 filed by the child, parent, or any other child. 1040 ez If applicable, include instead the smaller amount entered on the dotted line next to line 4e. 1040 ez On lines 5 and 6, follow the worksheet instructions. 1040 ez On line 7, enter the net capital gain included on Form 8615, line 8. 1040 ez (See the earlier discussion for line 8. 1040 ez ) On lines 8 through 10, follow the worksheet instructions. 1040 ez On line 11, enter zero if neither the child, nor the parent, nor any other child has unrecaptured section 1250 gain (Schedule D, line 19) or 28% rate gain (Schedule D, line 18). 1040 ez Otherwise, enter the amount of unrecaptured section 1250 gain and 28% rate gain included in the net capital gain on line 8 of Form 8615. 1040 ez Figure these amounts as explained later under Figuring unrecaptured section 1250 gain (line 11) and Figuring 28% rate gain (line 11). 1040 ez If the Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet was used to figure the parent's tax or the tax of any child, go to step 10 below. 1040 ez Otherwise, skip steps 10, 11, and 12 below, and go to step 13. 1040 ez Determine whether there is a line 8 capital gain excess as follows. 1040 ez Add the amounts on line 2 of all Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheets completed by the parent or any child for whom Form 8615 is filed. 1040 ez (But for each child do not add more than the excess, if any, of the amount on line 5 of the child's Form 8615 over the child's taxable income on Form 1040, line 43; Form 1040A, line 27; or Form 1040NR, line 41. 1040 ez ) Subtract (a) from the amount on line 1 of this Schedule D Tax Worksheet. 1040 ez Subtract (b) from the amount on line 10 of this Schedule D Tax Worksheet. 1040 ez If the result is more than zero, that amount is the line 8 capital gain excess. 1040 ez If the result is zero or less, there is no line 8 capital gain excess. 1040 ez If there is no line 8 capital gain excess, skip step 12 below and go to step 13. 1040 ez If there is a line 8 capital gain excess, complete a second Schedule D Tax Worksheet as instructed above and in step 13, but in its entirety and with the following additional modifications. 1040 ez (These modifications are to be made only for purposes of filling out this additional Schedule D Tax Worksheet. 1040 ez ) Reduce the amount you would otherwise enter on line 9 (but not below zero) by the line 8 capital gain excess. 1040 ez Reduce the amount you would otherwise enter on line 6 (but not below zero) by any of the line 8 capital gain excess not used in (a) above. 1040 ez If the child, parent, or any other child has 28% rate gain, reduce the amount you would otherwise enter on line 8 of Worksheet 1 for Line 11 of the Schedule D Tax Worksheet – 28% Rate Gain (Line 9 Tax), shown later, (but not below zero) by the line 8 capital gain excess, and refigure the amount on line 11 of this Schedule D Tax Worksheet. 1040 ez If the child, parent, or any other child has unrecaptured section 1250 gain, reduce the amount you would otherwise enter on line 8 of Worksheet 2 for Line 11 of the Schedule D Tax Worksheet – Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain (Line 9 Tax) (but not below zero) by the line 8 capital gain excess not used in 12(c), and refigure the amount on line 11 of this Schedule D Tax Worksheet. 1040 ez Complete lines 12 through 45 following the worksheet instructions. 1040 ez Use the parent's filing status to complete lines 15, 42, and 44. 1040 ez Enter the amount from line 45 of this Schedule D Tax Worksheet on Form 8615, line 9, and check the box on that line